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in the Gentleman's Magazine for October, 1785, in the
Journal of the Somersetshire Archieological Society for
1858, and elsewhere, but the present illustration is the
first which can be said to be in any degree worthy of the
original. Singular, also, has been its powder to create
confusion in the minds of antiquaries ! Some when they
observed it on S. Benedict's Church have considered
that the first letter of the name of the Saint, with its

* B. Willis, Hist, of Mitred Abbeys, I. 106, 107- Leland, Itin. Ed.
1744. III. f. 86. pp. 103, 104.

VOL. XVIII., 1872, TART II. P



114 PAPERS, ETC.

sacred prefix, "S.B.," was intended to be represented.
Others, who thought that the older was the work the more
it was to be admired, have boldly insisted that both when
it occurred on the Church and on the Hospital it meant
nothing less than that each of these edifices was to be
referred to the early period of a.d. 1133.* More singular
still, perhaps, is it that the latter opinion, though as op-
posite as possible to the teaching actually conveyed by the
object which was believed to furnish it, is nevertheless far
closer to the truth than any conjecture of the date of
the foundation which has hitherto been presented to the
reader^s notice.

This brings us down to about the year 1515. Twenty
years afterwards the " Valor " was taken of ecclesiastical
property in general, but no return of this seems to have
been furnished. Ten years, however, had hardly elapsed
before S. Margaret's Hospital had encountered some few
drops of the fiery storm which was laying in ruin so many
of its wealthier brethren. I need not enter into a narrative
of the atrocities with which in other memoirs I have en-
deavoured to make my reader familiar, but will confine
myself to the fortunes of the immediate subject of my
research.

On the 1st of March, 36 Hen. VIII., 1544-5, a Eequest
to purchase a part of the property was made by William
Chaplyn and John Selwood. The enumeration of the
various tenements and lands for which application was
made comprises the denomination, extent, and reported
value of each, with the names of the several occupiers,
and includes an acre of land in the northern part of the
Chapel of S. Margaret by Taunton, in the tenure or occu-

* Hearne, Hist, of Glaston. 8vo. 1722. p. 104. Gentleman's Magazine,
Oct., 17S5. p. 779.



THE HOSPITAL OF S. MARGARET, TAUNTON. 115

pation of divers poor persons of the Spittelhowse there,
the rent of which was vJ5 a year.* The bargain was
speedily struck, for four days afterwards, on the 5th of the
same month, the King granted to the aforesaid William
Chaplyn and John Selwood, together with a number of
other possessions, the following in Taunton : — Sundry
tenements, gardens, cottages, and burgages, in Taunton
extra portam, Canon-street, Middle-street, and S. James's-
street, m the parishes of S. Mary Magdalene and S. James,
formerly belonging to the late Priory of Taunton, four
acres called Baldvvynsland, certain parcels of land by
Crechburgh Hill in the parish of West Monkton, certain
parcels of land called Hyll in the same parish, and an
acre of land in the northern part of the Chapel of S.
Margaret by Taunton, then or lately, as aforesaid, in the
tenure or occupation of divers poor persons of the Spittel-
house there. Also a void tenement and garden by the
cemetery of the Chapel of S. Mary Magdalene. Also a
house and void piece of land and a garden adjacent to the
same called Seint Poles Chappell, situated in the western
part of the town of Taunton, in the parish of Hill Busshopp.
Also a piece of void ground and a garden adjacent to the
same called Seynt Leonardes Chappell, in the northern part
of the town of Taunton, in the parish of S. James, all
formerly belonging to the late Priory of Taunton, and
parcel of its possessions. The Taunton and West Monkton
property was valued, one part, including that of the Hos-
pital, at XXXlJi\ VUJrt.

priced at Ilij* vllj*^ the piece . . J
One old cope of cloth of gold, flowered with \ ,

blue velvet . . . . . . J

One cope of crimson velvet, with flowers )

of gold . . . . . . f

Two other copes, one of blue velvet, another \

of murrey velvet, priced at vj* vllj'^ the \ xlijs. illjrf.

piece . . . . . . ;

Examined by me W""- Morice, Superv""-*

As the master had obtained the Chapel, it Is not im-
probable that the servant had secured the " ornaments,''
and that some of these vestments and copes had been
in long and sacred use In the various functions at S.
Margaret^s.

We must now retrace our steps for a short period to
introduce matter which my unwillingness to break the
thread of my narrative has hitherto made me postpone.

It will be remembered that William Callowe was In-
cumbent of the Chapel. He was also incumbent of the

* Parts, for Grants, Edw. VI., vol. I., p. 102 b.



120 TAPERS, ETC.

Chantry of S. Etheldred, in the Church of Taunton
S. Mary Magdalene. His salary of Ixvjs. viijr^. for his
duties at the Hospital was paid by the Prior. This
was by an arrangement, the exact date of which I
would have given in its chronological order if I had dis-
covered it, whereby the Abbot of Glastonbury assigned
to the Prior of Taunton sixty acres of land in his manor
of West Monkton, to find a priest to say mass thrice a
week in the Chapel of the Almshouse. Perhaps this was
done at the time of the rebuilding by Abbot Beere, but I
have not found the original grant, nor does any notice of
it appear in the " Valor " before nor in the " Ministers'
Accounts " after the suppression. We learn it, however,
from a Survey of the possessions of the Abbey made im-
mediately subsequent to the dissolution, from which, as it
is full of interest for many of my local readers, I will give
the portion which relates to the Manor of West Monkton
exactly as it stands in the original Return. It was taken
in the 31st year of Henry VIH., 1539-1540, for the pur-
pose of furnishing the Court of Augmentations with an
exact description of the property, and thus of facilitating
its ultimate disposal.

" The Surveye of alle the Woodes Comens seu'all
waters and benefyces app'teynyng to the Kynge^ Maistie
w*^ the lordships ensuyng, videlt.

Westmownton.

There ys a fysshing extending from the\
Mylles nowe in the tenure of M'" Sooper vnto
the see in length vj myles, the whiche ys letten ) vj^ viij"^
to M"^ Thomas Warer by copy for vj' viij"^ by
yere . , . . . . . . • •/

There ys also a Quarre of Tylestone and Raggl ^
whiche renteth by yere . . . . » J



THE HOSPITAL OF S. MAKGARET, TAUNTON. 119*



\XXVJ^ Vllj'^



There ys no Woodes.

There ys a Comen called Lynche cont' C acr',^
of the whiche the Kyng may let yerely vnto
Tyllage to the tenants x acres for ij"^ an acre
(for yt vvylle here but ij Croppes together)
another Comen called Mounten Hethfeld cont^
xl acres whereuppon grovveth cHeyn Shrubed
Okes whiche ar letten w' the Courthous to
John Totehille. There ys another Comen called
Bathpoole grene cont' xx acres

The personage is of the Kynge.9 Highes gefte^
M"" Payne is Incombent. And it is worth by
yere aboue alle charges . . . . . . j

The persone payeth xxvj' viij'^ pencon to the)
Sexton of Glastonbury

M'' to se the booke of accompt whether vj^ viij*^ for the
rent of Courthouse and iij acres of land be charged or not,

M*^ there is Ix acres land and pasture by estymacoii
lying togethers seu^alle nowe voyd and in the Kynges
handes for default of a Tenant whiche was late assigned by
the abbot of Glastonbury to the prio'' of Taunton to fynd
a prest to saye Masse thrise a weeke in the Almeshowse at
Taunton townesende.
[_A side note to the last memorandum.']

WilFa^ Walto the yoger ofFeryth for the sae iiij'' by the
yere & iiij" for a fyne.

Sm — iiij^' Terr^ divas'
Stii acr' bosci ib'm — n^"*

The stipend thus accounted for was continued to him,
though no doubt paid as others were irregularly enough;

* Miscel. VoU. Off. Augment. 420. ff. 53. 53b. Add MS. B.M. 15,662.
ff. 164-166.



120* PAPERS, ETC,

and we find him in 1556 among the surviving pen-
sionaries in Cardinal Pole's Book, vt^here he is called " the
last Incumbent of another Service in Weste-monketon," as
there vv^as one in the Parish Church, and in the receipt of
his old allowance.*

From the time of the Suppression down to the end of
the reign of Edward the VI., 1553, the "Ministers'
Accounts" furnish us v»'ith sundry particulars, given with
very little variation year after year, in connexion with S.
Margaret's Hospital and its neighbourhood.f The fol-
lowing are literally translated from the Return for the year
32-33 Henry VIII., from Michaelmas, 1540, to the same
feast, 1541, and will be of similar interest to the Survey
already quoted. The four pence and the pound of cummin
of annual rent carry us back — it is probable — to the early
days of the Hospital, when these payments were not so
much equivalents of property possessed as acknowledg-
ments of subjection to the superior lord.

Account of All and Singular BailiiFs, &c., of our Lord
the King, of the late Monastery of Glastonbury, for one
whole year, &c., as above given.

Westemonketon.
Rents of Assize.

The bailiff answereth for iiij


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