Samuel Taylor Coleridge.

Coleridge's Poems; a facsimile reproduction of the proofs and mss. of some of the poems online

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Coleridge's Poems

A Facsimile Reproduction of the Proofs




Autfur «/"" Samuel Taylor Coleridge, A Narrati-ue of the Events

tf his Life} " and Editor of '■'• The Poetical fVorks

ef Samuel Taylor Coleridge,"









The number of copies of this IVork which are
printed for sale is limited to 250 of the sfuall
paper and 50 of the large paper editions. The
latter are numbered.


In his edition of Coleridge's Poetical Works
(1893) Mr. Dykes Campbell says (p. 613), "There
is a much-tortured draft of Love in the British
Museum, of which (and of several other curiosities
of the kind) I have printed a type-facsimile. The
little volume only aw^aits a preface and notes."
There are also other allusions to the contents of
this volume in the notes to the Poetical Works.
Mr. Campbell died soon after the printing of the
facsimile was completed, and the preface and notes
to it were not written. He indicated the source
whence the latter part of his facsimile was de-
rived, but there was nothing in it to show where
or what was the original of the first part. At
last, after much search, it was discovered to be the
colledlion of proofs belonging to Mr. R. A. Potts,
to which there is a reference at p. 574 P. IV.
Mr. Campbell had spent much labour and time
upon these " curiosities," and although it can
hardly be hoped that their sale will be large, it has
been thought worth while to publish them. They
A 2


were already printed, and there may be a few
students and lovers of Coleridge to whom any
record of his ways and methods may be precious.
They are also evidence, although no additional
evidence is needed, of the religious care with
which Mr, Campbell discharged his duty as
biographer and editor. I cannot attempt to sup-
ply a substitute for what he left undone. I should
fear the comparison between anything I might
venture to say and conjectures of what my friend
would have said, and I must confine myself to a
few words of description and explanation.

Mr. Potts has kindly lent me his little volume.
It is bound in boards and the corrections are in
Coleridge's own hand. On the back is written
"Coleridge's MSS. Corre6led copy of a work."
On the side in Coleridge's hand are the words
" Mr. Cottle's." In part it is a copy of the Poeins
of 1796 prepared for the printer, but it is not a
final revise. It is interleaved in MS., and in
addition to a portion of the text of 1796 it con-
tains proofs of the notes of 1797 and of the Ode
to the Departing Tear. The 1796 text in the
present reprint is on white paper. The MS-


interleaving and the proofs of notes are on blue
paper. The proofs of the Ode are on w^hite paper.
Erased letters, words and passages, are printed in
italics and are enclosed in brackets. The paging
of the reprint is at the bottom.

j^dvertisement, — This is to be found at p. 243
of the Poems of 1797. The list of poems follovv^-
ing the advertisement is the list of Coleridge's
poems in the supplement to that edition excluding
On the Christening of a Friend's Child.

Religious Musings (p. 55). — The passage about
Priestley w^hich is here struck out was restored in
1797, but without the two and a half lines begin-
ning at " Whom that " expressing " impotent re-
gret " that the author had never seen him.

Notes. — There are three sets of proofs of the
notes which follow those on Religious Musings^
but the first ends in the middle of note 13 about
light from plants. The third proof is uncor-
rected. There is also an uncorrected proof of
the note on the Chattcrton Monody. Mr. Camp-
bell has printed only one set incorporating in it
all the corrections with the exception of one or
two which are of no importance-


Note on the Monody to Chatterton. — This is the
suppressed note to which Cottle refers {Early
RecolleciionSj i. 34 — Reminiscences, 24). He says,
" on this note being shown to me, I remarked
that * Captain Blake, whom he occasionally met,
was the son-in-law of Dean Milles.' ' What,'
said Mr. Coleridge, ' the man with the great
sword ? ' ' The same,' I answered. ' Then,' said
Mr. C. with an assumed gravity, * I will suppress
this note to Chatterton ; the fellow might have
my head ofF before I am aware ! ' To be sure
there was something rather formidable in his huge
dragoon's sword, constantly rattling by his side !
This Captain Blake was a member of the Bristol
Corporation, and a pleasant man, but his sword
was prodigious ! 'The sight of it,' Mr. C. said,
' was enough to set half-a-dozen poets scampering
up Parnassus, as though hunted by a wild masta-
don.' " Cottle then professes to give the note,
but his version differs from that of the MS. now

Note to the Sonnet on Burke. — The cancelled
passage is taken from the Watchman, No. i. p. 22,
(See P. IV., p. 574). The last paragraph of the


note seems to assume the existence of the Watch-
man, and it may have been adlually written before
13 May, 1796, when the Watchman came to an
end, although the proof is set up for the edition of

Note to The Composition of a Kiss. — Mr. E. R.
Norris Mathews, the City Librarian at Bristol,
has kindly given me the following description of
the Carmina ^uadragesimalia to which Coleridge

[The title-page : vol. i.] Carmina | quadra-
gesimalia | ab | aedis Christi | Oxon. j Alumnis
composita | et ab | ejusdem aedis | Baccalaureis
Determinantibus | in | Schola | Naturalis Philo-
sophiae | publice recitata.

Oxonii, ]e Theatre Sheldoniano | mdccxxiii. |

[The title page of the second volume is identical

as far as " recitata," then — ] Volumen Secundum.

I Oxonii, e Theatro Sheldoniano, | mdccxlviii.

Coleridge alters " Adiddit " {sic) to " Addit et,"
but it is " Additit" in the original. Who " L.
Thomas " was is not known. The title of the
poem is "An Omne Corpus Componatur? AfP."


Ode on the Departing Tear. — There are two
proofs, neither of them final revises, but the second
comes after the first in order of time. This is
evident from Coleridge's remark at p. 97 and
Cottle's reply at p. iii. Cottle and his printer
have therefore paid but small attention to Cole-
ridge's dire£lions, and Cottle's note on the second
proof to the line In the black chamber^ etc.^ is
wrong, as it is clearly struck out in the first proof.
The reference on p. 88 is to Bishop Lowth's
Short Introduction to English Grammar. The list
of poems (p. 98) is a list of all Charles Lloyd's
poems included in the edition of 1797.

The remainder of Mr. Campbell's facsimile
consists of extracts from the British Museum
MSS. quoted on p. 1 13. They are bound in a
thin volume, which was bought of Mr. H. Bohn
in 1 868. It contains To Lesbia, Morienti Superstes^
The Death of the Starlings three lines from De-
jection^ and a prose note besides the poems now
printed. The leaves are separate and belong to
different dates.

The Dark Ladie. — This was first printed in the
Morning Post of 2 1 Dec, 1 799. It next appeared,



greatly altered, as Love^ in the second (rSoo)
edition of the Lyrical Ballads. There are four
forms of it known to me, that of the present
transcript, the Morning Post^ the Longman MS.,'
and the Lyrical Ballads. It would be interesting
to print a variorum edition of the poem, but as
this is impossible in the space allotted to me,
reference must be made by the reader who wishes
to understand the relationship between these four
forms to P. /^., pp. 612-614. The MS. of our
facsimile is clearly prior to the Morning Post.
The two stanzas following the fifth to the left
and right are essays in the construction of two
stanzas in the Morning Post. The last line of
the 28th stanza is to be found in a remodelled
stanza in the Post and in the Longman MS., but
Coleridge has obliterated the whole verse in the
latter. This is enough to show, independently
of all the other obvious considerations, that it is
an early, if not the first draft, which we have be-
fore us. The exquisite 25th stanza has not before

^ A Description of the Wordsivorth and Coleridge MSS. in
the possession of Mr. T. Norton Longman. Edited with notes
by W. Hale White, 1897.


been printed. To my mind and ear it is inimit-
able, and it is of itself sufficient to justify the pub-
lication of Mr. Campbell's labours.

The second MS. is an incomplete copy of Love.
Those stanzas which are found in the MS. vary
but slightly from those in the final version, vvrith
the exception of the last two on p. 127. The
first of these is in the Post and Longman MSS.,
but, as I have just said, has been struck out in the
latter, and is consequently not in the Lyrical
Ballads. The second of the two stanzas corre-
sponds with the Post and Longman MSS. The
date of this portion of the MS. of the facsimile is
probably after that of the Post and before that of
the Longman MSS.

Lewtt. — It may be worth while to note that
Coleridge most likely takes his " Tamaha " from
the " Alatamaha " of Bartlett's Travels in North
America (p. 12).

W. Hale White.




N.B. To be placed before the poems which I
have retained.




HAVE excepted the following Poems from thofe,
which I had determined to omit. Some intelligent
friends particularly requefted it, obferving, that


what delighted me, when I was "young in writing
poetry, would probably beft pleafe thofe, who are
young in reading poetry : and a man muft learn to be


pleafed with a subjedt before he can [^/V^] that atten-
tion to it, which is requifite in order to acquire a juft
tafte." I however was fully convinced, that he, who
gives to the Prefs what he does not thoroughly ap-
prove in his own clofet, commits an aft of difrefpeft
[cr] both againft himfelf and his fellow-citizens. The
requeft & the reafoning would not therefore have
influenced me, had they not been affifted by other
motives. The firft in order of thefe Verfcs, which I

have thus endeavoured to reprieve from imme-


diate was originally addreflcd " To the Author of
Poems publiflicd anonymoufly, at BriRol." A fecond
Edition of thcfe poems has lately appeared with the
Author's name prefixed, and I could not refufc myfelf

of feeing

the gratification the name of that man among
my poems, without whofe kindnefs they would
probably have remained unpublifhcd ; and to
whom I know myfcif greatly & varioufly
obliged, as a poet, a man, and a Chriilian. — The
fecond is entitled " an Efi"ufion on an autumnal
Evening, written in early youth." In a note to
this poem I had affcrted, that the Tale of Florio in
Mr Rogers's '• Pleafures of Memory " was to be

of Bruce.

found in the Loch leven I did (and ilill do)
perceive a certain likenefs between the two fto-


ries ; but certainly not a fufEcient to juftify my




affertion. I feel it my Duty therefore to apologize
to the Author 81 the Public for this raflinefs ; and
my fenfe of honefty would not have been fatisfied
by the bare omiffion of the note. No one can fee
more clear[«^y}] than myfelf the littlenefs & futility
of imagining plagiarifms in \jhe\ the works of men
of Genius ; but nemo omnibus horis fapit, and my
mind, at the time of writing that note, was fick &
fore with anxiety, and weakened thro' much fufFering.
I have not the moft SJinowlege^^ diftant knowlege
of Mr Rogers, except as a correft & elegant Poet.
If any of my readers fhould know him perfonally,

ing him

they would oblige me by inform[fr] that I have
expiated a fentence of unfounded detraftion by a»
\^fenten'\ unfolicited & felf-originating apology.


Having from thefe motives {retained^ two, & thofe
the longeft of the poems, I had omitted, I \_gave a\


yielded a pafTport to the three others, which \had'\
were recommended by the greatefl number of
votes. — There arc fomc Lines too of Lloyd's «&;
Lambs in this appendix. They had been omitted
in the former part of the volume partly by accident ;
but I have reafon to believe, that the Authors regard
them, as of inferior merit ; & they are \the^^ are
therefore rightly placed, where they will receive
fome beauty from their vicinity to others much

1. To Jofeph Cottle, Author of &c

2. An EfFufion on an Autumnal Evening, written in

early Youth,

3. Verfcs in the manner of Spencer.

4. The Compofition of a Kifs.
5'^ To an Infant.

Then Lamb's & Lloyd's.



[ret thou more bright than all the Angel Blaze
That harbinger' d thy birth, thou, Man of Woes
Defpifed Galilean! For the Great
Inviftble (by fymbols only feen)
Seems with peculiar i£ unfulUed light
To jhine from forth tV opprejjed Good Man's face,']


\_Religious Mujings, a defultory Poem zvritten on the
Chrijlmas Eie of 1 794.

This is the time, when, mojl divine to hear

The voice of Adoration roufes me.

As with a Cherub's trump : till high upborne

Tea, mingling with the ^dre, I feem to viezv

The Vifion of the heavenly Multitude, 5

That hymned the fong of Peace oer Bethleherih fields

[Making the mid?iight glorious

Tet more bright,^
Tet thou more bright than all the Angel Hoji
That harbinger d thy birth, thou, Man of Woes
Defpifed Galilaanl For the Great 10

Invifible {by fymbols only feen)']


\_With a peculiar and furpajftng Light 12

Shines from the vifage oftV opprefs'd Good Many
When heedlefs of himfelf the fcourged Saint [15]

Mourns for the" Oppreffor. \^Son of the moji high']
\_Preeminent'] Fair [zV] the Vernal mead, 15

[in] the high

Fair '[the high] Grove, the Sea, the Sun, the Stars ;


Yet nor high Grove nor many-col\_ou']r''d fnead
[Bright Imprefs each of their creating Sire/]
Nor the green Ocean zuith his thoufand IJles [20]

Nor the Jlarr'd Jzure, nor the fovran Sun [20]

E'er with fuch majejly 0/ portraiture 20

Imaged the unimaginable God

iour e

j^s thou, meek Sav[ior] ! at th[at] fearful hour
When thy infulted Anguijh &'c.]



[When all of Self regardlefs the fcour^d Saint
Mo urn i for tF OppreJJor. O thou meekeft Man I 25
Meek Man and lowUefi of the Sons of Men !
Who thee beheld thy imaged Father fazv.
His Power and Wifdum from thy azvful eye
Blended their beams, and loftier Love fate there
Mufing on human weal, and that dread hour'\ [30]
When thy infulted Anguifh vving'd the prayer
Harp'd by Archangels, when they fing of Mercy ! [25]
Which when th' Almighty heard, from forth his
Throne 25

fill'd Heaven with extacy —

Diviner light \_fajh^d extacy o'er Heaven /]
Heav'n's hymnings paus'd : and Hell her yawning
mouth [35]

Clos'd a brief moment.



Lovely was the Death
Of Him, whofe Life was Love ! Holy with power [30]
He on the thought-benighted Sceptic beam'd 3o

Manifeft Godhead, melting into day [40]

floating Mills of dark

What [Mijls dim-fioating of] Idolatry


[Sp/it] and misfhap'd the Omniprefent Sire :
[J/idfrJ^ by Terror, Mercy's ftartling prelude.


Vncharm'd the \Spirii\fpell-bound with earthly lujis] 35

Till of it's nobler Nature it 'gan feel [45]

Dim recolledlions ; and thence foar'd to Hope,

Strong to believe whate'er of myftic good [40]

Not fmaii Th' Eternal dooms for his Immortal Sons. [40]

cap. 4- firmer "i"

From Hope and \_ftronger] Faith to perfect Love 40
Attrafted and abforb'd : and center'd there [50]

God only to behold, and know, and feel.
Till by exclufive Confcioufnefs of God


Note to line 34.
To Nor]r6v ^trjpt'iKaoiy tig "/roWwy
Qtwv l^ioTTj-a?, Damas. de myft. ^gypt.

34th [6- 35'*] line[/] thus
[^Renetver of the ancient Truth ! Avd Jirjl
By Terror he uncharm'd the JlumV ring Spirit,']

And firft by Fear uncharm'd the droufed foul,

Till of it's nobler &c.


Note to line 44,

See this demonftrated by [t'/V^ Hartley 6^ Piftcrius\
Hartley, Vol. I. p. 114, & Vol. IP. p. 329. See
it likewife proved, and freed from the charge of
myrticifm, by Piilorius in his Notes & Additions to
part fecond of Hartley on Man. Addition the 18'^
the 653'''' page of the third Volume of Hartley ; — -
octavo Edition.



All felf-annihilated it fhall make [45]

God it's Identity : God all in all ! 45

We and our Father one ! [55]

And blefl are they.
Who in this flcfhly World, the eled: of Heaven,
Their ftrong eye darting thro' the deeds of Men
Adore with ftedfaft unprefuming gaze
Him, Nature's Eflence, Mind, and Energy ! [60] 50
And gazing, trembling, patiently afcend
Treading beneath their feet all vifible things
As fteps, that upward to their Father's Throne
Lead gradual — elfe nor glorified nor lov'd.
They nor Contempt imhofom nor Revenge : [65] 55
For THEY dare know of what may feem deform
The Supreme Fair fole Operant : in vvhofe fight


All things are pure, his ftrong controlling Love
Alike from all educing perfedl good.

Their's too celeftial courage, inly arm'd [70] 60

Dwarfing Earth's giant brood, what time they mufe
On their great Father, great beyond compare !
And marching onwards view high o'er their heads
His waving Banners of Omnipotence.

Who the Creator love, created might [75] 65

Dread not : within their tents no Terrors walk.
For they arc Holy Things before the Lord
Aye-unprofan'd, tho' Earth fhould league with Hell !
God's Altar grafping with an eager hand
Fear, the vvild-vifag'd, pale, eye-ftarting wretch, [80] 70
Sure-rcfug'd hears his hot purfuing fiends



[80] All things of terrible feeming : yea, unmov'd

Views e'en th' immitigable Minifters 80

That (hower down vengeance on thefe latter days.

For kindling with intenfer Deity

From the celeftial Mercy-seat they come,

And at the revovating Wells of Love

Have fill'd their Vials with falutary Wrath 85


Yell at vain diftance. Soon rcfrefh'd from Heaven
He calms the throb and tempeft of his heart.

His countenance fettles : a foft folemn blifs

Swims in his eye : his fwimming eye uprais'd : [8] 5

And Faith's whole armour glitters on his limbs !

And thus transfigured with a dreadlefs awe,

A folemn hufh of foul, meek he beholds

All things of terrible feeming. \_yea, and there,

Unjhudder' d, unaghajled, he jhall view [pjo

E'en the Seven Spirits, who in the latter day

b I aft i n g

Will Jhower hot \jiejiilence^ on the fans of men.

For he Jhall knozv, his heart Jhall under Jl and ,

That kindling with intenjer Deity

They from the Mercv-seat — like rojy flames, [95]

leapt forth

From God's Celeftial Mercy-seat \_willflajh'].
And at the wells of renovating Love


Fill their Seven Vials with falutarj wrath,']
To fickly Nature more medicinal
That what foft balm the weepinggood manpours [ 1 00]
Into the lone defpoiled trav'ller's wounds !

Thus from th' Elefl, regenerate thro' faith,
Pafs the dark Paffions and what thirfty Cares 90

Drink up the fpirit and the dim regards
Self-center. Lo they vanifh ! or acquire [105]

New names, new features — by fupernal grace
Enrob'd with Light, and naturaliz'd in Heaven.
As when a Shepherd on a vernal morn 95

Thro* fome thick fog creeps tim'rous with flow foot,
Darkling he fixes on th' immediate road [i 10]

His downward eye : all elfe of faireft kind
Hid or deform'd. But lo, the burfting Sun !


Note to Line 90.

Our evil paffions under the influence of Religion
become innocent 8c may be made to animate our
virtues — in the fame manner as the thick mill melted
by the Sun incrcafes the Light, which it had before

In the preceding paragraph agreeably to this Truth
we had allegorically narrated the transfiguration of
Fear into holy Awe,



Touch'd by th' enchantment of that fudden beam loo

Strait the black vapor melteth, and in globes

Of dewy glitter gems each plant and tree : [i ^S]

On every leaf, on every blade it hangs !

Dance glad the new-born intermingling rays,

And wide around the landfcape ftreams with glory ! 105

There is one Mind, one omniprefent Mind,
Omnific. His mofl holy name is Love. [120]

Truth of fubliming import! with the which
Who feeds and faturates his conilant foul.
He from his fmall particular orbit flies no

With bleft outftarting ! From himself he flies,
Stands in the Sun, and with no partial gaze [125]
Views all creation, and he loves it all.
And blefles it, and calls it very good !

L 2



This is indeed to dwell with the moft High! 115

Cherubs and rapture-trembling Seraphim

Can prefs no nearer to th' Almighty's Throne. [130]

But that we roam unconfcious, or with hearts

Unfeeling of our univerfal Sire,

And that in his vaft family no Cain 120

Injures uninjur'd (in her beft-aim'd blow

Vidorious Murder a blind Suicide) ["35]

Haply for this fome younger Angel now

Looks down on Human Nature : and, behold !

A fea of blood beftrcw'd with wrecks, where mad 125

Embattling Interests on each other rufli

With unhelm'd Rage ! ['4°]

'Tis the fublime of man.
Our noontide Majefty, to know ourfelves


Note to 135th Line.

If to make aught but the fupreme Reality

the objcfV of final purfuit t h e

l^our rul'nig PtiJJio7i\ be Superftition, if \^f^lfely to'] attri-
biit[^]ing of fublime properties to things, or pcrfons,
which thofe things or perfons neither do or can pofTcfs,
be fuperftition ; then Avarice & Ambition are
Superftitions : and he, who wiflaes to eftimatc the
evils of Superftition, fliould tranfport himfelf, not


to the temple[j] of [M^;p] the Mexican Deities but the
plains of Flanders, or the coaft of Africa. — Sucli is


the fcntimcnt conve)'[///^] in this & the fubfcqucnt



Parts and proportions of one wond'rous whole :
This fraternizes man, this conftitutcs 130

Our charities and bearings. But 'tis God [HS]

DifFus'd thro' al], that doth make all one whole ;
This the woril fuperlHtion, him except,
Aught to defire, Supreme Reality !
The plenitude and permanence of blifs ! 135

[ O Fie?ids of S UPERSTiriON ! not that oft [150]
Tour pitiiefs rites have floated with marl's blood
Thejkull-pird Temple, not for this pall wrath
Thunder againft you from the Holy One !
But {whether ye th* unc/itnbing Bigot mock
With fee ondary Gods, or if more pleas'' d ['55]

Te petrify tV [imbrotheird'\ Atheifs heart.
The Atheift your zvorfl flave) I o'er fome plain
Peopled with Deathy and to the ft lent Sun


Steaming with tyrant-murder' d multitudes ;

Or where fnid groans and Jhrieks loud-laughing

TRADE [l6o]


More hideous packs his bales of \living'\ anguijh y]
I will raife up a mourning, O ye Fiends !
And curfe your fpells, that film the eye of Faith[;],
Hiding the prefent God[,] ; whofe prefence loft, 145
The moral world's cohefion, we become ['^S]

An Anarchy of Spirits ! Toy-bewitch'd,
Made blind by lufts, difherited of foul,
No common center Man, no common fire
Knoweth ! A fordid folitary thing, 150

Mid countlefs brethren with a lonely heart [170]
Thro' courts and cities the fmooth Savage roams
Feeling himfclf, his own low Self the whole.
When he by facrcd fympathy might make


O Fiends of Superstition ! not that, oft

The erring Pricft hath flain'd with Brother's blood,

Your gridy Idols, not for this may Wrath

Thunder againll you from the Holy One !

But o'er fome plain, that fteameth to the Sun 140

Peopled with Death ; or where more hideous Trade

Loud-laughing packs his bales of human anguifh ;



Note to line i6o. .

January 21" 1794, in the debate on the Addrefs to
his Majefty, on the Speech from the Tiifone, the Earl
of Guildford moved an amendment to the following
effeft : " That the Houfe hoped, His Majefty would
feize the earlieft opportunity to [rf] conclude a peace
with France Sec" [Op] This motion was oppofed by
the Duke of Portland, who " confidered the war to be
merely grounded on one principle — -the prefervation of
the Christian Religion. May 30th, 1794, the Duke
of Bedford moved a number of Refolutions with a view
to the eftablifhmcnt of a Peace with France. He was
oppofed (among others) by Lord Abingdon in thefe

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Online LibrarySamuel Taylor ColeridgeColeridge's Poems; a facsimile reproduction of the proofs and mss. of some of the poems → online text (page 1 of 4)