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L. 8 mill.

Narrow, very similar (except in colour) to (7. ferruginei''
pennis. The head and thorax obscurely ssneous, very densely
punctate, punctures ocellate, hind angles of latter distinctly
turning outwards, without a carina, median canaliculation
feeble, angles brownish; the elytra brown, with a brassy
tinge, interstices punctulate and rugose, strias punctate, fine
and even ; the antennas black, rather long, serrate, and joints
lax, especially in male.

Hah. Miyanoshita. Four specimens.

Ludius niponenatSj sp. n.

LatuB, niger, nitidus, pube nigra ; thorace confertim punctate, linea
in medio laeyi; elytris tenuiter striatis, interstitiis confertim
punctatis ; antennis pedibusque nigris.

L. 20-22 mill.

Broad and robust, black, three basal joints of antenna
sometimes pitchy red, palpi and claws pale ; the head some-
what uneven, coarsely punctured, with an impression more or
less distinct between the eyes ; the thorax narrowest in front,
rounded off behind the anterior angles, then slightly and
gradually widening to the base, closely and evenly punctured,
with narrow smooth line down the centre; the scutellum
oblong, depressed anteriorly, sculptured like the interstices of
the elytra ; the elytra, strias uniformly not deeply impressed
nor visibly punctate, interstices closely punctured, with a
somewhat imbricated surface sculpture, and slightly convex,
base excavated round the scutellum.

The prostemal notch in the posterior process of the keel is
veiy conspicuous. The species is more robust than L. abruptusj

Digitized by VjOOQ IC

the Elateridss oftfapafi. 265

Say, but otherwise yerjr similar to it ; the latter, however,
has no smooth median Ime on the thorax.
Hob. Nikko and Sapporo. Three examples only.

Ludiua Candezei^ sp. n*

Ellipticus, elongatos, niger, pube bnmnea ; fronte utrinque antioe
angolato ; thoraoe carinis posticis obUquis ; elytris tenuiter
striatis, interstitiis punctulatu ; antennis pedibusqae piceo-nigris.

L. 24 mm.

Elliptical, elongate, black, with brown pubescence; an-
tennae and legs pitchy red; the head oblique at the sides
before the eyes, truncate before the epistoma, punctate, punc-
tures rather small and somewhat closely set ; the thorax
narrowest in front, gradually widening to base, very feebly
sinuous before the angles, carinas well raised and oblique, thus
leaving anteriorly a wide interstice, excavated transversely at
base ; the scutellum distinctly convex but nearly vertical ; the
elytra elongate, gradually narrowing to apex, feebly striate,
interstices punctulate and somewhat finely rugose; the
prostemal posterior process is very long and the notch is
close to the tip ; the antennas, terminal joint constricted, third
joint one third longer than the second.

I have onlv seen one example of this curious species. The
form of the wrehead and the oblique direction of the thoracic
carinas, the convex scutellum, and the length of the prostemal
process are very peculiar. I have much pleasure in naming it
after Dr. M. E. Gandfeze, the author of the ' Monograph on
the Elateridas ' and of the first memoir on the Japanese species.

Hob. Nagasaki.

Luditu Sieboldiiy Cand.
Ludku Sieboldii, Cand. M^m. Lidge, 1873, p. 27.

In this species the prostemal notch is not quite so con-
spicuous as m L. fenrugineusy L., but it is well-marked (see
fig. 3, i , coxal cavity).

Hab. Nagasaki, Kob^, and Sapporo. Twenty examples.
Ann. & Mag. N. Hist. Ser. 6. Vol xiii. 18

Digitized by VjOOQ IC

266 On the Elateridse of Japan.

Grigmus plebeftta.
Ludtus pl^'us, Cond. M^m. Lidge, 1878, p. 28.

Dr. Cand^ze included Grigmus in Ludtus ; but the fonn of
the posterior prostemal process in Ludtus (type L. ferru"
gtneus, L.) will not permit this. In Grigmus (type (7. Aepa-
ticuSy Germ.) the prostemal process descends immediately
behind the coxae, and in Ludtus it extends horizontally
for about half the distance and is then abruptly notched and
continued on a lower plane, and this is the case in all true
Ludii. In Grigmus also the terminal joint of the antennas is
not contracted at the apex, and in G. junior and linteatus it
is very elongate. G. pleb^us is very similar to G. hepaticus,
especially in the elytral sculpture.

Hab. Nagasaki, Ashiwo, and Sapporo.

Grigmus Junior*
Ludtu8 junior, Cand. M^m. Lidge^ 1873, p. 27.

I give a figure showing the outline of the prostemal keel
viewed sideways (fig. 4, t , coxal cavity). The great length
of the antennas in the male is a distinctive character in this

Hab. Yuyama, Ichiuchi, Kashiwagi, and Sapporo.

Grigmus linteatus.
Ludim linteatus, Cand. M^m. Lidge, 1873, p. 28.
Hah. Kobd. Two examples found on Maiyasan in 1871.

Serious sericariusy Motsch.
Dolerosoma?, Motsch. Bull Mosc. 1866, p. 166.

The author says this species is similar to D. humeralisj
Motsch., but larger; the elytral striae are crenulate; it
measures 8 miliim. I have not seen any insect which
answers to the description he gives, unless it is Silesis mus*
culusy Cand.

[To be continued.]

Digitized by


A Month on the Trondhjem Fiord. 267

XXIX. — A Month on the Trondhjem Fiord.

By the Bev. Canon Norman, M.A., D.C.L., F.R.S., &c.

[Continued from p. 164.]

[Plate Xn.]

[The reader is requested to make the following corrections in
the preceding Table of Distribution : —

P. 162, for Heteromysis read Hemimysis.
„ for Chiromysis read Heteromysis.
P. 163. The S in column 14 should be opposite EudoreUa truncattUa

instead of £. emargirueta,
P. 164, column 13. Put N instead of P opposite Campylaspis costata.']

This Table of Distribution of the Higher Crustacea of
Norwajr contains one hundred and serenty-eight species.
The distribution of these species may be summed up as
follows : —

Species which occur both to the north and to the south

of Norway 80

Species known only to the north of Norway 19

Species known only to the south of Norway 104

Species here recoroed only as Norwegian 26


But of these last twenty-five species Byihocaria Payeri^
Heller^ has a wide distribution in the great depths of the cold
area of the North Atlantic, and Euphaima pelliundaj Dana,
is an oceanic form with world-wide distribution ; and although
this species is not marked in the Mediterranean column, it
should hare been so^ since Euphausia MUlleriy Claus, is a

Deducting these two species, we have twenty-three re-
maining which are as yet unknown beyond the Norwegian

Of the 178 Norwegian species, 121 are known in British
seas and 57 reach the Mediterranean, while 44 occur on
the N.E. coast of North America. A study of the table will
show that the species common to Norwaj^ and N.E. America
are, with the exception of Carcinus mcenaa^ Eupagurua
BemharduSj and Grangon vulgaris^ either Arctic or deep-
water forms.

The Isopoda of Norway diflfer in general character from
those of the British sea by the fact that the family Sphs^ro-
midae is only represented by the single species Limnoria
lignorum] this family is altogether unknown in the Arctic
seas, and in Denmark only two forms occur, Limnoria
Ugnorum and Sphceroma rugicauda. On the other hand, the

Digitized by VjOOQ IC

268 Kev. Canon Norman — A Month on

families Tanaidas, Munnidas, and Munnopsidaa are largely
represented in Norway; the first of these has been little
studied in our own seas, while the two latter families are
lovers of a soft muddy bottom and, for the most part, of a
considerable depth of water, conditions rarely met with on or
off our coasts; but there can be no doubt that our fauna
will hereafter be enriched by many additions in these three
interesting groups.

The Norwegian seas are very rich in Amphipoda. and here
again many groups are more largely represented than in
British seas on account of the greater depth of water and
the nature of the bottom of the fiords ; but there can be
no question that the much larger number of Amphipods
known in Norway as compared with the British fauna
is due in no small degree to the fact that the Norwegian
Amphipoda have been more thoroughly studied than the
British. The following is a comparative statement of the
number of Amphipoda at present known in Norway,
Denmark, Britain, and the Mediterranean; the species of
Norway are from Sars and Boeck, those of Denmark are
taken from Meinert's works, those of Britain are from my
own computation (including some unrecorded species), those
of the Mediterranean are on the authority of Claus, Delia
Valle, and Mayer.






Hyperina . . .





Gammarina .

. 338




.. 17 (P)




369 113 236 143

When we pass to the consideration of the Entomostraca^
we find that these, with the exception of one group, have
been more studied and are better known in the British fauna
and in that of the Mediterranean than in Scandinavia. With
respe<jt to Copepoda of the latter country the only papers
we have are those of Boeck, published many years ago.
The Ostracoda of the Norwegian seas have, however, been
worked at both by Professor G. O. Sars and myself. One
hundred and eighteen species of marine Ostracoda are now
known from that coast * and one hundred and forty-six from
our own t*

♦ Norman (A. M.), "Notes on the Marine Crustacea Ostracoda of
Norway," Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 6, vol. vii. 1891, p. 108.

t Norman and Brady, " Mon. Marine and Freshwater Ostracoda of the
North Atlantic and North-western Europe," Section I., Podocopa, Trans.
Roy. Dublin Soc. ser, 2, vol. iv. 1889, p. 63. To the species of Podocopa
there enumerated are added those of the other sections of the group.

Digitized by VjOOQ IC

the Trondhjem Ficrrd. 269


1. Portunus depuratOTy Linn.

One small specimen, Trondhjem.


2. Eupoffurus pubeacensy Kr5yer.
Trondhjem and Rodberg.

3. Oalaihea strigosa, Linn.

Two yonng examples, Laminarian zone, Rddberg.

Professor M. Sars found this species as far north as the
North Cape (* Oversigt over de i den Norsk- arctiske Region
forekommende Krebs^r,' 1858).

4. Oalaihodea tridentatvsj Esmark.

? 1862. Galathea serricomis, Lov6n, (Efv. Vet.-AJrad. p. 22 (P junior).
1856. Galathea tridentata, Esmark, Skand. Naturf. Mote^ p. 239.
1882. Galathodes tridentata, G. 0. Sars, " Oversigt af Norges Crusta-

ceer, I.," Vidensk.-Selsk. Forhand. Christ, p. 48 (separate copy),

pi. i fig. 8.

On the precipices at Rodberg down to 300 fathoms, as
well as in similar localities in Kors and Hardanger Fiords.

This species would seem to feed on Lophohelia proltfera.
It is usually found clinging to that coral or met with in its
immediate neighbourhood.


5. Calocaria MacandrecBy Bell.

In 150-300 fathoms, Trondhjfem and Rodberg ; also Oster
Fiord, near Bergen, 400 fathoms, and off Batalden, near
Floro, 200-300 fathoms.

6. Cheraphilus nanus, Krdyer.

Trondhjem, 150 fathoms.

This is Grangon hispinosusy Westwood.

7. Pontophilusy sp.

I did not find any mature specimen of this genus, but an
example occurred m the postlarval stage (see G. O. Sars,
"Bidrag til Kundskaben om Decapodemes Forvandlinger,
III. Fam. Crangonidae," Archiv f . Mathem. og Naturv. 1890,
pL ir. figs. 19, 20), in which the telson and second leg are as

Digitized by VjOOQ IC

270 Rev. Canon Norman — A Month on

figitred by Sars, while the carapace has two dorsal spines, a
rostrum as long as the eye, and traces of lateral carinae.

8. Spirontocaria polaris^ Sabine.

1824. AJphem polaris, Sabine, Supp. to Appendix of Parry's Voyage,

p. 288, pL ii. figs. 6-8.
1848. Hippolyte polaris^ KrSyer, Monog. Fremst. af Hippolyte's

Nordiske Arter, p. 824, pi. iii. figs. 78-81, pi. iv. \, 82, $ .
1848. HippolyU borealis, id. ibid. p. 830, pi. lii. figs. 74-77, <^ .
1885. Hippolyte borealis^ Owen, in Append. Ross's Second Voyage,

p.84jpl.B. fig. 8, <^.
1867. Jatppolyte culteUata, Norman, '' Report Exploring Coasts of

Hebrides," Brit. Assoc. Report, 1866, p. 200.
1869. Hippolyte cuttdlata^ Norman, '' Last Report Dredging Shetland,"

Brit. Assoc. Report, 1868, p. 265.
1879. Hippohfte pdaria, S. I. Smith, " Stalk-eyed Crustaceans Atlantic

Coast of N; America," Trans. Connect A<»d. vol. v. p. 80, pi. xi.

figs. 1-4.

Trondhjem and Bddberg, 40-300 fathoms. I have the
species also in my collection from Hardanger Fiord, oflTLervig,
and in Stoksund ; Norddals Fiord, Floro ; Svolveer, Lofoten
Islands; Varanger and Bog Fiords, East Finmark; from
the Minch and off Shetland : all dredged by myself. Also
from Greenland (^Valorous' Exped.) ; lat. eO"" 14' N., long.
4° 30^ W., 290 fathoms {^Porcupine,' 1869, Stat 78) ; and off
Halifax, N.E. America {8. L Smith).

9. 8p%rontocar%8 securijrons^ Norman.

Trondhjem, 150 fathoms.

This is a much more common species than 8. spinusj Sow.
In British seas the latter is very rare ; the former I have
from Northumberland and Durham coasts, Shetland, the
Minch, Loch Fyne, Firth of Clyde, &c. in our own seas ;
from most of the fiords in which I have dredged in West
Norway and Finmark; also from Tromso (/. Sparre Schneider) ^
and off Salem, Massachusetts Bay, 90 fathoms {8. I. Smith),

10. Spirontocaris pusiohj Kroyer.
Rodberg, 3-10 fathoms.

11. Bythocaria simplidrostrisj G. O. Sars. (PI. XII. fig. 1.)

1869. Bythocaris simpliciroitrisj G. 0. Sars, " Nye Dybvandscrastaceer
fra Lofoten" (Vidensk.-Selsk. Forhand. Christ. 1869), p. 6 (separate

For generic characters see G. 0. Sars, * Den Norske Nord-
havs Exped, Crustaceer,' 1885, p. 26, Five species of the

Digitized by VjOOQ IC

the Trondhjem Fiord. 271

genus have been described— 5. Panschity Bucholz •, B. Bay-
eriy Heller f, B. leucopisy G. O. Sars t, and B. nanay S. I.
Smith § ; and the present species, which is the type of the

Byihooaris simpltctroBtris appears to be extremely rare.
I dredged two specimens in 250-300 fathoms, RSdberg.
Sars described the species from a single female dredged in
250 fathoms, Lofoten Islands. Two mutilated examples
were taken by the Norwegian North-Atlantic Expedition,
one between Finmark and Sear Island in 191 fathoms, the
other west of Spitzbergen in 416 fathoms.

B. simpliciroatrts is distinguished from the more recently
described species by the following characters : —

Carapace with only a very slight central carina, suddenly
terminated anteriorly in a notch and armed with a spine.
Frontal area considerably projecting ; middle spine-process
(rostrum) subulate, round, smooth, acute, extending forwards
to beyond the middle of the basal joint of the antennules, and
longer than the long eyes ; the flanking lateral spine-processes
acute and well-developed, about one third the leneth of the
central. Ejres well developed, on long peduncles, when
laterally projected extending beyond the sides of the carapace.
Scale of antennae of great size, as long as the entire carapace
and three times as long as its own greatest breadth ; apically
weU rounded and greatly overtopping the spine-process of the
outer margin. Telson slightly emarginate at the extremity.

12. Gryptocheles pygmceay G. 0. Sars. (PL XII. figs. 2-5.)

1869. Oryptochdes pygmaa, G. 0. Sars, " Nve Dybvandscrustaceer fra
Lofoten " (Vidensk.-Seyj. Forhand.), p. 6 (separate copy).

Rodberg^ on the precipices, in 150-250 fathoms. I have
also dredged it in 200 fathoms near Lervig, on the Hardanger
Fiord. Sars's types were from the Lofoten Islands in 120-
300 fathoms ; he has also procured it at Hesthammer^ in the
Hardanger Fiord, in 10(>-150 fathoms, and it was dredged
by the Norwegian North- Atlantic Expedition at the mouth
of the Sogne Fiord, in 200 fathoms. It has as yet only been
found on the Norwegian coast.

* Hippchde Patuchiu Bucholz, Die zweite Deutsche NordpolarfiEihrt,
1869 und 1870, vol. ii. 1874, p. 277, pi. i. fig. 1.

t Hipnolyte Payeri, Heller, Oustaceen, F^^cnogoniden, und Tunicaten
CEsterr.-Ungar. Nordpol-Exped. p. 2, pi. i. %8. 1-4.

X Byihooaris leucopis, G. 0. Sars, Den Norske Nordhavs-Exped. 1876-
78, Crustacea, I., 1886, p. 27, 5I. iii. figs. 1-26.

§ Bythocaris nana, S. I. Smith, " Report DecajKKl * /rustacea < Alba-
tross,' 1884,*' Annual Kep. Comm. Fish and Fisheries, 1885, p. 56 (sepa-
rate copy), pL xii. fig. 2.

Digitized by


272 Rev. Canon Norman — A Month on

Tbis is probably the smallest Macrnran known^ measuring
only about 13 milHm. long.

Outer maxillipeds (fig. 4) strongly developed^ with a small
palp at the base, last joint longer than penultimate, on the
anterior side furnished with semiverticils of set®, extremity
terminating in a very strong triangular spine, at the base
of which is projected to about one third of its length a
dentated lobe. First feet very short (fig. 6), hand greatly
elongated, nearly twice the length of the wrist, attenuated
dist£uly, the finger and thumb extremely small and weak.
Second feet slender and weak ; wrist longer than the anterior
portion of limb, composed of seven articulations ; hand very
minute and the chela so small that it can only be seen when
the limb is mounted and microscopically examined. Re-
maining feet simple. The front portion of the carapace is
dorsally keeled and spined, spines about four; rostrum
(fig. 3) about half as long as the carapace, nearly horizontal,
narrow, above with " 8-12 " spines, beneath unarmed, except
sometimes a small tooth at the apex. No spine over the eye,
but three minute spines below. Antenna! scale elongated,
rhomboidal, with a spine about the middle of the outer
margin. Epimera of first three segments of pleon very
large in the female, especially the second. Tewon shorter
than uropods, elongated-ovate, with numerous spines on the
sides, distally truncate, and furnished with six spines.
^^ Branchiffi utrinque 5 structura singulari, laminas formantes
ovatas in superficie modo exteriore plicas 4-7 ut rudimenta
foliolorum prsebentes; branchia posterior ceteris major et
forma subreniformi " (G. 0. Bars).

Both Bythocaris and Cryptochelea have only a few ova,
and these are very large ; ana G. O. Sars has recorded that
in these genera the young issue from the egg with the full
complement of limbs, and do not undergo any metamorphosis
subsequently. Thus these genera differ from all shallow-
water Macrura. In most deep-water Macrura the eggs are
few and large, and it is probable therefore that the develop-
ment is similar in character to that of Bythocaris and
Cryptochelea. [Notes by Prof. S. I. Smith on tie large size
of the Cjggs of abyssal Crustacea will be found in papers
printed in Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 5, vol. xiv. 1884,
p. 183 ; " Report Decapod Crustacea * Albatross ' Dredgings,
1884," in Ann. Rep. Comm. Fish and Fisheries, 1885 (1886),
p. 13 (separate copy) ; Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 5,
vol. xvii. 1886, p. 197.]

13. Pandalua brevirostris^ Rathke.
Rodberg, 150 fathoms.

Digitized by


the Trondhjem Fiord. 278

Two specimens, both presenting peculiarities. One is more
slender in form than usual and has the rostrum less deep and
much longer, equal to twice the length of the eye ; it bears
ten teeth abore, of which six are articulated on the carapace
and two are situated beyond the extremity of the eye ; there
is usually a cilium in front of each tooth of the carapace, but
in this specimen it is absent ; there are three teeth on the
underside of the rostrum of larger size than usual. The
second specimen has the rostrum somewhat shorter, with
eight teeth above of which five are on the carapace, and four
below, the two proximal of which are of good size and at
some distance from the extremity.

14. Caridion Oardoniy Bate.
Rodberg, 150 fathoms.

15. Pasiphcea tarda^ KrSyer.

1845. Fasiphae tarda, Eroyer, Natuihist. Tidak. Anden Raekkes, vol. i.

p. 463.
1844? PastpJusa tarda, Kroyer, Voyage en Skandinavie &c. pi. vi.

fijrs. A, B, a-o».
1868. Pasiphae narvegica, M. Sars, Bidrag til Kunds. om Christiania-

fjordensTaima, p. 42, pis. iv. and v. figs. 6d-90.
1882. Pasiphae tarda, G. 0. Sars, " Overs, af Norges Crustaceer, I."

(Vidensk.-Selsk. Forhand. Christ.), p. 42 (separate copy).

A single specimen oflf R5dberg in about 300 fathoms.

The chief points which distinguish this species from P. w-
vadoy our Bntish species, are that the telson is cleft at the
extremity and that there is no spine over its base on the
hinder margin of the preceding segment. The segments are
also strongly keeled dorsally.

Both P. aivado and P. tarda are usually found in depths
exceeding 80 fathoms ; but on one occasion, about fortv years
ago, I found the former in enormous quantities in stake-nets
which had been set between tide-marks at Clevedon, Somer-
set ; and these could not have temporarily come out of deep
water, since the whole of the Bristol Channel is shallow.


Descriptions and admirable figures of the following Schizo-

S>ds will be found in G. O. Sars's " Monog. over de ved
orges Kyster forekommende Mysider," and descriptions of
such as are found in Britain in my paper on British Mysidae
in Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. vi. vol. x. 1892.

* The generic name in the Voyage en Scand. is spelt Pa»iph€ea, and
this is the spelling of Savigny, who instituted the genus.

Digitized by


274 Rev. Canon Norman— -4 Month on

16. BoreomystB tridenSy G. O. Sars.

In 3-300 fathoms, Trondhjem and R5dber^. Some young
examples were taken among Laminarice m veiy shallow
water, but close at hand there was a precipice descending to
250 fathoms.

17. Eryihrops mtcrophthalma, G. O. Sars.

A single Bpecimen off Trondhjem, in 150 fathoms.

18. Parerythrops ahyssicolaj G. O. Sars.

In considerable numbers, Rodberg, 250-300 fathoms.

19. Mysidopsis didelphys^ Norman.

Trondhjem^ between Munkholmen and the harbour.

20. Pseudomma roseum^ G. O. Sars.

Among Lophohelia and Alcyonarians on the precipices and
on the bottom of the fiord, Rodberg.

21. Pseudomma affine^ G. 0. Sars.
One only, 250-300 fathoms, R5dberg.

22. Mysideia insignisy G. O. Sars.
Rodberg, 150 fathoms, one only.

23. Hemimysis abysatcolay G. 0. Sars.
Rddberg, 250-300 fathoms, abundant

24. Macromysis inermisj Rathke.
Trondhjem and Rddberg, 3-5 fathoms.

25. Schiatomysia omatay G. O. Sars.
R5dberg, 3-5 fathoms.


I do not in the following list give reference to such species
as are described in G. 0. Sars's paper " Om den aberrannte
Krebsdyrgruppe Cumacea og den Norske Arter " ( Vidensk.-
Selsk. Forhand. 1864) except when other papers contain
figures of the species.

26. Lampropa faaciatay G. O. Sars.

One specimen in 1 fathom, west bay at Trondhjem.

Digitized by


the Trondhjem Fiord. 275

27. HemiJampropB rosea^ Nonnan.

1863. Vawithompsonia rosea, Noraian, Trans. Tyneside Nat. Field-
Club, vol. V. p. 251, pi. xiii. figs. 1-3, J .
1863. Cyrianasm elegam^ id. ibid. p. 275, pi. xiv. figs. 1-6, S*

Specimens here and there in 15-150 fathoms, Trondhjem
and Rddberg.

28. Hemtlamprops cristata, G. O. Sars.

1860. Zanwrops cristata, Q. 0. Sars, "Nye Dybvandscrustaceer fira
Lofoten'' (Videnslc-Selsk. Forhand.), p. 13 (separate copy).

Four specimens, 150-300 fathoms, Trondhjem and Rodberg.

29. Leucon nasictis^ Kroyer.

Leucon nasica, Kroyer, Voyage en Skand. &c. pi. iii. fig. 3, a-o.
In 20-150 fathoms, Trondhjem and Rodberg.

30. Leucon paUtduSy G. 0. Sars.
Rodberg, 40-300 fathoms.

31. Leucon acutirostrisj G. 0. Sars.
Rddberg, 150-300 fathoms.

32. Eudorella truncatula, Bate.

1856. Eudora truncatula, Bate, " On British Diastylidee,*' Ann. & Mag.

Nat Hist. ser. 2, vol. xvii. p. 457, pi. xiv. fig. 3.
1871. Eudorella truncaiula, Q. O. Sars, « Besk. af * Josephines ' Ex-

ped. fundne Cumaceer," Kong. Svenska Vetensk.-AKad. Hand.

voL ix. pL xviii. &g, 99.

Rodberg and Trondhjem, 20-300 fathoms.

33. Eudorella emarginataj Kroyer.

1844 P Leucon emarginatus, Kroyer, Voyage en Scand. &c. pL v.

1863. dyrianassa ciliata, Norman, Trans. Tyneside Nat. Field-Club,

vol. V. p. 273, pi. xiii. figs. 4-9, rf .
1871. Eudorella emarginata, G. 0. Sars, " Besk. af ' Josephines ' Exped.

fimdne Camaceer,'^ Kong. Svenska Veten8k.-Akad. Hand. vol. ix.

pi. xvii. ^, 98.

Common, 40-300 fathoms^ Trondhjem and Rddberg.

34. Eudorella hirsiUay G. 9. Sars.

1869. Eudora hirmta. G. 0. Sars, Undersogelser over Christiania-

fiordens Dybvandsfaona, p. 43.
1871. Eudorella hirwta. G. O. Sars, "Besk. af 'Josephmes' Exped.

fundne Gumaceer/' Kong. Sven^a Veteusk.-Akad. Hand, vol ix,

pi. xvii. fig. 100.

A single specimen, Rodberg, 250-300 fathoms.

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