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Gore-in, Gore-with v. to believe in, to trust

Gossips s. sponsors; Gossiping the festivities of the christening

Gout s. a drain, a gutter

Gowder s. a higgler of fruit

Grainded, Grainted adj. ingrained, dirty

Granfer, Grammer s. grandfather, grandmother

Granfer griggles s. wild orchis

Gribble s. a young apple tree raised from seed

Grig V. and s. to pinch, a pinch

Griddle, Girdle s. a gridiron

Gripe, or Grip s. a small drain or ditch v. to cut into gripes

Grizzle v. to laugh or grin

Gronin s. labour, childbirth ; Gronin-chair nursing chair ;
Gronin-malt i)rovision for the event



SOMERSETSHIRE GLOSSARY. 17

Ground s. a field, a piece of land enclosed for agricultural
]Durj)Oses

Grozens, Groves s. duck-weed

Gruflf, Gruff-hole s. a trench or groove excavated for ore

Gruffer, Gruffier s. a miner, one who works in a gruff or
groove

Gumpy adj. abounding in protuberances

Gurds s. eructations ; Fits and Gurds fits and starts

Gurl, or Gurdle v. to growl

Gush V. to put the blood in quicker motion by fright or sur-
prise, ex. A' gied I sich a gush

Guss V. and s. to gird, a girth

Gurt adj. great

Hack s. the place where bricks newly-made are arranged to
dry

Hack, Hacket, Hick, Heck v. to hop on one leg, to play
hackety oyster, hopscotch, or hack-shell

Hacker v. to chatter with the cold, to stammer

Hackle s. a good job

Hag-mal s. a slattern, a titmouse

Hag-rided ad/, subject to night-mare

Hag-ropes traveller's joy, wild clematis (AS JIacie, a hedge)

Hain v. to let up grass for mowing

Halfen-deal s. moiety adj. composed of different materials

Half-strain adj. mongrel, half-witted

Halipalmer s. the palmer-worm, (holy-palmer)

Hallantide s. All Saints' Day, (hallow-een-tide)

Halse s. hazel ; halse coppice

Halsen, Hawseny, Noseny, Osney v. to divine, predict, fore-
bode (A S hcilsen, from the hazel divining rod)

Halve, or Helve v. to turn over, to turn upside down

Ham s. an open field, usually near a river : on Mendip, old
calamine pits

Hame V. "rem habere'' (A S hcsmanj

Hames, Heamsies s. parts of harness

Hang-fair, Hanging-vayer s. an execution

d



18 SOMERSETSHIRE GLOSSARY.

Hanch v. to gore as a bull

Handles, (a pair of bangles) s. a pot or kettle-rack suspended
over tbe fire

Hank s. deaKngs witb

Happer v. to crackle, rattle like bail

Hard ad/, full grown, as bard stock, or sbeep ; a Hardboy a
boy of about 1 3 years old

Harr s. tbe part of a gate wbicb bolds tbe binges, ex. Heads
and barrs

Hart s. baft, or bandle as of knives, awls

Hat, or Het pret. of v. to bit

Hathe s. to be in batbe, i.e., to be tbickly covered witb pus-
tules, to be closely matted togetber

Haydigees, (g bard and soft) s. bigb spirits

Hay-sucker s. tbe wbite-tbroat

Hayty-tayty seesaw, also interj. wbat's bare !

Hay-ward s. pound-keeper, a keeper of bedges or bays (A S

hwig-weard)
Hedge-bore s. a rougb workman
Heel, Hell v. to pour out or in, bence Heel-taps
Heel V. to bide, to cover (A S Tielanj

Heeler s. one wbo bides or covers Proverb : Tbe beeler is as
bad as tbe stealer

Heft s. and v. weigbt, to lift up, from v. to beave

Hegler, or Higler s. an q^^ or fowl collector and dealer

Hellier s. a tiler, one wbo covers

Hel'm s. baulm of wbeat, beans, peas, potatoes (A S healmj

Hem pron. be or bim, ex. If bem bad bat bem as bem bat bem,
bem 'oud a kill'd bem or bem 'oud a kill'd bem

Hen V. to tbrow, see Aine

Hen-hussey s. a meddling ofl&cious person, a woman wbo
looks after poultry

Hent, or Hint v. to witber or dry up

Hern, His'n pron. ber's, bis

Herret s. a pitiful little wretcb

Hevel-twine s. a fine sort of twine



SOMERSETSIIIIIE GLOSSARY. 19

Hike off V. to steal away slily, to skulk off

Hirddick, Ruddick s. robin, ruddock

Hird-in, Hird-out v. to remove one's goods Transp. for rid

Him, Hum, Himd v. ijret. and -part, to run (A S yrnanj

Hive, or Heave v. to urge in vomiting

Hizy-prizy s. Nisi-prius

Hoak V. to goar as an ox

Hob V. to laugh loudly s. a clown

Hob s. a cheek of a grate

Hod s. a sheath, a cover

Hoddy adj. hearty

Hog, Hogget s. a sheep or horse one-year old

HogO s. strong savour or smell (Fr. haut gout J

Holders s. fangs of a dog

Holmen adj. made of holm or holly, as Holmen Clavel a

holly mantle piece
Holme-screech s. the missel- thrush, from its eating the berries

of the holly or holme tree
Homany s. a noise, disturbance
Home- to adv. up to
Honey-suck s. red clover
Hoop s. a bullfinch, ex. Cock-hoop, hen-hoop
Hoppet V. to hop
Hornen, Harnin adj. made of horn
Horse-godmother s. a masciiline woman
Houzen s. houses
Hove V. and s. to hoe, ex. To hove banes, hove turmits with

an auld hove
How V. to long for
Huck-muck s. strainer over the faucet
Hud s. as of gooseberry, the skin, hull, husk
Huf-cap s. a weed commonly found in fields
Hug s. the itch
Hulden v. to conceal, harbour
Hulley, or Holley 6. a basket-trap for eels



20 SOMERSETSHIRE GLOSSARY.

Hull V. to hurl

Hum-drum s. a three-wheeled cart

Humacks s. wild-briar stocks on which to graff roses

Ich (soft), i^row. I 'Cham I am; 'Ch'ool I will; 'Ch'ood
I would, &c.

Idleton s. an idle fellow

Infaring adj. lying within, as an infaring tithing, i.e, a
tithing within a borough

Insense v. to inform

Ire s. iron, " ire or mire " said of stiff clay soil

Ire-gaer s. iron work or gear

Ize pr. I, ex. Ize warrant you wiint

Jib s. the wooden stand for a barrel

Jigger s. a vessel of potter's ware used in toasting cheese

Jitch, Jitchy, Jissy adj. such, ex. Jitch placen, such places

Joan-in-the-wad s. will-of-the-wisp

Jonnick adv. fair, straight-forward

Jot V. to disturb in writing, to strike the elbow

Junket s. curds and cream with spices and sugar, &c., from
Ital. giuncata, cased in rushes ; from giunco, a rush ; a name
given in Italy to a kind of cream-cheese

Kamics, Kramics s. rest-harrow

Kearny adj. covered with a thin white mould ; applied to
cider

Keeker, Kyecker-pipe 1 the wind-pipe, a pervious pipe, from
Kyecker, Kyeck-horn j ^'^'^ *o look through

Keeve, or Kive s. a large tub used in brewing or cider

making v. to put the wort or cider in a keeve to ferment
Keep s. a large basket
KeiFel s. a bad, worn-out horse (Welsh, Keffyl)

Kern v. to coagulate as milk ; also applied to fruit and wheat
becoming visible after the blossoming

Kex, Kexy s. dry, pervious stalks, as of cow-parsley and
hemlock Kexies, see Keeker

Kid s. a pod To Kiddy v. ex. They do kiddy, but they
don't villy



SOMEUSETSIIIHE GLOSSARY. 21

Kilter s. money
Kircher s. caul, used by butchers
Kittle, or Kettle-Smock s. a carter's frock
Knap s. a rising- ground

Knee-sick adj. applied to corn when the stalk is not strong
enough to bear the ear

Knottle V. to entangle with knots
Knottlins s. the intestines of a pig prepared for food
Knot s. flower-bed
Knot-Sheep s. sheep without horns

Kowetop s. the barm which rises above the rim of the tub
Kurpy, Kerp v. to speak affectedly ; scold (Lat. increpare)
Labber v. to loll out the tongue

Lades, or Ladeshrides s. the sides of a waggon which project
over the wheels

Ladies-smock s. bindweed Convolvulus septum, Cardamme

pratensis
Lady-Cow s. lady-bird Coccinella septeynpunctata

Laiter 5. the whole number of eggs laid by a hen before
she becomes broody, ex. She 've lajiid out her .laiter

Lamiger s. lame, a cripple

Lar s. bar of a gate

Larks-lees, Leers v. neglected lands

Lart, Lawt s. a loft, as cock-lart, hay-lart, apple-lart

Lary, Leary, Lear adj. empty, thin s. flank ; Lear-quills,
small quills

Las-chargeable interj. be quiet ! i.e., he who last speaks or
strikes in contention is most to blame

Lat, or Lart s. a lath, ex. Lartin nails

Lat s. shelf

Latitat s. a noise or scolding

Lattin-sheet s. iron-tinned ; also as adj. made of tin, as a

Lattin Saucepan
Lave V. to throw water from one place to another ; to gutter,

as a candle
Lay-field s. a piece laid down to grass



22 SOMERSETSHIRE GLOSSARY.

Lea, Leaze, Leers s. an open pasture field

Leapy, Lippary s. wet, rainy weather

Learn, Larn v. to teach, ex. Who larned 'e thay tricks

Leathern-bird, Leather-wing s. the bat

Ledge v. lay hands on ; to lay eggs

Lent-lilies s. daffodils

Lescious ex. She is lescious of a place, i.e., knows of it
and thinks it may suit

Levers s. a species of rush or sedge

Levvy s. a level (Fr. levee)

Lew, Lewth, Lewthy shelter, sheltered, lee-side

Libbets s. tatters ; little-hits

Lidden s. a story, a song (Grer. lied)

Lief, Leaf v. leave ; ex. I would as lief

Ligget s. a rag

Lijon s. the main beam of a ceiling

Lip, or Lippen s. applied to certain vessels, as Ley-lip, Seed-
lip, Bee-lippen bee-hive (Wiclif's Test. : Leten hym
doun in a lepe be the wall Acts ix. 25)

Limmers, Limbers s. the shafts of a waggon or cart

Linch V. a ledge, hence "linch-pin" (A S Mine J

Linney,^Linhay s. an open shed

Lirp V. to limp

Lirripy adj. slouching

Lissom a. lithesome, active, supple

Lissum, or Lism s. a narrow slip of anything

Locking-bone s. the hip joint

Long-tailed Capon s. the long-tailed titmouse

Lug s. a pole ; a measure of land, perch or rod

Lug-lain s. full measure

Lumper-scrump s. cow-parsnip Seracleum sphondylium

Lurdin s. a sluggard (Fr. lourd)

Lizzom s. a shade of colour in heavy bread, or in a mow

Mace s. pi. acorns, mast



SOMERSETSTIIRE GLOSSARY. 23

Macky-moon s. a man who plays the fool

Maethe (th soft) sweet as meathe (Welsh Ifcdd, mead)

Mag-gems, Maay-geams s. May games, larking

Magne adj. great

Make- wise v. to pretend

Manchet s. a kind of cake eaten hot

Mandy adj. and v. haughty, domineering Commandy

Mang V. to mix

Mang-hangle adj. and s. mixed-up in a confused mass

Math s. a litter of pigs

Maules s. measles

May-bug s. cockchafer

Mawkin (maaking) an oven swab ; scare-crow ; a bundle
of rags

Mawn s. a basket (A S mandj

Maze-house s. madhouse

Mazy adj. mad, ex. I be mooast maazed ; a mazy ould vool

Mear, Mear-stone boundary (A S meare)

Meat-weer adj. applied to land capable of producing food
that is good, fit to eat ; applied to peas, beans, &c.

Meg s. the mark at which boys play pitch and toss

Meg's, or Maggotts Diversions s. rattling or wanton fun

Meg-with-the-wad s. will o' the wisp

Melander «. a row (Fr. melee)

Me'U v.a. to meddle, touch ; ex, I'll neither mell nor make ;

I ont mell o't, i.e., I will not touch it
Mesh s. moss ; lichen on apple-trees

Mesh s. a hare's creep or run v. to run through the same
Mess, Messy v- to serve cattle with hay s. Messin
Mid, Med v. might, ex. Nor zed a mid; midst, medst, ex.

Thou medst if wouldst
Midgerim s. mesentery
Mid'n might not, ex. I mid or I mid'n
Mig in the same sense
Milemas s. Michaelmas



24 SOMERSETSHIRE GLOSSARY.

Mind V. to remember

Misky form of misty

Miz-maze s. confusion

Mog V. to decamp, march off

Mooch V. to stroke down gently

Mood s. the mother of vinegar

Mole s. higher part of the back of the neck

Mommacks s. pi. fragments, scraps

Mommick, Mommet s. a scarecrow (Wiclifs N. Test. : "a
sacrifice to the mawmet " Act vii. 41)

Moocher, Mooching, Meecher s. one who skulks; absents
himself from school

Moor-coot s. a moor-hen

More s. a root

Moot V. to root up s. Mooting-axe

Moot s. that portion of a tree left in the ground after it has
been felled

Mop s. tuft of grass

More, Morey v.n. to take root ; applied to trees

Mother, Mothering s. white mould in beer or cider

Mothering-Sunday s. midlent Sunday, probably from the
custom of visiting the mother-churches during that season

Mought for might aux. verb

Mouse-snap s. a mouse-trap

Mouster v. to stir, to be moving

Mow-staddle s. a conical stone with a flat circular cap, used
for the support of a mow or stack of corn

Muddy-want s. a mole

Mullin s. methegKn

Mumper, Mump, Mumping a beggar, to beg

Nacker s. a nag

Nagging adj. applied to continued aching pain, as toothache ;
also, teasing with reproaches

Nammet, or Nummet 5. luncheon ; a short meal between
breakfast and dinner Noon-meat

Nan, Anan interj. Eh! what? (Shakes.)



SOMERSETSHIRE GLOSSARY. 25

Nap s. a small rising, a hillock

Nii-poast s. gnaw-post, a fool.

Nam, or Norn pron. neither, ex. Nam on's

Nasten v. a. to render nasty

Nathely adi;. nearly, as a baby is natliely pining away

Naunt s. aunt

Nawl s. navel ; Nawl-cut a term used by butchers

Neel, Neeld s. a needle (Shaks. Mid. N. Dr. iii. 2)

Nesh, Naish adj. tender, delicate (A S JmescJ

Nestle-tripe s. the poorest bird in the nest ; weakest pig in

the litter ; puny child
Never-the-near to no purpose
Newel ty s. novelty
Nickle v.n. to move hastily along in an awkward manner

adj. beaten down, applied to corn
Nicky, Nicky-wad s. a small fagot of thorns
Niddick s. the nape of the neck
Nif conj. if and if
'Nighst, Noist prep, nigh, near
Ninny-watch s. a longing desire
Nippigang, Nimpingang s. a whitlow
Nitch s. a burden, a f\igot of wood
Nix V. to impose on, to nick
Northern, Northering adj. incoherent, foolish
Nosset s. a dainty dish such as is fit for a sick person
'Nottamy s. applied to a man become very thin (anatomy)
Nug s. unshapen piece of timber, a block
Nug-head 6. a blockhead
Nuncle s. uncle v.a. to cheat
Nurt, or Nort nothing (w. of Parret)
Niithen s. a great stupid fellow
Oak-web (wuck-ub) s. cock-chafer, may-bug
Oak-wuck s. the club at cards
Oaves s. the eaves of a house



26 SOMERSETSHIRE GLOSSARY.

Odments s. pi. odd things, oflPals
Oh V. to long greatly
Old-man's-Beard s. clematis
Old-rot s. cow-parsnip fheracleumj
Onlight v.n. to alight from on horse-back
061 will o'ot wilt o'ot'n't wilt not
Ope s. an opening

Open-erse s. a medlar (A S open-cers), a fruit used medi-
cinally
Ordain v. to purpose
Orloge s. a clock (horologe)
Or'n pron. either, ex. O'rm o'm, either of them
Ort pron. aught, anything
Orts s. scraps, leavings

Oseny, or Osening v. to forbode, predict (A S wisian)
Ourn ours

Out-ax'd part, to have the bands fully published
Out-faring s. lying outside the borough
Over-get v, a. to overtake
Over-look v. a. to bewitch
Over-right (auver-right) adv. opposite

Ovvers s. pi. over-hanging bank of rivers, edge of rivers
(A S ojer)

Pair-of-Stairs s. a staircase with two landings

Pallee adj. broad, as pallee-foot, pallee-paw

Palme s. catkins of the willow (salix caprea)

Pame s. the mantle thrown over an infant who is going to
be Christened

Panchard-night s. Shrove-Tuesday night

Pank V. to pant

Papern adj. made of paper

Parget v. a. to plaster the inside of a chimney with mortar
made of cow-dung and lime

Parrick s. a paddock

Paumish adj. handling awkwardly



SOMEUSETSIIIHE GLOSSAHY. 27

Pautch, Pontch v. to tread in mire

Payze, 'Pryze v. to upraise with a lever (Fr. peserj

Peart adj. brisk

Pease v. to run out in globules

Peasen s. pi. of pea adj. made of peas, ex. Peasen-pudding

Peazer s. a lever

Peek, Peeky, Peekid adj. pinched in face by indisposition

Peel s. a pillow

Pen, Penning, Pine, Cow-pine s. an enclosed place in which

cattle are fed
Pen s. a spigot
Pick, Peckis s. pick-axe
Pick, Peek *. hay-fork
Pigs 8. pixies, fairies, as in the common saying, "Please

God and the pigs "
Pig's-hales s. hawes
Pig's-looze s. pig's-sty
Pilch, Pilcher s. a baby's woollen clout
Pill s. a pool in a river
Pill-coal s. peat from a great depth
Pillow-tie, Pillow-beer s. pillow-case
Pilm, Pillum s. dust
Pin, Pin-bone s. the hip
Pind, Pindy adj. fusty, as corn or flour
Pin'd adj. applied to a saw which has lost its pliancy

Pine, Pwine, Pwining-end, and Pwoin ting-end s. the gable-
end of a house

Pinions s. p. the refuse wool after combing (Fr. peignerj

Pink-twink s. chaffinch

Pinswheal, Pinswil, Pensil s. a boil with a black head

Pirl, Pirdle v. to spin as a top

Pix, Pex, or Pixy v. to pick up fruit, as apples or walnuts,
after the main crop is taken in

Pixy s. a fairy Pixy-stool s. toad-stool

Planch 5. Planchant adj. a wood floor (Fr. planche)



28 SOMEESETsniRE GLOSSARY.

Plazen &.pl. places

Plim, Plum V. n, to swell, to increase in bulk, as soaked
peas or rice

Plough 5. a team of horses ; also a waggon and horses, or
a waggon and oxen

Plough-path s. bridle-path

Plud s. the swamp surface of a wet ploughed field

Pock-fretten, Pock-fredden adj. marked with small-pox

Pog V. to push, to thrust with a fist

Pomice, Pummice, Pummy, or Pumy-Squat s. apples pounded

for making cider (Fr. pommej
Pomple adj. responsible, trustworthy
Pompster, or Pounster v. to tamper with a wound, or disease,

without knowledge or skill in medicine

Ponted adj. bruised, particularly applied to fruit, as a ponted
apple

Pooch V. to pout

Pook s. the stomach, a veil

Pook s. a cock of hay

Popple s. a pebble

Porr V. to stuff or cram with food

Pot-waller s. one whose right to vote for a member of Par-
liament is based on his having a fire-place whereon to boil
his own pot, as at Taunton

Pound-house s. house for cider-making

Prey v. to drive the cattle into one herd in a moor, which is
done twice a year {i. e., at Lady- day and at Michaelmas),
with a view to ascertain whether any person has put stock
there without a right to do it

Proud-tailor s. gold-finch

Pulk, or Pulker s. a small pool of water

Pumple, or Pumple-foot s. club-foot

Pur, or Pur-hog s. a one-year-old male sheep

Purt V. to pout, to be sullen

Puskey adj. short-breathed, wheezing

Putt «. a manure cart with two or three broad wheels



SOMERSETSIIIUK OLOSSAUY. 29

Puxy s. a sloiigli, a muddy place

Pyer s. a hand-rail across a wooden bridge (Fr. .^''apuyerj

Quar V. to coagulate — applied to milk in tlie breast

Quarrel, Quarrey s. a pane of glass

Quat adj. full, satisfied

Queane s. a little girl, a term of endearment

Queest, Quisty s. a wood-pigeon or blue-rock A quarish
queest s. a queer fellow

Quilled, or Queeled adj. withered, as grass

Quine s. a corner (Fr. coin)

Quirk, Quirky v. to complain, to groan, grunt

Quat, or Aquat adj. sitting flat, like a bird on its eggs
to quat V. n. to squat (It. quatto)

Qwerk s. the clock of a stocking

Rade, or Rede s. part of the tripe or stomach of a bullock,
the maw

Raening adj. thin, applied to cloth

Raft-up V. to disturb from sleep

Rain-pie s. woodpecker, yuckle

Rake v. n. to rouse up

Rally V. to scold

Ram V. to lose, by throwing a thing beyond reach

Rammel adj. (raw milk), applied to cheese made of un-
skimmed milk

Rams-claws s. p. crow's foot

Rampsing adj. tall

Range s. a sieve

Rangle v. to twine, move in a sinuous manner

Rangling Plants s. such as entwine round other plants, as
hops, woodbine

Rap V. to exchange

Rape V. to scratch

Rare adj. raw, or red, as meat

Rasty, Rusty adj. rancid, gross, obscene

Ratch V. to stretch



30 SOMERSETSHIRE GLOSSARY.

Rathe, Rather early, soon Milton: "the rathe prim-
rose "

Rathe-ripe s. an early kind of apple ; also a male or female
that arrives at full maturity before the usual age

Raught part, and past tense reached, ex. E' raught down
his gun

Rawn V. a. to devour greedily

Rawning-knife s. the large knife with which butchers clear
their meat ; cleaver

Rawny adj. thin, meagre

'Ray V. a. to dress Unray to undress

Read, Reed v. to strip the fat from the intestines

Readship, or Retchup, Rechip, Rightship s. truth, depend-
ence, trustworthiness

Ream v. a. to widen, to open, to stretch s. an instrument
or tool for widening a hole (generally used for metals)
V. n. to bear stretching Reamy adj.

Reams, Rames s.pl. the dead stalks of potatoes, &c. ; skeleton

(Query Remains)
Re-balling s. the catching of ells with earthworms (yeasses)

attached to a ball of lead
Reed s. wheat-straw prepared for thatching (w. of Parret)
Reen, or Rhine s. watercourse, or dyke ; an open drain
Reeve v. n. to shrivel up, to contract into wrinkles
Remlet s. a remnant
Reneeg v. to withdraw from an engagement (Lat. renegare)

(Shaksp. Ant. and Cleop. i. 5}
Rere-Mouse s. a bat (A S hrere-mus)
Revel-twine s. same as Hevel-twine
Revesse s. the burden of a song, from vessey, v. to make

verses
Rew s. row V. to put grass in rows
Rexen s. p. rushes (A S rtxej
Rip V. to rate or chide
Riscous applied to bread imperfectly baked
Robin-riddick, or Ruddock s. redbreast



SOMEKSETSIIIUK GLOSSARY. 31

Roddicks, Roddocks s. ex. Off the ruddocks, as a cart off tlio
grooves of the axle

Rode iK n. to go out to shoot wikl fowl which pass over head
on the wing early at night or in the morning ; also applied
to the passage of the birds themselves, ex. The woodcocks'
rode

Roe-briar s. the large dog-rose briar

Roller, Rawler, Brawler s. a bundle of reed, ex. As weak
as a rawler

Rompstal s. a rude girl

Ronge V. to gnaw, to devour (Fr. rongerj

Room, Rhume s. scurf of the scalp

Root-chains s. main plough chains

Roozement s. a slip or falKng-in of earth

Ropy adj. wine or other liquor is ropy when it becomes thick
and coagulated ; also bread when a kind of second fermen-
tation takes place in warm weather

Rose V. n. to drop out from the pod or other seed-vessel
when the seeds are over ripe

Rose, Rooze-in v. to fall in, as the upper part of a quarry,

or well
Round-dock s. the common mallow
Rouse-about adj. big, unwieldly
Rout V. to snore

Rowless adj. roofless A Rowless Tenement an estate

without a house
Rowsse V. to rush out with a great noise
Rozzim, Rozzums s. quaint sayings, low proverb
Ruck V. to couch down

' ' What is mankind more unto you yhold
Than is the shepe that rouketh in the fold."

(Chaucer, Knight's Tale)
Rudderish adj. rude, hasty

Ruge V. n. to hang in folds, to wrinkle (Lat. rugoe)
Rungs, Rongs s. pi. the rounds of a ladder, also of a chair
Rushen adj. made of rushes
Sand-tot s. sand-hill



32 SOMERSETSHIRE GLOSSARY.

Sape s. sap of trees, juice of fruit Sapey adj. as fruit-tart

Sar, Sarve v. to earn wages

Scad s. a sudden and brief shower

Scamblin s. irregular meal

Scarry-whiff adv. askew

Scorse, Squoace, Squiss v. to exchange, barter

' ' And there another, that would needsly scorse
A costly jewel for a hobby-horse "

(Drayton's Moon Calf)
Scottle V. to cut into pieces wastefully

Scourge-mettle s. the instrument with which a boy whips

his top
Scovin, Scubbin s. the neck and breast of lamb

Scrambed, Shrambed adj. deprived of the use of some limb
by a nervous contraction of the muscles ; benumbed with
cold

Scrint v. to scorch, singe ; also to shrink a good deal in
burning, as leather, silk, &c.

Scun V. to reproach with the view of exposing to contempt
or shame (A 8 scunian, to shun, avoid)

Scurrick, Scurrig s. any small coin, a mere atom ; ex. I
havn' t a scurrick left

Scute s. a sum of money, a gratuity, the impress on ancient
money, from scutem, a shield. So ecu, Fr., a crown ;
shilling, from A S scild, a shield. Chaucer uses sliildes for
ecus, i.e., crowns

Seam s. a horse-load (A S seam J

Seed-lip s. a sower's seed basket

Seem, Zim v. to think, to be of opinion ; ex. I do zim, or
zim t' I

Seltimes adv. seldom

Sense v. to understand

Seven-sleeper s. dormouse

Shab s. itch or mange in brutes adj. Shabby

Shaff-Tuesday s. Shrove-Tuesday

Shalder s. rush, sedge growing in ditches

Sham s. a horse-hoe



SOMEHSETSlllUE GLOSSAKY. 33

Share, Sheare s. the quantity of grass cut at one harvest, u crop

Sharps .?. shafts of a cart

Shaul V. to shell, to shed the first teeth

Shaw i\ to scold sharply

Sheen adj. bright, shining

Shec s. a sheath, ex. Scissis-sheer

Shelving-stone s. a blue tile or slate for covering the roofs
of houses

Shod part, of v. to shed ex. No use crying for shod milk

Showl s. for shovel

Shrig r. a. to shroud or trim a tree

Shrowd, Shride s. loppings of trees

Shuckning adj. shuffling

Shut V. to weld iron

Shuttles, Shittles s. floodgates

Sife, Sithe v. and s. to sigh

Sig s. urine (Dutch v. zeycken)

Silch, Sulch V. to soil, daub

Silker s. a court-card

'Sim t' I it seems to me

Simlin s. a kind of fine cake intended for toasts

Sin, Sine conj. since, because

Sinegar s. the plant stocks

Singlegus s. the orchis

Skag s. a rent, tear, wound

Skenter, Skinter adj. relaxed, as applied to oxen

Skiff-handed adj. awkward

Skiffle 8. as to make a skiffle, to make a mess of any business

Skifflihg s. the act of whittling a stick

Skilly s. oatmeal porridge

Skimps 5. the scales and refuse of flax

Skimmerton-riding s. the effigy of a man or woman unfaith-
ful to marriage vows carried about on a pole accompanied by
rough music from cows'-horns and frying-pans. Formerly it
consisted of two persons riding on a horse back to back, with
ladleH and ^narrow-hones in hand, and was intended to ridicule


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