Samuel W Durant.

History of Oneida County, New York : with illustrations and biographical sketches of some of its prominent men and pioneers online

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Online LibrarySamuel W DurantHistory of Oneida County, New York : with illustrations and biographical sketches of some of its prominent men and pioneers → online text (page 1 of 192)
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The original of this book is in
the Cornell University Library.

There are no known copyright restrictions in
the United States on the use of the text.



http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924100210974



In compliance with current

copyright law, Cornell University

Library produced this

replacement volume on paper

that meets the ANSI Standard

Z39.48-1992 to replace the

irreparably deteriorated original.

2005



CORNELL

UNIVERSITY

LIBRARY




FROM

The Utica Public LroraTy

(in exchange)




LITM BY Ln Cvrms fU LA fA



TRENT0N FALLS, HY-




V^^STO;^^



-OF-



ONEIDA COUNTY,



NEW YORK.



t-^=»WITH<=5_>



fllit»trai{0ns and |||i0gra^ltttal Slteklie^



t-g=aOF«=^_>



SOME OF ITS PROMINENT MEN AND PIONEERS.



PHILADELPHIA:



-1878,







PRESS OF J. B. LIPPINCOTT & CO., PHILADELPHIA.



CONTENTS.



HIISTOILIO^L.




HISTORY OF ONEIDA COUNTY, NEW YORK.


OHAPTEE


FAOE


OHAPTES


PAOB


XXIII. — Augusta


409


I. — Physiottl Features ....


9


XXIV.-Ava ....


417


II. — Pre-Historic Eaeea ....


14


XXV.— Boonville


419


III. — Indian Occupation


15


XXVI.— Bridgewater


427


IV. — Protestant Missions


29


XXVII.— Camden


432


V. — French Discoveries


36


XXVIII.— Deerfield .


439


YI.— Settlements in the Mohawlt Valley


45


XXIX.— Florence


447


VII.— Land-Titles


53


XXXT- Floyd . . .


. 449


Vni.— The Revolution


67


XXXI.— Forestport .


452


IX. — Second Meeting of the Continental Congress


SI


XXXII.— Kirkland .


. 464


X. — Burgoyne'a Campaign


91


XXXIII.— Lee .


. 472


XI. — St. Leger's Proclamation ....


101


XXXIV.— Marcy .


. 480


XII.— Relief of Fort Stanwix


115


XXXV.— Marshall


. 484


XIII. — Surrender of Burgoyne


131


XXXVL— New Hartford


. 487


XrV. — Sullivan's Campaign . . . .


141


XXXVII.— Paris .


. 495


XV.— Civil Organization


167


XXXVIII.— Remsen


. 507


XVI. — Internal Improvements


174


XXXIX.— Sangerfleld .


. 616


XVII.— The Oneida Civil List .


185


XL. — Steuben


: . 526


XVIII.— The Learned Professions


191


XLI.— Trenton


534


XIX.— Statistical


239


XLII. — Vernon


670






XLIII.— Verona


. 580


HISTORY OF THE VILLAGE AND CITY


HF


XLIV.— Vienna


. 687


UTICA.




XLV.— Western ....


. 593


XX.— The Village of Utica . .


257


XLVI.— Westmoreland


. 600


HISTORY OF THE TOWNS AND VILLAGES


OF


XLVII.— Whitestown .


. 610


ONEIDA COUNTY.




XLVIII.— Biographical


628


XXr. — City of Rome ....


363


XLIX.— Military History and Rosters . . .639


XXII.— Annsville


403







ILIL.TJST:E2/.A.TIOnsrS.



PAGE

View of Trenton Falls (Frontispiece) . . facing Title- Page.

Map of Oneida County . ^ facing 9

Portrait of Rev. Samuel Kirkland .... "29

Map Oneida County, showing Patents, Land Grants, 1829 " 63

Portrait of Joseph Brant (Tbayendanegea) . . "70

Plan of St. Leger's March 93

Portrait of Peter Gansevoort 95

Plan of the Siege of Fort Stanwix . .... 102

" " Battle of Oriskany 105

View of County Infirmary, Rome .... facing 234
" N. T. State Lunatic Asylum, Utica . . " 234

Plan of Rome, in 1810 382

Baron Steuben Monument facing 637

Portrait of CoL Marinus Willett .... "638

CITY OF UTICA.

Portrait of Francis Keman facing 257

Residence of Thomas Hopper " 264

" the late John Butterfield . . between 264, 265

Portrait of John Butterfield .... •• 264, 265

" Hiram Greenman facing 276

" Silas C. Greenman " 276

" Josiah Eathbun « 294

" James Benton ...... " 298

" Horatio Seymour (steel) . . , , " 299

" Ellis H. Roberts "301

" Do Witt C. Grove "303



Ballon Block

Portrait of John J. Francis
" E. B. Shearman

Utica City Library

Hackett's Block .

Portrait of C. Haokett (steel)
" John Carton

" Owen O'Neil

Faxton Hospital

Portrait of H. Barnard
" E. S. Barnum

" Wm. J. Bacon

" Robert Middleton (steel)

" Thomas Hopper "

" T. S. Faxton "

" Hiram Greenman "

" B. J. Richardson "

" Patrick Cassidy

" Wm. H. Watson (steel)

" Ebenezer Leach

" Jacob Hunt (steel) .

" Alonzo Churchill (steel)

" Alfred Churchill

" John (Jean) B. Marchisi

" William Russell (steel)

" G.A.Foster .

" C. H. Hopkins .



facing



FACE

307

312

318

" 320

between 320, 321

320, 321

facing 330

334

" 335

338

" 341

. 347

between 348-349

" 348-349

facing 349

between 350-351

" 360-361

. 361

facing



facing



facing



362
363
354
355
365
357
358
369
359



CONTENTS.



IL3LTJSTI?.^TIOlNrS.



Portrait of Stephen Thorn .

" John B. Wells (steel)

" Philo Grldley .



FAQH

. 360

facing 360

. 362



CITY OF ROME.

Residence of A. Sthridge ....

" Henry Patrick, with Portrait

Portrait of A. Ethridge ....

" N. Hyde Leffingwell

" L. Zenana Lef&ngwell

Residence of D. M. Crowell, with Portraits
Portraits of Elijah Crowell and Wife
Residence of Jonathan Talcott

" E. B. Armstrong, with Portrait

" George Ahhe, with Portraits

Portrait of Harold H. Pope

" Roland S. Doty

<• D. M. K. Johnson (steel)

" M. C. West (steel) .



ANNSVIIiLE.

Portraits of Nelson Dawley and Wife

" Harrison Lillybridge and Wife

Portrait of W. J. Lasher ....

AUGUSTA.

Residence of George W. Dodge
" ■ W. G. Strong




BOONVILLE.

Portrait of Thomas TrafTam
Residence of John M. Fisk, with Portraits
Portraits of Walter Booth and Wife .
Residence of Samuel Johnson, with Portrait

" B. 0. Jackson, with Portraits

Portrait of A. L. Hayes ....

" P. B. Shultz ....

BKIDGEWATER.

Residence of S. Bailey

" W. N. Southworth

Portrait of Silas B. Wood .

" Nehemiah N. Peiree
Old Homestead of Jesse Ives

CAMDEN.

Residence of E. B. TTpson

" J. G. Dorranoe, with Portrait

McCall Bros. Canning-Factory
Portraits of Francis Skinner and Wife

DEERFIELD.

Residence of Archibald Blue (double page)

" L. C. Schermerhorn

" Allen L. Blue ...

Portrait of Duncan Blue ....

" Allen L. Blue ....

Residence of Peter Walker

" James M. Cox, with Portraits

" Stephen Northup (double page)

" Robert Coventry .

" Franklin S. Davis (double page) ,

" Giles Smith ....

Portrait of Alexander Coventry
" Robert Coventry

" Aaron Barnes ....

" Pratt Smith ....



facing 364

" 365

" 368

" 370

" 370
between 370, 371
" 370, 371

facing 371

" 386

" 387

" 392

" 396

" 401

" 402



facing 404

" 406

. 408



facing 412
" 413



facing 420

" 422

" 423

" 424
425

" 426

" 426



facing 428

" 428

« 429

" 430

" 432



facing 432

" 436

" 437

. 439



between 440, 441

. " 440, 441

. " 440, 441

. " 440, 441

. " 440, 441

. " 440, 441

. " 440, 441

. " 440, 441

facing 442

between 442, 443

facing 443

. 444

. 445

. 445

. 446



FLORENCE.

Residence and Tannery of W. W. Graves . between 448, 449

Portraits of W. W. Graves and Wife . . " 448, 449



FLOTD.

Portrait of Ingham Townsend .



facing 450



FORESTPORT.

Forestport Steam Mills (Denton <fc Waterbury, proprietors) facing
Portrait of Jonathan A. Hill (steel) .... "



462
453



/m^-Jr< •'-■"■'" i r^'if,



KIRKLAND. 'h



Portrait of Thomas Deatf / facing 466

" Horace Bartlett .... between 466, 467

Portraits of W. S. Bartlett and Wife ... " 466, 467

Residence of Wm. S. Bartlett .... " 466, 467

" John S. Barker (with inscription) . . facing 467

" James L. Blaokstone .... "467

Portrait of Marshall W. Barker 471

IjEE.

Portrait of Andrew Davidson .... between 472, 473

Residence of the late Andrew Davidson . . " 472, 473

Portraits of Curtis Spinning and Wife . . " 474, 476

" Roswell F. Spinning and Wife . " 474, 475

" Lewis Barnes and Wife .... faSng 476

Portrait of Jerusha Eames " 478

" James Eames, Sr " 478

" James Eames, Jr. ..... " 478

" Martin Washburn 480

MARCY.

Residence of James Cavana facing 482

Edward T. Mareon .... "483
Portraits of Edward T. Mareon and Wife 484

MARSHALL.

Residence of Charles A. Hovey (with inscription) . facing 486
" Mrs. Ira Melvin "487

NEW HARTFORD.

Residence of George Hatfield facing 490

" Morgan Butler "490

Portrait of Charles McLean (steel) .... *' 494



PARIS.

Residence of Moses M. Gray ....

" Harvey Head ....

Portrait of Harvey Head ....

" Jonathan E. Head ....

Residence of L. and J. E. Head
Portrait of Lysander Head ....
Residence of J. P. Tompkins, with Portraits .

" Geo. W. Chapman, "

" William Richards

Portrait of William Richards (steel)
Residence of George D. Dunham, with Portraits
Portrait of Darius Dunham ....
Portraits of Stephen Chapman and Wife

REMSEN.

Residence of Jerome B. Witherell, with Portraits

Property of J. R. and C. R. Thomas

Portraits of Evan Owens and Wife .

Residence of Didymus Thomas, with Portrait .
" the late Robt. Roberts, with Portraits

" Hugh Roberts, with Portrait

" Chester G. Rent, with Portraits .

" John James, "

" James Mitchell, "

Portrait of Milo Mitchell ....



facing



496
497
497
497
498
498



" 600

between 500, 601

500, 501

" 504, 505

" 604, 505

facing 564



facing 508

" 509

" 610

between 510, 511

" 510, 511

" 510, 511

facing 511

" 512

" 513

. 613



CONTENTS.



ILLTTSTI^.^TIOniTS.



SANGERFIELD.

PAOB

Portrait of Francis Marion Stetson ^25

" Daniel Livermore S25

" James G. Preston 626



STEUBEN.

" Crigga," residence of John R. Griffitli .

Hesidence of Richard D. Davis

" John C. Owens, with Portraits

" E. P. Roberts, "

" R. R. Roberts, "

Portrait of William Lewis



Residence of the late Rev. R. Everett, D.D
Portrait of Sarah Porter .

" Morris W. Morris .



,, with Portraits



facing 528

" 628

between 528, 529

" 528, 529

facing 529

" 630

632

534

368



TRENTON,

Residence of William H. Comstock .

" Miss Mary R. Willard

" Francis A. Wilbur

" J. J. Davis .

" D. A. Crane, with Portrait

" Alexander Pirnie, "

" Mrs. Francis Guiteau, with Portraits

Portraits of William J. Babcock and Wife
Portrait of Sylvanus Ferris ....
""Union Hall," William P. Dodge, proprietor .

Property of Henry Joy

Residence of Colonel T. H. Ferris, with Portraits
Portraits of William Perkins and Wife
Portrait of George Watkins ....
" Pascal C. J. De Angelis (steel)



facing



facing 536

" 640

" 640

" 541

" 644

" 545

" 650

" 554

" 560

" 660

" 561

" 665

. 566

. 568

facing 569



TERNON.

Residenoe of Daniel G. Dorrance
" Silas B. Crocker .

Portraits of Silas B. Crocker and Wife
Portrait of Timothy Jenkins

" Daniel G. Dorrance (steel)

VIENNA.

Portrait of John D. Yager ....

Residence of Samuel Faulkner

WESTERN.

Residence of Henry G. Reid, with Portrait
Portrait bf Thomas McMuUin
Residence of the late Moses T. White

" Israel White ....

" John Ellis

" Henry R. Hill, with Portraits

" ~ C. W. and J. Porter, with Portraits

Portrait of Gen. Henry W. Halleck .

" Jabez Hallock, Jr. ....

" Jabez Halleck ....

" Joseph Halleck

" Jerome V. Gue ....

WESTMORELAND.

Portraits of Amos Barns and Wife .
" Brastus W. Clark (steel)

WHITESTOWN.

Portrait of Philo White

" Mrs. Nancy R. White .

"Evergreen Lawn," Residence of W. D. Walcott
Portrait of Samuel Campbell (steel)



PAGE

facing 672

between 672, 673

" 672, 673

facing 576

. 680



. 692

facing 692

facing 693

" 594

" 596

" 596

between 696, 697

. " 696, 597

facing 697 "

. 597

facing 699

. 699

. 599

. 600



facing 602
" 609



facing 614

" 614

" 615

" 627



BIOC3-I2.^I=I3:iO-A.L.



PAOB

Hon. Francis Keman facing 257

John Bntterfield between 264, 265

Josiah Rathbun facing 294

James Benton "298

Hiram Denio 299

Horatio Seymour ......... 299

Ellis H. Roberts facing 301

De Witt C. Grove "303

John J. Francis "312

E. B. Shearman "318

John Carton "330

Owen O'NeU "334

H. Barnard "338

E. S. Bamnm "341

William J. Bacon 346

Robert Middleton 347

Thomas Hopper 348

Theodore S. Faxton 349

Hiram Greenman 349

Eaton J. Richardson 350

Patrick Cassidy 361

William H. Watson 351

Ebenezer Leach 353

Jacob Hunt 364

Cordon Haokett 354

Alfred Churchill 355

AIODZO Churchill 355

Jean Batiste Marchisi 366

William Russell 358

Gilbert A. Foster 368

Charles H. Hopkins . 369

John B. Wells 360



PAGE

Stephen Thorn 360

Philo Gridley 361

N. Hyde Leffingwell facing 370

Daniel M. Crowell between 370, 371

Harold H. Pope facing 392

Roland S. Doty "396

D. M. K. Johnson 401

M. Calvin West 401

Henry Patrick 402

Phineas Abbe 402

E. B. Armstrong 402

Nelson Dawley facing 404

Harrison Lillybridge " 406

William J. Lasher 408

Thomas Trafifarn facing 420

Walter Booth "423

Silas B. Wood "429

Nehemiah N. Peirce " 430

S. Bailey 432

Francis Skinner 439

Alexander Coventry 444

Allen L. Blue 445

Aaron Barnes 445

Peter Walker 445

Pratt Smith 446

James Cox 446

Levi C. Schermerhorn 446

William W. Graves between 448, 449

Ingham Townsend facing 450

Jonathan A. Hill 463

Thomas Dean facing 466

William S. Bartlett between 466, 467



CONTENTS.



B I o a- K/ -A. ip h: I o -A. Xj.



PASK

James L. Blackstone 471

Marshall W. Barker 471

John Kirkland 472

Andrew and Alexander Davidson . . . between 472, 473

Curtis Spinning " 474, 475

Roswell F. Spinning " 474, 475

Lewis Eames facing 476

James Eamea " 478

Martin Washburn . , 480

Edward T. Marson .483

Ira J. Melvin 487

William Richards . . ... between SOO, 501

Darius Dunham . . . . . " 504, 505

Stephen Chapman 507

Evan Owens . facing 510

Chester G. Kent ... . . . . 611

Robert and Hugh Roberts . . .... 611

John James 612

Jerome Witherell . 512

John R. Thomas 512

Milo Mitchell 613

James Mitchell 513

Didymus Thomas 614

Erancis Marion Stetson 525

Daniel Livermore 525

James Q-. Preston 526

William Lewis . . facing 530

John R. Griffith . . . . .... 531

Dr. Everett ... 632

Richard R. Roberts .... ... 633

Richard P. Roberts 534

John C. Owens ... 534



William J. Babcook .
Colonel Timothy H. Ferris
William Perkins
Alexander Pirnie
Francis Guiteau
D. A. Crane
George Watkins
William P. Dodge
Pascal C. J. Do Angeli
Ephraim Willard
F. A. Wilbur .
Silas B. Crocker
Timothy Jenkins
Daniel G. Dorrance
John D. Yager ,
Thomas McMuUin
Jeptba Brainard
General Henry W. Halleck
Henry R. Hill .
0. W. and J. Porter
The White Family
Jabez Hallock, Jr.
The Hallock Family
Jerome V. Gue .
Henry L. Reid .
Amos Bams
Erastus W. Clark
Philo White
Benjamin S. Wiilcott
Samuel Campbell
Baron Steuben .
Colonel Marinus Willett



PASK

facing 654

. 565

. 566

. 666

, 667

. 567

. 568

. 668

. 569

. 570

. 570
between 572, 673
facing 576

. 580

. 692

. 694

. 697

. 697

. 698

. 598

. 698

facing 599

. 599

. 600

. 600

facing 602

. 609

facing 614

. 626

. 627

. 628

. 638



I J \ w '■



/n.



"1



INTRODUCTORY.



" Time rolls his ceaseless oourse. The raoe of yore,
Who danoed oar infanoy upon their knee.
And told oiir marveling boyhood legends' store
Of their strange rentures happ'd by land or sea,
How are they blotted from the things that be I
How few, all weak and withered of their force,
Wait on the verge of dark Eternity,
Like stranded wrecks, — the tide returning hoarse
To sweep them from our sight : Time rolls his ceaseless course.''

Scott.

The task of writing the history of Oneida County is one
of no small magnitude. Greographically it occupies a most
remarkable position in the centre of that grand arch of
wealthy counties which reaches from the Hudson to Lake
Erie. In ancient days it was the home of one of the
nations of the most remarkable confederacy of savage people
of whom we have any history. The great war-trails of the
children of the forest passed along its principal valleys, and
these have been succeeded in recent times by the turnpike,
the canal, and the iron way, over which have passed an
unmeasured commerce and an unnumbered army of immi-
gration.

For more than a century it was the pathway of the
armies of Gaul and Britain, and, during the Revolution,
the centre of attraction by reason of its commanding loca-
tion. Battles and sieges have made its grand old woods
echo with the thunders of war, and the cries of murdered
innocence have mingled with the thrilling yell of the
Iroquois amid the smoke of conflict.

Into its pathless wilds came the son of the church, far in
advance of permanent settlement, risking, and often losing,
his life in the vain endeavor to tame and elevate the savage,
whose barbarous instincts were tenacious as those of the
wild ostrich in the desert.

Its early settlers were the avant-couriers of various
nationalities : phlegmatic sons of the Netherlands ; exiled
Palatinates from the banks of the Rhine; sturdy farmers
from the " Merry Isle" ; wearers of the bonnie Highland
plaid and plume ; wanderers from the banks of Shannon ;
hardy men and women from the classic land of the Druids ;
bold and venturesome men of rugged New England, and
even the gay and chivalrous sons of France, here sought
and found a home on the very verge of civilization. And
within the compass of a century the wilderness has been



subdued and made literally " to blossom as the rose" ; and
where spread the sombre forest over leagues of hill and
dale, and only wild beasts and wilder men were found, is
now the home of more than a hundred thousand civilized
beings, the abode of Peace and busy industry, of intelli-
gence and refinement.

The mafeials for a history of this wonderful region are
abundant and accessible, but the difficulty that confronts
the historian consists more in a judicious choice from amid
the accumulated mass than in the labor involved in collect-
ing, and the exercise of careful discrimination and sound
judgment are of the first importance.

It has been the desire and aim of the compilers of this
work to avail themselves of every possible means of infor-
mation within their reach, and many thousand pages of the
writings of various authors have been carefully read and
utilized in the course of its preparation. Among the works
examined may be mentioned the " Documentary and Colo-
nial History of New York," Parkman's Works, Smith's
" History of the State," Hammond's " Political History,''
" Annals of Tryon County," Stone's " Life of Brant,"
" Annals of Oneida County," Morgan's " League of the Ho-
de-no-sau-nee," Colonel Willett's " Narrative," Dr. Bagg's
" Pioneers of TJtica," " Ancient America,'' Squier's" An-
tiquities of New York," Oriskany "Centennial Volume,"
" Lectures and Addresses of Ex-G-overnor Seymour," sev-
eral local histories, Craig's " Olden Time," the State civil
list, legislative manuals, reports of the adjutant-general,
" Gazetteer of the State," various works on geology, records
of the courts, supervisors, and societies, city and county
directories, newspaper files, Lives of Baron Steuben, Dr.
Kirkland, and others, " Battles of the United States,"
" Annals of the West," etc.

In addition to the vast amount of printed information
obtained, we have visited every portion of the county, and
consulted the oldest living settlers, town authorities, and
officers of various societies, churches, schools, etc., and
endeavored to the best of our abilities to collect whatever
of information, both local and general, could be found.

That we have seen every one who might have furnished
information we do not pretend, for such a labor would have
required years, and produced a work voluminous beyond
the possibility of remunerative publication. Our object has

7



s



INTKODUCTOKY.



been to get what was reliable upon all important subjects,
and utilize it to the best possible advantage in a volume
combining utility and variety, and sufficiently voluminous
to satisfy the just expectations of our patrons and the
public generally. Our best endeavors have been given
to insure accuracy and reliability, without verbosity and
useless multiplication of language.

It has been deemed eminently proper that the early his-
tory of the county and the various towns should occupy
the most important portion of the work, leaving to the
future historian the task of preserving whatever may be of
value in the passing events of to-day. We have labored
assiduously in this magnificent field, whose materials can
never be exhausted, and have everywhere met with gener-
ous consideration and received valuable assistance from
hundreds in all the walks of life, without which our labors
would have been practically in vain.

How far our efforts have been commensurate with the
importance of the subject is for the people of Oneida
County to determine. All we can do is to commit the
work to their hands, with the assurance that we have
labored faithfully and honestly, and with the hope that
they will be reasonable in their criticisms.

The various chapters have been made as complete as our
space and the means at hand permitted. In some matters



we have been considerably disappointed, more particularly
in obtaining the history of the various military organiza-
tions which went out from the county during the War of the
Kebellion, and which we had reasonable assurances would
be furnished by parties familiar with the subject. In most
respects we have been greatly favored. ,

It would be impossible to mention by name all those who
have aided and assisted us in the compilation of the work, but
to the following -named persons we are under special obliga-
tions for valuable favors rendered : Hon. Horatio Seymour,
Hon. William J. Bacon, Hon. Ellis H. Roberts, John F.
Seymour, Esq., Joseph B. Cushman, Esq., the various
county and city officials. Dr. M. M. Bagg, the press gen-
erally, Hon. Horace Capron, of Washington, D. C, Eev.
Marinus Willett, of Westchester County, Dr. John P.
Grray, of the State Lunatic Asylum, Professor Edward
North, of Hamilton College, T. S. Faxton, Esq., Professor
Andrew McMillan, superintendent of city schools, Henry
S. Miller, Esq., Frank H. Latimore, city librarian, T. D.
Curtis, Esq., Dr. D. Gr. Thomas, Dr. Charles P. Eussell,
Dr. L. B. Wells, Dr. C. E. Chase, the clergy generally,
and the principal manufacturers. To all others we would
hereby acknowledge our sincere obligations.

SAMUEL W. DUEANT.

Utioa, September, 1878.



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Ol^EIDA COUNTY, NEW YORK.



BY SAMUEL W. DURANT.



CHAPTER I.



PHYSICAIi TEATUHES.



GEOGRAPHT.



The geographical position of Oneida County is a re-
markable one. Situated in the centre of the State, it
forms the keystone of that magnificent arch of wealthy
and populous counties whose extremities rest upon Long
Island Sound and Lake Erie, and including the beautiful
and historic valleys of the Hudson and Mohawk Rivers,
the group of charming lakes having the Oswego River for
their common outlet, and taking in the fairest and richest
portion of the famous " Genesee Country," the granary of
the State.

The commercial metropolis of the county, the beautiful
city of Utica, may well be termed the " central city," for it
stands very near the geographical centre of the Common-
wealth, and in the most delightful portion of the Mohawk
Valley. Rome, in the centre of the county, and its demi-
capital, is distant 110 miles from Albany, and stands
immediately on the water-shed which divides the head-
streams of the St. Lawrence and the Hudson, the gateway
through which pa-sses the mighty stream of commerce and
travel between the Atlantic and the great West.

Within the borders of the county are the springs from
whence flow in various directions the waters that mingle
with the Gulf of St. Lawrence, the Chesapeake Bay, and
the Atlantic Ocean at New York. The principal streams
are the Mohawk and Black Rivers, and Wood and Oneida
Creeks, with their affluents.

The Mohawk River and its branches, West Canada,



Online LibrarySamuel W DurantHistory of Oneida County, New York : with illustrations and biographical sketches of some of its prominent men and pioneers → online text (page 1 of 192)