Septimus Sisson.

Illustrated American horse book, containing ... improved modern treatment ... of the various diseases of the horse, also a history of the breeds of horses, and ... of the trotting horses of America ... with instructions for breaking, and systematic training of the ... trotter ... and ... miscellande online

. (page 1 of 37)
Online LibrarySeptimus SissonIllustrated American horse book, containing ... improved modern treatment ... of the various diseases of the horse, also a history of the breeds of horses, and ... of the trotting horses of America ... with instructions for breaking, and systematic training of the ... trotter ... and ... miscellande → online text (page 1 of 37)
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ILLUSTRATED

AMERICAN HORSE BOOK



A PLAIN", PRACTICAL AND IMPROVED MODERN TREATMENT, PROFUSELY ILLUSTRATED
WITH EXPLANATORY ENGRAVINGS, OF THE VARIOUS

DISEASES OF THE HORSE,



A HISTORY OF THE BREEDS OF HORSES, AND THE ORIGIN, DEVELOPMENT AND
REMARKABLE PERFORMANCES OF THE



TROTTING HORSES OF AMERICA,



WITH PORTRAITS OF NOTED TROTTING HORSES.

TOGETHER WITH INSTRUCTIONS FOR BREAKING, AND SYSTEMATIC TRAINING

OF THE YOUNG AS WELL AS THE MATURE TROTTER; THE USE OF

TOE WEIGHTS, BITS AND MANY APPLIANCES FOR MAKING

SLOW HORSES FAST, AND FAST HORSES FASTER;

THE BREAKING OF VICIOUS HORSES; SHOEING TO CORRECT EVILS; AND

A LARGE AMOUNT OF VALUABLE MISCELLANEOUS INFORMATION FOR HORSEMEN,

NEVER BEFORE PUBLISHED.

.0 .



By an Associated Corps of ExPERIE^'CED Writers.

-, ■:>., 1879. ..rj^-^'

LIVE-STOCK PUBLISHING COMPANY,

C. O. MYERS, .M. D. President. E. L. STOWE, Manager.

CnicAco, III. Kansas City, Mo.



Tr






Entered according to an Act of Congress, in the year 1878,

By E. L. STOWE,

In the Ofiicc of the Librarian of Congress at Washington, D. C.

All rights reserved.



PREFACE



The combining the talent of several Veterinary practitioners in different parts of
the United States, noted for their success in treating diseases of domestic animals, as well
as the practical experience of scientific stock-breeders, has not heretofore been done in
booliS; on this subject. But few of the books published were practical, too many were
necessary to obtain a small amount of information, and the heavy expense prevented the
people purchasing. Several gentlemen, largely interested in breeding, and developing the
interest in breeding fine stock in this country, feeling the neces.sity for a comprehensive
work of this kind, whicli should be reasonable in price, organized a Publishing Company
for this purpose.

Directions were given to the Manager to secure the very best Veterinary talent
in this country ; to so illustrate the work by explanatory engravings as to be readily
understood ; to have the causes, symptoms, prescriptions and treatment given in concise
and plain English, that it might become the Farmer's complete Adviser ; that instructions
be given, so that the Breeder might be able to develop his fine stock and realize its value.

How well all these expectations have been realized, will be seen by the following
pages, which combine all these features, in a convenient shape for ready reference in
cases of emergency, from men of practical experience, excelling anything of this kind ever
before published, and to be found in no other work. Theory has been sacrificed where
it clashed with actual tested experience, and preference has been given to those remedies
which are common, often on hand, or easy to procure.

By purchasing, when necessary, the different articles outiight, no royalty is paid
ANY author, which very largely reduces the price, and makes the book the cheapest of
its kind. It combines six books in one, for the price of one, and is a substitute for many.

Professor Going, of the " Spirit of The Times ;" Professor Law, of Cornell Uni-
versity, New York; Professor Colkman, and many others of recognized celebrity, have
placed us under obligations, by the use of either their articles, or by reference to their



iv PREFACE.

contributions on these subjects, in addition to our regular writers. We must not omit
thanking many veteran and practical Breeders who have materially assisted the enter-
prise by articles, information, and advice of known worth. Several Trainers of wide
experience, have aided in preparing the instructions for developing the Trotting Horse.
It would Ije impossible to enumerate all who have aided in its preparation, or to whom
we would like to return thanks.

We confidently invite the inspection of the Stock-raisers of this country to the
within work, as meeting a want long felt for a book of reference which would tell them
just what they want to know, in the shortest possible time, devoid of vague theories
and bewildering technicalities, and at the same time be reliabte.

To protect the people, as well as to protect our reputation, this book will not be
sold by irresponsible, wandering agents, but by men dealing direct with the Company,
who come to us highly recommended, and who will be furnished with proper credentials
for representing ihe Company. We ask the courteous treatment of these representatives
who are introducing the work, for they are men of character. It will not be for sale at
Ijook-stores, for the simple reason that the limited sale, as well as the added profits of
each retail dealer, would increase the price to the people. It can only be obtained of
the canvasser, in his assigned field, and will not be sent by mail or express from the
office. No books will be sold during delivery, the requisite number for each township,
as reported, being shipped, and no more.



CONTENTS,



CHAPTEE I.
DISEASES OF THE BRAIN AND NERVOUS SYSTEM.



PAGE.



STAGGERS— BLIND STAGGERS— MAD STAGGERS.— The different stages— Its worst
stage — What causes it — Symptoms anyone can recognize — To cure from over-eat-
ing of grain or green food — The remedy is always at hand — How often to repeat
the dose — What to do if it does not succeed — Wiien to stop the medicine — To aid
a final cure 26

MEGRIMS — EPILEPSY.— What it is and how the horse acts— When it is violent and

when slight — The only remedy for it — Final end of hor.se 28

TETANUS — LOCK-JAW. — Its origin and plain symptoms — Its effects — A sure test when
not developed — The old barljarous method of treatment — The latest and most sen-
sible mode of cure — How to feed when jaws are set — What not to do 29

PARTIAL PARALYSIS — NERVOUS DEBILITY.— Horses most affected and how —To

tone and build the horse up — Caution and care in driving — How it is disguised... 31

COMPLETE PARALYSIS — SPINAL BIENINGITIS.— Its peculiar character and style

of attack — Fatal symptoms — What home remedies may be used beneficially 32

AMAUROSIS — PARALYSIS OF OFTIC NERVE.— How deceptive to ordinary men —
Blind horses often sold for sound — How little it changes the appearance of the eye
— Unreliable and fallacious tests — A sure test of easy application 33

ILLUSTRATIONS.— A horse affected by staggers— A bad case of lock-jaw —Testing for
jock-jaw — The only way to feed the liorse.

CHAPTEK II.

DISEASES AND INJURIES OF THE EYE.

SPECIFIC OPHTHALMIA- CHRONIC INFLAMMATION OF THE EYES— MOON
BLINDNESS.— Jlistaken notions about this disease— What it really is — How to
tell if a horse is subject to it — How it terminates — Its first symptoms — It treat-



6 TABLE OF CONTENTS.

ment — What to do if a horse is feverish — If in pain — What to avoid doing —
Hoolcs in the eyes — Inhuman acts of ignoramuses and quacks — No penalty too
severe for them

SBIPLE OPHTHALMIA— COMMON INFLAMMATION OF THE EYES.— Its charac-
ter, symptoms and cause — Its easy and certain treatment if commenced in time...

CATARACTS OR SPOTS IN THE EYE.— The different kinds and their size— Their
effects — How to examine for them and to distingui.sh tliem — Peculiarities of the
different kinds — Buying horses mth affected eyes — How to examine intelligently
— Cataracts which are curable — Those which are incurable

ILLUSTRATIONS — First signs of ophthalmia — How it affects the eye — Location of
different cataracts — Partial cataracts — Total cataracts.



CHAPTEE III.
DISEASES AND INJURIES OF MOUTH AND NOSTRILS.

INJURIES TO THE MOUTH.— How caused by irritable drivers— What to do for them

— Simple lotion and simple treatment 43

INJURIES TO THE JAW.— More serious than to mouth— To tell if bone has been
injured — How to lance to prevent abscess — How to remove the dead bone and
how to heal the wound 43

LA]\IPAS. — Mistaken opinions about this trouble — The old and barbarous practice —
How this ruins and spoils the mouth — How simple the treatment if only known
— How to lose money by following old treatment 44

APHTHA — ERUPTION AROUND AND IN MOUTH.— What the disease is — Its easy

cure 45

BAD TEETH— WOLF TEETH.— How uneven teeth injure a horse — Diseases caused

by them — -Foolish ideas about wolf teeth — Explanations of them 45

COMMON COLD. — How it commences — What to do for it — How to steam a horse's
nose — Difference between discharge in common cold and glanders — Home
remedies for it 46

NASAL GLEET. — Its difference from cold — How it differs from glanders — Character of
discharge from nose — What can be done for it — The treatir.cr.t uf obstinate cases

— Remedies and how to use them 48

NASAL POLYPUS. — Peculiarities of this growth — How to remove it — Not dangerous.. 50

ILLUSTRATIONS. — Bad teeth — Use of a nose bag in cold — Swollen gland in cold —
Case of nasal gleet.



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 7

CHAPTER IV.
DISEASES OP THE THROAT.

CHOKING.— High Choke — Position the horse stands in this disease — Wliere the ob-
stacle lies — How to remove by han<l — To make a simple instrument to remove
it — To relieve if caused b_v an egg — An ingenious method — Low Choke — The
symptoms of low choke — The different position the horse stands in low choke —
Simple and safe method of relief 52

BRONCHOCELE OR GOITRE.— Its character as merely a blemish — How to remove it. 54

LARYNGITIS. — How it affects the windpipe — To detect its first stages — Why the horse
becomes a roarer — Serious and slight symptoms — Proper treatment — Instruction
for the use of remedies — When to change them — Special directions for recovery... 55

CHRONIC COUGH. — When the cough is a symptom and when a disease — W^hat causes

and aggravates it — The best remedies and how to use them 56

SORE THROAT. — When local and when a symptom — How it obstructs the drinking —

What to give for it — How to use a gargle — A home-made remedy and a good one.. 58

ROARING. — Its character and causes — Only method of relief for chronic cases — To de-
tect an incipient roarer — The stable test — Its treatment b}' remedies 59

ILLUSTRATIONS. — Position the horse stands in high choke — Home-made instrument
to relieve — Position tqken in low choke — A case of bronchocele

CHAPTER V.
DISEASES OF THE LUNGS AND CHEST.

PNT:UM0NIA — inflammation of the LUNGS.— To distinguish it from pleurisy
and bronchitis — The first symptoms that show — To examine to discover it — The
first thing to do — The second step to take — Cautions about bleeding — To clothe
the horse during this disease — The kind and quantity of remedies to use — Treat-
ment during recovery — How to hasten recovery — Favorable signs — Fatal symp-
tom-s — What the food should be during recovery 60

OVER-DRIVING. — Congestion on the Ro.\d — How it attacks the horse — Its worst
symptoms — What to do immediately — Remedies that are best — Cautions about
about injudicious treatment — Coxgestiox in the St.ible — How it differs — Its
most prominent symptoms — What its treatment should he — What it may termin-
ate in — How to avoid it 03

BRONCHITIS.— Its prevailing causes — Most prominent symptoms — Treatment liy the
most effective remedies — Application of steam — How to vary the remedies — The
appearance of fatal symptoms — Avoid improper treatment and much dosing 66



8 TABLE OF CONTENTS.

PAGE.

PLEURISY. — What disease it may be mistaken for — How to distinguish it from colic —
Symptoms anyone can recognise — A certain test for it — Particular directions for
treating it — The first signs of improvement — Fatal symptoms — Proper remedies
and how to use them — What to avoid" 3«

ILLUSTRATIONS. — First symptoms of inflammation of the lungs — A bad case of this
disease — First signs of overdriving — The first stages of bronchitis — Bad case of
bronchitis — To clothe during this disease — A horse affected with pleurisy.

CHAPTEE VI.
DISEASES AND AFFECTIONS OF STOMACH.

ACUTE GASTRITIS — INFLAMMATION OF THE STOMACH — POISONING.— When
caused by quack condition powders — Drugging a race-horse — How done and how
to relieve — Peculiarity of the symptoms in poisoning — Variation of the symp-
toms — How the poison acts — DilJcrence between man and horse — What to do —
Antidote for poisoning from condition powders — Antidotes for injury from acids —
Antidotes for poisoning from alkalies or lye — The medicine to use when poison is
unknown — How to give medicine quickly in bad case 73

INDIGESTION- CHRONIC INFLAMMATION OF THE STOMACH.— How it shows
itself and its prominent symptoms — Peculiarities of a morbid appetite — The
course to take to treat the disease — To tone up and strengthen the stomach —
Proper food to be given 75

CRIBBING— WIND SUCKING.— What it is and how done— Its causes — Its treatment

— Jockey tricks to conceal it — Exposure of them 77

BOTS. — Developments made by late scientific investigation — Diseases which are often
mistaken for bots — How hots have been killed — Time of year when no bots are in
the stomach of horse — How they propagate — How they attach themselves to the
stomach — Impossibility of medicine to reach their mouths — How long bots live
in turpentine, kerosene, carbolic acid, etc. — The only injury they do 78

SPASM OF DIAPHRAGM — THUMPS.— Acute symptoms during a race— How to save
the horse — Signs of fatal symptoms — Warning to riders — Directions for immedi-
ate treatment — What to give and how to care for the horse — Chronic form of the
disease — What to do for it 79

ILLUSTRATIONS. — Bad case of poisoning — To give medicine in ob.stinate cases quickly.

CHAPTEE VII.

DISEASES OF THE ABDOJIEN AND INTESTINES.

SPASMODIC COLIC— How it affects the intestines — Its first stage of attack — How it
intermits and commences again — Its second stage — The third stage of an attack —
Intense pain and mad plunging — How it differs from flatulent colic — When



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 9

inflammation of the bowels commences — How the pulse changes — Plain direc-
tions for recognizing — Foolish methods of treatment — The proper and successful
method — Its easy application — What to do when tliis cannot be had — When to
use injections — How and when to blister — Sure sign that another disease is
present 82

FLATULENT OE WIND COLIC— Its cause — Symptoms in its <lifiert'nt stages, and
how they differ from spasmodic colic — How anyone can tell the difference — Its
later and fatal symptoms — How to check formation of gas — What to give in addi-
tion — What to use if medicine cannot be had — Exercising the animal — AV^hen
medicines fail, how to relieve by an operation — Where to insert the knife and
tube — A homemade substitute — Treatment during recovery — To prevent another
attack 86

ENTERITIS — INFLAMMATION OF THE INTESTINES.— Its fatal and destroying
character — How long it lasts — The first warning sign — DifTerenee between symp-
toms in colic and this disease — How to avoid mi.staking the disease — Different
tests — An infallible test under any circumstances — First treatment — Active
treatment — Whatnot to give — To physic without medicine — When to blister —
Treatment during recovery — Important directions to be followed 90

ACUTE DYSENTERY. — Its causes, character and symptoms — The active progress of the

disease — What to do for it — Final treatment during recovery 93

DROPSY OF THE ABDOMEN.— Its origin and distinguishing symptoms — A test for it

— General appearance of the horse — The best treatment for it 95

ABDOMINAL INJURIES.— What they are — Signs of a ruptured diaphragm — Test for .

a ruptured spleen or liver — Ruptured stomach — Intro-susception of intestines —

Only treatment 96

WORMS. — How they hurt colts — How they change their growth — Signs of worms —
The kind of worms — What to do for them — To prevent worms — To relieve pos-
terior irritation and rubbing the tail 97

ILLUSTRATIONS. — Section of intestine contracted by colic — First sign of spasmodic
colic — Second stage of spasmodic colic — Third stage of spasmodic colic — How to
blister in severe cases — First symptoms of flatulent colic — A bad case of flatulent
colic — Trochar to relieve colic by puncture — Places to puncture to insert trochar

— Sign of intestinal irritation — Test for inflammation of intestines — A certain test
for inflammation of intestines — How to apply ammoniacal blisters — A horse with
acute dysentery — Sign of abdominal injury — A sure indication of worms.

CHAPTEE VIII.

ACCIDENTS AND DISEASES OF THE LIMBS.

BONE SPAVIN. — Lack of knowledge about it — Explanations anyone can understand —
Humbug recipes exposed — How a spavin commences — Its location and extent —
2



10 TABLE OF CONTENTS.



PAGR.



Different stages of its development — When it disappears — Horses most liable to it
— Causes — Numerous tests to detect it — The trotting test — Difference inaction
between sound limbs and spavined — Wearing of the shoe and hoof — How jockeys
dodge tests — Warming up ahorse to disguise it — Where to stand to examine a
horse — A certain test — How to apply it — Difference in spavins — Successful
method of treating — When to doit — To reduce the inflammation — To remove
the bunch — When not to treat — Firing for spavins — Warnings about spavins —
Important advice 101

OCCULT SPAVIN — ARTICULAR SPAVIN.— How it differs from bone spavin — No
bony enlargement — Mysterious lameness — Ulceration the cause — How people
make mistakes — How to distinguish it at once — Peculiar action of leg — Fitful
character of lameness — Only method of relief — How long it takes — Its results
and benefits 107

BOG SPAVIN. — Peculiarities of this disease — Its location, causes, and changes which

may occur — Treatment by pressure — Medicines to be used — Further directions... 108

SPLINTS. — Different locations — When serious — When it affects knee-joint — When it
irritates the tendons — Often an unsuspected cause of lameness — To detect under
all circumstances and conditions — Several easil}- applied tests — Best treatment —
When to blister 109

RINGBONE. — Its location and extent — How it developes — Size not a sure criterion as
to lameness — When it is most serious and difficult to treat — Tendency to ringbone
often hereditary — Best treatment for early stages — Treatment for old cases Ill

WINDGALLS. — Their location and character — How they may become serious — Chan-
ges which may occur — How a race often affects them — To treat b}' pressure —
Local remedies — Treatment by hypodermic syringe — Happy effects 113

THROUGHPIN. — Its location and different causes — How to treat if complicated with

bog spavin — Which to heal first — How to apply pressure 114

ATROPHY OF SHOULDER — SWEENY.— What it really is — The general cause of it —

How to treat to restore the part IIG

SPRAINS. — Various kinds and their symptoms — Remedies to be applied — To shoe to

relieve a strain — When a blister will aid a cure IIG

CURB. — Its locaticm, character, and causes — To reduce the inflammation — What to do

with a blister — Treatment for young and old horises — Tashoe properly 118

RHEUMATISM. — How it dodges from joint to joint — Acute symptoms — Symptoms in
chronic form — Changes it causes — Internal and external treatment — To treat the
swollen joints — General directions 119

CAPPED KNEE— CAAPED HOCK — CAPPED ELBOW — SHOE BOIL.— Explanation
of their causes — How to reduce them — What to do if callous remains — If an
open sore or boil 121

LYMPHANGITIS— WATER FARCY.— How to distinguish it- Its liability to recur-
rence — Dropsical condition of leg — Its proper treatment 122

KNEE-SPRUNG AND COCKED ANKLES.— Description of these troubles— How to

mitigate them — Dividing the tendons — Firing the joints — More particulars 123



TABLE OF CONTENTS. H

PAGB.

ILLUSTRATIONS. — External appearance of a spavin — Same spavin dissected — Action
of a sound leg contrasted with a spavined leg — Locations and positions to stand
when examining a horse for spavins — To examine and test critically for spavin —
Action of leg in occult spavin — A case of bog spavin — Bandaging for bog spavin —
DifTerent locations of splints — Serious location of splint — Splints dis.sected —
Ringbone affecting two joints — Location of windgalls — Appearance of throughpin
• — Appearance of sprain — How to shoe for sprain — Case of curb — Cases of capped
knee and hock.

CHAPTEE IX.

ACCIDENTS AND DISEASES OF THE FEET.

HOW TO LOCATE LAMENESS.— General examination for it — Rigid examination for
obscure lameness — Critical examination of the foot — How to detect in fore feet

— In hind feet — To examine for shoulder lamene.ss — For lameness in hip joint —
Symptoms of knee joint lameness — Special directions when all inspection fails —
Successful in ninety-nine cases out of one hundred 126

THE STRUCTURE OF A HORSE'S FOOT.— How to care for it — No foot, no horse — Its
internal construction — Coffin bone — Navicular bone — The sensitive frog, etc. —
How it grows — The foot without the hoof — How the hoof is attached — The bot-
tom of the foot — Foot of a five-year-old horse never shod — The chemical construc-
tion of the hoof — Injury by rasping, tarring and burning — Structure and office of
the frog — The best dressing for the hoof — The hot water bath for injured feet 129

ACUTE AND CHRONIC LAMINITIS— FOUNDER.— Its location, character and causes

— How it often changes the foot — Distinction between acute and chronic cases —
Other peculiar causes of it — How to examine and test for it — Importance of in-
stantaneous treatment — The best treatment — Treatment of chronic cases — The
shoeing i34

NAVICULAR DISEASE— CONTRACTED FEET. — Where the real seat of the disease
is — Its worst results — Its main causes — How people make niistakes — Treating the
wrong disease — Symptoms always present — The sure signs — Peculiarity of the
trot — Pointing with the toe — How to commence the treatment — How to modify
it — Special directions for special cases — Cautions and warnings 138

PUMICE FOOT. — Its description — Horses mo.st liable to it — Its causes — What can be
done for it — The mode of shoeing — Hoof compound to use for it — To alter the
character and quality of the hoof.. 143

SAND CRACKS— TOE AND QUARTER CRACKS AND FALSE QUARTER.— What
they are, and their extent — Causes — Proper treatment— Cutting the crack— Re-
moving proud flesh — Firing for it — Best hoof dre.ssing for it — To shoe properly.... 144

CORNS — BRUISE OF THE SOLE.- Causes of these troubles — Old corns and new corns

— Certain evidence of corns — Suppurating corns — To treat the various kinds —
What to do for bruise of sole or pricking the foot 146



12 TABLE OF CONTENTS.



PAGE.



QUITTOR. — Location inside the hoof — Its character and severity — The correct treat-
ment — To cut open the sinus — To probe — To apply remedies 148

THRUSH AND CANKER.— Where they both originate — How they differ— Which is

the worst — The different treatment of each — What is necessary to be successful.... 149

SEEDY TOE — WOUNDS FROM TREAD OR OVER-REACH.— Origin of seedy toe —

Operation for it — Succeeding treatment — Treatment of wounds from over-reach.... 151

OSSIFICATION OF LATERAL CARTILAGES, OR "SIDE BONES."— How to test for

them — Their causes — Their results — Tlieir treatment 152

ILLUSTRATIONS. — Action if lame in fore foot — In hind foot — In shoulder— In hip —
Anatomical section of foot and pastern — Foot divested of hoof — Sole divested of
hoof — Natural foot never shod — Case of laminitis or founder — How it changes
foot — Case of navicular disease — Sure sign of this disease — The trot in navicular



Online LibrarySeptimus SissonIllustrated American horse book, containing ... improved modern treatment ... of the various diseases of the horse, also a history of the breeds of horses, and ... of the trotting horses of America ... with instructions for breaking, and systematic training of the ... trotter ... and ... miscellande → online text (page 1 of 37)