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THE LIBRARY



OF



THE



OF



LOS



UNIVERSITY
CALIFORNIA
ANGELES



TRANSACTIONS

OF THE EIGHTH

INTERNATIONAL
OPHTHALMOLOGICAL CONGRESS

HELD IN EDINBURGH AUGUST 1894



EDITED WITH THE ASSISTANCE OF

Drs. parent, HESS, AND FERGUS

BY

GEORGE A. BERRY

GENERAL SECRETARY



EDINBURGH
PRINTED BY T. and A. CONSTABLE

AT THE University Press
1894



Ljbraij



W4



LIST OF MEMBERS OF THE CONGRESS

WITH HOME ADDRESSES.



Aba pie, D r .



Sec



*• Albertotti, Prof. Guiseppe
Allen, Dr. Geo

AN TONEL fetr ^fr

Ap Thomas, Dr.

- Ayres, Dr. .

Bach, Dr.

Barck, Dr. C.

Batten, Pr.
^ Beaumont, Dr.

Benson, Dr.

Berry, Dr. G. A. (Gen
^ Berry, Dr. R. J. A.

• BiCKERTON, Dr. .

^ Black, Dr. .

BiklliMAiUd, Dl. — T"

BoRTHEN, Dr. Lyder
, BoTTO, Dr. .

BouviN, Dr. .
^Brailey, Dr.

Bttettauer, Dr. .

Bs*eER, Dr. A. .

Brock, Dr. .
/-'Bronner, Dr.

Brown, Dr.
, Browne, Dr. Edgar
« Browne, Dr. Walton

" Bull, Dr. Stedman
" Burnett, Dr. Swan

- Cant, Mr. .
, Cheatham, Dr.

Ch£vallereau, Dr.
^ Chesshire, Mr. .

Cb*bret, Dr.

Chisolm, Dr.
. Clark, Dr. .
" CoGGiN, Dr. .

Collins, Mr.
^ Cowell, Mr.



9 Rue Volney, Paris.

R. Clinica Oculistica UniA'ersita, Modena.

Aurora, Illinois, U.S.A.

Naples.

5 Union Street, Oldham.

64 West 7th Street, Cincinnati, U.S.A.

Universitiits Augenklinik, AViirzburg.

2715 Locust Street, St. Louis, Mo., U.S.A.

14 Finsbury Circus, London, E.C.

4 Gay Street, Bath.

42 Fitzwilliam Square, London.

31 Drumsheiigh Gardens, Edinburgh.

Ramsay Gardens, Edinburgh.

88 Rodney Street, Liverpool.

46 Academy Street, Inverness.
-Ohristiania.

Drontheim, Norway.

Genoa.

The Hague.

1 1 Old Burlington Street, London, W.

10 Via delle Acque, Trieste.

42 Lauriston Place, Edinburgh.

33 Manor Row, Bradford.

Carlisle.

39 Rodney Street, Liverpool.

Belfast.

4 Rue de la Paix, Paris.

47 West 36th Street, New York.
1770 Mass. Avenue, Washington.

3 Lindum Road, Lincoln.

303 West Chestnut Street, Louisville, U.S.A.

9 Rue des Pyramides, Paris.

Wolverhampton.

Clermont-Ferrand, France.

Baltimore.

188 East State Street, Columbus.

Salem, U.S.A.

47 Devonshire St., Portland PL, London, W.

3 Cavendish PL, Cavendish Sq., London, W.



Iv Eighth [ 7tternational Ophthalmological Congress



-t-



Crichett, Mr.
Cross, Dr. .
Cunningham, Dr.



-&



-^



DabieR) Dr i
*" Davidson, Dr.

D&HT>«'HM WN, Professor
Dj«h-.kich>, Dr. K.- .
DfM»BR, Dr.
^ Dixon, Dr. .
•DeHN'flRRft, Professor .
D©«EK, Professor •
- Donaldson, Mr. .
" Dor, Professor
'e DOYNE, Mr. .

_ Drake-Brockman, Dr. E. F.

DTTTDtTR, Dr.

- Bales, Mr. .
Ehrhardt, Dr. .

i^ — ^Ellaby, Miss Charlotte
Ellegood, Dr.
^ Emrys-Jones, Dr.

ESSERG, Dc.

Falchi, Professor

- Ferdinands, Dr. .

- Fergus, Dr. (English Sec.

- Fitzgerald, Dr. .
Fox, Dr. L. W. .

^ Franke, Dr. E. .

Frederick, Dr. M. W.
-aFrost, Mr. .

- FocHS, Professor E.
FcKAiA, Dr.

f Fullarton, Dr. .



trAYET, "Professor .

Germain, Dr.
- — .GkJEDTnEHEs:," Dr. .
"^ Gould, Dr. .
^ Grant, Dr. H. Y.
^ Green, Dr. .
^ Griffith, Dr. Hill

G»eSj Dri
— *^ — ^rossmann. Dr. .
- Gruening, Dr.






- GuNN, Mr.
<1 "^Gutmann, Dr.
"€«€HHcpDr. .

- Hailes, Dr. .

-Haltenhoff, Profes'sor



21 Harley Street, London, W.
Worcester House, Clifton, Bristol.
12 Ward Terrace, Sunderland.

5 Rue Saint Benoit, Paris.
343 Union Street, Aberdeen.
Esplanade, Hamburg.
Universitiits-Augenklinik, Leipzig.

3 ^laximilianplatz, Vienna.

232 Clarendon Street, Boston, U.S.A.

St. Petersburg.

Leyden.

49 Great James Street, Londonderry.

Lyons.

Kilcrone, Oxford.

4 Inglis Road, Ealing, London.
7 Rue du Midi, Lausanne.

7 Newhall Street, Birmingham.

St. Louis, U.S.A.

7 Upper Wimpole Street, London, W.

Wilmington, U.S.A.

10 St. John Street, Manchester.

28 Schillerstrasse, Hanover.

R. Clinica oftalmica, Uiiiversita, Pa via.

1 Albyn Place, Aberdeen.

203 Bath Street, Glasgow.

27 Upper Merrion St. , Dublin.

Philadelphia.

45 Colonaden, Hamburg.

Washington.

17 Queen Anne St. , Cavendish Sq. , London, W.

9 Oppolzergasse, Vienna.
Pilsen.

201 Bath Street, Glasgow.

106 Rue de I'Hotel-de-Ville, Lyons.
Algiers.

10 Badgasse, Buda-Pesth.
Philadelphia.

414 Delaware Avenue, Buffalo, N.Y., U.S.A.

2670 Washington Avenue, St. Louis, U.S.A.

17 St. John Street, Manchester.

24 Rue St. Jean, Boulogne.

70 Rodney Street, Liverpool.

109 East 23rd Street, New York.

54 Queen Anne Street, London, W.

Berlin.

4 Miinsterplatz, Berne.

9 King's Parade, Clifton, Bristol.
20 Rue de la Corraterie, Geneva.



List of Members



HAiMbJj-iv-GR UT, Professor E,

" Harrower, i)r. David
bJ.- , .. Hartley, Mr.
"7/ , Hay, Dr.
"T ■ HixivDft- .
Herbert, Dr.
-, Herx, Dr. .
— Hess, Dr. C (German
HiGGiNS, Mr.
HiGGiNS, Dr.
— HiRSOHBBRO-, Professor
•«i»L— Hodges, Mr.

•HODERATH, Dr. .
Horsey, Mr. A. J.
^ Hubbel, Dr.



+



Sec.)



J.



-^



*»*T^*«-






Isola, Professor .

- Jeffries, Dr.
*• Johnson, Dr.

- Jones, Mr. .

-; Jones, Dr. Eluin W.

■ ^' -Tn T TPT> A/I^

- Kenny, Dr. .
^ Keyser, Dr.

^ KiNGDON, Dr.
^ Kipp, Dr.

JtNAPP, Professor .

^KOLLOCK, Dr.

Kreuzberg, Dr. .
Erpkoff, Dl.



"Lang, Mr. .

lK«'fiEscwNE, Pt-ofessor
-LAQU£UBi,-^rofessor L
-Lawford, Mr.

Xee, Dr.
Ls iH ii OK y -Dr.
LEPEAT-j^r. .

LiPPiNCOTT, Dr. .
Little, Dr. .
LuNDiE, Dr. R. A.



-M'GlLLIVRAY, Dr.

M 'Hardy, Professor
M'Intosh, Mr.
Mackay, Dr. (Convener

Committee) .
M'Keown, Dr. .
M'Keown, Dr. .
MacKinlay, Mr. .



Reception



5 Havnegade, Copenhagen.
Worcester, Massachusetts, U.S.A.
38 Cookridge Street, Leeds.
383 Marlborough Street, Boston.
Truro. -
Philadelphia.

13 Coniscliffe Road, Darlington.

14 Liebigstrasse, Leipzig.

38 Brook Street, London, W.

8 and 9 Wallace Buildings, Cortland, U.S.A.

36 Karlstrasse, Berlin, N.W.

17 Horse Fair Street, Leicester.

Saarbriicken.

Canada.

Buffalo, U.S.A.

Monte-Video.

15 Chestnut St., Beacon Hill, Boston, U.S.A.
170 Broadway, Paterson, U.S.A.

141 Harley Street, London, W.

Lynn, U.S.A.

23 Cavendish Square, London, W.

Melbourne.

Philadelphia.

Nottingham.

534 Broad Street, Newark, U.S.A.

26 West 40th Street, New York.

Corner, Wentworth& Coming St. , Charleston,

U.S.A.
Neuenahr.
Moscow.

4 Rue Volney, Paris.

22 Cavendish Square, London, W.
50 Rue Jean-sans-Peur, Lille.

5 Sandplatz, Strassburg.

55 Queen Anne Street, London, W.

Heidelberg.

73 Rodney Street, Liverpool.

Lifege.

Pittsburg, U.S.A.

21 St. John Street, Manchester.

55a Grange Road, Edinburgh.

13 Airlie Place, Dundee.
5 Savile Row, London, W.
180 Aldersgate, London, E.G.

2 Randolph Place, Edinburgh.
20 College Square East, Belfast.
25 St. John Street, Manchester.
15 Stratford Place, London, W,



vi Eighth International Ophthaliiiological Congress



-K



Maddox, Dr. (Curator of Congress
Museum)
^^a^u^&AT, Dr.
, Maywkg, Dr.
Maxson, Dr.
„ Mecke, Dr. .
^ Meighax, Dr.
— =yVlBNAtJiiD, Dr. ~- .

ifeNDOKA, Dr. .

-— MEYERrD'r. .

Michel, Professor J. .
^ Miller, Dr.
Miller, Dr.
MiLLIKIN, Dr.
Millingen, Dr. van .
Dr. .



Or



■\J^^ Mules, Dr. .
"-"^^ Murphy, Dr. J. A.

*• Napier, Dr.
«- Nelson, Dr.
« Netter, Dr.
ij&r Nettleship, Mr
-M"^ Neve, Dr. .
^J-^ Neville, Dr. Chas
»• NiEDKN, Dr. Ad.
- — NoitsfiNSON, Dr. Erik ,
NoRSA, Dr. .
-^S«YES, Dr. .
- NoYES, Dr. J. F,
NeEL, Professor



Oliver, Dr.
Osborne, Dr.

P*iiAa,JPj:afessor

Parent, Dr. (French Sec. )

Parinaud, Dr.

Paaltynski, Dr. F
. P#«fiJGER, Professor E,

Pooley, Dr.
►Power, Mr. (Vice-President)

Price, Dr. G. H

Pronger, Mr.

Prout, Dr.



^



■^Z



Ramsay, Dr.
-, Rankin, Dr.

Rankin, Dr., Jun
- Reeve, Dr. .
j-^.— Reid, Dr,
-^ Renton, Dr.

R«¥MOND, Professor Carlo

Reynolds, Dr.



20 Alva Street, Edinburgh.

15 Rue Massena, Nice.

S and 10 Friedrichsstrasse, Hagen.

Utica, U.S.A.

Bremen.

1,5 Ehnbank Street, Glasgow.

Barcelona.

Angers.

73 Boulevard Haussmann, Paris.

2 Pleicherring, Wiirzburg.

262 Benefit Street, Providence, U.S.A.

7 Roseneath Terrace, Edinburgh.

27S Prospect Street, Cleveland, U.S.A.

Constantinople.

Paris.

Delamer Road, Bowdon, Cheshire.

Wilkes Barre, Penn., U.S.A.

18 Brandon Place, Glasgow.
29 Wellington Place, Belfast.

315 Garden Street, San Aiitonio, Texas, U. S. A.

5 Wimpole Street, London, W.

Cashmir.

1 Elbana Terrace, Dublin.

10 Augustastrasse, Bochum, Germany.

10 W^asagatan, Stockholm.
56 Via Nazionale, Rome.

233 Madison Avenue, New York.

14 Jackson Street, Providence, U.S.A.

28 Rue Louvrex, Li^ge, Belgium.

1507 Locust Street, Philadelphia.
Hamilton, Canada.

17 Rue du General Foy, Paris.

26 Avenue de I'Op^ra, Paris,

7 Rue de la Pt^piniere, Paris.

14 Sydonienstrasse, Dresden.

12 Taiibenstrasse, Berne.

107 Madison Avenue, New York.

37a Great Cumberland Place, London, W.

NashA^lle, Tennessee, U.S.A.

1 Grosvenor Terrace, Harrogate.

26 Schermerhorn Street, Brooklyn, U.S.A.

32 Woodside Place, Glasgow.
23 Cedar Street, Newark, U.S.A.
Newark, U.S.A.
22 Shuter Street, Toronto, Canada.

11 Elmbank Sti'eet, Glasgow.

1 Woodside Terrace, Glasgow.

1 9 Via S. Dalmazzo, Turin.
Chicago.



List of Members



Vll



vfessrili: ....

^ RiSLEY, Dr. • . . . 1722 Walnut Street, Philadelphia.

RoBERTsox, Dr. Argyll (President) 18 Charlotte Square, Edinburgh.

RocKLiFFE, Dr 17 Charlotte Street, Hull.

- RoosA, Dr 20 East 30th Street, New York.

^ RowAX, Dr 7 Blythswood Square, Glasgow.

- RuTTLE, Dr. .... Myrtle House, Accrington, Lancashire.



-^



. Sameh, Dr

J[ - ^'6andford, Dr.

Sartaix, Dr. Paul
~Sattler, Professor H.

S«k»¥«f«*^'Dr. .
^ Savage, Dr.
"Sc'HiOTZ, Professor
- • Schmidt-Rimpler, Professor

SCHXEIDE.MAN, Dr.

Se«»EiBEB, Dr. . ' .

^ SCHUERMANXS, Dr.

^ De Schweixitz, Dr.
^ Scott, Mr.

,X=5-%Shaw, Dr

/«• Shears, Mr.

- — Sheppard, Mr. .

^ Smith, Dr

^|.,^- -Smith, Mr. Priestley
Smith, Dr. W. Harvey
^ Smith, Dr. Eugene
L^^ Snell, Mr. .
' SxKLLBN, Professor
L—z, Spicer, Mr. Holmes
^'V Stephenson, Mr.
*■ Stevens, Dr.
' Stirling, Dr. J. W.
m. Stolting, Dr.
^ Story, Mr. .
Straub, Dr.

•> SUTPHEN, Dr.

^ SwANZY, Mr. (Vice-President)
<» Sym, Dr. (Convener Entertain-
ments Committee)



jrT* Taylor, Dr. Jas.
f -» Taylor, Dr. John
r* Taylor, Dr.
is=:.TEALE, Mr. .
Tenney, Dr.
•" Theobald, Dr.
*~" T aiBR, ^r. .
•> Thomas, Dr.
- |-3»-Thompson, Mr.
^ Thomson, Dr. J. L.
, Thomson, Dr.



son



Cairo.

13 St. Patrick's Place, Cork.

212 West Logan Square, Philadelphia.

11 Thalstrasse, Leipzig.

51 Rue des Mathurins, Paris.

Nashville, U.S.A.

Christiania.

2 Wiihlersgasse, Guttingen.

Philadelphia.

Magdeburg.

Brussels.

1401 Locust Street, Philadelphia.

Sharia-el-Manakb, Cairo, Egj^pt.

14 College Square East, Belfast.

19 Upper Duke St., Rodney St., Liverpool.

26 Delamere Street, London, W.

Kii'kcaldy.

34 Paradise Street, Birmingham.

Winnipeg, Canada.

Detroit, Michigan, U.S.A.

17 Eyre Street, Sheffield.

Utrecht.

6a Bedford Square, London, W.C.

62 Wellbeck Street, London, W.

33 West 33rd Street, New York.
285 Mountain Street, Montreal.
13 Konigstrasse, Hannover.

6 Merrion Square, Dublin.

Utrecht.

999 Broad Street, Newark, U.S.A.

23 Merrion Square North, Dublin.

50 Queen Street, Edinburgh.

34 Welbeck Street, London, W.

44 Prince of Wales Road, Norwich.

41 So. Franklin Street, Wilkes Barre, U.S.A.

38 Cookridge Street, Leeds.

Boston, U.S.A.

304 W. Monument Street, Baltimore.

Aix-la-Chapelle.

Philadelphia.

24 Windsor Place, Cardiff.
Indianopolis, U.S.A.

1426 Walnut Street, Philadelphia.



viii EigktJi International Ophtkalnw logical Congress




■^



^ Thomson, Dr., Jun.

^ TosswiLL, Mr.

-4fo6H««NIXG, Dl. .-

— Uhthoff, Professor
» Usher, Dr. (Treasurer)



VIaIiAios, Dr.

^ Wadswokth, Dr.

Walker, Mr. Cyril W.
'^Walker, Mr.
^ Walker, Mr. H. Secker
^ Watson, Mr. Spencer
^ Webster, Dr.

WstiKKR, Dr. de .
- Weiss, Dr. .

\¥iCHERKiEwicz, Professor

Williams, Mr. .

Williamson, Mr.

Wilmer, Dr.






■^ Zehender, Professor
ZlEGLER, Dr.



1426 Walnut Street, Philadelphia.
28 West Southernhay, Exeter.
15 Rue de Mezieres, Paris.

Marburg.
Aberdeen.

198 Boulevard St. Germain, Paris.

44 Boulevard de Strasbourg, Toulon.

393 Boylston Street, Boston, U.S.A.
3 Leicester Villas, Bristol.

45 Rodney Street, Liverpool,
44a Park Square, Leeds.

7 Henrietta St. , Cavendish Sq. , London, W.
327 Madison Avenue, New York.

Paris.

18 Graben, Heidelberg.

Posen.

82 Rodney Street, Liverpool.

8 Eldon Square, Newcastle.

1330 New York Avenue, N. W., Washington.

8 Nicolaistrasse, Munich.

1504 Walnut Street, Philadelphia.



CONTENTS



FIRST SITTING,

Election of President, . . .

Election of Vice-Presidents, and Secretaries,
Election of Honorary Presidents, .
Address by the Lord Provost of Edinburgh,
The Lord Provost elected an Honorary Member,



1
6
6
6

8



COMMUNICATIONS.

Subconjunctival Treatment of Operative and Traumatic wounds of the
Cornea and Sclerotic. By Professor Snellen, Utrecht,

Remarks on the Extraction of Cataract, based on the Results of the

Operations of 600 Consecutive Cases. By Dr. Herman Knapp, New

York, .........

Extraction of Senile Cataract, with and without Iridectomy : Five

Years' Hospital Experience. By David Little, M.D., Manchester,
On Puncture of the Sclera as an Adjunct to Iridectomy in the Treatment

of Glaucoma. By Mr. Priestley Smith, Birmingham,
On Perforating Injuries of the Eye by Morsels of Copper, and

Treatment. By Professor Th. Leber, Heidelberg, .
Paralysies Oci;laires Motrices par Pression Laterale du Crane.

Professeiir Panas, Paris, ....

New Operation for Relief of Ptosis. By Dr. Mules, Bowdon,
On the Rapid Healing of Infected Corneal Ulcers. By Dr.

Bowdon, ......

Drainage des Auges. Von Professor Pfluger, Bern,



14



^o





33


on their






40


Par le




.


48




57


Mules,




.


60




63



SECOND SITTING.
remarks prefatory TO demonstrations.

Ueber Retinitis Albuminurica. By Decent Dr. Dimmer, Wien, . . 65

A Contribution to the Anatomy and Physiology of the Iris. By Henry

JuLER, London, ....... 67

Die Histologischen Vorgange bei der Heilung Perforirender Skleralwun-

den. Von Dr. Franke, Hamburg, . . . . . 71



O



X Eightli International Ophthalniological Congress

PAGE

Lantern Demonstration — Alteration in cells of visual centres produced

by exposure of eyes to light. By Dr. Mann, Edinburgh, . . 71

PAPERS.

De la Chorio-Retinite. Par le Docteur Ch. Abadie, Paris, . . 72

On the Changes in the Macula associated with Retinal Inflammation

and Oedema. By Mr. Marcus Gunn, London, ... 77

Recurrent Temporary Visual Obscurations, with Opthalmoscopic appear-
ances observed during the Obscurations. By Dr. Benson, Dublin, . 81

On Retrochoroidal Hccmorrhage after Ocular Operations. By Professor

DuFOUR, Lausanne, . . . . . . .92

Du Traitement de la Diphterie oculaire par I'huile brute de P^trole. Par

le Dr. ViAN, Toulon, ....... 94

Le Mecanisme de I'accommodation. Par M. Tscherning, Paris, . 98

Lid Pressure on the Cornea. By Dr. George J. Bull, Paris, . . 107

Microphtalmie avec kyste Orbitaire. Par le Professor F. de Lapersonne,

Lille, 124

Nevrite opticpie d'origine reflexe amygdalaire. Par le Docteur M.

Menacho, Barcelona, . ... . . . . 127

THIRD SITTING.

REMARKS PREFATORY TO DEMONSTRATIONS.

New Method of Hardening Eye-preparations in Formol. By Professor

Leber, Heidelberg, ....... 132

Experimental investigations on the Staphylococcus ulcer of the Cornea,

and its Therapeutics. By Dr. Ludwig Bach, Wiirzburg, . . 133

Zur Feinen Anatomic u. Pathologic der Ganglienzellen der Retina.

Von Dr. L. Bach, Wiirzburg, ...... 137

Ueber die Natur des Schlemm'schen Kanals und seine Communication

mit der vorderen Augenkammer. By Dr. G. Gutmann, Berlin, . 138

Two Cases of Serous Cyst of the Iris. By Dr. C. F. Clark, Columbus,

Ohio, 141

papers.
On Strabotomy. By Dr. Edmund Landolt, Paris, . . . 147

Valeur Relative du Hg et de TIK dans le traitement de la Syphilis

Oculaire et Cerebrale. By Dr. Chibret, Clermont-Ferrand, . 156

Best Methods of Applying Mercury in Ocular Therapeutics : Inunction,
Hypodermic, Intraocular and Subconjunctival Injections. By Dr.
A. Darier, Paris, ....... 163

Beobachtungen viber Operative Correction der Myopie. Von Dr. Thiek,

Aachen, .......... 173



Contents xi

PACiE

Correction Hochgradiger Myopic Durch Aphakia. Wahl des Operations
Verfahrens, mit Riicksicht auf die Path. -Anatomische Vcninder-
ungen der Chorioidea. Von Dr. Fukala, Pilsen, . . 181

The Formation of a Central Pupil by Excision, in Cases of Occlusion

with Aphakia. By Henry D. Noyes, New York, . . . . 190

Ueber die Feinere Anatomic des Ganglion Ciliare. Von Professor

Michel, Witrzburg, . . . . . . .195

The New or Dioptral System of Measuring and Designating Prisms
employed in Ophthalmic Practice. By Swan M. Burnett, M.D.,
Ph. D., Washington, . . . . . .197

FOURTH SITTING.
remarks prefatory to demonstrations.

Leprous Diseases of the Eye. By Dr. Lyder Borthen, Drontheim, . 201

Case of Lymphoma of Eyelids Cured by the Internal Administration of

Arsenic. By Adolph Bronner, M.D. , .... 202

papers.

Uber Sympatliische EntzUndung in Folge von Sarkom der Chorioidea.

Von Dr. Nieden, in Bochum, . . . . . . 205

The Radical Cure of Strictures of the Lachrymal Duct. By Dr. Samuel

Theobald, Baltimore, ....... 207

Die Heilung der Hydrophthalmia Congenita. Von Dr. B. Stolting,

Hannover, ........ 217

Nouveau Traitement des Granulations Conjonctivales par L'Electrolyse.

Par Dr. J. Malgat, Nice, ...... 228

The Functions of the Oblique Muscles, especially as they are related to

Oblique Astigmatism. By Dr. Savage, Nashville, U.S.A., . . 235

Abnormalities of Ocular Balance. By Dr. Risley, Philadelphia, . 258

Relation of the Function of Accommodation to that of Convergence. By

George T. Stevens, New York, ..... 266

The Artificial Maturation of Immature Senile Cataract by Ti'ituration,

after the method of Forster. By Professor M 'Hardy, London, . 270

Close of the Congress, ....... 276

PAPERS

presented by Members attending the Congress, but not read owing to

WANT op Time.

The Treatment of Recurrent Vascular Ulcers of the Cornea, and Phlyc-
tenular Pannus. By Dr. Angus M'Gillivray, Dundee, . . 281



xii Eighth International Ophthalmological Congress



PAGE



Notes on a case of Implantation of Eyelash in the Anterior Chamber for

Eighteen Months. By Dr. Angus M'Gillivray, Dundee, . 284

Degrees of Astigmatism, however low, when they Annoy should be

corrected. By Julian J. Chisolm, M.D., LL.D., of Baltimoi-e,

U.S.A., . ■ . . . . . . . .285

Paralysie Associee de I'EMvation et de I'Abaissement. Par le Docteur

Sauvineatt, de Paris, ... ... 289

Gu^rison Op^ratoire de I'Ophthalmopl^gie Tab^tique Persistante. Par

le Dr. A. Chevallereau, Paris, ..... 295

Two cases of Spontaneous Recurring Intraocular Hsemorrhages. By Dr.

Johnson Taylor, Norwich, ...... 299

A Problem in Neurology — Peculiar Iris- Reaction with Post-Neuritic

Optic Atrophy. By Dr. George M. Gould, Philadelphia, . . 306

The Treatment of Conical Cornea by Thermo-cautery. By A. Embys-

JoNES, M.D., Manchester, ...... 307

Traitement, par I'Antipyrine, de Certaines Formes d'Atrophie du Nerf

Optique. Par M. E. Valude, Paris, . . . . .311

A New Method of Relieving Tension in Chronic Glaucoma. By George

L. Walker, F.R.C.S., Liverpool, ..... 315

Precede Operatoire Pour le Distichiasis. Par le Dr. Germain d' Alger, . 317

La Conjonctivite Pseudo-Membraneuse et ses Formes Cliniques en

Egypte. Par le Dr. S. Sameh, du Caire, . . . .320

L'Ophtalmometre Javal Employ^ pour I'Exophtalmometrie et I'Ophtal-

mostatometrie. Par le Dr. Albert Antonelli, Prof, agr^ge

d'ophtalmol. a I'Universite de Naples, .... 334

Simple and Combined Sclerotomy. By L. de Wecker, Paris, . . 343

Ueber das Schielen, Insbesondere iiber Kopf und Gesichtsbildung bei

den Jugendlichen Schielenden. A" on Dr. Leopold Weiss, . . 348

The Museum Catalogue. By Dr. Maddox, .... 350



FIRST SITTING.

Tuesday, August 7th, 9 a.m. to 1 p.m.



The Eighth International Ophthalmological Congress
opened its sittings on the morning of Tuesday, 7th August 1894,
in the Physiology Department of Edinburgh University (New
Buildings).

ELECTION OF PRESIDENT.

At the outset of the proceedings, Dr. Gl. A. Berry, Edinburgh,
said, — On behalf of the Provisional Committee appointed at the
last Congress at Heidelberg, I now beg to nominate, as our
President at this Congress, Dr. Argyll Robertson.

Dr. Argyll Robertson thereupon took the chair amid re-
newed applause, and at once proceeded to deliver his Presidential
Address. He said : —

Gentlemen, — Please accept my sincere — my heartfelt thanks
for the very high honour you have been pleased to confer on me
in electing me President of the Eighth International Ophthalmo-
logical Congress. Believe me. Gentlemen, that it is no spirit of
mock-modesty, but my deepest convictions and feelings that
oblige me to confess that I am most unworthy to occupy the high
position in which your kindness has placed me. If, however, a
sincere desire for the progress of Medicine and for the welfare of
our Specialty, with a cordial appreciation of the advances therein
effected by able workers in all parts of the world, constitute a
recommendation for the office, in these respects I think I may
not be found wanting. In any case, it will be my endeavour to
discharge the onerous no less than honourable duties devolving
upon me to the best of my ability, and I shall trust to your kind-
ness and consideration to overlook all imperfections.

Let me first of all, on behalf of the Executive Committee, bid
you heartily welcome to the ancient capital of Scotland.

A



2 Transactions of the Eighth Inte7niational

The Greeks were wont in olden time to term Ephesus the
Eye of Asia, and perhaps in like manner the Modern Athens may
claim to be the Eye of Scotland. This city, as I have no doubt
you are all aware, owes much of its reputation to the picturesque-
ness of its situation and the beauty of its surroundings, but it is
also a city rich in its historical associations, and in particular
interesting to members of our profession as the seat of a University
that has long been famous for the eminence of its Medical School.
This University, within which we are to hold our Meetings, can
boast of many names most illustrious in our profession. As an
example, I may be permitted to recall the names of a few of the
eminent men who in my student days taught (at one time) within
its walls. We had Syme — the shrewd and able practical surgeon,
Simp.son — a genius chiefly known at the present day as the in-
troducer of chloroform, but who had a wide and comprehensive
grasp of many subjects, Goodsir — a philosophic reasoner and most
scientific investigator, who in some points was the forerunner of
Virchow, Bennett — an acute observer, an able debater, and a con-
summate teacher, to whom Edinburgh is mainly indebted for its
existincT methods of Clinical instruction, and Christison — one
who in the domains of Toxicology, Pharmacology, and Therapeutics,
was recognised as one of the greatest authorities of his day.
Any University might well be proud of such a galaxy of talent !
I think I may also say that the present prosperity of the Medical
Department of the University testifies to the efficient manner in
which the successors of my old teachers are doing their work.

The spirit of ^sculapius pervades the precincts of the
University within which we are assembled, and I trust the
same scientific spirit may be observable in our deliberations.

Thirty-seven years, Gentlemen, have now elapsed since the
first International Ophthalmological Congress, and we may plume
ourselves on being among the very first to institute such meetings.
Our example has been followed by workers in other branches of
our profession, but in none, I am sure, has greater success attended
these periodic gatherings. It has only been my good fortune to
be present at three previous meetings, but at all of these excellent
results accrued, not merely in the form of papers and discussions
of great practical value, but also in the interchange of personal
courtesies, in the formation of close friendships, in the privilege of



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