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that Christopher Anstey, of " New Bath Guide " cele-
brity, addressed in 1776 his clever satire on an English
poem, "An Election Ball," illustrated by five etchings
of his Hestercombe friend's execution, representing the
characters in that veritable opus, and alludes to his beau-
tiful home in the lines —

" Sou gelidum nemus, aut liquidi prope flumina Thoni,
*' Arcadii invitant, quos incolis ipse, recessus."f
It was, also, in reference to the figure of a Witch, painted
on one of the walls of a hermitage in the grounds, that
Dr. Langhorne, then vicar of Blagdon, wrote — and not
unhappily —

"O'er Bampfylde's woods, by various nature graced,
" A Witch presides ; but then that Witch is Taste." J

And it was in affectionate regard of other friends. Sir

Charles K. Tynte, and Henry Hoare, of whom he says —

" Animee quales neque candidiores
Terra tulit, neque quels me sit devinctior alter,"

* Since this was written all the contents of the house were dispersed
by public auction, on the 8th, 9th, 10th, and 11th of October, 1872.
On the first day, when the hall was full of the gentry of the county, so
great was the interest excited, I secured several of Col. Bampfylde's
productions, includmg "The Owl" and two fine landscapes in the
Great Hall, together with some of the family portraits and two other
pictures which visitors for many past years could hardly faU to notice
and remember — a marvellous " Dead Game and Small Birds," by Van
Elst, signed by the painter, in the ' ' Column Room, " and the View of
" Hestercombe, 1700," in the Great Hall, to which reference has already
been made. I have thus been enabled to give my reader an exact copy
of this interesting relic, after a photograph from the original picture.
The size of the original is six feet six inches, by three feet two and a
half inches.

t Epist. Poet. Familiar. 4to. Bath. 1776. p. 33. Anstey's Works, 4to.
Lond. 1808. pp. 383-417.

X Britten's Hist, and Autiq. of Bath Abbey Church, 4to. Lond.
1825. p. 112.



166 PAPERS, ETC.

that in 1786 the scholarly owner of this lovely place erected
the urn, now all but concealed by sombre foliage on every
side, which forms the subject of the initial letter of this
Memoir, and



DIU SPECTAT^ MEMOR AMICITLE
HANC TJRNAM SACK AM ESSE VOLUIT.



It might, indeed, be said of him that, whether in great
things or small, on occasions or in pursuits where he
could exhibit his rare and fascinating gifts, or among
the multitude of common affairs which on every side
called for his active oversight, "nihil tetigit quod non
ornavit,^' — so comprehensive was his knowledge, so full
of charm his genius, and so refined and exquisite his
taste. The only thing that I feel inclined to blame in his
performances — so far as I am cognisant of them, and
even about this I may be in error — is the destruction
of the venerable Chapel, which for so many generations
had been the sacred scene of the worship of his race.
According to the old view already referred to it stood
to the westward of the mansion, and I fear was thought
to be in the way. The statement that it was ruinous
can hardly be accurate. It was built at a period when
English architecture was at its best, and, as we have
also seen, had been restored and re-decorated in the latter
part of the fifteenth century. But its real excellence,
its Gothic peculiarities, opposed to the taste of his day, was
the cause, I am sorry to think, of its unhappy removal.

Coplestone Warre Bampfjlde died 21 Aug. 1791, and
was buried in the family vault at Kingston on the 30th of
the same month.* The property passed to his nephew,

John Tyndale, who took the surname of Warre, the son
of his sister Margaretta, who married George Tyndale, of

* I am indebted for a knowledge of these facts to the kindness of
the Kev. I. Sadler Gale, vicar of Kingston.



HESTERCOMBE. 167

Bathford. He died in 1819, and was buried in the vault
at Kingston, 27 May, in that year.* He was succeeded
by his daughter,

Miss Elizabeth Maria Tyndale Warre, with whose per-
sonal appearance and eccentric habits many of my readers
must have been familiar. She died 27 March, and was
buried in the vault at Kingston, 3 April, 1872.*

There is no reason that I should, and some that I should
not, enter into further details. Nor need I endeavour to
draw a more minute picture of the household, as Somerset-
shire gave it age after age of the worthiest of her worthy
men and fairest of her fair women. My reader must be
less thoughtful than I take him to be, if the very names
which have figured before us throughout the pages of
this Memoir do not vividly suggest to him the drama
of old English life, both in joy and in sorrow, of which
these grey walls and shady avenues have been the scene,
when events were distinguished by far more picturesque
impressiveness, and men and women by far more indi-
vidual and special charactistics, than are usual in our own
days, and when society was accordingly more genuine,
and reflective of the reality of its component parts to a far
greater extent than it is now. I have but to add that of
the last act in the history of the place I was myself with
but few others a witness, and it was of a complexion strictly
accordant with this all but universal change. Not in its
wainscoted and gilded chambers, its overgrown and path-
less gardens, or its silent and sombre woods — though these
were acutely reflected in my mind^s eye at the moment —
but in the prosaic atmosphere of a London auction-room,
I saw it passf from the old race which had so long

* Also from the Rev. I. Sadler Gale,
t At the Mart, Tokenhouse Yard, on Tuesday, the 6th of August, 1872.



168 PAPERS, ETC.

possessed and valued it to other hands — hands that I most
earnestly trust will reverently and lovingly remember and
respect it for what it has been as well as for what it is.
As I take a last look on a place so dear to me, and think
of those who for eight centuries held rule within its boun-
daries, I can but express the hope, which I do most
fervently — and would give utterance to a better if I knew
it — that the present and future lords of Hestercombe may
unite in their own persons the combined excellencies of
their predecessors, the magnificent lustre of the Fluris,
the religion, philanthropy, and piety of the de Meryets,
and the devotion, courage, prudence, and good taste of
the Warres, with a not unhappier fortune on the one
hand and as long a tenure on the other as was the
lot of either.

THOMAS HUGO.



HESTERCOMBE. 169



APPENDIX



No. I.

[Ped. Fin. Somers. 21-35 Edw. I. No. 1.]
Hec est finalis concordia f ca in Curia d'ni Regis apud
Westm' a die Pasche in quindecim dies Anno Reo-ni Re^is
Edwardi filij Regis Henr' vicesirao p''ino Coram Joh'ne
de Metyngham, Rob'to de Hertford, Elia de Bekyngham
& Petro Malore Justic^ & alijs d'ni Regis fidelibus tunc
ibi p'sentibus Int' Joh'nem de Meriet quer' & Joh'nera de
Hestercumbe deforc'. de octo acris terre & quinq^; acris
p*ti cum p'tin' in Hestercumbe Et eciam de Centu' solidat'
redditus cum p^tin^ in eadem villa p'cipiendis p' annu' p'
manus Gregor^ de Welyngton & her' suor' de totis ten*
que de p'd'co Joh'ne de Hestercumb prius tenuit in eadem
villa, vnde pl'itum conuenconis sum' fuit int' eos in eadem
Curia. Scil't q'd p'd'cus Joh'nes de Hestercumb recogn'
p'd'ca ten' cum p'tin' esse Jus ip'ius Joh'is de Meriet
Habend' & Tenend' eide' Joh'i de Meriet & het' suis de
Capit' d'nis feodi illius p' seruicia que ad ilia ten' p'tinent
imp'p'm. Et p't'ea idem Joh'nes de Hestercumb concessit
p' se & her' suis q'd ip'i warant' eidem Joh'i de Meriet
& her' suis p'd'ca ten' cum p'tin' cont^ om's ho'ies imp'p'm.
Et p' hac recognic5ne vvarant' fine & concordia, idem
Joh'nes de Meriet dedit p'd'co Joh'i de Hestercumbe
vnum sp'uar' sor' Et hec concordia f ca fuit p'sente p'd'co
Gregor' & earn concedente & fecit eidem Joh'i de Meriet
fidelitatera in eadem Curia.

Somers'.



VOL. XVJII., 1872, PART II. W



170 PAPERS, ETC.

No. II.

[Plac. Coram Rege, 25 Edw. I. Term. Trin. rot. iij. No. 152.]

Matheus de Esse de Cudeworth distans a Meriet p'
duas leuc'. etat'. xxxviij. annor' & ampl\ Jur' &c. De
etat\ Nat'. Bapt'. & aliis c^cumstanc'. concordat cu' p'lur'.
Requis' qual'r hoc scit & de lapsu dicti te^p'is. dicit qM p*
hoc, q'd eod'm anno, circit'. xv. dies postea disponsauit
Joh^am vx^ suam fir q°ndam d^ni Alani de fFurneaus
militis, quara antea p' tempus aliquod adamauit et p' hoc
scit 8c bn c'tus est de etatd Sec. De aliis circumstanc' &c.



No. III.

[E Reg. Drok. f. Ixxxxvij.]

M^ q' d'ns cone' licenc' sp^alem d'no J. de M'iet Militi
vt possit h'ere cantar^ i capella Man'ii sui de Hestrecub
p'pt' distanc' loci int^ d'cm man'iu' & mat^ce' eccFiam, s'b
dat' apud Wyuelescub. viij°. Kal'n Aug^ti. Anno d'ni.
Milli'o. ccc™°. xvj°. Cons' d'ni septio.



No. IV.

[Rot. Cart. 13 Edw. II. n. 35.]

P^ Joh'e de R Archiep'is &c. salt'm. Sciatis nos ad in-
M^iet stanciam dil'ci consanguinei & fidelis n^rl

Thome comitis Lancastr' concessisse & hac
carta n^ra confirmasse dil'co & fideli n'ro Joh'i
de Meryet q'd ip'e & heredes sui imp'petuum
h'eant lib^am warennani in om'ib^: d'nicis t'ris
suis de Hestercoumbe Legheflory Estcape-
lond Coumbeflory & Ashton iuxta BristoU'



HESTERCOMBE. 171

m Com' Sum's'. Dum tamen t're ille non
sint infra metas foreste n're. Ita q'd nullus
intret t'ras illas ad fugandum in eis vel ad
aliquid capiend' quod ad warennara p'tineat,
sine licencia & voluntate ip'ius Joh'is vel
heredum suor', sup' forisf 'curam n'ram decern
libr'. Quare volumus & firmit' p'cipim' p'
nobis & heredib^ n'ris, q'd p'd'cus Joh'es &
heredes sui imp'petuu' habeant lib'am waren-
nam in om'ibz dn'icis t'ris suis p'd'cis. Dum
tamen &c. Ita &c. sicut p'd'cm est. Hiis
testibr ven' p'ribz W. Arche'po Ebor' Angl'
Primate J. Elien' E'po Cane' n'ro. Joh'e de
Britann' comite Richemund Ric'o de Grey,
Hugone de Audele seniore & aliis. Dat'
p' manu' n'ram apud Ebor'. ix die Julij. p'
ip'm R.



No. V.

[E Eeg. Drok. f. ccxlviij 6.]

L'ra d'ni Ep'i testimdial' Vniu'sis vice-

de vita Elizabetl de M'iet. comitib^r. ball'is

minist'is & al'
hoibz q'busciiq^ Nobil' viri d'ni Hugonis de Dispensar' ad
qos p'sentes Fre p'uen'int. J. p'miss' di'a Bathon' & Well'
Ep'us, salt' cu bn'. & gra rede'ptoris. Q'a piu' e'e credim'
& m'toriu' v'itati testimoniu' p'hib'e. ne in dubiis fluctuates
p' errorem labanf l p'cc'm, Hinc est q'd vob' oiiiibz & cuil'
vr'm notu facim' p' p'sentes, q'd d'na Elizabeth Paynel vx
d'ni Job' de M'iet Milit' die Mercur' p'x^ post d'nica qua
cataf. offiu. letar' ierl'm. i Maner' d'ci d'ni Job' de Hestre-



172 PAPERS, ETC.

combe p'pe maner' n'rm de Wyuelesc' cu d'no suo mora
t^hes, i plena vita & bona corp'is sanitate & sospitate
vigebat, Et hoc vob' ac o'ibr quor^ it'est itimam' p'
p^sentes. Sept' ap"^ Wyuelesc' d'co die Mercur\ anno
K. K. E. fir. K. E. decionono.



No. VI.

[E Reg. Kad. f. ccclxxxxj 6.]
Ead'lus p'missione di'a Bathon' & Wellen' Ep'us. diFco
in x'po filio p'petuo vicar' de Tauntton n're dioc' salt'm
gr' & b'n Cum alieni p'och' non sunt in alienis ecc'ijs
p'hibentibs: statut' canoicis p'sertim dieb^: d'nicis & festiuis
ad d'ia officia adraitteMi sunt qr nonnuUi p'och' ecc'ie
p'och' de Monketon' d'ce n're dioc'. qui dimissa seu
cotempta p'p'ia ecc'ia p'och' d'ia in ecc'ia p'och' de Tanton'
diebz d'nicis & festiuis audire presumut cont'' canoica
statuta p'ut ex p'te dil'ci filij Joh'is de Bathon' Kctoris
eccl'ie de Monketon' p'd'ca nob' extitit querelatu Quare
t' comittim' & madam' firmit' iniugentes. quat' diebz
d'nicis & festiuis anteq'^m missam celebras v'l p' aliu' facias
celebrari in ecc'ia tua inuestiges si alt'ius p'och' in eccl'ia
tua sit qui p'p'o contempto p'sb'ro ibid'm missam audire
p'sumat Et si aliquos tales inuen'is ip'os a d'ca eccl'ia tua
abiicias & c5pellas reced'e p' ce'suras eccl'iasticas in eosd'm
au*cte n'ra canoice ful'iand' Et q'd in p'miss' fec'is nos
v'l n'ros C5missar' vna cu no'ibz & cogno'ibs: ip'or' quos
rebelles inuen'is in hac p'te cu p' p'tem d'ci Rectoris fu'is
requisit' distincte & ap'te cures redd'e c'ciores L'ris tuis
patentib^r h'ntibz har' formam auctentico sub sigillo Dat'
ap^ Baneweir xj k'ln Octobr' anno d'ni supM'co [1351]
Et n're Cons', vicesimo t'cio



HESTERCOMBE. 173

No. VII.
[E Reg. Godyn, Off. Prerog. ff. 73 b, 74.]
Tesf m' Robert! In dei nomi'e Amen, Septimo die

Warre mensis Julij Anno d'ni Miirimo

cccc"^° lxv*° Ego Robertus Warre
armiger in p'och' de Kyngeston' Bathonien' & Wellen'
dioc' sane ment' & bone memorie languens in extremis
condo test'm' meu^ in hunc modu' In primis lego a'i'am
mea' deo om^ipotenti corpusq' meu" sepeliendu' in eccl'ia
Conuentuali Monasterij de Athelney It'm lego Cristine
vx'i mee vna' pelue' cu' lauacro argent' It'm lego Ric'o
filio meo vna' pelue' cum lauacro argenti It'm lego d'no
Ric'o Saleway vicario de Kyngeston' vj^ viij'' p' decimis
oblit' It'm lego Egidio cl'ico ib'm xx'^ It'm lego Andree
Godde vna' toga' mea' de Cremesyn penulat' cum mart'
It'm lego Margarete vx'i Andree Godde vna' togam blodij
coloris It'm lego Roberto Stevyns vna' toga' de Musterde-
vilys It'm lego Johanni Clauyshay vna' toga' virid'
coloris It'm lego Roberto Abbati nuc de Athelney &
eiusdem loci Conuentui vnu' pallum de auro ad faciend'
vestimentu' ad ora'd' pro aia mea & pro aiab^ om'i' fideliu'
defunctor' Residuu' vero om'i' bonor' meor' sup'ius non
legator' do & lego Cristine vx'i mee & Ric'o filio meo &
heredi quos quid'm Cristinam & Ric'm ordino fac'o &
constituo meos executores vt ip'i debit' meis primitus
p'solut' disponant & distribuant bona mea p' salute ale
mee meliori modo iuxta eor' sana discrecoes & consilia
Hijs testibar Mag'ro Ric'o Glene Prior' Prioratus Tanton'
Joh'ne Bysshop armig'o d'no Ric'o Saleway cap"° ad
p'missa vocat' sp'ialit' & rogat' in fidem & testi'o'm
eorunde'

Probat' fuit superscript' test'm' apud lamehith quinto die
Augusti Anno d'ni supMict' ac approbat' &c. Et comissa



174 PAPERS, ETC,

fuit admi^straco bonor' diet' defuncti executor' in d'co
test'o nomi'atis in p'sona Mag'ri Ric'i layty procures &c.
De b'n' admi^strand^ &c ac de pleno Inuentario bonor^ &c
citra f m s'ci Martini in hierae prox ' futur^ &c ac de pleno
compoto &c in p^so'^' p'cur^is &c iurat^ &c



No. VIII.

[Inq. p.m. 5 Edw. IV. n. 17.]
Inquisitio capt^ apud Briggewater in Com' Som's'
tricesimo die Octobris anno regni Regis Edwardi quarti
post conq^n quinto coram Joh^e Peke Esc' d'ci d'ni Regis
in com' p'd'co virtute br'is [&c] p' sacr'm Will'i Montagu
Thome lyte Ph'i Pym Joh'is Kighley Will'i Bourn Ric'i
Jaykerd Thome Goolde Joh'is Irlande Will'i Godwyn
Thome Warren Joh'is Ch**y & Ric^i Crips Qui dicunt
sup' sacr'm suu' q'd Rob'tus Warre in d'co br'i no'iat'
nulla tenuit t'ras neqz ten' de d'co d'no Rege in d'nico nee
in s'uicio die quo obijt set dicunt q'd Joh'es Stourton
miles Rob'tus Squybbe Gilb'tus Wyke Rob'tus Colyngborn
Thomas Mocheldever Joh'es Bysshup & Thomas Warreyn
fuerunt seisiti in d'nico suo vt de feodo de raan'ijs de
Hestercombe & Crafte voc' Crafte Warre cu' p'tin' in
Com' p'd'co & sic inde seisiti man'ia p'd'ca cu' p'tin'
dimiserunt & concesserunt Joh^i Warre armig'o h'end'
sibi ad t'minu' vit e sue Ita q'd post mortem eiusdem Joh'is
man'ia p'd'ca cu' p'tin reman' p'fato Rob'to Warre filio
p'd'ci Joh'is Warre ad t'm' vite sue Ita q'd post mortem
eiusdem Rob'ti Warre man'ia p'd'ca cu' p'tin' reman' Ric'o
Warre filio p'd'ci Rob'ti Warre & Johanne vx'i eius filie
p'fati Joh'is Stourton & hered' de corp'ibz eor'dem Rici' &
Johanne legitime p'creat' Etp' def'tu' hui' exitus remanere
inde rectis hered' p'd'ci Joh'is Warre imp'p'm p'ut p'
quandam cartara Jur' hui' Inquis' in evidens' ostens' plene



HESTERCOMBE. 175

liquet virtute cuius idem Joh'es Warre fuit modo seisitus
in d'nico suo vt de lib'o ten' & inde obijt seisitus post
cuius mortem d'cus Rob'tus Warre in d'ca br^i no'iat' in
man^ia p'd'ca cu' p'tin' intrauit & inde fuit seisitus in
d'nico suo vt de lib'o ten' et inde obijt seisitus Et qM
p'd'cus Ric'us & Johanna adhuc sup'stites existunt et * * *
dicunt q'd quidara finis leuauit in Curia d'ni H. sexti nup'
de f CO & non de iure Regis AngP apud Westm' in Octab'
S'ci Martini anno regni sui sc'do coram Will'o Babyngton*
& socijs suis tunc Justiciarijs eiusdem nup' vt p'mittif
Regis de JBanco int^ Ric^'m Hankeford armig'um Joh'era
Bluet Joh'em Dabernoun Thomam "Kyngeston & Joh'em
Muskham quer* & Joh'em Warre & Johannara vx'em eius
deforc' de man'io de WellefFord & medietat' man'ij de
Bradford iuxta Wellyngton' cu' p'tin' in Com' Som's' p'
quem finem ijdem Joh'es Warre & Johanna int' nV recogn'
p'dict' man'iu' & medietat' cum p'tin' esse ius ip'ius Joh'is
Muskham vt ilia que ijdem Joh'es Ri'cus Joh'es Bluet
Joh'es Dabernoun & Thomas h'ent * * * p'd'cor' Joh'is
Warre & Johanne Et p' hac recogn' fine & concordia
ijdem Joh'es Muskham Ri'cus Joh'es Bluet Joh'es Daber-
noun & Thomas Kyngeston concesserunt p'd'cis Joh'i
Warre & Johanne p'd'ca man'iu' & medietat' cu' p'tin' &
ilia eis reddiderunt in eadem Curia h'end' & tenend'
eisdem Joh'i Warre & Johanne tota vita ip'or' Joh'is &
Johanne & post decessu' ip'or' * * * Johanne eadem man'iu'
& medietas cu' p'tin' integre remanebunt p'fat' Rob'to
Warre in d'co br'i no'iat' filio eor'dem Joh'is Warre &
Johanne & Cristine vx'i eiusdem Rob'ti Warre * * * ip'ius
Rob'ti de corpore suo p'creat' Et p' def'tu' hui' exit'
remaner' inde rect' hered' p'd'ci Joh'is Warre virtute cui'
finis ijdem Joh'es Warre & Johanna fuer' inde seisiti in
d'nico suo vt de lib'o ten' & inde obierunt se'iti post quor'



176 PAPERS, ETC.

mortem ijdera "Rob'tus & Cristina in man'iu' & raed'

p'dl^ct cu' p'tin' int^uerunt & modo fuerunt se'iti videVt

p'd'cus Rob'tus in d'nico suo vt de feodo talliato Et

p'd'ca Cristina in d'nico suo vt de lib'o ten' Et postea

p'd^cus Rob'tus de tali statu inde obijt se'itus Et p'd'ca

Cristina ip'm sup'uixit & se tenuit intus p' ius accrescend'

& adhuc sup'stes existit Et q'd p'd'cus Rob'tus Warre

nulla alia seu plura t'ras neqz ten' tenuit de d'co d'no

Rege nee de aliquo alio in d'nico nee in s'uicio in Com'

p'd'co die quo obijt Et vlt'ius die' q'd p'd'cm man'iu' de

Hestercombe cu' p'tin' tenef de Will'o ep'o Wynton'

set p' quod s'uiciu' Jur' p'd'ci ignorant Et q'd idem

man'iu cu' p'tin' valet p' annu' in om'ib^; exit' vltra rep's'

X m^'rc' Et q'd p'd'cm man'iu' de Crafte Warre cu' p'tin'

tenetr de Will'o Poulet milite set p' quod s'uiciu' ijdem

Jur' io-norant Et q'd idem man'iu' cu' p'tin' valet p'

annu' in om'ib^ exit' vltra rep's' iiij m^rc' Et q'd p'd'cm

man'iu' de Wellyford cu' p'tin' tenef^ de Will'o Courtenay

milite set p' quod s'uiciu' p'd'ci Jur' ignorant & q'd idem

man'iu' cu' p'tin' valet p' annu' in om'ibz exit' vltra rep's'

iiij m^rc' Et q'd p'd'ca medietas man'ij de Bradford cu'

p'tin' tenet'' de Will'o ep'o Wynton' set p' quod s'uiciu'

ijdem Jur' ignorant Et q'd eadem medietas valet per'

annu' in om'ib^ exit' suis vltra rep's' v. m^rc' Et q'd

p'd'cus Rob'tus Warre obijt octauo die Julij vlt' p't'ito

Et q'd Ric'us Warre armig' est filius & heres eiusdem

Rob'ti p'pinquior & est etatis xl annor' & amplius. In

cui' rei testi'om' tam p'sent' cart' q^m Jur' p'd'ci huic

Inquis' sigilla sua apposuerunt. Dat' die loco & anno

sup^dict'.
^ T. H.






BY THE REV. W. TUCKWELL.



THE geological formation and the historical associa-
tions of the Quantock Hills have been abundantly
investigated under the auspices of this society. Their
natural productions, animal or vegetable, have not yet,
so far as I know, been described or catalogued, although
they contain specimens in both branches of Natural
History singularly rare and sought after, and though more
than one zoologist or botanist of note gazes on them daily
from the windows of his home. A paper whose conditions
are that it should be "light and popular,'^ and that it
should not exceed ten minutes in the delivery, cannot
throw much scientific light upon the plants of the most
limited region ; but it may reveal sources of enjoyment

VOL. XVIII., 1872, PART II, X



178 PAPERS, ETC.

jind raise individual enthusiasm, and it may remind this
meeting that the time has possibly come when our society
should use the means at its command to encourage the
gradual creation of such a flora and fauna of the county,
as no single naturalist, unassisted by a public body, can in
any case trustworthily compile.

In this beautiful valley, fat with the rich red soil that
countless millennia have seen washed down from the sur-
rounding hills, the flora is everywhere so unusually rich
as to win the envy and delight of strangers. It has been
my lot to pilot botanists from all parts of England in
search of local rarities, and I have found their chief rap-
tures given not to the uncommon flower they had come
to see, but to the profusion of form and colour which in-
cludes almost evei'y English genus, manifest in the common
turnpike roads which skirt the hills, but revealed in full
perfection to those only who penetrate the interior of the
range. In the sheltered lanes of the less wooded combes,
in the road from Kilve to Parsons' Farm, the footpath
from the Castle of Comfort to Over Stowey, above all in
the lane from the Bell Inn to Aisholt, the hedge banks
and the wide grass margins of the road are scarcely sur-
passed in beauty by the mosaic of a Swiss meadow or an
Alpine slope. From the beginning to the end of June
the colours are blue and yellow ; the blue represented by
the Ground Ivy, the Germander Speedwell, the Brooklime,
the late Bugle and the early Self-heal, the Narrow-leaved
Flax, the long spikes of Milkwort, and the varieties of the
Violet; the yellow by the BirdHs-foot Trefoil, large and small,
the St. John's Wort, Golden Mugweed, and Hop-trefoil, the
Agrimony, the Yellow Vetchling, and the countless kinds
of Hawkweed. In the hedges above are the Mealtree and
Guelder Rose, the Madder, White Campion and Lady's



ON THE FLORA OF THE QUANTOCK HILLS. 179

Bedstraic, half hidden by the twining tendrils, white
blossoms, and tiny cucumbers of the Bryony; while here
and there, where the hedge gives way to an old stone pit or
deserted quarry, the tall Foxglove and the great yellow
Mullein stand up, harmonious sisters, to fill the gap. By
the middle of July the colours shift. The flora of early
spring is gone, the Milkioort shows its pods, the Speedwell
its bushy leaves ; — the yellow still remains ; but the blue
has given way to pink ; to the lovely Musk Malloia, the
Horehound, Dove's-foot Cranesbill, Bestharroic, Painted Cupj
and Calaminth. With August a third change arrives ;
the small short clustering flowers are gone ; instead of
them we have the coarse straggling Fleahanes, Ragworts^
and Woodsage ; the great blue trusses of tiie Tufted Vetch
and the pure white trumpets of the Bindimed take pos-
session of the hedges ; the yellow sagittate leaves of the
Black Bryony and the red berries of the Mountain Ash
warn us that summer is past. Our September visit marks
the closing scene. The flowers are few and far between ;
but the Ivy bloom is musical with bees, the Hazels put
forth clusters ruddy brown as those with which the Satyr
wooed the faithful Shepherdess ; the Arum pushes its
poisonous scarlet fruit between the mats of dying grass ;
and the meadows which slope upwards from the brooks
are blue with the flowers of the Colchicum.

These are all common flowers, whose names and habits,
if education did her work, we should learn in childhood
from our mother and our nurse. It is their immense
profusion, not their rarity, that calls for notice, and they
represent but a small part of the hill flora. To exhaust
this fairly we must visit four diiFerent regions; the hill-
tops, the bogs, the coppices, and the slopes toward the sea.
Of the first it is difiicult to speak without a rapturous



180 TAPERS, ETC.

digression as their familiar sights and sounds occur to us ;
the breeze that " seems half conscious of the joy it brings/'
the musical hum of bees, the warble of invisible larks, the
popping of the dry furze-pods in the stillness, the quivering
air above the heather, the startled spiders with their ap-
pended egg-bags, the grasshoppers, the green hair-streaks,
the gem-like tiger beetles on the wing, — in the distance
the Mendips and the yellow sea, or the long rich valley,
closed by Dunkery and Minehead.

Heath, Furze, Bracken, and Whortle-herries, are the four
tetrarchs of the hill-tops, giving endless shades of red and
green and yellow. The heaths are three and only three,


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