Solomon Stoddard Ethan Allen Andrews.

A grammar of the Latin language: for the use of schools and colleges online

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objective genitive; as, Mea injuria^ Injury to me. Sail. So, Invtdia tua^ Envy
of thee. Fldmia tuoy Confidence in thee. Plant. Spes men, The hope placed
in me. With causa the adjective pronoun, and never the genitive, is used;
as, Med cautdj For my sake. Plaut

Rem. 4. (a.) Instead, also, of the subjective genitive of a noun, a possessive
adjective is often used ; as, Causa regia, for causa regis, Cic. Ht^rilis flUus, for
hii-i flius. Id. Evandrius- efi««, for JCvandri. Virg. Hercfileus W6or, for ffer-
cilis. Hor. Clvllis fUror^ for citium. Hor. So, wso, for the objective genitive,
Metus hostllis, Fear of the enemy. Sail.

(b.) The genitive of the person implied in the adjective pronoun or possessive
adjective, or an adjective agreeing with such ^uitive, is sometimes added as
an apposition; as. vestrd ipsorum causa hoc feci. InXhe poets and later prose
writers a participle also is found agreeing with such implied genitive ; as, Mea
scryjla wdgo ricitdre timentis. Hor. Cf. S 204, R. 4, and § 205, R. 13.

Rem. 5. In the predicate after sum, and sometimes after other
verbs, the dative is used like the objective genitive ; as,

Idem dmor exUtum pSc&ri (est), pScdrisque m&gistro. Virg. V\tis ui arbdrtbut
dicdri est, ut vitibut itccs — Tu dicus omne tuis. Virg. In this passage the dative
dicdri and the nominative dicus are used witn no difference of meaning.
Cf.^ 227, R. 4. Auctorfui ffnatui. Cic. Murcma legatus Liicullo/m<. Id.
Erit iile mlhi semper deus. Virg. Huic causae patrdnus exsHH. Cic. Huic igo
me hello d&cem prd/iteor. Id. Se tertium (esse) cui fdtum fdret urbis pdUru
Id. — Cum P, Afficdno sindtus eglt, ut legatus frfttri proficiscf retur. Id. Caaar
tigimenia giileis miHtes ex vinUnibus f ftcfire Jdbet. Uses. Trindbanilbus OoBsar
imiD^ra.t - 'friimentum exercltui. Id. Quod neque insiditB constili procedebant.
Sail. Quern exitum tantis m&lis sper&rent? Id. Sanctus vir et ex sententia
ambdbus, scil. quifuU, Id. See ^ 227, R. 4.

Note. The dative in the preceding exftmplet has been thought by wnne grammarianf
to depend on the nouns connected with it; as, eziiiimt, dieus, auetor, ligfUtu, deu*,
patrOnus, etc. ; by others it has been held to depend on these nouns in connection with
the verbs, and not upon either separately ; but the better opinion seems to be that, which
makes such datives grammatically dependent upon the verbs only, though logically con-
nected also with the nouns.

(1.) Instead, also, of the possessive genitive, a dative of the person
may follow a verb, when its act has relation to the body or possessions
of such person ; as,

Sese omnes Jlenies Cais&ri ad pides prdfccirunl. They all, weeping, cast
themselves at the feet of Caesar. Caes. Cui cotpus jxmigiiur, For whom the
body, i. e. whose body, is extended. Virg. Tumvero exursit jiXvitni ddlor ossibus
ingens. Id. Transflgltur scutum PulfiOni. Caes.

Rem. 6. When the limiting noun denotes a property, charao

ter, or quality, it has an adjective agreeing with it, and is put

either in the genitive or the ablative ; as,

Vir exempli recti, A man of correct example. Liv. AddUscens summa auddcias,
A youth of the greatest boldness. Sail. Fossa pklumvtginti, A ditch of twenty
feet, (i. e. in width). Caes. Iftmilcar secum duxtt f ilium Hann^bdlem annorum
ndvem. Nep. AtJienienses diligunt Phndem, spectatae virtutis vlrum. Just.
QuinquagiTUa anndtntm impirium. Id. Iter umus diei. Cic. Pulchrltiidlne ex-
Imia femina, A woman of exauisite beauty. Cic. Maximo natw filius, The
eldest son. Nep. L. Cdtilma fuit magna vl et dnimi tt lorpdris, std ingeuio
m&lo pravoque. Sail. Spelunca inf Inlta altltudlne. Cic. — Sometimes both con-
strictions occur in the same proposition; as, Lent&lum nostrum, QTdmi^ &]^q,
summa} virtatis ddOlescenttnu Cic.



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§ 211, STKTAX. — aENITIYE UrTEB HOUKS. 209

<1.) A genitiTe sometimes supplies the place of the adjectiTe; and the nonn
denoting me property, etc., is tnen always put in the ablative; as, Est bo$
cervi fIgiir§,...of the form of a stag. Cses. Vri specie et c51ore tanri. Id.
Frvtex palmi aiutsdine, Plin. Cldvi dlglti polUcis crasttiudlne, Gibs.

(2.) All the qualities and attributes of persons and things, whether Inherent
or accidental, may be thus expressed by the genitive and ablative of quality,
provided the substantives are tmmecKateZv connected; BS,jfo8sa qumdSdm pichtm;
ndmo an&gud virUUe. It hence follows tnat such genitives ana ablatives, when
used to express duration of time or extent of space, are distinguished from the
cases in which the accusative is required, since the latter case always follows
adjectives or verbs; as, /oMa gmndicim pedes lata: jmer dicem annos n&tns.
Ct \ 236.

(3.) Whether the genitive or the ablative of quality is preferable in particu-
lar cases, can frequently be determined only by reference to classical authority;
but, in general, the genitive is used more frequently to express inherent quali-
tie!» than such as ai*e merely accidental, while the ablative is used indifferently
for either purpose. In speaking of transitory qualities or conditions tJie abla-
tive is always used; as, A£agno Umdre sum, I am in great fear. Cic. Bdnodrdmo
sum. Id. Quanto fuirim ddlore Tninanisti. Id. Mcucimo hdnSre Sei^us Tullius
iraL Liv. With plural substantives the genitive is rare; while in expressions
of measure it is used rather than the ablative.

(4.) An accusative instead of a genitive of quality is used with sicus (sex),
ginus and pondo ; as, Liberdrum cdpUum virile s^cus ad dicem millia capta, i. e.
of the male sex, instead of sexus vtrilis. Liv. So gSnuSj when joined with a
pronoun, as Aoc, trf, iUud^ quod^ or with omne^ is used for hnjusy ijusj omnis^ etc.,
ffiniris ; as, Ordtidnes aut dU^d id gf nus scribere,-~of that kind. Cic. Concre»
dire imgas hoc gf nus. Hor. So pondo is joined as an indeclinable word to the

accusatives libi^am and Ubras ; as. Dictator cdrOnam auream libram pondo in

Cdpitdlio Jdvi dOnum pd8uity,.& pound in weight. Liv. Cf. § 286, R. 7.

(5.) The genitive mddi with an adjective pronoun supplies^ the place of a
pronoun of quality ; as, cujusmddi librt, the same as qudles libri, what kind of

Dooks ; hujusmddi'ltbri, i. e. tales lihri, such books. So, also, geniris is used,

but less frequently.
(6.) With the genitive of measure are often connected such ablatives as

hngit&din€y Idtltikkney etc., or in Umgitudinem, etc. ; as, fossa dicem pidum Idtt"

tOcune ; but the genitive does not depend on uiese words.
(7.) Sum may be followed by either the genitive or the ablative of quality

with an ellipsis of tlie word limited, which, with the genitive, is Admo, re<, nigd'

iiuMj prOprium or prdprius^ etc., and with the ablative, prcscktus, instructuSf

omdbiSy etc. Cf. Rem. 8, and §§ 244, and 249, 1..
Rem. 7. (1.) The limited noun is sometimes omitted; as, nUsira sortis!

sc{\. hdmines ; (men) of wretched fortune! Lncan. Ad JjidruBj soil. adem.

Ter. Hectdris Andrdmdche^ scil. uxor. Virg. Susptcidnis vUandas^ soil, causa. Tac.

So filiw or fUia ; as, Hannibal GisgOnis.
(2.) The omitted noun may sometimes be supplied from the preceding words ;

as, Cijum picus t an Miltbcei t Non ; vcrum uEgdnis^ scil. picus. Virg. ^ An

adjective is often expressed i:eferring to the noun omitted ; as, NuLlam virtus

dlxam mercedem deSUlirai, prceter lianc (scil. mercedem) laudis. Cic.

Rem. 8. The limited noun is often wanting in the predicate of a
sentence afler sum. This usually happens,

(1.) When it has been previously expressed; as,

HcBC ddmus est CoesdriSj This house is Caesar's. Ndmen auros tarn sape vdcd-
turn esse putans Nymphoe. Ovid. Naves dnerarias, quorum minor nulla irat duum
milUum amphdrum, i. e. gudrum minor nuUa ii'at quam navis duum, etc. Cic.

(2.) When it is a general word denoting a person, an animal,
etc.; as,

18*



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210 SYNTAX- — QENITIYB AFTEB H0UK8* § 211.

Thic^didts^ qvi eitudem atSiU fitU, scil. h(hno, Thncydide.% who was of tbe
same nge. Nep. Multutn ei detraxit, quod aUena irai civttatis, scil. hdmo or ctt?tk.
Id. Primum sapewHum mirtdt amtorum decern seplemquf. scil. dddUscens. Id.
Stunmi ut sini IdOOris effichuU, scil. dnimdlia. Caes. ( Ctavdius) tomni brivis^nd
h-aL Suet. Mira sum alacritdle. Cic. Vulgu* inginio mdbiU irat, SalL N<m
tit jAi-U ju»\ He is not his own master. Lucan. PotettdtU sua esse. Liv.
8u&rumque rerum irant» Id. Cf. Rem. 6, (7.)

(8.) When it is a general word denoting thing^ for which, in Eng-
lish, the words part^ jtroperty^ duty^ office^ business, characteristic^ etc.,
are commonly supplied ; as,

Timiritas est fiiirtntis tetdtis, prudenUa sinectuttSy Rashness is (the character-
istic) of youth, prudence of old age. Cic. £st hoc Gallic^ consuetudtnis. C«s.
So, stuUma tit ; est iMtdtis^ etc., which are equivalent to sttUUtia est, Uvltas est
Omnia hostium iranL A paucis imi, quod muttOrum esset, SalL

(a.) This happens especially when the subject of the verb is an infinitive, or
an entire clause, in which case, insteadof the genitive of the personal pronouns,
m<», <wi, etc., the neuters of the possessives, meum, tuum, etc., arc used; as,
AdOlesientis est mdjdi'es.ndtu ridveri^ It is (the dutv) of a youth to reverence
the aged. Ovid. Cujttsris hdminis est en'dre^ nnlHus nisi in^jnentis in err6re
persevvrdre, Cic* Pavpiris est n&mirdre pit us. Ovid. So esj>eciaHy mdris est;
as, Niydvit mons esse Grattdrum, ut in convitio vtrdrum accumOirent mUliires, the
same as mdrem esse Grcstdrum. Cic. Nihil tarn esquandtB libertdtis esse, Liv.
So when the verb is omitted; Tdmen officii duxit, ex&rdre patrem, scil, e<M,
Suet. Non est mentlri meum. Ter. Tnum est, M. Cdia, vkHre quid dgdtur,

ifi.) Instead of the genitive of a substantive, also, the neuter of a possessive
adjective derived from it is sometimes used ; as, Hiimanum est errdre. To err
is human. Ter. M fdtire et pdti Joi'tia Romanum est. Liv.

(4.) The same construction sometimes occurs after ^drio, and some other
Terbs mentioned in § 230, esse being understood ; as. Asm Rdmdndrum /acta est,
Asia became (a possession) of the Romans. Just Agrum sua €ktidnu fecisse.
Liv.

(5.) The limited noun is sometimes wanting,^ when it is a general worcL
though not in the predicate after sum ; as, Magni formica Idbdris, scil. dnimai^
The ant (an animal) of great labor. Hor. So Li vinit in mentem pdtestdtis tua,
scil. mimdria, or the like. Cic.

Non. When the noun which is wanting denotes a things gruninariaQS scnnetimcs sup-
ply HigHtium^ offlcium^ mftatM, dp«4, r«x, causa^ etc. It is an instance of s constnio-
tioQ common in Lathi, to omit a noun ythisn a general idea is intended. See $ 20S|
Bern. 7, (2.)

Hem. 9. The limiting noun also is sometimes omitted; as,

Tria miUia, scil. passuum. In most cases of this kind, an adjective, ac^eo*
live pronoun, or participle, is expressed in the genitive.

Kem. 10. Two genitives sometimes limit the same noun, one of
which is commonly subjective, and the otlier objective ; as,

Agimeranonis belli gldria, A^memnon^s glory in war. Nep. lUius admitds-
irdtto provincise. Cic. Mrum dierum consuetudine Itlnfiris noetri exerdtus per"
spectd. C«s. Orhitas reipabllcae talium vXrorum. Cic. Pro vithibus HelvStio-
rum ir^uriis popCili Romani. Cses.

^ Rem. 11. Opus and Usus are rarely limited by a genitive or accusa-
tive, but generally by an ablative, of the thing needed ; as,

Argenti i^ms fuit, There was need of money.. Liv. Ad con^Hum pensandum
tempdris dpus esse. Id. Prooemii non semper Usus est. Quint. Si quo dp^ras
eHiruM fiftw est, Liv. Puiro dpus est clbum. Plaut. Ikus est hdmlnem ast&tum.
Id. See S 348.



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S 212. STHTAX.— OEKITIYB AFTSB PABTITIYES. 211

Kem. 12. The relation denoted by the genitive in Latin, is gener-
ally ex{)ressed, in English, by o/*, or by the possessive case. Cf. R. 2, (6.)
The objective genitive may onen be rendered by some other prepo-
■ition; as,

EimidUtm ddUrU^ A remedy for pain. Injilria pairiiy Injury to a fitther.
J)e$C€nsu8 Avemif^ The descent to Averans. Ira baU, Anger on accoont of th«
war. Pdtesta* re», Power in or over a thing.

Nora. Certain UmitatioiM of Bounf are made hj the aeeoaatiTo with a preyodtiony
and by the ablatiTe, either with or without a preposition. Gt ( 202, 6, L and Q.

GENITIVE AFTER PARTIT.IVES.

§ 313. Nouns, adjectives, adjective pronouns, and adverbs,
denoting a part, are foUowed by a genitive denoting the whole ;
as,

Pan civtl&tis. A part of the state. NuBa tdrCrum, No one of the sisters.
Abguis phtldsdfMrumy Some one of the philosophers. Qtiis moridtUum t Who of
mortals? Jfo/ory^h^^ntini, The elder ot the youths. DocHsamus RSmdnSrum^
The most learned of the Bomans. MuUum picHnuB, Much (of) money. Sddi
eldquenUeB^ Enough of eloquence. Ubinam gentium »6mmt Where on earth
are we?

Non. The genitiTe thus goremed denotes either a number^ of which the partitire de-
rignatee one or more indiriduals; or a tohole^ of which the partitiTe designates a portion.
In the latter sense, the genitive ot common and abetraet nouns cfunmonly follows either
the neuter of adjectires and adjective pronouns, or adverbs; and that ot material nouns
depends on substantives signifying quantity, wdght or measure; as, mitUmnutn frilki,
a bushd of wheat ; /I6ra /arris ; jUgtrum agri; magna vis auri.

Remark 1. Nouns denoting a part are pars, nimo, nthilf etc., and
also nouns denoting measure, wei^t, etc. ; as, mddius^ m&limnumf
and libra ; as.

Nemo nostrum, No one of us. Maxima pars h5m1num. NihU hUm&narun
r€mm. Clc. Dimidium mllltum. Liv. Mickmnum trltlci. Cic.

Rem. 2. A^ectives and adjective pronouns, denoting a part of a
number, including partitives and words used partitively, compara-
tives, superlatives, and numerals, are followed by the genitive plural,
or by the genitive singular of a collective noun.

(1.) Partitives (§104, 9,); as, ullus^ mUlus, sdlus^ 4/um, Oter, iUer^^ itercum-
que^ iiUrvis^ OierUbet, neuter, oiler, aUfriUer, dliauis^ quidam, quiqnam, quisquis,
qtdsquey qtusquam, quicumque, unusquisoue, qyis f quif qudt t qudtus f qudtusquis'
me f tdt, aliqudl, nannullij plerioue, muUiy pauci.midiiu. Thus, Quisquis deOrum^
Whoever of the gods. Ovid. VonsQlum alter, One of the consuls. Liv. J/u/te
hUminum, Many men. Plin. Et midim jUvinum ibat ; i. e. between. Ovid. For
the gender of adjectives used partitively, see § 205, R. >12.

(2.) Words used partitively; as, ExpidUi mihtum, The light-armed (of the)
soldiers. Liv. DeUcti iquHum . Id. ViiSres Bomandrum dUcum, Veil. S^ri
de6rum, The gods above. Hor. SancU deOrum, Virg. Degenires cdnum. Plin.
Piscium /entirue. Id.

(8.) Comparatives and superlatives; as, Doctior jUvgntim. Ordtvrum pr<B^
iarUissImuM. Eldquentisstmus JUmdndrvm. Optlmus omnium,

(4.) Numerals, both cardinal and ordinal; also the distributive ttngHH; as,
Equitum centum quinoudffinta inUrfecii, A hundred and fifty of the horsemen
were Itilled. Curt. Sd^entum octdvus, Hor. Singilos vestrttm, Cui^



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212 SYNTAX. — GENITITB AFTER PARTITIVES. § 212.

(5.) The mwniog is often nearly the same, whether the partitiye a^^tive agrees In
case and number with a noun, or takes such noun after it in the genitive ; as, Doctusl-
mus Rdm&nurum, or, doctiss^mus Rumdnus : Alter cons&lum, or alter consul. But the
genitive cannot be used, when the adjective Includes the same number of things as that
of which the whole consists ; as, Vini&mus cut vlvos^ qui duo sUpersunt ; not quOrum
duo, since these are all, though we say in English, ' of whom two surriTe.'

Note 1. (a.) The comparative with the genitive denotes one of two individ-
uals or classes; the superlative denotes a part of a number greater than two;
as, Major fratrum, The elder of two brothers. Maoelmu$ frdtrum^ The eldest
of three or more.

(6.) In like manner, tWcr, alter ^ and neuter, generally refer to two; qms, dllut,
and niUlus, to a whole consisting of more than two; as, Uter nostrum t Which
of us (two?) Quis vestnim f Which of you (three or more?)

Note 2. Nostrum and vestrum are used as partitive genitives, in preference
to nt)s<7*t and vestri, and are always joined with omnium even when the genitive
is a subjective one ; as, Patria, quae comm&nis est omnium nostrum pctrens. Cic.
But vestrum sometimes occurs m other connections also without a partitive
meaning; as, Quis irit tarn cupidus vestrum, Cic.

Note 3. The partitive word is sometimes omitted; as, Fles ndbtlium tu qud^
que fontium, scil. unus. Hor. Centits sestertium, scil. centena miUia.

Note 4. The noun denoting the whole, after a partitive word, is often put
in the ablative, with the prepositions rf«, e, ear, or in, or in the accusative, with
6pud or inUr ; as. Nemo de lis. Alter ex censorlbus. Liv. Uhtis ex multis. Cic.
Acerrimus ex senslbus. Id. Thdles, qui sdpientissimus in septem fuit. Id.
Primus inter omnes. Virg Cnesus inter reges dpiUentissimus. Sen. Apud Hel-
vetios ftdbilisstmus.

Note 5. The whole and its parts are frequently placed in apposition, dis-
tributively; as, Interfectores, pars in f6rum, pars SyrdcQsas pergunt. Liv.
See § 204, R. 10.

Note 6. Cuncti and omnes, like partitives, are sometimes followed by a gen-
itive plural ; as, Attdlus Miicedunum fire omnibus persudsit, Attains persuaded
almost all the Macedonians. Liv. Cunctos homlnum. Ovid. Cunctas provincl-
ftrum. Plin.

Note 7. In the followingjMWsage, the genitive singular seems to be used like
that of a collective noun: Yotius autem injustltioe nulla cdpitdllor est, etc. Cic.
Off. 1, 13. The phrase Rem nulla mddo prdbdbilem omnium (Cic. Nat. Deor. 1,
27,) seems to be used for Rem nulh omnium mdddrum prdbdbilem.

Rem. 3. The genitive denoting a whole, may depend on a neuter
adjective or adjective pronoun. With these the genitive singular is
commonly used ; as,

Plus eldquentice. More (of) ekpquence. Tantum /idei. So much fidelity. Jd
* tempdi-is. That time. Ad hoc cetdtis. Sometimes the genitive plural; as. Id
miseridrum. Ter. Armdrum quantum. Caes.

Note 1. (a.) Most neuter adjectives used partitively denote quantity; as,
tantum, quantum, dllquantum, plus, minus, minimum, dimidium, multum, nimium,
paulum, pluHmvm, r^liquum ; with the compounds and diminutives, tantulum^
tantundem, quantulum, tniantiUumcumque, etc. ; to which add medium, summum,
ultimum, dliud, etc. Tne pronouns tnus used are hoc, id, illud, istud, idem, quod,
and quid, with their compounds, dliquid, quidquid, quippiam, quidquam, quod-
cumque.

(6.) Most of these adjectives and pronouns may either agree with their
nouns, or take a genitive ; but the latter is more common. Tantum, quantum,
dUquantum, and plm, when they denote quantity, are used with a genitive only,
as are also qtdd and its compounds, when they denote a part, sort, etc., ana
qudd in the sense of quantum. Thus, Quantum crevit Nllus, tantum spei in
annum est^en. QuidmViliinsuxOremhdbest What kind of a womaix... Ter.



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i 212. 8TNTAX.— OEKITITB ArTEE PARTITIYES. 218

AHquid (ormm. Cic. Qmd hoc rei e$tf What does this mean? Ter. Quod nxoA^
^uod argenti, quod orn&menturaiii fuU, id VetTts ab§tuHL

Note 2. Neuter adjectives and pronouns, when followed bj a genitive, are
to be accounted substantives, and in this construction are found only in the
nominative and accusative.

Note 8. Sometimes the genitive after these adjectives and pronouns is a
neuter at^ective, of the second declension, without a noun ; as, Tanium bdnL
So much good. Si atUd hdbe$ nfivi, If you have any thing new. Cic. Quia
riHqui est! Ter. Sibil is also used with such a genitive; as. Nihil nnclri^ No
sincerity. Cic. Thi* construction occurs very rarely with neuter adjectives in
i of the third declension, and only in connection with neuters of the secoud
declension; as, 9i quidquam non dico civllis sed k&tnani etteL Liv.
^ Note 4. In the poets and in the prose writers later than Cicero, neuter ad-
jectives in the plural number are sometimes followed by a genitive, either sin-
^ar or plural, with a partitive signification; as, Extrema itnpirii, The fron-
tiers of the empire. Tac. Pontet H vi&rum anguita, The bridges and the nar-
row parts of tne roads. Id. Op&ca Idc&rum, Virg. AnOqua foBdirmi, Lir.
Cuncta ccufuOnun, Tac. £xerc€rU colU$i atque hih'um awerrima pmcmU. Yirg.
Cf. S 206, 5r». *-n -rr- 4

Rem. 4. The adverbs sStj sStis, pHrum, ntmis, Sbunde, ktrffiter^
ajf^dtim, and partim^ used partitiyely, are often followed by a geni-
tive; as,

Sat rdtidnit^ Enough of reason. Virg. SdHs ildqueniiaj pdrum oSpieniitB^
Enou^ of eloquence, (yet) but little wisdom. Sail. Nimii in$ldidrum.Cie,
Terr(>ris et/raudis munde e$L Virg. Auri et ar genii largiter. Plant. COpidrum
Hfdlitn, Liv. Qmm parim iWirum mihi fdrntUtbHsiimi essetU. Cie.

Note 1. The above words, though generally adverbs, seem, in this use, rather
to be nouns or adjectives.

Note 2. (a.) The genitives gentium, terrdrum^ldcij and Idclhrum. with certain
adverbs of place, strengthen their meaning; as, Usquam terr&rum. Just. Utquam
gentium. Any where whatever. Plant. JJbi ierrdrum t&must Where in the
world are we ? Cic. Abire quo terrdrumpoaenL Liv. Ubi sit Idci. Plin. Eo
l6ci, equivalent to eo Idco, In that place. Tac. Eddem Uki ret etL Cic. Nescire
quo Idci etuL Id. But the last three examples might perhaps more properly
be referred to Rem. 8.

{b.) The adverbs of place thus used are iSn, Hbtwm, Obicumque, tbi&bi, Hbtvitf
ulAque. unde^ usquam, nusquam, quo, oudcumque, qudvis, qudquo, dUquo, hie, huc^
eo, edaem. Ldct also occurs after ioi and ibidem ; gentium after um^e ; as, Ibi
Idci, In that place. Plin. Abes longe gentium. Cic. So, minime gentium. By no
means. Ter. Vldnice in the genitive is used by the comic writers after hie and
hue; as. Hie proxima ricinue. PUut. Hue vicfnus. Ter. Cf. S 221, R. 8, (4.)

Note 3. Hue, eo, quo, when used figuratively to express a degree, are joined
also with other genitives; as, £b insolentiae fiirbriMue prikessit, H« advanced
to such a degree of insolence and madness. Plin. ifuc inim m&lorura vetUum
esL Curt. Hucdne rgrum vinlmus f Have we come to this V Pers. Eo mlsdrii-
rum vinlre, To such a pitch of misery. SaU. Quo &mentise prdgressi sitis. Liv.

Note 4. The genitives Idci, Ukdrum, and iempdris, appear to be redundant
after the adverbs adhuc, inde, inUtren, postea.tum, and tunc, in expressions de-
noting time ; as, Adhuc Idcdrum, Till now. Plant. Inde Idii, After that. Lucr.
Intirea Idci, In the mean time. Ter. Postea Idci, Afterwards. Sail. Tum iem-
pdris, and tunc iempdris. At that time. Just. Ldidrum also occurs after id^
denoting time; as, Ad id locdrum. Up to that time. Sail. Cf. R. 8.

Note 6. When the genitive Hus occurs after quoad, in such connections as
the following: Quoad cjusfdcsre pdtiris. Cic; or passively. Quoad ejus Jihi
possit. As far as may be. Cic. ; the ejus refers to the preceding clause; Utorally
as much of it as possible. %



Digitized by VjOOQ IC



214 BTNTAX. — GENITIVE AFTER ADJECTIVES. § 213.

Note 6. Prldle and postridie^ though reckoned adverbs, are followed by a
genitive, depending on the noun rfi'e* contained in them; as, Pridie ejus aiei,
fit. On the day before that day^ i. e. The day before. Cic. Pi-itUe instcUarutn,
The day before the ambush. Tac. Postrulte ejus dici, The next day. Cses.
When they are followed by an accusative, ante or post is understood. Cf.
§ 238, 1, (6.)

Note 7. Adverbs in the superlative degree, like their at^ectives, are follow-
ed by a genitive ; as, OpUme omnium, Best of all. Cic.

GENITIVE AFTER ADJECTIVES.

§ 313* A noun, limiting the meaning of an adjective, is put
in the objective genitive, to denote the relation expressed in
English by of, in, or in respect to ; as,

Avfdus laudis, Desirous of praise. Plena tlmoris, Full of fear,
Appetens glorisQ, Eager for gloi'y. £g{'nus aqnadj Destitute o/* footer.
J/e»ior virtutis, Wnidful of virtue, JJoctus fundi, Skilful in speaking.
So, Nescia mens f ati, The mind ignorant in regard to fate. Virg. Impdtem
Irae, lit. Powerless in respect to anger, i. e. unable to control it, Liv. HOndnes
expertes vGrttfitis, Men destitute of truth. Cic. Lactis abundans, Abounding
in milk. Virg. Terra ferax arborum, Land productive of trees. Flin. TSnax
propositi tJ*r, A man tenacious of his purpose. Hor. ui^ger animi, Sick inmind,
Liv. Ldcus rn^dius juguH summigue licerti, i. e. between. Ovid. Mdrum (in-
versus. Tac. OpSrum sM&tus. Hor. Liber Idbdrum. Id. Integer vltse scelerisjiK



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