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MR. JOHN MclLHENNY.



THE SCOTCH-IRISH IN AMERICA,



PROCEEDINGS AND ADDRESSES



EIGHTH CONGRESS,



AT



HARRISBURG, PA., JUNE 4-7, 1896



PUBLISHED BY ORDER OF

THE SCOTCH-IRISH SOCIETY OP AMERICA.



NASHVIT.LK, TENN.
BARBEE & SMITH, AGENTS.



COPYRIGHT, 1897.
SCOTCH-IRISH SOCIETY OF AMERICA.




184 W^f ^@3
S4S4

y.




CONTENTS OF VOLUME VIII.



PART I.

FRONTISPIECE ENGRAVING or MR. JOHN MC!LHENNY. PAGE

OFFICERS OF THE SOCIETY 1

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE 3

LIFE MEMBERS 4

CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS 5

LOCAL COMMITTEES 9

EIGHTH SCOTCH-IRISH CONGRESS. BY A. C. FLOYD 11

PROCEEDINGS.
FinsT SESSION OF THE CONGRESS.

Opening exercises 20

Mayor Patterson's address of welcome 20

Dr. Macintosh's response 21

President Bonner's letter of resignation 26

Mr. Long's letter... 28

FIRST BUSINESS MEETING.

Report of Executive Committee 33

Financial Report 36

MEETING AT DERRY.

Mr. A. Boyd Hamilton's paper on Deny read 36

Mr. Samuel Evans's paper on Donegal read 37

MEETING AT PAXTANG.

Mr. W. F. Rutherford makes an address 38

Dr. N. G. Parke makes an address 38

SECOND SESSION OF THE CONGRESS.

Governor Hastings's address of welcome 39

Vice President General's response 42

Dr. Egle delivers an address 4.'!

Dr. Henry C. McCook introduced and makes an address 44

Synopsis of Dr. Hall's address 44

SECOND BUSINESS MEETING.

Dr. Macintosh's report concerning President Bonner 45

Report of the Nominating Committee 47

Resolution to continue Mr. Bonner in the Presidency 48

Princeton's Offer to the Society 49

Washington and Lee's Ofier 49

(iii)



IV THE SCOTCH-IRISH IN AMERICA.

THIRD SESSION OP THE CONGRESS. PAGE

Dr. George Macloskie introduced 53

Mr. Robert McMeen introduced 53

Mr. B. M. Nead introduced 53

Mr. E. W. S. Parthemore introduced 53

THIRD BUSINESS MEETING.

Meeting of the National Council and Election of the Executive Com
mittee 54

Honorary Members Elected 55

FOURTH SESSION OF THE CONGRESS.

Hon. W. H. Hunter presented and reads a paper 55

Major W. C. Armor's Letter to Dr. Macintosh 55

Mr. Grier Hersh introduced and reads a paper 56

Mr. J. F. Meginnes presents a paper 57

FIFTH SESSION OF THE CONGRESS.

Chancellor McCracken introduced and delivers an address 57

Dr. James D. Moffatt presents an address . 4. 57

Dr. George Noroross introduced and reads a paper 58

LAST SESSION OF THE CONGRESS.

Dr. Macintosh delivers an address 58

The Chairman's remarks at the close of the Congress 58

Resolutions adopted ' 60

Dr. George B. Stewart's response 61

MEMBERS RECEIVED AT HARRISBURG. . . 63

INVITATIONS.

Invitation from Denver 65

Detroit's Invitation 66

Invitation from Nashville 66

From St. Louis 67

From San Jose, Cal 67

PART II.
ADDRESSES.

LANDMARKS OF EARLY SCOTCH-IRISH SETTLEMENT IN PENNSYLVANIA. By

William Henry Egle, M.D., Harrisburg, Pa 71

SCOTCH-IRISH WOMEN PIONEERS. By Rev. Henry C. McCook, D.D.,

S.C.D., Philadelphia, Pa 83

THE CHANGES OF A CENTURY; OR, ULSTER AS IT WAS AND AS IT Is. By

Prof. George Macloskie, LL.D., D.S.C., Princeton, N. J 95

THE SCOTCH-IRISH OF THE JUNIATA VALLEY. By Robert McMeen, Esq.,
Mifflinton, Pa 110

THE SCOTCH-IRISH MOVEMENT IN THE CUMBERLAND VALLEY op PENNSYL
VANIA. By Benjamin Matthias Nead, Esq., Harrisburg, Pa 130

EARLY FERRIES ON THE SUSQUEHANNA AMONG THE SCOTCH-IRISH. By E.
W. S. Parthem.ore, Esq., Harrisburg, Pa 137



CONTENTS OF VOLUME VIII. V

PACK
SCOTCH-IRISH INFLUENCE ON AMERICAN JOURNALISM. By Hon. W. H.

Hunter, Steubenville, 142

THE SCOTCH-IRISH OF THE UPPER SUSQUEHANNA VALLEY. By John F.
Meginnes, Esq., Williamsport, Pa 159

WHAT MANNER OF MAN WAS AND Is THE SCOTCH-IRISH AMERICAN? By
Rev. Dr. Henry M. MacOacken, Chancellor of New York University. 170

PIONEER EDUCATORS IN WASHINGTON COUNTY, PA. By Rev. James D.
Moffatt, D.D 180

THE SCOTCH-IRISH IN THE CUMBERLAND VALLEY. By Rev. George Nor-
croi-s, D.D., Carlisle, Pa 188

SCOTCH-IRISH SETTLEMENT OF DONEGAL, LANCASTER COUNTY, PA. By Sam
uel Evans, Esq., Columbia, Pa 212

OLD PAXTANG CHURCH. By Hon. W. F. Rutherford, Harrisburg, Pa 219

PERSONAL KNOWLEDGE OF THE SCOTCH-IRISH. By Rev. N. G. Parke, D.D.,
Pittston, Pa 227

HISTORY OF HANOVER CHURCH AND CONGREGATION, DAUPHIN COUNTY,
PA. By Judge J. W. Simonton, Harrisburg, Pa 231

SCOTCH-IRISH BIBLIOGRAPHY OF PENNSYLVANIA. By Maj. William Craw
ford Armor, Harrisburg, Pa 253

REMINISCENCE OF THE LAST Two MODERATORS, YOUNG AND CRAIG, AND
THE WASHINGTON GAVEL. By Col. Thomas M. Green 290

SCOTCH-IRISH IN THE CUMBERLAND VALLEY. By John M. Cooper, Esq.,
Chambersburg, Pa 295

THE SCOTCH-IRISH IN YORK: AND ADAMS COUNTIES, PENNSYLVANIA. By
Grier Hersh, Esq., York, Pa 319

OLD DERRY CHURCH. By Hon. A. Boyd Hamilton, Harrisburg, Pa 380

CLOSING EXERCISES OF THE CONGRESS 392

IN MEMORIAM.

James Macnamee 400

Judge William Gilmore 400

James Geddes Craighead, D.D 401

William C. McBride. . . 401



OBITUARY NOTICES 402

LIST OF MEMBERS 403

SUPPLEMENTAL LIST OF MEMBERS. . . 418



THE SCOTCH-IRISH IN AMERICA.

FART I.

OFFICEES OF THE SCOTCH-IRISH SOCIETY OF AMEEICA.

President.
EGBERT BONNER, New York City.

Vice President General.
REV. JOHN S. MACINTOSH, D.D., Philadelphia, Pa.

First Vice President at Large.
T. T. WRIGHT, Nashville, Tenn.

Second Vice President at Large.
EEV. J. H. BRYSON, D.D., Iluntsville, Ala.

Secretary.
A. C. FLOYD, Chattanooga, Tenn.

Treasurer.
JOHN MclLHENNY, Philadelphia, Pa.

Vice Presidents for Stales and Territories.
Massachusetts. JOHN A. AIKEN, Greenfield.
Connecticut. HON. D. S. CALHOUN, Hartford.
New Hampshire. HON. LEONARD A. MORRISON, Canobie Lake.
New York. DR. JOHN HALL, New York City.
Pennsylvania. COL. A. K. McCLURE, Philadelphia.
New Jersey. HON. THOMAS N. MCCARTER, Newark.

(1)



2 THE SCOTCH-IEISH IN AMERICA.

Ohio. HON. "W. H. HUNTER, Stcubenville.

Illinois. HON. J. M. SCOTT, Bloomington.

Iowa. HON. P. M. CASSADY, Des Moines.

Florida. DR. GEORGE TROTJP MAXWELL, Jacksonville.

Alabama. IRWIN CRAIGHEAD, Mobile.

Michigan. HON. B. M. CUTCHEON, Grand Eapids.

Texas. HON. SAM P. COCHRAN, Dallas.

Minnesota. HON. S. J. E. MCMILLAN, St. Paul.

Maine. HON. JOSIAH H. DRUMMOND, Portland.

Indiana. HON. J. B. WHITE, Fort Wayne.

Nebraska. HON. W. H. ALEXANDER, Omaha.

California. REV. FRANK P. THOMPSON, Redwood.

Virginia. HON. WILLIAM WIRT HENRY, Richmond.

West Virginia. MR. JAMES ARCHER, of Brooke County; Post

Office, Steubenville, O.

North Carolina. HON. S. B. ALEXANDER, Charlotte.
Georgia. COL. G. W. ADAIR, Atlanta.
Mississippi.^- RT. REV. HUGH MILLER THOMPSON, Jackson.
Louisiana. HON. WILLIAM PRESTON JOHNSTON, New Orleans.
Kentucky. DR. HERVEY MCDOWELL, Cynthiana.
Oregon. REV. THOMAS MCCLELLAND, Forest Grove.
Canada. REV. STUART ACHESON, Toronto.
Ontario, Canada. HON. A. T. WOOD, Hamilton.

State Secretaries.

New Jersey. PROF. GEORGE MACLOSKIE, LL.D., Princeton.

Kentucky. HELM BRUCE, Louisville.

Texas. W. HUGH HUNTER, Dallas.

Iowa. MR. W. H. FLEMING, Des Moines.

Ohio. TOD B. GALLOWAY, Columbus.

Michigan. JAMES B. McKAY, Detroit.

Alabama. FRANK P. GLASS, Montgomery.

West Virginia. HON. JOHN FREW, Wheeling.

New York. JOHN SINCLAIR, No. 1 Broadway, New York City.

Indiana. C. A. CARLISLE, South Bend.

Illinois. REV. HOWARD A. JOHNSTON, D.D., Chicago.



EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE.

EGBERT BONNER, President.

DR. JOHN S. MACINTOSH, Vice President General.

ex officio members.
A. C. FLOYD, Secretary.

JOHN MclLHENNY, Treasurer.
PROP. GEORGE MACLOSKIE, Princeton, !N". J.
MR. M. W. MCALARNEY, Harrisburg, Pa.
DR. JOHN W. DINSMORE, San Jose, Cul.
DR. J. H. BRYSON, Huntsville, Ala.
PROP. H. A. WHITE, Lexington, Ya.
MR. HELM BRUCE, Louisville, Ky.
MR. W. HUGH HUNTER, Dallas, Tex.



LIFE MEMBEES.

MR. ROBERT BONNER, New York City.
REV. DR. JOHN HALL, New York City.
HON. A. T. WOOD, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.
PROF. A. L. PERRY, Williamstown, Mass.
COL. W. A. HERRON, Pittsburg, Pa.
DR. WILLIAM C. SHAW, Pittsburg, Pa.
MR. J. KING MCLANAHAN, Hollidaysburg, Pa.
REV. JOHN S. MACINTOSH, D.D., Philadelphia, Pa.
PROP. GEORGE MACLOSKiE, Princeton, N. J.
COL. THOMAS T. WRIGHT, Nashville, Tenn.
(4)



CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS AS AMENDED AND
ADOPTED AT PITTSBURG.

CONSTITUTION.

Article 1.

The name of this Association shall be the Scotch-Irish Society of
America.

Article II.

The purposes of this Society are the preservation of Scotch-Irish
history and associations, the increase and diffusion of knowledge re
garding the Scotch-Irish people, the keeping alive of the characteris
tic qualities and sentiments of the race, the promotion of intelligent
patriotism, and the development of social intercourse and fraternal
feeling.

Article III.

Any person above the age of twenty-one years, who is of Scotch-
Irish descent, shall be eligible to membership in this Society.

Article IV.

The officers of the Society shall be a President, Vice President
General, two Vice Presidents at large, a Secretary and a Treasurer,
with Vice Presidents for each State, Territory, and Province, and the
District of Columbia.

Article V.

The President, Vice President General, Vice Presidents at large,
Secretary and Treasurer, shall be elected by ballot at the annual ses
sions of the Congress. The Vice Presidents for the States, Territories
and Provinces, and the aforesaid District, shall be chosen in such man
ner as each Congress shall direct.

Article VL

There shall be a National Council of the Society, composed of
the officers named in Article IV.

Article VII.

During the Congress at which their terms of office begin, the Na
tional Council shall choose an Executive Committee, to consist of the
President. Vice President General, Secretary and Treasurer, and seven

other members of the Society.

(5)



6 THE SCOTCH-IRISH IN AMERICA..

Article VIII.

The annual Congress of the Society shall be held at Buch time
and place as may be determined by the Executive Committee.

Article IX.

This Constitution may be altered, amended or repealed only by a
majority vote of the members of the Association present and voting
at the annual Congress, or at a special meeting called for that purpose
after twenty days' notice in writing to the members.

Article X.

The Executive Committe shall have authority to establish by-laws,
rules and regulations for the government of the Society, subject to the
revision of the annual Congress.

BY-LAWS.

Section I.

1. Any person eligible to membership may send his application to
the Secretary with suitable reference and annual dues, and, upon a
favorable report of the Membership Committee, shall become a mem
ber of the Society.

2. The annual dues up to January 1, 1891, shall be $2.00, but
thereafter shall be $3.00, for which each member shall be entitled to
the annual volume and other publications of the Society.

3. The payment at one time of $100.00 shall constitute a life
member, who shall be exempted from all annual dues.

4. The financial year of the Society shall end the 31st day of
March of every year. Any member whose subscription shall remain
unpaid at that date, no satisfactory explanation being given, may be
dropped from the roll after thirty days' notice. Such members shall
be restored upon, fresh application, and the payment of all sums duo
the Society.

5. The Executive Committee may, by a two-thirds vote of their
number, suspend for just cause, or remove altogether any person from
the roll of the Society.

Section II.

1. A majority of the members who shall have reported their ar
rival to the proper officer at the place of meeting, shall constitute a
quorum for the transaction, of the business of the Congress.



CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS. 7

Section 111.

1. The President, or, in his absence, one of the national Vice
Presidents, in the order named, shall preside at all meetings; but
should all these officers be absent, or from any reason be unable to act,
a Chairman shall be chosen for the special occasion.

2. The Vice President General shall be especially charged with
the duty of extending the membership and influence of the Society,
and organizing branch Societies under the direction of the Executive
Committee.

3. The Vice Presidents at large shall assist the Vice President
General in the discharge of his duties, and co-operate with the Secre
tary and Treasurer to the utmost of their ability in the fulfillment of
their respective duties.

4. The Vice Presidents for States, Territories and Provinces shall
act as the official heads and representatives of the Society in their re
spective territories, and shall use their official influence in furthering
its interests therein.

5. The Secretary shall keep an accurate roll of the members of
the Society ; preserve a record of all its proceedings ; conduct its gen
eral correspondence ; collect its funds ; keep its seal and valuable pa
pers ; present at each Congress a necrological report, and see that its
orders are properly carried out. His salary shall be fixed each year
by the Executive Committee.

6. The Treasurer shall have custody of the funds of the Society ;
they shall be deposited in some bank to the credit of the Society, and
shall be drawn thence only on the Treasurer's check for purposes of
the Society. Out of these funds he shall pay such sums as may be
ordered by the Congress or the Executive Committee. He shall keep
a true account of receipts and expenditures, and render report of the
same at each annual meeting of the Congress, when his accounts shall
be audited by a committee appointed for that purpose.

Section IV.

The Executive Committee shall carefully carry out all the direc
tions issued by the Congress; they shall have full powers in the affairs
of the Society, not disposed of at the annual meeting ; they shall ap
point whatever committees deemed necessary; they shall, in conjunc
tion with the Vice Presidents for the States and Territories, and also
with the Secretaries of branch organizations, industriously seek out
and carefully preserve all historical materials interesting and valuable



3 THE SCOTCH-IRISH IN AMEKICA.

to our Society, and, so far as ability and means will allow, spread
information concerning the past achievements and present aims and
condition of the Scotch-Irish race.

Section V.

1. Branch organizations whose objects are in harmony with
those of this Society may become and remain affiliated with the
same by the annual payment of one dollar for each paying member
of said branch association.

2. Installments of this sum may be sent at any time by said
branch organization to the Secretary of this Society, who shall at
once forward for every dollar so paid one of our annual volumes to
such persons as said branch society may designate.

3. Such branch organizations shall each year furnish a list of
their paid-up members to the Secretary of this Society before the
annual Congress, and this shall constitute the basis of representation.

4. Every branch organization complying with the foregoing
conditions shall be entitled to one delegate in the annual Congress
for every five of its paid-up members.

Section VI.

No official correspondence shall be carried on nor any invita
tions issued on behalf of the Society except through the regular
officers or the Executive Committee of the Scotch-Irish Society of
America.



COMMITTEES OF THE LOCAL ORGANIZATION HOLDING
THE SCOTCH-IRISH CONGRESS AT HAREISBURG, PA.

INVITATION COMMITTEE.

MATTHIAS W. MCALARNEY, Chairman;
J. MONTGOMERY FORSTER, W. FRANKLIN RUTHERFORD,

SAMUEL J. M. MCCARRELL, ROBERT SNODGRASS,
COL. HENRY McCoRMicK, REV. G. B. STEWART, D.D.

ENTERTAINMENT COMMITTEE.

GILBERT M. MCCAULEY, Chairman;
WILLIAM J. ADAMS, DR. ROBERT H. MOFFITT,

DAVID FLEMING, J. ADDISON RUTHERFORD,

HENRY B. MCCORMICK, J. Q. A. RUTHERFORD,

EHRMAN B. MITCHELL, JAMES R. WALKER.

TRANSPORTATION COMMITTEE.

THOMAS L. WALLACE, Chairman;
JAMES CLARKE, EDGAR C. FELTON,

GEORGE W. CREIGHTON, THOMAS T. WIERMAN.

MUSIC COMMITTEE.

REV. G. S. CHAMBERS, D.D., Chairman;
TJucius S. BIGLOW, EDWARD Z. GROSS,

WILLIAM J. CALDER, HENRY A. KELKER,

DAVID E. CROZIER, JAMES MCCORMICK, SR.,

GEORGE R. FLEMING, BENJAMIN M. NEAD,

JOHN E. PATTERSON.

RECEPTION COMMITTEE.

SPENCER C. GILBERT, Chairman;

LEVI B. ALRICKS, REV. GEORGE S. DUNCAN, D.D.,

CHARLES H. BERGNER, DR. WILLIAM H. EGLE,

HON. JAMES DONALD CAMERON, JOSHUA R. ELDER,
MEADE D. DETWEILER, REV. C. H. FORNEY, D.D.,

CASPER DULL, Louis W. HALL,

(9)



10 THE SCOTCH-IKISH IN AMERICA.

DR. HUGH HAMILTON, HARRY McCoRMicK, JR.,

HENRY L. HARRIS, ANDREW S. MCCREATH,

Gov. DANIEL H. HASTINGS, BENJAMIN F. MEYERS,

GABRIEL A. HEISTER, E. "W. SCOTT PARTHEMORE,

EDWARD W. JACKSON, WILLIAM PEARSON,

COL. FRANCIS JORDAN, THOMAS H. EEDMOND,

GEORGE KUNKEL, J. EDMUND EUTHEREORD,

WILLIAM B. LAMBERTON, JAMES A. STRANAHAN,

ROBERT B. MATEER, J. Q. A. STUART.

FINANCE COMMITTEE.

MARLIN E. OLMSTED, Chairman;
WILLIAM K. ALRICKS, JAMES M. CAMERON,

EDWARD BAILEY, LYMAN D. GILBERT,

JOHN Y. BOYD, LANE S. HART,

A. J. DULL, YANCE MCCORMICK,

JOHN H. WEISS.

PRINTING COMMITTEE.

JOHN G. ORR, Chairman;

F. ASBURY AWL, H. MURRAY GRAYDON,

JOHN W. GERMAN, ELLIS L. MUMMA.

DECORATION COMMITTEE.

SAMUEL W. FLEMING, Chairman;
WILLIAM C. ARMOR, W. ORVILLE HICKOK,

SAMUEL H. GARLAND, WILLIAM A. KELKER,

DONALD C. HALDEMAN, A. WILSON NORRIS.



CONTRIBUTORS TO THE EXPENSE FUND.

ALL of the funds required for the entertainment of the Congress
were furnished by the Scotch-Irish people of Harrisburg, but their
names are not mentioned because they objected to any publicity on
this account.



THE EIGHTH SCOTCH-IRISH CONGRESS.

BY A. C. FLOYD, CHATTANOOGA, TENX.

PENNSYLVANIA received the first considerable waves of emi
gration from North Ireland to the new world. Many of the
immigrants passed through to other colonies, either at once
or after a short residence, but a majority of them remained
and made up the bulk of the original settlers of "Penn's
woods." Some of them remained on the eastern border with
the Quakers. Most of them pushed forward into the interior
and settled the middle and western parts of the S^tate. Dauphin
County, of which Harrisburg is the capital, contained some of
the chief settlements of the race in those early days; and her
old churches, some of them still standing, were the centers of
Scotch-Irish influence. Harrisburg is, therefore, not only the
capital of the State, but the fountain head of Scotch-Irish
tradition and power.

To present to the world the true strength of this influence
in striking and complete form was the object which certain
prominent citizens of Harrisburg had in view when they in
vited tiic Scotch-Irish Society of America to hold its Eighth
Annual Congress in their city. Some idea of the historic as
sociations of the race clustering around Harrisburg may be
gathered from the following editorial extract from the Har
risburg Patriot:

Few communities in this country know so much of the virtues, valor,
and patriotism of the Scotch-Irish as this.

Here, in what is now Dauphin County, the first of these peaceful in
vaders from the green fields of Ulster settled along Swatara and Pishing
Creek, and at Harris's Ferry, from 1726 to 1736; they crossed the Susque-
hanna to settle along the Conodoguinet and about the great springs
which abound in the Cumberland Valley and up along the Conoco-
cheague, with its several branches, in the vicinity of what is now Cham-
bersburg and Mercersburg. "In 1740," says Dr. Erskine, "there were in
Cumberland and Franklin Counties about one thousand families of this
people; in 1850 there were in these two counties four thousand and



THE SCOTCH-IRISH IN AMERICA.

eighty-nine farms, the greater part of which were still in the hands of

the descendants of the original Scotch-Irish settlers."

This vicinity is rich in memories of these early settlers. A dozen
miles west of us, at Silver Spring, we have the first Scotch-Irish Pres
byterian church organized west of the Susquehanna. Near Highspire
stands the home of Col. James Burd, erected by him in 1767, and in the
Middletown graveyard the hero and patriot sleeps. All around we see
living testimony to the worth of the descendants of this remarkable
race. Our city is part of their thrift and enterprise.

The invitation was extended to the Society at its meeting
in Lexington, Va., through Hon. W. F. Kutherford and Hon.
M. W. McAlarney. It was presented in the name of the Gov
ernor of Pennsylvania and the representative organizations
of Harrisburg. The initial step in the movement which led
to the invitation was taken by Hon. W. F. Rutherford, who
was one of the first to join the Society after it was organized
and who has always taken the most active interest in its wel
fare. As he is a prominent member of old Paxtang Church,
so fully described in this volume, and as he is descended from
its celebrated founders, it was entirely natural and appropri
ate that he should take particular interest in securing the
meeting of the Society in his section.

Joined with him from the beginning was Mr. M. W. McAlar
ney, editor of the Harrisburg Telegraph, and one of the most
respected and most popular public men of his city. Mr. Mc
Alarney acted at Lexington as spokesman for his townsmen
in extending their invitation to our Society, and was the lead
ing spirit in the arrangements made for the entertainment of
the Congress after the invitation was accepted.

Denver. Colo., and San Jose", Cal., also presented invitations
at the same time as Harrisburg, but the Executive Committee,
lo whom the decision of the place was left, decided with little
hesitation in favor of the latter city. Indeed, the decision was
rendered and announced before the adjournment of the Lex
ington meeting. The decision of the committee met with the
hearty and general approval of the membership of the Society.
In due time local Committees of Arrangement were formed
to provide for the success of the Congress, with Judge J. W.
Sirnonton as General Chairman and Mr. J. W. German as
General Secretary. The following were the chairmen of the
various committees:



THE EIGHTH SCOTCH-IRISH CONGKESS. 13

HON. J. W. SIMON-TON, General Chairman.

Executive Committee.
JOHN B. MoPiiERSON, Chairman.

MATHIAS W. MCA.LARNEY, Chairman Invitation Committee.
GILBERT M. MCCAULEY, Chairman Entertainment Committee.
THOMAS L. WALLACE, Chairman Transportation Committee.
REV. GEORGE S. CHAMBERS, D.D., Chairman Music Committee.
SPENCER C. GILBERT, Chairman "Reception Committee.
MARLIN E. OLMSTED, Chairman Finance Committee.
JOHN G. ORR, Chairman Printing Committee.
SAMUEL W. FLEMING, Chairman Decoration Committee.

They are all leading men of Harrisburg, occupying the most
prominent and honored positions in their respective vocations.
The same may be said of all the committeemen, all of whose
names are given at another place in this volume.

Though they conferred with representatives of the National
Society, the arrangements were practically all left to the lo
cal committeeinen. They chose all the speakers, assigned ;'ll
the subjects, arranged matters of transportation, sent out the
invitations, and settled all details of entertainment. It was
recognized as largely a local affair, and the speakers and
subjects were chosen with reference to bringing out local his
tory as extensively as possible. The subjects were so distrib
uted as not to conflict with or overlap each other; and the re
sult, as seen in this volume, proves that the assignments were
wisely made. Partly for this reason and partly because the
historic mines from which they drew are exceptionally rich,
the combined material gathered at this Congress is the most
valuable and the most extensive that we have yet been able to
secure from any particular locality.

Not only were the literary features of the occasion of rare
interest, but the social side was looked after with especial
care. Two excursions and two receptions, one of them at the
Governor's mansion, were the formal entertainments tendered
us, aside from the regular sessions of the Congress, but all
the hospitality and attentions shown visitors can neither be
numbered nor described. Nothing that a highly cultured and
hospitable community could do to make the visit enjoyable was
left undone. On the afternoon of the first dav of the occasion



14: THE SCOTCH-IRISH IN AMERICA.

all the members and visiting friends were tbe guests of the



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