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Seymour D. (Seymour Dwight) Thompson.

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makes all qualified voters qualified jurors, and the legislature
attempts to restrict the qualification to householders or free-
holders.^ By some State constitutions religious or political tests
are forbidden.^ Others provide more generally that " the civil
rights, privileges, or capacities of any citizen, shall in no way be
diminished or enlarged on account of his religious principles," ^
and by others particular disqualifications are provided for.^ The
statutes generally disqualify those convicted of scandalous crime
or guilty of gross immorality.^ Alienage is a ground of dis-
qualification at common law, except in the case of mixed juries,^
already considered ; ^ and many statutes provide that jurors shall
be citizens of the United States,^ •' residents " of the district,^
qualified voters,^** of fair character, approved integrity, sound judg-



may define the mode of ascertain-
ing sucli qualifications. Whitehead v.
Wells, 29 Ark. 99.

1 Maloy V. State, 33 Tex. 599; Wil-
son v. State, 35 Tex. 3(55; Brennan v.
State, 33 Tex. 2G6. But, contra, see
Lester v. State, 2 Tex. App. 432.

2 Const. Tenn. 1870, art. 1, § G;
Const. AV. Va. 1872, art. Ill, § 11.

3 Const. Ala. 1819, art. I, § 4;
Const. Ala. 18G5, art. I, § 4; Const.
Ala. 1875, art. I, § 4; Const. Ark.
1864, art. II, § 4; Cal. Const. 1879,
art. IV, § 9; Const. la. 1857, art. I,
§ 4; Const. la. 1846, art. I, § 4; Const.
Ky. 1799, § 4; Const. Ky. 1850, art.
XIII, § 6; Const. Kans. 1857, art. XV,
Bill of Rights, § 4; Const. Tenn. 1870,
art. I, § 6.

4 Const. Ala. 1819, art. VI, § 5;
Const. Tex. 1876, art. XVI, § 2; Cal.
Const. 1879, art. XX, § 11.

« Code Va. 1873, p. 1059, § 4; R. S.
W. Va. 1879, ch. 109, § 8; R. S. So.
Car. 1873, p. 520, § 9. See, also, R. S.
Wis. 1878, § 2525; Gen. Laws Ore.
1872, Civil Code, § 918; Cal. Code. Civ.



Proc, § 199; Code Ala. 1876, § 4733;
Comp. Laws Utah, 1876, § 1073; R. S.
Tex. 1879, § 3010; Comp. L. Nev. 1873,
§ 1051; G. S. Neb. 1873, p. 642, § 657;
Comp. L. Ariz., ch. 47, § 10; Gen.
Laws Colo. 1877, § 1460; R. C. Miss.
1880, § 1661; R. S. Me. 1871, ch. 106,
§2.

« Post, § 54.

' Ante, § 8; Co. Litt. 156?;; Judson
V. Eslava, Minor (Ala.), 3; State v.
Primrose, 3 Ala. 646; Boyingtou v.
State, 2 Port. (Ala.) 100.

» Cal. Code, Civ. Proc, § 198; R. S.
Wis. 1878, § 2524; Comp. L. Arizona,
ch. 47, § 10; Gen. Laws Colo. 1877,
§ 1460; Gen. Laws New Mexico, 1880,
p. 366; N. Y. Code Rem. Jus., § 1027;
Gen. Laws Ore. 1872, Civil Code,
§ 918; G. S. R. I., p. 36, § 1 ; Comp. L.
Utah, 1876, § 1073.

9 Rev. St. U. S., § 872; construed
in United States v. Nardello, 4 Mackey
(D. C), 503.

^0 R. S. Tex. 1879, art. 310; Miller's
R. C. Iowa, 1880, ch. 10, § 227; Comp.
L. Nev. 1873, § 1051; Code Va.



10



IMPANELING THE JURY



[1 Thomp. Tr.,



ment, well informed and the like ; ^ and neither mentally nor bodily
disabled, 2 and not more than sixty, -^ or seventy,^ years of age.
Freehold,^ household ^ and property^ qualifications are retained in
some States. Educational qualifications are rarely prescribed,^
though in one State inability to read or ivrile is made a ground
of challenge,^ and in others inability to understand the language
in which the proceedings are conducted disqualifies.^^ It should



1873, p. 1058, § 1; Comp. L. Kan.
1870, § 29G4; Bush Diji. Tla., ch.
104, § 1; K. S. DfL 1874, cli. 109,
§ 1; Ark. Dig., 1874, § 3654; Comp. L.
Arizona, cli. 47, § 10; E. S. Wis. 1878,
§2524; Corap. L. Mich. 1871, § 5978;
H. S. La. 187G, § 2125; G. S. Mass.
18C0, cli. 132, § 1; K. S. Me. 1871, cli.
lOG, § 2; Cal. Code Civ. Proc, § 198;
G. S. E. L 1872, p. 430, § 1 ; E. S. So.
Car. 1873, p. 519, §§ 3, G; 2 Eev. Incl.
187G, p. 31.

1 N. y. Code Eem. Jus., § 1027;
Cal. Code Civ. Proc, § 198; E. S. 111.
1880, ell. 78, § 2; Supp. to Ga. Code,
1873, § 654; Bush Dig. Pla., ch. 104,
§ 3; G. S. Ky. 1879, p. 573, § 4; Comp.
L. Mich. 1871, § 5978; Code Ala. 1876,
§ 4733; E. S. Wis. 1878, § 2530; Ark.
Dig. 1874, § 3669; Comp. L. Kan. 1879,
§ 2964; G. S. Neb. 1873, p. 642, § 657;
G. S. E. I. 1872, p. 432, § 14; E. C.
Miss. 1880, § 1681; G. S. Ky. 1879: p.
571, § 2; E. S. So. Car. 1873, p. 519, §§
3, 6; Stat. Tenn. 1871, § 3990. It Avas
held not erroneous to allow a juror to
sit in a case, although " he did not
read the newspapers and could not
tell what age he was," where the
statute required simply that jurors
should lie " solier, intelligent and
judicious persons." Com. v. "\Vinne-
niore, 1 Brewst. 356; s. c. 2 Brewst.
378.

2 N. y. Code Eem. Jus., § 1027; E.
S. 111. 1880, ch. 78, § 2 ; Comp. L. Jlich.
1871, § 5978; Comp. L. Arizona, ch.
47, § 10; Code Ga. 1873, §§ 3930, 3996;



Comp. L. Kan. 1879, § 2964; G. S
Neb. 1873, p. 642, § 657; Comp L.
Utah, 1876, § 1073; Gen. Laws Ore.
1872, Civil Code, § 918; E. S. Tex

1879, art. 3010.

'•^ N. y. Code Eem. Jus., § 1027;
Code Va. 1873, p. 1058, § 1; E. S. W.
Va. 1879, ch. 109, § 1; Code Ga., §§
3930, 3906; Comp. L. Arizona, ch. 47,
§ 10; E.G. Miss. 1880, § 1G61; E. S. 111.

1880, ch. 78, § 2.

* E. S'. Me. 1871, ch. 106, § 2. In
New Jersey, sixty-tive years is the
limit. Eev. N. J. 1877, p. 532, § 6.

fi N. y. Code Eem. Jus., § 1027; B.
S. Tex. 1879, § 3010; Stat. Tenn. 1871,
§ 4002; Gen. Laws New Mexico, 1880,
p. 366; 2 Eev. Ind. 1876, p. 31; Code
Ala. 1876, § 4732. A tenant by the
curtesy initiate is a freeholder. State
i\ Mills, 91 N. C. 581.

c E. 8. Tex. 1879, § 3010; Gen. Laws
New Mexico, 1880, p. 366; Stat. Tenn.
1871, § 4002; G. S. Ky. 1879, p. 571,
§ 2; 2 Eev. Ind. 1876, p. 31; Code Ala.
1876, § 4732.

' N. y. Code Eenie Jus., § 1027;
Comp, Laws Utah, 1876, § 1073,
Comp. L. Kan. 1879, § 2964; Cal. Code
Civ. Proc, § 198; G. S. E. I. 1872, p.
36, § 1; E. S. Del. 1874, ch. 109, § 2;
Code Ga. 1873, § 3907; Battle's Eev.
N. C, p. 194, § 229rt.

** Comp. Laws Utah, 1876, p. 55,

8 Texas Code Grim, Proc, art,
636, sulisec. 14, See Nolen v. State, 9
Tex. App. 419o See;)0*•^ § 56.

J" Cal. Code. Civ. Proc, § 198; R,



Tit. I, Ch. I.] JURIES AND QUALIFICATION OF JURORS.



11



be borne in mind that inability to read and write was no dis-
qimlitication at common law, since in ancient times very few
persons possessed this qualification.^

§ 11. Exemption from Jury Duty. — The right of exemptior.
from jury duty need not l)e much considered; 2 because, unless
the statute creating the exemption is couched in such terms as
to create a disqualification, it will be a personal privilege merely
which may be waived, provided the person is not otherwise sub-
ject to challenge.^ INlany of the statutes enact in terms that
the exemption by thcni created sliall not ))e considered as a
ground of challenge ; ^ and others are framed in such terms as to
carry the same imi)lication.^



S. 111. 1880, ch. 78. § 2; Comp. L. Mich.
1871, § 51178. Scej)os<, § 55.

1 See Com. v. Vv'inueniore, 1 Brewst.
(Pa.) 356,380; s. c. 2 Brewst. (Pa.)
378; White v. State, 52 Miss. 21G, 224;
American Ins. Co. v. Mahone, 56 Miss.
180; Citizens Bank v. Strauss, 26 La.
Ann. 736; State v. Lewis, 28 La. Ann.
84; Campbell v. State, 48 Ga. 353.

2 The subject is discussed in
Thomp, & r,Ier. Jur., §§ 34-40, inclu-
sive.

3 Mulcahy v. Reg., Irish Rep. 1 C.
L. 12 ; s. c. affirmed in L. R. 3 II. L.
306; State v. Forslnier, 43 X. H. 81);
State v^ Wright, 53 Me. 328; Moore v.
Cass, 10 Kan. 288; Davis v. People, 19
111. 74 •, Murphy v. People, 37 111. 447;
Chasr V. People, 40 111. 352; Davidson
V. P^^oj'.e, 90 111. 221; EdAvards v.
Farm, 2 La. Ann. 307; Breeding v.



State, 11 Tex. 257; Greer v. Norvill. 3
Hill (S. C), 262; Booth v. Com., 16
Gratt. (Va.) 519; United States v.
Lee, 4 Mackey (D. C), 489; s. c. 54
Am. Rep. 293.

■» Cal. Penal Code, § 1075; Comp. L.
Ariz., ch. 11, § 321; Stat, at L. Minn.
1S73, p. 1056, § 23S; Bullitt's Ky.
Code (Cr.), p. 42, § 211; R. S. La.
1876, § 2131; Ark. Dig. Stat. 1874, §
1914; Miller R. C. Iowa, 1880, § 2777;
R. S. 111. 1880, ch. 78, § 14; Comp. L.
Nev. 1873, § 1965; Gen. Laws Ore.
1872 (Civil Code), § 186; Laws Utah,
1878 (Code Cr. Proc), § 243.

5 Bush Dig. Fla., ch. 104, §2; R.
S. Del. 1874,, ch. 109 § 1; Supp.to Ga.
Code of 1873, §§ 415, 416, 417. That
it is not a ground of challenge, see
Green v. State, 59 Md. 123; s. c. 43
Am. Rep. 542.



12 IMPANELING THE JURY. [L ThOLUp. Tr.,



CHAPTER II.

OF SELECTING, DRAWING AND SUMMONING THE PANEL; AND
HEREIN OF SPECIAL VENIRES AND TALESMEN.

Section.

13. Selecting the Jury List.

U. [Coiltiuuecl.] In the Federal aud Territorial Courts.

15. Drawing the Panel.

IG. Publication of the Panel.

17. Service of it upon the Accused.

18. [Continued.] Nature and Extent of this Right.

19. Summoning the Jurors.

20. Special Venire in Default of Jurors.

21. Special Venire in Capital Cases.

22. Venire, by whom Executed aud Returned.

23. Of Talesmen.

24. [Continued.] Under what Circumstances Summoned.

25. [Continued.] Contlicting Rulings on this Subject.

26. [Continued.] Further of this Subject.

27. [Continued.] By Whom and How Summoned.

§ 13. Selecting the Jury List. — At common law no such
thing was known as the preparation of a list of persons who were
liable to be summoned to serve as jurors at a succeeding term of
court ; but the uncontroUed discretion was vested in the sheriff,
in tlie coroner, or in officials called elisors, of summoning such
" good and lawful men " as they might choose under the com-
mand of the writ of venire facias.^ This led to enormous abuses,
chiefly in the packing of juries and the blackmailing of citizens ; ^
to remedy which, American statutes have generally provided,
with more or less particularity, for the preparation, a given
time before the commencement of any term of court, or at other
stated periods, of a list of persons, within the county or other
jurisdiction, froni whom jurors are to be summoned. The prep-
aration of this list is generally, though not always,* confided

1 See Thomp. & Mer. Jur., § 44. R. S. La. 1870, § 2127; Rev. N. J. 1877,.

2 Rex V. Whittalcer, Cowp. 752. p. 532, § 7.

3 Code Ala, 187G, §§ 4732, 4733;



Tit. I, Ch. II.] SELECTING, DRAWING, ETC., THE PANEL.



13



to officials other than the sheriff, such as the judges of general
elections, or the county canvassers of the votes polled at general
elections ; ^ the trustees of the township or the councilmeu of
wards ; ^ other town officers; ^ special boards,^ county courts,^ or
jury commissioners." Penalties are frequently imposed upon
the designated officers for the non-performance of this duty,^
though in respect of the manner of performing it the statutes
^re sometimes, though not always,^ regarded as directory.^

§ l-t. [Continued.] In the Federal and Territorial Courts. —

In the Federal courts the practice is now chietly reguhited by a
recent statute,^" which commits this duty to the clerk of the
court, and to a juiy commissioner appointed by the judge, who
shall be a well known member of the principal political party
within the district opposed to that to which the clerk belongs.
Practitioners in those courts should direct their attention to this
statute, at the same time bearing in mind that, under section
800, of the Eevised Statutes of tlie United States, those courts



1 R. C. Iowa 1880, § 234, et seq.

2 K. S. Ohio 1880, § olG4.

3 G. S. Mass. 1860, chap. 132, § 6,
^tseq.; N. Y. Code Rem. Just., § 1035,
etseq.; Comp. L. Kan. 1879, § 2G93; R.
S. Wis. 1878, §'2520: R. S. Mich. 1871,
§ 5977; G. S. Vt. App. 1870, p. 117, §
89; R. S. Me. 1871, ch. lOG, § 1; G. S.
X. H., ch. 194, §§ 1 and 2; G. S. Conn.
1875, ch. X, § 1 ; G. S. R. I. 1872, p.
432, § 14.

■* Gen. Laws Colo. 1877, § 14G2; Cal.
Code Civ. Proc, § 204; Bush Dis.
Fla., ch. 104, § 3; Battle's Rev. X^. C,
p= 194, § 229a; R. S. 111. 1889, ch. 78,
§1; R. S. Wis. 1880, § 1681; Stat.
Minn, at L. 1873, p. 221, § 23, etseq.;
R, C. Miss, 1880, § 1681; G. S. Neb.
1863, p. 042, § 658; Code Ala. 1876, §
4733; Comp. L. Ariz,, ch. 47, § 13;
€omp. L. Nev. 1873, § 1052; 2 Ind.
Rev, 1876, p, 29, § 1 ; Code Ga. 1873, §
.3907; R. S. So. Car. 1873, p. 518, § U



Comp. L. Utah, 1876, p, 55; R, S, La,
1876, § 2127; Gen, Laws Xew Mexico,
1880, ch, 68, § 1 : 1 Bright. Purd. Dig.,
829, § 2,

5 R, C. Del., ch. 109, § 2: Code A"a,
1873, p. 1059, § 3; R, S. Mo, 1879, §
2784; Stat, Tenn, 1871, § 3981; R, S.
W. Va. 1879, ch. 109, § 7; Gen. Laws
Ore. 1872, Civil Code, § 921; R. C.
M<1. 1>!78, art. 62, § 2.

6 G. S. Ky. 1879, p. 573, § 4; R. S.
Tex. 1879, art. 3030,

J Comp, L. Kan. 1879, § 2693.

« Gladden v. State, 13 Fla. 623;
Buhol V. Boudousquie, 8 Mart. (x. s.)
(La.) 425,

9 Forsythe v. State, 6 Oh, 19: Bur-
lingame v. Burliugame, 18 Wis. 285;
Colt V. Eves, 12 Conn. 243; Thomas
V. People, 39 Mich. 309,

1" Act Cong, June 30, 1879; Laws U,
S, 1879 (Sess. I.), chap. 52; 21 U. S,
Stat, at Large, 143,



14 IMPANELING THE JURY [1 Thoilip. Tl'.,

ma}', by rule or order, conform the designation and impaneling^
of jm'ies, in substance, to the hiws and usages relating to jurors
in the State courts.^ In the territories, the selection and sum-
moning of jurors is governed by territorial statutes, ^ or, in the
absence of statutory regulation, by the usages and holdings of
the common law, — in accordance with which an open venire
facias is directed to the marshal, who summons such good and
lawful men as he will."^

§ 15. Drawing the Panel. — From the general list thus
selected of persons eligible or liable to serve as jurors at the suc-
ceeding term of court, the list of names actually to be summoned,
called either the array or the panels is drawn by lot from a box
or wheel, at a time and at a place, either in open court or other-
wise, upon public notice, by the designated official or officials,
and sometimes in the presence of other designated officials, in a
designated manner, — all the conditions and details of the pro-
ceeding being generally prescribed by statute.* Although, as in
the case of the general list,^ penalties are frequently prescribed

1 See Alston v. Manning, Chase's Canter, 1 Pet. 511; Beuuer v. Porter,
Dec. 460. For the mode of selection 9 How. 235; Clinton v. Euglebrecht,
before the passage of the act of 1879, 13 Wall. 434.

see United States v. Collins, 1 Woods ^ Beery v. United States, 2 Colo.

(U. S.), 499, 503; United States v. 186. The acts of Congress which

Tallman, 10 Blatchf. C. C. 21; United regulate the procuring of juries for

States V. Gardner, 1 Woods (U. S.), Federal courts are not applicable to

514, 519; United States v. Wilson, 6 the territories. Clinton v. Engle-

McLean (U. S.), 604; Eich v. Camp- brecht, 13 Wall. (U. S.) 434. See also

bell, 1 Woods (U. S.), 509; United Reynolds v. United States, 98 U. S.

States V. Dow, Taney Dec. 34; United 145, 154; American Ins. Co. u. Canter,

States V. Insurgents, 2 Dall. (U. S.) 1 Pet. (U.S.) 511; Benner u. Porter, 9

335, 341; United States v. Fries, 3 How. (U.S.) 235.

Dall. (U. S.) 515. The Federal courts * See N. Y. Code Rem. Jus., § 1042

have the power," and it is their duty, et seq.; Rev. N. -J. 1877, p. 533, § 13;

to enforce other well founded objec- G. S. Mass. 18(;n, p. G80, § 10 et seq.;

tions than those available in the State Gen. Stat. N. H., chap. 194, § 10; G.

courts. United States ?;. Benson, 31 S. Conn. 1875, tit. 19, chap. 10, § G;

Fed. Rep. 896. G. S. Vt. 1862, chap. 37, §5; R. S.

2 Per Mr. Chief Justice Waite in . Me. 1871, chap. 106, § 9; Gen. Stat.
Reynolds v. United States, 98 U. S. R. I. 1872, p. 432, § 15.

145, 154, citing American Ins. Co. v. ^ Ante, § 13.



Tit. I, Cll. II.] SELECTING, DRAWING, ETC., THE PANEL.



15



for failing to make a drawing,^ 3'et a literal eomplianee with the
terms of the statute is not necessary to the validity of the panel. ^
On the contrary, the statutes are generally regarded as direc-
tory,^ the object being to secure a proper apportionment of jury
duty among those liable to perform such dut\', as well as to se-
cure impartial juries; ^ and the usual presumption of right action
on the part of the otfieiais charged with this duty is generally
sufficient to cure irregularities in its performance,^ though obvi-
ously a general disregard of the essential provisions of the stat-
ute mav have the effect of vitiating the arrav.''



§ IG. Publication of the Panel.— The pane, thus drawn is,
under some statutory regulations, subject to public inspection; ^
under others, any person may have a copy of it by applying to
the clerk or sheriff and pacing the fee allowed by law.^

§ 17. Service of it upon the Accused. — By statute in some
jurisdictions persons held to answer for capital,'' or other serious



1 G. S. Mass. 18G0, chap. 132, § 37;
G. S. Vt., p. 332, § 9; Code Va. 1873,
p. 10C2, § 22; G. S. N. IL, chap. 194, §
17; Bush Dig. Fla., chap. 10-1, § 29; E.
S. W. Va. 1879, chap. 109, § 2(J ; Miller's
R. C. Iowa, 1880, § 243; R. S. Del.
1874, chap. 109, § 23; R. S. Me. 1871,
chap. 106, § IG; Code Ala. 187(5, § 4762.

- See, in addition to the cases pre-
viously cited, Ferris v. People, 35 N.
Y. 125; s. c. 31 How. Pr. (X. Y.) 140;
48 Barb. (N. Y.) 17; 1 Abb. Pr. (n.
s.) 193; State r. Guidry, 28 La. Ann.
630; Pratt v. Grappe, 12 La. 451;
State v. Miller, 20 La. Ann. 579 ; Mapes
V. People, 69 111. 523; Wilhelm' ?;.
People, 72 111. 468; Prieri v. People, 2
Abb. App. Dec. (N. Y.) 230, 231 (fail-
ure to give notice of the drawing) ;
Friend v. Hamill, 34 Md. 298 (infor-
mality in the certificate of the draw-
ing).

3 United States v. Collins, 1 Woods
(Uc S.), 499, 504.



* Rafe r. State, 20 Ga. 64. Cora-
pare State V. Revells, 31 La. Ann. 387.
See, also, State v. Williams, 3 Stew.
(Ala.) 454.

^ Wheeler v. State, 42 Ga. 306;
Brown v. Cora., 73 Pa. St. 322; Pa-
sauka v. Daus, 31 Tex. 72.

« Cox V. People, 19 Hun (N. Y.),
430; s. c. aff'd. 80 X. Y. 500; 19 Hun,
439. See also Jones v. State, 3
Blackf. (Ind.) 37; Campbell v. State,
48 Ga. 353; People v. Labadie (Mich.),
33 N. W. Rep. 806.

' R. S. La. 1876, § 2127. In Nevada
by any officer or attorney of the court,
Conip. L. Xev. 1873, § 1054.

= X. Y. Code Rem. Jus., § 1049.
See, also, Cal. Code Civ. Pro6., § 221;
Comp. L. Mich. 1871, § 5992; Corap.
L. Kan. 1879, § 2978; Comp. L. Ariz.,
chap. 47, § 27.

9 Stat. 7 Will. III., chap. 3, § 7 (trea-
son and misprision of treason) ; Stat.
7 Anne, chap. 21, § 11. See Code Ala,



16



IMPANELING THE JURY



[1 Tbomp. Tr.,



offenses, are entitled to a copy of the panel a designated num-
ber of days before their trial. These statutes vary in their
terms, some providing for the service of the copy of the panel
or array assembled to serve generally for the term, and others
for a copy of the special panel assembled to serve in the partic-
ular case. Some of them provide for the service of the list of
those who have been actually summoned ; ^ others for the serv-
ice of a list of those who have been drawn. Under the former
it is not sufficient to serve a list of those who have been drawn
merely;^ nor under the latter will the statutory right be ac-
corded by the service of a long list of persons, most of whom,
to the knowledge of the officer, have been excused.^ No such
privilege existed at common law; it can only be claimed where
there is a statute granting it, and in cases within such statute.^
The statutes are generally drawn upon the conception of extend-
ing a privilege to the accused, which he may waive by not de-
manding it,^ though the right is a valuable one, of which he can
not be deprived against his consent."^



1876, § 4782; G. S. N. H. 18G7, chap.
243, § 1; R. C. MiSS. 1880, § 3057; R. S.
Ohio, 1880, §§ 7271, 7273.

1 R. S. Mo. 1879, §§ li)00, 1904. See,
also, R. S. Me. 1871, chap. 134, § 14;
R. S. La. 1876, § 992; R. S. 1879, chap.
55, § 1. It is clear that the prisoner
can have no right to a list of the
jurors in an}- other case than that pro-
vided by statute. Reg. v. Dowling, 3
Cox C. C. 509 ; Driskill v. State, 45 Ala.
21. Compare R. S. 111., chap. 38, §
421; R. S. Ohio 1880, § 7273; Rev.
Code Miss. 1880, § 3057; Rev. Stat.
West Va. 1879, chap. 55, § 1; Gen.
Stat. N. H. 1867, ch. 243, § 1; Stat.
Tenn. 1871, §§ 5212, 5251.

- Pasch. Dig. Tex. Stat., art. 3022:
Tex. Code Crim. Proc. art. 611; Mur-
ray ?;. State (Tex.), 3 S. W. Rep. 104.

3 Harrison v. State, 3 Tex. App.
558; Drake v. State, 5 Tex. App. 649.



* State V. Howell, 3 La. Ann. 50, 52.
Compare State v. Guidry, 2S La. Ann.
631.

5 Reg. V. DoTvling, 3 Cox C. C. 509;
Driskill v. State, 45 Ala. 21.

6 State V. Kliuger, 46 Mo. 224, 227;
State V. Fisher, 2 Nott & McCord (S.
C), 261, 264; State v. Cook, 20 La.
Ann. 145; State r. Jackson, 12 La. Ann.
679; State v. Hernandes, 4 La. Ann.
379; Peterson v. State, 45 "Wis. 535;
Craft V. Com., 24 Gratt. (Va.) 602,
609; State v. Waters, 1 Mo. App. 7; s.
c. 62 Mo. 196. For stronger reasons,
by going to trial without objection, he
waives any informality or inaccuracy in
the list known to him to exist. State
V. Shay, 30 La. Aun. 114; Bell r. State,
59 Ala. 55; Pressley v. State, 19 Ga.
192.

^ State V. Buckuer, 25 Mo. 167.



Tit. 1, Ch. 11. J SELECTING, DUAWIXG, ETC., THE PANEL. 17

§ 18. [Continued,] Xature and Extent of this Rigrht. —

From this it follows that the prisoner, on the one hand, can re-
quire nothing more than the statute grants to him. lie cannot,
for instance, rec^uire that the list shall be read to him, if he is
unable to read ; nor that the trial shall be delayed in order that he
may have, for the prescribed period of time, a list of the talesmen
who may have been summoned to supply deficiencies in the reg-
ular panel. ^ He cannot, on the other hand, comi)lain that more
has been dene for him than the statute accords, — as that the list
was served upon him a /o;<ve7' period before the trial than therein
prescribed; ^ or that there is a defect in the regular list of ju-
rors summoned for the term (furnished to him as a matter of
grace, merely), he being entitled onl}' to a list of those summoned
for his trial. ■"* Nor can he insist that all named in the list shall
attend,* nor that talesmen shall not })e called to su])i)ly the
place of absentees; ^ nor, in the ease of uninipoitant errors in the
list, that the trial shall be delayed until he shall have been sup-
plied, for the statutory length of time, with a })erfected list ; ^
nor (in the absence of prejudice), that the Christian names are
not given in full. l)ut only by initials ; ^ nor that the nanie of a
toivihs/tip from which a jurcr is drawn has been abbreviated,
provided it is intelligible; ^ nor that the caption contains uei-



1 Gardeuhirc v. State, 6 Tex. App.
147; Harris v. State, C Tex. App. 1)7;
Johnsou V. State, 4 Tex. App. 208;
Drake v. State, 5 Tex. App. 649 ; Sliarp
V. State, 6 Tex. App. 650; State v.
Buckuer, 25 Mo. 1<;7, 171; Green v.
State, 17 Fla. 669; State v. Price, 3
Mo. App. 586; State v. Keeves, 11 La.
Aim. 685; State v. Bunger, 14 La. .\un.
401; State r. Bennett, 14 La. Ann. 051;
State V. Henry, 15 La. Ann. 297; State
V. Gunter, 30 La. Ann. 539; Colt v.
People, 1 Park. Cr. (X. Y.) R. Oil.
But, see, People v. Coyodo, 40 Cal.
586.

2 State V. Toby, 31 La. Ann. 730.
s Chaney v. State, 31 Ala. 342.

♦ Jackijon v. State, 4 Tex. App.



292, 298; Walki'r r. State, Tex.
App. 576.

5 Stewart v. Stale, 13 Ark. 720, 735;
Bates V. State, 19 Tex, 122; State w-
White, 7 La. Ann. 531 , State v. Ben-
nett, 14 La. Ann. 051;* State v. Ferx'ay,
22 La. Ann, 423

6 Goodhue v. People. 94 111. 37;
States. Turner, 25 La. Ann. 573; Mc-
Carty v. State, 26 Miss. 299; States.
Kane, 32 La. Ann. 999 ; State v. Dubord,
2 La. Ann. 732; Swofford f. State, 3
Tex. App. 76. In Alabama such de-
fects are cured by statute. Hall v.
State, 51 Ala. 9.

' Aikin v. State, 35 Ala. 399 ; Bill v.
State, 29 Ahi. 34.

* State V. Brooks, 30 N. J. L. 356.



18



IMPANELING THE JURY.



[1 Thomp. Tr.»



ther the name of the county, the court, nor the case.^ In
short, technical objections to the caption of the hst are not fa-
vored.^ The sheriff's return on the venire may be amended after
a motion to quash, so as to show a due service of a coj^y of it;
and the record need not affirmatively show the fact, in order to
sustain a conviction on error or appeal.^

i

§ 19. Summoning the Jurors. — Under the common hiw and



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