Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 99 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 99 of 181)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook

water.fhe rowleth her fclfe into a yellow cloth ; and againc taking her husbands kinf-
man by the hand, goeth to the faid Caue , by which is ercdeda httle Pinnacle, on
which flic mountcth,and there rccommcndcth her children and kindred to the people.
After this, another woman takcth a pot with oyle, and fprincklcth it ouer her hcad,and
therewith annoynteth all her body,and then throweth it into the Furnacc.the woman
goingtogcthcr with the fame. Prcfently after the woman the people throw e great
pieces ofwood into the Caue, fo that with thofe blowcs and the fire , flice is quickly
deadjandtheir great mirth is on a fudden turned into great lamentation & howling.


Chap. II.. ASIA. Thefift 'Booke'. j^^f

when a great man dicth.all the women of his houfe, both his wife and flaucs, with
whom he hath had carnall copulation, burne themfelucs together with him. Amongft
thcbaferfortjlhauefecne (faithMaiier/'rif^fr/i^ifJ the dead man carried to the place
of buriall,and there fctvp-right : the* woman comming before him on hdrkneeSjCa- e The wife
ftcth her armes about his nccke, while a Mafon maketh a wall round about them : and immured with
when the wall is as high as their neckes 5 one comming behmde the woman, ttrang- herdeadhul-
lethher,the workc-manprelcntlyfiniftiing the wall oucr them; and this is their bu- '


LftdihtcM VertomttntHf f relatcth the fame fimcrall rites of Taruajferi (as in other f Ud.FertM.
puts of India) fauingthat there fifrecne ortwentiemcn in their idolatrous habitejikc
Diuels, doe attend on the fire wherein the husband is burned; all the Mulicians of
theCitiefolemnizing thefunerallpompe: and fiftcene dayes after they haue the like
fblemnitic, at the burning of the woman, thofe diuellifli fcllo wes holding fire in their
mouthes, and facrificmg to "Dcumt, and arc her intercefTours to that Diuell for her
good entertainment.

; The caufe of burning their wiues is by fomc afcribed to their wonted poy fonings
of their husbands before this Law; S by othcrSjthat the husband might hauc her help g Odor'tcun
aod comfort in the other world.

In thcfe parts is the Citie of Saint ThontM or Malefur ; where they fay Saint Tho-
ntM (aftcrhehadpreachcdthcC/o^?// to the Indians) was martyred and burned. The
Legend which fomc report ofhis death, were too tedious to recite: and as little like-
lihood oi truth is in that long talc of the miraculous Crucifixes hcere f'ound.related by
Oferitu ^, who likewife declareth the rites of thofe Saint Themoi-ChtiRisns, of their h Ofur'm lib.^i
Chaldean Pope, Cardinalls, Patriarches and Bifhops ; of which in another place wc
(hall more fitly fpeakc. On the firft day of luly Saint Thomnu holy-day is celebrated, as
well by the Pagans as Chriftians : and his Sepulchre is had in deuout eftimation, both
of theMoore5,Gentilc$,andChriflians; each ' pretending the right ofhis owne Re- » OA, Sarhpi^
Jigion to the Church, where this Saint lyeth interred, to which the Indian Chriftians
goe on pilgrimagCjCarrying with them a little of that earth for a great rclike.A Moore
Rad the keeping of the Church, which was built after our fafhion, and begged of the
commcrs for maintenance of it, and of a light continually burning therein.

The Portugals ^ now inhabite thisTowne almoft defolate: the Icfuits alfohaue k Linfcbotett,
hcere a rcfidence. The Church-doorcs (by the fuperftition of fomc) are almoft cut in
peeces, and carried away to fet in gold and filuer, and to weare about their neckes, as
aholy reliquc ; the Portugals herein being exceedingly vainc,and attributing hereun-
to many miracles, verifying that Prouerb which the Spaniards vfe, affirming the Por-
tugilstobe' Peces,foto!,iievotos. OnzkntLinfcheten zv^holthe^dxoWox^we of 1 Fcw.Poolefj
Beadsthereof, the bringer affirming that thofe Beads had calmed aTempcft miracu- <'^"°"''
louflybythe way. The Inhabitants in this refpedl haue driuen their Church-doorcs
full of nailes : but Saint Thomas bones arc now rcmoued to Coa. Thofe doores are of
fpch renowned holinefle, becaufe they were made of that wood which Saint Thomas
drew with his girdle out of the hauen (which it Soaked) and could not before this
miracle by any meanes be remoued.

OdoricMs '" tellcthof aftiangeand vncouth Ido!!,asbigge as Saint Chrifieipher,o{ ^ Odarititii
pure gold, wiih a new band abont the nccke full of precious ftones, fome one where-
of was ofvalcw (if he valewed iuftly) more then a whole Kingdome : The roofe,paue-
ment, and fcelingof the walks, within and without the Temple, was all gold. The
Indians went thither on pilgrimage, fomc with halters about their neckes, fome with
their bands bound behinde them, fome with kniues (ticking on their armes and legs ;
and if after their pilgrimage, the wounded flefh fcftered,thcy eftecmed that limbe ho-
ly, and a figne of their gods fauour. Ncerc to the Temple was a Lake, where-intothe
Pilgrims caff gold, filuer, and gemmes for honor of the Idoll, and reparation ofhis
Temple. At cucry yearely Feaft the King and Quccne, with the Pilgrimes and people,
affembling, placed thefaid Idoll in a rich Chariot, and with a folemnc proceffion of
Virgins, two and two in a rancke. Tinging before him, and with muficall inftruments
Carrie him forth. Many Pilgrims put themfelucs vndcr the Chariot- whecles, where



Of the ^gions and %el't^ions of Malabar. C n a p .n ,

n Sir /ofca

f linfchot.lib.i.

4f Arlhwi Dan.

r Derperate

theyarccrufliedinpceccs. More then fiuc hundred perfonsvfcd thus to doc whofe
carkaflcs v^crc burned, and afhes kept for holy rdiques. Othcrwifc alfo they will dc-
uotc thcmfelues to fuch a martyrdome in this manner. The parents and friends aflem-
ble and make a Feaft to this Votaric, and after that hang fiuefharpekniucs about his
necke, and fo carry him before the Idol], where he takcth one of his kniucs^and crieth-
For the T»or[hif of my Cjod I cut this myflefo ; and cutting a peecc,cafleth it at the face of
the Idoll, and (o proceeding,at the laft faith ; K^oy doe I yeeidmj [dfe to death m the bcm
halfe of my (jod; and being dead, is burned as before.

Our Countrey-man " Sir M«^^«J<r«;7ifreportcth the famcHiftorieofthcit Idoll
Proceflfion, and the afhes of thofc voluntaric Martyrs, which they kccpe to defend
them agaitjft tempcfts and misfortunes. Hce alfo faith that fome Pilgrims in all thcit
pcregrination$,aot once lifted vp their eyelids, fome at cuery third or fourth pace fell
downe on their knees to worftiippc, fome whipped, others wounded themfclues*
yea , and killed thcmiclues (as is feeforc-faid.) TSljcoU di Centt " reporteth the fame in
his time.

Neither is thisbloudiecuftomeyetlcft,as Linfchottn p affirmethby report of one
cf his Chambcr-fellowes that had fecne it. They haue ( faith hee) a Waggon, or
Cart, fo heauic, that three orfoure Elephants can hardly draw it, which is brought
forth atFaircs, Feafts, and Proccflions, At this Cart hang many Cable* or Ropes
whereat all the people haile and pull, of dcuotion. In the vpper part of the Cart flan*
dethaTabcrnacIc, and therein the Idoll: vndcr it fit the Kings wiuespIayin<»onIn-
ftruments. And while the Proceffion paffcth/ome cut pecccs of their flcfh.and throw
at the Pagode, fome lay thcmlelues Tndcr the whcclcs of the Cart, with fuch cueut at
you haue heard. ,

Gaffaro 'B«lhy <\ rcl3teththefame,andaddcth,thatthePriefts,whichhaue careof
ihisIdoll,and certaine women,are confecrated to thcfedeuotions from their Cradles,
by their Zeale-bltnde parents. And the women proditute their bodies, togainefot. •,
the Idoll whatfoeuer they can get oucrand aboue theirownc maintenance. This fiU *
leth the Citic with ftrumpets; there being of this 5<?fr(f«/ (you may interpret it Cws*
/<r<^jcruc, foure hundred m one place of ^he Citie. Thcfc haue their place in the Idol-'
Proccflion, fome of them in the Chariot which is drawne by men; eueryone ac
counting himfclfc happie, that can touch or drawthc fame. This he faith was at Nc-
gapaton. 7 .^'p

He further affirracth , That not farre from the Citie of Saint Thontus Is the Towne
Cafta : where the wife i$ not burned (as at Ncgapatan) but a great grsue bcint' made
for the deccafcd husband, they place the liuing wife by the dead corpfe.and their nee-
reft kindred caft earth vpon them both,andftampe thereon. They ubichmarrie, wed
in their owne dcgrcc,as a Smith to a Smiths daughter : and they powre out theirpray-
crsatthelmagcoffomcCow, ora Serpent called IBttUa di cafiH^. Their Bramincs
burnc Cowes-dung ; and if they intend any warres with other Nations, they snnoint
their nofe and forehead with thofc aflies, notwafhing themfeiuestill the cuening.
They which facrifice thcmfelues to ftie Pagode, when they haue wallowed a long time
in iuftfullpicafures.flioot into the airepecces of their flefli tied to arrowes,and dmerf-
ly mangle theiufelucj ; at laft, cut their owne throats, fo lacrificing thcmfelues to the
Pagode. .

There arcairocertaincpeople called y4w»«fi;,othcrwifcC/u4'://,whichpercciuing
theend of their life to f approach, lay hold on their weapons, which they call Ci&?j(?«r,
and going forth, kill cuery man they mccte with, till fome bodie (by kilHng them)
makeancndof theirkilling. Theyareloth (itfccmcs) to comcintothcDiuclsprcj
fence empty-handed, or to goe to Hell alone. Some of them worfhip God in the like.
nelTe of a Man; (omc in the Images of Kine and Serpents : fome inuoke the Sunne and
Moone; others, fome Tree or Riuer. [

Among many Fcafts which they celebrate in the ycare, one in Autumnc is moft fo^'
Icmne, in whichthcytake fome great Tree, andfaftenitinthegroundjhauingfirftfa-
fhioned it like a maft of a fhip, with acroflc-yard, whereon they hangtwo hookesdf
iron. And when any one by fickucfle, or other miferie^hath made a vow to their Idoll
i . or

C H A p. ri . ASIA. Thefift 'Booke: ^p 9

or Pa^odf, he commeth thither, and being firft admonifhed by the Pricfts to offer hi j
facrifice, they lift him with thofe hookes by both the fhouldcrsj and there held him to /•

thcldoll, till he hath three times falutcd the fame, with clapping his folded hands to
his breaft, and hath made fome fport thereto with weapons whit h he hath in his hand.
Afterthisbeis let downe,andihc bloud which iifucth fromhisfhouK^ersisfprinkled
on the Tree, in tcflimonie of his dcuotion. Then they draw him vp againc by the mid-
dle, to giuc thankesto the Idoll : and then giue him leaiie to healc himfeife, if he can.
They which arc in great miferie, or fcckc fome great matter at the hand of their Idolh
doe this. They haue another Feaft, celebrated in the night, continuing eight nights :
in which many candles are fcenc burning thorow the Citic.Thtee or fourc runne from
one end of thcftrccte to the other, and hurling Rice, and other meats after thcm,f3y,
they offer it to the Diucll which followes them; not daring to looke bchinde,lcfl he
Should (lay them.

In other places alfo they haue thofe Idoll- Chariots, like vnto Towcrsjto the draw-
ing whercof,many thoufands ofdcuout pcrfonsput their helping-hand.Fr«j77c« ^Fer. f F. Ttrtiandet
?tandes filth, thatCidambaram is the rrother-Citie of their Pagan- rites, wherein are ^F^-'JjS.
many ftately Temples, and the reueniic of the Brttmewes amounted to thirtic ihoufand
ducats, but now they arc paid but twelue thoufand yearely.

Heere happened a (Irange accident, the fame day the lefuits departed, the occafion
of which was this. There is in this Citic aTemple oiTeriwal, wherein they worfliip
an Ape called Hanim4nt,vi\\om they report to haue beenc a God,and (for 1 know not
what) together with many thoufands of other gods,to bauc remained there.being all
transformed into Apes. Now when this principall Ape was forced topalTe into the
Hand Zeilan, and wanted a fhip, he leaped, and at eueryleape left an Hand or heapc of
land behind him, fo making way for his apifli traine to Zeilan. The tooth of this Ape
was kept for a great rclique in that Hand, with great rclort of Pilgrims thereunto : and ,
, .. in the yearc c 1554- was by the Portugals, (who made a roade thither,in hope of great t l!inf(bot.(./i^i
\ % bootie) taken away. The Indian Princes offered the Viceroy three hundred thoufand
(or as Litifchoten telleth, fcuen hundred thoufand) ducats, for the ranfome of this Apes
5 tooth.but the Archbifliopdiffwaded the Viceroy; who thereupon burnt the fame be-
fore thofe Indian Embaflador;:, and threw the aflies into the Sea, Not long after a Bt-
w».«»*ofCambaiaperfwaded the Indians, that bee by Diuine Power had taken away
that holy Tooth, beinginuifiblyprelent, and had lef another in the rocme which was
burnt, Superflition is credulous, and the King of Bifnagar gauc him a great fummc
of gold for that Apes tooth, wherewith he thus apifhly had bitten and mocked them,
which was after holdcn in like veneration as the former. But to retume to our Ci*
dambaran Hiftoric.

_ They « tell. That an holy man, in great penance, had many yearcs held his foote u F^Fernand,
pierced thorow with a piece of iron ; and when he was often by God commanded to
Jcaue that felfe-rigor, he flatly rcfufed, vnlcffethat he might fee God dancing about
him, which alfo heecondefcended vnto; and with the Sunne, Moonc and Starres,
which played theMullcians.he appeared dancing : And as he danccd,a chaine of gold
fell from Ins foot, whereof this Towne tookc name. For CidamlmraH fignificth 4 ^el-
den chaine. "^

Now at this time ' there was a great contention, whetherthe figne oiTmrnAl * i^jS.

fhould be ere(5fed in the Temple of Cidambacham. This figne was a gilded mafl,with

an Ape at the foot thereof. Many Embaffadors were there about this quarrell; fome

vrging, fome refifling this deed. But the Prince (czWtdthc Naicho oi G\ng\) would

haueitfet vp,notwithfianding the Prieflsgreateflvnwillingntflc. The Priefts there-

forcjboth regular (which are the Itigues)ind fecular Bramenes afcended vp the roofe of

theChurch, and thence threatenedtohurledownethemfelues, whichtwentie of the

Itgues did, and the refl threatened to follow.But the Naicb» caufed gunnes to be dif-

charged at them, which flew two, and caufed the reft to retire and breakc their coue-

nant (rather then their neckes) with their fellowcs. A woman alfo of this fa(ftion,cut

hcrowne throat for zcalcofthis new fuperflition. Thefwelling f^ileof thisKin'gof x The titles of

Bifnagar, I thought vvorthie to be heere infcrted, which is thii. ^ Thihmhandofqaod '''^Kingsof

r-'^ liifnaear,

^oo Of the ^gions and^Ugtons of Malabar. C H a p.h.

forttme^theged of great Prouiaces, Ki!7g of the great eft Kings, and god of Kings, the Lord
ef horfemen,the MaHer of them which canttot fpeake-, Em^erour of three Emterours,
(^oBaneroar ef allhee fees, and Keeper of all he concjaers, DreadfHllto the eight CoaUs of
the fVer/d, VantjutDjer of the U\iAhttmeta>is, &c. Lardof the Eefl.lVesl, North, and
South, andof theSea,8ic. Vetic^fatadiuui Hagih Deitamaganns 'jR(igel, which now rn-
leth and gotternetb this iVtrld,

With the Naicho or King of Gingi (vaffall to the King or Emperour of Bifnagar )
the lefuits found good cntercaitimenc. Hecrc fomc of the logues diftributcd the water
ofGangeSjOUtofcertainevcffelscouered with foule and filthieclothcsvvhich yet the
people for dcuotion kifled. Thcfe logues with admirable patience endured the Sunnes
hcate : and one among the reft enclofcd himfelfein an iron cage.with his head and feet
onely out of the cage, that he could neither fit nor lie downe at any time : and on the
cage were hanged an hundred Lampes, which fourc other logues^ his companions,
lighted at certaine times. And thus walked he in this his perpetiiallprifon, as o^Light
vnte thervtrld^mhis vain- glorious opinion. They reaf^ncd with certaine Bramenes;
fomc of which held the Sunne for God, and yet f ^metime to haue been a man.andfot
his merits fo promoted. Some denied a multitude of gods , onely allowing that priui-
ledge to Pyrama, Vidhun, and Fmtir, one of which maketh,another keepech,thc third
deftroycth all things.

Neare to Madure is an Idoll called Chocanada : which by night appeared in a vifion
to a Prieft, and bade him goc fay to the l^aicho of Madure, that he or I mull abide in
this houfc : whereupon he would not be corriuall with bis Idoll, but refigned the Pal-
lace to him. His deuotion is fuch, that cuery day while he fitteth in iudgement, a Bra-
menc euer and anon foundeth the name of Aranganajfa in his eares : and when one is
vvcairie, another fucceedeth in the fame office, ncuer ceafing this Idolis remembrance,
although he there httethhueorfixehoures.
y Difconrfcof I th ?ught meete to mention one Cuftome y which fome report of the "Bramx, or
China,p.4oi. Pope-like Brsmene in thefe parts, who by his authoritie dii'penfeth with many of their
La\ves,and diflolueth Marriages : giuing libcrtie at his pleafure to the woman to mar-
ric another ; which his difpcnfation is fealed on her right (houldcr, with a n":arke of a
hot iron,
z SHecb'm . ChandagrinistheRoyallSeatof the great King of Bifnagar '. The chiefc Families
Cotignut. therein are the BrantenSt'P^itu ;znA Cretins, They aftirme that theii Idoll Perimal did

bringforththefirftoutof his head (as the Poets tell of yt/;«(fr«<i; j the fecond out of
hisbrcaft; thethirdoutofhisbelly: and all other inferiour Families out of hisfectc.
The Bramenes haue fome opinions, not altogether diffonant from the Scripiurcs.Thcy
fay, ThatGod onely by his thought made a man, which tl'.sy call AdAm. •

On the tenth day of Iflj, Anno 1600. happened an Eclipfe of the Sunnc, which the
Bramanes laid was by meanes of the Dragon ( which they make a ccleftiall figne ) his
biting of the Sunnc andMoone: whereupon the King and others neither eate not
dranke that day; deploring their miferie, becaufc the Dragon deuoured the Sunntfi
In the Citie Prepeti, three miles from Chandegrin is the Fcsft of Pirimal, in remem-
brance of his marriage: at which the offerings amounted to two hundred thoufand
crownes : and the Chariot of the Idoll was dra wne forth a mile and a halfe in Procefli^
£>n by ten thoufand men. They haue another Feaft of the Kinc, bccaufethey fuppofe
a S;«OT Za, Verimal to be the fonnc of a Cow, and then the wayes aind ftreets arc full » ofthat cat-
sell. They haueaFeaft inhonorof the Sunne, which lafteth eight dayes, folemniied
. by the Emperour hiiTifclfe, and hceisindgcda traytour which is not prefent thereat.
Tnen they caft lots, the Kmgfirrt,and after the rell, diuining by arrowesthe next years
deRinie.if an arrow light ona tree, and being plucked our, caufcth a red liquor to fol-
low, it pr 'gnofticaicth warres ; ifwhite; peace. N^ot farrc hence is an Idoll called TV/-
/!i*;,to which ate great Pilgrimages and Offerings; alwayesasihey go,fon.cbeginne,
and ch.e reli anfwere, and io all continue to refound the name of the Idol! ^oi<j. Before
tbcy enter inaithe Temple, they fnaue and wafhthemfchieK. They haue Hcrcmites,
which they call Sanajfcs^ who Hue in dcfcrts,and at fometimes appcare before the peo-
pienaked. Taty haue others which they call :$«r«f<, learned Pnefts, (as it were a de-


C H A p,i I . ASIA. Thefift (Booke: 501

erecof Do(Sors) which bcarc a great port, andneuer goc forth on footc. The Idoll
7V/o;V/is featedonamouiitaine, about which are fertile valleyes, ftored with fruits,
which none may touch, as being confecrated. There arc in the woods great abun-
dance of Apes , fo tame, that they will take meatc out of mens hands : the people
cfteeme them a diuine Race, and of the familiaritie of Pcrimal the chiefe god , whom
they worrtiip in many colours and (hipcs, as ot a Man, Oxc,Horfe, Lion, Hogge, '
Duckc, Cocke, &c.

As Veig* *> iaiii Ricifu , twolefuits, traucIIedtoChaudegtin, they came to Traui- b £w.^f r«j-i,
lur, where they faw their Idoll, with a white banner on his backe, and after him three
{acred Kinc, with Drummers on their backes, and after them Trumpctters and many
Muficians of other ibrts.Thcn followed thirtie women dancing, which were alfo coii-
fecratcdtotheldollsferuice, and might notmarrie, but yet proftitute their bodies:
thcfe were richly attired, and carried Lights. ThePriefts followed with the Idoll,and
vrere followed by the people with Lights. At their returne they fet downe the Idoll,
and fet fodden Rice before him to catc;others mcanc while driuing aw ay the flics, and
and others couering him that he fliould not be feene eating : and at la{l, one maketh a
longOrationof the worthy adlesof their god, and then fet him againe in his place.
Tbislaftedfourehourcs; and in the mc3.ncfpace many reafoncd with the lefuits, and
feme heldvaine Difcourfes of the Crea.tion : as, that there were feuen Seas; one of
falt-water, the fecond of frefh, the third, of hony, the fourth of Milks, the fift oiTair
(which is creame beginning to fowre) th e fixt of fugar, the feuenth of butter : that the
Earth had nine corners,whereby it was borne vp by the Hcauen.Others diflented.and
faid, that the Earth was borne vp by fc'uen Elephants; the Elephants feete flood on
Tortoifcs, and they were borne by they knew not what.

When the Tslaicha of Tangaor <= died., three hundred of his Concubines willingly c Xelcb. CoHg.
offered themfelues to the fir?, to honor 1 \\s funeral] ; fo much can Cuftome harden fo
delicate and foft- hearted a nature.

The Temples '' in the Countrcy haue great reucnues, which in fome places are en- d Ci, tot. sen^
creafedbythedeuotionof women, whi ch proftitute themfelues togaine for their I-
dolis : and many yong girles arc broughi; vp for this purpofe. Many are heere in thefe
parts,of the Seftofthe (7«a2:.<»r<«f«,whichkillnoquickething, as isfpokene.Somc c oyer.W.4,
haue a ftone hanging about their neckcs, as big as an egge, with certaine lines drawnc
thorow the middle thereof; and this they worfliip, and call it Tambaratte : they kecpc
euery Friday holy-day.

The Kingdomc of Orifla hath on the Sca-coaft three hundred and fiftie miles, be-
twixt the richer Kingdomes of Bengala and Bifnagar, poorc of Ports and traffike. Ra-
man f is the Royall-Citie ; from whence theRiucr Ganga pafleth^and at his fall into f Magimu
the Sea, ioyneth his water with thofe of Ganges. The Inhabitants (except a few
Moores) are Gentiles, little or nothing (that I can learne) differing in Rites from their
neighbourSjofwhichyee haue heard. Some s afcribe to thcCitieOrifl3,asthename, gSammarhdi.
fo the principalitie of the other Cities of this Kingdome. fo^.oncnt.

One thing I thought liot to omit, that there be ^ whole Villages and kindreds of hLmfchet.e.isi
people, in other things like to other men, but arc borne with one of their legs .ind one
foot from the knee thicke as an Elephants legge ; which the common
people imagine to be a curfe by Diuine luftice, inflicted rpon the whole Generation,
for that their Progenitors murthered Si\ntTli/omM. Linfchoten faith, hee hathfeenc
and fpokenwith them, and could learne no other caufe thereof, Itistothem a defor-
mitie.butnoletorimpediment otherwife.

And thus haue we finifhcd our perambulation of the Continent of A(ia. Some per-
haps will maruell why 1 haue not handled the Mufcouitcs and Ruffians in this Afian
Difcourfertowhomlanfwcre, thatjof the Tartarians, fubieft to the Mufcouite, I
haue alrcadic fpoken ; and the reft of the Mufcouites Dominions, efpccially the moft
populous, ciuill, wcalthie ; yea,the Imperiall Citie it felfe,by moft Mappes, is afcribed
to Europe : that I fpcakc not of the vncertaintie of that troubled cftate, now thefe ma-
ny yeares, whereof I would haue more certaine and fetled Relations to beftow on our
Readcr,which I hope,with Gods helpjin our European Difcouery fhall be performed.


502. Of the Creatures J Tlants^ and Fruits in India. G H a p .12.

AsfortheVnicornc wc haue before obferued, That none hath beene feene thcfe
hundred yearcs la(l paft, by teftimonic of any probable Author (for tVe^l>,vihkh faith

^deff^'^'"^' ^=^*w of them in Trif/Jfr-M;;/ Court, isa mcerefabler). And Cajp^r SweKckf.Id^n

' 'J'"' Phyfician ccftifieth of the common Vnicornes horne,that it is inferiour to Hans home

in efficacieagainftpoyfons,and therefore not likely to be it. OftheTygcrs hath been

kDeftatum rpokcii,andthe harmt they doe inPegu, Nicholas Pmema k report ethjhat the Ty-

c^nii. w ind. a^rs. Crocodiles, and a certaine Lizzard or Newt ( Leniu faw the like in Brafile) i%
great and as cruell as the former, doe wonderfully fpoilc in Bengala, both by land and
neerc the fhorej. Hetellsof oneHrangeefcapeof amanina vefTellneere the {Lore,
affaultedatoncebyaTygerfromland, and by a Crocodile from the water; and the

Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 99 of 181)