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in horses ; the same in sheep, swine, and poultry.

The Committee then took a recess till 2 o'clock.

At 2 o'clock the Committee met.

Mr. Phillips introduced the following propositions relative
to an exhibition by breeders, of their stock of Short-horn
cattle :

** Mr. D. M. Uhl hereby proposes to show, at the State Fair
of 1871, his Short-horn cow Florence, and such a number of
her progeny, owned by him at this date, as he pleases, against
any Short-horn cow and her progeny, owned by any breeder in
the State at this date, the money value of the whole of the
stock to be taken into consideration, for a sweepstakes premium
of $100, to be deposited with the Treasurer of the State Soci-
ety thirty days before the State Fair, by each party making an
entry, and to be paid to the party whose stock is decided to



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248 IlEPOKT OF THE SECRETARY OF THE

be the most valuable, by a committee appointed by the State
Society.

" He also proposes to show the Short-horn two-year-old bull
Colonel Welsh, against any Short-horn bull of' a like age bred
by Mr. Curtis of Addison, for the sum of 150 a side, the
money to be deposited with the Treasurer of the State Agri-
cultural Society thirty days previous to the next State Fair ;
the whole of the money deposited to go to the party whose
animal is decided to be the most worthy by a committee
appointed by the State Society."

After some discussion as to the usefulness and practicability
of the proposals, they were withdrawn.

Mr. Gilbert moved that a special committee be appointed, to
consist of the President, Mr. Baxter, and Mr. C. W. Greene,
whose duty it shall be to confer with the parties making prop-
ositions for holding the next State Pair, and that said com-
mittee shall report their action within sixty days from the
adjournment of this meeting. The said committee also to
bave authority to decide upon such location, or to submit the
subject to the Executive Committee, as may be deemed most
expedient.

The resolution was agreed to, and the committee appointed,
after some discussion and inquiry, during which Mr. Stout
thought the question should be more fully discussed in Gen-
eral Committee, and proceeded to advocate the claims of the
northern portion of the State upon the Society.

Messrs. Shoemaker of Jackson, Pratt of Kalamazoo, Griggs
and Scranton of Grand Bapids, and others submitted remarks
and suggestions, from which it was decided that the commit-
tee would forward to each competing locality plans and
descriptions of the buildings required for the fair, previous to
calling upon the citizens for propositions.

Dr. Pratt said it would be desirable to know whether the
Society contemplated the erection of permanent buildings.



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STATE BOARD OF AGRICULTURE. 24D

with the purpose of using them for future fairs, or only such
temporary affairs as it had been the custom to provide.

Mr. Johnstone, the Secretary, said this phase of the question
was a very important one. Permanent buildings were desira-
ble — a necessity — for the future success and efficiency of the
Society, and the best results would be reached by having them
in all the principal sections of the State, so that fairs could be
held in them at each, for a single year at a time, and returning
regularly every four or six years, according to the number of
places provided. But it was simply an impossibility for the
Society now, or even in the next ten years, to erect such build-
ings. They might,,however, with the assistance of each local-
ity, erect one at a time, — a floral hall at first, — using temporaiy
structures, as now, for the rest, and adding others in succeed-
ing years as they might be able.

Mr. Gilbert moved that the Secretary prepare a schedule of
the buildings and fixtures necessary for the next State Pair, and
furnish it to the special committee on location.

Mr. Dean, from the Finance Committee, made the following
report :

The Committee on Finance respectfully submit the following
report, after having examined the Treasurer's and Secretary's
reports, which have been referred to them :

We find tliat the Treasurer had on hand at the beginning of the year |1,224 44

That be received daring the 3''ear 18,150 14

$14,874 98

Hehaspaid outon account of 1869 $621 02

On bnsinees checks of 18T0.- 8,962 68

On premium (Oiecks of 1870 6,840 00

$15,918 95

There was due bim for advances on January 1 $1,589 87

Besides this balance we find that there have been issued business

chocks not yet presented... $198 42

Premium checks not presented 676 00

Premiums reported at this meeting 125 00

894 4»

$2,488 19

32



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250 BEPOBT OF THE 8ECEETARY OF THE

The resources which the Society have to meet this, consist
of the balance of unpaid subscriptions.

Wlw>le amotmt sabscribecL $674 70

Of which there has been paid 1 429 70

Balance due and unpaid of Jackson sabecription $145 00

Uncollected acconnts of 1860 at Jackson 70 89

Uncollected balances of 1870 189 68

Amount invested towards museum building at Kormal School 8,250 00

Estimated value of buildings at Jackson 8,600 00

Total assets of Society $7,104 82

Your committee believe this to be a fair statement of the
financial condition of the Society's affairs. It is not so prom-
ising as we hoped it would be, and we have therefore given
some attention to the details of its expenditures, and of its
receipts. We found that its receipts during the year have
been considerably less than those of the previous year, while
its expenditures, in some respects, have been larger than ever
expected. The amount of construction and outlay in pre-
paring the grounds and buildings is stated by the Secretary's
report at $3,386 25, and of this we find that there was fully
$1,500 expended in the work of fitting up Floral Hall, but of
this there are many articles which are on hand, and we may
mention that it took $90 worth of glazing and 1,400 yards of
muslin to do the work that was deemed necessary. So with
regard to the water supply. It was found necessary to con-
duct the water to several points on the grounds, and the outlay
for water was $153 60, a large portion of which was for the
gas-pipe through which the water was conducted, and which
has been taken up and is stored away for use. Last year the
digging of the wells, the sinking of the fountain in Floral
Hall, and the work necessary to give a supply of water, cost
the Society $402. Another expense which was deemed neces-
sary was that of making tl)e halls look respectable, and the
cost of lime and work amounts to $230. Another item is that
for meals for oflScers and Viewing Committees. These expend-
itures include the cost of the gat€-keepers, police, and watch-



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STATE BOARD OF AGKICULTURE. 251

men^ and other assistants needed on the grounds daring the
days of the Fair, as well as that of the members of the yiew-
ing committees. The printing is another large item of
expense, reaching altogether nearly to the amount of $900 ; all
of which seems to be necessary, but which should be done
with the greatest economy.

In looking oyer the returns of income, and comparing them
with those of the past year, your committee finds that there
has been considerable falling off. Last year it was requested
by the Executive Committee that the citizens' subscriptions
here should be $1,500, but of this amount there was subscribed
only $574 70, and only $419 70 of this was paid, while of this
there was $144 70 that came from the 10 per cent allowed the
Society by the State Prison authorities. There is always a
falling off in subscriptions, and though promised $5,000 in
1869, yet the Society never realized over $4,000, a large amount
being unpaid. In the sale of tickets, also, and in the returns
of percentage by the only two railroads which have assisted
the Society, there has been during the past year a falling off
of $2,032 67, indicating that the attendance at the last Fair
was not as large as that of the year previous.

In addition to this we may call attention also to the fact that
the amount of premiums awarded in 1870 is $500 in excess of
the amount of premiums paid in 1869.

We do not find that the ordinary expenses of the Society for
business purposes have been very different from those of pre-
vious years. The general expenses have averaged, exclusive of
mere construction and lumber accounts, from $4,000 to $5,500
per year. In 1869 the expenses were $5,357. During the past
year they have been about $4,700.

The Society depends altogether on its receipts from the pro-
ceeds of its annual exhibitions, and hence it is very proper
that it should have every facility possible to make its great
annual meetings satisfactory. Your committee are satisfied
that the receipts of the Society could have been largely



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252 REPORT OF THE SECRETARY OF THE

increased, had the grounds at Jackson been large enough to
have permitted the admission of teams and persons in car-
riages, and to have had more stall room for horses. That
there was a very great loss in this respect we feel assured.
All of which is respectfully submitted.

A. J. DEAN,
E. W. RISING,
JOHN GILBERT.

On motion, the report of the Finance Committee was
accepted.

Then a general discussion arose concerning the expend-
itures.

Mr. Dean called attention to what he considered an abuse of
the tickets given to attendants and the persons who were
required as help, especially by those who kept refreshment
stands on the grounds. He was of the opinion that it would
be better to let the grounds for less rents, and to make each
person pay their admission.

Mr. Shoemaker explained that in renting the grounds, each
party who had a lease was, by the possession of that lease,
required to state the number of assistants he required. The
number ranged according to the size of the establishment.
Some required but two or three assistants, others required as
many as ten or fifteen. One of the provisions of the lease was
that these assistants should be admitted once each day before 8
o'clock in the morning. The tickets for their admission were
delivered to the lessee in person every evening, between the
hours of 5 and 6 o'clock, or about the time of the closing
for the day. The names and persons of these lessees were taken
down by the Secretary in a list, and the tickets were delivered
to them in strict accordance with the lease. Many of these
lessees, not being acquainted with the rules and regulations,
were obliged to go out to procure supplies during the day, and
would go out without tickets, and when they came to the gate
were clamorous for free entrance ; but they had no right to



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STATE BOAED OF AGRICULTURE. 253

enter. It was explained to them that for all entrance after
8 o'clock they would be obliged to pay as any visitor would,
and tickets were refused them by all the officers when they
made application. He thought that if there was not provision
made for such assistants, there could be no grounds rented, or
the price would be so small that it would diminish the receipts
very much from that source, without adding any return in its
place. Last year the applications for grounds were not by any
means as numerous as they were the year before, because nearly
all those engaged in the business had laid in so much stock
that they had lost money, and the chief part of the grounds
rented was only leased a few days previous to holding the fair.
He was in favor of renting the grounds on terms that would
permit the lessees a fair opportunity to do business. We needed
them for the accommodation of the people, who must have
something to eat and drink. The lessees ran a large risk, for
they had to put up buildings and to furnish, stores of provi-
sions for numbers who would be dissatisfied if not supplied. So
far as he had had information of this matter, he thought there
was but very little attempt at imposition beyond the difference
of opinion that would arise from iterance on the part of les-
sees as to what they were entitled to. He thought the interets
of the Society were pretty well guarded in this respect.

Mr. Dean, also, had considered some other matters, which he
had not introduced into his report, but simply because they
had been called to his attention. Amongst them was the use
of complimentary tickets. He had been furnished with a gen-
eral list of the numbers used. There had been quite a num-
ber given out, but he found they had been given out under the
general usage and custom of the Society. There was a certain
number presented to the press, to the railroads, to the officers
of the Society, and to such guests as the Executive Committee
and the President deemed proper." There was no indiscrimi-
nate use of them, or any that could reasonably be cut off.

Mr. Gilbert, chairmp.n of the Business Committee, said that



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254 REPORT OF THE SECRETARY OF THE

he had been very careful to place at the gates men who were
adapted to that position. It was very diflBcult in the rush that
was made, and the reception of from twenty to thirty thou-
sand persons, always to discriminate, or to allow the passage-
ways to be blocked up. During the past year he had alluded
to the work done himself, and it had been as faithfully and
economically done as if the whole had been done for his own
house. The bill of lumber was not large or excessive, nor
was the lumber high-priced, as he could show by reference to
the items of the account which he held in his hand. So with
the hardware, every item of which could be shown. The work
had been done by a, most efficient workman and a trustworthy
man, whose bill was not excessive. But the work had to be
done, and not any part of it was of such a nature that it
could be neglected or left undone, without spoiling the effect
of the whole.

Mr. Greene said he was gratified with the discussion^ as it
satisfied him that every effort had been made by those who
were entrusted with the arduous duty of preparing the fair, to
render it a success. The true position of affairs was, that the
Society had been very generous in its premiums, and the
several interests that clustered around it had grown so great
that its receipts, when compared with the expenditures, was a
satisfactory exhibit to him and to. all his brother members of
this committee. From his experience he was satisfied that
the general management had been entirely such as was neces-
sary, and the success of the exhibition had been owing in a
great measure to it. It was impossible, in the endeaver to
provide for the reception of such a crowd and the transaction
of so much business within the limited period of two or three
days, to provide for every contingency. All the straws could
not be laid with regularity and be kept pointed in one
direction.

Mr. Beckwith moved that the printing be taken from the
Business Committee, and that the Treasurer be a committee to
attend to it. No one objecting, the motion was passed.



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RTA.TE BOARD OF AGRICULTURE. 255

Mr. Beckwith moved that the renting of the stands and
grounds be placed in the hands of the Business Committee.

Mr. Shoemaker explained that the renting of the grounds
had always been in the hands of the Business Committee, but
he being the local member of that committee, much of this
business had been left with him, and he had attended to it,
though sonietimes when he had been obliged to be absent, the
Chairman or the Secretary had assisted him in the perform-
ance of the duties that had devolved upon him.

Mr. Gilbert moved the following resolution, which was
adopted :

Resolved, That each Executive Superintendent is hereby
requested to be on the grounds ready to take charge of his
department the Monday preceding the opening of the
exhibition.

Mr. Beckwith moved that any member issuing complimentary
tickets write his name on the back of the same.

Mr. Baxter moved that any officer issuing complimentary
tickets report the number issued.

The motion was discussed, but no action was taken.

The Committee then adjourned to meet at half-past 7.

At half-past 7 the Committee met.

On motion the Committee proceeded to nominate the View-
ing Committees for the next annual exhibition.

The Committee adjourned to Friday morning.



Friday, February 17.

The Committee met.

On motion of Mr. Greene, a Committee on Pedigrees of Cat-
tle, and a Committee on Pedigrees of Horses, was ordered to be
appointed.



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356 BEPOKT OF THE SECBETABY OF THE

The President appointed as the Committee on Pedigrees:

Cattle — Mr, Jasper Barber of Bellevue ; Mr. I. H. Butter-
field of Lapeer; and Mr. G. W. Phillips of Eomeo.

Horses — W. G. Pattison, Kalamazoo ; E. Van Valkenburgh,
Hillsdale.

Mr. Greene moved that no member of the Committee on
Cheese be appointed from any county in which there is a cheese
factory. The motion was discussed and adopted.

On motion of Mr. Phillips, it was ordered that the Com-
mittee on Short-horns be made seven in number, so that all
sections of the State may be represented on that important
committee.

Mr. Gilbert moved that the Special Committee on Location
of the State Fair be instructed to confer with the officers of the
several raih'oads, relative to the amount of percentage allowed
on their receipts, and their facilities at the several points for
the accomodation of visitors and exhibitors.

Mr. Sterling moved that each member of the Executive
Committee be requested to address the Members and Senators
in aid of procuring the passage of the bill refunding to the
Society the moneys expended upon the Normal School
building.

Mr. Baxter offered the following resolution, which >vas
adopted :

Resolved, That the next annual State Fair shall be held on
Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday, September 19, 20,
21, and 22, 1871. '-

Mr. Baxter moved that the Committee on Eules and Eegu-
lations be instructed to draw up the proper rules for the
formation of a cavalcade of the live stock on the last day of
the Pair. Adopted.

Mr. Phillips moved that the Committee on Enles draw up
and adopt a rule for the government of the Committees on
Pedigrees of Cattle and Horses.

Mr. Griggs of Grand Rapids presented an invitation to the



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STATE BOARD OF AGRICULTURE. 257

members of the Executive Committee to visit that city, and
tendered to them its hospitalities.

Mr. Greene moved that the Committee on Miscellaneous
Articles be increased to seven in number, so that the duties of
examining the various entries may be divided. Adopted.

The President announced the following appointments :

Business Committee, — Mr. Gilbert, Mr. Baxter, Mr. Sterling.

Rules arid Regulations. — Mr. Shoemaker, Mr. Manning, Mr.
Stout.

Executive Superintendtnts for the Annual Exhibition :

Catth.—Mr. G. W. Phillips, Mr. E. W. Bising.

Horses. — Mr. A. J Dean, and Mr. C. W. Greene.

Floral Hall. — Mr. Baxter, Mr. Pantlind, and Mr. Shoemaker.

Implements. — Mr. H. 0. Hanford.

Mechanics^ Hall — Mr. L. S. Scranton.

Manufacturers' Hall. — Mr. A. C. Pisk.

Fruit Hall. — Mr. J. M. Manning.

Agricultural Hall. — Mr. A. Stout.

Police and Gates. — Mr. J. M. Sterling.

Grand Marshal — Mr. G. H. Gale, Kalamazoo.

On motion of Mr. Baxter, the thanks of the Committee
were tendered to the reporters of the daily press of Detroit,
and to the morning and evening papers of Jackson, for their
careful reports.

On motion of Mr. Greene, the thanks of the Committee were
tendered to the proprietors of the Hibbard House, Messrs. Pant-
lind and Robinson, for the accommodations and attentions
which the members have received at their hands.

Mr. Sterling moved that a vote of thanks be tendered to
Colonel M. Shoemaker for the hospitalities extended to the
Committee.

Mr. Baxter moved that the whole subject of an annual address

at the next State Fair be referred to the President, with power

to extend invitations to such gentlemen as he may deem

proper, and provide for such address if he judges it expedient.

33



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258 llEPORT OF SECRETARY OF BOARD OF AGRICULTURE.

On motion, the members of the Special Committee on Loca-
tion, and the Business Committee were notified to meet after
the close of the session of the Executive Committee.

On motion, the Executive Committee adjourned to meet on
the 19th day of next September.

W. G. BECKWITH, President.

K. F. JoHNSTOiTE, Secretary.



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\



FIRST ANNUAL REPORT

OF THE SECRETARY OF THE MICHIGAN STATE POMOLOGICAL SOCIETY,
CONTAINING REPORTS, ADDRESSES, ARTICLES OF ASSOCIATION, COM-
MUNICATIONS, AN ACCOUNT OF ITS FIRST ANNUAL FAIR, ETC., FOR 1870.



THE ORGANIZATION OP THE SOCIETY.

To the Members and Officers of the Michigan State Pomological Society :
The soil, climate, and geographical position of the State of
Michigan have shown that she is a favored region, and well
adapted to the cultivation and growth of all fruits suitable to
a Northern and temperate clime. For this, the State is now
attracting the attention of thousands throughout the country,
and her own horticulturists seem to be awaking to a realization
of their location. Within the recollection of many in mature
life, there were but few varieties of large or small fruits culti-
vated in the State ; but to-day, as we look over a vast country,
from lake to lake, wo see large and flourishing orchards of
apple, pear, peach, and cherry, besides thousands of acres
devoted to the growing of strawberries, grapes, and other small
fruits. This new industry is rapidly assuming important pro-
portions, and it is desirable that those engaged in fruit culture
should seek a closer connection with each other, and should
establish an organization which should directly represent their
common interests.

THE INFORMAL MEETING.

Such was the growing importance of this interest in the
State, and particularly in that portion bordering upon Lake
Michigan, that it was thought best by leading horticulturists



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260 REPORT OF THE SECRETARY OF THE

to call a public meeting with a view to the organization of a per-
manent State Society. Consequently, notices were issued by A.
T. Linderman and others, and a meeting was called at Sweet's
Hotel, Grand Sapids, Feb. 11, 1870. This meeting was
attended by gentlemen from different portions of the State,
and S. L. Puller of Grand Eapids was elected President, Slu-
man S. Bailey and L. S. Scranton were elected Vice Presidents,
A. T. Linderman was chosen Secretary, and E. TJ. Knapp
Treasurer. Henry S. Clubb, S. L. Fuller, and L. S. Scranton,
were appointed a committee to draft articles of association,
and Jacob Ganzhom, Wm. Voorhis, and James Hamilton were
appointed an Executive Committee.

THE FIRST REGULAR MEETING.
An adjourned meeting of the Society was held in Luce's
Hall, on Saturday, February 26, 1870, S. L. Fuller in the chair.
At this meeting. Articles of Association were introduced by
H. S. Clubb, which were discussed, amended, and adopted:

ARTICLES OF ASSOCIATION OF THE STATE POMOLOGIOAL
SOCIETY OF MICHIGAH^.

The undersigned, at the city of Grand Rapids, this 26th
day of February, 1870, hereby associate themselves under the
name and style of the State Pomological Society of Michi-
gan, and agree to be regulated by the following Articles of
Association until proper legislation is obtained for a legal
organization :

Article L — The object of the Society is to develop facts
and promulgate information as to the best varieties of fruit
for cultivation in the fruit regions of the State of Michigan,
and the best methods of cultivation.

Article IL — ^The officers of the Society shall consist of a
President, Treasurer, and Secretary, who, together, shall con-
stitute an Executive Committee, with full power to call meet-
ings and transact business under the direction of the Society.
[Note. — This Article was amended at the December meeting.]



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STATE BOABD OF AGRICULTURE. 261

Article III. — The office of the Society shall be in the city
of Grand Eapids,

Article IV. — The annual meeting for the election of officers
shall be on the first Tuesday in December, in each year, the
officers elected at such meeting to commence service on the
first of January following.

Article V. — The officers shall remain and perform their
respective duties untiL their successors are appointed or elected



Online LibraryState Agricultural College (Mich.). Experiment St Michigan. State Board of AgricultureAnnual report of the secretary of the State Board of Agriculture of the ... → online text (page 18 of 35)