Sih-Gung Cheng.

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in the British Concession at Shameen at Canton. She
renounces in favour of the French and Chinese Governments
conjointly the property of the German school situated in
the French Concession at Shanghai.



Section VHI. Shantung

Art. 156. Germany renounces, in favour of Japan, all
her rights, title, and privileges — particularly those con-
cerning the territory of Kiaochow, railways, mines, and
submarine cables — which she acquired in virtue of the
Treaty concluded by her with China on March 6, 1898,
and of all other arrangements relative to the Province of
Shantung.



Appendix IX 361

All German rights in the Tsingtao-Tsinanfu Railway,
including its branch lines, together with its subsidiary
property of all kinds, stations, shops, fixed and rolling stock,
mines, plant and material for the exploitation of the mines,
are and remain acquired by Japan, together with all rights
and privileges attaching thereto.

The German State submarine cables from Tsingtao to
Shanghai and from Tsingtao to Chefoo, with all the rights,
privileges, and properties attaching thereto, are similarly
acquired by Japan free and clear of all charges and encum
brances.

Art. 157. The movable and immovable property owned
by the German State in the territory of Kiaochow as well
as all the rights which Germany might claim in consequence
of the works or improvements made or of the expenses
incurred by her directly or indirectly in connexion with this
territory, are and remain acquired by Japan, free and clear
of all charges and encumbrances.

Art. 1 58. Germany shall hand over to Japan within three
months from the coming into force of the present Treaty,
the archives, registers, plans, title-deeds, and documents of
every kind, wherever they may be, relating to the administra-
tion, whether civil, military, financial, judicial, or other, of
the territory of Kiaochow.

Within the same period Germany shall give particulars
to Japan of all treaties, arrangements, or agreements relating
to the rights, title or privileges referred to in the two
preceding articles.



RAILWAYS OF CHINA



Railways open to trafTic
Rafways under construction
Railways- loans arrangad
Proposed railways



..^f^







frsinq-lzo



^.^V^T^



^- Su-chnva.
Chens-tuc 63, 67.
Fengtien, province of, ^;2-^; loan,

285.
Feudalism, 122.
Finance, 313-15.

and parliament, 80, 104, 106,227,
301.

and the war, 263, 265-6.

Japanese control of, 308,313-15.

ministry of, 65, 75, 79-81, 87,
222.

national, 42, 80, 129-30.

provincial, 299.

railway, 86.
Fines, 186.
Fisheries, 84.
Fiume, 253.

Fleet, Chinese, 156-7, 309.
Foochou, arsenal at, 154.
Foreign affairs, 53, 106, 128;



department of, 75-6; minister
of, 205.
Foreign capital, see under Econo-
mic concessions.
Foreign competition, 203.
Foreign consuls, 204.
Foreign investments, see under

Economic Concessions.
Foreign relations and treaties with
foreign powers, 147-77, 3°5~'S'
attitude of China towards

foreigners, 305-6.
attitude of foreigners towards

China, 306.
diplomatic missions to China,

148, 154. _
diplomatic missions from China,

154, 158, 159. 165.

historical, 147-8, 160, 176-7.

military or naval expeditions
against China, 149-51, 154-6,
160-1, 163-5, 174-5;

relative positions of different
States in the Far East, 306-15.

treaties: (1550) 148; (1689)
148,152,178; (1727)148,178;
(1768) 178; (1842) 149-50,
i59> 1955204; (1844)150,152-
3, 179,181 ; (1847) 150 ;(i 851)
152; (1858) 150-2, 160, 191,
195-7; (1860)153,162; (1874)
154; (1876) 154; (1879) 159;
(1885)155; (1889)204; (1894)
155; (1895) 157; (1896) 158-
9; ("897) 159; (1898) 161-2,
251,254; (1899) 162-3; (1901)
165; (1902) 187, 204, 231;
(1902-3) 199; (1904) 174-5;
(1905) 169; (1906) 204-5;
(1907)200; (1908) 175 ; (1912)
175-6; (1915) 176, 205, 251,
281-2,287,311; other treaties,
165-6-7, 169-72-3, 174, 177,
187, 246-50, 287-9. ^^^ ^^^'^
under specific governments.
Foreign trade, 185.
Foreigners, see under Aliens.



Index



371



Forestry, 84.
Formosa, 154, 157.
France, 12, 20, 48, 96, 136.

and China, 150-2, 161-2, 164-5,

167, 179-80,186,202-3,305-6;

loans, 211-12, 214, 218, 220-2 ;

treaties, 150-2, 154-5, 160.

and Japan, 158, 171, 278, 280,

310-15, 343-6.
and Kiaochow, 253.
and Russia, 54, 167.
Chinese labour in, 268-78.
Yunnan Railway concession,
210-11.
Franchise, 50.
Freedom, individual, 11.
French Constitution, 52, 53, 54,
57,60,64,73,90, 105, 107, 115.
French Revolution, 27, 47.
Fukien, province of, 136, 199, 279-
80, 309 ; and China, 340-1 ;
and Japan, 295, 312, 340-1.
Fushan, 209.

Gas, 209.

General Head-quarters, 61.

General Staff, 61, 87.

Gentry, 8-10, 125, 134-5, 13^^ i44-

German Catholic missions, 160.

German Empire, unity of, 44.

German minister, murder of, 163.

German property seized by China,

260.
Germany :

and America, 164, 257.
and China, 25, 161-2, 164-6,
256-60, 312; ambitions, 160-
I ; coal-mining, 210; con-
cessions, 235-56, 341-8; de-
claration of war, 55, 260 ;
loans, 21 1-12, 214,219-20, 222,
226 ; clauses of peace treaty,
358-61.
and Great Britain, 166.
and Japan, 158,235-56,262,281.
and Kiaochow, 210, 235-56, 262.
and Russia, 158, 161.

Bb



Germany {con.)—

and Shantung, 341-8.

federalism in, 127.
Gibbon, Decline and Fall of the

Roman Empire, 147.
Gold, 80, 332-3.
Gold loan, 216.
Goodnow, Professor, 24.
Government :

banks, 79.

by intellect, 101.

central, i-ii, 44-5, 67, 74, 78-
80, 91, 122, 124-32, 137, 139-
40 ; see also below under pro-
vincial.

monarchical, 24.

monopoly, 79.

officials, 1 14.

provincial, 7-10, 44-5, 51-2, 74,
80, 121-46; centralization of
power, 122 et seq., 128, 130-3 ;
difficulties, 123 et seq. ; cen-
tralized control of army and
navy, 130-2,299; viceroy (pro-
vincial governor), 51-2, 59, 61,
83>. 123-5, 136-41, 299; devo-
lution of powers by central
government, 125-9, '35? 299,
303 ; federalism, 91, 94, 126-S,
139; finance, 129-30.

of provincial subdivisions : per-
sonnel, 136-7 [see also under
specific officials) ; prefecture,
137-8, 144-6; circuits, 137-8,
144-6, 204 ; changes of govern-
ment, 138-46; gentry, 138, 144;
provincial assembly, 139-44.

representative, 302-5.

republican, 16-20, 24, 304.

service, 74-5, 128, 300-1.

subsidies, 84.

See also under Constitution.
Governor, civil, 45, 139-41, 143-6.

military, 45, 56, 61, 82, 139. .

provincial (viceroy), 51-2, 59,
61, 83, 123-5, 136-41, 299-
Grain tributes, 1 10.



372



Index



Grant, President, 53.

Great Britain, 60, 73-5, 115.
and China, 148-52, 154-5, 161-
6, 175, 179-81, 185-7, 190,
195-6, 199, 202, 204, 206, 305-
6, 310-15 ; investments, 231-
2; loans, 211-12, 214, 216,
218-23,225-6; treaties, 150-2,

154-5; 159-
and Chinese labour, 267-78.
and Germany, 166.
and Japan, 166-8, 170, 253-4,

278-80, 310-15.
and Shantung, 341-3.
and Tibet, 174-5.
Chinese loans to, 211 -12.
Greece, 136.
Grevy, M., 47.

Guild, government bv, 8-10. 117-
18.

Hainan, gulf of, 29.

Haingya Co. loan, 285-6.

Haiphon, 211.

Hall, A Foreign Jurisdiction, 184.

Han dynasty, 5, 147.

Hangchow, 30; see also Shanghai.

Hankow, 15, 191, 260, 285; see also
Canton and Peking.

Hanyang, 15, 17.

Hanyang Arsenal, 14.

Han Yang Steel and Iron Works,
283.

Hanyehping Iron and Steel Co.,
282-5, 339-40-

Harbin, 161, 174, 287.

Hart, Sir Robert, 77, 204-5.

Heaven-worship, 32.

Heilungkiang, province of, 136.

Historiographical department, 88.

Holy Roman Empire, 41.

Homogeneity of population, 100.

Homicide, 1 18.

Honan, province of, 15, 136, 224,
229; Kai-feugfu-Honan rail-
way, 212.

Hong Kong, 149, 152, 199, 219,266.



Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking
Corporation, 219, 232.

Honours List, 74.

Hoo Chi-tsai, Les Bases conven-
tionnelles des Relations modernes
entre la Chine ct la Russie, 153.

Hsin Chiu, 209.

Hsin-kimtun-Mukden railway loan,

Hsiung Hsi-ling, 126, 13 1-2.
Hsu Shih-chang, President, 38.
Hsiian T'ung, boy-Emperor, 17.
Hsuchow railways, 249, 252, 311,

348-52- .
Hukwang railways, 225-6 ; loans,

216, 219.
Hunan, province of, 38, 136, 217.
Hunchun, river, 153.
Hupeh, province of, 14, 38, 136,

215,217.

Hi, 152-3.

Immigration, 202.
Impeachment, 106, 107-8.
Imperial Household, department

Imperial Railways of North China
loan, 212, 218, 223.

Iinports, see under Tariff.

Imprisonment, 186.

India, 122, 166, 170, 236. -

Indian opium, 175, 190; see also
tinder Opium.

Individual freedom, 11.

Individualism, 70.

Indo-China, 171, 210-11.

Industrial Development in Man-
churia loan, 216, 219-20.

Industry, 78, 128, 140. '

Inland dues, 191, 205.

Insurance, 84, 232.

Intendant (Taotai), 137, 144.

Interior, ministry of, 75, 77-79,
84, III.

International Law, 55.

International Settlement, 249,
252.



Index



373



Investments, foreign, see under

Economic Concessions.
Iron, 250, 264, 283-4, 332-3.
Irrigation, 84.
Ishii, Viscount, 294.
Italy, 96, 105, 116.

and Fiume, 253.

and Japan (Shantung), 347-8.
Ito, Marquis, of Japan, 123, 157.

Jamaica, 277.

Japan, 13, 60, 69, 117, 123, 158,
163, 228, 265.

aggression of, 295-8, 305-15.

ascendancy of, in the Far East,
278-89.

and America, 172-3, 278, 280,
290-1, 293-8,310-15.

and Canton, 296.

concessions to, 173, 209-10.

and China, 163-7, ' 69-70, 173-
4, 186-7, 199, 202, 205, 257,
290, 305-15; investments,
230-1 ; loans, 109-10,211,214,
220, 230, 285-6 ; railway con-
tracts, 249-50, 252, 348 ; trea-
ties, 55, 157, 169,246-50,322-
41 ; war, 81, 155-7.

and Eastern Mongolia, 281-2,
287, 307-9. 312.

and France, 158, 171, 278, 280,

3IO-I5). 343-6-

and Fukien, 295, 312, 340-1.

and Germany, 158, 235-56, 262,
281.

and Great Britain, 166-8, 170,
253-45.278-80, 310-15.

and Kiaochow, 235-56, 262,
290-1, 360-1.

and Korea, 307.

and Manchuria, see under Man-
churia atid Manchuria, South.

and Mongolia, 55, 295, 354-8.

and Russia, 13, 158, 167-9, ^7^5
173-4,278,280,290,306, 343-4,

346-7-
and Shantung, 236, 245, 250-2,



254, 281, 286-7, 295, 312;

documents relating to, 322-5,

341-8,352-3,360-1.
and Siberia, 287-9.
and Tsingtau, 240-6, 248, 291.
Jesuit missionaries, 6.
Johol, 151.
Judaism, 78.
Judges, 83, 107-8, no, 1 14-16,

187-9, 321- See also under

Constitution.
Judicial courts, see under Courts.
Judiciary, 110-20, 299, 301, 321.

See also under Constitution.
Jury, 117. See also Constitution.
Justice, ministry of, 75, 82-3, iii,

1 14-16, 136-7. See also under

Constitution.

Kai-feugfu-Honan railway loans,

212.
Kai-fong-fu, 30.
Kalgan-Peking railway, 226.
Kang Hsi, Emperor, 6.
Kansu, province of, 135-6.
Kaomi railway, 249, 252.
Kaomi-Hsuchowfu railway, 311,

348-52.
Kiachta, 176.
Kiang Hung, 155.
Kiangnan Dock, Shanghai, 265.
Kiangsi, province of, 38, 136.
Kiangsu, province of, 26, 38, 136,

215,217.
Kiaochow, 160-1, 235-56,262,311.
and President Wilson, 290-1.
breaches of neutrality, 241-7,

252.
Chinese protests and demands

at Peace Conferences, 250-5.
clauses of peace treaty relating

to, 360-1.
extension of war zone in, 242-3.
future status of, 246-56.
Japanese attitude at Peace Con-
ference, 253.
lease of 1898, 247.



374



Index



Kiaochow (con) —

legal status of, 236-8.

mineral produce, 250.

notes relating to, 326-7.

restoration of, by Japan, 254.

transfer of German rights to
Japan, 254, 361.

treaty with Japan, 246-50.
Kiaochow-Tsinanfu railway, 281,

. :^-i^ 352-3-

Kiasgu, province of, 249.
Kingchou, i6g.

Kingkiang-Nanshang railway, 2 1 6.
Kirin, province of, 136, 332-3.
Kirin forestry loan, 285-6.
Kirtin-Changchun railway loan,

214, 329.
Kitans, the, 29.
Knox, Secretary, 290.
Kokonor, 63.
Korea, 155-7, 166-70, 174, 199,


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