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Samuel Putnam Avery.

The Avery, Fairchild & Park families of Massachusetts Connecticut & Rhode Island : with a short narration of facts concerning Mr. Richard Warren Mayflower passenger and his family connections with Thomas Little online

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say the American people — appredated these qualiries, and were
glad to make large returns for the faithful and expert service
which he so constantly rendered. •

When in the course of a long and happy life Mr. Avery reached •
an age which made acdve endeavor burdensome and unnecessary,
he brought to the disposal of his accumulations the same quali-
ties which had created them. Boundless courage and great
knowledge, and an alertness which made him ready for any emer-
gency — to these were added that extraordinary delicacy and
tenderness of temperament which made him not only a great
critic and connoisseur, but a dear friend as well.
It is doubtful if there is a worthy charity or a well-managed

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public institution in the city of New York which has not felt in
a material way the benefit of his good will. Of these, however,
the Library of Columbia University has been most kindly cared
for.

The Avery Architectural Library is a most characteristic pro-
ducrion of Mr. Avery's genius. The" profession of architecture is
peculiarly dependent upon its literature. At the same time the^.
. cost of the best architectural boolcs places them beyond the
reach of many serious pracririoners. This became apparent to
Mr. and Mrs. Avery during the short practice of their son,
Henry Ogden Avery, perhaps the most brilliant and promising of
the younger architects of his day — who had gathered for his
own use a remarkably valuable collection of books. At the death
of their son there came to his parents the thought of the endow-
ment of a monumental architectural library, as a suitable memo-
rial; a library which should be easily accessible to all interested
persons. Having miade this decision, Mr. and Mrs. Avery, quite
as a matter of course, placed their great resources in commission
with a liberality which has known no limit except their own good
judgment and that of the purchasing committee created by the
foundarion.

To this library and this work Mr. Avery has always given most
freely of that which after all has been most enriching and most
valuable — himself. His very last message concerned a gift,
under date of August 5*** — and he then wrote with trembling
hand, "I am a much sicker man than you may Imagine,"
though every other word was cheerful and hopeful. To the very
last his interest never flagged, and his generous heart beat
strong and true In spite of a keen consciousness of failing physical
powers.

On the afternoon of the I4*S simple yet Impressive services
were held at the family residence, at which In spite of the mid-
summer and vacation season the University was well represented.

More enduring than on bronze or marble is the inscription
which he has written by his life on the hearts of his fellow citizens.
Columbia University Quarterlyy September, 1904.

[55]



Whereas, Samuel Putnam Avery, a member of this committee since
1895, and of the Association since 1882, died on August II»^ 1904. and

Whereas, We recognize that he had not only been a loyal supporter
of the cause for the promotion of which this Association was formed, and
a liberal contributor of funds for the carrying on of its work, but that as
an artist he was well known and as a patron of the arts was distinguished;
further, that he had taken an intelligent and active mterestm public
questions generally, seeking to bring his influence to bear m bfting the
consideration of such matters to a higher plane, that though he rarely
spoke in public, his influence was so exerted that it tended to promote
the public welfare; that he was optimistic, in that he beheved matters ot
"political housekeeping" were susceptible of miprovement: that he was
sympathetic, especially with the aspirations and stnymgs of the young,
and when he gave to Columbia University the valuable Avery Library,
it was that both old and young, but especially the young men and women,
and the alumni who had not long ceased to be resident there, might have
close at hand the means by which they could investigate more deeply the
arts and architecture of an earlier time: that he was a philanthropist m
a very genuine sense, who had taken to heart and applied the saymg ot
George Sand's Jacques, that there is but one virtue, the eternal sacnhce
of one's self; therefore, . t • • n *

Resolved, That this Executive Committee consider it a pnvilege to
place on its records and directs that it be so placed, this minute i^dfcamre
of its appreciation of the quiet and unassuming but generous and fruittul
life which Mr. Avery led, and the high purpose by which his career always

seemed to be actuated. , . ^. -, r • t> r

Adopted by the Executive Committee of the CivU Service Ketorm
Association of New York at a meeting held September 28*S 1904-

Mr. Avery was for several years Secretary to the Art Com-
mittee of the Union League Qub, New York. This led to the
organization of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, of which he be-
came one of the founders and a leading director. He held many
other positions of honor, having been a Trustee of the New York
Public Library, President of The Grofler Qub, Vice-president of
the Sculpture Society, and honorary member of the Architec-
tural League and of the Typothetae Sodety. He was also one of
the original committee for the erection of the Bartholdi Statue of
Liberty in New York Harbor. The loss of his son, Henry Ogden
Avery, a talented young architect, caused him to found in the
Columbia University library, the Avery collection of architectural
and art books as a memorial. This contains more than fifteen
thousand volumes and is probably the best special library of

[56]




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vtotIls on architecture in the country. I^or this Columbia gave
him the honorary degree of Master of Arts. Nor were his bene-
factions confined to this University. He gave to the Lenox
Library seventeen thousand nineteenth-century etchings and
engravings, a collection which he had been accumulating for
nearly forty years. The Grolier Qub, of which he was President,
and the New York Genealogical and Biographical Society, of
which he was at one time a Trustee, were also recipients of valu-
able gift5, and one of the collections of Oriental porcelain in the
Metropolitan Museum was collected and given by him. The
New York Evening Post of August I3**», 1904, in an editorial en-
titled "A Public-spirited Merchant," saidof hiiii: "The full extent
of the late S. P. Avery's usefulness may never be known. Con-
spicuous as his position here in New York was, he gave modestly
from the surplus of his collections to many country institutions,
ever fostering the love of art in its feeble beginnings." In March,
1897, on the occasion of his seventy-fifth' birthday, a portrait
medallion in gold was presented to him by seventy-five citizens
of New York in recognition of his many public services.

Samuel Putnam Avery was married November 24*^ 1844, to
Mary Ann Ogden, daughter of Henry Aaron Ogden and Katha-
rine (Conklin) Ogden, both of New York. He is survived by his
widow and two children: Samuel P. Avery, Jr., who until recently
conducted the business founded by his father, and Mrs. Fanny F.
Welcher, wife of the Rev. M. P. Welcher of Brooklyn. Benjamin
Parke Avery, who was Minister to China under President Grant,
and died in Peking in 1875, was his only brother. Nao York
Genealogical and Biographical Record^ October, 1904.



[57 ]



BENJAMIN PARKE AVERY"

"DENJAMIN PARKE AVERY", second son of Samuel Put-
.-■^ nam Avery" and Hannah Anne (Parke) Avery, was bom in
New York, November ii***, 1828. Married, November 27*S
1861, at San Frandsco, C^l., Mary Ami Fuller, bom July 13,
1827. He died November 8*S 1875, Peking, China. She died
June g*\ 1913. They had no children.

The City of Tokio, bearing the remains of the late Benjamin Parke
Avery, was telegraphed fifteen miles out at 7:50 a. m. yesterday, and
came to anchor at 1 1 o'clock off the Pacific Mail Steamship G)mpany's
wharf, at the foot of Br:lnnan Street, at which time a salute of seventeen
guns was fired from Fort Alcatraz. TTie remains of Mr. Avery were sent
in care of Lieut. ^. W. Lyon, U. S. N., who was detached from the U. S.
steamer Tennessee and detailed for this duty. The body was embalmed
in China by the surgeon of the Russian Embassy, and was placed in an
enameled or varnished casket, which was rolled in oil silk and cemented.
This was then placed in the outside casket of teak wood, which was also
varnished.

At 2 o'clock P. M. the Committee in charge held a meeting at the
rooms of the Art Association, Dr. -J. D. B. Sdllman in the chair, other
members of the Association and Dr. A B. Stout from the Committee of
the Academy of Sciences being present- It was decided that the body,
attended by the friends of the deceased and the Guard of Honor, should
be removed from the undertaking rooms of Mr. Gray at 10 o'clock this
morning to Dr. Stebbins' church, where it will lie in state until the funeral,
which takes place from the church at 2 o'clock to-morrow afternoon. Mr.
Williams of the Committee reported a subscripdon already of about
^500 towards paying the expenses of the obsequies. It was decided also
to invite the members of other societies with which Mr. Avery was identi-
fied to attend the funeral at the church in a body. At 4 o'clock the Com-
mittee with a few friends of the deceased followed the casket from the
wharf to the undertaking rooms under the escort of Lieutenant Reno of
the Fourth Artillery, with a detachment of thirteen men from Company A
of the same regiment from the Presidio, who will constitute the Guard of
Honor until the interment takes place. The eulogy upon the life and
character of the deceased will be pronounced by Rev. Horatio Stebbins.

C58]




BENJAMIN PARKE AVERY"

UNITED STATES MINISTER TO CHINA

BORN IN NEW YORK NOVEMBER II, 1828, DIED IN PEKING,
CHINA, NOVEMBER 8'**, 1875

From a photograph taken in 1866

Direct descendant of William Aven,-^, who settled in Dedham, Mass., in 1650, and
Richard Warren*, who came in the MayHowery 1620, and settled in Plymouth,
Mass. Also direct descendant of Richard Park', who sailed from London, England,
in the ship Defence, August lo'**, 1635, and arrived at Boston, Mass., October 3 ,
1635.



In this memorial service Rev. Dr. Hamilton of Oakland will assist. The
music at the church will be rendered by a choir from the Bohemian Gub,
imder the leadership of Joseph Maguire.

The Gimmittee appointed to direct the obsequies have selected as
pall-bearers the following named gentlemen: Major-General John M.
Schofield, U. S. A.; Major-General James Coey, N. G. C; United States
Circuit Judge, Lorenzo Sawyer; United States District Judge, Ogden
Hoffman; United States G)llector of Customs, Thomas Shannon; United
States Naval Officer, Edwin G. Waitc; ex-Governor Frederick F. Low;
cx-Govemor Leiand Stanford; L Friedlander, President of the Chamber
of Commerce, and Pay-Director John S. Cunningham, U. S. N.

General Schofield made a requistdon upon the commander of the
National Guard for a regiment of militia, and the following companies,
under command of Colonel George W. Granniss, have been detailed in
accordance with the order:

Emmet Guard, Co. E, Third Infantry, Captain Robert Cleary.
MacMahon Grenadier Guard, Co. H, Third Infantry, Captain John

H. McMenomy.
Sumner Light Gu^rd, Co. E, First Infantry, Captain H. J. Bums.
Franklin Light Infantry, Co. D, First Infantry, Captain R. H. Orton.
San Frandsco Fusileers, Co. C, Second Infantry, Captain George Cantus..
Germania Rifles, Co. D, Second Infantry, Captain G. D. Von Senden.
The Sumrier Light Guard or the Franklin Light Infantry will accom-
pany the body to the cemetety, and fire the volleys over the grave.

A Tientsin newspaper of November 23*^ says: "The remains of the
bte Hon. B. P. Avery were transferred this afternoon from the United
Sutes Consulate to the United States steamer Afonocacy, which is to
convey them to Shanghai. The procession formed at 3 o'clock. The
coffin, covered with the national flag, was placed on two gim-carriages
sent from the Monocacyt and drawn Jjy a company of twelve seamen. A
guard of honor from the same vessel consisting of eighty men preceded
the bier with reversed arms. At the right of the coffin were members of
the Consular staff" and two Chinese officials, and at the feft, the com-
manders of the men-of-war In port, who acted as bearers. Following the
remains were the British Minister, Mr. Wade; Mr. Holcombe, Acting
Secretary of the United States Legation and now in charge; Consul Shep-
pard and Vice-Consul Pethick, as mourners. Then came other naval
officers, the American and other foreign residents. While the procession
was forming, the United States Consular flag was run up to the top of the
staff*; just preceding the order to march, it was dropped to half-mast,
and at the same moment minute guns commenced firing on board the
Monocacy, and continued till the regular salute of nineteen guns due
the rank of the lamented Minister had been fired. Mrs. Avery accom-
panied the remains of her husband, and goes to Shanghai in the Afonocacy.

Companies from the English, Russian and French gunboats, drawn up

[59]



on the bund, saluted the remains as they passed by, presenting arms and
rolling the drum.

A goodly number of the foreign residents of Tientsin were in attendance.
Altogether rather an imposing spectacle was presented to the interested
gaze of the Chinese crowd which gathered to witness the ceremonies.

On the I** of December the remains were landed at Shanghai from the
corvette Monocacy and removed to the United States Consulate General,
where they lay in state, awaiting transmission to San Francisco. The
only ceremony observed was that the naval officers superintending the
landing were in full uniform, the national flag was dropped half-mast and
minute-guns were fired. San Francisco Chronicle^ January 25*'', 1876.

God rest thy soul I
O, kind and pure.
Tender of heart, yet strong to wield control.
And to endurel

Close the clear eyes I
No greater woe
Earth's patient heart, than when a good man dies,
Can ever know.

With us is night —
Toil without rest;
But where thy gentle spirit wallas in light, *

The ways are blest.

God's peace be thinel
God's perfect peace I
Thy meed of faithful service, until time
And death shall cease.

Just as our last form goes to press, news comes of the death of Hon.
Benjamin P. Avery, United States Minister to China, and late editor of
the Overland. The shock is so sudden we can hardly realize our friend
has gone from our gaze forever. Have the cruel wires lied, or has his
gentle spirit passed from this world of care and pain to "the land where
all is peace"?

Mr. Avery was in many respects a remarkable man. He typified the
ripest fruitage of our western thought and culture. He was essenrially
Califomian, but he represented the finer feminine side of California —
California in those gentler moods of which we see too little- He had the
freshness without the brusqueness of the fronder spirit. Perhaps no one
person did so much to educate the people of the State in the right direc-
tion — to lift the thoughts of men above the sordid interests of the hour
and the mean ambitions of personal gain. He embodied in his life and
character that spirit of a broader culture, purer morals, and loftier aims
which consritute the basis of all healthy growth. He loved California
with an almost idolatrous love, but lamented its hard materialism, and

[60]



strove to make it more worthy of its great destiny. And he was un-
wearying in his efforts to elevate and refine. The hours that other workers
gave to rest and recreation he devoted to the building up of new aesthetic
interests and the study of those gentler arts that uplift society and
smooth down the sharp angles of our western life. He was one of those
rare men who are estimated rather below than above their true value.
His modesty made him shy; and some people, who but half knew him,
made the mistake of thinking he lacked force. No man was more firm
in upright purpose — could be more courageous in the assertion of honest
conviction. His adherence to principle was firm and imcompromising.
He was constitutionally incapable of putting a falsehood in print, or
perverting facts to partisan uses. His pen was never soiled by an attack
upon private character. He abhorred with all the intensity. of a pure soul
the personalides of journalism.

His capacity for work was marvelous. We cannot recall a journalist,
with perhaps the exceprion of the late Henry J. Raymond, who could
write so rapidly, yet so pointedly and correctly. His well-stored mind
poured forth its treasures in a rapid-flowing copious stream. He was
equally ready in all departments of joumalisdc activity. He was an
admirable dramatic critic, was well versed in the elementary principles
of music, while in the specialty of art criticism he was without a rival
among Califomian writers. His editorials were models of clear state-
ment and strong but elegant English, while all that he wrote was per-
vaded by a certain spirit of candor and a power of moral conscience that
compelled attention and carried conviction. While the prevailing tone
of his mind was serious, few writers could be more delightfully playful,
more charmingly humorous.

Socially Mr. Avery was very lovable. In him all the virtues seemed
harmoniously combined. He was absolutely without guile, as he was
without vices. His heart overflowed with love for his fellows. He could
not bear to think ill of any one, and if a sense of public duty compelled
him to criticise, it was done so kindly, so regretfully, that censure lost
half its sting. And his friendships were so firm and steadfast, his trust in
those he loved, so deep and unquestioning! Who that has felt the grasp
of his manly hand, and looked into the quiet depths of his kindly eye,
can ever forget the subtile influence that crept like a balm into his soul?
He lived in and for his friends. Caring little for general society, his social
world was bounded by a charmed circle of intimates. He was such a
delightful companion; so fresh and bright and genial, so apt in repartee,
so quaindy witty, so rich in various learning without taint of pedantry.
To know him, to be much in his society, to feel the sweet influence of his
pure life, was a boon and blessing. He is dead; but the seed of thought
and culture he has sown has not fallen on barren ground. His work survives
him. The interests he promoted and the institutions he helped found,
are living monuments of his beneficent activity. We shall see him no
more in the flesh, but his spirit will long be a pervading presence to hosts
of loving hearts. San Francisco Overland Monthly^ December, 1875.

[61]



FANNY FALCONER AVERY"

"PANNY FALCONER AVERY", second daughter of Samuel
-*- Putnam Avery", and Mary Ann (Ogden) Avery, was bom
November 3^^, 1849, Brooklyn, N. Y. Married, February is*S
1881, Rev. Manfred P. Welcher, born, October 27*^ 1850, New-
ark, N. Y. (Williams College, 1877). She died, Hartford, Conn.,
July 22''<*, 1918.

CHILDREN

I Welcher", Emjna Parke Avery, bom, November 26*'', 1881, New

York.
II Welcher", Alice Lee, born. May i7tS 1884, New York.
Ill Welcher", Lester Groome, bom, July i'*, 1885, New York.
IV Welcher", Amy Ogden, born, March *24*^ 1887, N^w York.



[62]




HENRY OGDEN AVERY'"

BORN IN BROOKLYN, N, Y., JANUARY 31'
DIED IN NEW YORK, APRIL 30*'', 18



1852,



Direct descendant of William Avery*, who settled in Dedham, Mass., in 1650, and
Richard Warren', who came in the Mayflower, 1620, and settled in Plymouth,
Mass. Also direct descendant of Richard Parle', who sailed from London, England,
in the ship Defence, August lo*"*, 1635, and arrived at Boston, Mass., October 3"^,
1635.



HENRY OGDEN AVERY"

TTENRY OGDEN AVERY", second son of Samuel Putnam
•■• •*■ Avery" and Mary Ann (Ogden) Avery, was bom January
3i"S 1852, Brooklyn, N. Y. Died, New York, April 30*^ 1890.
He never married.

"Henry Ogden Avery developed early in life a strong interest
in art, and entering the Cooper Union Art School turned his at-
tention especially to architecture. In 1870 he was admitted as a
student to the office of his father's friend Russell Sturgis. In
September, 1872, he became a student in the ficole des Beaux
Arts, Paris, France, where he applied himself with great zeal to
master his chosen profession. Not only that, but to the study of
language, of music, of political economy and the history and laws
• of the land of his birth.

"This was his life for several years in the French capital; and
after graduating he retume'd to New York and entered the office
of Richard M. Hunt, later on taking up business on his own ac-
count, when he achieved considerable success. Meantime his
professional zeal was too ardent to be contented with ordinary
routine. He delivered lectures before the Architectural League
and the Gotham Art students and wrote for Scribiur^s Magazine
a history of the Paris school of fine arts, also other articles for
several periodicals on topics connected with art. It must be
that greater work lay before him, but failing health compelled
him to withdraw until his death on April 30*'', 1890."

The death of Henry O. Avery removes one of the few organizers and
superior workers for the good of the profession at large; one of those who
had high ideals of professional intercourse and work, whose time was
always at the disposal of the Architectural League and other sodeties
with which he was identified. His acquaintance with all the alUed arts
made his service valuable; he had great efficiency and ability in organiz-

[63]



big and aiding all enterprises that tended to bring architects together
and to Inculcate an esprit de corps. At a time when so many think only
of the almighty dollar, he sacrificed his own Interest In service, and service
is the hardest thing to get and the most valuable when so unselfish as
was his. The American Architect and Building News.

The Archzologlcal Institute of America, New York Society, through
the undersigned, who have been appointed a committee for the purpose,
records Its sense of the loss that it has suffered in the death of Henry
Ogden Avery, one of its most zealous members, and one who promised to
be a chief support and help of the society and the Institute in all its future
work. The undertaking of the Institute is new, and has reached but a
slight development as yet; but in looking at the possible future, we can-
not but feel that one of our chief hopes has been removed in the taking
away of Avery. Thoroughly taught, first in the architectural o£Bce of a
member of this committee, and then, for an unusual number of years, at
the Scole des Beaux Arts and a good Paris atelier; afterward engaged in
the active practice of his profession in New York, in one of the largest
and busiest offices of the city, and independently, he was eminently in-
telligent, thoughtful, highly instructed, and high-aiming as an architect,
as a decorative designer, and as a member of his profession and of the
whole community.

In the societies with which he had been connected he was markedly
useful, and was^illlng to sacrifice time and strength for the cause In
which he had enlisted; he was not one of those who will accept oflSce for
the honor it may give without discharging the duties which it brings
with it. In our society he has been a member of the Committee on Mem-
bership, and has shown great zeal in that which must be the foundation
of all success — the filling up of the roll of members. Other services
were to come, and the personal esteem felt for him and our personal re-
grets at his loss are intensified by our sense of what the cause of archasology
and the study of art have suffered in this premature death. Archaological
Institute of America, New York Society.

Russell Sturgis
Frederic J. De Peyster
Wm. L. Andrews.

Committee.

At its monthly meeting the Secretary moved that the Chapter take
appropriate action In honor of the memory of the late Henry O. Avery,
practicing member, who died since the last meeting of the Chapter, on
Wednesday, April 30"*. After some eulogistic remarks from members the
following memorial, prepared by President Littell, was moved, seconded


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Online LibrarySamuel Putnam AveryThe Avery, Fairchild & Park families of Massachusetts Connecticut & Rhode Island : with a short narration of facts concerning Mr. Richard Warren Mayflower passenger and his family connections with Thomas Little → online text (page 6 of 12)