Samuel Putnam Avery.

The Avery, Fairchild & Park families of Massachusetts, Connecticut & Rhode Island, with a short narration of facts concerning Mr. Richard Warren, Mayflower passenger, and his family connections with T online

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In the name of God, Amen. The thirtiette day of March in the Eight-
eenth yere of the raign of our Soveraine Lord Charles, by the grace of
God of England, Scotland, and Ireland, Kings, defenders of the faith,
Ann° Domini one Thousand six hundred forty-two. I, Robert Avery, of
Wokingham in the countie of Berks, blacksmith, being in perfect memory,
praised be Almighty God, doe disannull, recall and make void all former

* William AveryI of Congresburie (brother of Robert Averyi), had six sons:
Thomas^, William^ Richard^ Giles^, Jacob^ and John^ and died 1585.

William- had daughter Jane' and son Joseph^.

Jacob^ had seven children: Joseph', Benjamin', Christian', Samuel', Hester',
Benjamin', Annah', and died Feb. i^*, 1643.

JoHN^ had four children: Sarah', John', William', and Joane'.

Joseph' (Jacob^ W™^) had one son Joseph^: Merchant of London.

Samuel' (Jacob^ W°^') of Havidge and Enfield and Merchant of London, per
London "Notes and Queries," May 20**^, 1871, was sheriff of London, 1647, and
the Alderman Avery, who joined in the Acti, May 30*^, 1649, proclaiming the aboli-
tion of kingly government. He was commissioner, for sundry city ordinances about
1645, and the State Paper Office contains letters from him dated from Hamburg
and addressed to Lord Digbye and Sir Thomas Rowe, Jan. 12**^, 1643-4. He had
one daughter, KatharineS b. 1622, and one son Dudley^.

Dudley* of Streatly, Berkshire, Eng., had: Dudley^ Allen^ Samuel^ William^
Catharine\ Mirabella^ Christian^ Barsheba^.

"The parish of Streatly is in Moreton Hundred, Berkshire, S^i miles south by
west of Wallingford, on the west bank of the Thames."

Gazetteer, 184 1.


wills and Testam*^ weiche in writing or other wais. And doe make this
my last will and Testament in manner and forme followinge. That is
to say,

First. I doe bequeathe my soule unto God, my creator and redeemer.
And my body to be decently buried at the discretion of my executors and
overseers, and as touching my landes wherein I have estate, my will is as
followeth: If it happens Joane, my wif survive and ou*live me, my will
is, I give and bequeath unto the said Joane, my now wiff, all that mes-
suage or Tenement in the w^ I now dwell, with the barns, Stables and
houses, orchards, garden, w^ appurtenances and the close of avable or
pastur thereunto belonging, and next adioninge (adjoining), known and
called by the name of Lower dowles, allis little dowles, conteyning two
akers more or less. And also another parcell of land, great dowles, allis
upper dowles, lyinge and being in the p'ish of Wokingham and Countie
of Berks, aforesaid, containing sixteen akers more or less, all of which
said House and landes, I bought and purchased of Richard Windgate of
Long Sutton Co South *° yeoman, during the terme of her naturall life,
if she shall so long keep herselfe a widdow and unmarried, and after the
death or marriage of the said Joane, my now wif, which of them shall first
happen, my will is, and I doe give and bequeathe unto William Avery,
my eldest sonne, all that my p'cell of land called great dowles, allis upper
dowles aforesaid, to remain unto him and to his heirs forever. Item, that
after the death or marriage of the said Joane, my now wifF w^'^ever of
them shall happen, I doe give and bequeathe unto Robert Avery, my
youngest son, all that my messuage in the which I now dwell with the
appurtenances and the close aforesaid thereunto belonging and next ad-
iogning, to remain unto him and his heirs forever.

Item. I doe give and bequeathe unto Frances Avery, my daughter,
the sum of twenty pounds to be paid unto her within two years, next
after my decease which said some of 2o£ my will is, shall be paid by my
executors, and to be raised out of that p'cell of land called upper dowles,
allis great dowles. Item. I doe give and bequeathe (the some of five
pounds) ? unto Roger Irelande the younger, eldest sonne of Roger Ire-
lande of Hurst, weaver, w^ said some of 5£ my will is, shall be paid at his
age of one and twenty years, by the said Robert Avery, my youngest
sonne, heirs, executors and Administrators if the said Roger shall so long

Item. My will is that all the debts I now owe or shall ow, at the time
of my decease shall be paid by my executors (and no pt throf be laid upon
my son Robert, other than the five £ aforesaid) and that all such debts
and funerell expenses shall be raised out of my stock of goods and chattels
and the residue of all my goods and chattels, my debts and funerell
charges first deducted and my legacies paid, I doe give and bequeathe
'^'^to Joane my said wif, and unto William my sonne equally to be
divided whom also I doe ordeine and make my executors ioyntly and

And I doe entreat and earnestly request my loving friends Thomas


Champion of Barkham * and Andrew Avery of East Hampstead both
in Berks, overseers of this my last will and testam* to whom I give and
bequeath the some of five shillings apiece, to be paid to them w'° three
months next after my decease. In witness whereof I have set my seal
and enscribed unto both Sheetes in the p'tes of provided all wais that if
my eldest sonne WilHam Avery shall and doe well and truly pay or cause
to be paid unto my sonne Robert Avery, the full some of Threescore
pounds of lawful english money w'"^ three years next after the Decease
of me and Joane my now wif, by twenty pounds a year for three years
yearly, that then it shall be lawful to and for my said sonne William
Avery (with?) the messuage Tenemen*^ and their appurtenances w"^ in
the close or parcell thereunto belonging called lower Dowles, alis little
dowles (being?) by these (pates?) given unto my youngest sonne Robert to
enter, possess and enjoy. And I doe give and bequeathe the said p'mesis
unto my said sonne (Wm?) and his heirs forever, and any thinge hearin
not w'^standing.

Witness Giles Boulders Ann Boulders d u j ^

Proved is^Mune 1644 (Signed.)

* Parish of Barkham, Berks, is in Charlton Hundred, and 5 miles So. West of
Wokingham. Acres 1415. Population 248 in 1841. Houses 36 in 183 1. Pari.
Gazr. 1 84 1.



THE house was probably built in Dedham, Mass., as early as
165 1 by William Avery^ who was "admitted Townesman"
on January i^S 1650-1. The buildings were taken down in 1885.

The ancient white oak tree, undoubtedly much older than the
settlement of the town, is still standing and belongs to the Dedham
Historical Society. It measures, 1918, five feet from the ground,
a few inches over sixteen feet in circumference, while a line drawn
around the base on the ground measures twenty-seven feet six
inches, and the longest branch extends over the ground fifty feet
from the trunk.

This tree was fitly selected as the centerpiece of the town seal
and as "the symbol of age & strength as well as of present life &


1650 Dedham Branch 1919


T X 7E now take up the record of our earliest ancestor in America,
^ ^ who crossed the Atlantic in 1650, and cast in his lot with
the settlers of the town of Dedham, Mass., bringing with him his
wife, Margaret, and three children, from the parish of Barkham,
County of Berkshire, England. Of these three children born in
Barkham we make special mention, as there is a certified copy of
the certificates of their baptisms in Mr. W. T. Avery's possession
signed by the rector of the parish.

"1645. Mary Avery, the daughter of Margaret and William Avery,
was baptized the IQ*'^ of December. 1647. William the jonni? of William
and Margaret Avery, was baptized the seven and twentieth day of October.

1649. Robert Avery, y® somie of William and Margaret Avery, bap-
tized the vii*'* of December.

I, Arthur Roberts, rector of Barkham, certify the above to be a true
copy of the Baptism Register of the said parish. Extracted this 15*^ day
of March in the year of our Lord, 1880. By me.

(Signed) Arthur Roberts."

William Avery* was born in England, 1622. Died, Boston, March IS^\
1686. His wife, Margaret, was born in England. Died, Dedham,
September 28*1', 1678. Other children were born to William and Margaret
Avery after they took up their life in Dedham. The complete list is as
follows : —


I Mary\ baptized December 19'^ 1645, in Barkham, England.
Married, November 5"S 1666, James Tisdale, of Taunton, Mass., born
1644. She died September 9t^ 1713. He died January 15*1', 1715.

II William^, baptized October 27*1', 1647, in Barkham, England.
Married, September 21^*, 1673, Mary Lane, of Maiden, Mass., born 1652.
He died December 15*^, 1708. She died October 11* 1681. They had
four children.


III Robert^ baptized December 7*^, 1649, in Barkham, England.
Married, April 3'''^, 1677, Elizabeth Lane,* of Maiden, Mass., born 1655.
He died October 3'''^, 1722. She died October 21^*, 1746. They had six
children. See forward.

IV Jonathan^, born May 26'^ 1653, Dedham. Married, July 22°^
1679, Sybil Sparhawkjt of Cambridge, born "about 1655." He died
September 14*^ 1694. She died August 6*\ 1708. They had four

V Rachel^ born September 20*\ 1657, Dedham. Married, May 22°^,
1677, William Sumner, of Boston, born February 9*\ 1656. She died
soon. He died July 20*\ 1703, Middletown, Conn.

VI Hannahs born September 27*^\ 1660, Dedham. Married, May
22°"^, 1677, Benjamin Dyar, of Boston. She died September 15*^ 1678.

VII EbenezerS born November 24*^ 1663, Dedham. Died before
1683, as he is not mentioned in his father's will.

As, William Avery was one of the earliest settlers in the tov/n
of Dedham (1650), only fifteen years after its incorporation,
and made that his home till his removal to Boston about 1680,
leaving the homestead to be occupied till nearly the present day
by his descendants, it seems fitting that a sketch of the settle-
ment and incorporation of the town should be given in these
pages. Although Dr. William took up his residence the latter
part of his life in Boston, he continued to show his interest in
Dedham, and in an especial manner to the cause of education
there, showing him to have been a man nofonly liberal with his
purse, but thoughtful, and solicitous for the best interests of the
community he had left.

* Elizabeth (Lane) Avery died in 1746, leaving five children, thirty grand-
children, fifty-two great grandchildren, and two great, great grandchildren.

t Mr. W. R. Deane says: "There was a large Parchment Deed of Thomas
Graves of Charlestown, Physician, and Sybil (Avery) his wife, and Dorothy Avery,
Spinster, the only two daughters of Jonathan Avery, of Dedham, deceased, who
sell to Wm. Avery of Dedham, blacksmith, for £250, house and land in Dedham,
4th April, 1710.

Witnesses. Signed.

Eleazer Thos. Graves,

William Bullard, Sybil! Graves,

Robert Ward. Dorothy Avery."

Recorded, Suffolk, 1765, book 106 (or 156), page 256.



T7IFTEEN years after the Pilgrims landed on Plymouth Rock,
-*- and five years after the landing of Gov. Winthrop and his
colony in Boston, the General Court of the Colony of Massachu-
setts Bay, on the 3rd day of September, 1635 (old style), the
same day that Concord was incorporated, "ordered that there
shall be a plantation settled about two myles above the falls of
Charles Ryver in the north-east syde thereof to have ground
lying to it on both sydes the ryver, both upland and meadow, to
be layde out hereafter as the Court shall appoint." This was the
beginning of the settlement, and it was the desire of the first
settlers that the town should be called Contentment. The first
two recorded meetings, Aug. 18*^ and 29*^^, 1636, were headed
"Contentment." The name was afterwards erased by a line
drawn across it, and the name "Dedham" written over. It has
been usually understood in neighboring towns that the name was
chosen in memory of the town by the same name in England,
but we find no allusion to this fact in records which we have

At any rate, it is evident that these settlers proposed to have
their new town a model for good order and peace. It seems also
that they made a point in regard to the practice of religion, by
the following covenant, which all who wished to settle there were
required to sign.


I. We, whose names ar here vnto subscribed, doe, in the feare and
Reverence of our Almightie God, mutually: and severally p'mise amongst
our selves and each to other to p'fFesse and practice one trueth according
to that most p'rfect rule, the foundation where of is Everlasting Love;


2. That we shall by all means Laboure and keepe of from us all such
as ar contrarye minded. And receave only such vnto vs as be such as
may be p'bably of one harte, with vs as that we either knowe or may well
and truely informed to walke in a peaceable conversation with all meeke-
ness of spirit for the edification of each other in the knowledge and faith
of the Lord Jesus; and the mutual encouragem't vnto all Temporall com-
forts in all things; seeking the good of each other out of all which may be
derived true Peace.

3. That if at any time difference shall arise betv/een p'ties of our said
Towne, that then such p'tie and p'ties shall p'sently Referre all such
difference vnto som one, 2 or 3, others of our said Societie to be fully ac-
corded and determined without any further delay if it possibly may bee;

4. That every man that now or at any time heere after shall have Lots
in our said Town, shall pay his share in all such rates of money, and
charges as shall be imposed vpon him Rateably in p'portion with other
men. As allso become freely subject vnto all such orders and constitu-
tions as shall be necessariely had or made, now or at any time heere after
from this day fore warde, as well as for Loveing and comfortable Societie,
in our said Towne as allso for the p'perous and thriveing Condicion of our
said fellowshipe, especially respecting the feare of God in which we de-
sire to begine and continue what so ever shall by his Loveing favoure
take in hand.

5. And for the better manifestion of our true resolution heere in,
every man so receaved; to subscribe here vnto his name there by oblieg-
ing both himself and his successors after him for ever as we have done.

This Covenant was "with one accord agreed upon at the first recorded
Meeting of the Dedham Proprietors, August 16**^, 1636. It is in the
handwriting of Edward Alleyn & was originally signed by 19 persons
present at the meeting" and by 106 "those others after the meeting was
dissolved." Dedham Historical Records, Vol. II, p. 153.

Edward Alleyn, who had charge of the Records for two years, was
"deceased the 8 of y^ 7 m° 1642. There is no record of his birth. Dedham
Historical Records, Vol. I, p. 29.

In 1636 a burial place was set apart and for nearly a century was
the only one in town. Here are the graves of many of the early
ministers and founders of Dedham, and a walk through the grounds
shows many stones of great historical interest, many of which
bear the name of Avery.

The original limits of the town comprised the present towns of
Dedham, Medfield, Walpole, Wrentham, Needham, Wellesley,
Dover, Norwood, Norfolk, Franklin, most of Bellingham, and
parts of Natick, Hyde Park, and of West Roxbury, and for a short
time the territory forming Millis formed a part of Dedham under

a subsequent grant. A large part of the settlers went from Water-
town to the new town, and in 1638 there were settled thirty-eight

The men who thus early formed the town of Dedham were
most, if not all, men who had fled from England to find a land
where they could enjoy religious rights. The first meeting for
public worship was held under one of several great trees which
stood near what is now the center of Dedham Village, but in 1638
measures were taken to build a meeting-house.

The first schoolhouse was built of logs in 1648, ten years after
the meeting-house was erected. Its cost was about £12, and the
salary of the schoolmaster who first taught there was £20 per

An almshouse was not found necessary till the year 1773, at
which time the town erected one "on the westerly part of the
training ground."

By the Dedham church records, we find that "William Avery &
his wife Margaret were admitted into the church 16*'' 12*^ mo.
(Feb.) 1650." This, without doubt, marked an event that oc-
curred quite near the date of their settlement. In the same year
the town records make the following statement:

"It was granted unto W™ Avery, to set his shoppe in the highway in
the east street, the west side of his shoppe to extend in front line of his
house, next his house, provided that he lays down so much land on the
east side of the said ways — as the same is straightened by this said
shopp, at such time as the towne shall require the same, always provided
that whensoever the said shopp shall be no longer used for a Smythe's
shoppj by the said WilHam at any time hereafter then it shall be re-
moved out of the highway, if the town shall require the same." (Y® 15*''
of y® I mo. 1650.)

In the year 1669 we find William Avery designated in the
records as Sergt. William Avery, and with others, sent as Deputy
to the General Court.

In 1675 he was, with several prominent men, appointed by the
court to examine Indians who were suspected of some base designs
against the English, and in connection with this entry in the town
book of records, he is first given the title of Dr.

Dr. William was one of the original proprietors, who, in 1670,
took possession of 8000 acres of land at Deerfield (then called
Pocumptuck), granted to the town of Dedham in lieu of 2000 acres,
taken from the town by the General Court for the Indians at

Twenty-eight years after their arrival and settlement in America,
having lived all this time in Dedham, Margaret, wife of Dr. Wil-
liam, died. The date of her death, per Dedham Records, was
Sept. 28*^ 1678, and soon after he removed to Boston. Dr.
Ebenezer Alden, President of Norfolk District Medical Society,
at its annual meeting, May IO*^ 1853, on the subject of the Early
History of the Medical Profession in the County of Norfolk,
Mass., thus spoke of him:

"Dr. William Avery was the earliest educated physician, who
is known to have taken up his residence in Dedham. He appears
to have been well educated, a man of benevolence, and especially
a patron of learning, etc." "It is known that in his life he made
liberal donations to various public charities, among which was one
to the college at Cambridge."

That he did not forget the town which had been the place of
his many years' residence, is seen by the following extract from
the "History of Dedham," by Worthington, page 36:

"Capt. Daniel Fisher and Ensign Fuller report that Dr. WiUiam
Avery, now (1680) of Boston, but formerly of the Dedham church, out
of entire love of his Church and Town, freely gives into their hands,
sixty pounds, for a Latin school, to be ordered by the Selectmen and

After his removal to Boston, he became a bookseller, accord-
ing to the "History of Printing," by Thomas, Vol. II, p. 411, who
says, "William Avery was Bookseller, located near the Blue
Anchor,* in 1679."

* The Blue Anchor stood near the spot where the Transcript Building stood on
Washington Street, now occupied by the Globe newspaper office. See "Memorial
History of Boston," 1880, Vol. I, p. 510.

From the "History of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company of Massa-
chusetts,_i637-i888," by O. A. Roberts, Boston, 1895, Vol. I, p. 177.

"William Avery of Dedham, an apothecary and physician, was admitted a
citizen of that town January i^*, 1651. He was called Sergeant in 1655, was a


Dr. William married for his second wife, Mrs. Maria (Wood-
mansey) Tappin, daughter of Mr. Robert Woodmansey, and lived
only about six years afterward, dying on the i8*^ March, 1686,
aged about 65 years. His wife Maria died May 21^', 1707, aged
78. His tombstone stands in King's Chapel burial ground,
Boston, near and facing the middle of the raihng on Tremont
Street. On it is also inscribed the name of his widow, Maria.
It is likely that this stone does not stand where it was originally
placed, as a number of tombstones were taken up and set in a row
by some person, — a barbarism that should never have been

"His wife (Margaret) died September 28*^ 1678, & in 1679 he mar-
ried Mrs. Maria Tappin, widow of John Tappin, of Boston, to which
place he removed, & took charge of the book shop recently conducted
by Joseph Tappin, her son, to which he added an apothecary's depart-
ment, which is said to have been the first ever established in New Eng-
land. In 1679 he published a book the title of which reads: 'The Neces-
sity of pouring out the spirit from on High, etc' Boston: Printed by
John Foster, for William Avery near the sign of the Blew Anchor, 1679."
Littlefield's Early Boston Booksellers, 1642-1711, pp. 93, 94, 123, 180.


March 16*^, 1681/2

Gift to His Eldest Son, William^

Know all men by by these p'sents, that I, William Avery (Phistion &
Chirurgeon) Resident in Boston, in the county of SufFolke, in the Massa-
chusetts Collony in New England, upon good Considerations upon ac-
count of portion. Do hereby and herewith freely give, grant, & set out
to my beloved Eldest son William Avery (blacksmith) resident in Ded-
ham, in y^ County of Suffolke aforesaid — Do for me, my Heyers, &
Sucessers, fully freely & absolutely give unto my say^ son William Avery

Lieutenant of the Company at Dedham in 1673, and was admitted freeman in 1677.
He was the Bookseller mentioned by Thomas in his History, Vol. II, p. 411, whose
will is in the probate records; he represented Springfield in the Legislature of 1669.
He died at Boston, March 18**^, 1686-87, aged about sixty-six years, and was
buried in Dedham, in the ancient burial place. Range XIV, No. 29, or later in
King's Chapel burial ground, both places recording his burial." From the same
work there is also this foot-note: "William Avery (1650). Authorities, New
Eng^ Hist., and General Register, 1847. King's Chapel burial ground by Tho's
Bridgman, Boston, 1853. Savage's Gen'l Die*; Dedham Register, 1892, p. 159.
Dedham Records, Vol. II, p. 277, Vol. Ill, pp. 179, 221. Sewall papers, Vol. I,
p. 170. Dr. Wm. Avery Dyes, March 18*'*, 1686-7."


& to his Heyers, Executo''% Administrato", and Assigns forever, those
two house lotts in Dedham, which was granted by the sayd towne to
Francis Austin & WilHam Bearstoe, as they lye adjoyneing together in
that part of Dedham Towne called East street, as the sayd lotte lyeth by
& an bounded & abutteth upon the great Highway or Street towards the
west & upon the land of John Fayerbanke sen^ & y® land of Jonathan
fFayerbanks towards the South & east and upon the land that I pur-
chased of Mr. Dwight towards the East, & upon the land of my son Jona-
than Avery towards the North, and also all the houses, buildings,
orchards & emprovements upon the sayd Land. More, one parcell of
woodland, the quantyty being more or less, the same I bought of Mr.
Timothy Dwight as it Lyeth by & abutteth upon the aforesayd Land,
and upon the lot or land of Jonathan Avery towards the west & upon
the land of Thomas Herring towards the North, & upon the Mill Creek
towards the east and abutteth upon the land of Jonathan ffayerbank
towards the South — More, one parcell of meadow and upland as it
lyeth in east street aforesayd, near the house lot or land aforesayd, as it
lyeth by & is bounded and abutteth upon the aforesayd Highway or
street towards the east, right agaynst the afore^ay'd land & abutting
upon the land of John fFayerbanks towards the south & upon the little
River towards the west and upon the meadow & upland of Jonathan
. Avery towards the North according to the ditch & fence as it is now de-
vided & fenced — More, nine acres of upland more or less as it lyeth
together in Dedham aforesayd near unto south meadow a part thereof I
purchased of Thomas Battelle, the remaynder thereof was granted unto
me by the Town of Dedham, the true bounds & abuttments of the whole
parcel acording as it is described in the book of Grants or Records of the
Town of Dedham — More, eight acres of meadow, more or less, as it
lyeth in Dedham aforesayd in that meadow called Rock meadow, as it
lyeth by & is bounded and abutteth upon the meadow that was Deacon
Henery Chickery^^ towards the North & upon Brook or small river that
runeth through rock meadow towards the east & South east, and abutteth

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Online LibrarySamuel Putnam AveryThe Avery, Fairchild & Park families of Massachusetts, Connecticut & Rhode Island, with a short narration of facts concerning Mr. Richard Warren, Mayflower passenger, and his family connections with T → online text (page 2 of 12)