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Developing. Spreading out. Increasing. Making
greater. Sigma Phi Epsiion fraternity is expanding.

During the fall and winter terms six colonies be-
,ifKa| came Sig Ep chapters. Generations of under-
graduate males at these six campuses now have
the opportunity to join our fraternity.

This academic year several thousand freshmen
and many upperclassmen will be pledged and
initiated as Sig Eps. Next year the 100,000th
college student will enter our 71 -year old brother-
hood. An event celebrated by fewer than ten
national fraternities. Remember that Sig Ep is a
young fraternity. Of the 60 national fraternities
existing today 37 are older than us.

Sigma Phi Epsiion believes in deliberate, well-
planned growth. When one new chapter is char-
tered at one campus our fraternity is then avail-
able to scores of new members. Virtue, diligence,
and brotherly love become central principles for
one more group of men.

.T ^^ •/'

But expansion only begins with the addition of
new members. A close look at the photo on the
left of our brothers from Nebraska reveals skills
to be developed. The Ritual has made them prom-
ises. The undergraduate chapter must fulfill that
promise. Each member's knowledge is to be ex-
panded. His tolerance is to be expanded. His care
for fellow man is to be expanded. His world is
to be expanded. He's an important part of a
growing brotherhood.



Dr. R. Eric Weise
Grand President

Frank J. Ruck, Jr.
Grand Treasurer

William A. MacDonough

John W. Hartman

W. Brooks Reed

James W. Frazier

Jack D. Wheeler

Barry Z. Posner

James E. Butler, Jr.

Carl A. Carr

turn g!!(lMa SFSia lEIPiHIL®'


Vol. 69, No. 3

JOHN ROBSON, Editor Emeritus
DONALD M. JOHNSON, Business Manager


PARENTS: When a Sig Ep is an under-
graduate his JOURNAL Is mailed gen-
erally to his parents' home. If your son
has graduated or moved, please notify
£<I>K Headquarters of his new ad-



A took at student activism



Bin Waller (D-Miss.) at Founders Day


A financial overview of 1970-71


Six colonies become chapters


An outstanding chapter, Relevancy, A dream, and
Bucking the sytem


President of National Sharedata Corporation






The Sigma Phi Epsilon JOURNAL is an educational journal published by Sigma
Phi Epsilon Fraternity. It is published four times a year (fall, winter, spring,
summer) at Sigma Phi Epsilon Headquarters. P. O. Box 1901, 5800 Chamberlayne
Road, Richmond, Virginia 23215. Life subscriptions are $15 (now Included in
initiation fee); annual subscriptions are $1.50; single copies are $.50. Second-
class postage is paid at Richmond, Virginia. Member of the American Alumni
Council. Printed in U.S.A.

Federal Grant to Prove People Care.

A group of 50 University of Detroit
students has received a grant from
the federal government to prove that
people really do care about one an-
other and can help each other merely
by being better listeners. Operating in
a house on the edge of campus since
last spring under the direction of its
own eight-member steering commit-
tee, the group of students answers
its well-publicized phone 12 hours a
day from 3:00 p.m. to 3:00 a.m.,
and keeps the door open at the
drop-in center. It is known as the
"Mandella Center." Phone calls come
from callers looking for someone to
talk to about racial problems, dating,
loneliness, poverty, unemployment,
pollution, personal medical or legal
problems, despair, uncertainty, family
crises, suicide, drugs, or even the bill
at the neighborhood show.

Each volunteer goes through an in-
tensive 40-hour training period. The
training sessions are supervised by a
professional psychologist. The sessions
include speakers from professional
agencies dealing with suicide preven-
tion, drug abuse, family planning, first
aid and crisis intervention.

Joe Kamalay (Sigma Pi), external co-
ordinator, explained it this way." What
we have found is a surprising num-
ber of people who just need some-
one to talk to. That's why the Center
exists. But when you stop and think
about it, that's pretty sad, isn't it? I
mean, we have to provide concerned
people who will take the time and
have patience to listen."

Campus Riots Warning Issued. A re-
port on the campus turmoil of May,
1970 warned that similar widespread
student protests and disruption of edu-
cation could easily occur again.

"The tinder of discontent on the
campus remains dry," said the 177-
page report prepared by two research-
ers for the Carnegie Commission on
Higher Education.

All that is needed to spark new
campus turmoil, the authors main-
tain, is "a calculated governmental
action or, more tragically, an unin-
tended consequence" of such an ac-
tion, such as the shooting deaths of
four Kent State students by National
Guardsmen during an antiwar demon-
stration at the Ohio school on May
4, 1970.


Counsels future teacher

The report said one lesson seems to
be that the public "will tolerate a
large measure of dissent and 'non-
conformism' on the campus, but not
coercive disruption and violence."

The report recommended that col-
lege leaders expand academic offer-
ings and grading options to accom-
modate diverse learning styles, and
reward faculty members primarily for
their teaching skills.

Grades for the Teacher. Honorary
service groups at the University of
Southern California are preparing a
teacher/subject course evaluation
handbook. Students have the chance
to grade the subjects and the teach-
ers. All students will voice their opin-
ion and will receive the guide in the
next semester.

A similar evaluation is made by the
student government association at
Henderson State College. The student
ratings are reviewed in decisions of
promoting, demoting, honoring, and

University of 130,000. The Univer-
sity of Wisconsin and the Wisconsin
State Universities have merged. The
new University of Wisconsin system
will consist of 13 main campuses with
additional two-year and extension
centers that will make the university's
presence felt in 24 cities. The system
will total more than 130,000 students,
the third largest in the nation.

Teacher Job Outlook Not Gloomy.

The public has been given an "overly-
discouraging — and somewhat distorted
— outlook concerning employment in
education," says Forrest Gathercoal,
a man who can see a silver lining in
gloomy national reports on over-sup-
ply of teachers.

Gathercoal, a Sig Ep, heads up job
placement for OSU education gradu-
ates and he refuses to adopt a doom-
and-despair outlook. He frankly is op-
timistic, though realistic also. The
demand for teachers appears to be
leveling off after a big drop in hiring
two years ago and a smaller one in

"The major reason for the cut-back
in the number of teaching vacancies
the past two years has been the elimi-
nation of teaching positions by school
districts with money problems."



Kansas State Teachers Co//ege

Fighting Apathy. The Iowa State
IFC, working with its two graduate
assistants, held a two-day leadership
workshop for member Greeks in an
effort to stimulate some new direc-
tions for fraternities there and fend
off apathy among younger men.

A questionnaire was distributed to all
fraternities asking for each house's
assessment of their most serious prob-
lems. Lack of leadership and member
apathy were sighted as the major ills
of the system.

The executive directors of si.\ na-
tional fraternities served as group
leaders and resource people for the
workshop. Topics such as types of
leadership, arriving at decisions, and
creativity were dealt with. Si.\ houses
with particular problems were selected

to meet for intensive sessions with the

Co-op Saves Money. To reinstill a
spirit of competition in local mer-
chants, the IFC has organized several
co-op programs at the University of Il-
linois. Through the co-op, fraternities
on campus get reduced prices on meats,
dairy products, canned goods, sport-
ing equipment, and also on various
services such as pest control. The pro-
gram has been successful in the first
months, and is saving up to $200 a
month for some houses.

Less Rules; More Interest. University
of Georgia IPC's new rush plan
worked well. The plan called for the
usual rush sign-up, with visits to all
fraternity houses by rushees. How-
ever, rushees could pledge anytime
during rush. Smaller fraternities on

campus had for several years pushed
for elimination of formal rush or a
more equitable rush system. The new
plan was more equitable, with the
largest pledge class numbering 26 and
the smallest 10. For the first time at
Georgia, the deferred rush concept
was scrapped and first quarter fresh-
men could pledge. Many did so, and
the IFC plans to continue the same
type of rush.

Fraternities Can Cooperate. Virginia
Tech Sig Eps have been successful in
bettering interfraternity relations
through hosting combos with other
fraternities and sororities. In the fall,
a joint combo with Kappa Sigma was
held. Winter joint combos were with
Delta Gamma and Delta Zeta. SPE
and Kappa Sig pledges also cooper-
ated in a community service project
by door-to-door collecting of canned
goods for the needy.

The IFC at Sacramento State College
is strong, active, and is taking the
progressive attitude that Greeks
should work together. The attitude
has promoted a strong comeback for
Greeks on the campus. In the fall, the
IFC took up the reins for the school
in planning and organizing Home-
coming. On tap in the spring are rock
concerts, all-college dances and mix-
ers, and the now-famous Greek Week.

Modernizing IFC. Robert Dempster,
past president of Arkansas Beta, is the
71-72 president of Henderson State
College Interfraternity Council. Under
his administration, the IFC is rede-
fining rush, abolishing fraternities'
Hell Weeks on campus, and remodel-
ing the IFC house.

Just What Is The NIC? The National
Interfraternity Conference, Inc., is a
membership organization, the mem-
bers of which are individual national
and international fraternities. The pur-
pose of the NIC is ". . . to promote
the well-being of its member fraterni-
ties by providing such services to
them as the House of Delegates may
determine, these services to include,
but not to be limited to, promotion
of cooperative action in dealing with
fraternity matters of mutual concern,
research in areas of fraternity opera-
tions and procedures, fact-finding and
data gathering, and the dissemination
of such data to member fraterni-
ties. . . ."

Spring, 1972


by Donald M. Johnson

Basis for Growth. Sigma Phi Epsilon received its im-
petus for greatest growth when the delegates at the 20th
Grand Chapter (1947; Kansas City) unanimously en-
dorsed the expansion policy of the 19th Grand Chapter
(1940; Los Angeles). That policy recognized the need for
selective growth, that quality and quantity were not
mutually exclusive. Following the periods of little growth
in the 1930"s and negative growth during World War II.
the way was paved for the modern era of the Fraternity's
expansion. The results were dramatic: from 76 under-
graduate chapters in 1947, the Fraternity has grown to
184 chapters and 13 colonies.

Too Big? Not according to the Long-Range Planning
Committee Report published in 1964 under the direction
of Past Grand President C. Maynard Turner. That com-
mittee determined the Fraternity's growth rate was 2.6 net
chapters per year from 1901 to 1964. That growth com-
pared closely with the 1940 Expansion Committee Report
which cited a rate of 2.4 net chapters added per year

All national fraternities have expanded greatly at various
times in their history. Tau Kappa Epsilon, with over 300
chapters, has been the most expansion-minded, having
added nearly 100 chapters in the last seven years. By con-
trast. Sigma Phi Epsilon's greatest growth was 1950-1960
when 51 chapters were installed. During recent years, how-
ever, many of the national fraternities considered as our
major competitors have demonstrated a greater growth
rate than our Fraternity.

Why Grow? Our late beloved Founder, W. Hugh Car-
ter, often expressed pleasure at the growth of Sigma Phi
Epsilon, that it had surpassed what he and the other
Founders ever believed possible. In favoring expansion,
he said, "Sigma Phi Epsilon's principles of Virtue, Dili-
gence, and Brotherly Love are so needed in the world to-
day, and I believe we should carry that message to others,
not restrict those ideals to ourselves."

You Can Help. Headquarters receives colonization re-
quests from local fraternities, college or university officials,
undergraduate and alumni Sig Eps, and undergraduate
chapters anxious to see a chapter-to-be at a nearby institu-
tion. For example, two of the recently new chapters,
CIcmson University and Texas Tech University, resulted
from Sig Ep's being invited by the administration of those
fine institutions.

Sigma Phi Epsilon now has more than 96.000 initiates,
so it's not surprising that there are many who are interested
in helping their Fraternity grow. Undergraduates and
alumni are both vital to the colonization process. The
undergraduates often administer or manage the operational
programs for the colony. Alumni arc vital, too, as the
colony cannot exist without the guidance, experience, and
continuity provided by the local alumni.

You are invited to participate in the growth of Sigma
Phi Epsilon. You can recommend good colonization op-
portunities and offer to help in the Fraternity's colonization
program . . . merely write to the E.xecutive Director.

(FORUM, Continued from page 14)

which is currently being played in Florida and Ohio, but
it actually originated here, thanks partially to The Flying
Gambini Brothers and Hopie's white Opel, the car which
hung around so much that we decided to make it the
house car, which Hopie accepted rather painfully. And,
speaking of transportation, there was the always reliable
railroad that pulled in at every active meeting, until some-
body suggested that due to international developments,
we boycott our own houseparty in protest of the beef
tongue served for dinner the previous week, for which
the caterer paid very dearly. But, to make a long story
short, Barry came up for Houseparty Weekend and then
we all trucked down to the shore and back just in time
for Brother Spill's wedding. The next thing I knew it was
the present and we had a trophy. Mudhead had ten pup-
pies, and I was sitting in the showplace of America with
Delts and Tambo, who along with the room, had been
slightly refurbished.

So what happened that made it happen? The above
words are no more than words and can say no more than
the seventy-plus pictures which silently peer out of a com-
posite. We are a group with diversified interests, life
styles and goals. Fortunately, we have been able to add to
the house a pledge class which in a desire for the house
we know will perpetuate our experience. A guest at one
of our house functions once claimed that it was the re-
sponsibility of the fraternity to impress its guests into
liking the fraternity later on. Maybe that's the whole
year in a nutshell. We did not have to impress anyone
with our fraternity. We were free to be ourselves, and
we were free to enjoy the experience born out of being a
brotherhood that was not governed by the social pres-
sures which too often dictated the life styles of the other
organizations on campus. Yet, this was not through an
act of isolation from our institution, for SPE's are present
in many activities on campus. It was, however, due largely
to the contributions of Brother Fisher, who livened many
a dinner party, and to Niles, who saved us all from the
Pressure Cooker ... I might happily add, in conclusion,
that Big T is alive and well on the first floor and that Pre-
historic Dog was kind enough to return for another


expanding activism:





hy A^nthany ]\eville

Those who established the public's image of the col-
lege student in the late 1960's were the radical ac-
tivists: the leaders of sit-ins, the throwers of bombs, the
prophets of revolution. Those who will establish the col-
legiate image for the 1970's may well be a different breed:
students who are giving generously of their time outside
the classroom to volunteer activities in their community.

No less the activists, no less bizarre in dress, and no
less convinced that America is a "sick" society, these stu-
dents differ from the radical activists of the Sixties in one
important way: they are working, right now, to change
that society in constructive ways. They are satisfied to
make progress by small steps — by teaching a ghetto child
how to read, by encouraging a drop-out to return to school,
by warming the atmosphere in a hospital ward.

An estimated 400,000 college students give an average
of two to four hours a week (but sometimes as many as
20 or 30 hours) to volunteer activities in their communi-
ties. Though a small fraction of the seven million stu-
dents in American colleges and universities, they are a
minority sizeable enough to set the pace for this gen-
eration of students. Some small colleges report that 75
percent of their students participate in volunteer pro-
grams. Budgets for student-run volunteer activities range
from shoestring levels to $75,000 a year.

A recent survey by the National Student Volunteer
Program (NSVP), the small federal program of action
that technically assists campus programs, charts the fan-
tastic rise in student volunteer activities. A decade ago,
only a handful of colleges and universities had student

Spring, 1972

volunteer programs, but a recent survey revealed that
today, out of 2314 institutions queried, 1675 have some
form of student-operated volunteer activities.

The growth of student volunteer programs has led to
another development: the emergence of a new kind of
professional on the college administrative staff, an ad-
ministrator whose primary duty is to give continuity and
guidance to the student programs. In 1969, when NSVP
came into existence — and when its communications net-
work was admittedly incomplete — the federal program
could identify 15 people carrying that responsibility. To-
day there are about 600, and nearly a quarter of them
work at that job full time.

The bulk of student projects are in the area of tutor-
ing, most often with poor and disadvantaged chil-
dren. But under colorful acronyms like EPIC, SCRUB,
CAVE, and CACTUS, leaders of student programs have
been branching out, extending their reach, and attracting
to volunteer service students who have no interest in

Business students from a state university in the Mid-
west are advising Mexican-Americans in their community
on income tax matters. So overwhelming has been the
response that people are being scheduled a month in
advance for twenty-minute interviews.

In California, students from a state college are brighten-
ing the lives of elderly, mentally retarded patients with
activities ranging from arts and crafts to square dancing.

In another California community, psychology majors
are manning the telephones of a "crisis center" from 4
p.m. til midnight on weekdays, and til 4 a.m. on week-
ends. Faculty members advise them on how to handle the
often desperate problems of callers.

Four fraternities in a private Southern university each
undertook to establish a park in a different section of their
city. They solicited contributions of land, money, and
play equipment. When the four parks were finished, the
fraternity brothers continued their involvement as recrea-
tion leaders.

In Florida, students from a predominantly black col-
lege have opened their second house to provide overnight
sanctuary for drug addicts. The students dispense no drugs
or medical treatment, but "rap" with the addicts to calm
them down or relieve their depression.

Tutoring has become more varied also. "Today not all
the tutoring is with kids in school," says Jeanne Carney,
the attractive young acting directer of NSVP. "Students
are tutoring in prisons, in mental hospitals, in adult edu-
cation classes, in storefronts — there are many different
areas of involvement."

Ordinarily these projects are suspended during sum-
mertime, often with unfortunate consequences. As
John Hubbs, director of volunteer programs at the Univer-
sity of Missouri, remarks: "One of the greatest needs is
continuity. When a relationship is broken for three
months, sometimes things don't fall back into place. Old
problems recur and new ones develop." Or, as Rick
Moran of Eastern Michigan University puts the problem:

"You can't have nine to five hours, or close up for vaca-
tion. People's difficulties don't have any pre-ordained

On scores of campuses, volunteer programs ran at full
tilt during the summer of 1971. In many instances there
were imaginative departures appropriate to the season.

A troupe of collegiate thespians performed a repertoire
of six short plays, all based on West Virignia folklore, in
dozens of rural communities of that state.

In one of 18 fix-it projects, students from a state univer-
sity in the South transformed a dilapidated house into a
half-way house for the mentally ill.

In upstate New York, students set up a day care cen-
ter for children of migrant workers picking cherries.

Student-run volunteer programs are not always suc-
cessful. James Tanck, former director of NSVP, recalls
instances of student groups who spurned help from their
university and refused to work with established agencies
(because they regarded both institutions as hopelessly
corrupt), who instead set up storefront operations of their
own. Inevitably these projects promised more than they
could deliver to the community. Sustained by the zeal
of one or two students, the projects fell apart when their
leaders left school.

Students have also faced frustration when established

^'. . . an effort to achieve
neiv forms of intimacy,
awareness, and

agencies have assumed that they are there to do what
volunteers have always done — typing, filing, bookkeeping,
anything to relieve the agency professionals of the drudgery
that keeps them from direct contact with their clientele.
The students, of course, want direct contact with the
clientele too. (This same frustration has greeted students
who have volunteered to help political candidates. The
students find themselves stuffing envelopes rather than
persuading voters.)

Agencies often are reluctant to hand responsibilities to
college students. But occasionally the students win their
confidence. Mrs. Carney recalls the students in a Mid-
western city, who. after nearly a year of demonstrating
great competence in working with mental patients, finally
persuaded the hospital administrators to allow them to
take patients off their ward. That had never been done
before in that institution.

Poor communities are sometimes suspicious of students'
motives. The university representatives that ghetto resi-
dents have known in the past have been sociologists ask-
ing questions and conducting surveys and doing nothing
directly to aid their community. In Appalachia, residents
are suspicious of any outsider — particularly if his dress
and coiffure are unconventional.

Students drop out of volunteer programs for a variety
of reasons. Some are unable to withstand the "cul-
tural shock" that the ghetto neighborhood presents. Rich-
ard E. Dewey, director of the Center for the Study of


Voluntarism at the University of Maryland, points out
that student volunteers are mostly drawn from the same
class that VISTA recruits and other postgraduate volun-
teers are drawn from: namely, the economically comfort-

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