Samuel W Scott.

History of the Thirteenth Regiment, Tennessee Volunteer Cavalry, U. S. A. : including a narrative of the bridge burning; the Carter County rebellion, and the loyalty, heroism and suffering of the Union men and women of Carter and Johnson counties, Tennessee, during the Civil War ... online

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Online LibrarySamuel W ScottHistory of the Thirteenth Regiment, Tennessee Volunteer Cavalry, U. S. A. : including a narrative of the bridge burning; the Carter County rebellion, and the loyalty, heroism and suffering of the Union men and women of Carter and Johnson counties, Tennessee, during the Civil War ... → online text (page 1 of 43)
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(See page 263.)





U. S. A.

H Including a Narrative of the Bridge
Burning; the Carter County
Rebellion, and the Loyalty, Hero-
ism and Suffering of the Union
Men and Women of Carter and
Johnson Counties, Tennessee,
di.rii.g the Civil War

1 .Abo<< Sktitdi-otithe Adventures of
Caot'ii.i Daniel Ellis, the Union
PMot, ar.4 th€ Names of Hundreds
5rfT .Pra>v6 ; Men and Women of
These Counties Who Performed
Brave Deeds and Noble Acts of
Heroism for Country and Humanity



CAPTAIN Co. G, 13th .T. V. cT"^


ADJUTANT 13th, T. V. C,


Choked Philadelphia.

Mav !913 .^>v^>^


i ^i-'-


o 19>3 L



WE dedicate this vohiine, first, to the Memory of
oai. Dead ^oinradf;s:, bf the Thirteenth Tennessee
Cavalry, and the .":.Gallailt Third Brigade," U. S. A.;
secondly, to the Heroes' and. Heroines, living and dead,
Soldiers and Citiztns,- of East Tennessee, and especially
of Johnson and Carter Counties (where the strife raged
the fiercest), who were true to their Flag, their Country,
and their Homes — "the temples of their gods."



Page 91, line 3, should have a "cbniiti'Ki "aftfi" '\p5"/arp3n.,*''^

Page loi, line 13, the word "to'ifnfy'^''sh(5uld be*"c:trtintry."

Page 170, lines 5-14 inclusive, should*. Be (§ftMiCeci.%»

Page 288, line 22, the word "Eli^al^.etlf sholildjbe *'Elizabethton.

Page 297, line 23, the word "Ten'Sr.'";^5l\4i3.H'^^''rKyr

Page 357, line 29, the word "Rugger" should be "Dugger."




The purpose of this History. — To rescue from oblivion the
names of the Heroes and Heroines of Johnson and Carter
Counties during the Civil War, and perpetuate the memory of
the Thirteenth Tennessee Cavalry and the gallant Third Brigade. 19


East Tennessee. — Scenery. Soil and Climate. — Heroism of Her
Sons in Former Wars. — Their Prowess on Every Battlefield.
There Happy Homes and Contented Lives 23


The Civil War, Its Causes, briefly Told. — Slavery and State-
Rights. — Election of i860. — Mr. Lincoln. — The "Star of the
West." — Preparations for War. — Fort Sumter Fired On. — States
Secede 28


Excitement over Fall of Fort Sumter. — How the News was
Received. — Military League Formed. — Proceedings of Knoxville
and Greeneville Conventions. — Names of Delegates. — Johnson and
Nelson. — The State Secedes. — Vote in Carter and Johnson
Counties. — Intimidation and Persecution 34


Reasons for Loyalty of East Tennessee. — Number of Troops
in Federal Army. — How It May Have Affected Final Results of
the War 47


Bitter Feelings Aroused Between Unionists and Secessionists.
Union Men Defiant. — Leaders Threatened. — They go North.
Names of Local Leaders. — Rebel Troons Brought In. — Names
of Union Men Reported to Confederate Authorities. — Bitterness
More Intense. — Militia Called Out. — Proclamation Ignored by
Union Men. — They Organize for Self- Protection and to Aid the
Government 53


Bridge Burning. — Official Correspondence in Regard to It.
The Plans, How Carried Out.— W. B. Carter, Gen. S. P. Carter
and Gen. Thomas. — Col. Dan. Stover. — Names of Men Who
Burned the Bridge at Zollicoffer and Particulars of the Brave
Deed 59


Carter County Rebellion. — Organized to Protect Bridge
Burners and Union Leaders. — Organized at Col. N. G. Tay-
lor's Residence. — Names of Officers. — Fight at Taylor's
Ford. — The Unionists Victorious. — Amusing Incidents. —
"Army" Falls Back to Clark's Springs, Where Col. John
Sevier's Men Took Their "Mid-day Lunch" on Their Way to
King's Mountain, September 26, 1780. — Army at Elizabeth-
ton. — At Doe River Cove. — How it Was Fed. — Dispersed by
Leadbetter 80


Situation After the Bridge-Burning and Rebellion. — Union
Men Arrested and Imprisoned. — Hatred of Southern Press
and People Toward Them. — They Flee to the Mountains and
to Kentucky. — Their Suffering and Persecution. — Martial Law
Declared. — Provost Marshals Appointed. — How Union Men
Concealed Themselves 90


Sentiments of Affection and Brotherhood Among Loyal
People. — Expectations of Federal Aid. — Their Disappoint-
ments. — Gen. G. W. Morgan at Cumberland Gap. — East Ten-
nessee Regiments in His Command. — Col. Hayne's Eulogy on
East Tennessee. — East Tennessee the Scene of Many
Tragedies 100


Carter's Raid Into East Tennessee. — Burning the Bridge at
Zollicoffer. — Fight at Carter's Depot and Burning of the
Bridge at That Place. — Personal Mention of Gen. S. P. Carter,
Col. J. P. T. Carter and Capt. G. O. Collins — Changed Con-
ditions Since the War Began — Rye and Spice Wood Used for

Coffee and Tea 104




Gen. Burnside in East Tennessee. — Rejoicing of the Union
People. — Advance to Bristol. — Col. John K. Miller and Col.
R. R. Butler Authorized to Raise Federal Regiments — Long-
street's Advance Upon Knoxville. — Federal Troops Fall
Back. — Recruits Fall Back With the Army — Strawberry
Plains. — Organization of the Regiment. — Field and Staff. —
Death of Lieut-Col. A. D. Smith.— R. R. Butler Becomes
Lieut.-Col. — Siege of Knoxville 110


March to Camp Nelson. — Without Shelter or Rations. —
Much Suffering and Hardships on the Way- — Mid-Winter. —
Cold and Rain and Snow. — Towns Passed Through — Incidents
on the Way. — Our Appearance 120


At Camp Nelson. — Major Doughty's Detachment Joins the
Regiment — Cold New Year's Day. — Oliver McClellan and
Others Frozen to Death. — Rigiment Clothed. — Mounted,
Fully Equipped and Paid Off. — Improved Appearance of Offi-
cers and Men. — Death of Capt. Luttrell. — Ordered to Nash-
ville. — Fight Guerrillas Through Kentucky. — Arrival at Nash-
ville 124


At Camp Gillem — Camp and Guard Duty. — Religious Ser-
vice. — Drill and Discipline. — East Tennessee Refugees — Dan
Ellis in Camp. — Gov. Brownlow and Gen. S. P. Carter Visit
the Regiment. — Small-pox and Measles. — Many Deaths in the
Regiment. — Move to Camp Catlett. — Brigade Organized 133


At Gallatin.— Lieut.-Col. Butler Resigns. — W. H. Ingerton
Appointed Lieut.-Col. — Proves to be a Most Efficient Officer.
Drill and Discipline. — Dan Ellis Again Visits the Regiment.
Brings Recruits and Letters From Home. — Accounts of Dis-
tress in East Tennessee- — 4th of July at Gallatin. — Gov. John-
son in Camp. — Regiment Again Paid Ofif. — Life in Camp.
Brigade Detached for Special Service in East Tennessee. —
Designated "Third Brigade, Governor's Guard." — Gen. Gil-
lem. — He is Assigned to Command of the Forces in E. Tenn.

Gov. Johnson's Orders. — Brigade Ordered to E. Tenn. 139




March Across the Mountains.. — On Towards Home- — First
Skirmish With the Enemy at Rogersville — Sharp Fighting at
Blue Springs and Greeneville. — Wheeler's Cavalry. — Fight at
Rice's Gap. — Enemy Defeated. — Col. Miller, Lt.-Col. Inger-
ton, Lt.-Col. Brownlow, Major Newell and Lt. Patterson Com-
plimented for Gallantry by Gen. Gillem 155


Fight at Greeneville, Tenn. — Death of the Famous Raider,
Gen. John H. Morgan. — The Facts Told by Eye-Witnesses
and Participants in the Affair. — Proof That Gen- Morgan Was
Killed While Attempting to Make His Escape and While Fir-
ing on His Pursuers.. — The Fabulous Stories That He Was
Betrayed by a Woman and Murdered After He Had Sur-
rendered Disproved — Andrew Campbell His Slayer — The
History of the Afifair Corrected in Many Particulars 162


Further Comments on the Death of Gen. Morgan — Extract
From Lee's History. — The Statement Untrue. — Hon. A. B.
Wilson's History of the Affair 180


Fight at Lick Creek. — Results in Defeat of a Detachment of
the Thirteenth Under Col. Ingerton. — Our Officers and Men
Display the Greatest Gallantry in This Engagement. — Retreat
After Severe Loss. — Brigade Advances. — Robert Pride Killed
At Jonesboro. — W. B. C. Smith Captured at Johnson City.
Fighting Between Johnson City and Carter's Depot. — Charge
at the Latter Place. — Col. Miller's and Lt. Angel's Horses
Shot. — Enemy Defeated. — The gth Tenn- Cavalry. — Col- S. K.
N- Patton Joins the Brigade at Leadvale. — Another Re-
trogade. — Our Rear Threatened. — Brigade Advances. — Fight
at Panther Springs — Gallant Charge at Morristown. — Enemy
Routed 190


Bull's Gap Stampede. — Full Particulars. — Result of Jealousy
Between Commanding Officers. — Gen. Ammen Censured. —
Heavy Loss of the 3rd Brigade. — Brave Defense of the Gap
Before the Stampede 204


After the Stampede. — Brigade Shows no Demoralization. —
Death of Col. Ingerton. — B. P. Stacy Appointed Lt.-Col. and
Assumes Command of Regiment. — Many Changes in Offi-
cers. — Camp-Life at Cantonment Springs — Preparing for a
Winter Campaign. 213



First Stoneman Raid Into Southwest Virgitiia. — Cold
Weather and Hard Marching. — Fights at Rogersville and
Kingsport.— Death of Capt. Jas. B- Wyatt at Abingdon.—
Pursuit of Gen. Vaughn. — Fight in Marion Before Day-Light.
Death of Capt. Wm. M. Gourley. — Fight at Mt. Arie. — At
Saltville. — Gallant Charge and Capture of Fort Brccken-
ridge. — Regiment Complimented by Gen. Stonemati. — Suffer-
ing From Cold and Hard Marching. — Return to Knoxville. —
In Winter Quarters. — Social Life at Knoxville 219


Stoneman's Second Raid Into Virginia, North Carolina,
South Carolina and Georgia. — Fight at Wytheville, Va., and
Salisbury, N. C — Pursuit of President Davis. — Destruction of
Confederate Stores. — The Armistice. — Return to Tennessee. —
At Lenoirs Station 231


At Lenoirs and Sweetwater. — Last Move to Knoxville. —
Closing Scenes. — Muster-Out. — Goodby's — Observation on
Army Life. — Summary of Service 252


Personal Sketch of Each Officer of the Regiment, Giving
the Part He Took in the Bridge-Burning, the Carter County
Rebellion or Other Service, Together With the Pictures of as
Many Officers as We Are Able to Get, With the Military His-
tory of Each One 263


A Brief Outline of the Numerous Tragedies That Occurred
in Carter and Johnson Counties During the Civil War, Giving
Date and Circumstances Attending Them as Far as Possible- .317


The Heroes and Heroines of Carter and Johnson Counties
in the Civil War 363


A Sketch of Daniel Ellis' Adventures as Union Pilot, With
Many Thrilling Adventures and Hair-Breadth Escapes of This
Brave and Daring Scout and Pilot Who Took More Than
4000 Men Into the Federal Army From East Tennessee, South-
west Virginia and Western Nonh Carolina, and Whose Name
is Familiar to Thousands of Unior Veterans All Over the

United States 423



Col. John K. Miller Frontispiece

The Three Adjutants Page i j

Lieut. Col. R. R. Butler " 32

Lieut. Col. W. H. Ingerton " 33

Adj't S. P. Angel " 48

Lieut. Col. B. P. Stacy " 48

IVIajor C. C. Wilcox " 49

Lieut. John M. Wilcox " 49

Major G. W. Doughty " 64

Major Eli N. Underwood '' 65

Major Joseph H. Wagner " 80

Major Robert H. M- Donnelly " 81

Major James W. M. Grayson " 96

Major Patrick F. Dyer. '. " 96

Captain Jas. M. Cameron " 97

Lieut. Richard L. Wilson " 112

Gen. Alvin C. Gillem " 113

Captain W. M. Gourlev " 128

Captain L. W. Fletcher " 128

Captain Daniel Ellis " 129

Daniel Ellis " '144

Captain Isaac A. Taylor "' 145

Lieut. Alex. D. Frasier '' 160

Captain David B. Jenkins '' i6i

Lieut. Geo. W. Emmert " 176

Corp. Henry Lineback " I77

Captain Richard H. Luttrell " 192

Captain Alfred T. Donnelly " 193

Lieut. Calvin M. Arnold " I93

Lieut. Chas- Lefler " 208

Elisha A. Shoun " 209

Corp. Isaac A. Shoun " 209

Captain J. H. Norris " 224

Captain Thomas J. Barry " 225

Lieut. B. B. Ferguson " 240

Captain Frederick Slimp " 240

Lieut. Thomas C. Wliite " 241

Captain S. W. Scott " 241

Serg't G. D. Roberts " 272

Serg't R. B. Wilcox " 272



Serg't James W. Pearce Ptge 273

Corp. J. G. Burchfield " 273

Hon. J. G. Burchfield " 28S

Capt. Landon Carter " 289

Lieut. C. M. Emmert " 304

Lieut. Jeremiah B- Miller " 305

Lieut. James N. Freels " 320

Serg't J. J. McCorcle " 321

Hon. J. J. McCorcle " 336

Captain S. E. Northington " 337

Lieut. H. C. Northington " 337

Serg't E. W. Mulican " 352

Serg't Jesse W. Gambil " 352

Lieut. Henry M. Walker " 353

Lieut- W. F. M. Hyder and son " 368

Captain J. B. Wyatt " 369

Captain J. W. Ellis " 369

Captain G. O. Collins " 384

Lieut. Andrew Campbell " 384

Lieut. A. C. Fondren '" 385



We are pleased to note that a number of books have
been written since the Civil War dealing with the loyalty,
heroism, and suffering of the Union people of East Ten-
nessee during that period. Notable among these are :
"The Loyal Mountaineers of East Tennessee," by
Thomas William Humes, S. T. D., and "East Tennessee
and the Civil War," by Hon. Oliver P. Temple. These
are most able and valuable contributions to the literature
of this period, and contain a reliable and graphic account
of many of the leading events and the prominent actors
in them, from the date of the "Settlement on the Wa-
tauga" to the close of the Civil War.

Had these authors entered into the details of the many
incidents and adventures that transpired in the thirty-
one counties that were then embraced in the Eastern
Division of Tennessee, and the organization of the
various regiments of Federal troops that joined the army
and rendered such signal service in the preservation of
the Union, their books would have necessarily grown too
voluminous to be satisfactory to the general reader.
Hence it is our purpose to confine our history largely to
the occurrences in the two counties of Carter and John-
son with which we are most familiar, and to the organi-
zation of the Thirteenth Tennessee Cavalry, U. S. A.,
many of whom were leaders in the bridge burning and the
Carter county rebellion and afterwards did good service
as soldiers in the field.

We hope others will write the histories of other locali-
ties and other regiments, so that in the end a full and ac-
curate history of every important event that transpired
within the boundaries of our loved East Tennessee will
be placed on record. These events, when fully written,
will form an interesting chapter in the history of the
Civil War, and will grow in interest as the years pass by.

Though the counties of Johnson and Carter were far
removed from the actual theatre of war where the great
battles w^ere fought, yet they were the scene of many
tragedies and conflicts that had an important bearing
upon its final results. In narrating them we have no de-



sire to awaken any of the animosities that were engen-
dered by the war, which we trust are long since dead and
buried, but we make no apologies for writing them from
the stand-point of Union soldiers, believing now, as we
did then, that the loyal men of East Tennessee were in
the right.

We lay no claims to literary attainments, but under-
take to tell, in simple words, the story of the struggles
and hardships, sufferings and patient endurance, of loyal
men and women who loved their flag next to their God,
and were willing "to dare all things and endure all
things" for the love they bore their country.

It has been our aim to attain the highest degree of ac-
curacy in relating the incidents contained in this work,
and to this end we have consulted the most authentic his-
tories of the period accessible to us. We are indebted
also to Dr. Abram Jobe, Capt. Daniel Ellis, Capt. S.
H. Hendrix, Hon. A. B. Wilson, of Greeneville, Tenn.,
Dr. N. E. Hyder, of Elizabethton, Tenn., Capt. Fred-
erick Slimp, of Butler, Tenn., Lieut. A. D. Frasier, of
Watauga Valley, Tenn., and many other comrades and
friends for interesting data in regard to the bridge burn-
ing, the Carter county rebellion, the death of Gen. Mor-
gan, and other incidents.

But our readers will perceive how difficult the task is
of obtaining absolutely reliable information after the
lapse of so many years. They will also remember that
different persons, viewing a battle or other event from
different stand-points, will receive very different impres-
sions of it.

We place the work in your hands believing your criti-
cisms will be generous, and feeling our labor amply re-
paid if we have afforded our readers a few hours respite
from the cares and duties of life in perusing a history
of a time that not only "tried men's souls" but tried to
the uttermost the patient, brave, and noble ivomcn of
Carter and Johnson counties.


Knoxville, Tenn.,
December ist, 1902.



By Hon. John P. Smith (Lieut. 4th Tenn. Vol. In-
fantry) late Chancellor First Chancery Division of Ten-

Governor ^Mountain Branch of the National Home for
Disabled Volunteer Soldiers, located at Johnson City,

By request, I submit a brief Introduction to a history
written by Captain S. \\^ Scott and Adjutant S. P.
Angel, entitled : "History of the Thirteenth Regiment of
Tennessee V^olunteer Cavalry, U. S. A., including a nar-
rative of the Bridge Burning, the Carter County Rebel-
lion, and the Loyalty, Heroism and Suffering of the Un-
ion Men and Vi'omen of Carter and Johnson Counties,
Tennessee, during the Civil War."

The scene where this history is laid includes my native
county. ]\Iany of the loyal men and women whose
names appear in its pages are my friends, playmates, and
kindred, hence I can but feel a deep interest in its con-

The peculiar situation of East Tennessee in the Civil
War made the struggle there far more intense and bitter,
and the suffering of the people far greater than where the
people were more united in sentiment.

The bold stand taken by the Union leaders in East
Tennessee, and the heroic devotion with which the men
and women clung to their principles unawxd by threats
or imprisonment, undismayed by the deadly musket or
the hangman's rope, unconquered and unconquerable
through four long years of hardships and persecution,
deserve a place in history. An examination of the head-
lines of the chapters of this work leads me to believe it
will be read with much interest.

There is a deep-seated love of the heroic implanted in
the human mind, and as long as admiration for brave
deeds, and sympathy for suffering humanity, has a place
ir the human heart, the story of the steadfast loyalty, and
the unfaltering devotion to the Union, of the people of


Carter and Johnson counties, through a long period of
unparalleled suffering and privation will be read with,
unabated interest.

East Tennessee, according to the Bureau of Statistics
of the U. S. Government, furnished 31,092 volunteers in
the Federal army. These figures are probably below the
actual number as many of them served in regiments of
other States, and were not counted in this estimate. These
soldiers maintained the proud record for courage and
chivalry that has distinguished the volunteer soldiers of
Tennessee since the beginning of our country's history.

There were 28 military organizations, made up almost
exclusively of East Tennesseeans. These troops per-
formed splendid service on many battle fields. Some
were with Sherman in his "March to the Sea;" some
were in the long chase after Gen. John H. Morgan
through Kentucky, Indiana and Ohio; others were bat-
tling to redeem their homes in East Tennessee, and firing
the last shots at the tottering Confederacy in South Caro-
lina and Georgia. There is no record of their service, ex-
cept a few mutilated copies of the report made by the
Adjutant-General of the State, published in 1867, which
gives a very inadequate idea of the services rendered by
these organizations.

I commend the energy and zeal of the authors of this
history, as well as the pride they have taken in the work
of perpetuating the name and services of the gallant Regi-
ment of which they were members, and the heroic deeds
of the brave men and women of the two counties from
which the Regiment was largely made up.

This work will be of great value in the future as a
book of reference, and its refutation of the imputation
that Gen. John H. Morgan was murdered by the Tennes-
see troops after he had surrendered will be, in itself, of
inestimable value in exonerating them from a charge,
which if it had been true, would have brought upon them
the just reproach of every brave soldier,

A history of this kind, embracing the services of all
the East Tennessee regiments of Federal troops, and all



the important events that transpired in every county in
East Tennessee, would involve too much time and labor
for a single historian and would not possess the local in-
terest that a number of separate volumes, containing the
services of each organization, and the history of events
in the county or counties from which each regiment was
organized, would possess. For this reason I trust this
work will awaken an interest, and arouse a spirit of
emulation among the surviving comrades, that will result
in giving to the public a history of every East Tennessee
regiment, and the interesting events that occurred in each
county during the Civil War.

It is a matter of congratulation to those who lived dur-
ing the dark days of the Civil War, and to those who have
grown up since that time, that the survivors of that period
who were arrayed in deadly hostility to each other then
are now friends and brothers, mingling in friendly broth-
erhood in church, fraternal, social, and business relations,
with all the animosities of that dreadful period effaced ;
that Federal and Confederate veterans affiliate together
in their reunions, and that they, and their sons, fought
side by side under the old flag for human liberty, and in
behalf of an oppressed people; and that, with its heritage
of great achievements and glorious deeds, performed
under the stars and stripes, and under the stars and bars
our united country is marching forward in the front rank
of the nations of the world.



The purpose of this History. — To rescue from oblivion the
names of the Heroes and Heroines of Johnson and Carter
Counties during the Civil War, and perpetuate the memory of
the Thirteenth Tennessee Cavalry and the gallant Third Brigade.

A general history containing a detailed account of the
services rendered by each individual regiment engaged in
the Civil War would be impracticable if not impossible.
Regiments are merged into larger organizations, and in
a war of such magnitude as our Civil War, the historian
must, as a rule, confine himself to the important move-
ments in which the army in its larger subdivision was
engaged. Thus it will be seen that in the general history
of any great war regimental organizations must lose their
identity, and after a few years, except those who perform-
ed some very notable deeds of valor, even the names of
regiments and the ofBcers and men who composed them
will have passed into oblivion.

History tells us of the heroism of our ancestors in sub-
duing the savages, opening up the New World to civi-
lization and the introduction of civil and religious liberty.
We read of the heroes of the American Revolution and
their long struggle for independence. How they suffered
at Valley Forge; how their unexampled courage and
fortitude, through seven long years of war, under the
guidance of Divine Providence, finally led to the winning
of their liberty, and the building up of a great Republic
in the ^^'estern \\'orld.

We read of the second war with Great Britain in

Online LibrarySamuel W ScottHistory of the Thirteenth Regiment, Tennessee Volunteer Cavalry, U. S. A. : including a narrative of the bridge burning; the Carter County rebellion, and the loyalty, heroism and suffering of the Union men and women of Carter and Johnson counties, Tennessee, during the Civil War ... → online text (page 1 of 43)