Solomon Lincoln.

History of the town of Hingham, Plymouth County, Massachusetts online

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cant, and for a great part of his life a deacon of the
church. He never shunned an avowal of his belief, nor
feared to appear what he was, nor permitted the reality
of his convictions to remain in doubt. The person and
air of General Lincoln betokened his military vocation.
He was of a middle height and erect, broad chested and
muscular, in his latter years corpulent, with open intel-
ligent features, a venerable and benign aspect. His
manners were easy and unaffected, but courteous and

* The above sketch of the services and character of Gen. Lincohi
is principally abridged from histories of the revolution, Mass. His.
Collections and Tbacher's Militarv Journal.



It is perhaps an object of curiosity and amusement,
rather than of instruction, to trace the history of families,
and the numerous branches of successive generations to
their common origin. There is an interest however, in
ascertaining the connecting links which bind us to an an-
cestry whose virtues are worthy of imitation, and whose
principles should be cherished and cultivated by their
posterity. These remarks apply to many of the early
settlers of Hingham ; and it would have been an agreeable
employment to have searched among the monuments of
our ancestors, and to have gathered more of the fleeting
traditions of our aged fathers, relating to the character
and services of those who laid the foundations of our civil
and social priviliges, as well as of our religious liberties.

The number of the early settlers of Hingham, of the
name of Lincoln, and the fact, that all of this name scat-
tered in almost every state in the Union, originated from
this village, induces me to give all the information which
I have collected relating to them, that others may fill up
the outlines and arrange for their own gratification some
sketch of their respective ancestors.

The first record which can be found of the arrival in
this country of a person by the name of Lincoln, is in the
manuscripts of Daniel Gushing. It is as follows :

'' 1633. Nicholas Jacob, with his wife and two child-


ren and their cousin Tho3ias Lincoln, weaver, came from
old Hingham and settled in this Hingham." His grant
of a house lot was made by the town in 1636. It was sit-
uated on the south side of the " Town street," now South
street. He was married twice ; his first wife, Susanna,
died in 1641 ; he married Mary Chubbuck, in 1663 ; he
died September 2, 1675, leaving no children, and his wife
surviving. From a copy of his will in my possession, it
appears that he gave the largest portion of his estate to
the children of his brother Samuel. Of the arrival of
Samuel Lincoln in this country, there is the following
record in Cushing's MSS. : '^ 1637. John Tower and
Samuel Lincoln came from old Hingham, and both set-
tled at new Hingham ; Samuel Lincoln living some time
at Salem." His children were Samuel, Daniel, Morde-
cai, Mary, Thomas, Martha, Sarah, and Rebecca. Of
this family, Samuel (styled the carpenter,) married Deb^.
orah Hersey, daughter of William Hersey, (ancestor of
Drs. Ezekiel and Abner Hersey.) Their children were
Deborah, Samuel, Jedidiah, Mary, Rebecca, Elisha, Ly-
dia, Abigail and Susanna. Of these children, Samuel
had sons, Samuel and Jonathan ; Samuel the father of
Seth, h.c. now living ; and Jonathan father of Ezekiel,
Beza, &tc. now living. Jedidiah (a glazier,) married
Bethiah Whiton, and after her decease Mrs. Barker re-
lict of Capt. Francis Barker. Jedidiah died in the 91st
year of his age. The children of Jedidiah and Bethiah,
were Jedidiah, Enoch, Mary, William and Levi. Jedi-
diah, Enoch and William only, lived to manhood. Jedi-
diah was a respectable citizen, sometimes an assessor,
selectman, Scc. Enoch married Rachel Fearing, and af-
ter her decease, Lydia Ripley relict of Nehemiah Ripley
and daughter of Rev. Nehemiah Hobart of Cohasset.
Enoch Lincoln, in the early part of his life was a mari-


ner, afterwards a glazier and farmer. He is often men-
tioned in the sketch of civil history ; he was a zealous
and independent whig, a prudent, discreet, shrewd and
sensible man. The children of Enoch and Rachel were
Bethiah, Enoch, Levi, Rachel, Amos, Sarah, Ezra, Leah,
Jedidiah, Abraham and Mary. Bethiah married Jona-
than Thaxter ; their children were Jonathan Thaxter of
Boston, Hon. Levi Thaxter of Watertown, &c. Levi
Lincoln was the Lieut. Governour of Massachusetts, (see
p. 126.) Amos, was a member of the celebrated Boston
Tea Party, and a captain of Artillery in the Revolutionary
War. He is yet living. Leah married the late Hawkes
Fearing, Esq. Mr. Fearing was a very useful and in-
fluential citizen of Hingham. He was frequently elected
to our most important town oflices, and was very justly
esteemed for his excellent moral character, his unyield-
ing integrity, and his honest independence of mind. He
died June 6, 1826. Abraham Lincoln resided at Wor-
cester, filled many public offices, and among them that
of Counsellor of this Commonwealth.

William Lincoln, third son of Jedidiah, married Mary
Otis, daughter of Ephraim Otis of Scituate. His sons
were William, Otis, Henry, H. U. 1736, (see p. 133,)
and Solomon, father of the compiler of this sketch — all

Mordecai Lincoln, son of the first Samuel, removed
within the present limits of Cohasset, and was the ances-
tor of several families in that town. He had a son Isaac,
a grandson Isaac, and a great grandson Uriah, (the late
venerable deacon of the church at Cohasset.) Uriah was
the father of Isaac Lincoln, M. D., H. U. 1800, physi-
cian in Brunswick, Me.

Elisha Lincoln, son of the second Samuel, removed to

to Cohasset, and left descendants there.



The name of Thomas Lincoln, cooper, appears in
our records in 1636. His house lot was the same, which
is now owned by his descendant, Martin Lincoln, Esq.
at the corner of Lincoln and North streets. Thomas
Lincoln had a son Benjamin, and a grandson Benjamin ;
this Benjamin was the father of Col. Benjamin Lincoln,
who died March I, 1771. Col. Lincoln was the father
of General Benjamin Lincoln, of the Revolutionary Army,
and of Dr. Bela Lincoln. General Benjamin Lincoln's
sons were Benjamin Lincoln, Esq. H. U. 1777, Coun-
sellor at Law, of Boston, (see p. 132,) Theodore Lin-
coln, H. U. 1785, of Dennysville, Me., and Martin Lin-
coln, Esq. of Hingham. The last mentioned Benjanjin,
married a daughter of James Otis. His sons were- Dr.
Benjamin Lincoln, H. U. 1806, who died at Demarara,
a few years since, and James Otis Lincoln, Esq, H. U.
1807, who died in Hingham, August 12, 1818.

The name of Thomas Lincoln, Jr., miller, also ap-
pears in our records, in 1636. He removed with his
family, to Taunton, before the year 1652, as appears by
the Plymouth Colony Records. He made his Avill at
Taunton, in 1683, and in it mentions his age, (80 years,)
and styles himself grand senior. His children and de-
scendants were numerous, and from him, probably, de-
scended all the persons of the name of Lincoln, in Bris-
tol County. Some of his descendants removed to Con-

The name of Thomas Lincoln, the husbandman, ap-
pears in our records, in 1638. It is difficult to trace his
descendants, although it may not be an impossibility.
The singular fact, that four of the same name were among
our early settlers, of whom three left numerous descend-


ants, and some of whom probably had children who had
nearly arrived to manhood before they came to this coun-
try, causes no little embarrassm.ent in perfecting their
genealogy. Daniel Lincoln was '' one of the young
men" a few years after the settlement of the town ; but
I have not been able to ascertain of which Thomas Lin-
coln he was the son. The descendants of Daniel, are
numerous and widely scattered through the country. A
full account of his descendants is in the possession of
Jotham Lincoln, Esq., Town Clerk of Hingham.

The arrival of Stephen Lincoln, to this country, was,
according to Cushings MSS. in 1638. His record is as
follows : '' 1638, Steven Lincoln, and his wife, and his
.son Steven, came from Windham, and settled in New
Hingham." The first Stephen had but one son, and
three grandsons, viz. : Stephen, (a bachelor,) David and
James. The sons of David, were David, Matthew and
Isaac Lincoln, H. U. 1722. The sons of the second
David, were David, and Nathan. David died February
1, 1814, aged 79. Nathan died, December 19, 1809,
aged 71. The sons of David were the following, Dea.
David Lincoln, who died August 1825, aged 58, Hawkes,
Perez, H. U. 1798, died August 3, 1805, Noah and
Ensign. The only son of Nathan was the late Abner
Lincoln, Esq.

The sons of Matthew Lincoln, were Stephen, Noah,-
Job, Matthew, Levi and Isaiah. Stephen's sons were
Calvin, Stephen, Elisha : Calvin, the father of Calvin,
H. U. 1820.

Matthew had several sons. Those now residing in
Hingham, Jcdidiah and Hezekiah. The only son of Levi
is Dr. Levi Lincoln, H. U. 1789. The sons of Job,
Mitchel and Bradford, of Boston, Sec.


The sons of Isaac Lincoln, H. U. 1722, were Isaac,
James, Nathaniel and Heman, Isaac, the father of Dan-
iel ; James, father of Perez ; Nathaniel, father of the late
Capt. Luther Lincoln, (father of Luther B, Lincoln, H. U.
182?j^ Bela, Robert, and Martin Lincoln of Ohio ;? Heman
father of Hon. Heman Lincoln of Boston, and Pyam.*

The lon2;evity of this family has been generally remark-
able. For instance, the sons of the first Matthew, died at
the followino; ages :

Isaiah Lincoln died April 1, 1786, aged 42 years. |
Noah Lincoln '' Nov. 13, 1810, " 82 "

Stephen Lincoln " Nov. 8,1816, " 91
Job Lincoln " May 17, 1818, " 85

Levi Lincoln '' May 12, 1819, '' 81 "

Matthew Lincoln " Dec. 18, 1821, " 87 *^
The ancestors of this aged family lived also to an ad-
vanced age.

The preceding sketch of the Lincoln families probably
embraces all the heads of familes among the early set-
tlers. There may be omissions in the names of their
descendants ; it is not pretended to be perfectly full, but
is probably accurate as far as it extends.

* For this account of the descendants of Stephen Lincoln, I am
indebted to Jedidiah Lincoln, Esq. one of his descendants.

t Isaiah Lincoln was killed by an accident, and should not ba
.-;onsidered in the statement.




Is a ^^ Note on the Wilders," in the History of Lan-
caster, written by Joseph Willard, Esq., I find the fol-
lowing account of the Lancaster tradition respecting this

" The tradition of the family is that Thomas Wilder,
the first of the name in this country, came from Lancas-
ter in England ; that he settled in Hingham, and had four
sons, that one son remained in Hingham, from whom are
descended all of the name of Wilder in that town and vicin-
ity. I find that Thomas Wilder was made freeman, 2d
June, 1641, and that he was of Charlestown in 1642 =
One named Edward, took the freeman's oath, 29th May,
1644, and was afterwards of Hingham (2. Mass. Hist.
Col. 4. 221), but whether, or how related to Thomas I do
not know."

The first part of this account is entirely irreconcileablc

with any tradition among the Wilder families in this

place. The traditionary account which I have collected

here, is as follows : " A widow woman, by the name of

Wilder, came out of England, with two boys, her only

children ; having before their departure disposed of their

entailed estate ; and she never would disclose to her son

Edward, who settled with her in Hingham, nor to any

other person that we know of, the name of the place in


England from which they came. Our ancestors have not
left us any uniform tradition respecting the other boy ;
some of them supposing that he must have been the Wilder
from whom descended the famihes of that name in Lan-
caster and its vicinity : the conjecture of others is, that
he died on his passage to this country, or soon after his
arrival, &c."

This account of the tradition of the family here, was
given me by Messrs. Joseph Wilder and Joshua Wilder,
to the former of whom I am indebted for other traditionary

On an examination of our town records, I find that

W^idow Wilder received a grant of a house lot,

in 1638. Prior to 1664, Edward Wilder received a grant
of land near that which his mother had received from the
town ; and by a subsequent conveyance of the premises,
in which a reference is made to the grant to his mother, it
appears that her name was Martha. She died April 20,
1652. Her son, Edward Wilder, was the ancestor of all
the Wilders in this place. He married Elizabeth Ames,
of Marshfield, before 1654, and had four sons and four
daughters. He died, October 18, 1690 ; his wife died,
June 9, 1692. A perfect list of his male descendants
who lived to manhood, to the fifth generation, has been
given me by the gentlemen before mentioned, which I
subjoin as a matter of mere curiosity. Those with an
asterisk affixed, died without issue. — Families are sepa-
rated by a dash, and arranged according to seniority.

Second generation. — Edward's sons — John, Ephraim,*
Isaac and Jabez.

Third generation — Ephraim, Isaac,— Thomas,— Jabez,*
Edward and Theophilus.

Fourth generation — Ephraim, John, David, Abel,*
Seth,-~Isaac, Daniel,— Nathaniel, Thomas, Samuel,


fsaaCj — Edward, Joseph, Isaiah^ Benjamin, — Jabez,
Theophilus, Zenas.

Fifth generation — Ephraim,* Peter,* — John, Zechariah,
Abel, Lot, Elias, Stephen, — David, Shubael, — Seth, Abel,
— Isaac, Laban, Calvin, Gushing, John, — Daniel, Aljiel,

Joseph, Nathaniel, Thomas, Nathaniel, James,*

Samuel, — Bela, Eleazer, Isaac, Jairus, — Edward, Le\vis,
Joshua, Martin, Benjamin, — Joseph, — Isaiah, — Josiah,*
John, Lewis, Peter, Benjamin, James, Harrison, —
Crocker, Warren, Jabez, — Theophilus, Ebenezer, Bela,
Theodore, — Zenas, Theophilus, Pyam, Ephraim.

By comparing these names with those of the Lancas-
ter AVilders, it appears to me conclusive, that they had
a common ancestor ; and I think there can be little doubt
that the brother of our first Edward, was Thomas Wilder
of Lancaster.



Ed3IUNd Hobart, who arrived at Charlestown in 1633,
was the ancestor of all the Hobarts in this place and vici-
nity. He settled in this place in 1635, and died March 8,
1645-6. The children of Edmund, were Edmund, Thom-
as, Peter and Joshua, and two daughters. Edmund Ho-
bart, Jr. died in 1686, aged 82 ; Samuel, Daniel and John
were his children. Thomas Hobart had sons, Caleb,
Joshua and Thomas, Peter Hobart, the first minister of
Hingham, a native of Hingham, England, in 1604, was
educated at the University at Cambridge, England ; after
he left the University, he taught a grammar school, and
preached in Hingham, England, for nine years, when he
came to this country.

Rev. Peter Hobart was the father of ^^a celebrated pro-
geny of divines," all of whom have been noticed in pre-
vious parts of this work. The late Judge John Sloss
Hobart of New York, was a great grandson of Rev. Peter
Hobart ; and I think that the present distinguished Bishop
of New York, John H. Hobart, D. D. is connected with
this branch of the Hobart family. Japheth Hobart, who
died January 17, 1822, aged 94, was a great grandson of
Rev. Peter Hobart. The children of Capt. Joshua Ho-
bart, who died July 28, 1682, were Joshua, Enoch, (and
Solomon, probably,) and two daughters, one of whom


married Edward Co well, and the other Joshua Lin-

Isaac Hobartj son of Aaron, a descendant of the first
Edmund, removed to Abington in 1724 ; he died in 1775.
His sons were Thomas Hobart, Col. Aaron Hobart and
John Hobart. Thomas Hobart, Esq. and Isaac Hobart
of Hanson, are sons of this Thomas. Seth, Aaron,
Noah, Isaac and Jacob, were sons of Col. Aaron Hobart.
Seth, father of Nathaniel, H. U. 1784 ; Aaron, father of
Hon. Aaron Hobart, B. U. 1305, late member of Con-
gress ; Noah, father of Albert, Nathaniel, James, and
Aaron Hobart. of Charleston, S. C, ; Isaac Hobart resides
at Eastport ; Benjamin Hobart, B. U. 1804, is a son of
Col. Aaron Hobart, A full sketch of this numerous and
respectable family would fill a volume, and I must leave
it imperfect and unfinished. The first settlers of this
name are given ; and from those, nothing is required but
time and patience, to trace a perfect genealogy.


Our town records do not furnish a correct list of the
deaths in this place until within a (ew years ; the record
of Rev. Peter Hobart does not give the ages of persons
whose deaths are recorded ; and the perfect record of Dr.
Gay embraces only those who died in his parish ; hence
we have no exact data from which to estimate the propor-
tion of deaths to the whole population, for any given time
previous to the present century. The average number
of deaths within a few years past is about fifty, being one
in sixty of the inhabitants. The town has been afilicted
with no epidemics for a long series of years. The num-


ber of deaths in the ahns house from 1786 to 1826, (inclu-
sive) was 118. The ages of 115 recorded, average up-
wards of 62 years, to each person. Of those, 10 were 90
years of age and upwards, and 27 of them 80 and upwards.
The oldest person that ever lived in Hingham, was
Daniel Stodder, who died in 1737, in the 104th year of
his age. Several have died at the age of 100 years, as,
Theophilus Cushing in 1678-9 ; Hannah Johnson, in
1728, &c. Hingham is probably one of the most healthy
towns in the commonwealth.



(See page 81.)

WHEREx^S divers Englishmen did formerly come (into the Mas-
sachnsets now called by the Englishmen New England) to inhabit
in the dayes of Chickatabut our father who was the Cheife Sachem
of the sayd Alassachusets on the Southward side of Charles River,
and by the free Consent of our sayd father did set downe upon his
land and in the yeare of our Lord God one thousand six hun-
dred thirty and four divers Englishmen did set downe and inhabit
upon part of the land that was formerly our sayd fathers land,
which land the Englishmen call by the name of Hingham, which
sayd Englishmen they and their heires and assosiats have ever since
had quiet and peaceable possession of their Towneshippe of Hingham
by our likeing and Consent which we desire they may still quietly
possess and injoy and because ther have not yet bin any legall
conveyance in writing passed from us to them conserning their
land which may in future time occasion diflerence between them

and us all which to prevent Know all men by these presents that

■we Wompatuck called by the English Josiah now Cheife Sacbem of
the Massachusets aforesayd and sonne and heirc to the aforesayd
Chickatabut : and Squmuck all called by the English Daniel sonnc
of the aforesayd Chickatabut and Ahahden — Indians: for a valucable
consideration to us in hand payd by Captainc Joshua Hubberd and
Ensignc John Thaxter, of Hingham aforesayd wherewith wee doc



acknowledge our selves fully satisfyed contented and payd and there-
of and of every part and percell thereof doe exonerate acquitt and
discharge the sayd Joshua Habberd and John Thaxter their heires
executors and Administrators and e\ery of them forever by these
presents : have given granted bargained sold enfeofted and confirm-
ed and by these presents doe give grant bargaine sell EnfeofTe and
confirme unto the sayd Joshua Hubberd and John Thaxter on the
behalfe and to the use of the inhabitants of the Towne of Hmgham
aforesayd that is to say all such as are the present owners and
proprietors of the present house lotts as they have bin from time to
time granted and layd out by the Towne : All T hat Tract of land
which is the Towneshippe of Hingham aforesayd as it is now bound-
ed with the sea northward and with the River called by the En-
glishmen weymoth River westward which River flow from the sea :
and the 1 ae that devide betwene the sayd Haigham and Weymoth
as it is now layd out and marked untill it come to the line that de-
vide betwene the colony of the Massacbusets and the colony of
New Plimoth and from thence to the midle of accord pond and
from the midle of accord pond to bound Brooke to the flowing of
the salt water and so along by the same River that devide betwene
Scittiate and the sa;d Hingham untill it come to the sea northward :
And also threescore acres of salt marsh on the other side of the
River that is to say on Scittiate side according as it was agreed
upon by the commissioners of the Massachusets colony and the com-
missioners of Plimoth colony Together with all the Harbours
Rivers Cieekes Coves Islands fresh water brookes and ponds and
all marshes unto the sayd Towneshippe of Hingham belonging or
any wayes app'taineing with all and singular thapp'fenences unto
the p'misses or any part of them belonging or any wayes app'-
taineing : And all our right title and interest of and into the sayd
p'misses with their app'tenences and every part and p'cell thereof
to have and to hold All the aforesayd Tract of land which is
the Towneshippe of Hingham aforesayd and is bounded as afore-
sayd with all the Harbours Rivers Creekes Coves Islands fresh water
brookes and ponds and all marshes ther unto belonging with the
threescore acres of salt marsh on the other side of the River (viz)
on Scittiate side with all and singular thapp'tenences to the sayd
p'misses or any of them belonging unto the sayd Joshua Hubberd
and John Thaxter on the behalfe and to the use of the sayd mhab-


itants who are the present owners and proprietors of the present
house lotts in hingham their heires and assigaes from tlie before named
time in the yeare of our Lord God one thousand six hundred thirty
and four for ever And unto the only proper use and behoofe of the
[the] sayd Joshua hubberd and John Thaxter and the inhabitants
of the Towne of hingham who are the present owners and propri-
etors of the present house lotts in the of Hingham their heires'
and assignes forever. And the said Wompatuck Squmuck and A-
hahdcn doe hereby covenant promise and grant to and with the sayd
Joshua hubberd and John Tiiaxter on the behalfe of the inhabitants
of hingham as aforesayd that they the sayd Wompatuck Squmuck
and Ahahdun — are the true and proper owners of the sayd bargain-
ed p'misses with their app'tenances at the time of the bargaine
and sale thereof and that the sayd bargained p'misses are free and
cleare and freely and clearely exonerated acquitted and discharged
of and from all and all maner of former bargaines sales guifts grants
titles mortgages suits attachments actions Judgements extents exe-
cutions dowers title of dowers and ail other incumberances whatso-
ever from the begining of the world untill the time of the bargaine
and sale thereof and that the savd Joshua hubberd and John Thax-
ter with the rest of the sayd inhabitants who are the present owners
and proprietors of the present house lotts in hingham they their
heires and Assignes the p'misses and every part and parcell thereof
shall quietly have hold use occupy possese and injoy without the
let suit trouble deniall or molestation of them the sayd Wompatuck :
Squmuck and Ahahdun their heires and assignes : and Lastly the
sayd Wompatuck : Squmuck and Ahahdun for themselves their
heires executors administrators and assignes doe hereby cove-
nant promise and grant the p'misses above demised with all the
jibertys previledges and app'tenences thereto or in anywise belong-
ing or appcrtaineing unto the sayd Joshua Hubberd John Thaxter
and the rest of the sayd inhabitants of Hingham who are the pres-
ent owners and proprietors of the present house lotts their heires
and assignes to warrant acquitt and defend forever against all and
all maner of right title and Interrest claime or demand of all and
every person or j)ersons whatsoever And that it shall and may be
lawfull to and for the sayd Joshua Hubberd and John Thaxter
their heires and assignes to record and enroll or cause to be record-
ed and enrolled the title and Icnour of these p'scnts according to



the usuall order and maner of recording and enrolling deeds and
evedences insuch case made and p'vided in witnes whereof we the

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Online LibrarySolomon LincolnHistory of the town of Hingham, Plymouth County, Massachusetts → online text (page 12 of 14)