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Since the above has been in type I have had the satisfaction
of learning from Mr. Gr. P. R. Pulman, of the Hermitage,
Crewkerne, that at Axminster, the river Axe, the ancient
British and Saxon boundary line, divides the dialect spoken to
the east of it (the Dorset, to judge from a specimen of it that
he has enclosed) from the Devon. He goes on to say: " On
the opposite, the west side of the river, as at Kilmington,
Whitford, and Colyton, for instance, a very different dialect is
spoken, the general south or rather east Devon. The difference
between the two within so short a distance (for you never
hear a Devonshire sound from a native Axminster man) is
very striking." That after a period of 1,200 years the exact
limit of the two races should still be distinguishable in the
accent of their descendants^ is an interesting confirmation of
the view that I have taken of the origin of these dialects, and
at the same time a remarkable proof of the tenacity of old
habits in a rural, population ; the more so that the boundary
line of the dialects does not coincide with that of the two
counties.



A GLOSSARY

OF

PROVINCIAL WORDS AND PHRASES

IN USE m

SOMERSETSHIRE.



A, pron. He, ex. a did'nt zai zo did a ?

A, adverbial prefix, ex. afore, anigh., athin

A, for "have "

A, participal prefix, corresponding with the Anglo-Saxon ge
and y, ex. atwist, alost, afeard, avroze, avriz'd

Abeare v. bear, endure, ex. for anything that the Court of
this Manor will abeare. Customs of Taunton Deane

Abbey s. great white poplar Abbey-lug, a branch or piece of

timber of the same (D. AbeelJ

Abbey-lubber s. a lazy idle fellow, i,e. worthless as abbey wood

Addice, Attis s. an adze

Addle s. a fester (A S adl disease)

After^ along side

Agallied, past part, frightened

Agin pr. against Auverginst, over-against, up to, in prepar-
ation for, as Agin Milemas

Agon, past part, gone by. Also adv.

Ail s. ailment, a disease in the hind-quarter of animals, ex.
Quarter- ail

Aine v. to throw stones at (A S hanan to stone)

Aines, just as Al-aines, all the same, or all one

Al-on-een, on tip toe, eager

Aller, (A S air) alder tree Allem made of alder

b



2 SOMERSETSHIEE GLOSSAEY.

Amper, Hamper 5. a pimple Ampery, pimply

An prep. If

An-dog, Handog s. andiron

Angle-dog, or Angle-twitch s. a large earth-worm (A S
Angel-twicce), Angle a fish-hook

Anpassey, Anpussey, the sign of &, i.e. and per se

Anty, empty

Appropo, (Fr. Apropos] hut used as one of a small group of
Norman French words which have got into popular use

Apse, Apsen-tree, (A S aepsj the aspen tree

Ar-a-one, ever-a-one Nar-a-one, never-a-one

Arry, any N'urry, none

Asew, drained of her milk : applied to a cow at the season of
calving. From sew to drain, hence sewer

Aslun, Aslue, Aslope, adv. indicate oblique movements in
different directions and levels

Asplew adv. extended awkwardly

Astroddle adj. astride

Auverlook v. to bewitch

Ax V. to waddle

Axe, (A S ascan) v. to ask, always used in Wiclif's Bible

Axen, (A S ahse. cexse) s. ashes, ex. Here maaid, teeak
showl and d'up axen

Axpeddlar s. dealer in ashes

Backlet s. the back part of the premises

Back-stick, Backsword s. single-stick, a favourite game in

Wedmore
Backsunded adj. with a northern aspect
Bal-rib s. spare-rib
Bally-rag v. to use abusive language
Ban V. to shut out, stop, ex. I ban he from gwain there

Bane s. liver disease in sheep, east of the Parret ; west of
the river the term Coed or Coathed is used, ex. I count
they be beiind

Bannin s. That which is used for shutting out, or stopping

•OoiTnn+ o ■\A7'Qlnn+ A wonian, a spauuel, and .1 banuut tree,

uannux s. w amut ^j^^ ^^^^^ ^^^ ^^^^ ,^^ ^^^ ^^^^^j. ^j^^^ ^



SOMERSETSHIRE GLOSSARY. 3

Barrener s. a cow not in calf

Barrow s. a child's pilch or flannel clout

Barrow-pig s. a gelt-pig

Barton s. a farm-yard, the Barn-town

Bastick s. basket

Bat, But, the root end of a tree after it has been thrown, also
spade of cards, the stump of a post

Batch, a sand bank, or patch of ground, or hillock, " a hill,"
as Churchill-batch, Ohelvey-batch, (lying within, or contigu-
ous to, a river) ; emmet-batches, ant-hills Duck-batches,
land trodden by cattle in wet weather

Bats s. corners of ploughed fields : low-laced boots

Bawker : Bawker-stone s. a stone for whetting scji;hes

Be, indie, ex. I be, thou bist, he be

Bear-hond v. to help

Bear-nan, Bear-in-hond, Bean-hond v. to intend, purpose,
think, suspect, conjecture, ex. I do beanhond et'l rain zoon

Beat the streets, to nm about idly

Beeastle, Beezle v. to make nasty

Bee-bird s. the White-throat

Bee-but, Bee-lippen, a bee-hive flepe, a basket, Wiclif Acts
ix, 25)

Beetel, Bittle, or Bitle 5. a bron-bitle, or brand-bitle, a
heavy mallet for cleaving wood. Shaks. Hen. IV. " fillip
me with a three man beetle " Bitle-head s. a blockhead

Becal V. to abuse, to rail at

Bedfly s. a flea

Bed-lier s. a bed-ridden person

Beever s. a hedge-side encumbered with brambles

Begaur, Begaurz, Begumm, Begummers, words of asseveration

and exclamation
Begrumpled adj. soured, displeased
Begurg V. begrudge
Behither adv. on this side
Beige, or Belve v. to bellow
Belk, or Bulk, v. to belch
Bell flower, Bell-rose, a Daffodil



4 SOMERSETSHIRE GLOSSARY.

Belsh V. to clean the tails of sheep

Benet, Bents s. Bennetty adj. long coarse grass, and plantain

stalks

Benge v. to continue tippling, to booze
Benns, or Bends, ridges of grass lands
Bepity v.a. to pity

Beskummer v. to besmear, abuse, reproach
Bethink v. to grudge, ex. He bethink'd I but everything
Betwattled v. n. to be in a distressed state of mind, also v. a.
Betwit, to rake up old grievances
Bevorne, before
Bibble v. to tipple Bibbler s.

Biddy s. a chick. Chick-a-Biddy, a term of endearment
Biddy's eyes s. pansy

Bide V. to live or lodge in Bidin s. a place where a man
lives

Big, Beg, Begotty adj. grand, consequential, ex. Too big for

his birches

Billid adj. distracted, mad

Billy s. a bundle of straw, or reed, one-third part of a sheaf

Bim-boms s. anything hanging as a bell, icicles, or tags of a
woman's bonnet, or dress

Bin, Bin'swhy conj. because, seeing that, prob. " being," pro-
vided that

Binnic, or Bannisticle s. stickle-back

Bird-battin v. taking birds at night with a net attached to
two poles. Shaks. bat-fowliug

Bird's-meat, Bird's-pears s. hips and haws

Bisgee, (g hard), (Fr. hesaigue. Lat lis-acutaj s. a mooting
or rooting axe, sharp at both ends and cutting different
ways

Bis't V. Art thou ? (Grerm. hist dii)

Bit s. the lower end of a poker v. to put a new end to a
poker

Bivver v. to shake or tremble, ex. They'll make he bivver,
(A S lijia7i, to tremble)

Blackhead s. a boil, a pinswil



SOMERSETSHIRE GLOSSARY. 5

Black-pot s. blaclv-pxidding

Blacky-moor's-beauty s. Sweet scabious

Blake v. to faint (A S Ucccan, to grow pale)

Blanker, Vlanker, Flanker s. a spark of fire

Blanscue s. an unforeseen accident

Blather s. Bladder v. to talk in a windy manner, to vapour

Eleachy adj. brackish.

Blicant adj. bright, shining (AS Uican, to shine)

Blid s. applied in compassion, as poor old blid — blade

Blowth 5. bloom, blossom, ex. A good blowth on the apple
trees

Blunt s. a storm of snow or rain, snow-blunt

Boarden adj. made of board

Bobsnarl s. a tangle as of a skein of twine

Booc s. a wash of clothes, (A S hue water vessel)

Bodkins s. swingle-bars Weys and Bodkins, portions of
plough-harness

Body-horse s. the second horse in a team, that which draws
from the end of the shafts

Boming adj. hanging down, like a woman's long hair
Boneshave s. hip-rheumatism
Bore, the tidal wave in the river Parrett
Borrid adj. applied to a sow when seeking the boar
Bos, Bus s. a yearling calf, a milk sop (Lat. hosj
Bottle s. a bubble, a small cask for cider v. to bubble
Boughten past part, of to buy

Bow s. a culvert, arched bridge, arch, as Castle-bow, Taunton
Bowerly adj. portly, tall, well-made, quy. huirdhj
Bowsin 8. fore part of a cattle stall

Brandis s. an iron frame to support a pan or kettle over a
hearth-fire (A S hrand-isen)

Brash s. a row, tumult, crash (A S hrastl a noise)

Brave adj. in good health

Brazed past part, cramped with cold

Br'd, or Bard, Breaze v. to bruize, to indent, as on an apple ;

Breath s. a scent, a smell



6 SOMEBSETSHIEE GLOSSARY.

Breeze v. to braize or solder a kettle

Brickie, Burtle adj. brittle

Brineded ach'. brindled

Bring-gwain v. to get rid of, to spend, to accompany a person
some way on a journey, bring-going

Brit, Burt, to leave a dent or impression

Brize, Prize v.a. to press down

Broom-squires s. Quantock broom-makers

Brock s. a piece of turf for fuel (Du. brocke, a morass)

Broiler, Brawler s. a bundle of straw

Brow-square, an infant's head cloth

Bruckley, Brocle adj. as applied to stock given to break fence,
to cheese that breaks into fragments

Brummie, Brimmel (A S Irimel) s. bramble

Bucked adj. having a strong hircine taste, applied to cheese

Buckle v.n. to bend, to warp

Buckle s. a dispute v. to quarrel.

Buddie V. to suffocate in mud

Bug s. beetle, as water-bug, may-bug, cockchafer

Bullen s. large black sloes ; buUace-plum

Bullworks, Bullocking adj. rude, romping

Bumtowel s. long-tailed tit

Bungee, (g hard), adj. short and squat

Burcott s. a load

Burge s. bridge

Burr s. a sweet-bread

Bursh s. brush

Busket s. a bush or brake

But s. a basket for catching salmon ; also a bee-hive
But, for Put, a heavy cart

Butter and Eggs s. toad-flax, linaria vulgaris

Button stockings s. gaiters

Butty s. a partner

Buzzies s. flies

Byes s. furrows

By-now, a short time ago



SOMERSETSHIRE GLOSSARY. 7

Caddie 5. bustle, ex. We'rn jussy caddlo to-day

Cadock s. a bludgeon, a short thick club

Cag V. to annoy, vex

Cag V. to irritate

Callenge s. and v. a. challenge

Cal-home, or Cal-over v. to publish or call the banns of
marriage for the last time

Callyvan' or Carry van, also Clevant and Vant, a pjTamidal
trap for catching birds, quy. colly fang, {ASfangen, to take)
Cannel, Cannal s. the faucet of a barrel— tap-and-canal
Car V. to carry, ex. Cassn't car'n?

Carry-merry s. a kind of sledge used in conveying goods
Carvy-seeds s. carraway seeds, (carvi sem :)

Cauk V. to turn down the ends of shoes for a horse to stand
on ice

Caxon s. a sorry wig

Chaccle v. to caccle as a hen

Chaity adj. careful, nice, delicate

Chaine s. a weaver's warp

'Ch'am, (A S ic com : Germ. Ich bin) I am. 'Ch'ave, I have.
'Ch'ad, I had. 'Ch'ool, I would. Uch'll go, I will go.
" Chill not let go, zir, without vurther 'casion." Shaks.
Lear, iv, 6. This form occurs cliiefly in the neighbourhood
of Merriott.

Cham V. To chew

Charm s. confused noise as of birds

Cheaymer, Chimmer s. a bed-room

Cheese-stean s. a wring or press for cheese

Chibbole s. (Sp. cepolla, Fr. cihouh) a young onion, before the
bulb is fully formed

Chilbladder s. a chilblain

Chilver, (A 3 cilfer-lamb), an ewe lamb Pur, the male lamb

Chilver-hog and Pur-hog, sheep under one year old

Chine s. that part of a cask which is formed by the projection

of the staves beyond the head. Chine-hoops top-hoops
Chissom, Chism v. to bud, to shoot out ; also, s. a bud
Chowr V. to grumble, to mutter (A S ceorian, to murmur)



8 SOMERSETSHIRE GLOSSARY.

Clam V. to handle in a slovenly manner

Clamper s. a difficulty, ex. I zined once and a got meself in
jissey clamper I never w'ont zine nothing no more

Claps v. clasp

Clathers s. clothes or rags

Clavy, a shelf Clavel-tack, a mantel-piece, a place where keys
fclavesj are kept, a shelf for keys Holmen-clavel, an inn
on Blagdon hill, so called from having a large holm-heam
supporting the mantel-piece

Cleve-pink, or Cliff-pink, a species of pink growing wild in
the Cheddar cliffs, dianthus deltoides

Clim, Climmer, Climber v. to climb Clammer s. a worn
footpath up a steep bank

Clinkers s. hoof marks Clinker-bells, icicles

Clint, or Clent v. to clench

cut V. Clitty adj. applied to bread not properly kneaded

Clittersome adj. troublesome

Clivver-and-shiver adv. completely, totally

Clize, Clice s. a swinging door, or valve of a dike or rhine,

(A S clysmg)

Cloam, Cloamen, coarse earthen ware
Clothen adj. made of cloth

Clotting, Clatting s. fishing for eels with a knot or clot of

worms, which is also called reballing
Clout s. and v. a blow in the face or head, to beat about the

head

Clumber s. a clump, or large piece

Cly, Cliver, Clider, or Clidden s. goose-grass

Coathe, or Coe v. a. to bane, applied to sheep, rabbits, and hares

Cock-and-mwile s. a jail

Cock-lawt, Cock-lart s. a garret or cock-loft

Cock-squailing s. an old Shrove Tuesday sport — (in Somerset,
Shaff Tuesday), flinging sticks at a cock tied by the leg, one
penny per throw, whoever kills him takes him away

Cob-wall s. made of mud and straw, mud-and-stud, or wattle-
and-dab

College s. an assemblage of small tenements, having a
common entrance from the street, and only one



SOMERSETSHIRE GLOSSARY. 9

Colley blackbird ; Water-colley water-ouzel ; Mountain-
colley ring-ouzel

Colt a person entering on a new employment ; Colting,
Colt-ale a fine on entering ; footing ; also, a thrashing

Comb-broach s. tooth of a wool-combe, a sjiit, knitting-
needle (Fr. hroche)

Commandement s. (Four syllables as in Chaucer and Wiclif ),
command

Conk, or Skonk s. a collection of people (Lat. concioj

Connifle v. to embezzle, to sponge

Cop-bone s. knee-pan, patella

Count V. to think, to esteem

Couples, Cooples s. an ewe with her lambs ; Double-couples s.
an ewe with twins

Coy V. to decoy ; Cway Pool s. a decoy

Cowerd Milk s. milk not skimmed

Cow-babby s. a great childish fellow

Crab-lantern 5. a cross froward child

Crap a bunch or cluster (Fr. grappe)

Crap, Crappy v. to snap, to crack

Craze v. a. to crack

Crease s. crest of a horse's neck, a crestaline of a roof

Creem s. and v. a cold shivering, to shiver ; to creemy adj.
subject to shivers

Creem v. to crush or squeeze severely the limbs of a person

Crewel s. a cowslip

Creeze ad/, squeamish, dainty

Crip V. to clip — as the hair

Cripner, Kr'pner s. crupper strap

Crips, or Curps adj. crisp

Criss-cross-lain the alphabet, because in the Horn-book it was
preceded by a X i^''^' croissette)

Crope pret. of creep crept, ex. A craup'd in

Cross-axe s. an axe with two broad and sharp ends, one cut-
ting breadth- wise, the other length- wise, called also grub-axe
and twibill



10 SOMEESETSHIB.E GLOSSARY.

Crowdy, Crowdy-kit (Celtic crwth) s. small fiddle; to
crowd V. to grate as the two ends of a broken bone, to make
aflat creaking; Crowder s. a fiddler (W. crwthicrj

Crown V. Crowner's quest s. Coroner's Inquest. To be
crowned, to have an inquest held over a dead body by the
direction of the coroner

Crub, Croost s. a crust of bread

Cruel adv. intensive, as cruel-kind, very kind

Cry 5. to challenge, bar, or object to

Cubby-hole s. a snug comfoitable situation for a child, such
as between a person's knees when sitting before the fire

Cuckold s. the plant Burdock ; cuckold-buttons, the burs,
(A S coccel, darnel, tares)

Cue s. the shoe on an ox's hoof, or tip on a man's boot

Curdle v. a. to curl, also, v.n. ; Curdles s. curls

Cut s. a door hatch

Curse s. cress

Cuss V. to curse ; Cussin Sarvice the Commination

Custin s. a kind of small wild plum

Cutty adj. small, as cutty-pipe, cutty-wren ; Cutty-bye, a
crad'.e, a hob-gobblin

Daddick s. rotten-wood ; Daddicky adj. perished like rotten-
wood, applied metaphorically to the old and feeble

Dag-end s. applied to a sheaf of reed

Daggers s. sword-grass, a kind of sedge

Dame s. never applied to the upper ranks of society, nor to

the very lowest, but to such as farmer's wives, or the

schoolmistress : rarely if ever applied to a young woman
Dandy adj. distracted
Dap V. to hop as a ball
Dap 5. the hop, or turn of a ball ; also habits and peculiarities

of a person, ex. I know all the daps on'm
Dor, Dare v. and s. to frighten, stupify : ex. Put a dor on'n
Dare-up v. to wake or rouse up a person that is dying or asleep
Dave V. to thaw

Davver, or Daver v. to fade, to droop ; Davered drooping
Dawzin s. a conjuring device to discover minerals by the

twisting of a hazel-rod



SOMERSETSHIRE GLOSSARY. 1 1

Devil-screech, Devil-swift, or Devilling s. the Swift

Devil's Cow s. a kind of beetle

Dew-bit s. an early morsel before breakfast

Diddlecum adj. distracted, mad

Diff adj. deaf

Dilly adj. cranky, queer

Dir'd s. thread, ex. Whaur's my d'r'd and niddel ?

Dish-wash, or Dippity-washty s. a water-wagtail

Dirsh, Drush, or Drasher s. a thrush

Dirt s. earth generally, as mould in a garden

Dirten adj. miry, dirty, or made of dirt

Dock s. the crupper of a saddle

Dockery-stick s. phosphorescent wood

Donnins s. dress, clothes

Double-spronged when potatoes lying in the ground throw out

fresh tubers
Dough-fig s. a Turkey-fig

Douse, or Touse s. a smart blow, particularly on the face,
ex. A douse on the chaps

Down-arg v. to contradict, ex. He 'ood downarg I

Down-daggered adj. disconsolate, cast-down

Draen, Drean v. to drawl (Fr. trainer)

Draffit 5. a tub for pigs' -wash f draught-vat J

Drail s. the piece of leather connecting the flail with its

handle
Drang s. a narrow path or lane
Drang-way a drove or gate-way
Drapper s. a small tub

Drash v. to thrash ; Drashel, or Thrashle s. a flail (A S therscel)
Drashold, or Dreshol s. a threshold
Drawl, Drail s. the forepart of the sull of a plough ; in West

Somerset, weng (A S wang or iveng a cheek)
Drift s. a lask, or looseness
Drimmeling adj. slow, continuous pain
Dring v. fpret. Drang) to throng, crowd, s. Dringet, a crowd

(Dutch, dringen, to press)



12 SOMERSETSHIRE GLOSSARY.

Drink s. small beer, or cider

Droot V. to drivel

Dro V. (part. Dro'd) to throw, ex. The tree wur dro'd

Drow, or Drowy v. to dry, ex. It do drowy terble now, as

appKed to grass ; Muck-adrowd, or Muck-adrowy s dust
Drub, Drubby v. to throb
Druck V. to cram or thrust down
Druck-pieces s. pieces of wood let into a wall to support the

pipe of a pump
Drug V. to drag, also fret, of drag ; ex. He drug un out

of the pond ; Drugs s. harrows or drags

Dub, Dubby, Dubbid adj. blunt, squat

Dubbin s. suet or fat for greasing leather

Duck V. to carry a person under the arms in a suspended state

Dudder v. to confound with noise

Duds s. foul linen

Dumbledore, Dumbledory s. a humble bee, stupid fellow

Dummic, Dunnic s. a hedge-sparrow

Dumps s. the twilight, ex. Dumps of the yavening ; Dumpsy

towards twilight
Dunch adj. deaf
Dunder-daisy s. large field daisy
Dungmixen s, a dung-heap
Durgin (g hard) s. a great stupid fellow
Durns s. side-posts of a door, ( ? dooringsj
Ear-burs s. a swelling behind the ear
Ear-grass, or Hay-grass s. grass after mowing, from AS

erian, to till ; the grass of tilled land
Ear-keckers s. the tonsils of the throat
Eave, Heave v.n. to give out moisture, as flagstones in wet

weather
E'en-to, Ee'nsto adv. up to, all but, ex. There were ten

e'ensto one or two
Element s. the sky, used in this sense by Shakespeare in

Twelfth-night



SOMEESETSIIIRE GLOSSARY. 13

Elem'n, or Elm'n adj^ made of elm

Eldern adj. made of the elder

Elt-pig s. a youBg sow

Elver, Eelver, or Yelver s. the young eel

Emmers s. pi. embers

Emp, or Empt v. to empty

En, or Un pron. Him, ex. A zid'n : he saw him (A S hinej

Er pron. He, ex. Er ziden : he saw him

Errish, Arrish, or Herrish s. stubble

Evet s. eft, or newt

Ex s. an axle

Eye s. the cavity beneath the arch of a bridge

Fadge v. to fare, to be in good condition. " How will this

fadge ? " Shaks. Twelfth-night
Tags mterj. truly ! indeed !

Fairy, Fare, Vare s. a weasel (old Fr. vair, ermine)
False adj. forsworn, perjured
Falsing a^. coaxing
Fardel s. a small bundle, Shaks. Hamlet
Faut (faat) V. to find fault
Fauty (faiity) adj. given to find fault

Fauthj Foth, Voth s. the turning place of the plough at the

side of a field
Featy adj. pretty, neat
Feaze v. to harass, or ferret
Feaver-largin (g hard), s. a fit of indolence
Fell V. to sew down a hem
Fend v. to forbid (Fr. defendrej
Fess adj. gay, smart, ex. A fess fellow
Few, Veo adj. little, as a few broth
Fie s. to succeed, ex. Che-ating pl'y '11 never fie
Fig s. raisin : figgety-pudden, figgy-cake, rich with raisins
Fildefare, Veelvare s. a fieldfare : varewell veelvare, farewell

winter
Filtry s. rubbish
Fitch, Fitchet s. a pole cat, ex. As cross as a fitchet



14 SOMERSETSHIRE GLOSSARY.

Fitten s. an idle fancy, whim ^

Flap-jack s. small pancake, fritter

Flanker, Vlanker s. a spark of fire

Flannin, Vlannen s. a flannel

Fleet s. the windward side of a hedge

Fleet V. to float

Flick 5. the inside fat of animals ; also flitch, of bacon

Flittermouse s. a bat (Ger. FledermausJ

Flook s. a flounder ; also a parasite in the liver of sheep

Flush adj. fledged, in full feather adv. even with

Foase v. to wheedle, to deceive adj. false

Fob s. froth, slaver v. to put off with a pretence

Fog s. old, withered or spoilt grass

Fog-earth s. bog-earth, peat

Foggy adj. fat, corpulent

Fooase, or Vooase v. to force, to oblige

Footer s. a worthless shabby fellow adj. footy

Fore-spur, or Vore-spur s. the fore-leg of pork

Fore-right, Vore-right adj. rash, head-long, head-strong

Forrel s. the cover of a book, the selvage of a handkerchief

Forware, or Verware v. to indemnify

Forweend adj. hard to please, wayward, spoilt in nursing

Frame v. to form, fashion the speech, ex. If I wur axed I
could'nt frame to spake it so

Frange s. fringe i^x. f range)

Free-bore adj. free, free-born

French-nut *. walnut

Fret V. to eat, as the lower animals (Gr fressen, A S Jretan,
as opposed to G essen, A S etan, applied to man) : ex. The
moth fretteth the garment ; a use of the word retained in
the West, and usually applied to the browsing of cattle

Furcum, or Vurcum s. the whole, even to the bottom

Furr, or Vurr v. to cast a stone far

Fump s. the whole of a business



SOMERSETSHIRE GLOSSARY. 15

Fuz, Fuzzen, Furze s. eorse, prov. }Y}^^^'^ ^"^ ^^ °"* o' blossom
_ . , , , Kissiug's out o' fashiu

Fuz-pig 8. hedge hog

Gad 5. a fagot-stick ; Spar-gad a twisted stick picked at both
ends to spar (Ger. sjyerren) or fasten down thatch. Near
Bath, spick-gad

Gain adj. handy ; Gainer more handy

Gale s. an old bull castrated

Gall s. a wet place, abounding in springs

Gaily, Gallow v. to frighten ; Gallied frightened Shak.
K. Lear, iii, 2, " Skies gallow the wanderer"

Gally-baggur s. bug-bear, a trace of the time when gallows
w^ere a more common sight

Gamble s. a leg, (Ital. gamlaj

Gambril s. a crooked stick used by butchers to suspend a
carcase

Gammets, Gamoting s. whims, tricks, pranks

Ganny-cock s. a turkey-cock

Ganny-cock's nob s. the appendage to a turkey-cock's beak

Gapes-nest s. an idle spectacle

Gare s. gear; Ire-gare s. plough-gear, iron- work

Gam, or Gearn, Gearden s. a garden

Gatchel s. the mouth

Gate-shord, or sheard s. a gate-way, a place for a gate

Gatfer s. an old man (good father)

G'auf to go off ; G'auver to go over ; G'in to go in ; G'on
to go on ; G'out to go out ; Go'vom go before him or them ;
G'under to go under ; G'up to go up : ex. Thear I wur', d'
knaw, carnared (in a corner) ; coud'n g'auver, g'under, g'in,
nor g'out

Gawcum, Gawcumin s. a simpleton, a gawkey

Gee-wi' (g soft), v. to agree ; Gee (g hard), to give, ex.

To gee out — to thaw
Gib, or Gibby (g hard), s. a pet lamb
Gibby-heels (g hard), s. kibed-heels
Giffin (g hard), s. a trifle, a small portion of time
Gilawfer, Gillifer, Gilliflower (g soft), stocks; Whitsun

Gilawfer, carnation, also the wallflower



16 SOMERSETSHIRE GLOSSARY.

Giltin-cup (g hard), s. butter-cup

Gimmace (g hard), s. a hinge

Gimmaces (g hard) s. a criminal is said to he hung in
gimmaces, when he is hung in chains

Glare v. to glaze earthenware. Also s. ex. The roads are
all a glare of ice

Glassen adj. made of glass

Glou, Glouie v. to stare

Glou-beason s. a glow-worm, a bold impudent fellow

Glutch, Glutchy v. to swallow s. the act of swallowing
Glutcher s. the throat

Gold s. sweet willow ; Mijrica gale, abundant in the moors of
Somerset, in the herbaHsts called Oaule

Go-lie V. spoken of corn falling after rain ; applied to wind,
to subside

Gool-french a gold-finch, a proud tailor

Gollop s. a large morsel

Gommer s. an old woman (good mother)

Good-hussy s. a thread-case

Goody v. to appear good, to prosper

Goose-cap 5. a giddy, siUy person

Goose-herd, or Goosier s. one who breeds or looks after geese


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