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during the course of last Summer, gave information to the
enemy of all our motions, and for this service were loaded
with presents.

29. When the late Mr. La Saussa3'e arrived last Sprinj^^
on the south side of Lake Michigan, the Main Poque had
just come frojn tlie American ^5, and was seen with four
horses which he had received from them, by the Littlu
Forgeron and his party. The Little Forgeron mentioned
this circumstance to the Grand Soldat, and was desired bv
him to conceal it. ^

30. When the Little Forgeron and his party went to war
from Detroit, after their having passed tlie river Raisin,
discovered two tracks, wliicli they took for Americans, but
afterwards found them to be Pottawatomics, who gave in-
formation to the Fort, on which a body of caviilry sallied
out, and in consequence a Folle Avoine, or Menomonee, wa>
killed. He again informed the Grand Soldat of this circum-
stance, and was again desired by him to conceal it.

31. The 'Mu'di Poque informed the Folles Avoines of that
party, that he would go to the English; but would keep
behind, and see what was going on; that it was his deter-
mination not to ficrht.



Lawe and Gktgnon Papers, 1794-1821. Ill

:y2. The Pottav/atomies did not arrive at Fort Meigs until
two days after we were tliere.

;?;3. On tlio attack at Sandusky, tlie Main Poque ascended
a tree, and called out to his young men that they should not
advance until they saw the white flag hoisted, and that
tlien they would rush into the fort,

31. On our leaving Sandusky, the ]\Iain Poque remained,,
atul did not come to Detroit until fifteen days after our ar-
rival. He had four men of his nation with him, one of
whom was Kenzie's great friend, named Kee-pou-tah, from
St. Josoplfs.

After such a concatenation of events, there is no doubt in
niy mind of the hostile intention of the Pottawatomies to us.

R. DiCKSOX.

Winnebago Lake, March 2, 1814,



Winnebago Lake, March 15, 1814.

Dear Sif: — This goes b}^ the old Is-kee-ken-aibc, who, on
coming here, upset in a canoe, and lost his gun. If you
have one, let him have it, as I do not wish to let tlie Indians
liore see him get one. I do not know what the old fellow
walks about for. I believe it is hunger drives them all here.
If you can, give him half a bushel of wheat. I shall bo
ol)liged to take every precaution to bring a greater quan-
tity of flour from the Prairie.' Xo news from that place as
yet. I think that the people have imprudently left their
snow-shoes, and will most probably die with hunger. An
old man and a young girl died of hunger and cold, on their
^vay here, about four miles from Bauprez. A scoundrel Puant
passed by them, and without making a fire, left them to
perish. A woman and two children were saved, and are
now at Bauprez's, but they are all insane, and will hardly re-
cover.

I have /lot had loss than fifty people per day hei-e for
tliese ten days past. They have " eaten me even to the
>uiils.'' I have only two bushels of wheat remaining. Tlie



Prairie dii Cliien.



'J. B. Cliandonuai was a half-breed — sou of a Frenchman, and Chij)-
pc-wH-<iua, a Pottawattiniio woman, and was probably a native of tlie St.
Jopeith's region, Mieliigan, and born as earlj' as 1770. He was employed
by AVni. Burnett, an early trader, in that <iuarter, from 1702 to 1799, and, it
may bo, earlier and la'er. AVI. en the war of 1812 eonimorctd, Robert For-
Byth, the elder, was sent wiili a party from Detroit, amonj; them Chan"
douuai, as emis.'iaries t<j tlu Fottawatonuts; and, at the same time, John
Chandonnai, au uncle of the object of this notice, was sent by the British
at Mackinaw, with :i party of .-ome thirty Indians, to conciliate the Pot-
tawatoinies and aiijir.'hciid VDinii: Ch;tndonnai for his attacliment and
sympathies for the Americans. Tin- uncie and nephew meeting;, tlie
form(!r made known his crr.and. when the latter warned his undo if he
persisted in liis obji^ct, and ovcrsteppt d a designated line, he would shoot
him; but the uncle drew lii-; sxvotd and advanced, and paid the forfeit of
his life. The Briti-^h Indian party, near by, hastened totho spot; to wliom



11:2 Wisconsin State Historical Society. I

I

weather continues cold, but I liope that it will soon break. |

The express retards much from ]\[ackinac; but the weather |

has been very bad. xVs it comes late I trust that w^e shall ;

have good news. It will require strong measures in the |

.Spring to keep matters right. The Sauteurs of the Ouiscon- j

sin have sent me word by the Lievre — The Hare — that .

they are all ready when the river opens; and all the Folles ;

Avoines ^.ve well disposed. If tlie Indians from any quarter ]

circulate bad reports, please inform them that I will punish j

them. Keep a list of their names. |

Beanprez is just arrived with tlie cry of hunger; the fam- 1

ily at his house arc dying. I send you a list of the articles ]

stolen from his house. I am heartily tired and sick of this 1

place. There is no situation more miserable than to see ob- j

jects around you dying with hunger, and unable to give J

them but little assistance. I have done what I could for .]
them, and will in consequence starve myself. With best
wishes. Yours truly,

R, Dickson.

P. S. — Mr. Chandonnet might as well have passed the
Winter with His Holiness, the Pope, at Rome. He did not
procure intelligence from St. Joseph, for which I sent him.
His reason for his failure is unsatisfactory. I would not
give two pence a dozen for such people.'

Lt. Lawe, La Baye.



Lawe and Grignon Papers, 1704-1821. li;



Winnebago Lake, March 20, 1814.

Mil Dear Si?-: With the greatest joy and satisfaction liave
I received your letter, with the express from Mackinaw;
.iNo tlie packets of news-papers which liad been forgotten.
Nt'ver has so much good news, and that so unexpected, come
.■t tlie same time.

I wrote Lt, Lawe, in conjunction witli you, to assemble
the people, and Indians for a bon-tire ; and at the same time



viiiinf; Chandonuai expressed his regret for having killed his uncle, but
:'..it Jie did it in seJf-defensc, as he dared not trust himself in the hands of
i.-s enemies; and cautioned them, if they attempted to cross the line he
t .4 marked, he should not hesitate to kill as many of them as lis could
'ft nil his double-barreled gun. They beat a parle}*, and agreed to desist
from tlieir purpose, and return home, if Chandounai would give them ten
^rn.ilons of Avhibky, wliich he did.

At tlietimeof the Chicago massacre, in August, 1812, Chaudonnai was act-
i'Li;: us a clerk for John Kinzie, a noted Indian trader at that place; and Mr.
Kinzio committed his family to l)i.s charge, aided by two friendly Indians,
fjvin whose fidelity he could rely, intending himself to assist the American
i jrrisonintheir intended retirement to Fort Wayne. Wliile Kinzie's family
<ras protected by these Indians, the treacherous attack was made on the
r.^tiriiig garrison, Chandonnai riislied out, interceded for, and ransomtd
'>■■-' Wounded Mrs. Ileald from her captor, and convoyed her and her hus-
•■-^■''•1, Capt. IJeald, to St. Joseph's. From there in November following,
- ' -iiulonnai and a friendly ludian conducted the Kinzie family to Detroit.
Hi.' was one of the United States iuterjjreters at the treaty of Greenville
'■» I'^M, and at Portage des Sioux and Spring Wells, in 1815. During the
('•riod 1818—19, and ])erhaps longer, he was engaged as an Indian trader
'■> tiio Chicago region. At the treaty of Chicago in 1821, he was granted
t'-*o sections of laud on the St. JoseplTs. He was a witness to the Chicago
♦■'••aty of 1832: and at the treaty there in September, 1833, he was allowed
•^•■'bim of $1,000.
'j is .k^aid that he drew a pension from the United States for services
' l!ie War of 1812; but from Col. Dickson's letters, it would seem that
' -mdonnra was a soldier of fortune, and served wherever his interests
-tt^d. L. C. D.

[ •■''■^- Cliarlotte Ilartcau and Pet<M- B. d'rignon. of Green Bay, though

. ''II;; at the t'me, remember that Col. ])icksou's wintering-place was on

'■ * 'f autiful Island, since known as Doty's, now Neenah. It had from

■••«" immemcrial btcn the locality of a prominent Winnebago village



t



114 Wisconsin State Historical Society. ]

to drink tlie health of his Majesty, the Prince Regent,, and |

Sir George Prevost. \

I am sorry to have detained the Indians so long a time: ^

but I am [very] tired of the Winnebagoes and Foxes. The I

last messenger left .Mr. Dease at the Sauk village on the .

Wisconsin, j

At tlie moment I Avrite tiiis, no news of consequence comes j

in. Provisions are ready for a start; the canoes also [are |

ready! to come to the Portage. 1

^ . i

Hero Carver, in 1T6G, found tlie Winnebago queen, Ho-po-ke-o-kaw, or j

The Gloru of the Morning, holding sway. She was the widow of the elder i

De-Kau-ray, It was known for many years as Four Legs Village. Thi. j

chief 's Winnebago name was Hoo-tshoap-kau; known among the Menom \

onees as Ne-o-kau-tah; and, for a period, lie claimed tribute from the j

Americans who passed his village. There are other traditions that Col. J
Dickson spent the Fall and Winter of 1813-M on Doty's Island.

After the capture of Prairie du Chien, in July, 1814, Col. Dickson returne.l ^

to Mackinaw for a supplv of ammunition and Indian goods; but in conse- "j

quence of the American attack on, and blockade of, Mackinaw, the arrival \

of the usual Indian supples there was so delayed, that Dickson and lu- |

loaded barges were cuught by cold weather, and frozen in, when they |

reached Garlic Island, where the Winneuago chief, Pe-sheu, or The II il''- .j

Cat, had a village, and was co-npelled to remain there till well into De- |

cember when he was able to proceed to I'rairie du Chien, where he arrived '

early in .lanuary. 1815, aftr-r many ditncnlties, to the preat relief of tlr. .\

Indians in that quarter, wl... relied on these annual suppliers to carry then: |

through the Winter. _ ,, 1

Grignon, in IF/.s'. Jli^t. Cnlh.. iii, -39, speaks of Dickson's bemg caugh. ,

by free/.in- weather at G .rlic Island; but erroneously places it in 1812-1- |

Capt Wm? Powell and L. P.. Porlier also mention it. C. J. Coon, an early 3

Indian trader, and a pioneer s.Mtler at O.hkosh, states that Dickson win- ^

tered at Black Wolf "s village, at Black AVolf's Point, half waybetweeu |

O^.ko^li and Fond du Lac. He may have spent a portion of the time tliere. ^

Mai Charles Dot v conunur icatcs an extract from the journal of his mother. |

Mrs Jame. D. Doty, of August, 1823, wh^n accompanying her husban- |

on his way to hold court at Prairie du Chien: -We coasted along the we-; \

shore of Lake Winneba ;o to (Jarlic Island, on the opposite point to whic!: j

is a Winnebago viHage of line pennanenl lo.lge^ and fine corn-fields. ^''\ |

the Fall of 1814, the late C.'l. Di'kson was stopi)ed here by the ice. a"" j

con.n'elled to remain during the Winter. He was on his way to Prairie cU' J

Chien to engage the Indians for the British, with seven boats loadf'd witr. j

goods for pu'sents. lb' cleared the land nou- cultivated by the Indians." J

L. C iJ' «



Lawe and Grioxox Papers, i:04:-1821. 115

Tlianks for sending me your letters. In a day or two I
will send the news-papers to you and to Mr. Lawe, and will
;iNo write you more fully. But I should be more glad to
s.e you as soon as possible, for I have many things to tell
V..U. You will try to send by express as soon as you can.

I think the Indians are very impatient to return to Mack-
inac. While I hope for the pleasure of seeing you very
>oon, accept my wishes for your health, and your family's,
I am, dear sir, your ver}^ humble servant,

R. Dickson.

I have sent you several letters for McKinac and La Baye.

Lieut, Grigxon, La Baye.



Winxebago Lake,' March 20, 1814.

l>car Sir — On the 17th inst., I perceived the flag waving
"U the lake— the omen of favorable news, and which far
''xceeded my most sanguine expectations. Nothing can be
more glorious to our country than the late brilliant achieve-
inents, and will be attended with the most [happy] conse-
'[iionces. On the receipt of this, with Lt. Grignon, you will
ii^semble the people and Indians to fire a salute, and to
<lrinktlie King's health, the Prince Regent's and Sir George
I'revost's. I have a great deal of private news independent
*'f public, but I have been so pestered with Puaiits, Renards,
<-t«.'., for these three days past, that it is out of my power to
'letail them at present. Mr. Dease, with three men, were
''-•ft at the Village de Sauk, on the Ouisconsin, six days ago,
'•n their way here. They are a set of bunglers — no snow-
'^aoes nor provisions. I am afraid they are dead by this
time. I send off to look for them to-day.

1 have requested Mr. Grignon to endeavor to keep the In-
''i^'iiis [from] going to IMackinack a day or two longer, to
t>''^'e the news from the Mississip])i, in ho|)es of 'Mr. Dease's
"rrival. I will send you the newspapers in a day or two. I
''-iv(. liardljMooked atthcm yet. Mr. McGill died after an
'"lies of only four days. I sincerely regret him. He was a
'Vurtliy man. My brother William is arrived from cap-
'ivity. JIo has had both his houses and furniture burnt, and



11 B Wiscoxsix State Histoihcal Society.

his wife and family turned out in the snow, almost naked,
by the villains who have already paid for it. Your brother
must also have been exchanged, as I see his name in the
list. We ought to be grateful to Providence for what ha>
taken place, and so unexpectedly. The Indians that ar.

here, the Folles Avoines I mean, are quite happy. I ha%\ :

told the Sauks and Renards that they sleep too long. If i

they do not get up, that I shall rouse them with the hatchet. j

and that Britain suffers no neutrals. i

Mr. Askins sendiiig to L. Grignon's the express is of iV' j

consequence I know, to you; but I will, if I live, overhaul \

that gentleman. He has all along acted witli the greatest ;

impropriety. This is a horrid scrawl, but I will shortly |

make up for it by sending you a volume of news. I shall j

soon be on the move. I beg you not to give a needle to any \

Indian on the ^Milwaukee side. I am determined to punisl: \

those rascals. j

With best wishes, I remain, dear sir, ,|

Yours truly, ]

11. Dickson. |

Mr. Dease is just arrived, almost starved — four day? j

without; eating. I will get a sufliciency of provisions at the j

Prairie ' ^o news of any consequence. . I

Lt. John Lawe, Ind. Dept, La Baye. 1



Fox River, April 19, 1S14.
Dear Sir: — I received your separate favors of 11th, and
that by the express, which brings us glorious news frun
Europe. I send you a ^fontrcc^l Gazette, but not the latest.
I have given Lt. Pullman a short detail of the Euro})enr
news. In Canada all is activity and bustle. Jonathan in-
tends doing great things before the war ceases, and we mus'
all exert ourselves to keep him out of the country. AVe arf
to be strongly reinforced at ]\lackinac.. Oiricers of the Poy;ii
Navy inarines, artillery and regulars, and in all upwards o'
five hundred men. 1 have directed Lt. Pullman to wait Mr



' Prain'o du Cliion.



' Lawe and Gru;xon Papers, 1 794-1 S-21. 117

< ;ri-::non's arrival from t}ie Portage, whicli will be at latest
•I the •-27th; nor do I think the Lake practicable before that
;iu'. He will be strongly manned, and have two good
..ats. 1 trust the provisions are ready. I wish as many
't'.dians as can be got to accompany him, as it will be a sav-
;.i^ of provisions. You will please exert yourself to effect
•.his.

1 shall not lose a moment as I trust to be at La Baye by
:]\o t;th or 7th ]May. It is impossible for me to do otherwise
without sacrificing the country; nor am I able to collect a
f.'ioe. before that time, I shall write you from the Portage,
which I think to reach on the 22(1. We must use all dili-
^t-nce to get into Mackinac lest the Americans should bebe-
fure-hand with us — keep this secret.

Get five or six bark canoes if you can, and [two or three
words- cannot be made out.] We have had great difficulty
t'>l)ass the Lake; the ice is still a colid body and no appea.r-
•mce of its breaking up. I shall write you fully by Lt.
Grignon. Gen. Wilkinson's camp had been abandoned at
rrench Mills. All their heavy cannon left, and four hun

'ired sleigh loads of stores, etc., brought off. Col. Morrison
!~ gone with four thousand regulars to attack Plattsburgh.
ii'.e expedition to Detroit has not yet taken place; but we
'•i;dl hear soon more of that. Ilondcz will leave the house
t"-inorrow. He will give his boat to Lt. Pullman.
With best wishes, "x remain, dear sir,

Yours most truly,

R. DiCKSOX.
5-t. Lawe, La Bave.

Per Le Goupe.



I

I McKfnac, May 1, 1814.

I •'^'"■•■— Being assured that 3-ou will learn the good news

I '•'•hiv-li we have received by tlie couriers from York, I
■''» not [trouble myself] to inform you of them. The reason
I'^tliat having an opportunity, I communicate them to ^Ir.
'*'^'Kson, who cannot fail to make them known to you.



88 Wisconsin Statk Historical SociiiTV.

I have to inform you that we Hatter ourselves that we ca
hold our Fort — tlianks to the success we have had in the r
gioii of Niagai-a, as well as tlirough the re-enforcement v.
expect this Spring of two hundred men, one [cannon], ai.
thirty-two barges laden wnth provisions, followed by tw
gun-boats netted [barricaded] incase of need.

I beg you to forward my baggage, if you have a good i •;
portunity; or, if you have not, to take charge of it yoursel:.
for I suppose we shall have the pleasure of seeing you. 31.
compliments to Messrs. Pierre and Augustin Grignon, aii.
Mr. Lawe.
■ Meantime 1 am, with consideration, Sir,

Your very humble servant and friend,

J. B. Berthelot.

Mr. Louis Grignon, La Baye.



Fort McKay, 2Sth July, 1814.

Sir: — Deeming it appropriate after the restoration of For'
Shelby to the arms of His Majesty under my command, t
send my dispatches for Michilimackinac, it is for you \
transmit them by an express canoe. For the expenses in
curred, [if exor1)itant?] 1 shall hold you responsible.

It is with great pleasure that I inform you, that the cor.-
duct and services of Lieut. Porlier, your son, have been fa'
beyond what I dared to hope in a young man; and if h;
future conduct does not disappoint appearances, he will 1
an honor to the Canadian nation, and a useful man to 1'-
country.

Awaiting the pleasure of seeing you, I am.

Your obedient servant,

Wm. McKay, Lt. Col

James Porliek, Green Bay.



Instructions FOR Lieut. Grignon, of the Indian Depakt

MENT.

You will consider your station at La Baye, as an internio 1
diate point of communication between Fort McKay, on tl'.' |



Lawe and Grkjxox Papers, 1791-1831. irj

Mississipj)!*, and this Island, making it your study to do every-
thing you can for the general good of the service, or for the
[.articular advantage of either of these posts.

You will be ready to convey to the officer commanding
at Fort McKay such dispatches as may be occasionally for-
warded to him from this place, or such other information as
may come to your knowledge, and which you may think it
necessary that he should know. Should you also find that
the post is threatened with an attack hy the enemy, and you
called upon for assistance by the commandant of Fort
McKay, you will then, with the most indefatigable exertion,
collect as soon as possible, as many of the Folles Avoines
aiul Winnebago Indians as you can, and repair to his assist-
ance, your brother, in such a case, supplying the necessar}^
provisions.

The commandant attaches no small consequence to the ex-
'•rtions which he trusts you will make to obtain for the use of
this garrison every barrel of flour that can possibly be fur-
nished at Green Bay, and expects that you will spare neither
time nor trouble in obtaining and forwarding, if possible,
lliese supplies, of such importance to us, which if not fur-
nished all in flour, the remainder must be sent in wdieat.

Lieut. Col. iMcKay will perhaps bo able to arrange with
you some mode of contracting for and forwarding these sup-
plies, which will be paid for at this place. Should any of
•Hie wives of the Indians who are on duty at this Island be
>n want, your brother may occasionally render them some
assistance. Your utmost exertions ^vU\ be required, as well
as those of your brother, to hurry off the Folic Avoine
Indians, who are required for the defense of this Island, with
^he utmost possible expedition.

Given under my hand, at Michilimackinac, this 31st of
•^^'gt., 1814.

Rbt. McDouall, Lt. Col.,
Com'g at Michilimackinac.



120 Wisconsin Statk Histokical Society.

Sale of I.and, by Pierre Coupi to Joseph Duguk.
October G,1S1 4.

In the absence of a notarj^ before t]ie undersigned, wit
nesses were present — Pierre Coupi, vendor of a piece of
land to Joseph Dugue, purchaser: said land containing four
arpents of front, bounded by the Ohaw(?) river, and of
such depth as shall be determined by a sworn surveyor or
other officer appointed by the Government; joining on tht-
lower side tlie land of Jean ]\Iarie Petel, and on the upper
side the land of Francis St. Rock, which said land has beer.
sold, and is sold, for the price and sum of five hundred and i
fifty pounds of money of the country, which shall be prairie
A\heat at the price of twent3"-one pounds, which shall be de-
livered, ten minots on the first demand; and the remainder ■
of the payment shall bo in the course of the month of Apri
which sliall be paid in wheat, or money of the country, by I
the said purchaser, who has said that he has frequently
seen and. visited [the land] both before and after making
the purchase, and both parties have said tliat they are con-
tent and satis-fied. Tliere is some work to be completed.
which the vendor shall cause to be completed, etc.

For thus, etc., promising, etc., renouncing, etc., it was done
and transacted in the liouse of the said undersigned witness
hi one o'clock in the afternoon, [in the] presence [of] tw^'
other witnesses, viz., Sr. Hypolite Grignon, who has signed
and Francis St. Rock, who has declared that he is unable t'
do so, being examined on that [subject] has made his usual
mark, with the said vendor and the said purcliaser, after
reading made. And the said purchaser will enter into pos-
session of the said land and house in the course of thi>

month or the next.

"1 Vendor

At Green Bay this oth of October, P'RE COUPI
of the present year, one tliousand his X mark,

eight hundi-ed and fourteen. )- Purchaser

his
his
FRANCOIS X ST. ROCK

mark. '- Witnesses.

CHLS. REAU:\IE, \

[Ilyjiolito (Irigiion, for some reason, failod to witness tlie coutract.]



JOSEPH X DU(;UK
mark.



Lawe and Gric.'nox Papers, 17!U-is51.



]•>]



Mackixa, 17th October, LSI 4
Si,:— The bearer Corporal Monan, is to give his goods into
your cliarge, and you are to send him back with as much
expedition as you can possibly make. I vdsh you and Mr
PorHer, to send back, witli tlie two boats, aboutone Imndred
and sixty bushels of wheat, or as much as you have read v tak-
niLT care not to load the boats too much. I am, however ex-
ce."ding]y anxious that the boats should set off the day after
tliey arrive, for fear they may meet with bad weatlier

Tell Mr. Porlier I have stated to Government the losses
that the Indians have occasioned, and that his wheat is paid
for. \ ou will be ready, and arrange it with Mr. Dickson to
come here with the Folic Avoine and Winnebago Indians
tlie very instant the season permits, losing not a moment^
Such women as they leave -and I would wish but few to
rome- Mr. Porlier must give some provisions to, and charge
them to Government. ,

I have the honor to be, sir,

Your most obed't serv't,
. . Kbt. ]\rcI)orALL,

J^ieut. Grignox, Lt Col Commandhuj.

Jndian Department, Qvcan Bay.



■ MiCHiLiMACKiXAC, Octobor Q^d, 1814
My Dear Sir.— .Air. Pullman, the bearer of this letter, will
"'form you of all the news. Try to engage the people of
'i'e Bay to ascend the Rapids, as tlie season is far advanced
«nd you will benefit your settlement by helping them.

I expect to canoe from Montreal, as it ought to arrive to-
J'K.rrow, or day after to-morrou- I also made as good a
journey as I could.

-^ly respects to Mr. Porlier and your brothers. Hoping for



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