Sir Israel Gollancz William Shakespeare.

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Quaked, made to shudder; I. ix.

6.
Quarry, technically, game alive

or dead; here, a heap of dead;

(a hunting term); I. i. 208.
Quarter'd, slaughtered; I. i. 209.
Quired, sang in harmony; III.

ii. 113.

Rack'd, strained to the utmost;
V. i. 16.

Rakes, (i.) instruments for rak-
ing, (ii.) good for nothing
men; (used with play on
both senses of the word); I.
i. 25.

Rapt, enraptured; IV. v. 123.

Rapture, fit; II. i. 232.

Rascal, originally, a lean and
worthless deer; with play on
both meanings of the word;
I. i. 169.

Reason ="there is reason for
it" | IV. v. 254.

, argue for; V. iii. 176.

, converse; I. ix. 58.

Reasons, arguments; V. vi. 59.

Receipt; "his r.," that which he
received; I. i. 122.



Receive to heart, take to heart;

IV. iii. 23.
Reckless, thoughtless; III. i. 92.
Recommend, commit the task;

II. ii. 157.
Rectorship, guidance; II. iii.

219.
Reechy, dirty; (literally smoky) ;

II. i. 234.
Reek, vapor; IJI. iii. 121.
Rejourn, adjourn; II. i. 83.
Remains, it remains; II. iii. 153.
Remove, "for the r.," to raise

the siege; I. ii. 28.
Render, render up, give; I. ix.

34.
Repeal, recall from banishment;

IV. vii. 32.
Repetition, utterance, mention;

I. i. 49.
Report, reputation; II. i. 136.
, "give him good r.," speak

well of him; I. i. 35.
Request, asking the votes of

the people; II. iii. 156.
Require, ask; II. ii. 162.
Rest, stay; IV. i. 39.
Restitution,; "to hopeless r., M so

that there were no hope of

restitution; III. i. 16.
Retire, retreat; I. vL (direc.).
Rheum, tears; V. vi. 46.
Ridges horsed, ridges of house-
roofs with people sitting as-
tride of them; II. \. 236.
Ripe aptness, perfect readiness;

IV. iii. 25.
Road, inroad; III. i. 5.
Rome gates, the gates of Rome;

IV. v. 218.
RoTED, learned by rote; III. ii.

55.
Rub, impediment; a term taken

from the game of bowls; III.

i. 60.
Ruth, pity; I. i. 207.



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Glossary



Safe-guard; M on s* M under pro-
tection of a guard; III. L 9.

Sat, if there sat; III. iii. 70.

Save you, *. *. God save yon,
(a common form of saluta-
tion); IV. iv. 6.

Say, say on, speak; III. iii. 41.

Scabs, a term of extreme con-
tempt; here used quibblingly;

I. i. 176.

Scaling, weighing, comparing;

II. iii. 363.

Scandal'd, defamed; III. i. 44.

Scarr'd, wounded; IV. v. 116.

Scorn him, disdain to allow
him; III. i. 968.

Scotched, cut, hacked; IV. v.
201.

'Sdeath, a contraction of Qod'8
death, a favorite oath of
Queen Elisabeth; I. i. 227.

Season'd, "established and set-
tled by time, and made fa-
miliar to the people by long
use" (Johnson) ; 'Veil-ripen-
ed or matured and rendered
palatable to the people by
timsT (Wright); "qualified,
tempered" (Schmidt); III. iii.
64.

Seeking, request, demand; I. i.
198.

Seld-shown, seldom seen; II. i.
338.

Self; "Tarquin's self," Tarquin
himself; II. ii. 100.

Sennet, a particular set of notes
played on the cornet or
trumpet; II. i. 186-187.

Senable, sensitive; I. iii. 98.

Sensibly, endowed with feeling;
sensibility; I. iv. 53.

Servanted to, subject to; V. it
91.

Set down before % besiege us;
I. it 38.



Set on, incited, instigated; (?

go on!); III. i. 58.
Set up the bloody-flag, t. #.

declare war; (a red flag was

the signal for battle); II. i.

87.
Several, separate; IV. v. 139.
Sewing, embroidering; I. iii. 58.
Shall, shall go; III. i. 31.
Shall's, shall we go; IV. vi.

148.
Shame, be ashamed; II. ii. 73.
Shent, reproved, rated; V. ii.

106.
Shop, workshop; I. i. 143.
Should, would; II. iii. 37.
Show'd, would appear; IV. vi.

114,
Show'st, appearest; IV. v. 69.
Shrug, shrug the shoulders as

not believing the story; I. ix.

4.
Shunless, not to be shunned or

avoided; II. ii. 118.
Side, take sides with; I. i. 303.
Silence, silent one; II. i. 300.
Since that, since; III. ii. 50.
Single, insignificant, simple

(used quibblingly); II. i. 40.
Singly, by a single person; II.

ii. 93.
Singularity; "more than his s."

i. e. independently of his own

peculiar disposition; I. i. 388.
Sithence, since; III. i. 47.
Sits down, begins the siege; IV.

vii. 38.
Slight, insignificant; V. ii. 113.
Sughtness, trifling; III. i. 148.
Sup; "let s.," let loose; (a hunt-
ing term) ; I. vi. 39.
Small, clear and high; III. ii.

114.
Smote, struck at; III. i. 319.
Soft, gentle; III. it 83.
Soldier (trisyllabic); I. i. 136



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Solemness, gravity; I. iii. 104.
So made on, made so much of;

IV. v. 306.
So many so, as many as are so;

I. vi. 73.

Some certain, some; II. iii. 62.

Something, somewhat; II. i.
55.

Sometime, at one time, formerly;
IH. i. 115.

Sooth'd, flattered; II. ii. 79.

Soothing, flattery; I. ix. 44.

> flattering; III. i. 69.

Sort, manner; I. iii. 3.

South; "all the contagion of the
s. light on you," the south was
regarded as the quarter from
which diseases and noxious va-
pors came"; I. iv. 30.

Sowl, pull by the ears; IV. v.
318.

Speak, proclaim themselves; III.
ii. 41.

Speed, turn out; V. i. 61.

Spices, samples; IV. vii. 46.

Spirit (monosyllabic) ; II. i. 185.

Spot, figure, pattern; I. iii. 59.

Spritelt, lively; IV. v. 343.

Stain, eclipse; I. x. 18.

Stalest, make it stale; (Ff„
"scaWt")-, I. i. 101.

Stamp'd, given the impress of
truth to; V. ii. 33.

Stand, stop; V. vi. 138.

Stand to, uphold; III. i. 308.

, stand by; V. iii. 199.

Stand upon, insist upon; I. ix.
39.

Stand with, be consistent with;

II. iii. 95.

State, government; IV. iii. 11.

Stat upon, wait but for; V. iv.
8.

Steep Tarpeian death, death by
being hurled from the
Tarpeian rock; III. iii. 88.



Stem, the forepart of a ship; II.
ii. 113.

Sticks on, is fixed on like an
ornament; I. i. 381.

Stiff, obstinate (perhaps = un-
able to move); I. i. 351.

Still, always, constantly; II. i.
371.

Stitcher y, stitching, needlework;
I. iii. 79.

Stood, stood up in defense of;

IV. vL 45.

Stood to't, made a stand, stood
firm; IV. vi. 10.

Store; "good store," good quan-
tity; I. ix. 33.

Stout, proud? III. ii. 78.

Stoutness, pride; III. ii. 137.

Straight, straightway, imme-
diately; II. ii. 133.

Stretch it out, extending its
power to the utmost; II. ii. 57.

Stride, bestride; I. ix. 71.

Strucken, struck; IV. v. 157.

Stuck, hesitated; II. iii. 18.

Subdues, subjects him to punish-
ment; I. i. 185.

Subtle, smooth and deceptive;

V. ii. 30.

Sudden, hasty; II. iii. 365.

Sufferance, suffering; I. i. 33.

, endurance; "against all no-
ble s.," beyond the endurance
of the nobility; III. i. 34.

Suggest, prompt; II. i. 370.

Summon the town, t. e. to sur-
render; I. iv. 7.

Surcease, cease; III. ii. 131.

Surer; "no s.," no more to be
depended upon; I. i. 183.

Surety, be sureties for; III. i.
178.

Sway, bear sway; II. i. 339.

Swifter composition, making
terms more quickly; III. i. 3.

Sworn brother; people who had



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Glossary



taken an oath to share each
other's fortunes were called
f rat res jurati, sworn brothers;
II. iii. 107.

Ta'en forth, chosen, selected; I.
ix. 34.

Ta'en, note, noticed; IV. ii 10.

Tag, rabble; III. i. 948.

Taints, infects; IV. vii: 38.

Take in, subdue, capture; I. ii.
94.

Take up, cope with; III. i. 944.

Taken well, interviewed at a
favorable time; V. i. 50.

Tame, ineffectual; IV. vi 9.

Target, a small shield; IV. v.
197.

Tauntingly, mockingly, dispar-
agingly; (Ff. 1, "tauntingly 19 1
F. 9, 3, "tantingly")i I. L
190.

Temperance, moderation, self-
restraint; III. iii. 98.

Tent, probe; I. ix. 31.

, probe (verb) ; III. i. 936.

9 tent, encamp; III. ii. 116.

Tetter, infect with tetter, t. e.
eruption on the skin; III. L
79.

Than those, than she is to
those; I. v. 95.

That's, that has; II. ii. 85.

That's off, that is nothing to
the purpose; II. ii. 66.

Thou wilt, that thou wilt; IV.
v. 99.

Thread, file through singly; III.
i. 194.

Tiber, figurative for water; II.
i. 54.

Tiger-footed, tiger-like, ("hasten-
ing to seize its prey"); III. i
319.

Time, immediate present, present
time; II. i. 994.



Time, "the t." L e. the age in

which one lives; IV. vii. 50.
"Tib right, it is true, it is just

as you say; II. i. 961.
To, according to; I. iv. 57.

, compared to; II. i 135.

9 against; IV. v. 134.

9 "to his mother"=for his

mother; V. iii. 178.
Told, foretold; Li. 937.
Took, took effect, told; II. ii

114.
To's power, to the utmost of his

ability, as far as lay in his

power; II. i. 971.
To't, upon it; IV. ii 48.
Touch'd, tested, as' metal is

tested by the touchstone; II.

iii. 995.
Traducement, calumny; I. ix.

22.
Traitor, "their t," a traitor to

them; III. iii. 69.
Translate, transform; IX iii

903.
Transport, bear, carry; II. i

949.
Treaty, proposal tending to an

agreement; II. ii. 61.
Trick, trifle; IV. iv. 91.
Triton, Neptune's trumpeter;

III. i. 89.
Troth; "o' my V on my word;

(a slight oath) ; I. Hi. 66.

9 faith; IV. ii 49.

9 truth; IV. v. 900.

True purchasing, honest earn-
ing; II. i 169.
Trumpet, trumpeter; I. v. 4, 5.
Tuns, large casks; IV. v. 106.
Turn, put; III. i 984.
Twin, are like twins; IV. iv. 15.



Unactive, inactive; I. i 108.
Unbarb'd, sconce, unarmed,
bare, head; (sconce, used



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THE TRAGEDY OF



temptuously; Becket conj.

"imbarbed"; Nicholson conj.

"embarbed"); III. ii. 99.
Unborn; "all cause u.," no cause

existing; III. i. 199.
Undercrest, wear as on a crest;

I. ix. 72. -
Under fiends, fiends of hell; IV.

v. 99.
Ungravely, without dignity; II.

iii. 239.
Unhearts, disheartens; V. i. 49.
Unlike, unlikely; III. i. 48.
Unmeriting, as undeserving; II.

i 48.
Unproperly, improperly; V. iii.

54.
Unscann'd, inconsiderate; III. i.

313.
Unbeparable, inseparable; IV.

iv. 16.
Unsever'd, inseparable; III. ii.

42.
Upon, laid upon; III. ii. 141.
, on account of, in conse-
quence of; II. i. 253.

> against; III. iii. 47.

Used; "as 'twas used," as they

used to do; III. i. 114.
Ushers, forerunners; II. i. 182.

Vail, let fall, lower; III. i. 98.

Vantage, advantage, benefit; I.
i. 170.

; "v. of his anger," t. e. the

favorable opportunity which
his anger will afford; II. iii
274.

Variable, various, all kinds; II.
i. 237.

Vaward, vanguard; I. vi. 53.

Vent, get rid of; I. i. 235.

; "full of vent," keenly ex-
cited, full of pluck and cour-
age (a hunting term); IV. v.
244.



Verified, supported the credit
of (or, spoken the truth of);
V. ii. 17.

Vexation, anger, mortification;
III. iii. 140.

Viand, food; I. i. 109.

Virginal, maidenly; V. ii. 46.

Virgin'd it, been as a virgin; V.
iii. 48.

Virtue, valor, bravery; I. i 43.

Voice, vote (verb) ; II. iii. 248.

Voices, votes; II. U. 146.

'Voided, avoided; (Ff., "void-
ed"); IV. v. 89.

Vouches, attestations; II. iii.
130.

Vulgar station, standing room
among the crowd; II. i. 240.

Wail, bewail; IV. i. 26.
Want, am wanting in; I. iii. 94.
Warm at 's heart, i. e. he is

gratified; II. iii. 166.
Warrant, measures; III. i. 276.
War's garland, laurel wreath,

the emblem of glory; I. ix. 60.
Watch'd, kept guard; II. iii. 140.
Waved, would waver; II. ii 19.
Waving, bowing; III. ii. 77.
Waxed, grew, throve; (F. 2,

"wated"; Ff. 3, 4, "waited?');

II. ii 105.
Weal, good, welfare; I. i. 161.

> commonwealth; II. iii. 195.

Wealsmen, statesmen; II. i 61.
Weeds, garments; II. iii. 167.
Well-found, fortunately met

with; II. ii 50.
What, why; III. i 317.
, exclamation of impatience;

IV. i 14.
Wheel, make a circuit; I. vi. 19.
Where, whereas; I. i. 110.
Where against, against which;

IV. v. 114.
Which, who; I. i 197.



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Glossary



Whither, (monosyllabic) ; IV. L
34.

Who, he who; I. i. 186.

, whom; II. i. 8.

, which; III. U. 119.

Wholesome, suitable, reasonable;
II. iii. 69.

Whom, which; I. i. 274.

Wills; "as our good w.," accord-
ing to our best efforts; II. L
267.

Wind, advance indirectly, insin-
uate; III. iii. 65.

Win upon, gain advantage, get
the better of; (Grant White
conj. "win open") ; I. i. 230.

With, by; III. iii. 7.

Withal, with; III. i. 141.

With us, as we shall take ad-
vantage of it; III. iii. SO.

Wives, women; IV. iv. 5.

Woolex, coarsely clad; III. ii.
9.

Woolvish toge, "rough hirsute



gown" (Johnson) ; t?. Note; II.

iii. 128.
Word, pass-word, watch-word;

III. ii. 142.
Work, worn out; III. i. 6.
Worship, dignity, authority; III.

i. 141.
Worst in blood, in the worst

condition; I. i. 169.
Worth; "his w. of contraction,"

"his full quota or proportion

of contradiction" (Malone) ;

III. iii. 26.
Worthy; "is w. of," is deserving

of, deserves; III. i. 211.
— — > justifiable; III. i. 241.
Wot, know; IV. v. 173.
Wreak, vengeance; IV. v. 92.
Wrench up, screw up, exert; I.

viiL 11.

Yield, grant; II. ii. 60.

YOU MAY, YOU MAY, gO Oil, poke

your fun at me; II. iii. 41.
Youitoly, young; II. iii. 250.



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STUDY QUESTIONS
By Emma D. Sanfoed

GENERAL

1. What is the date of publication of this playp What
is the approximate date of composition? Give a reason.

2. Criticize the play as to its acting merits, its uni-
formity, and historical accuracy of customs. What nation
does it portray P

8. What was the undoubted source of the play and in
scene i how does the plot vary from the original? What
is the duration of the time of action on the stage and what
the actual historical time?

4. What is the theme of the play? Is it an exposition
of individualism or, a study of Roman civics?

ACT I

5. Why is the opening scene a strong one, dramatically?
Where is the first clue to the character, Caius Marcius?

6. Comment on the bearing of Menenius and on that of
Caius Marcius, towards the rabble. What fable does
Menenius employ to justify the conduct of the senators to
the plebeians, and how does he apply it?

7. In the comments (scene i) of the tribunes upon Mar-
cius, how do they characterize him?

8. In scene ii, what idea is brought out as to the rela-
tions of Marcius and Tullus Aufidius?

9. In scene iii, what typical Roman characteristic is re-
vealed in the discourse of Volumnia? How does Virgilia

^e in nobility of character?
194



CORIOLANUS Study Questions

10. How does Marcius address the retreating Roman
soldiers? What does the break in his speech indicate?

11. What opinion has Marcius of the spoils of war,
and wherein does it add to the reader's conception of his
character?

12. What duel takes place in scene viii and what is the
spirit of the two participants?

Id. In scene ix, explain the line "Here is the steed, we
the caparison."

14. How does Marcius accept the praise of the people
upon his victory? What name does he acquire as a result
of his conquest at Corioli?

15. Why do Sicinius and Brutus suffer Menenius to
scoff at their weaknesses, when they cannot endure the
ridicule of Coriolanus (scene i)? Where does Menenius
draw a character-sketch of himself?

act n

16. Why does Volumnia gloat oyer her son's wounds?
Descibe Coriolanus' greeting to his wife.

17. Why do Sicinius and Brutus plot to defeat the con-
sulship of Coriolanus, and how do they criticize his remarks
concerning his suit for the office?

18. How does the conversation of the two Officers (scene
ii) explain the unpopularity of Coriolanus among the
plebian people?

19. In his public suit for the consulship, is Coriolanus
possessed of modesty or, arrogance or, both? Give rea-
sons. What is the result of his suit?

act m

20. What uproar of the common people occurs in
scene i?

21. Upon what topic does Coriolanus continue to expos-
tulate, against the advice of Menenius?

22. What is the substance of Coriolanus' exhortation to
the Senators?

195

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Study Questions THE TRAGEDY OF

28. What influence has Menenius upon the crowd and
how does he avert a civil war?

24. Who prevails upon Coriolanus to humble himself
before the people and what is the policy recommended to
him?

25. In his promise to curry favor of the people, what
comparisons does Coriolanus make of his weakness?

26. What charges and what sentences does Brutus sug-
gest (scene iii) against Coriolanus?

27. What is the significance of Brutus' words just be-
fore the trial, "Put him (Coriolanus) to choler straight"?

28. What accusation makes Coriolanus forget that he
has promised to be mild in his speech? Is his anger justi-
fiable?

29. What sentence is finally given to Coriolanus?
What do his last words imply?

SO. Explain the several allusions to the Tarpeian rock.

act rv

81. How does Coriolanus make use of his mother's own
words to him, in his endeavor to reconcile her to his ban-
ishment?

32. How does scene i reveal the softer side of Coriolanus'
nature?

33. In scene ii, what change has come over Volumnia?

34. What is the dramatic value of scene iii?

35. What suggestion of humor is there in scene iv?

36. Whom does Coriolanus seek out in Antium and how
does he gain access to him?

87. What misrepresentation is Coriolanus guilty of, in
his narration of his banishment?

88. Explain his words, "make my misery serve thy
turn."

89. Is the alliance between Coriolanus and Aufidius a
purely ironical feature of the play? Does the servants'
conversation help to confirm this idea?

40. How are situations reversed in scene vi?

41. How do Cominius and Menenius lay the blame of
the impending catastrophe upon the two Tribunes?

196



CORIOLANUS Study Questions

42. In scene vii, what grievance has Aufidius in mind
against Coriolanus?

43. Select three passages in this scene which are involved
in their meaning.

act v

44. What success does Cominius meet with, upon his em-
bassy to Coriolanus?

45. In what two ways does Menenius hope to secure an
audience of Coriolanus?

46. What final expedient does Cominius suggest to win
over Coriolanus, and where, previously, in this play, was it
adopted?

47. To what extent, does Coriolanus carry his allegiance
to the Volscians (scene ii)?

48. What goddess is referred to in the words of Cori-
olanus, "the jealous queen of heaven" (scene iii)?

49. Does Volumnia prevail upon Coriolanus more
through her Roman prerogative as a mother or, by her
plea for justice to the Roman people?

50. What future use is Aufidius planning to make of
this scene?

51. What treachery does Aufidius practice on Coriolanus,
upon their return to Antium? Is this consistent with the
plot of the play?

52. What is the significance of Aufidius 9 addressing
Coriolanus as "Marcius" ?

58. What epithet rouses the anger of Coriolanus?

54. Explain "His fame folds in This orb o* the earth,"
lines 126-1^7, scene vi.

55. How does Coriolanus meet death?

56. To what overpowering trait does he owe his mis-
fortunes and death?

57. In line 155, scene vi, what is the meaning of "noble
memory"?

58. In this play, is it Shakespeare's purpose to descry
democracy and praise, aristocracy or, is his attitude an im-
partial one?

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