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THE CENTURY



ILLUSTRATED MONTHLY



MAGAZINE



VOL. LXVI

NEW SERIES, VOL. XLIV

MAY, 1903, TO OCTOBER, 1903



THE CENTURY CO., NEW YORK

MACMILLAN & CO. Ltd., LONDON



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2.1 6-^9



Copyright, 1903, by THE Century Co.

o ^r> I



THE DE VINNE PRESS



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INDEX



TO



THE CENTURY MAGAZINE

VOL. LXVI NEW SERIES: VOL. XLIV



Pacb
Animals. Sec " Game," " Horse," " Wolf."
Animals in British Parks.
An English Game-Park.

I. Sir Edmand Loder's Seat at Leonardslee, Sussex Joseph M. GUes^n 530

II- Foreign Animals at Leonardslee Charles K, Knight 535

Pictures by the authors.

Two British Game- Parks J. M, Gleeson 827

I. Powersconrt.
II. Drnromond Castle.
Pictures by the author
Antarctic, the. An Artist in Frank Wilbert Stokes, . .480, 521

Pictures, in color, by the author, and map.

Arnold, Thomas, the Younger William T, Arnold 115

Bas-relief portrait
Art. Sec *' Antarctic," "Cover," "Morocco," "Portraiture," "Sargent's," "Spanish."
AssiNiBoiNE, Mount, The First Ascent of James Outram 657

lectures from photographs.

Athletics for College Girls Alice Katharine Fallows, ... 58

Pictures by Charlotte Harding.

Babylon, The Founder of. See " Hammurabi."

Baby's Godmother, The Braybrook David Gray 414

Pictures by Urquhart Wilcox.

Bap Sloan's Pisgah Annie Fello^vs Johnston .... 730

* Pictures by George B. Waldo.

Berlin Bourse, The IVilliam C. Dreher 684

Pictures by Werner Zehme.

Bird, The Wild, by a New Approach Francis If. Herrick 858

Pictures from photographs by the author.

Blanc, Madaxie. See " Women."

Boss, The State, and How He may be Dethroned Z. F. C. Gan'in 310

Boston Public Library, The. See " Sargent's."

Boy, a, an Aunt, and a Rooster Torquil MacDonald. 800

Boy's Loves, A Edwin Z. Sabin 409

Pictures by Frederic Dorr Steele.

Cartoons E, Warde Blnisdell,

The Weather Prophet 160

Altruism 320

The Doctor : A Summer Cold 639

Anti-Trust 640



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iv INDEX

Pack

Family Resemblances 800

Trouble at the Sloths* 952

Well Trained Fredtric Dorr SteeU 480

Census, The W, R. Merriam,

Noteworthy Results of the Twelfth Census 712

Diagmms.

The Census in Foreign Countries 879

With map.

** Chills " R, E, Young 582

Pictures by Denman Fink.

Christian Science.

The Wanderings of a Bewildered Soul Amos R. Wells 479

Verses of Amos R. Wells W, D, McCrackan 950

Rejoinder by Mr. Wells Amos R. Wells 951

Chums Edwin Z. Sabin 261

Pictures by Frederic Dorr Steele.

Cities, Deserted, A Land of Howard Crosby Butler 217

Pictures from photographs by the author.

College Girls. See " Athletics."
Cover Designs.

August B, R, Campbell.

September Edward B. Edwards.

October J. C. Leyendecker.

Deacon, The, Talks about Lynch ings Charles Battell Loomis 317

Picture by Florence Scovel Shinn.

Diplomatic Life, My, Chapters from. First Mission to Ger- > ^ , ^ ,,„ .

- ' { Andrnv D. White 591, 785

many, 1879-1881 i DV 1 / 5

With iwrtraiL
Dragon, The Old Elizabeth Cherry Waltz 841

Picture by W. L. Jacobs.

Drought, The Elizabeth Cherry Waltz .... 101

Picture by W. L Jacobs.

D*Uzfes, THE Di'chesse, With the Hounds of Sterling Ileilig 869

Pictures from photographs.

Education, Commercial, The New Movement in Frank Waldo 798

Education Conferences, The Southern. See " Walk."

Emerson, Ralph Waldo. Engraved by Timothy Cole 66

Emerson, Our Lnheritance in Editorial 1 56

Emperor, When the, Prays for Rain Abigail Iletzel Fitch 697

Picture by Sydney Adamson.

Engineers, the, The Way of. A Story of the Upper Mississippi. Willis Gibson 904

Pictures by F. C. Yohn.

EXCHANGE.S, The Great, of the World.
The London :

Pictures I

The Berlin Bourse William C. Dreher 684

Pictures by Werner Zehme.

Executive, The Hampered Henry Loomis Nelson .. 140

Fair, The Hospital Edwin A, Dix 95 1

Farmers, Five Hundred W. S. Harwood. 98

Field Sports of To-day Dwight W. Huntington. $01, 890

Pictures by the author, including four in color, one printed as frontispiece.
See also " D'Uz^s " and " French."
Forest, the, The Conquest of Ray Stannard Baker 85

Pictures by Ernest L. Blumenschein.

Sffc also " Northwest " ^nd *' President's."



3n Stock Exchange < Henry Norman ) ^^^

1 by Andr< Castaigne. C G, C. Ashton Jonson S



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INDEX V

Pace

Forty-Horse-Power Stratagem, A Philip Verrill Migheh 471

French President, When the, Goes Hunting Andre Castaigne 801

Pictures by the author.

Game, Big, Pictures of. I. A Young Monarch. 11. Pumas in > , , „, „

e V rr. ttt a o • ^ \ Arthur WardU 899

Search of Prey. III. A Patriarch ) ^^

Title-fnge by F. C. Gordon, with a portrait of the author.

Sec also "Animals " and " Match."

Half-Truths Lauise Herrick Wall 159

Hammurabi ? Who was William Hayes Ward 454

Pictures from J. M^nant's " Pierres grav6es de la Haute- Asie" (Librairie Orientale et Am^ricaine: J. Mai-
sonneuve et E. Guilmoto, Paris) and other volumes.

•* HARff Work," The Cant about Editorial 949

Heroes in Black Ski ns Booker T, Washington 724

Portrait from bust by Leila Usher.

Her Who Loved Him Best of All, To Cyrus Taivnsend Brady. . . . 629

Horse, The, in America John Gilmer Speed 667

Pictures from paintings, prints, and photographs.

Hunting. See '' D'Uzds," " Field," " French."

Iowa, .-Vn Economic Experiment in. See ** Farmers."

Isabella Daznd Gray 511

Pictures by Urquhart Wilcox.

Joseph Eden Phillpotts 39

Jumna, the. The Sign of Hovier B. Hulbert 324

Pictures by Orson Lowell.

Kindergarten Idea, The Editorial 797

Leader, A Wise Editorial 796

Leo XIII, The Character of James^ Cardinal Gidbons,6^2, 793

Portrait from life by Andr^ Castaigne, and drawing by George T Tobin after photograph.

Leschetizky, Anecdotes of Comtesse Angele Potocka 933

Lhasa, the Forbidden City, New Li.ght on J, Deniker, 544

Introduction by W, Woodville Rockhill.

Pictures from photographs by Ush^ Narzunof.

Literature and Diplomacy Editorial 476

LONDON STOCK EXCHAKOE.TH. J ^'TwSX„,;« i ! l \ '"

Pictures by Andre Castaigne.

Lynching. See ** Deacon."

MacMonnies, Frederick, A Painting by Pauline Kipig 637

Mahmoud Pasha of the D. P. W Frederic Courtland Penfield , . 351

Pictures by Femand Lungren.

Marvels, A Place of : Yellowstone Park as It Now Is Ray Stannard Baker 481

Pictures by Ernest L. Blumenschein.
See also " Northwest."
Match Game, The Edwin L. Sabin 741

Pictures by Frederic Dorr Steele.

Memoranda Thomas Bailey Aldrich 614

Milk, Pure, A City's Campaign for Alice Katharine Fallows. . . 555

Pictures by Chariotte Harding.

Minister's Day's Work, The Howard A. Bridgman 635

Morocco, The Sultan of Arthur Schneider,

Pictures in color by the author.

1. With the Sultan of Morocco 3

With Introduction by Talcott Williams.

II. The Snltan of Morocco Journeys toward Fez 163

The Sultan of Morocco 316

MosQUiTOS. See ** Yellow Fever."



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vi INDEX

Pack
Musical Celebrities, Modern (Concluded from Vol, LXV) Hermann JClein.

With portraits and pictures.

II. Adelina Patti 44

III. Sir Augustus Harris, Impresario — Jean de Reszke, Tenor 268

IV. Sir Augustus Harris, MM. de Reszke, M. Lassalle, and others 461

Nature, The Ways of John Burroughs 294

Northwest, The Great liay Stannard Baker,

Pictures by Ernest L. Blumenschein.

The Conquest of the Forest 85

The Salmon-Fisheries 206

A Place of Marvels : Yellowstone Park as It Now Is 481

The Day of the Run ! ... 643

Object-Lesson, The Edith Elmer Wood 886

Old Maid's Corner, My (Concluded from Vol. LXV) LiUie Hamilton French.

Headpieces by Granville Smith.

V. Out of My Portfolio 80

VI. The Real Springtime for Me 303

" Pa Gladden " Stories Elizabeth Cherry Waltz,

Pictures by W. L. Jacobs.

The Drought loi

The White Turkey 285

The Tramp 604

The Redemption 702

The Old Dragon 841

Party Necessity a Party Snare Editorial 159

Peking, Diplomatic Life in. See ** Emperor" and " Princess.*'

Pel#.e, a Wonderful Change in Edmund Otis Hovey 757

Pictures from photographs by the author.

" Petty Larceny " Ruth McEnery Stuart 763

Pictures by A. B. Frost
Phil>«, The Destruction of Alonzo Clark Robinson 836

Pictures from photographs.

Political Corruption. See " Boss," ** Party," ** The Worse," " Words."

PoLlTiciANERS, OVERHAULING THE George S, Wasson 538

Pictures by Florence Scovcl Shinn.

Pooi^ The, in the Desert Mrs, Everard Cotes 67

Picture by Maurice Greiffenhagen.

Portraiture, American, Examples of.

IX. M. Georges Thesmar Frederick MacMonnies . . 529, 637

A Painting by Frederick MacMonnies Pauline King, 637

Premonitions Edwin Asa Dix 750

Pictures by Maude and Genevieve Cowles.

President, The. See " Executive."

President's Trip, The, and the Forests Editorial 634

Princess Pontioff Abigail Hetzel Fitch 247

Picture by Sydney Adamson.

Question of Valor, A Will N, Harben 443

Pictures by George B. Waldo.

Quicksand, In the Lnvis B, Miller 254

Pictures by Martin Justice.

Redemption, The Elizabeth Cherry Waltz 702

Red Tassels Margaret Sutton Briscoe .... 381

Pictures by A. B. Frost.

Robertson, the Preacher 316

Roosevelt, President Theodore.

The President's Trip and the Forests Editorial 634

The Hampered Executive Henry Loomis Nelson 140



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INDEX vii

Pace
Run, the, The Day of Ray Stannard Baker 643

Pictures by Ernest L. Blumenschein.

Sec also " Northwest."

Salmon-Fisheries, The Ray Stannard Baker 206

Pictures by Ernest L. Blumenschein.

See also " Northwest."
Sandy McKiver, Hero Herbert D, Ward 914

Pictures by George Varian.

Sargent's " Redemption " in the Boston Public Library ..... Sylvester Baxter 129

With reproductions of the paintings.

ScHoi^RLY Men IN America, The Careers of Edward Z. Thomdike 153

Scott, Sir Walter, Unpublished Letters by, to Mrs. Hughes.

Edited by Horace G, Hutchinson . , 424, 566

With Recollections of Mrs. Mary Anne Watts Hughes, grand- > ,.,.,,. _. ^. _. ,

,,«. ,, , «» » t> \ William Hastings Hughes . , 424

mother of Thomas Hughes > * * ^

With portraits, facumiles, etc

Signal Corps, The, in War-Time Bng.-GenU. A, W, Greely,

Pictures from photographs and drawings by Otto H. Bacher and George Chief Signal Officer [/. S. A. 8 II
Varian.

Siren, The John Luther Long 343

Spanish Hill Town, Stranded in a Thomas R. Dawley, Jr. 227

Pictures by Sebastian Cruset.

Spanish Masters, Old (Continued from previous volume) Timothy Cole.

Velasquez : The Menippus 322, 478

Story, A Lost Frank Norris 371

Picture by Christine S. Bredin.

Syria. See " Cities."

The Worse Things Become, The Longer They will Stay Bad. Editorial 314

Third, The Baroness von Hutten 308

Tramp, The Elizabeth Cherry Waltz 604

Turkey. See "Woman."

Turkey, The White Elizabeth Cherr)' Waltz.... 285

Picture by W. L Jacobs.

•• Walk-in-and-TalkIt-Over " Plan, The Editorial 475

Wanted : Another Wesley Editorial 633

Washington, Booker T. See " Heroes " and " Leader."

Wealth, Unavailing Eliot Gregory 241

Wells, Amos R., Verses of [on Christian Science] W, D. McCrackan 950

With Rejoinder by Amos R. Wells 951

Wesley, John.

John Wesley. Part I Prof. C. T. Winchester 389

Pictures by Katharine Kimball, Harry Fenn, and Arthur I. Keller, and portrait of Wesley after J. Williams.

Wesley's Days of Triumph (John Wesley : Part U) Prof, C. T. Winchester 492

Portrait of John Wesley, after the painting by Romney ; pictures by Harry Fenn, W. Hatherell, Katharine
KimbalL

Wanted : Another Wesley Editorial 633

Wolf, The Tasmanian i Charles R. Knight



Woman, The New, in Turkey Anna Bowman Dodd 925

Women, Notable. Madame Blanc (" Th. Bentzon *') Mrs. Fields 134

Picture from photograph.

Words Fitly Spoken Editorial 94^

Yellow Fever and Mosquitos Dr. L. O. Howard,

Pictures from drawings and photographs. Entomologist of the Dept. of Agriculture . . 85 1

Yellowstone Park as It Now Is. See '* Marvels."



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viii INDEX

Page

Yellow Van, The (Concluded from Vol. LXV) Richard WhiUing 31

Headpieces by Granville Smith. \^^% 36 1, 616, 777, 939

VoRiCK, Poor Thomas Baiiey Aldrich .... 710

YosEMiTE National Park. See " President's.*'

VERSE

Andr£ the Voyageur Francis Stcme Palmer 152

Anonymous, The Rupert Hughes 128

*' Behold, I Shew you a Mystery " Herman Knickerbocker Viele 850

Blackmail, The Payer of Richards M, Bradley 903

Border, Across the *. Sophie Jewett , 43

Creed, A Neighbor's Bliss Carman in

Dawn, Before Elsa Barker 100

Delay, A Song of Ethel Clifford 1 76

Dey 's All Got Sumpen Virginia Frazer Boyle 318

Drudge, The John Charles McNeill 826

Drummer, The Gouvemeur Morris 740

Expected ' Ethel M, Kelley 799

Fables, A Bali^de of Philip L. Allen 318

Face, The Old, Dear R. K. Crandall 57

Forest Greeting, The Paul Laurence Dunbar, ... 762

Frenchman, A, Cannot Always \V(iRK Francis Sterne Palmer 537

Friends with Life, At. A Summer Reverie Edwin Markham 323

Golf, To a Beginner at Amelia Avery Hall 159

Hoe Song, Plantation Ruth Mc Entry Stuart 479

Homesickness % Edith C. Banfield 510

Hour, The Hildegarde Hanothome 246

Immortal, The Louise Morgan Sill 520

Indigo-Bird, The John Burroughs 360

Decorations by Ernest Haskell.

IsEULT Deserted, Songs of Josephine Daskam 441

It *s a Careless Age, is Twenty- Five Walter Learned 478

Joe Edwin L. Sabin 480

Loiterland Clarence Vrmy 749

Love's Springtide Frank Dempster Sherman . . 240

Decoration by Alden Peirson.

LurioLi. In the Cascine, near Pisa Henry Tyrrell 543

Lyric Time Clinton Scollard 898

May, In hhn Burroughs 151

Melancholy Bard, Ballade of the Theodosia Garrison 319

Merry-go-Round, a Tudor Jenks 638

My Lady Fishes Frederick Getchell 640

Not His the Silence Marian Warner Wildman . . 453

Question, A Margaret Ridgely Schott. ... 319

St. Christopher, the Isle of. To G, Constant Lounsbery 878

Say Not Farewell Alice Archer Seu*all James . 776

Separation, In the Time of E, A, Hallowell 868

Statue, A. (To A. St. G.) Hildegarde Hawthorne 709

Storm John H. Boner 260

Swedish Girl, To a Little Augusta Kortrecht 478

Train-Time Beatrice Hanscom 319

Wanderings, The, of a Bewildered Soul Amos R. Wells 479

Wash-Day Ruth McEnery Stuart 638

What is the Spirit ? Katharine Lee Bates 655

Ve Laste Wylle and Testymknte of Hyr Trewe Luvyer William E. P, French 319



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^f\Vx\»r A<Vk^\^'t,



A sketch from life at the studio in the royal palace, Morocco city, by Arthur Schueider, 19c i

THE SULTAN OF MOROCCO, MULAI ABD-UL-AZIZ



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THE CENTURY MAGAZINE



Vol. LXVI



MAY, 1903



No. 1



WITH THE SULTAN OF MOROCCO



BY ARTHUR SCHNEIDER



WITH PICTURES BY THE AUTHOR



INTRODUCTION BY TALCOTT WILLIAMS



THE Sultan of Morocco, be he old or
young, lives in a seclusion, as far as
Europeans are concerned, common to
Oriental sovereigns. The etiquette which
surrounds him separates him even from
his own court. Secluded from all women
but those of his own harem, and without
social life, as it is known in the West, no
Oriental sovereign comes in contact with
ministers and their households. Mulai Abd-
ul-Aziz, the present Sultan of Morocco, has
been still further separated by his youth
and the anxious desire of those who ruled
through him to keep him apart from in-
trigue. For months together he did not
appear outside his citadel walls. He never
moved freely in the capital where he was
residing. He is still, even for European
envoys to his court, a man unknown.

The American artist whose account of
his experiences succeeds saw him daily



for some sixteen months, from November,
1900, to March, 1902. Their contact was
under the easy, intimate conditions which
reveal the man ; and it also shows the man-
ner in which the typical youthful Oriental
of a ruling caste and supreme power — his
father masterful, his mother the charm of
the harem — meets the revelation of the
West. The. accuracy of the portrayal will
be recognized by all who know the East.

The Sultan was at this time an unchal-
lenged ruler. He was still in his southern
capital, Morocco city, but all resistance
had vanished, and he had full control of
his entire empire. At the close of 1901
he transferred himself, his court, and his
forces from his southern to his northern
capital, Fez, a march which still further
assured his supremacy.

A host of diplomatic issues were settled,
not always with success to Morocco, but



Copyiight. 1903. by Thb CBNTURY Co. All rights reserved.



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THE CENTURY MAGAZINE



with stability for his throne. He established
closer and closer relations with the Eng-
lish legation, he was guided by English
influence and advice to many reforms, and



Fez stands on an elevated plain, and the
mountainous regions between it and the sea,
as well as the mountains to the east, are
dotted with the villages of semi-independent



w

V



^.



Druvvii by Arthur Schneider

A SOLDIER OF THE COURT



the execution of a progressive policy was
confidently predicted ; but in this work he
had estranged those with influence in the
cities, both officials and ecclesiastics, and
he had greatly weakened the reverence
with which he is regarded as the head of
Islam, the descendant and successor of
the prophet.



Berber tribes, fighting men all. The shock
that all good Moslems must feel at a sul-
tan keeping wild pigs in his palace yard,
albeit less in Morocco than it would be far-
ther East, was about that which would have
been caused by a medieval Catholic king
who habitually and flagrantly ate meat in
Lent and turned his back on the host.



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WITH THE SULTAN OF MOROCCO



Mr. Schneider's record has for readers
new gloss and interest now, since all that
he records has worked its sure result. The
tribes last autumn rose all about the north-
em capital. They rose between Fez and
the Atlantic, on the road to Rabat, between
Fez and the Mediterranean, about Tetuan
and east. In the great mountains about
Tesa, a very considerable place seventy
miles from the capital, all the tribes united
in insurrection.

The young pupil of the pages that follow
has for four months been facing the pos-
sibility of losing throne and life. The ac-
tual force in resistance was small. The
disaffection was general and wide-spread.
The leader of the tribes, Omar Zarhuni,
better known as Bou Hamara, literally
" father of the she ass," more nearly " don-
key-man," in November had organized a
royal state at Tesa, in December he de-
feated the column of two thousand men
sent against him, and by January his rude
camp was a few miles from Fez, watching
the main road north. In the early part of
February he was defeated by the Minister
of War, who figures frequently in this nar-
rative, but there remains the necessity of
penetrating the mountains in the spring
and subduing the rebels.

With the open chances all in favor of
the Sultan, there remain the serious risks
to which his reforms, the fanaticism of his



subjects, and his own lack of the masterful
qualities of his line have brought him.
The issue will probably be decided before
or soon after the following pages, which
hold the fullest account of him yet penned,
are read.

The Sultan has a mingled blood. His
great-grandmother was an Irishwoman,
wife of a Gibraltar corporal, who went from
barracks to harem. There are so many
negro women in the succession that his
father, Mulai-el-Hasan, had pronounced
negroid features. The original stem is
Arab, direct in the male line from Fatima,
daughter of the prophet, through a chain
of thirty-six lineal descendants, and on this
has been grafted a long line of Berber
marriages.

Mulai Abd-ul-Aziz's mother was a Cir-
cassian of Turkish residence and origin.
With this line, he became Sultan at
fourteen, and when his mother and the
vizir who made him Sultan died, he began
to walk alone, that vanished thing an
Oriental absolute prince playing an old
part that will end with him. Before he is
through with the pretty game of learning
to rule by ruling to learn, Morocco will
have gone the way of all other Moslem
realms, absorbed, controlled, or protected
by some European power. Either France
will include it, or Europe agree on a divi-
sion, or the empire be put into commission.



AN ARTISTS REMINISCENCES




RN the impenetrable gloom of a
moonless African night our stag-
gering animals brought us to the
Beb el Hamees— Thursday Gate
—of the city of Morocco.

At sunset all gates are closed, as a guard
against night attacks by rebel tribesmen;
but a sentry had been instructed to admit
me, and a soldier, sent by the governor
of the Kasbah to see these instructions
carried out, had joined us a few hours
before. - -

Riding up close to the gate, the man

banged the heavy portals repeatedly with

his rifle, and cried : " Booab ! Booab ! "

("Gateman!")

A grumbling sentry sleepily answered :



" Shkoon ? " (" Who ? ") like the weird cry
of an owl.

" Open, in the name of the Sultan ! "
commanded the soldier.

" Not until the coming of dawn," came
the echoing hoot.

The sham announcement that I was " El
t* beeb " (" the doctor") to his Majesty, and
must enter the city that night, met with
the same response. Arguments, entreaJU^s,
epithets, proved alike unavailing^. , - "*^

So inky was the night that only the white



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