Samuel W Durant.

History of Oneida County, New York : with illustrations and biographical sketches of some of its prominent men and pioneers online

. (page 98 of 192)
Online LibrarySamuel W DurantHistory of Oneida County, New York : with illustrations and biographical sketches of some of its prominent men and pioneers → online text (page 98 of 192)
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Surgeon, March 19, 1875.

The honorary degree of " Doctor of Medicine" was con-
ferred upon Dr. Watson by the Regents of the University
of the State of New York, July 11, 1878.

It politics. Dr. Watson is an ardent Republican, and, as
far as his professional duties will permit, upholds the tenets
of that party by his voice and pen.

Among the published papers of Dr. Watson may be enu-
merated the following: " The Past and Present Position of
Homoeopathy and the Duties of its Practitioners," delivered
before the Homoeopathic Medical Society of the State of
New York, Feb. 28, 1861, published in vol. i. p. 39 of
"Transactions" of the society; " Cerebro-Spinal Menin-
gitis," read before the Homoeopathic Medical Society of
Oneida County, June, 1863, published in vol. ii. p. 126 of
" Transactions" of the State Society ; " Nosological Classifi-
cation of Disease," by Drs. W. H. Watson and H. M. Paine,
read before the Oneida County Homoeopathic Medical Soci-
ety, June, 1863, published in vol. ii. p. 151 of " Transac-
tions" of the State Society ; " Inaugural Address" aspiesi-




dent of the Homoeopathic Medical Society of the State of
New York, Feb. 9, 1869, published in vol. vii. p. 1 of
" Transactions" of the State Society ; " Annual Address" as
president of the Homoeopathic Medical Society of the State
of New York, on " The Medical Profession, its Duties and
Responsibilities, and the Relation of the Homoeopathic to
its Allopathic Branch," February, 1869, published in vol.
vii. p. 40 of " Transactions" of the State Society ; " Allo-
pathic Bigotry," published in vol. vii. p. 709 of "Trans-
actions" of Homoeopathic Medical Society of the State
of New York ; " Homoeopathy," originally published in
" Zell's Popular Encyclopaadia," also in vol. viii. p. 745 of
" Transactions" of Homoeopathic Medical Society of the
State of New York ; " Illustrations of Allopathic Intoler-
ance, and Statements showing Public Opinion in Reference
thereto," by Drs. Wm. H. Watson and H. M. Paine, pub-
lished in vol. X., art. cxxvii., of " Transactions" of Homoe-
opathic Medical Society of the State of New York ; " The
Advanced Medical Act," a letter to the Medical Committee
of the Senate and Assembly of the Legislature of the State
of New York, setting forth the objects and provisions of
the " Law Authorizing the Appointment of State Boards
of Medical Examiners," and the reasons for supporting it,
published at p. 425, vol. x., of " Transactions" of Homoe-
opathic Medical Society of the State of New York ; " No
Sectarian Tests as a Qualification for Office, and no Sectarian
Monopoly of National Institutions," "Transactions" of
Homoeopathic Medical Society of the State of New York,
vol. X., article cxxvii.

was born in Plymouth, Mass., March 18, 1797, and was a
descendant in the maternal line of Miles Standish, his
grandmother being a great-granddaughter of the distin-
guished pilgrim.

His father, Caleb Leach, was a native of Halifax,
Plymouth Co., Mass., and was noted in his day for general
ability and great mechanical talents. In 1796 ho con-
structed, under contract with the town of Plymouth, what
for that time was a remarkable undertaking, namely, a
sy.stem of general water-supply, by means of underground
pipes. It was called the Plymouth Aqueduct. Wooden
logs were used for the pipes, and the difficulty he experi-
enced in boring the necessary holes through these led Mr.
Leach to invent the screw auger; and the first one he
made and used at that time is still to be seen among the
articles preserved in Pilgrim Hall, at Plymouth, Mass.

The success of these water-works gave Mr. Leach a wide
reputation, and Bostou, Philadelphia, and New York each
sought and obtained the aid of liis talents and services in
similar undertakings ; and in New York, at the urgent so-
licitation of De Witt Clinton, Aaron Burr, and others, he
took the superintendence of the construction of the Man-
hattan Water-Works (which preceded the Croton), and
brought them into successful operation.

He also built one of the first long bridges over the Sus-
quehanna River.

He was a man of original mind, a great reader, and one
of the earliest receivers in the country of the doctrines of
Swedenborg, of whose writings he was a close student,

possessing for years copies of the original foreign editions
of his works, including the voluminous " Arcana." He died
at Utica, where he lived the latter part of his life, March
18, 1837.

Doctor Leach was with his father during his residence
in New York City, and was subsequently engaged with him
for some eight years in woolen manufacturing, and flouring
business at Owego, Tioga Co., N. Y. At the age of twenty-
one he was married to Olive, daughter of James S. Foster
and Betsey Miles, of Paris, N. Y. She was born at Cats-
kill, N. Y., Dec. 5, 1799.

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Photo, by Williams.

In the year 1826 the doctor removed with his family to
Utica and soon after engaged in the jewelry business, which
he was obliged to relinquish in 1838 on account of the loss
of his sight. This affliction was prolonged for several years,
and led him, after a partial recovery, to make a thorough
study of the eye, its various diseases, and methods of treat-
ment. For this, his habit of close application, power of
patient investigation, thoroughness of research, which no
superficial attainment would satisfy, combined with unusual
mental ability, peculiarly fitted him. The result was re-
markable. After a time he opened an office in Utica, as
an oculist, and so successful did he become in the treatment
of the various diseases of the eye, that he soon not only
acquired the respect and confidence of the physicians and
citizens of his city and county, but gained a wide reputa-
tion throughout the State and the Union.

Great energy, perseverance, and close application charac-
terized him, and for years he treated on the average over
one hundred cases daily, so great were the calls upon his
acknowledged skill.

Could he have' lived, as was hoped, to embody, as was
often urged upon him by physicians and others, the results
of his knowledge, skill, and experience, in an illustrated
and exhaustive work on the diseases and treatment of the



eye, it would have been one of the most valuable contribu-
tions to medical science ever published. But the tax upon
his endurance and great resolution to do was too great for
his physical powers, impaired as they had been by his pre-
vious sufferings with his eyes, and several years prior to
his decease he suffered from a slight paralytic stroke ; but
only partially recovering, he was obliged thereafter to con-
fine his practice to only a limited number of patients each
day, and on the day of his death, July 2, 1861, he treated
thirty cases.

Dr. Leach was passionately fond of, and possessed a
thorough knowledge of, music ; was a master of several
instruments, and was for some years organist in Trinity and
the Dutch Reformed Churches in Utica.

Although always greatly interested in the affairs of the
country, and a man of sincere and earnest opinions, he
never took an aetive part in the political questions of the
day, but identified himself first with the Whig and subse-
quently with the Republican party.

»His children are Eliza Emily, Charles Brayton (who died
in San Francisco, Cal., in 1850), and Julia Catherine, wife
of Wallace Warren, of Chicago, 111.

Mrs. Dr. Leach still survives in 1878, although for many
years an invalid, and retains her strength of mind to a re-
markable degree.


was born in Hillsdale, Columbia Co., N. Y., Jan. 25, 1811.
He was the eighth child and fourth son of Captain William
Hunt and Betsey Calkins, — the former a native of Vermont,
the latter a native of Sharon, Litchfield Co., Conn. His
father came with his family and settled in the town of West-
moreland, this county, in the year 1814, purchased a farm,
and, to some extent, in connection with his farming, carried
on the tan and currying business. He was captain in the
war of 1812-14, raised a family of six sons and four
daughters to manhood and womanhood, and died in the
town where he settled, aged seventy-three years. His wife
survived him some seven years, and died at the age of
seventy-three years. All of the sons have held honorable,
and some of them prominent, places in society.

Dr. Hunt spent his early life at home on the farm, and
received his education at the common school, at Clinton
Acadeniy, and Cazenoyia Seminary, and during his minority
was a teacher for four terms. At the age of twenty-one he
began the study of medicine with Dr. Parker Sedgwick, of
Lowell, Oneida Co., and subsequently studied with Dr.
Josiah Nolton, of Cazenovia, N. Y., and, after three courses
of lectures at Fairfield Medical College, graduated from that
institution, receiving the degree of M.D. from the Regents
of the University of the State of New York, Fel). 2, 1836.

He at once commenced the practice of his profession in
Lowell with Dr. Sedgwick, and after three years settled in
practice by himself at that place, where he remained until
the spring of 1853, when he settled in the city of Utica,
and has since remained continuously in practice. Dr. Hunt
began practice where he had been raised from boyhood, and
during his career there as a physician had the confidence
and esteem of all who knew him. His specialty has been
in the treatment of fevers, in which cases he has been

remarkably successful, and his skill and ability in that direc-
tion is worthy of note in 'Writing this sketch. Dr. Hunt
has never taken an active part in political circles, but in
early life identified himself with the Democratic party ; but
upon the formation of the Republican party became a strong
supporter of its principles. During his time of practice in
Lowell he held for several terms the office of school super-

Dr. Hunt is a member both of the Oneida County Medi-
cal Society and the State Medical Society, and has been
elected at two different times as delegate to the American
Medical Association.

At the age of twenty he united with the Methodist Epis-
copal Church, and has since that time been connected not
only as a member, but closely identified with the councils of
that body, in the various offices of trust and responsibility ;
has been an independent delegate to the General Conference
at five different times. Dr. Hunt has been twice married :
first to Harriet Nurse, of Utica, Sept. 29, 1852. She was
born June 10, 1815; was an exceedingly modest, unassuming
woman ; had a high sense of propriety ; was always judicious
and remarkably independent in her opinions and convic-
tions. She was ever true and loyal to the church, of which
she became a member in 1842. She died April 20, 1870.
For his second wife, Jan. 17, 1872, 'he married Elizabeth
A., daughter of Captain Henry W. Snyder, formerly of
Albany, but at the time of her marriage a resident of Utica.
Dr. Hunt is kind and affable, generous and sympathizing,
has a high sense of honor, and abhors the vulgar. He is a
man of acknowledged piety, but holds the broadest views of
catholicity, and, as a member of the Methodist Episcopal
Church, has been instrumental in introducing the lay dele-
gation into the Conference of that Church.


was born in Eastwood, Nottinghamshire, England, May
29, 1819. His father, William Hackett, having met with
severe financial reverses, came to this country with his
family, consisting of his wife, daughter Eliza (now Mrs.
John T. Stevens), and son Corden, in the year 1821 ; for
many years was in business with his son after settling in
Utica ; was a deacon of the Reformed Church, a plain, unas-
suming man, and died at the age of fifty-six, in the year
1851. His mother was a delicate, yet highly-cultivated
woman, the daughter of Rev. John Thompson, an Episcopal
clergyman. She lived in great retirement until her death,
which occurred in 1832, she being thirty-three years of age.
Mr. Hackett at an early age apprenticed himself to Al-
fred Burnet, a confectioner and baker. His close attention
to business, his integrity of purpose, soon won for him the
confidence of his employer, and he was raised to a higher
position, and subsequently went into the same business with
his father, which he successfully carried on for a number of
years, when, on retiring from the business for other pur-
suits, soon found that he was better adapted to the business
in. which his early life was spent, and returned to it with
fresh courage and that resolution characteristic of his career
in all his business relations, and so extended it as to meet
the requirements of a large class of customers in Utica and
vicinity, which he has always retained.


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Mr. Haokett is ranked among the most active and enter-
prising of the business men of Utica, and among others
has erected one of the finest blocks on Genesee Street to be
found in the city, a view of which may be found on another
page of this work.

In politics he has been identified with the Republican
party since its formation, casting his first vote with the old
Whig party. Although not solicitous of any political
preferment himself, he has been active in advocating the
principles of his party, and securing men suitable fur the
various offices within the gift of the people. And notwith-
standing his reluctance in official relations, he has been
chosen alderman and supervisor for one term each.

Mr. Hackett in early life became a member of the Re-
formed Church, and has been prominently identified with its
councils and for many years a deacon of that church.

In the year 1858 he married Miss Sarah Lalouette, only
child of Daniel S. Hauxhurst, of New York, belonging to
a prominent Quaker family of that name, who had settled
in Queen's Co., L. I., in the beginning;of the eighteenth
century, the emigrant being her great-grandfather, Daniel
Hauxhurst. Mrs. Hackett was born Oct. 22, 1832, and is
a lady of more than ordinary culture.

Their children are Lansing Hall, a graduate of Lawrence-
ville, N. J., and also of the law class of '78 at Hamilton
College, N. Y., and now a practicing aCttorney in Utica,
N. Y. ; Prank Mills (deceased); William Corden ; and
Clarence Lalouette.


was born at Chatham, Conn., Aug. 29, 1790. He was
son of Daniel Churchill and Eunice Saxton. His father
removed to Richfield, N. Y., with his family in the year
1795, made farming his principal business, and died at the
latter place, December, 1812. ■

In the year 1824, December 23, Alfred married Miss
Emma, daughter of Matthew Derbyshire, of Hartwiok,
Otsego Co., N. Y., and in the year 1826 came to Utica,
N. Y., where he settled and spent the balance of his- life.
Soon after his arrival here he entered into partnership with
Moses Bagg in the hotel then and since known by his
name, and remstined in that connection until the year 1836
(excepting one year spent as proprietor of the " North
American," located on Genesee Street nearly opposite
Broad Street), when the hotel was purchased of Mr. Bagg
by a joint stock company, consisting of Horatio Seymour,
E. T. T. Martin, E. A. Wetmore, Josiah Rathbun, and
himself. Mr. Churchill continued to carry it on until his
death, Jan. 10, 1865, having at intervals bought up the
interests of his associates, as well as the Bleeoker House
adjoining on the north, which he united with his own.

Among his fellow-citizens Mr. Churchill was known as a
man of high moral worth and unsullied intosrity, strictly
honest in his dealings with his fellows, kind and considerate
to those in his employ, and tender and affectionate in his
family relations. He was likewise eminently liberal in the
discharge of the claims of society. He had marked char-
acteristics, and among the most prominent were great self-
reliance, independence of thought, and determination of
purpose ; but while acting under the convictions of his own

judgment, he was always upright, honorable, and just.
His enterprise and business capacity gave weight to his
counsel and success to his individual undertakings.

Mr. Churchill was identified in politics with the Demo-
cratic party, yet was not in any sense of the word a pro-

Photo. by WiUiiims.

fessional politician, looking as well to the men as to prin-
ciples involved in casting his vote, and through the suf-
frages of his townsmen was elected to the office of alderman
in the city ^for several terms. By his marriage he had
three children : Alfred Derbyshire, died Dec. 27, 1853.
George Clarence, who received his early education in Utica,
and graduated at Rutgers College, N. J., in the year 1851,
following which he spent three years as a civil engineer on
the Pottsville and Sanbury Railroad, Pa. ; Chicago and
Rock Island Railroad, 111. ; and on the Utica and Black
River Railroad, N. Y. He then entered the law-office of
Mann & Edmonds, of Utica, and in the year 1857 was ad-
mitted to the courts of the State as an attorney and coun-
selor. The youngest child, Charlotte Derbyshire, died Feb.
26, 1834. Mrs. Churchill died Aug. 28, 1866, having
survived her husband only a little more than one year.


of Utica, was born in Richfield, January 20, 1811. His
father was Selden Churchill, of Connecticut. The early
progenitors of the family were three brothers of the name,
who came hither from England prior to the Revolutionary
war, two of them settling in New Hampshire, and one,
from whom Dr. Churchill reckons his descent, locating in
Connecticut. About 1796, Daniel Churchill, with his son
Selden, removed to Richfield, Otsego Co., and purchased a
tract of land, where, after a residence of seventy years, the
father died, in 1866, having reached the venerable age of
eighty-three. His wife was Mary (Duel) Churchill, daugh-



ter of Daniel Duel, of New York State. Her mother was
a descendant of Ethan Allen, of historic fame. After
being instructed in the private schools of the vicinity. Dr.
Churchill graduated at the Hartwiok Academy, and com-
menced the study of medicine with Dr. D. V. Thomas, of
Richfield, and afterwards studied with Dr. Menzo White,
of Cherry Valley. He attended the requisite course of
medical training in the College of Physicians and Surgeons
of Western New York, at Fairfield, during the years 1832-
33, and in the. latter year received a diploma from the
Otsego Medical Society. In 1856 he was accorded the
degree of M.D. by the Regents of the University of the
State of New York, and a similar honor was conferred by
the Albany Medical College in 1872. In 1855, Dr.
Churchill was chosen to represent his fellow-citizens in the
Legislature, and rendered excellent service to the profession
while on the committee having in charge the interests of
medical societies. Entering the army, in 1861, as surgeon
of the 14th New York Volunteers, with rank as major, he
continued with his regiment during the entire period of
service. This regiment participated in some of the most
notable battles of the war, — the seven days' fight on the
Peninsula, and also the engagement at Chancellorsville.
On the second day of the former battle Dr. Churchill was
taken prisoner at Gaines' Mills, or Cold Harbor, as it is
sometimes called, with about five hundred wounded men.
They were sent to Richmond, ostensibly for hospital pur-
poses. Arrived there he was ordered to disembark his
wounded soldiers, and was himself placed in Libby prison.
In a few days, however, the rebel authorities permitted him
to remove those who were severely wounded (in number
about two hundred) to Savage Station, where our troops,
in their retreat, had left the hospital tents standing. During
their captivity and transportation the regiment suffered
greatly from want of both medical and commissary stores.
Dr. Churchill performing operations, the only dressings for
which were strips of shelter-tents found on the field.

Unwilling to return to private practice while there ex-
isted urgent need for surgical service among our troops,
Dr. Churchill accepted an appointment as surgeon of the
8th Regiment Heavy Artillery, Colonel Porter command-
ing. This body of men was raised about Niagara, and
stationed at Fort McHenry, near Baltimore, and subse-
quently, in 1863, at Federal Hill, at which point Dr.
Churchill had charge of the post hospital. In the spring
of 1864 they were ordered into active service, continuing
thus occupied until the close of the war. During his con-
nection with this regiment Dr. Churchill was brevetted
lieutenant-colonel for meritorious services, and afterwards
was created colonel. He returned to domestic practice at
the close of the war, in 1865. Previous to his military
services he had won honors of a professional character.
His contributions to medical literature are able and have
been well received, particularly the following : a paper on
" Cerebro-Spinal Meningitis." communicated to the New
York State Medical , Society ; also one on " Strangulated
Hernia," published in the " Transactions of the Oneida
County Medical Society" ; and a,nother on " Sanitary
Science," upon which la£t his extended surgioo-military
experience qualified him to speak with authority.

Dr. Churchill is a prominent member of the New York
State Medical Society, also of the Otsego County Medical
Society, and was in 1869 the president of the Medical So-
ciety of Oneida County, of which he is still a member.
He was appointed surgeon -in-chief of the Faxton Hospital
upon its organization, which position he now holds, and is
also one of the trustees of that institution. Dr. Churchill
is interested in church and other kindred interests, and for
several years has been a vestryman of Calvary Church,
Utica, N. Y.

He has never been actively connected in political circles ;
was originally a member of the old Whig party, but since
the organization of the Republican party has supported its
principles and reform.

Dr. Churchill, hastening, with many medical compatriots,
to the defense of the flag and the constitution, in his con-
nection with the corps of operating surgeons, rendered val-
uable service to his country. Recognized as a man of
eminent ability by the fraternity, and rewarded with mili-
tary honors by the government, he has merited, by his
devotion to the cause of humanity, the respect and admira-
tion of the community. In the year 1834, October 2, he
married Miss Jane, daughter of Walter Morgan, a native
of Wales, but for a long time a resident of Utica. They
have two daughters : Charlotte, wife of James B. Carmalt,
of Susquehanna Co., Pa., and Emma D.


was born in Turin, in Piedmont, Italy, on the 10th of Feb-
ruary, 1788. At the age of eighteen he enlisted in the
French army, and served for three years and five months.
He had seen the great Napoleon many times, and re-
called many incidents of his early army life. He spoke
with enthusiashi of Napoleon's attention to his soldiers
in hospital. His rank was that of paymaster's sergeant.
Being on board a French frigate in the year 1809, a
severe storm drove the craft under the guns of the
British fort at Messina, in the Island of Sicily, and the
commander of the frigate surrendered to prevent the
total destruction of his ship. With the other prisoners
Sergeant Marchisi was confined in Fort Messina for a
long time, and many of his comrades died through hard
prison fare. His captors finally offered him liberty pro-
vided he would join the British service. He consulted
with his fellow-prisoners, and all determined to enter the
service of the enemy, believing that this was the only way
to save their lives. His captors gave young Marchisi
the same rank he held in the French army, sent him to
this country, and stationed him at Fort George, below
Kingston. The old gentleman speaks of his duties in
Canada as being laborious in the extreme. The pay-
master's clerical work all devolved upon him, and most of
the time the paymaster was absent. . The doctor says he was
obliged to prepare five estimates — the original sheet, one for
the paymaster, one for the commissary-general, one for the
commander, and one for the English government. Here
he learned to write in that clear, stereotyped hand that
marks his penmanship at the advanced age of ninety.

He was married in 1813. His marriage certificate hangs

Online LibrarySamuel W DurantHistory of Oneida County, New York : with illustrations and biographical sketches of some of its prominent men and pioneers → online text (page 98 of 192)