Samuel Putnam Avery.

The Avery, Fairchild & Park families of Massachusetts Connecticut & Rhode Island : with a short narration of facts concerning Mr. Richard Warren Mayflower passenger and his family connections with Thomas Little online

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Online LibrarySamuel Putnam AveryThe Avery, Fairchild & Park families of Massachusetts Connecticut & Rhode Island : with a short narration of facts concerning Mr. Richard Warren Mayflower passenger and his family connections with Thomas Little → online text (page 10 of 12)
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while he prided himself on saying all he had to say on a given subject in
the briefest possible way. His notelets became famous, and a friend of
the writer has told of many such being preserved by him because they
were too clever and quaintly humorous to throw away.

One can see him now seated at his desk in his library (which was in


the front room of the second story of his house), opening his morning mail
from correspondents almost all over the globe, giving advice here, or-
dering bool:s there, writing kindly notes to various people who were dis-
couraged about their failures, and always preserving the equipoise and
kindliness which were so characteristic of himself m all that he wrote.
His letters, i£ published, would form a charming chronicle of art, life, and
thought in New York for the last fifty years. Evening PosU August 27*'',

Samuel Putnam Avery, one of the original Trustees of the Museum,
died on August ii***, 1904, after thirty-four years of continuous service.
The following resolutions were adopted by the Trustees:
The early founders of the Metropolitan Museum of Art have nearly
all passed away. Presidents Johnston, Marquand, and Rhinelander
have gone over to the majority. It now becomes our painful duty to
record upon our minutes the death of our late associate and friend,
Samuel Putnam Avery.

Mr. Avery was a member of the first board of trustees of the Museum
and was, until his death, one of its most useful, active, and intelligent
members. He brought to the service of the Museum a large experience
in the world of art, a mind enriched by travel and trained by the ob-
•ervation and study of the world's famous collections. His conscientious
devorion to all his duties was remarkable. His business brought him in
frequent contact with the great painters of the last half century, both at
home and abroad, and many of the best works of foreign masters passed
through his hands. After his retirement from business his activity was
continued in the several public institutions in which he was a hard-
working trustee.

Mr. Avery was also a most discriminating collector of porcelains,
bronzes, and other art objects, and of fine books. His library was small
but choice, and was rich in bindings, executed by the famous bibliopegists
of the present and former times. It is probable that Mr. Avery's name
will be best known and longest remembered by reason of his extraordinary
liberality (often concealed from public observation) both to individuals
and institutions. A large proportion of the books, prints, bronzes, etc.,
m The Grolier Club, were presented by him. In nearly all of the art
clubs of the' city will be found mementos of his thoughtful consideration,
and his gifts were not confined to this city alone. This Museum is in-
debted to Mr. Avery for a valuable collection of medals by Roty, and a
large number of paintings and art objects, and he was a constant con-
tributor to its library. In Mrs. Avery's name he enriched the Museum
with a large collection of rare and valuable antique silver spoons.

The bequest to the New York Public Library of 17,000 etchings, a
collection representing the patient and intelligent work of forty years,
shows how catholic Mr. Avery was in selecting art treasures and how
thoughtful he was for the public welfare in distributing them during his





lifetime. In memory of a daughter who died in 1893 Mr. Avery estab-
lished a library in the Teachers' College, giving his daughter's books, to
which he added many others.

The crowning glory of Mr. Avery's beneficence is the architectural
library presented to Columbia University in memory of his son, Henry
Ogden Avery, a talented young architect. Thi% library is said, upon
good authority, to be one of the best in this country on this special
subject. '

Mr. Avery was a friend to all good men. His regard for those favored
with his intimate acquaintance will always be a fragrant memory. An
hour spent in his company among the many attractive objects in his
private library was serenely enjoyable. He was a man of the highest
ideals, who placed character above all other attainments. As a well-
deserved recognition of his long and disinterested service, seventy-five
friends presented him with a gold medal on his seventy-fifth birthday.

His example will remain an inspiration for good deeds. He has made
the world better worth living in for those who come after him.

J. PiERPONT Morgan,
Metropolitan Museum of ArL


Wm. L. Andrews ^ Jno. L. Cadwalader

John Bicelow H. C. Fahnestock

Chas. Stewart Smith Edward D. Adams

Robert W. deForest Geo. A. Hearn

Whitelaw Reid Wm. Church Osborn

Elihu Root Frederick Dielman

Jno. S. Kennedy Chas. F. McKim

D. O. Mills Daniel C. French

Thirty-fifth annual report of the trustees of tht Metropolitan Museum of
Arty New York, 1905.



"DENJAMIN PARKE AVERY', second son of Samuel Put-
•^^ nam Avery and Hannah Anne (Parke') Avery, was bom in
New York November II*^ 1828. Married, November a?***,
1861, at San Francisco, Cal., Mary Ann Fuller, bom July 13**',
1827. He died November 8**», 1875, in Peking, China. She died
June g^\ 1913- There were no children.

The telegraphic announcement of Hon. B. P. Avery's death reached
here yesterday via the Atlantic, but we refrained from stating the fact
with the faint hope that the news might prove to be untrue. We were
unwilling to believe that our friend had been called away, notwithstand-
ing the known r^ages of the disease which for years held him in its toils
and caused him mental and bodily torture such as seldom falls to the lot
of man. His geniality and patience enabled him to bear more than others,
though his physical powers were never on a par with his master mind.
Benjamin Parke Avery was bom and reared in New York, and obtained
the groundwork of his education in the public schools of that city. He
was for a while engaged in printing and engraving in New York, but
from the time of leaving school was a hard student. He was studious
from the first and a regular visitor to the bookstores. In 1849, at the
age of nineteen years, he sailed for San Francisco via Cape Horn, and
upon his arrival here engaged in mining with indifferent success. He
often said that some of the happiest moments of his life were spent in the
mining camps of Nevada, Yuba, Trinity and Siskiyou, and many were the
entertaining anecdotes he would relate of his mining experience. Nature
never intended him for the hardships appertaining to placer mining in
those days, and he wisely changed his pursuit and established a drug-
store at North San Juan, Nevada County. Subsequently he established
the San Juan PresSt which under his administration became one of the
best country papers of the state. The hearts of the people in this little
camp warmed towards him, as was always the case in every community
that was favored with his presence, and it was with sincere regret that
they saw him leave for Marysville. In the latter city he started the
Marysville Appeal, in connection with Noah Brooks, now of the New
York Timesy and the paper soon attracted attention for its ability and
fairness. Afterwards he held the position of State Printer for two years,


having been elected by the Republicans. In 1873-4 he was the Legisla-
tive correspondent for the Bulletin and soon thereafter entered the edi-
torial rooms of that journal, first performing the duties of the city editor
and a few months later occupying a position as one of the leading editorial
writers. It was in the latter capacity that he especially distinguished

Although debarred from a collegiate course he possessed a knowledge
of the classics such as seldom falls to the lot of graduates. In science,
literature, and art he was remarkably well versed, and it was often said
of him that he could take any topic of the day and treat it with singular
ability and thoroughness and surprising dispatch. He appealed to the
good sense and the honor of the public, in dealing with public questions,
and won adherents for the right measures where others would have failed.
He was eloquent, persuasive, candid. He was conscientious in thought
and deed. He endeared himself to his associates by countless deeds of
kindness and self-sacrifice. No one could come in contact with him with-
out realizing his goodness of heart. We are saying nothing new to the
people of California, for we know that his reputation as a man of sterling
worth has reached every city, town, and hamlet, in the state. Year after
year great bronzed, bearded miners dropped into the BulUiin editorial
rooms to see their old friend "Ben Avery," as they were wont to call
him, and he was proud of their friendship. - ^

After nine years of hard work upon the Bulletin Mr. Avery reared on
account of ill-health and took to the mountains. In January, 1874, he
became editor of the Overland Monthly Magazine^ a position which he
held for six months, when he departed for China as United States Minister.
His diplomatic services in China were of great value to the Government,
and his record there, as elsewhere, was admirable in every respect. The
honorable and useful career of Mr. Avery has had few parallels in this
country. The pen that can do justice to the nobility of his character has
never been made. But we who knew the good man gone will waft our
benisons to his bier and cherish his memory. Daily Stock Report, San
Francisco, Cal., December, 1875.

The intelligence that Hon. Benjamin P. Avery, American Minister to
China, is dead, will cause sincere sorrow all over this coast. He was a
man in whom the graces of a brilliant mind were adorned and heightened
by a character absolutely pure. Many of us remember when his pen
marked a new departure in California journalism, and when the thought-
ful men of the coast asked, "Who is this writer, who can state truths
without being offensive, and can charm those even who disagree with
him by the beauty and purity of his diction?" There was nothing of
dash or bluster in Mr. Avery. His greatest happiness was in doing his
duty. The strength of his manhood was spent in trying to lift up the
thoughts and keep warm the patriotism of his countrymen by daily
counselling them in the right as he saw the right. Many a wanderer on


this coast is a better man because the words of Benjamin Avery reached
his heart at the right time. We can estimate the lawyer's influence, or
the doctor's, but no one can tell how much of good follows a life spent as
were the best days of Mr. Avery. The most of us say things which in
cooler moments or with a more extended experience we might wish had
not been said. But Avery's life seemed rounded full from the first, leav-
ing nothing to be unsaid of all his words, nothing to regret, if memory, as
the shadowy angel drew near, reviewed before him the works of his past
life. His career in California commenced as editor of a small interior
paper. His abilities drew him up step by step until he controlled for
. many years the foremost journal of Califbmia. His final reward was his
appointment as Minister to China — an appointment which the whole
coast endorsed. While yet a young man he has been called away — sum-
moned to that court where Love and Peace and Mercy are the am-
bassadors. There will gather around his memory thousands of sorrow-
ing hearts, and the epitaph which the whole coast will join in writing for
him will be: "Here lies one who was gifted without being proud; brave
and strong and true without being aggressive; pure and good without
being ostentatious. One whose highest dream was to do his duty; whose
highest wish was to glorify his country and make happier his country-
men; who bore his life as though it were but a trust bestowed upon him
to use for the welfare of his fellow men, and to be returned upon calL"
Titritorial Entet^rise, Virginia City, Nevada, December i**, 1875.



pEDIGREE connection with* Richard Park', who came to
■■• Cambridge, Mass., in 1635.

1. Great-grandfather, Richard Park', bom in England, 1602. Died
in Newton, Mass., 1665. Came over in the ship Defence and arrived at
Boston, Mass., October 3"*, 1635. Great-grandmother, Margery (Crane?)
Park, bom in England, 1595. Died in Plymouth, Mass.

2. Great-grandfather, Thomas Park*, bom in England, 1629. Died
in Cambridge, Mass., August ii***, 1690. Great-grandmother, Abigail
(Dix) Park, bom in Watertown, Mass. Died in Cambridge, Mass.,
February 3'**, 1691.

3. Great-grandfather, John Park', bom in Cambridge, Mass., Sep-
tember 6*'', 1656. Died in Cambridge, Mass., March 2i»*, 1718. Great-
grandmother, Elizabeth (Miller) Park, bom . Died .

4. Great-grandfather, Joseph^Park*, bom in Newton, Mass., March
la**, 1705. Died in Westerlyj R. I., March i*S 1777. Great-grand-
mother, Abigail (Greene) Park, bom in Westerly, R. I., 1703. Died in
Westerly, R. I., October 19*'', 1772.

5. Great-grandfather, Benjamin Park', born in Westerly, R. I.,
November i'*, 1735. Died at Bunker Hill (?) June 17*'', 1775. Great-
grandmother, Hannah Stanton (York) Park, bom in Westerly, R. I.,
June I**, 1739. Died December, 1800.

6. Great-grandfather, Benjamin Parke', bom in Charlestown, R. I.,
September 16*'', 1765. Died in New York August 5^, 1807. Great-
grandmother, Susanna Maria (Keens) Parke, bom in New York De-
cember z"***, 1776. Died in New York February 17*'', 1807.

7. Grandfather, Samuel Putnam Avery', bom in New York, January
I'S 1797. Died in New York July 24*'', 1832. Grandmother, Hannah
Anne (Parke'), bom in New York April 24'*', 1804. Died in Jersey City,
N. J., June 26*\ 1888. Avery Family, p. 68.

8. Father, Samuel Putnam Avery', born m New York March 17*'',
1822. Died in New York August 1 1**", 1904. Mother, Mary Ann (Ogden)
Avery, bom in New York December i**, 1825. Died in Hartford, Conn.,
April 29*^*, 191 1.

9. Samuel Putnam Avery' was born in Brooklyn, N. Y., October 7***,




Majfiototr Pajsenger



For the following records of the Richard Warren and Thomas
Little families in America see:

Jvery Family Genealogy, pp. iii, 112, 116, 117, 118, 122.

Bradford's History "Of Plimoth Plantation" pp. 532-537.

Cheever's T7u Journal of the Pilgrims at Plymouth, pp. 27-42.

Davis' Ancient Landmarks of Plymouth, pp. 99, 138, etc.

Freeman's History of Cape Cod, Vol. I, p. 65.

Goodwin's Plymouth Republic, pp. 34-68, etc

Haxton's Signers of the Mayflower Compact, Vol. I, p. 21.

Mayflower Descendants, Vols. II, III, IV, XV.

Morton's New England's Memorial, 1826, pp. 38-44, 135.

Plymouth Colony Records, Vol. I, pp. 18-54, etc.

Plymouth Colony Wills, Vol. Hi, p. 40.

Plymouth Deeds, Vol. II, p. 12.

Pope's Pioneers of Massachusetts, p. 288.

Richards' History of Marshfield, Massachusetts, Vol. II, p. 76.

Roebling's Richard Warren of the Mayflower, p. 6.

Russell's Guide to Plymouth; pp. 46, 131, 138, 249.

Savage's Genealogical Dictionary of New England.

Thomas' Memoriab of Marshfield, Massachusetts.

Fital Records of Scituate, Massachusetts, Vol. I, pp. 239, 240.



TTISTORY states that Cape Cod, Mass., was discovered by
-■• •*■ Bartholomew Gosnold, an Intrepid mariner from the west
of England, who sailed from Falmouth in Cornwall on the 26**»
of March, 1602, in a small barque, the Concord, with thirty-two
men, for the coast known at that time as North Virginia. In-
stead of proceeding as was usual, by way of the Canaries and
West Indies, he kept as far north as the winds would permit, and
was, for aught that appears to the contrary, the first Englishman
who came in a direct course to this part of the American Con-

In fact, it is not certain, that any European had ever been
here before. Bancroft confidently asserts that Cape Cod was the
"first spot in New England ever trod by Englishmen." On the
14*'' of May, Gosnold made land and the next day found himself
"embayed with a mighty headland, which at first appeared like
an island by reason of the large sound that lay between it and
the main."

Near this Cape, "within a league of the land, he came to an-
dior, in fifteen fathoms," and his crew took a quantity of cod-
fish, from which circumstance he named the land Cape Cod.

This part of the country is next brought to public notice as the
first landing place of the pilgrims, who sailed from Plymouth,
England, September 6^\ 1620, in the Mayflower, commanded by
Captain Jones, and arrived in Cape Cod harbor November 11*'',
1620 (old style).

It is said that the first act of the Pilgrims after "their arrival
was to "fall on their knees and offer thanksgiving to God, who
brought them safe, and delivered them from so many perils.**
After solemnly invoking the throne of Grace, they next proposed

C 123 ]

that all the males that were of age should subscribe to a written
compact, which was probably the first instrument the world
ever saw, recognizing true repubhcan principles, and entrusring
all powers in the hands of the majority, thus laying the founda-
tions of American hberty.


In the name of God, amen. We whose names are underwritten, the
loyal subjects of our dread sovereign, King James, by the grace of God,
of Great Britain, France and Ireland, King, defender of the faith, etc.,
having undertaken for the glory of God, and advancement of the Chris-
tian faith, and honor of our King and country, a voyage to plant the
first colony in the northern parts of Virginia, do by these presents,
solemnly and mutually, in the presence of God and of one another,
covenant and combine ourselves together into a civil body politic, for
our better ordering and preservation and furtherance of the ends afore-
said; and by virtue hereof, do enact, constitute, and frame such just and
equal laws, ordinances, acts, constitutions, and offices, from time to
time, as shall be thought most meet and convenient for the general good
of the colony, unto which we promise all due submission and obedience.

In witness whereof, we have hereunder subscribed our names, at
Cape Cod, the Yi *•* day of November, in the year of the reign of our sov-
ereign lord. King James of England, France, and Ireland, the eighteenth,
and of Scotland the fifty-fourth. Anno Domini, 1620.


Number in Number in

family- family

1 Mr. John Carver* ... 8 15 Edtoard TilUy* 4

2 Mr. William Bradford* . 2 ' 16 John TtUty 3

3 Mr. Edward Winslow* . 5 17 Francis Cooke 2

4 Mrl William Brewster* . 6 l8 Thomas Rogers 2

5 Mr. Isaac Allerton* ... 6 19 Thomas Tinker* .... 3

6 Capt. Miles Standish* . . 2 20 John Ridgdale* .... * 2

7 John Alden ....!. .1 21 Edward Fuller* 3

8 Mr. Samuel Fuller . . . • 2 22 John Turner 3

9 Mr. Christopher Martin* . 4 23 Francis Eaton* 3

10 Mr. William Mullins* . . S 24 James Chilton* ..... 3

XI Mr. William White*. . . S 25 John Crackston 2

12 ■ Mr. Richard Warren . . I 26 John Billington* .... 4

13 John Howland 27 Moses Fletcher l

14 Mr. Stephen Hopkins* . 8 28 John Goodman I

[ 124]





Denary Prust . . .
Thomas Williams .
Gilbert Winslow .
Edmund Margeson
Peter Brown . . .
Richard BuiUridge
George Soule . . .

Number in Number in

family family

36 Richard Clarke I

37 Richard Gardiner .... 1

38 John Allerton I

39 Thomas English I

40 Edward Dotey

41 Edward Leister .....

Those marked • brought their wires; those in italics were in their graves
before the end of March. Of the one hundred and one English settlers, were
twenty females accompanying their husbands, and forty-two children and serv-
ants. Frtrman't History of Capi Cod, Vol. I., p. 65.



niCHARD WARRENS of Greenwich County, Kent, Eng-
land, sailed from Plymouth in the Mayfiowfr, September 6*'»,
1620, and arrived in Cape Cod harbor November ii*'» (old style).
His wife EHzabeth arrived in the Antiy* late in July, 1623, with
her five daughters: Mary', Ann', Sarah*, Elizabeth*, and Abigail*.

Mr. Richard Warren; but his wife and children were left behind
and came afterwards. Mr. Richard Warren lived some 4 or 5 years and
had his wife over to him, by whom he had 2 sons, before dyed, and one
of them is maryed and hath 2 children, so his increase is 4.

But he had 5 daughters more come over with his wife, who are all
married and living and have many children. Bradford's History of
Plimoth Plantations.

\ . ^

Richard Warren was from London and joined the Leyden Pilgrims
in July, 1620, at Southampton, where the Mayflower and the Speedwell
first set sail for America. He was married in England, before 161 1, to

Elizabeth ? whose maiden name is unknown and had by her five

daughters: Mary, Anna, Sarah, Elizabeth and Abigail, who were left in
England and came to Plymouth, with their mother, in 1623.

Nothing is known of his life before he joined the Pilgrims on the May-
flower and there are very few references to him in the Plymouth Colony
H/cords, or the works of contemporary writers, doubtless owing to his
early death in 1628.

It will be seen, by referring to the "Compact," that Richard Warren
was one of the eleven designated by Bradford, by the title of "Mr.," of the
forty-one signers.

Wednesday, November 15***, "sixteen men were sent out with every
man his musket, sword, and corselet, under the command of Captain
Miles Standish to explore the country."

After wandering about the land for several days, discovering the
Indians, finding com and fresh water, they returned to their vessel.
They made other explorations, but not deeming the place good to settle

• "This vessel (Ann) of 146 tons, arrived late in July and brought about 96


in, they sailed to Plymouth, landing there December 20'*', 1620, and
began a settlement. Jvery Genealogy, pp. 111-118.

The Journal of the Pilgrims says: "Richard Warren was one of the
three from London, and one of the ten principal men, who, with Captain
Standish, two mates, one gunner and three Saylers, set out in the shallop,*
6*^ December, 1620, on their final trip of discovery, and who first landed
on the Rock, in Pljrmouth.

"There were seven children, five daughters coming from England with
their mother, and two sons, born in Plymouth, Nathaniel', and Joseph'.
The five daughters married respectively, Bartlett, Little, G>ok, Church,
and Osborne." Morton's Neto England Memorial, 1826.

"Richard Warren stands at the head of the g*** share in the division
of cattle in 1627. His location of lands was near the Eel river, and the
farm is still possessed by his descendants." Prince in his Chronology
says: "1628, this year dies Mr. Richard Warren, a useful instrument
and bore a deep share in the difficulties attending the first settlement of
New Pljrmouth."

Plymouth Colony R/cord says: "Mistress Elizabeth Warren, an aged
?nddow, aged above 90 years, deceased on the second day of October,
1673, whoe haveing lived a Godly life, came to her grave as a shoke of
com fully ripe."


I Mary', married, 1628, Robert Bartlett, bom in England, 1603, who
came in the Ann, July, 1623. They had two sons and six daughters. He
was one of the first purchasers of Dartmouth, and died, 1676, aged seventy-

II Ann',t married, 19*^* April, 1633, Thomas Little*, who came from
England to Plymouth in 1630. He was a lawyer, and his coat of arms
is soil preserved at the old homestead, in the house of Luther Little at
Sea View, Mass., formerly known as Littletown. See forward.

III Sarah', married, March 28***, 1634, John Cooke, son of Francis
and Esther Cooke, who came with his father in the Mayflower, 1620, was
old enough to be taxed in 1636, as high as his father and had four chil-
dren living in 1650. He was ten times a deputy from Plymouth and
many times a deacon. Removed and was minister of Dartmouth, 1676,
of which he was one of the first purchasers and representadve in 1673.
He was living, 1694, the oldest survivor, perhaps, of the male passengers
in the Mayflower.

* "A sloop rigged craft of twelve to fifteen tons, whifh they had brought be-
tween decks, having been obliged to take her partly to pieces for storage." Pilgrim

t Pljrmouth Colony Wills, III, I, 40.

[ 127 ]

IV Elizabeth', married, 1636, Richard Church, bom 1608, came over

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 10 12

Online LibrarySamuel Putnam AveryThe Avery, Fairchild & Park families of Massachusetts Connecticut & Rhode Island : with a short narration of facts concerning Mr. Richard Warren Mayflower passenger and his family connections with Thomas Little → online text (page 10 of 12)