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San Francisco (Calif.). Board of Supervisors.

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the machine shop. Left to right: Thomas Crov;. blacksmith's helper; irilliam Bro^n,
machinist; George Slc'iiart. machinist; .iytmer Petan, automotive machinist; Thomas
ICalsh. machinist; Floyd Manning and Roy Baker, automotive machinists. Bottom:
liev; of the paint and ^ood'u:ork shops. .-It right: Larry Donovan, v.-ood'u.-orker.



THE MUNICIPAL EMPLOYEE



May




I'leix! of Corporation Yard Blacksmith Shop. Left to right: Daniel O'Neil, blacksmith;
Frank Coughlin, blacksmith's helper; Charles Stone, blacksmith; Harry Sherwood,
blacksmith's helper; Frank McLaughlin, blacksmith; John Rodrigues, blacksmith's helper.



helpers, painters and a brass finisher,
woodworkers, a battery man, a
boiler maker and a leather worker
and trimmer, clerks and
watchman.



night



MAYOR JAMES ROLPH,
Jr., last month announced
the reappointment of Alfred
Ehrman, San Francisco prom-
inent business man, to the
Board of Fire Commissioners
for a term of four years.
Mr. Ehrman's former term ex-
pired in January, last. In an-
nouncing Mr. Ehrman's re-
appointment, Mayor Rolph
stated that the delay was oc-
casioned by the fact that the
Fire Comissioner had only re-
cently returned from an ex-
tended visit in the Philippine
Islands.



Tree- Planting in Dr. Hassler's Honor



"From petals of roses they made your siuect

lips.
From lilacs tliey fashioned your siuect fint/er

tips;
For your eyes they took violets, kissed by the

sun.
From daffodils golden your dear hair was

spun ;
Your cheeks have the bloom of carnations, so

fine;
Your thoughts are like orchids, so rare and

divine."



TOUCHING tributes to Mother-
hood and eulogies to Dr. Wil-
liam C. Hassler, San Francisco's
health officer, marked an impressive
Mother's Day tree-planting program
given by the people of the San Fran-
cisco Health Farm in the San Mateo
hills, near Redwood City.

Mrs. Lina Wunderley, charming
chairwoman for the day, and Miss
Myra W. Kimball, genial superin-
tendent of the farm, informed their
friends and visitors that the day's
program would be in the nature of
a tree-planting ceremony in honor
of Dr. Hassler, founder of the farm.
Instead, it was explained by the
gracious chairwoman, the Health
Farm folk used the day as a means
to surprise Dr. Hassler.

For a Departed Mother

"It being Mother's Day," said
Mrs. Wunderley, "we could think of
no higjier tribute to pay Dr. Hassler
than to dedicate this tree — a flower-
ing ])him — to the memory of his
loving nKjther."




DR. WILLIAM C. HASSLER
Health Officer

Dr. Hassler visibly was affected.
He spoke feelingly of the magnifi-
cent tribute paid to the memory of
his beloved mother, Mrs. Elizabeth
Hassler. In company with other
members of the San Francisco
Hoard of Health, he explained, he
had come to the Health Farm to par-
ticipate in a celebration of the birth-
day of Florence Nightingale, whose
life was consecrated to the service
of the sick.

The dedication exercises were
started with a ])rayer by Dr. J. E.
Marozik, a Redwood City clergy-
man, who is beloved by the people



at the Health Farm, and who reg-
ularly preaches sermons there.

Charles M. Gallagher, deputy
county clerk, was the principal
speaker of the day and delivered the
dedication address. He paid glow-
ing tributes to Motherhood and to
Dr. Hassler as man, physician and
friend of the sick.

Tribute to Motherhood

In speaking of Motherhood, Mr.
Gallagher said:

"It has become quite commonplace
to point to the fact that the Ameri-
can traditions and the American
spirit grew out of its early home
life. Our laws and the foundations
of constitution grew out of the spir-
itual atmosphere of the home. It is
not too much, then, to say that the
very future of this country is de-
jjendent upon the preservation of the
home. Motherhood is continually
doing that. The world may forsake
you, but your mother never. The
nation that follows the law of moth-
erhood cannot help but achieve great
ends."

Mayor Sends Regrets

Dr. J. M. Toner, chairman of the
Board of Supervisors' Health Com-
mittee, represented Mayor James
Rolph Jr., who, in a telegram, ex-
pressed regret at his inability to be
]5resent at the exercises. The Mayor
t(.ok occasion to congratulate Dr.
Hassler and the Health Farm folk
on the progress made at the farm.



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THE MUNICIPAL EMPLOYEE



Dr. Toner, as did other speakers,
praised Dr. Hassler for the splendid
work he has accomplished as
San Francisco's health officer and
pointed out that this city boasts the
finest police, fire and health depart-
ments to be found in any city in the
world.

Johnnie Cronin of the Health
Farm recited an original, senti-
mental poem. "The Tree," the words
of which were dedicated to Dr.
Hassler's mother.

Other Speakers

Drs. lames W. Ward and William
W. Wymore and .\rthur H. Barendt.
the latter representing President
Frank Klimm. of the San Francisco
Board of Health, were other speak-
ers who paid tribute to motherhood
and to Dr. Hassler.

Dr. Hassler. in accepting the
praise bestowed upon him. mod-
estly stated that whatever he had
accomplished as a health officer,
was with the heartiest cooperation
of his associates on the Board of
Health.

During the tree-planting. Dr.
Hassler recounted the pleasures
he experienced through many
vears' association with his beloved
mother. Before shoveling in the dirt
around the tree. Dr. Hassler re-
moved from his coat lapel a white
carnation — mute evidence of his
bereavement — and from a happ}'





.MISS MYRA \V. KIMBALL
Health Farm Superintendent



Tree planting ceremony at the San Francisco Health Farm. At left: Mrs. Lina ll'un-

derley, in chary e oj the day's program; standing near her is Dr. Hassler. On the

platform, left to right, are Dr. If'ymore, .-Irthur //. Barendt, Dr. J. \f. Toner, center;

Dr. If'ard. Charles M. Gallagher and Philip Sapiro. Municipal Band Leader.



To which Dr. Hassler replied :
"I was reared to work."
One of those who could not attend
was Mrs. Edythe Tate Thompson,
director of the Bureau of Tuber-
culosis in the State Board of Health
and Executive Secretary of the Cali-
fornia Tuberculosis Association.

Dr. W. R. P. Clark, medical direc-
tor of the San Francisco Health
Farm and director of the Bureau of
Tuberculosis in the San Francisco
Board of Health, represented the
hospital.

During the triple ceremony Philip
Sapiro. San Francisco's Municipal
Band leader, and his band, rendered
a number of appropriate selections.
After the services open house was
the rule at the Health Farm and
the scores of visitors, guided by a
' bevy of pretty nurses, took advan-
tage of the invitation to inspect the
farm and equipment and saw at
first hand the friendly, devoted
service offered to the sick.

Dr. Hassler pointed out that the
Board of Health is making plans
for increased service at the Health
Farm. Two new buildings are to
be added to the main, or hospital
building, and additional dormitories
are to be erected. On the hills op-
posite the Health Farm the Board
of Health has in contemplation
plans for the erection of a com-
modious tuberculosis sanitarium, he
said.

The Mother's Day program was
arranged by Miss Myra W. Kimball,
superintendent of the San Francisco
Health Farm, and Mrs. Lina Wun-
derlev.




Dr. Hassler planting tree in memory of
his mother



little vougster accepted a red carna-
tion, emblem of the living mother,
both of which he tenderly dropped
to the roots of the tree.

A Ray of Comedy

Mingled with the pathos of the
occasion there came also a ray ot
comedy. While Dr. Hassler shov-
eled tlie dirt around the tree some-
one in the audience jocularly re-
marked :

"That's pretty hard work, isn't it.
Doctor?"



10



THE MUNICIPAL EMPLOYEE



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I'ic'tnity map slioit.-iny proximity of Mills Field lo San Francisco Postoffice and City Hall

SAN FRANCISCO'S MUNICIPAL AIRPORT



By M. M. O'Shaughnessy, City Engineer



THE relation of airports to avi-
ation is comparable to that of
seaports to ocean-borne commerce.
Both the air and the sea provide -
areas for numberless ships. Termi-
nals for ships of the air, like those
for ships of the sea, must be well
equipped if commerce is to be at-
tracted and accommodated.

Government Selection

Mills Field was selected after a
careful consideration of adaptable
sites in San Francisco and San
Mateo counties. Choice followed
from a careful survey. The City
Engineer recommended the location
to the Board of Supervisors for tem-
poYary development, and advised a
meteorological survey at Mills Field,
South San Francisco, San Mateo,
and Beresford. The Board appro-
priated $10,000 for this purpose, and
the United States Weather Bureau,
cooperating with the City Engi-
neer's office, established meteoro-
logical observation stations at the
previous mentioned locations. Daily



observations were taken and re-
corded over a period of one year
ending July 1928. Concluding the
observations, the United States
Weather Bureau confirmed the se-
lection of Mills Field as the site
most favored of the four investi-
gated.

Former Hunters' Haven

Before construction started, the
field looked more inviting to duck
hunters and oyster fishermen. The
land was marsh and badly cut by
wide sloughs ; the highway was not
constructed. At that time there
were no developed civilian airports
to serve as a precedent for construc-
tion. The military fields constructed
during the A\ar answered the maxi-
mum requirements for housing of
personnel and planes, and accord-
ingly were developed in a manner
difl^ering from what was considered
essential for a civilian field. Well-
qualified aviators were consulted as
to prospective field layout, but they
differed among themselves on many




M. M. O'SHAUGHNESSY



MILLS FIELD, San Fran-
cisco's municipal airport,
has just completed its second
year as a city-owned enter-
prise. Since the field opened
in May, 1927, there have been
reported in the airport's log
50,322 flights and landings,
with 85,002 passengers flown
to and from all parts of
America.

The remarkable growth of
commercial aviation during the
last year is reflected in a gain
of approximately 525 per cent
in flights and 600 per cent in
passengers for the second year
of Mills Field operations, when
compared with the total busi-
ness of the first year. There
were only 8077 flights and
12,350 passengers from May,
1927, to May, 1928, as against
42,245 flights and 72,652 pas-
sengers from May, 1928, to
May, 1929, according to the
figures given out by Supervisor
Milo F. Kent, chairman of the
city's airport committee.



of the important essentials. As a
result, it became necessary that the
Bureau of Engineering accomplish
considerable pioneer work in airport
planning.

Twenty Minutes' Ride from S. F.

Mills Field is located thirteen
miles (twenty minutes by automo-
bile) in a southerly direction from
the main post office at San Fran-
cisco, and is bounded on the east
side by San Francisco Bay and on
the west by the Bay Shore High-
way. The bay will offer opportuni-
ties later on for expansion and de-
velopment of a seaplane base and
a ship channel. The Bay Shore
Highway will be 125 feet in width
and will extend northerly to San
Francisco and southerly to San
Jose, and will serve all cities on the



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THE MUNICIPAL EMPLOYEE



11



peninsula within a short space of
time. Highway travel time from the
City Hall to the airport will then
be shortened to twenty minutes.
San Bruno hills lie three miles
northward from the field, and are
tar enough away, pilots assure us,
so as not to interfere with safe flj'-
ing conditions.

Beacon Lights the Way

At night the airman is summoned
to the field by a beacon mounted on
the ridge of Hangar Xo. 1. He
recognizes the aeronautical light by
its characteristics, six flashes a min-
ute, each flash lasting one-tenth of
a second. Hovering over the bea-
con, the pilot notes the necklace of
lights which surround and define the
safe landing area. These lights are
spaced about 300 feet on centers
and are so placed that a normal
glide will clear obstructions within
and without the field.

Meteorological Observations
Seven meteorological observations
are taken daily, and the results are
recorded. A Dines anemograph se-
cures a continuous record of wind
velocitv and direction, the baro-




U'lien the City Engineer took a sky ride. Left to right: L. B. Clieminani, Assistant City
Engineer; J. A. Hourigan; John J. Dailey, Deputy City Attorney; J. C. Linehan, Su-
perintendent of Sev-ers; M. \1 . O'Shaughnessy, City Engineer; Professor Lincoln
Hutchinson, Stanford University; J. J. Phillips.



graph gives a continuous record of
atmospheric pressure, and a sun-
shine recorder gives a positive rec-




Plan a' existing Airport at Mills Field



ord of sunshine duration. Precipita-
tion is measured by a standard
weather bureau rain gauge. The
velocity and direction of winds
above the surface of the earth are
determined by pilot balloon obser-
vations. Small balloons are inflated
with hydrogen to a definite free lift
corresponding to the definite ascen-
sional rate of the balloon. The bal-
loon is released on an even minute
and followed with a theodolite until
it disappears in the base of the
clouds. Readings taken with the
theodolite are recorded, and wind
directions and velocities at the vari-
ous elevations are computed. Upon
one occasion at Mills Field a bal-
loon was followed to a height of
50.000 feet.

Administration Building

The Administration Building is a
temporary structure and provides
an office for the airport superin-
tendent, a first-aid room, meteoro-
logical room, sleeping quarters for
personnel, waiting room, and res-
taurant.

Each of the four hangars contains
10.000 square feet and provides
space for ten normal-sized planes in
each structure. Hangars are ori-
ented so that doors face the flying
field. The advantage of this is
threefold : provision of a lee on the
door side from the prevailing winds :
direct passage between hangar and
field, and conservation of valuable
field frontage by spacing adja-
cent hangars close tog et her.
Hangars are assembled with bolts
which allows removal to other loca-
tions, should this be required in the



12



THE MUNICIPAL EMPLOYEE



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future. The hangars are conipar^-
tivelj' shallow in depth, facilitating
plane shifting. Doors to Hangars
No. 2, 3, and 4 are motor-operated
and can be completely opened or
closed in one minute.

Three Runways

There are three runways. Run-
way "A" is 200 feet wide by 1700
feet long; Runway "B" takes advan-
tage of the major axis of the field
and is 200 feet wide by 1900 feet
long; Runway '"C" parallels the di-
rection of the prevailing wind and
is 250 feet wide by 1900 feet long.
Both Runways "B" and "C" are
heavily macadamized and will give
very good service, provided they
are properly maintained.

Field Has Been Drained

The most-used part of the field
has been drained. The system pro-
vides mains at the edge of each run-
way, and laterals connecting to
these at 50-foot intervals. The mains
empty into an open drainage ditch
and the discharge flows to the south-



ern end of the field to a sump, and
from there it is pumped into the bay.
The control, management, and
maintenance of the field are in the
hands of the Airport Committee of
the Board of Supervisors. The field
contains 170 acres and is leased from
the Mills Estate for a period of from
three to five years, at an annual
rental of $1500. Expenditures or-
dered by the Board of Supervisors
and accomplished by the Board of
Public Works and the City Engi-
neer's office total $290,000.

Engineering Plans

A number of plans have been proj-
ected in the City Engineer's ofiice
for the development of Mills Field
into a $4,000,000 port. This money
would be expended over a period of
years, as the needs of the field de-
manded.

A recent study considers the pur-
chase of acreage as follows :

Acres

Existing field 170

Reclaimed land adjoining existing

field 80

Parking and recreational area west

of highway 75



Tidelands to be reclaimed east of
existing field and added to landing
area 450

Tidelands reserved for future devel-
opment 820

1595
The building plan calls for well-
designed hangars and utility build-
ings proportioned to anticipate the
future trend of airplane construc-
tion.

Mills Field can be developed at a
reasonable cost to fulfill all require-
ments of the United States Depart-
ment of Commerce for their highest
rating, an AAl airport. Later on,
auxiliary fields can be acquired close
to the business sections of the city,
where passengers, express and mail
can be quickly loaded and unloaded.
The larger field at Mills would then
serve to hangar and service the
planes. The analogy is found with
our railroad system — the small land-
ing fields comparing with the pas-
senger stations, and Mills Field with
the roundhouse. However, these
small fields should serve as an auxil-
iary and not as a substitute for Mills
Field.




.4 scene at the height of the Sommrr ii Kaufmann shoe store fire. The [>icture shows that it was "llosr Day" for the fire fighters



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THE MUNICIPAL EMPLOYEE



13




Photo Courtesy San Francisco Chronicle

Blossominff out m natty, neti: uniforms. Members of the San Francisco Fire Prevention Bureau of the Fire Department. Left to right:

Harold E. Robie, Inspector; Laiirencc H. Casserly, Inspector; Jacob H. Moll, Inspector; James H. Foyc, Inspector; IVilliam Bullier,

Inspector; Daniel J. McKenna, Inspector ; Captain Theodore Trivett, Captain in Charge ; John M. Pridden, Clerk; Jesse H. McLendon,

Secretary; Lieutenant Henry Casper, Fire Commissioners' Office; Lieutenant B. J. Neitiell, Chief Inspector.

Studying a City's Fire Hazards

By Robert Lee St. Clair

Secretary, Fire Prevention Committee of the San Francisco Junior Chamber of Commerce



THE Fire Prevention Committee
of the San Francisco Junior
Chamber of Commerce, in thorough
accord with the Board of Fire Com-
missioners, has been making- a de-
tailed study of fire conditions in San
Francisco and other Pacific Coast
cities for the last year, and I desire
to summarize for you some of the
results of our investigation. During
the study we have been in constant
contact with the various under-
writers' organizations and the Fire
Department.

This city, being closely built up,
does not have the large number of
gross fires the other coast cities are
inflicted with every summer, and
therefore, we should have fewer
total fires. Instead, San Francisco
is having more fires in proportion
than Seattle, Portland, Oakland and
Los Angeles. The per capita num-
ber of fires in San Francisco is 5.8
times that of Seattle. 30 per cent
higher than that of Oakland, three
times that of Portland and 40 per
cent greater than that of Los An-
geles. We have more fires per capita
than any of the larger cities in the
United States, except two — St. Louis
and Boston.



During the ten years ending in
December, 1927, 149 lives were lost
Ijy fire in San Francisco, an average
of fifteen per year, or more than one
person burned to death each month.

It appears that San Francisco has
fire apparatus and firemen in proper
proportion to its population and con-
ditions, besides probably the best
high pressure water system in the
world. With the 1906 fire still fresh
in its memory, our Board of Super-
visors has been reasonable in its re-
sponse to the Board of Fire Com-
missioners' repeated request for
more equipment. In general, the
Fire Department is efficient at ex-
tinguishing fires, and over a long
period of years the average loss per
fire has been around $900. a mod-
erate figure. San Francisco, with its
many closely liuilt up areas of frame
construction, is facing, with each
alarm of fire, a potential conflagra-
tion. Therefore, our concern is over
the excessive number of fires an-
nually reported, averaging nearly
twentv alarms per day, an indication
that the population of our city,
through lack of education, is indif-
ferent to fire hazards and careless.

It has been conclusively proved



in other cities I have mentioned, and
in Eastern cities, that the number of
fires in a city can be materially cut
down by inspection and education,
both carried on by the Fire Depart-
ment. Inspection, to detect known
fire hazards and cause their removal.
Education, through radio talks,
newspaper articles and work with
school children and Boy Scouts, all
carried on by qualified fire preven-
tion officials of the Fire Department,
to instill in the minds of the citizens
an appreciation of the fire dangers
constantly surrounding them. The
Seattle Fire Department has about
thirty men in this inspection and
educational work ; Portland, twenty ;
Oakland, eleven : Fresno, seven ; Los
Angeles, fifty-four. San Francisco,
until last July, had three. Due to
work of our committee and the sup-
port of various other organizations,
including the Board of Fire Com-
missioners, the Down Town .Asso-
ciation, the Parent-Teachers' Asso-
ciation, the women's clubs, and
many others, we now have in the
Bureau of Fire Prevention and
Public Safety, ten men.

We are spending in San Francisco
about three and one-half million del-



14



THE MUNICIPAL EMPLOYEE



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Phdto Courtesy San Francisco News

ALL DRESSED UP!

Captain TlieoJorr Trivett, Chief of the Fire Department's Bureau of Fire Pre<vention, left,

and Lieutenant B. J. Newell, right, wearing the department's new uniforms



lars a year to extinguish fires, and
only about twenty-one thousand
dollars to prevent them.

The Bureau of Fire Prevention
and Public Safety, which is the only
branch of the city government
working along these lines, was com-
pleteljr reorganized last July by the



Board of Fire Commissioners. Cap-
tain Theodore Trivett, an officer
particularly adapted to fire preven-
tion work and who has proved his
worth during the last ten months,
was placed in charge of the Bureau,
and, under his supervision, inspec-
tions have been made of the build-



ings in the area bounded by the Em
barcadero, Tenth Street, Harrisor
Street and Market Street, as well a;
in several of the mercantile sections
and of many hospitals and schools.

The total inspection work per
formed by the Bureau of Fire Pre
vention and Public Safety fron
July 1, 1928, to May 1, 1929, inclu
sive, is as follows :

Total inspections 7731

Total re-inspections 4358

Total violations 6620

Total corrections 4595

Present Force Inadequate

Based upon the experience of th<
other cities studied, the normal an-
nual activities of the Fire Depart-
ment should include a thorough in
spection of the entire city, excepi
possible dwellings, at least three
times, and a continuous educationa
campaign. It is obvious, by compar
ing the size of our Fire Preventioi
Bureau with those of other cities
and considering the amount of worl
accomplished in ten months, that tht
present force is woefully inadequate

We are convinced that the wastt
by fire and loss of human life in
San Francisco can be materially re
duced by maintaining a Fire Pre
vention Bureau comparable to thost
of our sister cities of the Pacifit
Coast. Keeping in mind the prac-
tical side of the situation, and with
our conviction backed by practical
proofs, we are asking the Board of
Supervisors to appropriate an addi-
tional fifteen thousand dollars for
this cause in the coming budget,
which will bring the total amount to
be expended in San Francisco next
year to |36,000.

Recommendations

In addition to our definite recom-
mendations made for the Bureau of
Fire Prevention and Public Safety,
we have offered for consideration
the following ideas developed during
the last year by our committee and
its advisory board:

1. Quick-raising eighty-five feet
aerial ladders should be installed in
the downtown districts. These are
standard equipment in most Fire
Departments and are valuable for
rescue work. Our longest ladders,
as you know, are sixty-five feet,
raised by hand, a comparatively
slow process.

2. High-pressure extensions should
be made where needed.

3. All company officers should be
required to familiarize themselves
with the buildings in their districts,
except private dwellings. This is



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15



now being done in four companies'
districts.

4. A fire college, similar to that of
other cities, should be instituted as



Online LibrarySan Francisco (Calif.). Board of SupervisorsThe municipal employee (Volume v.3 (Jan. - Sept. 1929)) → online text (page 19 of 84)