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Sir Isaac Pitman.

Pitman's journal of commercial education, Volume 34 online

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iz, i dm not partikiilarli wont it ; b^t if siks /iligz wil dm,
i wil lek it."

ae Jopkjper heziteted. " if s^porz n m^st hav it den,
madam," sed hi wid a sadend kountenans, '* b^t riali \ get
ncr profit b^ it at dat pr^s."

" CTh," sed Ms M^bre wid a banterig cr, " n Jopkiperz
never get eni profit, if wi ar tu beli? i^. TX min tu se \\,
dm not poket kwjt fifti per sent, bi it."

ae Jopkiper, wid a fent efort tu 801^1, /uk biz bed az hi
nitli felded and rapt 3p de deliket artikel, and Ms Mcrbre
havig kounted out de siks Jiligz, hi pol^tli dagkt her, epend
de Jop-dorr, and bad her gud-de.

" aer, Jen," sed Ms Merbrc az /i enterd de parlor on
her arjval at ham, ** whot dm q ^igk ov raj purges P" herldig
7p her nil akwizijon. ** Iz it not a Isv o? a kap ? Ges
whot i gev for it."

Jen ekzamind it miniitli, and gest de prjs tu bi seven or
et Jiligz, de matirialz and wsrk biig, az Ji remarkt, sor
veri gud.

" CTnli iiks Jiligz," sed Ms Mo-bre tri^mfantli ; " de
Jopkiper askt seven, bst \ s^ksided in getig it for siks ; and
(putig it on, and wokig 7p tu de lukig-glas) \ ajmr u j am
not a litel plizd wid mi bargen."

" Wei," sed Jen, ** it iz a wTjnder de kan aferrd tu sel
STTQ a kap for de mvni ; de matirialz alern, \ Jud digk, wud
kost az mvQ az ddt."

** It iz a W3nder," replid Ms Mabre indiferentli, az Ji
t^rnd herself round beforr de lukig-glas, and inkw^rd ov
her sister hou it sifted her fes, and wheder de kvlor ov de
ribon wer adapted tu her komplekjon.

A loud dTfbel nok at dis merment woz herd at de dar,
and Ms Merbre, tekig of de kap in de gretest trepidejon,
remarkt dat Ji wud not for de wmrld dat her hi^zband Jud
n6 ov her purges, az her last mvnl's milineri bil had bin
veri hevi, and Edward wud bi displizd at whot hi wud
term her ekstravagans.

ae kap woz sefli depozited beforr Edward had enterd de
rmm ; hm, drerig himself on de sofa, deklerd hi woz fa-
tigd, and Jud bi glad ov a kyp ov ti.

" Xi ar let, mi dir, dis ivnig, ar h not ?" inkwird Ms
Mcrbre.

" * am Icter dan ujual," anserd Mr Mo-bre ; " i hav bin
atendig a komitimitig ov our benevolent sersieti, whig
detend mi svm tim."

" XXr benevolent sersieti iz olwez detenig ii i ligk," sed
Ms Morbrc ssmwhot repterqfuli ; " benevolent so'sietiz ar
veri gud iigz nerdout, bi^ti^igki/ hav kwjt STffiJenttu dm,
be^ wid iir tim and nr m^ni, widout atendig tu eni ssq
digz. Whot kan %oi dm for de pmjr ? It iz veri wel for
daz hm hav n^lig tu dm, and plenti ov mvni tu sper ; bst
\ kanot si hou personz wid ser limited an inkvm az ourz
hav eni biznes wid benevolent sersietiz."

" Welv mi dir," replid Edward, " i hav lot on de s^b-



jekt s^fijentli tu entitel mi tu a desided opinion ; and \
am Jmr if 11 had bin wid 7S tu-de, and had herd de in-
Htansez ov de gud olredi efekted, y\ wud not herld ser Ijtlt
de ekzerjonz ov iven svq hvmbel individqalz az wi. $
hap i am nider neglektig mi biznes nor mi ham in diz
eforts, and i am konfideot \\ wil rejois wid mi when i tel
\\ dat wi hav gud rizon tu hap dat wi ar mekig svm im-
prejon, houever litel, 7pon de vis and ignorans whig hav
sa log med daz lenz and aliz at de bak ov our hous a ni^*
sans tu de nebsrhud."

" Ov kars, mi dir," sed Ms Mabrc, " i wij olwez tu
simpaliz wid \\ in eni ov qr eforts tu dm gud."

'* Wi hav s7m fvudz in hand," remarkt Mr Mabre,
" and i hav promist our komiti tu vizit de pmr familiz my-
self tu*mora, tu aserten der individqal serksmstaosez. and
de best minz ov servig dem. Let mi ad, mi dir," sed hi
kaksigli, ** dat i hap q wil akirmpani mi, and Jer wid mi
de plegur ov inkwirig intu der nesesitiz, and endevorig tu
aliviet der distres."

Ms Mabre wud hav wiligli konsided tu her hvzband de
monopoli ov dis plegur ; b«t, after mekig a hast ov objek-
Jonz and ekskqsez, whig wer s^ksesfuli k^mbated bi him,
woz at last brot tu akwi^s in hiz wiJ, and promist tu bi in
redines on de folaig aftemmn tu akvmpani him on whot
Ji neverdeles dimd a Kwiksotik ekspedijon.

ae nekst de Ms Mabre woz relsktantli redi on her h«z-
band'z retvrn from biznes, and, rvfli atird for de okeson,
de started on der eksplaratori tmr.

Livig de men Ivrafer, wid its jentil dwelig-houzez and
gliterig Jops, de turned doun a litel bi*strit, at de end or
whig de found demselvz in de midst ov a hqj nest, az it
wer, ov karts and aliz, whig prez^nted a strikig koatraat
wid de godi strit de had jvst left. Ms Mabre woz S9
Jokt at de sit ov svq regednes, dat Ji heziteted tu prosid,
til riajmrd bi her h^zband, hm wel nq de lakaliti, and had
ofen vizited de pmr familiz der beferr.

ae apirans ov de spot woz indid deplarabel, and not a
litel startlig tu w^n hmz woks had bin kon^nd tu de pvb-
lik l^raferz. It woz a l^vli aftemmn, yet iven de s^n'z
pirsig bimz kud skersli penetret s^m ov diz girles glmmi
nuks. Hir wer kli^sterz ov pestiferiFs hovelz, 83m widout
darz, krouded wid hqman biigz, da^nfit iven for de habi-
tejon ov de mast valqles animal. In meni, de aid winder
penz wer olmottt ol braken, whil in vderz de wer saderti,
and paQt wid peper or st^ft wid ragz, dat de b3t veri par-
Jali admited de lit ov de. Kaged and vij^s boiz wer gam-
blig in grmps, and ber-futed gildren wer pleig about in de
slimi mvd, S3m skwolid and pqni in konsekwens or bad er
and ins^tijent fmd, and sderz hmz Q^bi fitqrz displed, in
spit ov dert and privejon, a rabvstnes ov hell dat wud hav
d^n kredit tu de nvrseri ov a nabelman. Hir wer gant
men, wid d^l minigles kountenansez, sitig on der kvmfort-
les Irejhaldz, and bani hagard wimen skrigig for der stred
Qildren, whil de skerali-konsild formz ov svm ov de y^gger
Hmelz mit hav servd az modelz for de penter or skvlptor.
Yet iven hir wer tresez ov hqman simpaliz ot de pi^res

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21 Aug., 1875.



THE PHONETIC JOURNAL.



343



LI, fir;

Inll, ro«r ;



W w, Yy, H h. — Aa, H r; E e, S c; I i> Li: O o, O o; ^3, 0or; Uu, UJ ra. * j, Uu-

w%j, jfe%, Aay. — pat, alma; pet, age; p«t, «at: pot, all; but, old; put, oowe, mjr, new.



k^nd. Gerlz wer nsrsii) der bebi sisterz wid de merst pejent
devatednes. 3e plefui inosent-fest kiten, a i|;iiversal fe*
▼oric, frolikt about in de derti windcr-sil ; de sorjal do^
fJQid kw[t at h^m wid de gildreii, az de Jerd wid him der
pitans ov bred ; and from meni a siiperani^eted sospan and
spoutles ti-pot, at deeper windorz, grin de fregrant berga-
niot and de bl^^Jig jerenivm wid strenj l?fkziirians.

cle apirans in avq a neb^rhud ov tm wel-drest personz
0ain kozd an 3nii3ual eksjtment. espejali az Mr Mabre
woz nvn amisr) de puir inhabitants ; and whenever hi apird
der, it mit bi sefli kalkiileted der woz s^mlig tu hi given
awe. 6ildren, after a hesti glans at de introiderz, left der
.plefelflrz and ran tu der hermz ; hedz wer Irvst out at de
windffz ; 87m Jsfeld tu der ern rmmz, dat de mit bi redi
if kold on ; ^derz obtruided deraselvz in de we wid an ob-
eikwivB ksrtsi ; svm kern tu der dcrrz wid der litel W3nz
pipig from behind der epronz ; and ol around wer on de
tipta ov ekspektejon.

Az de kl^rad de krakig sterz, and eksplerrd de neked
garets ov de vcri^s houzez, it woz sig^H^ar tu mark de dis-
aimilariti in karakter and serk^mstansez ov de verisa in-
mcls— aljk (rnli in der poverti. Lven in form and fiti^r de
kontrast woz strikirj. In de kountenansez ov a^m m^t bi
vnmistekabli red de senjual and de brmtij ; vih^l in de
liniaments ov Tjderz rajt bi treat, notwid^tandig dert and
ragz, de predominans ov de jentel, and iven de refund.
Hir woz de roundqikt bmr, hui fatend amid de fill dat
simd nati^ral tu him ; and hir de aggnlar-fitiird man ov
^ot and ov obzervejon, hmm rocrr fevorabel serksmstansez
mit hav plest in a far diferent sfir. Ee sti^dent ov hitman
karakter kud not hav dezird a ^ner fjld for de proaekqjon
ov hiz stsdiz dan 87q a W7n az dis ; and de m^r sor, az
karakter woz hir str ferrsibli developt for gud or ivil, yn-
wikend bj eni ov de influensez whig afekt sivil^zd lif. Ms
Mcrbre, az Ji joind her hvzband in k^nd konversejon wid
de verivs familiz de vizitcd, smn began tu fil a dip inter-
est in dem,smdig1i adv^zd widdera, andrelivd 83m oy der
morr presig wonta.

cle had kompUted der intended round ov vizits, and wer
J39t livig de kerrt tu return hwmward. when a y^g wuman,
kariig in her hand a miliner z basket, krost boftyr dem.
Ei woz veri minli klad, and her apirans besperk dip pov-
erti, yet der woz an er ov respektabiliti about her dat kud
not bi misteken. Xi evidentli Jr^gk from obzervejon ;
b3t az Ji lukt 3p wid a s^rprjzd er at de 3nii.^ual sjt ov
tiju. respektabli-drest personz in avq a pies, her sad koun-
tenans, bimi'g wid intelijens. scr farsibli imprest Mr Morbre,
dat hi stopt her, and askig her her wher Ji livd, eksprest
a wij tu pe her a vizit.

He ysg wuman ksrtsid, and led de we tu a hous si^pi-
rior tu merst ov do-z de had j^st left, b3t skersli les reqed
and rmin38. It woz a larj bilJig, and had perhaps W3ns
bin tenanted b^ de welli ; b3t it had log sins folen intu
deke, and its lofti kapejss ruimz had bin divided intu a
nxmbt-r ov smol w3nz, icj ov whiq nou kontend a famili,
larj or smol az de kes mit hi. Mr and Ms Mcrbre folad



de y3g wuman 3p de wjd stcrkes tu de top ov de hous,
and den t3raig intu a log galeri, der g^d stopt at legl at a
derr, and, Hfiig de lag, wid a k3rt8i and an apoloji for de
3ntidine8 ov de h3mbel rmm, 3jerd dem intu her apart-
ment, and dsstig de qer (der woz b3t W3n), invited Ms
Morbre tu tek a sit.

cle rmm woz 8pej38, and apird de larjer in konsekwens
ov biig ser skantili fsrnijt. Ssm hBfd3zen erld buks le
in de windff, a fq artikelz ov krokeri-wer wer arenjdon a
boks in de korner ov de rmm, whig simd tu serv oke3onali
az a sit, kompr^zd nirli ol de artikelz vizibel in de rmm.
Everilig, houever, woz klin and tjdi, and der woz an er ov
disensi and respektabiliti about de rmm whig plizigli kon-
trasted wid derz de had J38t left.

" Dm II liv hir alorn,.pre ?" inkwjrd Mr Merbre.

** N», ser," replid de y3g wuman fibli, " m^ejed m3der
livz wid mi ; b3t (pointig tu a bed at de f3rder endjov de
rmm, and whiq de gaderig Jadorz ov ivnig had prevented
dem from befcrr obzervig) Ji iz il, and haz bin konQnd tu
her bed for de last m3nl."

" Uav q nor fader?" inkwjrd Mr Morbre.

3e ysg «uman woz sclent for a mament az her t3g
strs^eldtuartikqletan anser, wbilatirtrikelddounherQik.

" Mi fader iz ded, ser,** Ji replid : ** hi did about siks
m3nls agcr after a Jort ilnes, and wi wer in konsekwens
kompeld tu liv our former nis herm, and tek dis rmm."

" And pre hou dm q, 83perrt qrself and qr m3der ?" askt
Mr Mabre, glansig at de tebel, whig woz strerd wid pisez
ov les, ribon, ets.

" * mek kaps and kolarz, ser,'* sedde y3g fimel, ** when
I kan get wsrk tu dm ; bst it iz veri prekeri38, and ser
badli ped for, dat i hav bin oblijd tu pon nirli ol our fsr-
nitqr tu kip out ov det. * am 3nwilig dat mj pmr m3dcr
Jud bi qarjabel tu de parij ; bst mi hardest ekzerjonz ar
in836Jent tu s«pli 38 iven wid bred.**

" Pre hmm dm \i w3rk for P'* inkwird Ms Merbre, lukig
kiiri3sli at an 3nfinijt kap whig le on de tebel.

*• * W3rk prinsipali, madam,'* rep^d de y3g wuman,
" for de larj les-Jop in de strit klers bi. Hat kap, madam,
wil ernli brig mi 5*. when itiz finijt, and [ hav olredi spent
nirli a de in mekig it, and de matirialz kost mi 4*. 6rf.
Lven dis pmr profit iz tu bi redi^st, for mi emploier tcrld
mi last nit hi kud not afard tu giv mi ser m3g for dem,
az lediz refi^z tu giv him hiz pris.**

•* Lrdiz, indid ! ** eksklemd Mr Mabre indignantli.
" He litel ^igk, when de az sa mersilesli h3ntig for bar-
genz, hou sadli de ar diminijig de wejez ov de pmr.*'

Ms Morbre t3rnd her bed asid and bbjt dipli, for Ji
rekognizd in de kap befor her de kounterpart ov de W3q
Ji had hot de presidig de, and in de emploier ov dis pmr
y3g wuman de lesman ov hmm Ji had bot it.

Mr Merbre med S3m f3rder inkwirz, and livig de pmr
kap-mcker a trifel, proraist tu send a doktor tu vizit her
m3der, and tu kol on her agen ; and Ms Mabre, befor
livig, gev her an order, wid an ajmrans dat Ji wud endevor
tu interest her frendz in her behaf.



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844



THE PHONETIC JOURNAL.



21 Aug., 1876.



Ms Morbre, der a/emd and self-konvikted, ret^rnd horm
plizd wid her norel toir, and hensforward woz de frikwent
koropanion or her h^zband on s^q. okesonz. Bargen-
-h^ntig had bin in her kes de rez^lt rfider ov ^otlesnes
dan ov an ^nfilig dispozijon ; and from dia tjui Ji woz merr
liberal in her p^rgesez, and never felt disperzd tn deprijiet
de valq, ov an artikel widout ^ir)kii) ov de pmr kap-meker.
Si kem ta de w^z konklmson, dat an vnnesesari or bad
artikel kan never bi Qip, and dat a gud artikel iz olwez
W3rl a fer prja. A bargen woz ever afterwardz as^Jicted
in h^r mjnd wid deprijieted wcjez and de mizeri ov de pmr ;
and de Qarm whig it had w^ns pozest in her jz woz ent^rli
dispeld bi de rekolek/on ov de sorcf and oprejon whig wer
Bcr ofen involvd in its prerd^kjon. — Gemherz*ez Edinhtirv
Jamal.



aE TEMPERANS EEF0EM8X0N.

Tm frendz ov temperans, wel n^n in Mangester, oferd
prjzez ov 250 and 150 giniz for de best esa ^pon " Se
Temperans Seformejon and its klemz vpon de Kris-
tian G^rQ." Sti-siks esez wer riten, and de W3n whig
resivd de ferst pr^z haz bin p^blijt b^ Mes. Hoden and
Stouton, Paternoster ra, pr^s Is, 6d, It iz riten bi de
Rev. Jemz Smi^, MA., ov de Fri ©srg ov Skotland, Tar-
land, Aberdinjer. Ee folerig ekstrakts wil Jo* de stil ov
de otfor : —

At whot partikqlar point d3Z eni man sis tu bi serber
and begin tu bi drsr^k P Whot kwontiti or stregtf ov al-
kohol me w^n imbib wid de perfekt ajoirans ov retcnig
de sffber ekwilibri^m ov ol hiz fak3ltiz ? Hou log me
W7n bi akvstorod tu a yeri moderet deli kwontiti ov win
or spirits widout ink^rig eni denjer ov formig an apetit
for strog drigk P Eiz and vder a'sq kwestionz kanot bi
anserd, bekoz der iz ner lin disernabel. And no- injeni^iti
kan kalkqlet wher or when de lin iz krost whig separets
modere/on from ekses, serbrieti from drsgkennes. Eer iz
a point indefinitli nirde startig-point 07 ^nmistekabel se-
brieti, and yet 87m distans from it, wher aslit derenjment
ov de mental pouerz, a litel dimnes ov intelektqal vi5on,
83m lak ov tendemes in konjens, s^m relaksig ov de
pouer ov wil — ol imperseptibel it mebi tu 3derz— bek^mz
at list S5spekted bi de individual himself, cler me bi at
de sem tim an aksejon ov girfulnes, a sens ov k^mfort,
and a dispozi/on tu bi liberal and jenerss in ^ot and ak-
Jon ; bvt whil it wud bi vngaritabel and ruid in de esti-
mejon ov so-sieti, and libel^s in de { ov de lo, tu kol dis
bi de nem ov dr^gkennes, kol it bi whot nem wi wil it
iz a departi^r from strikt absolmt serbrieti, and an innipient
mmvment alog de lin whig lidz tu de grossest intemperans.
3.6 hier netqr haz begsn tu luiz, and de laer tu gen, in-
fluens and stregf ; it nidz bst a litel merr impetus in de
sem direk/on, it nidz b3t de sem prerses repited S36jentli
ofen, tu kriet de dr^gkard'z apetit, and tu preki^r de
dr^gkard'z nem. A start haz olredi bin med alog d4t lin
whig iz sor ^ikli strern wid de rek ov mvq dat iz gret and
nvbel liig in akiimi^leted mases ov degrade/on, regednes,
and krim.

Wher dvz de sin ov intemperans begin P At whot point



d3z gilt orijinet P Whot amount ov likig for strog dri;)k
iz nesesari in order tu its biig dezervedli kold an apetit P
Ner anser kan bi given dat kan satisQ de tender koDjeni,
or gid in sefti de konjens dat iz wik ; ner anser svfijeatli
eksplisit tu mark de point ov denjer, and tu arest de drigker
befor d&t point iz rigt. Se fsrder wvn advansez alog d«
lin de spid bekvmz inkrisigli akselereted, for it iz a douih
ward prorgres, and in de kes ov meni hm stop far Jort o? 4e
West dep^ de habitiial i^s ov strog drigk entelz a wikenig
ov moral stregf, and a west ov mental pouer, whig from
der gradual and insidi^s development ar never fuli rializd.
3e Terminus a quo, let 7S agen remark, iz absoloit svbrieti,
and de Terminus ad quern iz konfermd intemperans. 3e
pel iz at de outset plezant and temptig, b3t der ar nor
wemarks wherbi qr ekzakt pozijon me bi at eni tim deter-
mind ; and de wildernes bek^mz mvr wid, de pel mm
6trenjli fasinetig, and de we bak merr enk^mpast bi difi-
k^lti de farder q prerjid.

aE LITEL Tl^EB.

^ won(/er(//9rfi iOYn apmef i/^f,
noAen, aoi'oe/ ^u az tnf ^i^ed(,

f ^</mii (Zaun UAiB mefu a ^f,
w4en /», a (/eet a^ mf A,^



%^r(/ f.



■f-



feArKdtt a£ ^Ai^ f
'' ^/B» a ntan ¥nAi^(/e</ /louefj

anc/ SipA, Am w^a^ ma /a aea ouft

^ jbe ^^ anc/ </<^, ae ^v^n anc/ re n,

ar our A den^ /a ^tj^er m^,
anc/ /krea^ Bc^et ^oc/ t(Ai/ na^ c/en
/« fimA c^n At /"

tS^emc/ f, r^z, re&^A^ mf, Aer,

anc/ A/ea^ ae /A^er ov ae ac^,
rezoA/c/ /u ^ea acos c/eaAer,

anc/ ^ryo^ en ^c^ci.



—8, jr. Partrij,



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28 Aug., 187»



THB PHONETIC JOURNAL.



8ATUBDAT, 28M AUGUST, 1876.



INTELLIGENCE.

0$mmuuioaHont/br ikia Department qftke Journal^ NeHee* (^fEvereirenimion,
•to., rikould ie written eeparateljf from lettere, and marked ** Journal,"

CROYDON. — A reporting match between Mr 0. Wrenn and
Mr F. Dalley (both pbonographers of this town) took place on
Wednefiday evening, 10th August, at the latter gentleman's resi-
dence, South end. JSach opponent had fourteen minutes* dictation,
kindly dictated by Mr Haine, which resulted in an easy victory
for the former gentleman, who wrote 2,445 words, against Mr
Bailey's 1,783. The reading matter was selected by the dictator
from the trial of Colonel Baker, as it appeared in the Standard of
Srd August. We are informed that Mr Wrenn has received a
challenge from the defeated gentleman to engage in a transcribing
contest, which baa been duly accepted and which will take place
early in September.

LEEDS Shorthand Wbitbrs' AsiociATioN. From /. TFil-
kinson. Secretary.— The usual monthly meeting of this Associa-
tion was held on Friday evening the 6th inst After reporting
practice Mr H. J. Moor should have read his essay on " The
Future of the English Language," but as he was unfortunately
away on his holidays, (during whirh he paid Mr Pitman a visit
at the Phonetic Institute,) this could not be done. This paper
will therefore come in next quarter's programme. In order that
there should be no disappointment, however, Mr Harry Crowther
kindly sent us an interesting sketch of his visit to Bath and the
Phonetic Institute in July last, on his return from a lengthened
stay in Cornwall. A vote of thanks was passed unanimously for
Mr Crowther's kindness, and a pleasant evening was spent.

LIVERPOOL Shorthand Writers' Association. — The
weekly meetings of this Association will be resumed on Wednes-
day, iKt September; reporting practice will commence at eight
precisely. Minutes of the previous meeting and other business at
nine. On Wednesday, 8th September, the first of a series of pa-
pers on " Education " will be read by Mr D. Birrell ; criticism by
the members to follow each reading. Shorthand writers wishing
to join this Association should apply to the Secretary, T. McWean,
13 Everton road.



PHONOTYPY.

To the Editor of the " Chnmel Chronide.**

Dear Sir, — Perhaps you win kindly afford me space in your
Taluable journal for a few remarks in reference to the subject of
using Phonotypy as an aid to ordinary education. I desire to pre-
sent the following points for the consideration of those amongst
your readers who are interested in the education of the children
of the poorer classes : —

1. My advocacy of this system is confined to its introduction, as
a general rule, into the National Schools of the country. I admit
that children of the educated classes often learn to read with great
ease, and that they do not require the aid of Phonotypy to the
same extent as others. I myself am a ease in point of never re-
membering when I learned to read.

2. The causes which favor rapidity of learning in the case of
children of the well-to-do and educated classes are — (aj. From
earliest youth they are surrounded by picture alphabets, profusely
illustrated story-books, fairy tales, story-books, novels, etc., every-
thing to stimulate the curiosity of a child to master the difficulties
i|i the art of reading, f'bj. They have loving and constant aid
from those around them, who take a deep pride and gratification
in their progress. These influences do not exist in the case of the
children of the poor.

3. The latter have to receive their education in large schools,
where special attention cannot be devoted to them, but where they
must take their chance with probably large classes of other chil-
dren.

35



4. A close insight into the orthographic mechanism of the lan-
guage would ( onvrnce the most sceptical that its difficulties are
enormous^ and that the real task a child undertakes, in commencing
to learn tx) read, is to commit to ipemory almost every word in the
language— and that for every new word he sees he has no certainty
as to its proper pronunciation until he has been told it by someone
who already knows it.

6. In support of this last assertion let me point to the difficulties
that beset the child from the very commencement. He is given
no, to, lo, and do to learn. These are simple combinations of two
letters, and yet every second is a contradiction to the first. ** No **
and *' to " are pronounced differently, without either rhyme or
reason to account for it. This is the first step in destroymg the
child's reasoning powers and self-confidence. He commences to
depend altogether upon the master, and fears to hazard a guess,
lest he may be wrong and bring down upon his devoted head his
teacher's wrath. Thus he acquires a credit for stupidity which
does not really belong to his cnaracter. Should his memory fail
him as to the proper pronuneiation, and should he commence to
reason upon it, he is lost— for it may as well be one thing as
another. What are we to say, then, of the difEerent pronunciation
of the combination ough in bough, rough, though, tough, through f
or of the many ways of representing the sound I ? Thus — /, eye ;
y, as in rely ; t>, as in lie ; eigh, as in height ; i^h, as night ; hy,
as in rhyme ; ye, as in stye; uy, as in guy ; and t>, as in life — ten
ways in all, to represent one sound. Each of these methods are
but samples of a class of words so spelled \ similar examples could
be multiplied almost ad infinitum,

6. None but the most superficial thinkers could make light of
the orthographical difficulty, unless their words were spoken un-
thinkingly. It is, on the testimony of numerous teasers, and
on common sense grounds, the one great bugbear in the pathway
of education, which forces teachers to make reading and spelling
the chief subject in elementary education throughout the whole
course of a child's stay in the National Schools. In fact, the
Government pay for reading and spelling— the two most elemen-
tary branches of education — a ** result fee " throughout the whole
course of a child's stay at school, which, according to the tables
laid down, is supposed to extend over a period of nine years. The
total of these ** fees " amount, for each child who has passed
through tbe whole course, to the sum of Jbl 7#. This, I think,
may be taken as a fair test of the difficulties experienced at pres-
ent in making good readers and spellers of the children attending
the National Schools.

7. A very large propoftion of children at present leave school
after a sojourn of /our and a half years, without becoming fluent
readers or spellers— and this has occurred in schools where the
teachers are thoroughly trained, competent, and well paid in com-
parison with the majority of schools, and where the attendance of
children has been fairly regular ; therefore I think the result may
fairly be attributed, for the greater part, to^ur faulty orthography.

8. The better trained and paid the teachers we have, and the
more regular the attendance of the children at school, the greater
will be the success of the phonetic system as an aid to ordinary
education. In three years they will accomplish with ease what
it now takes five or six years* hard labor to accomplish.

9. The question is a simple matter of fact, to be dealt with by
experiment, and judged s<dely upon its merits r either it can or
cimnot accomplish what is claimed for it If it can, it ought to
be adopted \ — if not, of course condemned. Theoretical objections
become absurdities when levelled against accomplished facts,

10. Before the introduction of Phonotypy into the infant schools



Online LibrarySir Isaac PitmanPitman's journal of commercial education, Volume 34 → online text (page 82 of 132)