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Samuel Putnam Avery.

The Avery, Fairchild & Park families of Massachusetts Connecticut & Rhode Island : with a short narration of facts concerning Mr. Richard Warren Mayflower passenger and his family connections with Thomas Little online

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Brooklyn where it raged with great violence about seventy deaths were
reported. Rev. Mr. Ephraim Avery, still apparently the only medical
practitioner in the vicinity, night and day ministered to the sick and
dying till he was prostrated and overcame and fell a victim to the disease.
The death of this excellent minister was greatly mourned. . . . He
left a widow and seven children (his son Septimus having died October
10*^, only ten days before his father).



OBITUARY

Extracts from sermon at the funeral of Rev. Ephraim Avery:

MOURNING PIECE

At Brookljm in Pomfret, at the funeral of Rev. Ephraim Avery,
October 22*'*, 1754, by Ebenezer Devotion, A.M. Printed by John
Draper, Boston, 1755.

Job^XVII-13 — "The grave is mine house"

Concerning him the Rev. Mr. Ephraim Avery, formerly of Truro,
Mass., Pastor of this flock.

"During the time of his public ministry which was the time of my
very intimate acquaintance with him, he appeared with a peculiar lustre
in the various relarions of life which he sustained ... As to his
natural endowments, he was calm, peaceable, patient, open hearted, free
of access, sociable, hospitable, cheerful, but not vain, capable of un-
shaken friendship — not a wit, but very judicious, not of the most ready
and quick thought, but very penetrating, capable of viewing the rela-
tion of things, comparing them and drawing just conclusions from them.
In a word, the Author of Nature had dealt out with a liberal hand to
him, humanity and good sense. As to his acquirements in learning: he
was esteemed of the best judges of his acquaintances, a good scholar, a
good Divine and no small proficient in several of the liberal sciences.

"In private life, he was a hearty, fast, undisguised friend, no less so in
adversity than prosperity — not capable of dissembling friendship, equal
and just to all. In his family he was the courteous, obliging, tender hus-
band, the kind, provident and, exemplary father. As a Chrisdan, those
who have been most inrimately acquainted with him are witnesses of that
humanity, temperance, sobriety, gravity, sincerity, openness, honesty,
benevolence, and charity which have appeared in him. As a minister of

[42]



Christ, he was an example to his flock. His preaching was judicious and
pungent, well adapted to enlighten the understanding, convince the
judgment and reform the life. It was his study and his care to feed his
people with knowledge and understanding."

It is a singular fact that father, son, and grandson all died the
same year. Rev. John Avery* died in Truro, Mass., April 23"*,
1754, aged 69. Rev. Ephraim Avery' died in Brooklyn, G)nn.,
October 20*S 17S4» aged 41, and Septimus Avery' died October
10*'', I7S4> aged 5 years.

An inventory of the estate of Rev. Mr. Ephraim Avery, taken
by the appraisers under oath, January a*"*, 1755, shows him to
have been worth £8,984, 8s. 8d.

The following are a few extracts from the Inventory: —



Case of Drawers


& Desk & Dressing table


£66.


oa





Library £271. 2.


8. Bed & furniture £323.5.


594-


7.


8


Wearing apparel




244.


S-





Silver vessels




6a


a





2 Brass Kittles




33-


a





Horse taklin £3, Drags £43. Rakes 20s.


47.


0.





House land and other buildings


6,200.


0.





Wood Lott





300.


0.





I yoak of oxen


'


120.


a





4 Cows


"


170.


a





a Mairs & Colt




220.


0.





1 young horse




40. .


a





4 Heiflfers




120.


a





3 2 years old




60.


a






Mrs. Ephraim (Lothrop) Avery, who was left a widow October
20*'', 1754, at the age of thirty-eight, with seven children, mar-
ried, November 2i»*, 1755, for her second husband, Mr. John,
Gardiner, 5th Proprietor of Gardiner's Island. The ceremony
probably took place at the house of Aij brother-in-law (her cousin),
Dr. Joshua Lothrop (Mr. Gardiner's first wife having died the
next day after Mrs. Avery's first husband). They had two chil-
dren. She married, third. Col. Israel Putnam, June 3'**, 1767.
On page 419 of Chandler's copy of "Pomfret Records" is found:
"A marriage was solemnized between Col. Israel Putnam and
Mrs. Deborah Gardiner, June y* 3'**, 1767." Miss Lamed, in her

[43]



"History of Windham County/* Vol. II, p. 6, says: "This mar-
riage gave new dignity to his social position, bringing him into
connection with many prominent families and with the eccle-
siastical element so potent in Connecticut at this period. Mrs.
Putnam had a large circle of friends and much social experience.
Her husband was the most popular man of the day. Their hos-
pitable home drew throngs of visitants. Every soldier passing
through Windham County would go out of his way to call upon
his beloved Colonel." Cutter, in his "Life of Putnam," says
"his wife Deborah accompanied him in most of his campaigns till
her death." On page 316 he says: "It was in the midst of these
stirring scenes (1777) when burdened with public cares, that Gen.
Putnam was called again to experience the heaviest of domestic
afflictions in the loss of his wife. She died at his quarters about
a week after his removal to Fishkill [and about ten days after
the loss of Forts Montgomery and Qinton], and it is not im-
probable that her death was hastened, if not caused by the ex-
posure and fj^rigue inddent to this sudden change." In recount-
ing Putnam's evacuation of West Point and the cause, viz., his
forces having been greatly reduced, and by a decision of a council
of his o£Ecers that it would be impossible to maintain the post
against superior numbers, Cutter says: "It was determined to re-
tire with the troops to Fishkill, a Post twelve miles up the river
and to commence immediately the removal of the stores." Gen.
Putnam, in his letter to Gen. Washington, writes that his wife
"died last Tuesday night" (which was October 14*^ 1777), the
letter being dated at Fishkill, October i6*'*, 1777 (which was
Thursday).

Gen. Washington in his reply to him, dated October I9***, 1777,
writes:



I am extremely sorry for the death of Mrs. Putnam, and sympathize
with you upon the occasion. Remembering that all must die, and that
she had lived to an honorable age, [her 6i** year] I hope you bear the
misfortune with that fortitude and complacency of mind that become a
man and a christian. I am Dear Sir with great esteem Yours &c

Geo. Washington.



[44]



Cutter says: "In the same dispatch which communicated these
afflicting tidings to the Gjmmander-in-Chief, Gen. Putnam an-
nounced the surrender (capitulation signed October 14*'*, 1777,
at 8 P. M., as per Gov. Qinton's letter to Gen. Putnam, dated
Albany, 1$*^ October, 1777), of Burgoyne, and the retaking of
Pcekskill and the Highland passes on the east side of the river."

Bolton in his "History of the Protestant Episcopal Church of
Westchester County, N. Y.," says, "Mrs. Putnam [formerly Rev.
Ephraim Avery's wife] died October 14*'', 1777, at the Highlands,
North River, and was buried in Col. Beverly Robinson's family
vault."

Gen. Putnam* died May 9*'', 1790.

* See Samuel Putnam Avery, pp. 50, 5 1, 68.



[45]



EPHRAIM AVERY'

Tj^PHRAIM AVERY8, second son of Ephraim Avery' and
•*— ' Deborah (Lothrop) Avery, of Brooklyn, G^nn., was bom
April I3*S 1741 (Yale, 1761; King's College, 1767). Married,
1762, Hannah Piatt,* born 1737. He died November 5*S 1776.
She died Mayij***, 1776.

CHILDREN

I Hannah PIatt», bom April 16*'', 1763, Newark, N. J. Married,
Stephen Barritt.

II Elizabeth Draper', bom August 29**», 1765, Rye, N. Y. Married,
Mr. Church. She died December 15^, 1799, West Indies.

III John William', bom May 24.*^, 1767, Rye, N. Y. Married,
November 16*^^793, Sarah Fairchild, of- Stratford, Conn., bom Feb-
ruary 28*^ 1773. He died 1799. She died May 6'^ 1837. They

had four children. See forward.

rV Elisha Lothrop', bom November 27*'', 1768, Rye, N. Y.

V Joseph Piatt', bom March 24*^ 1771, Rye, N. Y.

VI Deborah Putnam', bom June i'*, 1773, Rye, N. Y.

Bolton, in his "History of the Protestant Episcopal Church in
Westchester County, N. Y.," says: —

Soon after the Rev. Ephraim Avery* left college, he went to New
Jersey and taught school, at a place called Second River, in the town-
ship of Newark. Rev. Isaac Brown, Newark, in his letters of October
6*^ 1762, and April 6*'', 1763, writes, that Mr. Avery, a young gentle-
man graduated from Yale College, has taken care of the school at Second
River from December i**, 1761. While there he turned his attendon
to theology, and was considered a very promising young man. He then
went to England, and was ordained Deacon and Priest by Dr. Hinchman,
Bishop of London, 1765, being well recommended by the clergy of New
Jersey and others, and found worthy by the Lord Bishop of London, was
appomted to the vacant mission of Rye, N. Y., by Gov. Cadwallader
Golden, September 9*^ 1765, Rector of Grace Church of the Parish of
Rye, including Mamaroneck and Bedford.

• Dexter's Yale sketches.
C46]



In 1767, Mr. Avery received the degree of Master of Arts from King's
G)llege, N. Y., a literary honor which he richly deserved. . . . 1774.
Soon after this, the Clergy of the Church of England fell upon troublous
times, which tried to the utmost the firmness of men.

The Revolutionary War broke out, threatening an utter disruption
of the ties which had so long bound the Colonies and the Mother country
together. The relations of the Clergy with the latter, were of a more
close and enduring character than those of almost any other class of
men . . . they went on steadily with their duty in their sermons;
without touching on politics, using their influence to allay political heats
and cherish a spirit of loyalty among their people. This conduct, how-
ever harmless, gave great offence. They were everywhere threatened,
and often reviled, and sometimes treated with brutal violence. . . .
At Rye, Mr. Avery was a principal sufferer. His horses were seized,
his cattle driven off, and his property plundered. His death, supposed
by some, to have been occasioned by these losses, happened soon after.
The Society's Abstracts for 1776 say: "By a private letter received from
Mr. Ingles, it appears that Mr. Avery was murdered in a most barbarous
manner, on the fifth of last November, for refusing to pray for Congress,
his throat having been cut and his body shot through and thrown in the
public highway. . . . Tradition, however, reports that Mr. Avery
was murdered by one Hains,*an Irish Jesuit, who kept a private school
which stood upon or near the site now (1855) occupied by a carriage shed,
directly opposite the Church at Rye. It is said that frequent discussions
on religious topics had taken place between them; on these occasions
Mr. Avery was always observed to maintain his argument with great
coolness and moderation, while his antagonist, who was of a violent
temper, would betray the worst feelings. Under the garb of liberty, the
murderer waylaid and shot the iimocent and defenceless victim, cut his
throat and dragged his body into the highway. But the conscience
stricken murderer found no rest, and finally removed to Ohio. Not long
after he was tried for a second murder, and condemned to the gallows.
According to an account of his execudon, published in one of the Ohio
papers of the day, — on the bolts being drawn, the rope broke and the
unfortunate man fell to the ground. Then he entreated the oflScers to
spare him a few moments; when he declared that he first shot Mr. Avery
and then cut his throat. . . . Related on the testimony of Mrs. Wetmore
and other aged inhabitants of the. Parish, who have heard their parents
speak of Hains, andv remember to have seen the account of his execution
in the papers of the day. . . . The remains of Mr. Avery, with those of
his wife, repose in the burying ground belonging to the church, on the
opposite side of Blind Brook."

On 21'* January, 1766, vestry of church "allowed to Rev. Ephraim
Avery, for service as rector of Parish of Rye from August 27*'' last to
January i**, 1766, £16-3-4, added for 3 days 8s. 6d. and raised salary for
January i**, 1766 to January i**, 1767, sum of £50." Fowler's MSS,

[47]



JOHN WILLIAM-AVERY'

JOHN WILLIAM AVERY», eldest son of Rev. Ephraim
•^ Avery' and Hannah (Piatt) Avery, was bom at Rye, N. Y.,
May 24*^ 1767. Married, November I6*^ 1793, Sarah Fair-
child * of Stratford, Conn., bom February 28*^ 1773. ^^ died
> 1799- She died May 6^\ 1837.

CHILDREN

I John William", bom September 24*^ 1794, New York. In early
life was lost at sea in the Jeanette.

II Elisha Lothrop", bom February 27***, 1796, New York. Married,
1822, Jane Gunning. She died September, 1837. Married, second, April
I2*\ 1839, Sarah Coit, bom 1807, daughter of David Coit of New Lon-
don, Conn. He died August 3'**, 1878. She died February 12**', 1892.
They had seven children.

III Samuel Putnam", bom January i**, 1797, New York. Married,
January !•*, 1821, Hannah Anne Parke, bom April 24*'', 1804, daughter
of Benjamin Parke and Susanna Maria (Keens) Parke of New York. He
died July 24*^ 1832. She died June 26*^ 1888. They had six children.
See forward.

rV Sarah Elizabeth*", bom November 3"*, 1798, New York. Married,
1817, E. R. Dupignac, bom December i6*\ 1794, New York. She died (?).
He died November, 1864. They had four children.

John William Avery' died ^ I799» aged thirty-two years.

It has not been possible to gather anything touching his life and

• Sarah FairchOd was the daughter of John Fairchild, born February, 1745/6.
Married, November &^, 1768, Elizabeth Burch, bom 1751. He died 1790. She
died 1804. The^ had nine children.

"Thomas Fairchild, Stratford, one of the first settlers: representauve, 1659-
60 and often after." Savage's Genealogical Dictionary, Vol. II, p. 137. _

"Thomas Fairchild, of Stratford, Q>nn., bom in England, died in Stratford
December 14*^, 1670." (Married about 1637 Sarah Seabrooke.) American An^
cestr^Vol. X, p. 158.

"The original township (Stratford) was ten miles square and was purchased in
1630 by a gentleman of the name of Thomas Fairchild, who came out from Eng-
land and was the first civil oflBcer of the town." Lippiruott's MagaziiUy July,
1879.

[48]



character. A granddaughter remembers having been told that he
was a clergyman. It is probable that he was, as he was the eldest
son, and a descendant, in a direct line, of three generations of
Episcopalian clergymen.



r



[49]



SAMUEL PUTNAM AVERY"

CAMUEL PUTNAM AVERY," third son of John William
^ Avery' and Sarah (Falrchild) Avery, was bom January i«S
1797, in New York. Married, January !•*, 1821, Hannah Anne
Parke, bom August 24**', 1804, daughter of Benjamin Parke and
Susanna Maria (Keens) Parke. He died July 24*S 1832. She
died June 26*^ 1888.

CHILDREN

I Samuel Putnam", bom March 17"', 1822, New York. Married,
November 24***, 1844, Mary Ann Ogden, bora December i'*, 1825,
daughter of Henry Aaron and Katharine (Ginklin) Ogden of New York.
He died. New York, August li*'», 1904. She died, Hartford, Conn.,
April 29*^ 191 1. They had six children. See jonoard.

n Hannah Canton", bom October 12*^, 1824, New York. Married,
May 2»«*, 1854, Charies Russell Comell of Troy, N. Y., bora Ju^e.20*^
1806. She died June 2S*\ 1885. . He died September 12**', 1866. They
had one daughter.

HI Susan Jane", bom December II*^ 1826, New York. Married,
December s*\ 1850, Stephen Avery of Hudson, N. Y. She died March
\V'\ 1912. He died January i"*, 1853. They had one son.

IV' Benjamin Parke", bom November II*^ 1828, New York. Mar-
ried, November 27*'', 1861, Mary Ann Fuller of Marysville, Cal., bom
July 13*^, 1827. He died November 8*S 1875, Peking, Qiina. She died,
San Francisco, June 9*'*, 1913. They had no children.

V Mary Rebecca Halsey", bom August I0»^ 1830, New York. Mar-
ried, June 7^, 1856, Rev. T. De Witt Tahnage, bom January 7*^^, 1832.
She died June 7'*', 1861. He died April 12*^, 1902. They had two
children.

V Charies Russell", bom October, 1832, New York. Died August

s*N 1833.



[50]







SAMUEL PUTNAM AVERY"'

Original silhouette in possession of Samuel Putnam Avery'', of Hartford, Conn.

Third son of John William Avery» and Sarah (Fairchild) Avery, bom January
I*'. 1797- Married January I'S 1821, Hannah Anne Parke, bom April 24'^, 1804.
He died July 24^^, 1832. She died June 26^, 1888. He was a direct descendant
of William Avery*, who settled in Dedham, Mass., in 1650, and Richard Warren',
who came in the Mayflo:oer, 1620, and settled in Plymouth, Mass.



SAMUEL PUTNAM AVERY"

CAMUEL PUTNAM AVERY", eldest son of Samuel Putnam^
^ Avery" and Hannah Anne (Parke) Avery, was bom March
17**», 1822, New York (M. A. Columbia University, 1896).
Married, November 24*^ 1844, Mary Ann Ogden, bom De-
cember I**, 1825, daughter of Henry Aaron and Katharine
(Conklin) Ogden, of New York. He died, New York, August
ll*'», 1904. She died, Hartford, Conn., April 29*^1911.

CHILDREN

I Mary Henrietta", bom October 4*^, 1845, Brookljm, N. Y. Died,
New York, April 7***, 1900. -

II Samuel Pumam", bora October 7^, 1847, Brookljrn, N. Y. Su
forward.

III Fanny Falconer", bom November 3"*, 1849, Brooklyn, N. Y.'
Married, February is^\ 1881, Rev. Manfred P. Welcher, of Newark,
N. Y., bora October 27*^ 1850. She died, Hartford, Conn., July 22"*',
X918. They had four children.

IV Henry Ogden", bom January 31'*, 1852, Brooklyn, N. Y. Died,
New York, April 30*'', 1890.

V Emma Parke", bom August 29*^, 1853, Brooklyn, N. Y. Died,
Brooklyn, N. Y., August 31'*, 1857.

VI Ellen Walters", bom January i'*, 1861, Brooklyn, N. Y. Died,
New York, March 25***, 1893.

Samuel Putnam Avery, life member of the New York Genea-
logical and Biographical Society, died August il***, 1904, at his
residence in New York, aged eighty-two years. He was bom
March 17*'', 1822, in New York City, and was the eldest son of
Samuel Putnam Avery and Hannah Anne Parke, daughter of
Capt. Benjamin Parke of New York. His father, who was in the
leather business in New York, and died there in the cholera epi-
demic of 1832, when only thirty-five years of age, was the son of

[51]



John William Averyof New York, and Sarah Fairchild, of Stratford,
Conn., and grandson of the Rev. Ephraim Avery, rector of Grace
Church, Rye, N. Y., by his wife Hannah Piatt. Rev. Ephraim
Avery was the son of Rev. Ephraim Avery of Brooklyn, Conn., by
his wife Deborah Lothrop, daughter of Samuel and Deborah
(Crow) Lothrop of Pomfret, Conn.; who was the son of Rev.
John Avery of Truro, Mass., and Ruth Little, daughter of Ephraim
, and Mary (Sturtevant) Little of Marshfield, Mass., and grand-
. daughter of Thomas Little of Plymouth, Mass., by his wife Ann,
daughter of Mr. Richard Warren, the Mayflower pilgrim; who was
the son of Robert Avery of Dedham, Mass., and Elizabeth Lane,
daughter of Job and Sarah Lane of Maiden, Mass.; who was the
son of Dr. William Avery who came from Barkham, County
Berks, England, to Dedham, Mass., about 1650.

Left by the death of his father at the early age of ten to make
his own way in the world, Mr. Avery began engraving as a mere
boy in a bank-note company, where he studied copperplate en-
graving, then engraving on wood, and afterwards edited art com-
pilations of his^own selection, sometimes contributing illustra-
tions of his own handiwork. In 1865 he entered into the business
of commerdal engraving and art publishing at the comer of Broad-
way and Fourth Street. In 1867 he received the appointment of
Commissioner to go to France in charge of the American Art De-
partment at the Universal Exposition in Paris. The following
year he abandoned engraving and art publishing and became a
dealer in works of art. He removed to No. 86 Fifth Avenue, where
he opened a gallery, and for nearly twenty years conducted a very
successful business in paintings and water colors, both domesric
and foreign, when he retired entirely from business and was suc-
ceeded by his son, Samuel P. Avery, Jr. During this latter period of
business acrivity he became widely known as an art connoisseur and
one of the foremost men in art circles in New York City. New
York Genealogical and Biographical Society Record^ October, 1904.

The late Samuel Putnam Avery lived a useful life, and he will
be widely regretted at once as a personality and as an influence for

[52]




SAMUEL PUTNAM AVERY", M.A.

UNITED STATES COMMISSIONER TO PARIS EXPOSITION UNIVERSELLE. 1S67
BORN IN NEW YORK MARCH IJ, l822, DIED IN NEW YORK AUGUST II, I904

Direct descendant of William Aver>-^, who settled in Dedham, Mass., in 1650,
and Richard Warren', who came in the Mayjiozcer, 1620, and settled in Plymouth,
Mass. Also direct descendant of Richard Park', who sailed from London, England,
in the ship Defence August 10*'', 1635, and arrived at Boston, Mass., October
3"*. 1635.



good in the artistic development of the city. Forty years ago,
when he entered the picture market, the conditions of aesthetic
taste in America were decidedly mixed. The sentimental or
humorous anecdote, painted by the mediocre artist, was quite
as likely to appeal to the collector as was any masterpiece of
modern art. Mr. Avery was a man of common sense, and so did
not try to make things over in a day; besides, he knew, what we
are sometimes disposed to forget, that even the painted anecdote
can be, on occasion, a masterpiece. But he had an instinctive
feeling for what was best in contemporary art; he realized from
the outset the value of the Barbizon school, for example, and he
was of great service to us in bringing really good pictures into the
country. More than one noted gallery in New York owes its ex-
cellence to his share in its creation.

On his visits to Europe in earlier days he established friendly
. reladons with scores of artists since become famous. He was
among their first, as he was among their most discerning patrons,
and as a result there passed through his hands or remained in his
possession some of the rarest and most characteristic productions
of his time. He had a gift for discovering the unique picture or
print, the most interesring personal souvenir. Ranging far outside
the boundaries of pictorial art, he swelled the list of his acquisitions
with beautiful bindings, porcelains, and divers objects of arrisdc
craftsmanship. These treasures he often lent for exhibition pur-
poses, and finally, in the leisure of his later life, bestowed upon
different institutions, so that while at the time of his death he
left his home still full of beautiful things, he had made in one
. direction or another a remarkable number of important gifts.
His collection of etchings, including a wonderful array of Whistlers,
went to enrich the print department of the New York Public
. Library. Again and again it has furnished forth a notable ex-
hibition at the Lenox Library Building. The Metropolitan
Museum of Art, which he helped to found and which he faithfully
served as a trustee, also profited by his generosity.

But the extent to which Mr. Avery benefited the many artistic

organizations with which he was identified has already been noted

[53]
V



in the Tribune. What we wish espedally to point out today is
the fact that in matters of art he was as cultivated as he was open-
handed. He exerted a salutary influence, not simply because he
was ever ready to give practical support to an enh'ghtened move-
ment, l)ut because he reinforced his more tangible contributions
with the counsel that comes from taste and judgment. A good
citizen who was also a connoisseur has been lost in his death.
Neto York Tribune^ August 14*'', 1904.

Of the large class of those who are interested in art but not
actively engaged in artistic production, it is doubtful if iany one
person has had as great or as sane and helpful an influence upon
the art of America as Samuel Putnam Avery, who died at his
residence in New York City, on Thursday, August ii***. Trained
as an engraver, and giving early proof of remarkable taste and
skill, he abandoned active artistic life for commerce in the pro-
duction of others, but brought to the new field the natural re-
finement and the delicacy of imagination which- would have
secured for him^reat distinction in his original profeission. His
. business methods were always clever and often brilliant; but his
most intense activity was uniformly guided by a natural appre-
darion of beauty and fine workmanship. Boldness in acrion and
perfect taste — these always characterized his business career.
The people of New York — and perhaps it is not too much to


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