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SOUTH AUSTRALIA



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ANNUAL REPORT



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SOUTH AUSTRALIAN RAILWAY COMMISSIONERS



FOB



THE YEAR 1890-91



Ordered by the House of Assembly to be printed^ November I9th, 1891.



ADELAIDE:

BY AUTHORITY : C. E. BRISTOW, GOVERNMENT PRINTER, NORTH-TERRACE.



1891.

A— No. 47.



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SOUTH AUSTRALIAN RAILWAYS.



Sir — Railway Commissioners' Office, Adelaide, November 17th, 1891.

In pursuance of the provisions of the 60th section of the South Australian Railways Commis-
sioners Act of 1887, we beg to submit our annual report for the year ending the 30th June, 1891.

The general results of the year's working, exclusive of the Palmerston and Pine Creek section,
which is dealt with separately, are as under : —

Revenue.

1891. 1890. Increase.

Coaching £341,267 £316,396 £24,871

Merchandise and live stock 646,500 540,682 105,818

Minerals 236,232 186,800 49,432

Total £1,223,999 £1,043,878 £180,121

EXPEITDITURE.

1891. 1890. Increase.

Maintenance . £167,444 £145,652 £21,792

Locomotive and horse power 282,074 221,193 60,881

Traffic and general charges 167,66 1 162,160 5,501

Total £617,179 £529,005 £88,174

For the year the net profit amounts to £606,820, or 5-32 per cent, upon a total capital of
£11,398,839, which had been expended in the construction of railways and tramways and various
wharves and jetties up to the 30th June last. Of this amount £10,962,614 has been raised by loans,
and the balance of £436,225 has been expended out of the general revenue of the colony.

The working expenses for the year were 60'42 per cent, of the revenue, or '26 per cent, less
than the previous year. The increase of £180,121 over the previous year was earned at a cost of
£88,174, or 49 per cent., which is less than the general cost of working for the year ; results which,
we trust, will be regfuxled as satisfactory.

Both the revenue and the expenditure were affected by the maritime strike, which prevailed
for nine weeks in 1890. The loss in revenue was not less than £12,000, while the extra cost of fuel
was £16,500.

Steps were taken to minimise the loss as far as possible by a reduction in the train mileage,
and, although it was a period of great anxiety, we were able to make such arrangements as
rendered it unnecessary for us to adopt what appeared at one time to be the only course open,
viz., the discharge of a large number of the employes.

As this is the second time within three years that the working of the department has been
most seriously prejudiced by the enhanced price we have had to pay for fuel, caused through the
troubles that have arisen between the employer and the employed, we have considered it not only
desirable, but absolutely necessary, to obtain such a stock of fuel as will be ample to see us safely
through any difficulties of the kind if they should imfortunately arise.

We have entered into a contract for the supply of coal, on more favorable terms than before, for
a period of three years from July 1st.

The progress of the railways during the last ten years will be readily seen from the following
statement : —



Year ended
June 30th.


Mileage Open.


Capitol Cost of
Miles Open.


Gross Earnings.


"Working
Expenses.


Net Revenue.


Percentage of
Net Revenue
on Capital Cost.






£


£


£


£




1882


945t


5,355,389


442,371


304,832


137,539


2-57


1883


972


5,923,159


485,660


333,790


151,870


266


1884


l,036t


6,663,614


567,055


372,187


184,868


2-77


1885


l,063i


7,242,605


659,104


403,800


255,303


3-53


1886


1,21 li


7,533,500


549,092


370,663


178,438


2-37


1887


l,4l9i


JB,461,274


595,192


382,306


212,886


2-52


1888


1,500


9,395,533


883,713


432,274


451,439


4-80


1889


1,543


9,720,078


887,065


493,326


393,739


405


1890


l,6l0i


10,234,749


1,043,878


529,005


514,874


5-03:


1891


1,666


11,398,839


1,223,999


617,179


606,820


5-32



The average yearly return yielded by the railways for the above period was £3 lis. per cent. ^

The
No. 47.



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SOUTH AUSTRALIAN RAILWAYS.

The amount of interest payable to the bondholders for the year on the loans raised for the
construction of railways and not redeemed was £431,161, or at the rate of £4 Is. per cent, per
annum. As the net revenue from the working of the railways amounted to £606,820, the balance
available for the general revenue was £176,659, compared with £97,878 in the previous year.

Up to the present year the cost of the various works detailed below had been kept separate
from the cost of the railways, but as they contribute to the railway revenue it is only right that
their cost should be debited to the railway capital account. For the first time, therefore, the
additional sum of £323,697 is included in this account.

£

Kingston Jetty 39,627

Murray Bridge 120,967

Coalshed Wharf, Port Adelaide 34,727

Port Broughton Jetty 5,199

Port Pine Wharf 16,346

Port Wakefield Wharf • 11,191

Beachport Jetty 29,694

Wallaroo Jetty 38,668

Victor Harbor Jetty Extension 27,278

£323,697

Including the above, the amount added to the capital expenditure during the year was
£631,681, of which £16,485 was taken from the general revenue, and the balance of £515,196
provided from loan.

In addition to the foregoing, the sum of £345,895, being the amount short raised in the
floating of the loans, has for the first time been added to the capital account as representing a por-
tion of the cost of the railways.

The number of passengers who travelled on the railways was 5,295,991, compared with
4,805,934 in the previous year, showing an increase of 490,057.

The following were the increases in tonnage as compared with the previous year, viz. : —
General goods and livestock, 62,682; minerals, 75,674. In grain there was a decrease of 18,893.

The receipts per mile open were £747, as compared with £658 during the previous year, and
per train mile 77*94d. as against 75'82d.

The working expenses per mile open were £377, as compared with £333 during the previous
year ; and per train mile, 39'30d. as against 38'42d.

The total miles run were 3,769,225, this being an increase over the previous year of 464,861
miles.

The amount received and included in the general revenue for the carriage of materials required
for lines in course of construction was £6,730.

The following statement will no doubt prove interesting : —
Amount of Ordinary, Preference, and Loan CapitaL — Rate of Dividend and Average Working Expenses.



United
Kingdom



South
Australia



Year \
ending r
Dec 31, (

1890. )

Year \
ending /

June 30, (

1891. ;



Ordinary.



332,070,153



•1
5



Preference.



4-51



332,889,003



•1



4-13



Loans.






1232,512,870 399



£11,398,839



1 5-32



1^1

in



54-3



50-42






d.
58-61



d,
77-94



^1

1^



d.
31-82



d,
39-30



The section of the Transcontinental Line between Warrina and Ocdnadatta, 54 miles 34 chains
in length, was opened for traffic on the 7th January last. The deviation at the Eiver Neales is
still being used; but the bridge is nearly completed, and wiU be ready for traffic by the 1st
January, 1892.

The line having been practically completed to the point authorised by Parliament, it is now
desirable that the future policy in regard to this line should be considered and settled. If

the



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BAILWAT COMMISSIONERS KEFOBT. «*

intention of constructinff the line as a new route through the continent, and to
fi country for the development of its pastoral and mineral resources, is to be
k, it is desirable that the rate of construction, the method of carrying out the
the means by which the requisite funds are to be provided, should receive early
Although the results so far derived from the extension of the line north of Hergott are
louraging, it would appear to be almost a matter of certainty that the section in question
^rn sufficient to cover the working expenses and the interest on the capital outlay if it
solely upon the traffic from the district which it serves. There is little reason to doubt
> has now bridged the worst of the poor country, and all the reports go to show that
3sent terminus it improves.

rchase of the Largs Bay railway and jetty for the sum of £11,500 was completed by
nent on the 16th February, when the undertaking was handed over to us to work and

ihe 1st May, upon a guarantee from the passengers principally using the line and
ners, we undertook the working of the Grange railway for a period of six months ;
• request, has since been extended for another six months, so that we may see the results
ing for the full period of twelve months.

aversion of the Wallaroo and Moonta tramway into a locomotive line having been
by Parliament, the work was commenced on the 1st June, 1891, and will be completed
lie of December.

w locomotive works and offices at Islington are practically completed, and the work of
m Adelaide will be commenced forthwith.

fcbe removal has been efFected the ground will be available for the new Adelaide station, the
r which is becoming more pronounced every year ; and we venture to hope that Parliament
y deal with the question — that this much-needed improvement, and the facilities for
y providing for the accommodation of the travelling public, will be authorised.

sequence of the heavy expense attending the working of the traffic between Adelaide
lelaide, and which amounted to no less than 85 per cent, of the receipts, we determined
390, to adopt the system of letting trucks upon the conditions specified in the tariff,
liave fully justified our action, for the expenses of working have been reduced to 43 per
le profit nas increased by £5,000 over the previous year.

Ist January a revised tariff was brought into operation. The most careful considera-
tion was given to every detail. In some instances the readjustment of unremunerative charges
previously in force involved a slight increase ; but the general effect was to reduce by about
JE15 000 per annum the cost to the freighter, altogether independent of the special arrangements
niade for the purpose of securing and developing the important traffic of the Barrier district.

The gross receipts from the Barrier traffic have been as under : —

Year ending Tonnage. Receipts.

June 30tb, l8S9 135,876 £295,652

1890 226,777 383,681

1891 333,880 517,587

In May last a contract was entered into with Messrs. Martin & Co., Limited, of Gawler, for
the manufacture of ninety-two engines at a cost of £309,266, to be delivered in five years.

Their previous contract was for the manufacture of fifty-two engines at a cost of £167,700,
which were to be delivered within seven years from May, 1888. Up to the 30th June six broad
and ten narrow-gauge engines have been delivered ; seven have since been delivered, and the Com-
pany has promised to complete seventeen more by the 30th June next.

From the 1st November we have announced that all ordinary return tickets issued at stations
on the South Australian Railways, and through tickets to New South Wales and Queensland, are
to be available for six months, a concession which we have no doubt will be fully appreciated by
the travelling public.

We have during the year, in accordance with our usual practice, made a complete iDspection
of all the railways, and found that they were in all respects being thoroughly well maintained.
The want of an efficient water supply on the North line between Gawler and Petersburg has been
felt very much during the last year, and steps are now being taken to ensure an ample supply in
the future. Various additional works for the better conduct of the traffic and the accommodation
of the public will be carried out as soon as the requisite funds are placed at our disposal.

The increase of the cost of the maintenance of the railways is due principally to the repairs
required on the section between Adelaide and Terowie. The traffic is now very heavy ; and, with a
view of still further improving the line, it is being re-sleepered and re-ballasted, and arrangements
made for relaying the present rails with rails weighing 801bs. to the yard. The road will then be
fit to carry any engines and traffic that may be put upon it. We propose to defray the whole cost
of these improvements out of working expenses.

From the above remarks it wiU be seen that the working of the South Austrailan railways for
the past year has been attended with the most satisfactory financial results. We have endeavored
to meet all reasonable requests on the part of the traders, to provide as efficient a train service as
the traffic would warrant, and, whenever practicable, to accelerate and improve it. In

No. 47.



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6 SOUTH AUSTRALIAN RAILWAYS.

In some quarters efforts have been made, consequent upon the buoyancy of the railway
revenue, to obtain a reduction of the tariff charges for the staple produce oi the country ; but we
think it desirable to point out that the utmost caution is necessary in adopting any such line of
action. Our revenue from that source depends upon the seasons, and if they are uirfavorable the
traffic must of necessity be seriously affected. When once, however, rates have been reduced,
experience has shown that it is a matter of extreme difficulty to restore them to their former level.
The expense of working the railways must also be taken into consideration; the tendency
always being in the upward direction, for higher wages and shorter hours are, not alone in the rail-
way world, the requests of the day.

While expenses are increasing it is only when a larger and profitable traffic can be developed
that any reduction of rates and fares can be justified, and we submit that it should be left with us
to say, after a thorough inquiry into all the facts and with a complete knowledge of all the details,
what reductions should or should not be made.

We desire to bear testimony to the care and attention on the part of the officers and staff in the
working of the traffic during the past year, and at the same time to state that we have every reason
to believe that the cordial feeling we entertain towards them is fully reciprocated.



PALMERSTON AND PINE CREEK LINE.

The revenue for the year ending June 30th, 1891, was £15,310.

The working expenses for the same period amounted- to £13,910^ leaving a balance of £1,400
towards the payment of the interest charges.

The number of passengers who travelled was 4,515, and 2,426 tons of goods and livestock were
carried.

The receipts were £105 and the working expenses £95 per average mile open.

The train miles run were 31,470.

The returns show a slight improvement over the ^irevious year, ei{ad. measures have been
taken to still further reduce the expenses, which, in the mamtenance department, have been heavier
than usual in consequence of the damage caused by the floods in April last.



PUBLIC SUPPLY AND TENDER DEPARTMENT.

A report from the Chief Storekeeper upon the operations for the year is appended hereto.

We have every reason to believe that under the existing regulations the work of the depart-
ment will be carried on satisfactorily, and that considerable financial benefit will be the result of
having the supplies for the various Government departments under the control of the board, not
only as regards their purchase, but the care, custody, and issue of the same.

Biennial contracts terminating on the 30th June, 1893, have been let for general supplies to
Government departments^ The opportunity has thus been given to merchants to make long-dated
arrangements to the advantage oi the Government, and the heavy outlay involved in the letting
of contracts year by year has been reduced.

An examination of the stock has shown that there is a large quantity of stores that can never
realise the price at which they have been standing for years in the books of the department. We
propose, during the current year, to have a careful valuation made, and then make a recommen-
dation to the Government as to the course which should be adopted to adjust the accounts in regard
to the same and to put the whole matter on a sound financial basis.

Appended hereto are reports from the Engineer-in-Chief and Locomotive Engineer, together
with the usual diagrams and statistics.

We have the honor to be.
Sir,
Your most obedient servants,

J. H. SMITH, Chairman.



To the Hon. the Commissioner of Public Works.



A. ^^.^NEILL, j Commissioners.

Comparafive



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BAILWAT COMMISSIOKEBS' REPORT.

Comparative Summary for year ending June 30^A, 1891, with yeir ending June 30M, 1890.



Items.



1890-91.



1889-90.



Miles open at close of year, 3ft. 6in. gauge
Do. do., 5ft. Sin. do. .

Average miles open for the year

Capital cost on miles open and completed .
Do. per mile do. do.



Passenger traffic by ordinary and season tickets .

Coaching do. other than the above

freight

do

do

do. other than the above . . .

do



Mineral


do.


Grain


do.


Wool


do.


Goods


do.


Livestock


do.



Miscellaneous' earnings . • . .
Revenue — (Gross earnings)



Working expenses

Net revenue

Percentage of working expenses to revenae

Do. of net revenue to capital cost on-average miles

<^en

Passengers carried — Ordinary and season tickets



Minerals carried* .tons

Grain do '•

Wool do "

Goods do. other than the above *'

LiTCStock do "

Goods an4 livestock, gross tonnage, freight paying . . . .



Cattle carried ~.

Sheep do i

Average miles travelled per passenger

Do. do. per ton of goods

Average receipts per passenger per mile d.

Do. do. per ton of goods per mile d.

Train miles

Total earnings per train mile d.

Total working expenses per train mile d.

Total earnings per average mile open

Total working expenses per do.

Locomotives

Coaching vehicles

Goods and livestock vehicles

Population — approximately

Miles of line open for every one thousand of population

— approximately

Population for every mile of line opened



No.

l,161i

504J

1,637 J



50-42

5'82
5,^296,991



381.006
206,101

23^254
547,540

16,213



1,174,114



31,130"

39i;i28

1404

87*68

0-87

1-69

3,769,225

nu

39-30



216

325

5,383

320,000



5J

192



11,398,839
6,842



269,750
63,972

236,232
73,715
32,240

440,993
49,909
48.188



1,223,999



617,179
606,820



747
377



No.

l,107i

503
1,587 J



50-68

5-03'
4,805,934



305,332
224,9^4

23,^7
488,115

13,943



1,054,651



21,885

389,472

13-62

79-73

0-91

1-78

3,304,364

75-82

38-42



202

300

5,160

328,000



5

204



£ -



10,302,472
6,398



249,132
59,793

186,800
79,200
29,100

360,350
38,242
41,261



1,043,878



529,005
514,873



658
333



October 27th, 1891.
No. 47.



The above is exclusive of the Pahnerston line.

J. PICKERING, Comptroller.



LIST



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SOUTH AUSTRALIAN KAILWAT8.



LIST OF THE TABLES.



Ko.

1 DaiM at Opening and the Lengths of the difFerent Lines 9

2 Statement at Lines Authorised and in Progress, but Not Opened for Trafic 10

8 PaUic DeM for Railways 10

4 Loans— Piorision and Bxpenditnre 12

4a Beoeipts and Sxpenditure on Ci^tal Accoont IS

b General Balance-sheet 13"

6 Statement of Cost of Construction an 1 Additional Beqnirements, the Interest Paid, and BoQing-slock 14

7 Berenne Account — All Lines 16

8 Detailed Statement of Mileage 17

9 Statement of Miles Opened for Traffic 17

10 Statement of Coaching and Merchandise Traffic 18-

11 AnalysiB of Berenue 19

12 Return of Mileage of Passengers, Tons of Goods Carried, and Receipts per Mile 20>

13 Statement of Live Stock and Principal Items of Merchandise Forwarded from each Statum • 21

14 Compantiye Summary of Working Expenditure, Revenue, and Per Cent, on Capital Expended 26

16 Analysis of Working Expenses 2&

16 Statement of Expenditure for All Railway Purposes 81

17 Comparative Statement for Ten Yean ....• 83

18 Statement of Revenue and Working Expenditore on All Systems from Commencement 34

19 Return of the Numher and Nature of Accidents to Life and Limb 35

20 Statement of the Number of Persons Employed 36

21 Palmerston Line — Mileage Open 37

22 " PubUcDebt 37

23 " Loans Provision and Expenditure 37

24 ** Receipts and Expenditure on Capital Account 38

26 " Balance-sheet 38

26 ** Cost of Construction, Interest, Rolling Stock, ftc 38

27 '* Comparative Revenue Account 39

28 ** MileageRun 89

29 ** Coaching and Merchandise Traffic 39

30 ** Analysis of Revenue 40

31 " Comparative Mileage Return re Passengen, Goods, &c 40

32 ** Livestock and Merchandise Forwarded 41

33 '* Summary of Working Expenditure 41

34 " Analysis of Working Expenses 42

35 " Expenditure for all Railway Purposes 43

36 " Persons Employed 43

37 '* Comparative Statement for Two Yean 44

38 ** Revenue, Working Expenditure, and Interest on Bonds 44



APPENDIX


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