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Samuel Putnam Avery.

The Avery, Fairchild & Park families of Massachusetts, Connecticut & Rhode Island, with a short narration of facts concerning Mr. Richard Warren, Mayflower passenger, and his family connections with T online

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record upon our minutes the death of our late associate and friend,
Samuel Putnam Avery.

Mr. Avery was a member of the first board of trustees of the Museum
and was, until his death, one of its most useful, active, and intelligent
members. He brought to the service of the Museum a large experience
in the world of art, a mind enriched by travel and trained by the ob-
servation and study of the world's famous collections. His conscientious
devotion to all his duties was remarkable. His business brought him in
frequent contact with the great painters of the last half century, both at
home and abroad, and many of the best works of foreign masters passed
through his hands. After his retirement from business his activity was
continued in the several public institutions in which he was a hard-
working trustee.

Mr. Avery was also a most discriminating collector of porcelains,
bronzes, and other art objects, and of line books. His library was small
but choice, and was rich in bindings, executed by the famous bibliopegists
of the present and former times. It is probable that Mr. Avery's name
will be best known and longest remembered by reason of his extraordinary
liberality (often concealed from public observation) both to individuals
and institutions. A large proportion of the books, prints, bronzes, etc.,
in The Grolier Club, were presented by him. In nearly all of the art
clubs of the city will be found mementos of his thoughtful consideration,
and his gifts were not confined to this city alone. This Museum is in-
debted to Mr. Avery for a valuable collection of medals by Roty, and a
large number of paintings and art objects, and he was a constant con-
tributor to its library. In Mrs. Avery's name he enriched the Museum
with a large collection of rare and valuable antique silver spoons.

The bequest to the New York Public Library of 17,000 etchings, a

collection representing the patient and intelligent work of forty years,

shows how catholic Mr. Avery was in selecting art treasures and how

thoughtful he was for the public welfare in distributing them during his

[112]




IRONZE TABLET IN THE AVERY ARCHITECTURAL
LIBRARY, COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY

BY J. C. CHAPLAIN, PARIS, I89I



lifetime. In memory of a daughter who died in 1893 Mr. Avery estab-
lished a library in the Teachers' College, giving his daughter's books, to
which he added many others.

The crowning glory of Mr. Avery's beneficence is the architectural
library presented to Columbia University in memory of his son, Henry
Ogden Avery, a talented young architect. This library is said, upon
good authority, to be one of the best in this country on this special
subject.

Mr. Avery was a friend to all good men. His regard for those favored
with his intimate acquaintance will always be a fragrant memory. An
hour spent in his company among the many attractive objects in his
private library was serenely enjoyable. He was a man of the highest
ideals, who placed character above all other attainments. As a well-
deserved recognition of his long and disinterested service, seventy-five
friends presented him with a gold medal on his seventy-fifth birthday.

His example will remain an inspiration for good deeds. He has made
the world better worth living in for those who come after him.

J. PiERPONT Morgan,

President,
Metropolitan Museum of Art.

RUTHERFURD StUYVESANT JnO. CrOSBY BrOWN

Wm. L. Andrews Jno. L. Cadwalader

John Bigelow H. C. Fahnestock

Chas. Stewart Smith Edward D. Adams

Robert W. deForest Geo. A. Hearn

Whitelaw Reid Wm. Church Osborn

Elihu Root Frederick Dielman

Jno. S. Kennedy Chas. F. McKim

D. O. Mills Daniel C. French

Thirty-fifth annual report of the trustees of the Metropolitan Museum of
Arty New York, 1905.



[113]



BENJAMIN PARKE AVERY^

■pENJAMIN PARKE AVERY^, second son of Samuel Put-
-'-' nam Avery and Hannah Anne (Parke'') Avery, was born in
New York November II*^ 1828. Married, November 27*S
i86i, at San Francisco, Cal., Mary Ann Fuller, born July 13*'',
1827. He died November 8*^ 1875, in Peking, China. She died
June 9*^, 1913. There were no children.

The telegraphic announcement of Hon. B. P. Avery's death reached
here yesterday via the Atlantic, but we refrained from stating the fact
with the faint hope that the news might prove to be untrue. We were
unwilling to believe that our friend had been called away, notwithstand-
ing the known ravages of the disease which for years held him in its toils
and caused him mental and bodily torture such as seldom falls to the lot
of man. His geniality and patience enabled him to bear more than others,
though his physical powers were never on a par with his master mind.
Benjamin Parke Avery was born and reared in New York, and obtained
the groundwork of his education in the public schools of that city. He
was for a while engaged in printing and engraving in New York, but
from the time of leaving school was a hard student. He was studious
from the first and a regular visitor to the bookstores. In 1849, at the
age of nineteen years, he sailed for San Francisco via Cape Horn, and
upon his arrival here engaged in mining with indifferent success. He
often said that some of the happiest moments of his life were spent in the
mining camps of Nevada, Yuba, Trinity and Siskiyou, and many were the
entertaining anecdotes he would relate of his mining experience. Nature
never intended him for the hardships appertaining to placer mining in
those days, and he wisely changed his pursuit and established a drug-
store at North San Juan, Nevada County. Subsequently he established
the San Juan Press, which under his administration became one of the
best country papers of the state. The hearts of the people in this Httle
camp warmed towards him, as was always the case in every community
that was favored with his presence, and it was with sincere regret that
they saw him leave for Marysville. In the latter city he started the
Marysville Appeal, in connection with Noah Brooks, now of the New
York Times, and the paper soon attracted attention for its ability and
fairness. Afterwards he held the position of State Printer for two years,

[114]



having been elected by the Republicans. In 1873-4 he was the Legisla-
tive correspondent for the Bulletin and soon thereafter entered the edi-
torial rooms of that journal, first performing the duties of the city editor
and a few months later occupying a position as one of the leading editorial
writers. It was in the latter capacity that he especially distinguished
himself.

Although debarred from a collegiate course he possessed a knowledge
of the classics such as seldom falls to the lot of graduates. In science,
literature, and art he was remarkably well versed, and it was often said
of him that he could take any topic of the day and treat it with singular
ability and thoroughness and surprising dispatch. He appealed to the
good sense and the honor of the public, in dealing with public questions,
and won adherents for the right measures where others would have failed.
He was eloquent, persuasive, candid. He was conscientious in thought
and deed. He endeared himself to his associates by countless deeds of
kindness and self-sacrifice. No one could come in contact with him with-
out realizing his goodness of heart. We are saying nothing new to the
people of California, for we know that his reputation as a man of sterling
worth has reached every city, town, and hamlet, in the state. Year after
year great bronzed, bearded miners dropped into the Bulletin editorial
rooms to see their old friend "Ben Avery," as they were wont to call
him, and he was proud of their friendship.

After nine years of hard work upon the Bulletin Mr. Avery retired on
account of ill-health and took to the mountains. In January, 1874, he
became editor of the Overland Monthly Magazine, a position which he
held for six months, when he departed for China as United States Minister.
His diplomatic services in China were of great value to the Government,
and his record there, as elsewhere, was admirable in every respect. The
honorable and useful career of Mr. Avery has had few parallels in this
country. The pen that can do justice to the nobility of his character has
never been made. But we who knew the good man gone will waft our
benisons to his bier and cherish his memory. Daily Stock Report, San
Francisco, Cal., December, 1875.

The intelligence that Hon. Benjamin P. Avery, American Minister to
China, is dead, will cause sincere sorrow all over this coast. He was a
man in whom the graces of a brilliant mind were adorned and heightened
by a character absolutely pure. Many of us remember when his pen
marked a new departure in California journaHsm, and when the thought-
ful men of the coast asked, "Who is this writer, who can state truths
without being offensive, and can charm those even who disagree with
him by the beauty and purity of his diction?" There was nothing of
dash or bluster in Mr. Avery. His greatest happiness was in doing his
duty. The strength of his manhood was spent in trying to lift up the
thoughts and keep warm the patriotism of his countrymen by daily
counselling them in the right as he saw the right. Many a wanderer on

[115]



this coast is a better man because the words of Benjamin Avery reached
his heart at the right time. We can estimate the lawyer's influence, or
the doctor's, but no one can tell how much of good follows a life spent as
were the best days of Mr. Avery. The most of us say things which in
cooler moments or with a more extended experience we might wish had
not been said. But Avery's life seemed rounded full from the first, leav-
ing nothing to be unsaid of all his words, nothing to regret, if memory, as
the shadowy angel drew near, reviewed before him the works of his past
life. His career in California commenced as editor of a small interior
paper. His abilities drew him up step by step until he controlled for
many years the foremost journal of California. His final reward was his
appointment as Minister to China — an appointment which the whole
coast endorsed. While yet a young man he has been called away — sum-
moned to that court where Love and Peace and Mercy are the am-
bassadors. There will gather around his memory thousands of sorrow-
ing hearts, and the epitaph which the whole coast will join in writing for
him will be: "Here lies one who was gifted without being proud; brave
and strong and true without being aggressive; pure and good without
being ostentatious. One whose highest dream was to do his duty; whose
highest wish was to glorify his country and make happier his country-
men; who bore his life as though it were but a trust bestowed upon him
to use for the welfare of his fellow men, and to be returned upon call."
Territorial Enterprise, Virginia City, Nevada, December I®*, 1875.



[116]



SAMUEL PUTNAM AVERY»

TJEDIGREE connection with Richard ParkS who came to
-^ Cambridge, Mass., in 1635.

1. Great-grandfather, Richard Park^ born in England, 1602. Died
in Newton, Mass., 1665. Came over in the ship Defence and arrived at
Boston, Mass., October 3'''', 1635. Great-grandmother, Margery (Crane?)
Park, born in England, 1595. Died in Plymouth, Mass.

2. Great-grandfather, Thomas Park^ born in England, 1629. Died
in Cambridge, Mass., August ii*'^, 1690. Great-grandmother, Abigail
(Dix) Park, born in Watertown, Mass. Died in Cambridge, Mass.,
February 3""^, 1691.

3. Great-grandfather, John Park', born in Cambridge, Mass., Sep-
tember 6*^ 1656. Died in Cambridge, Mass., March 21^*, 1718. Great-
grandmother, Elizabeth (Miller) Park, born . Died .

4. Great-grandfather, Joseph Park^ born in Newton, Mass., March
12*^ 1705. Died in Westerly, R. I., March i^*, 1777. Great-grand-
mother, Abigail (Greene) Park, born in Westerly, R. I., 1703. Died in
Westerly, R. I., October 19*^ 1772.

5. Great-grandfather, Benjamin Park^ born in Westerly, R. I.,
November i^*, 1735. Died at Bunker Hill (.?) June 17*^, 1775. Great-
grandmother, Hannah Stanton (York) Park, born in Westerly, R. I.,
June i^*, 1739. Died December, 1800.

6. Great-grandfather, Benjamin Parked born in Charlestown, R. I.,
September i6*^ 1765. Died in New York August 5**^, 1807. Great-
grandmother, Susanna Maria (Keens) Parke, born in New York De-
cember 2°^ 1776. Died'in New York February I7*^ 1807.

7. Grandfather, Samuel Putnam Avery^ born in New York, January
l^S 1797. Died in New York July 24**^, 1832. Grandmother, Hannah
Anne (Parke'^), born in New York April 24*^, 1804. Died in Jersey City,
N. J., June 26^^, 1888. Avery Family, p. 68.

8. Father, Samuel Putnam Avery^ born in New York March 17*^
1822. Died in New York August 1 1*\ 1904. Mother, Mary Ann (Ogden)
Avery, born in New York December i^*, 1825. Died in Hartford, Conn.,
April 29*^, 191 1.

9. Samuel Putnam Avery' was born in Brooklyn, N. Y., October y***,
1847.



[117]



A SHORT NARRATION OF FACTS

Concerning
Mr. RICHARD WARREN

Mayfiower Passenger
1620

AND HIS FAMILY CONNECTIONS
WITH THOMAS LITTLE, 1630



AUTHORITIES CITED

For the following records of the Richard Warren and Thomas
Little families in America see:

Avery Family Genealogy, pp. iii, 112, 116, 117, 118, 122.

Bradford's History "Of Plimoth Plantation," pp. 532-537.

Cheever's The Journal of the Pilgrims at Plymouth, pp. 27-42.

Davis' Ancient Landmarks of Plymouth, pp. 99, 138, etc.

Freeman's History of Cape Cod, Vol. I, p. 65.

Goodwin's Plymouth Republic, pp. 34-68, etc.

Haxton's Signers of the Mayflower Compact, Vol. I, p. 21.

Mayflower Descendants, Vols. II, III, IV, XV.

Morton's New Eyigland's Memorial, 1826, pp. 38-44, 135.

Plymouth Colony Records, Vol. I, pp. 18-54, ^tc.

Plymouth Colony Wills, Vol. Ill, p. 40.

Plymouth Deeds, Vol. II, p. 12.

Pope's Pioneers of Massachusetts, p. 288.

Richards' History of Marshfield, Massachusetts, Vol. II, p. 76.

Roebling's Richard Warren of the Mayflower, p. 6.

Russell's Guide to Plymouth, pp. 46, 131, 138, 249.

Savage's Genealogical Dictionary of New England.

Thomas' Memorials of Marshfield, Massachusetts.

Vital Records of Scituate, Massachusetts, Vol. I, pp. 239, 240.



[121]



THE MAYFLOWER PILGRIMS

T TISTORY states that Cape Cod, Mass., was discovered by
-'■ -*■ Bartholomew Gosnold, an intrepid mariner from the west
of England, who sailed from Falmouth in Cornwall on the 26*'*
of March, 1602, in a small barque, the Concord, with thirty-two
men, for the coast known at that time as North Virginia. In-
stead of proceeding as was usual, by way of the Canaries and
West Indies, he kept as far north as the winds would permit, and
was, for aught that appears to the contrary, the first Englishman
who came in a direct course to this part of the American Con-
tinent.

In fact, it is not certain that any European had ever been
here before. Bancroft confidently asserts that Cape Cod was the
"first spot in New England ever trod by Englishmen." On the
14*'' of May, Gosnold made land and the next day found himself
"embayed with a mighty headland, which at first appeared like
an island by reason of the large sound that lay between it and
the main."

Near this Cape, "within a league of the land, he came to an-
chor, in fifteen fathoms," and his crew took a quantity of cod-
fish, from which circumstance he named the land Cape Cod.

This part of the country is next brought to public notice as the
first landing place of the pilgrims, who sailed from Plymouth,
England, September 6*'', 1620, in the Mayflower, commanded by
Captain Jones, and arrived in Cape Cod harbor November ii*^
1620 (old style).

It is said that the first act of the Pilgrims after their arrival

was to "fall on their knees and offer thanksgiving to God, who

brought them safe, and delivered them from so many perils."

After solemnly invoking the throne of Grace, they next proposed

[ 123 ]



that all the males that were of age should subscribe to a written
compact, which was probably the first instrument the world
ever saw, recognizing true republican principles, and entrusting
all powers in the hands of the majority, thus laying the founda-
tions of American liberty.

THE COMPACT

In the name of God, amen. We whose names are underwritten, the
loyal subjects of our dread sovereign, King James, by the grace of God,
of Great Britain, France and Ireland, King, defender of the faith, etc.,
having undertaken for the glory of God, and advancement of the Chris-
tian faith, and honor of our King and country, a voyage to plant the
first colony in the northern parts of Virginia, do by these presents,
solemnly and mutually, in the presence of God and of one another,
covenant and combine ourselves together into a civil body politic, for
our better ordering and preservation and furtherance of the ends afore-
said; and by virtue hereof, do enact, constitute, and frame such just and
equal laws, ordinances, acts, constitutions, and offices, from time to
time, as shall be thought most meet and convenient for the general good
of the colony, unto which we promise all due submission and obedience.

In witness whereof, we have hereunder subscribed our names, at
Cape Cod, the ii*'' day of November, in the year of the reign of our sov-
ereign lord. King James of England, France, and Ireland, the eighteenth,
and of Scotland the fifty-fourth. Anno Domini, 1620.



THE SIGNERS





Number in






family




I


Mr. John Carver* . .


8


15


2


Mr. William Bradford*


2


16


3


Mr. Edward Winslow*


5


17


4


Mr. William Brewster*


6


i8


5


Mr. Isaac Allerton* . .


6


19


6


Capt. Miles Standish* .


2


20


7


John Alden


I


21


8


Mr. Samuel Fuller . .


2


22


9


Mr. Christopher Martin*


4


23


10


Mr. William Mullins* .


5


24


11


Mr. William White*. .


5


25


12


Mr. Richard Warren .




26


13


John Rowland ....




27


14


Mr. Stephen Hopkins*


8


28






[^


24]



Number in
family

Edward Tilley* 4

John Tilley 3

Francis Cooke 2

Thomas Rogers 2

Thomas Tinker* .... 3

John Ridgdale* . . . . ' 2

Edward Fuller* 3

John Turner 3

Francis Eaton* 3

James Chilton* 3

John Crackston 2

John Billington* .... 4

Moses Fletcher i

John Goodman i



Number in Number in

family family

Richard Clarke I

Richard Gardiner .... i

John Allerton I

Thomas English I

Edward Dotey

Edward Leister



29 Degory Priest i 36

30 Thomas Williams .... i 37

31 Gilbert Winslow .... i 38

32 Edmund Margeson . . . i 39

33 Peter Brown i 40

34 Richard Butteridge . . . i 41

35 George Soule

Those marked * brought their wives; those in italics were in their graves
before the end of March. Of the one hundred and one EngHsh settlers, were
twenty females accompanying their husbands, and forty-two children and serv-
ants. Freeman's History of Cape Cod, Vol. I., p. 65.



[125]



RICHARD WARREN^

T>ICHARD WARRENS of Greenwich County, Kent, Eng-
•*-^ land, sailed from Plymouth in the Mayflower, September 6'^
1620, and arrived in Cape Cod harbor November 11*^ (old style).
His wife Elizabeth arrived in the Ann,* late in July, 1623, with
her five daughters: Mary^, Ann^, Sarah^ Elizabeth^, and Abigail.

Mr. Richard Warren; but his wife and children were left behind
and came afterwards. Mr. Richard Warren lived some 4 or 5 years and
had his wife over to him, by whom he had 2 sons, before dyed, and one
of them is maryed and hath 2 children, so his increase is 4.

But he had 5 daughters more come over with his wife, who are all
married and living and have many children. Bradford's History of
Plimoth Plantations.

Richard Warren was from London and joined the Leyden Pilgrims
in July, 1620, at Southampton, where the Mayflower and the Speedwell
first set sail for America. He was married in England, before 161 1, to

Elizabeth ? whose maiden name is unknown and had by her five

daughters: Mary, Anna, Sarah, Elizabeth and Abigail, who were left in
England and came to Plymouth, with their mother, in 1623.

Nothing is known of his life before he joined the Pilgrims on the May-
flower and there are very few references to him in the Plymouth Colony
Records, or the works of contemporary writers, doubtless owing to his
early death in 1628.

It will be seen, by referring to the "Compact," that Richard Warren
was one of the eleven designated by Bradford, by the title of "Mr.," of the
forty-one signers.

Wednesday, November 15*^ "sixteen men were sent out with every
man his musket, sword, and corselet, under the command of Captain
Miles Standish to explore the country."

After wandering about the land for several days, discovering the
Indians, finding corn and fresh water, they returned to their vessel.
They made other explorations, but not deeming the place good to settle

* "This vessel {^Ann) of 146 tons, arrived late in July and brought about 96
passengers."

[126]



in, they sailed to Plymouth, landing there December 20*'', 1620, and
began a settlement. Avery Genealogy, pp. iii-ii8.

The Journal of the Pilgrims says: "Richard Warren was one of the
three from London, and one of the ten principal men, who, with Captain
Standish, two mates, one gunner and three Saylers, set out in the shallop,*
6^^ December, 1620, on their final trip of discovery, and vf\\o first landed
on the Rock, in Plymouth.

"There were seven children, five daughters coming from England with
their mother, and two sons, born in Plymouth, Nathaniel^ and Joseph*.
The five daughters married respectively, Bartlett, Little, Cook, Church,
and Osborne." Morton s New England Memorial, 1826.

"Richard Warren stands at the head of the 9**^ share in the division
of cattle in 1627. His location of lands was near the Eel river, and the
farm is still possessed by his descendants." Prince in his Chronology
says: "1628, this year dies Mr. Richard Warren, a useful instrument
and bore a deep share in the difficulties attending the first settlement of
New Plymouth."

Plymouth Colony Record says: "Mistress Elizabeth Warren, an aged
widdow, aged above 90 years, deceased on the second day of October,
1673, whoe haveing lived a Godly life, came to her grave as a shoke of
corn fully ripe."



CHILDREN

I Mary^ married, 1628, Robert Bartlett, born in England, 1603, who
came in the Ann, July, 1623. They had two sons and six daughters. He
was one of the first purchasers of Dartmouth, and died, 1676, aged seventy-
three.

n Ann2,t married, 19*^^ April, 1633, Thomas LittleS who came from
England to Plymouth in 1630. He was a lawyer, and his coat of arms
is still preserved at the old homestead, in the house of Luther Little at
Sea View, Mass., formerly known as Littletown. See forzvard.

HI Sarah^ married, March 28*\ 1634, John Cooke, son of Francis
and Esther Cooke, who came with his father in the Mayflower, 1620, was
old enough to be taxed in 1636, as high as his father and had four chil-
dren living in 1650. He was ten times a deputy from Plymouth and
many times a deacon. Removed and was minister of Dartmouth, 1676,
of which he was one of the first purchasers and representative in 1673.
He was living, 1694, the oldest survivor, perhaps, of the male passengers
in the Mayflower.

* "A sloop rigged craft of twelve to fifteen tons, which they had brought be-
tween decks, having been obliged to take her partly to pieces for storage." Pilgrim
Republic.

t Plymouth Colony Wills, III, i, 40.

[127]



IV Elizabeth*, married, 1636, Richard Church, born 1608, came over
in 1630, admitted a freeman of Plymouth Colony, October 4*'', 1632. He
was a carpenter, and one of the designers and builders of the first regular
church edifice at Plymouth. To them in 1639 a little Benjamin was
born, who became a colonel and was famous in the Indian wars. In
1642 the court employed him to make a gun carriage for the fort. He
was made a local magistrate and represented his town in the Plymouth
legislature. In 1649 he sold some land at Eel River to Robert Bartlett (his
brother-in-law) for £25, and took for £8. 10. o. a red ox called "Mouse."
He died in Dedham, December, 1668. She died in Hingham, 4**^ March,
1670.

V Abigails married, 1639, Anthony Snow, of Plymouth, 1638, in
Marshfield, 1643. He was representative, after 1656, for twenty years.
They had five children.

VI NathanieP, married, November 19*^ 1645, Sarah Walker, who
was the granddaughter of Jane Collier,* but it is not known who were her
parents. He died at Plymouth, 1667, between July 16*^ and October
21'*. She died in 1700.

VII Josephs married, 165 1, Priscilla Faunce, daughter of John and
Patience (Morton) Faunce, and sister of the famous elder, Thomas


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Online LibrarySamuel Putnam AveryThe Avery, Fairchild & Park families of Massachusetts, Connecticut & Rhode Island, with a short narration of facts concerning Mr. Richard Warren, Mayflower passenger, and his family connections with T → online text (page 10 of 12)