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289, 307.
Koreans, 183.
Kouldja, 153.
Kowloon, 152. 162; Canton-Kow-

loon railway, 214, 219.
Kulangsham (Amoy) 183.
K'ung, Prince, 151.
Kwang-chou-wan, 162, 312.
Kwangsi, province of, 27, 36, 136,

155, 162.
Kwangtung, province of, 27, 36,

136, 162 ; loans, 285.
Kweichou, province of, 27, 36,

136.

Labour, Chinese, see under Chinese.

Japanese, 310.
Labour conditions, 84-5.
Land, public, 77.
Land, waste, 84.
Land Concessions and Settlements,

see under Exterritoriality.
Land-survey, 87.
Land tax, 9, 79, 190, 217.
Langsan, 154.
Language, 32-3,41-2.



Lansing, Secretary, 294.

Laokay, 21 1.

Laoshan Bay, 242.

Lassa, 174.

Law, see under Constitution and

Courts.
Law-suits, 182-3.
Laws and Regulations, Bureau of,

74- .
Lead mines, 284.
League of Nations, 255.
Lease and cession compared,

236.
Lease by negotiation, 336.
Leased territory-, 236, 239-40, 246,

247-8, 3 12,' 3 1 3.
Legge, Chinese Classics, 1, 8, 32.
Legislature, see under Constitution.
Legitimacy, 117.
Leipzig, 180.
Li Hung-chang, 123, 155-9,

165.
Li Yiian-hung, 25-7, 56, 66.
Liao-ho river, 168, 239, 242.
Liaotung peninsula, 157-8, 173,

.313-

Liaoyang, 169.

Libraries, 6, 83.

Licences, 192.

Li-kin, 198-200, 203-5, 212, 215,

217, 225.
Lincoln, Abraham, President, 53.
Litigation, 83.
Loans, 22, 142, 212 et seq., 285-6,

313-15. See also under specific

loans.
London City and Midland Bank

loan, 214.
Lowe, Robert, 102.
Lowell, A. L., 100.
Loyalty, 124.
Lungkow, 241, 243 ; railway, 281,

3^3- . .,

Lung-Tsing-U-Hai railway loan,

216.

Lung Yii, 17-18.

Luxuries, 202.



Index



375



Macao, 148.

Macartney, Lord, 148.

Machinery, 202.

McKinley, President, 162, 290.

MacLaren on Japanese aggression,

107-
Magistrates, 78, 83, no, 113,
1 1 8-19, 137, 144-6, 182-3,
299.
Malay States, 232.
Mancliu dynasty, 6, 63-4.

government, 12-13,75,117, 119,

123, 136.
emperors, 26, 63.
Manchuria, 159, 165-6, 230.

and Japan, 55, 205, 295-6, 307,
312; railways, 286, 354-5 i
loans, 355-8.
and Russia, 161, 167-9, •73-4>

238-9.
boundary disputes, 148, 152.
railways, 159, 167-8, 173-4,208,
217-18, 286, 290, 354-5.
Manchuria, South, and Japan, 228,
281-2, 287, 297, 307-9, 312;
documents relating to, 327-30,
332-8.
railway, 209, 328.
Manchus, 18, 30, 81, 121, 164,

305- .
Mandarin dialect, 42.
Margary, 154.
Maritime customs revenue, 211-

13 ; service, 225.
Marriage, 117.
Measures, 104.
Merchant vessels, 85, 86.
Merchants, 10.
Mexico, 177, 200, 202.
Military attaches, 87.

communications, 87.

expeditions, see under Foreign
relations.

governor, see under Governor.

[reform, see under Army.
Mill, J. S., 57, 99, 100.
Mines, 159, 218, 282-5, 33^~3-



Ming dynasty, 5, 30.
Mining, 84, 85, 166, 174-5.

companies, 229-30.

regulations, 233-4.

school of, 229.
Missionaries, 78, 147-8, 164, 185,

228, 279-80.
Mohammedanism, 78.
Mohammedans, 18, 121.
Moltke hill, 245.
Mongolia, 121, 135, 205, 317,

and China, 176.

and Japan, 55, 295, 354-8.

and Russia, 153, 166, 175-6.

and Tibet, department for, 87.

documents relating to, 354-8.

electoral college of, 90, 93.

railways, 354-8.
Mongolia, Eastern Inner, and
Japan, 281-2, 287, 307-9, 312.

documents relating to, 327-31,

33374, 337-8-

Mongolia, Outer, 55, 176, 317.

Mongols, 18, 30.

Monopoly, government, 79.

Monroe doctrine, 306.

Montague, Mr., 100.

Morality and conscience, 77.

Morley, Viscount, JValpole, 71.

Morocco, 268.

Morphia, 228.

Mortgage, 117.

Moscow, 159.

Motor transport, 82.

Mukden, 169; Antung-Mukden
railway, 209-10, 328-30; Pe-
king-Mukden railway, 218,226;
Hsin-kimtun-Mukden railway,
214.

Munglem, 155.

Municipal Government, sec under
Government, provincial.

Munitions, 82.

Murder, 118, 119.

Muscovite empire, 174.

Museums, 83.

Musical performances, 83.



376



Index



Nanking, i6, 20, 25-6, 204, 316;
see also Shanghai.

Nanshang-Kinkiang railway loan,
216.

Napoleon, 266.

Nationarassembly, 42, 112 ;i con-
vention, 16, 48; council, 14,
317-19; defence, 87; loan
department, 222. See also
under Constitution.

Naval attaches, 87.

Navy, 81-2, 131-2, 156-7.

Necessaries, 202.

Nestorians, 147.

Neutrality, 191, 256, 258, 260, 262 ;
and Kiaochow, 241-7, 252.

Nicholas II, of Russia, 158.

Nomination, 96-7.

Normal college, the, 84.

North and South, 18, 22, 28-46,
67, 292-3, 309 ; historical and
political distinctions, 28-30,
33 ; psychological and other
differences, 30-2, 42-3 ; lan-
guage and dialects, 33, 41-2;
army organization and reform,
34j i7, 44-6 ; policy during the
revolution, 34-42 ; commerce,
42 ; complexity of problem of
' North and South ', 44-6.

Norway, treaty with, 150.

Notes, bank, 80-1.

Nuchens, the, 30.

' Open door ' policy, 290, 294, 297,

310-11.
Opium and the opium war, 98, 149,

154, 175) 78-9> i9o» 1 95) 204.
Ottoman empire, 41, 186.

Pacific, the, 43, 153, 157, 172.

Parathusians, 147.

Paris, 158.

Parkes, Sir Harry, 150, 155.

Parliament, see under Constitution.

Partition, 162.

' Peace Planning ' Society, the, 24.



Pel Chili, gulf of, 150, 163.

Pel Ho, river, 151.

Peking, 13, 15, 17, 21-2, 24, 26,
46, 55-6, 65, 72, 78-9, 89 et
seq., no. III et seq., 114, 122,
135-7) 139-40, 148) 15I) 163,
165, 184, 188-9, 199, 205-6,
253, 278, 285.

Peking-Canton railway, 42.

Peking-Hankow railway, 249 ;
loans, 212, 214, 218, 224.

Peking-Hankow Redemption loan,
216.

Peking-Kalgan railway, 226.

Peking (Mining) Syndicate, 229-

Peking-Mukden railway, 226 ; loan,

218.
Penshi Hu Mining Company, 23c.
Persia, 177.
Persians, 147.
Peru, 177, 202, 206.
Petrograd, see St. Petersburg.
Piggott, Sir Francis, 242.
PInghsiang Collieries, 283.
Pirates, 81.

Police, 76-8, 159, 192-3, 287.
Police laws, 337-8.
Political education, 102-3.
Political situation since 191 1, 12-

46. See under Revolution and

North and South.
Polo, Marco, 147-8.
Poor-relief, 8, 9, jj.
Population, provincial, table of,

136.
Port Arthur, 161 -2, 168-9, 238-9,

329-30.
Portsmouth (U.S.A.), 169.
Portugal, 49, 136.
Portuguese, the, 147, 148.
Portuguese trade, 195.
Poshan, 210.
Postal service, 85, 86.
Poultry, 264.
Poverty, 12.
Prefects, no, 137.



Index



?>77



President, see Constitution.

Prime minister, see Constitution.

Prince Regent, 14.

Printing and Engraving section of
cabinet, 74-5.

Prisons, 83, 187-9.

Property, ownership of, 117.

Provinces, area and population of,
136.

Provincial assembly, 90, 139-44.
government, see Government,
governor, see Governor.

Prussia, Prince Henry of, 161.

Public debt, 79 ; land, 77 ; lec-
tures, 83 ; loans, 104 {see also
under Economic Concessions) ;
opinion, 68, loo-i, 109 ; prose-
cution, 113; prosecutor, 113-
14; safety, 117; trial, 117;
Works, 75, jj -^ worship, 77-9.

Publication, 77.

Pukow-Tientsin railway, 206, 249 ;
loans, 214, 219, 224-7; 5fe Sin-
yang.

Punishments, department of, 75.

Quorum, log.

Railways, 85-7, 128, 155, 159, 161,
166, 169, 173-5, 206, 208-10,
242, 249-50, 252, 281-2, 286,
328-30, 333-4, 348-58; table
of loans, 212-17; remarks on,
218-27. See also under specific
railways.

Rainfall, 31.

Rates, 192.

Raw materials, 202.

Reforms, modern, 125-6.

Religion, 77-9.

Religious persecution, 78.

Reorganization loan, 216, 220-1.

Representative Government, 100.
See also Constitution.

Representatives, House of, see
under Constitution.

Republic, Chinese, see under Con-
stitution.



Republican Government, see under

Government.
Republicanism, alien to Chinese

tradition, 48.
Revenue, sources of, 79.
Revolution, the, 12-28, 34.
Revolutions, 4-5, 304.
Rice, 31.
Richthofen, 77.
Rites, department of, 75.
River conservancy, 10; defence,

81.
Roads, 9, 192.
Roman Catholics, 160.
Roman empire, 147.
Roosevelt, President, 169, 290.
Root, Secretary, 172.
Rubber, 232.
' Rule of men ' and ' Rule of law ',

Russia and Boxer rebellion, 164-6.
and China, 157, 162, 167, 174,
287,290,312; exterritoriality,
, 178, 183; loans, 211-12, 218-
20, 222 ; railway concession,
208-10; treaties, 55, 152-3,
158-9, 166.
and France, 54, 167.
and Germany, 158, i6i.
and Japan, 13, 158, 167-9, i?')
173-4, 278, 280, 290, 306, 343-
4, 346-7-
and Manchuria, 161, 167-9, '73

4, 238-9.
and Mongolia, 153, 166, 175-6.
and Shantung, 343-4, 34^-7-
and Siberia, 309.
Russian Orthodox Church, 148.
Russian Revolution, 12, 27.
Russians in China, 148-9.
Russo-Asiatic Bank, 159.

Sacrifice, annual, 20.
Sacrificial ceremony, 62.
Safety, public, 117.
Saigon, 180.
Sailors, 265.



378



Index



St. Petersburg, 158-9, 166.

Salt administration, 88, 221 ;
districts, no; Gabelle, 217,
222; tax, 79, 137, 212, 217.

Sandals, 157.

San Francisco, 264.

Sanitation, 9, 77, 86, 128, 140, 193,
295.

Scholars, 2, 61.

Schools, 5-6, 42, 81, 84, 206, 229.
See also under Education.

Science, Western, 6.

Sea-survey, 87.

Senate, see under Constitution.

Settlement, International, 249, 252.

Settlements, see under Exterri-
toriality.

Sha-ho, 169.

Shang-lao, 2.

Shanghai, 15, 22, 85, 180-3, 185-6,
188, 191-2, 204, 206, 209, 265.

Shanghai-Hangchow-Ningpo rail-
way loan, 214.

Shanghai-Nanking railway loans,
212, 223-4.

Shanghai-Taku cable, 217.

Shanhaikwan-Hsinmintun railway
loan, 218, 223.

Shansi, province of, 28, 136, 229.

Shansi railway loan, 212, 218.

Shantung, province of, 55, 136,
160,199,210,215,253,290,311.
and Japan, 236, 245, 250-2, 254,
281, 286-7, 295, 312; docu-
ments relating to, 322-5, 341-

8> 352-3-
clauses of peace treaty relating

to, 360-1.
Shao-Shin district, 120.
Shasi-Sinyufu railway loan, 220,

225-6.
Shensi, province of, 28, 135, 136.
Shih-Chen railway loan, 285.
Shimonoseki, treaty of, 157.
Shipbuilding, 294.
Shipping, 85, 86, 87, 204-5, 263-4.
Sh'un, Emperor, i.



Shunteh railway, 249; see Tsinanfu

and Tsingtau.
Siam, 177.
Si-an-fu, 29, 164.
Siberia, 148, 165, 287-9, 3°9-
Silk, 147, 202-3.
Silver bars as currency, 80.
Silver dollar standard, 80.
Simon, M., La Cite chinoise, 85.
Sino-French Educational Society,

278.
Sinyang-Pukow railway loan, 216,

220, 225-6.
Sinyufu-Shasi railway loan, 220,

225-6.
Skenkin, province of, 136.
Smuggling, 184.
Soldiers, 263-5.
Solicitors, 83.

South, the, see North and South.
South Africa, Chinese labour in,

267-8; federalism in, 127.
South America, see America.
South Sea Islands, 341-8.
Southern Provinces, 312.
Spaniards, the, 148.
Standard Oil Co., 248.
Steel, 264-5, ^94-
Stock exchange, 84, 85.
Straits Settlements, 232-3, 266, 3 14.
Submarine cables, 361 ; warfare,

257-60.
Sub-prefect, 182-3.
Subsidies, government, 84.
Success, worship of, 5.
Sugar, 84, 199, 232.
Sugiyama, Mr., 165.
Sui dynasty, 2.

Sun Yat Sen, Dr., 1 3, 14, 1 6, 1 8,40,48.
Sung dynasty, 29-30.
Suniyama, Mr., on Japanese ag-
gression, 308-9.
Sunlight Soap factory and cofton

mills, 228.
Surveying, 87.
Sweden, 136, 150.
Switzerland, 44.



Index



379



Syria, 147.

Szechuan, province of, 29, 136.

Taiping rebellion, 13.

Takahira, Mr., 172-3.

Taku, 163-4; forts, 151, 164-5.

Taku-Shanghai cable, 217.

Ta-lien-wan, see Dalny-

T'ang dynasty, 5, 29, 40.

Tang Shao-yi, Prime Minister, 66.

Taoching railway, 224.

Tarbagatai, 152.

Tariff, 128, 313, 315 ; administra-
tion, 204-7 ; coastal trade
duty, 200, 205 ; customs
schools, 206 ; evasions of,
198-9; exports, 197-9, 200,
205 ; imports, 129, 198, 202,
205 ; Inland dues, 198-9, 205 ;
li-kin, 198-200, 203-5, 212,
215, 217, 225; luxuries, 202;
machinery, 202 ; maritime cus-
toms revenue, 211, 213 ; maxi-
mum and minimum rates, 196 ;
' most-favoured-nation ' treat-
ment, 201-3 ; necessaries, 202 ;
raw materials, 202 ; re-export,
200; uniform rate, 196, 201-2 ;
suggestions for improvement,
201-4; tariff agreements,
(1858) 195-7,(1889)204,(1902
-3) i99> 204, (1906) 204-5,
(1907) 200, (1915) 205; tariff
revision, 195-6, 213.

Taskow-Chinghuas railway loans,
214, 216.

Taxation, 4-5, 9, 79, 104, 129, 137,
142, 190, 191, 192, 198-9,205,
217, 225, 33374, 337-S- See
also under Tariff.

Tayeh Mines, 283-4.

Tea, 84.

Technical colleges, 84.

Telegraphs, 85-6, 175 ; loans, 216,
285.

Telephones, 85-6.

Temples, 79.



Testamentary disposition, 1 17.
Tibet, 90, 93, 121, 135, 166-7,

i74-5j 317-
Tibetans, 18.
Tientsin, 26, 85, 151-2, 164, 188,

191, 206, 260.
Tientsin Flood loan, 285.
Tientsin-Pukow railway, 206, 249 ;

loans, 214, 219, 224-7.
Timber company, 230, 286.
Ting, Admiral, 156.
Tobacco, 217.
Tocqueville, 53.
Tolerance among Chinese, 11.
Tongking, 29.
Torture, 120.

Trade, 27, 78, 86-7, 185, 200, 203.
Trade marks, registration of, 84.
Transport, 5, 82, 87.
Trans-Siberian railway, 159, 20S.
Travel, increase of, 77.
Treason, 111, 119-20.
Treasurer, provincial, 136-7.
Treaties, see Foreign relations.
Ignoring of, by Japan, 287.
Treaty ports, 191, 193-4, 197, 200,

205-6.
Treaty states, rights of subjects

of, 227-8,233.
Trial, public, 1 17.
Tseng, Marquis, 154.
Tsinanfu, 243, 352-3.
Tslnanfu railway, 210, 249.
Tslnanfu-Kiaochow railway, 281,

323, 352-3-
Tsinanfu-Shunteh railway, 311,

348-52 ; loan, 285.
Tsingtau, 240-6, 248, 291, 352-3.
Tslngtau railway, 210.
Tslngtau-Shunteh railway, 252.
Tslngtau-Tslnanfu railway, 242,

246, 248, 252, 361.
Tsungli Yamen, 75.
Tuan Ch'i-jul, General, 25-7,35-9,

66.
Turkey, 41, 177.
Turkistan, 63, 90, 93, 135, 153.



38o



Index



Uchida, Mr., on Japanese aggres-
sion, 307-8.
United States, see America.
Universities, 84.
Ussuri, river, 152-3.

Vice-President, see Constitution.
Viceroy, see Governor, provincial.
Victoria, Queen, 54.
Village, the, 9.
Vladivostock, 158-9, 208.
Von Kettler, Baron, 165.

Wallas, Professor Graham, 3.
War, department of, 75 ; ministry

of, 81-2 ; office, 61.
Washington, iii, 134-5, 140, 172.
Weights, 104.

Wei-hai-wei, 157, 162, 236, 312.
Weihsien, 210, 281 ; Chefoo-Wei-

hsien railway, 2 Si, 323.
Wheat, 31.
Widows, 79.
Wilson, President Woodrow, 53,

253, 261, 290, 292, 296, 311.
Wine, 202, 217.
Wireless stations, 81, 86.
Witte, 159.
Wool, 85.
Workhouses, 77.
Works, department of, 75, 77.
Worship, public, 77-9-
Writing, 33.



Wu Ting-fang, Dr., 36.
Wuchang, 14-15.

Yalu, the, battle of, 168.

Yalu River Timber Company, 230,
286.

Yangtze provinces and the Boxer
movement, 124.

Yang-tze-kiang, the, 15, 28-30,
149-50,219; valley of. 162, 312.

Yellow River, the, 28-9.

Yentai, 209.

Yin Chang, General, 14.

Yokohama Specie Bank, 216;
loan, 283-4.

Young, Robert, 249.

Younghusband, Col. Sir F., 174.

Yii, Emperor, 28.

Yiian Shih-k'ai, 14-25, 34, 56,
61-2, 65, 123, 278, 305; as
president, 17-23, 34-5 ; rea-
sons for election, 48 9 ; on
loyalty, 124; war proposal,
257 ; his death, 25 , anti- Yiian
movement, 22.

Yuchuanpu loan, 216; bonds, 214.

Yunanfu, 211.

Yunnan, province of, 24, 27, 36,
136, 154, 162; railway, 210-
1 1 ; French (Mining) Syndicate
of, 229-30.

Zinc mines, 284.
Zoological gardens, 83.



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6s. 6d. net.

Deals with the important problems which confront Chinese statesmen and diplomatists
and those who have anything to do with China. It endeavours to give a true picture
of things as they are in the Far East, and at the same time to suggest constructive
schemes for the future.



THE EASTERN QUESTION. An Historical Study in

European Diplomacy. By J. A. R. Marriott. 1917. With eleven maps.
8s. 6d. net.

'Its value to students of contemporary politics is practically incalculable.' — Daily
Telee^raph.

' Pleasant to read, full of information, and giving the mature thought of a man who has
made modern history his life-work, it is one of the most valuable historical books I have
seen.' — Dr. Agar Beet in the London Quarterly Review.

' Owing to his vast knowledge of modern Europe and its affairs and his great skill as
a writer (Mr. Marriott) has produced a most interesting book. His work should count as
the standard treatise on the subject, not alone in this country.' — Professor Margoliouth in
the Moslem World.

THE GREAT EUROPEAN TREATIES of the Nine-

teenth Century, edited by Sir Augustus Oakes and R. B. Mowat, with an
introduction by Sir H. Erle Richards. 1918. Pp. xii+404, with ten
maps. 7s. 6d. net.

' It was a happy inspiration which suggested the publication in a cheap and handy form
of the texts of the principal European treaties of the nineteenth century, together with such
notes and introductions as would explain their significance. ... It supplies a greatly felt
want ... Its numerous uncoloured maps are the best and clearest we remember to have
seen.' — Times.

'Indispensable to (the student) and of the highest value as a work of reference.

Glasgow Herald.

DIPLOMACY and the Study of International Relations.

By D. P. Heatley. Pp. xvi + 292. 7s.6d.net.

Written for the guidance of historical students and consisting of an essay on Diplomacy
and the Conduct of Foreign Policy, followed by a bibliographical section giving advice as
to the study of International Relations, General Modern History, the Sovereignty of the
Seas, Treaties, &c.



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Cheng, Sih-Gung,

Modern China, a political soudy.





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Online LibrarySih-Gung ChengModern China, a political study → online text (page 28 of 28)