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widowed lady. He was attracted to this country by the great
lead mine excitement, as all others were at that time. He
lived at the old Willow Spriugs, near by my father's house.


and was oflori there. I l)ecaiiie luucli attaclied to him, and
mucli interested in his future welfare. JLe was of a, niehiu-
choly and moody turn of mind at times, and ai^aiu of tluj
most buoyant and vivacious.

Soon after the commenetMnent of the war with JUack
Hawk, lie attached himself to CN»1. l)odi;-e"s squadron, and at
the time of the killin;^-of Si)airord, IMcIlvain and others, near
Wiota, ho was at l^^'oi't Deliance with me, he ami I having
just returneil from Ottawa, on the Illinois lliver, where wo
had hecm on an expedition of ten days with CoL Dodge.
We had barely got our horses out to grass — the only feeid
we could give them — when th(3 express messenger came,
bearing the sad iuttdligence of the killing of the men near
Wiota. lie and I, having been accustomed to prompt and
energetic movements under Col. Dodge for the last ten days,
were soon in our saddles, and I'eady fcji" movements (|uite in
advance of the remainder of tlie detachment, who were or-
dered by Capt. Hoard, tJie commandant of the fort, to proceed
at once to W^iota. When the detachment was ready to take
up the line of march, ]\Iaj. Kiik])atrick, who had command
of the ex|)e(lition, detached this young man IJlack, and my-
self, to take the ])osition of advanced guard, saying that in
case we fell in with any Indians, we wonld only run the risk
of being shot, and, as we were mounted on gooel horses, the
Indians conld not catch us.

On the march to Wiota, which was in the night, Black
was in one of his buoyant mootls, so much so, I remarked to
him that he seemed more than unusually cheerful and high
spirited; that I did not feel so — that I had a presentiment
that we should jmell powder before we got back — that in
case we could overtake any Indians, we certainly should
have to iight them, let their numbers be what they might.
I knew tlie temper of most of our men, and knew light was
in tliem. 1 have heard JMaj. Ivirkpatrick, ()ien. Dracken, my
father and others express their chagrin and abhorence of
the shameful disasters of the Illinois troops in such terms as
assured me that there would be hot work in case we could
come across any Indians, and I knew our only preservation

14 - H. C.

203 AViscoxsix Sta-i1': HisToincAi^ Socihty.

deinaii(lL(l it; niid knew, fuithcriiiorr, th:Tt somo of us wonlil
jm'oIkiI)!}' b(! killrd. J iiiiisL ((lut'css. it was iiul llic most
]ilcasaut sul)j('L-t I'of uio to incditalo upon, tlioujj;li 1 did iK^t
think 1 ^voulvl Ik- kiilrd iiiystdf: and so cxjircssi'd ni\>cir to
my companion and mrss-inato, i;ia(d<, to uddcli lie i-c|tli('d,
''\Vtdl,if wo j^^c-t intoa I) ittk- 1 know 1 shall l)c kdlol; I fvid it
now — and am conTuk'nt that it Nvill be so." II" was so
eai'iK^st aiul conli lent al)()nt it, tli it it l'ri<;-liioned nic, until I
Ix'camo aim )st to roalizi; it also, and then told hi n it I ically
foltcishc; did, 1 shoidil m iku soiuj exiauc to koo,) >hii of an}'
battle untd that tc'eliiij^" left me. J le said, ""xN'o,, Jl would
rather he killed than have the woi'd go home lo my dear
mother that L was a coward." At the end v)f this conversa-
tion we ariived at W'iola. J said no moJ'e to him on the
subject, for it oppi'essed me, a nd he said notbing further to me.

After Col. Doilge had nnuh; his hvivA and lilting addi-essto
bis little band of followei's, we then inunediately commenced
the pursuit, and the Indians weri^ soon ova.'rtakt-n, and sure
enougli Col. Dodge did charge them •'•s\\'ord in hand." and
sure enough the unfortuiuite lUacd-:, true to his sad pre-
sentiment, was mortally wounded.

I bad the solicitude of a brother for this bo\ , — f<;r notb-
ing but a hoy was be. JIo was my jmuor in age one yea.".
We w^ere mess-mates, and had gallo[)ed side by side in hot
pursuit after the Indians, and went together into the en-
gagc;inent, and be was shot down Ijeside me by a ball just
burying itself through the skin, just above the car, but so
fractured the skidl as to prove fatal, while i only lost a small
lock of my hair. I took chai'ge of bim, and took him to Fort
Defiance, w here my fathei'"s family were fcjited. For a few
diiys we had hopes of bis recovt.'ry. (Jn tlu; eiglitday aftei'be
was shot, we learnetl that Di'. Phillio, an ennnent sm-geon
from (jialena, was in Wiota, to see the otlior two young men
— Wells and Morris — who were woimded in the same battle.
I mounted my horse and galloped to Wictta. and brought
Dr. Pbillio to see my dear boy friend; but when be saw bim
he assured me there was no hope for him, — that the skull
bone was so fractured that death must ensue in a few days,
perhaps in twenty-four hours. On the second night after-

Ri:minis('enxm:s of tiii: Blac'k Hawk Wak, -iD']

^va^^ls — at the tlai'k hour (;f midnight — I was watchiiif^atliis
couch with its st)licitud(i of a hi'othcr, with no lii^ht oxcei)t
what was given liy the small glininicring hiaze of ojie long tal-
low candle. 1 saw a faint smile come upon liis countenance; it
increased until it Ijroko out into (jiiite an audihle laugh. In
the joy of my heart, 1 put my facedown near to liis and said.
"Why, my dear Sam, what [jleases you, so as to make you
laugh?" II(^ re]»lied: '-We'll, Peter, [ was just laughing at
the idea of Col. |),)dge saying lie would chargt; them sword
in hand, when there weri; hut two swords in the crowd."
Poor fellow I he knew but little of military language, hut he
(li(;d with the amusing idea no douht, on his mind. These
were his last words. He was soon after a cold corpse, grim
and rigid in death. The second day afterwards, he was
buried in a lone and solitary grave, with the h(^nors of war,
and perhaps no young man was killed during- the contest
whose death was more lamented than his.

This circumstance forcibly brought to my mind a scrap
of history in connection with the death of (len. Braddock,
in vvliich it was saiil that after he was wounded he laid in
an apparent unconscious state for twenty-four hours, and
then revived so as to say, "Well, who would have thought it?"
then relapsed and lay twenty-four hours longer in the same
apparent condition when he again revived, and said: "Well,
we must do better next time;" which I could scarcely believe
until witnessing the occurrence I have just related.

These are some matters connected with Peckatonica bat-
tle I will venture to notice. My father, D. U. Parkinson,
though a Lieutenant in the company at B^ort Detiaace. had
no Cfjnimand in this contest, serving only as a voluntcuT;
but he was the following day elected Captain of the fifth
company of mounted volunteers o^'Dodge's squadron.

In the Illustrated Histories of loica and Lafaijette Coun-
ties, pages l-iS - J'J, it is stated that Little Priest comtniuded
the party so completely exterminated at Peckatonica. This is
a mistake. At the time of this fight, Little Priest wa^ one
of the hostages at Gratiot's Grove, and was not liberated
till some weeks after. Another evidence of the correctne.-s
of my memory in the matter, is the fact that his name appears

,•' ..Ij ; .■-JO-:'' .-. .:iii.iM .

>>t)4 AVlSCONSlN StATK lllSToiiU'Al. SoclKTV.

to llio IJuck l.^laiid treaty ill Sv'pt.Miilxr of tliat year. Had
he Ikhmi slain at Peckatoiiica, we should liaidly liave found
him suniciently '"alive and ki(dv■iu;,^■" tliiee iiiojilhs tl.ei'c-
after, lo have shared iu luakinj; an iuii)ortaiiL trealy with
our (lOveininent.

Lieut. J''iteh,in his iian-ativc, is mistaken in su])i)osii!.i;- that
it was tlie same Indian with whom l.evin Leatdi had a i-et-
sonal lent'ounter, that Col. I)odj4-e shot with his j»; noi-
was Leacdi's Indian the leadei-. l-'ittdi's mistake i.tohaoly
arose from the fact, that he was not one of ihe cdiai-^in;^-
l)arty; but hail been assigned by ("ol. Dod-e to take a p(»-
•sition, some little distance away, to aid in intei-cei>tin - any
•of the Indian party who nuyht attempt to make good their
•escape, i was near L ;ach at the time, and witnessed tlie
incident. I know tliat Leach killed the Indian himself hy
thrusting his bayonet through him after he jerked bun
down on the ground by the end of hi. antagonist's speai'.
which he seized hold of, to i)revent the Indian from runuiiig
it through him. I am sustaine 1, in tlie main, in this view,
by (Jen. Jb-aeken's account, Wis. Hist. Colls., ii, ;j:;!: -In
the charge, Levin Leach encountered a warrior aruicd with
a spear; i)arrying the thrusts of the Indian, with his bayonet,
he dropped his gini, sprang n[)on him, wiviiched his sjn'ar
from him, and with it ran him through the body." ({en.
Bracken erred in saying that in was with the Chief's spear
that Leach killed him — I can state with a certainty that
it was done with the bayonet.

Col. Dodge was at the other end of the line, and so was
the Indian leader whom be killed — at least he said he did,
and no one ever doubted it. This version of C<d. Dodge's
exploit, is w(dl substantiateil in Patterson's enlarged edition
of his work on Black Hawk, l^-^-? p. i:>>: -Col. I>'>'1.^'' i"
speaking of this engagement | Peckatoiiica | at (ialena,
after the close of the war, saiil he was amazed at the des-
peration displayed by a big, burly brave, who came towar<l
him with his gun on his shoulder, and halted quickly when
only a few paces from him, drew the trigger, and was sorely
disappointed in his gun not going off. (,Hiick as thought.
the Colonel brought his rifle in position, pulled the trigger;


butowiu^ to tlu' .li'apa ^^^ of til. p )^v.l:^r, H I^uUmI to -,> oil:.
In tho HU'anLiuio. tlu- lM-av<. Nvas co>.iin- t-^u-ards huu kiule
in han.l, an<l (le>i.eraLiou ni his cyrs, and when only a low Colonol shot him down v.ithhis rovuUvr

rjrn Brackon-s brief aoruunt <.t ihc aliair is suhstanlially
tbo sanio-H7.. Culls, ii, iil 1 : -Whca I ^ot t<> th.
n.n.l, 1 lonnd no .n-any b.foro mo: and at tho satno nnanont
1 b.anl the Gonoral [Dod-ol who was a littlo to n.y loh
say-tbere-s an Indian, kill luni: I tunr.d toward bun and^
beard a shot; and as 1 came up he said: "Ibere, by O-— -!
l-vc killed hun myself.- This was tbe Indian eo.nniander.

I bave sai.l that Little Priest was a small Imhan. about
tbii-ty-tive years of a-e. The appareiit Indian eomnmnder
•It the Peckatoniea battle was a tall, j^allant lookm- fellow,
at least five feet ten inches in hei-th, of eommandmg mem,
and appeared to b. about fifty years old. He bad mueb to
say exhorting his men, darin- tbe chase precedmg the bat-
tle,'often running backwards, talkmg to and encouraging
them, and baranuging them constantly during tbe hgiit.
He was tbe one killed by Col. Dodge.

I lout Matthew G. Fitch, who shared in the Peckatoniea
expedition, and has left us bis recollections of the conflict.
^vas a native of Ko.uucky. He was a nephew of Hon. W in.
] (Iraves, of that State, Nvbo killed Hon. Jonathan Cilley,
of Alaine. in a duel, in is:;;), ^yhile buth were members of Con-
,n-es. Mr. Fitch '-ame to Wisconsin in IS-i;. He scvvcmI as
T.-utenant in 1). M. Parkinsons company on the Mack
IPtwk campaign, sh.iring in the actions at Wisconsin
Heights ami \\Mi Axe, and was a good otlicer. There are m
the^abinet of the Historical Soei.ty some or Fitcbspei-
sonal relics-among thom, his p >wdordiorn, wilb the .la e
l.>Scutonit. lie was not in public life aftor tho war. lie
died at Mineral I'oint, Counly, Wi.eonsin, about April
j;isll in the pnine of lifo, and imirb regretted, ilowa.
under size, some five feet eight inches m stature, weighing
perhaps one hundred and forty pounds. He left a wnlow
and four children, who, after his death, went to Texas witli
Mrs Fitch-s father, (Jeorge Carroll, a nephew of Charles

501] Wisconsin State ITtstokual S()cii:ty.

Carroll, one of the signers of the Dechiratioii of liiil< pond-


I\laj. K. 11. Kirkpatrick. who served with credit at l\ek-
atoiiica. (lied in ls;il, at Diamond (irove, three miles nerth-
west of Mineral l^)int. in all the various relations of life,
both public and private, he was a first-class man. His widow

still survives.

Lieut. Porter, who also ti^nired in the Peckatonica allan-,
belon-ed at ^Mineral Point. .Airs. Elvira .1. WhiteMde, who per-
sonall> knew him, says his first name was dohn. She agrees
with me in thinkinj,^ that on the openin- of the Duhu.iue
mines after the Idaek Hawk war. Porter repaired to tliat
point and died there.

Since the death of Maj. \Vm. Deveise, near P.elleville,
Dane County, Au<;•.•^^ Is.Ssin his ninety-third year, I kuosv
of none of my fedow associates of Peckatonica baitle now
surviving. After over tifty-tiiree years, 1 alone remain.

CU)1. Dodge's battalion marched across the country to
join Cen. Atkinson on Rock river, it was on this route,
Letween now Exeter, in Green County, and Kock river —
some say near Eu'st or Kegonsa Lake— but it was nearer Lake
Xosh-ko-nong, at our encampment, early in the niormng,
that White Crow, with six of his warriors, joined us, tender-
ing his services to pilot the trooi>s to the locality of J'dack
Hawk. Whether White Crow was justly chargeable with
intended treachery may be a debatable question: I think,
however, he was — not, perhaps, in trying to mislead the
army to Bhick Hawk, but in pretending friendship to the
whiles, when, in fact, it was quite clear that his sym-
pathies were for lUack Hawk.

His contluct at and near Lake Kosh-ko-nong was this:
He had said to Col. Dodg(! and others that lie knew wliere
Black Hawk was encam])ed, and would be our guide there,
if desired. His proposal was at once accept.-d; but on the
march that day, we were met by an express from (ien. At-
Liubon, ordering Col. Dodge and (ien. Alexander, who were
then together, to march dire.-tly to him, which threw us olf
the route we were pursuing under the guidance of W hite
Crow. AVhen the chief learned of these orders he refused

I,. ..I


to accompany us, baying lie did not agree to conduct us to
Gen. Atkinson. It was only by the use of severe language
on the part of Col. Dodge, that White (Jrow was prevailed
on to continue with us. We leached Atkinson's camp that
night, and returned the next day to Wiiilewater near where
Black Hawk was encamped.

That night C:a])r,. Charles J)unn — afterwards Chief Justice
Dunn, of Wisconsin — was accidentally wounded. The next
morning, a reconnaissance ol Black Hawk's encam])mcnt
was made — Black Hawk"s Island, at the upjjer end of Lake
Kosh-konong— by (Jol. ^V. S. Hamilton, who at that lime
commanded a sir.all company of rangei's and spies nuuie up
of friendly }>l.-nomonees and some whites. It was found that
Black Hawk had, during the preceding night, abandoned
hisencampiuent. It i)roved to be a very advantageous posi-
tion for him, in case he had been attacked from the oi)posite
or west sitie of the river, which was thought to have been
the pre-airanged plan between him and White Ciow; and
it was believed by many, that in case Dodge and Alex-
ander had, un.ler the guidance of Wliite Cro\\^, attacked
Black Hawk, in this almost unapproachable position, they
Yv^ould have been defeated. It was in tliis view of the case,
that suspicions of treachery were entertained against White
Crow. His village, I think, was on the western side of Kosh-
ko-nong Lake; but the troops did not i)ass in sight of it.

I have no recollection of the locality of the Burnt Village,
said to have been on White-water. None of our troops
could have burned it, or, 1 think. I should have remembered
the circumstance. Ci-anberry Lake of those days is what is
now known as Horicon Lake.

Pierre Paquette, with some live or six Indians, joined us
at some point near the Four Lakes and were with us in
the battle of Wisconsin Heights, but Lft immeaiately there-

I can recall nothing about th(! Lidiau ambui=:cade foiined
near the crossing of the Catfish;' but Hidian signs were
fresh and plenty. Our encampment, on the night of July

' Mentioned by Col. D. M. Piukiuson, Wis. Hi.->t. Colls., ii, o56.

■A '.


Wisconsin Stati-; IIistokual H()cilt\

;2()th, was ill Uie woods, about a ([iiarti.T v.T a mil.; iioctli of
the norlh-oiJst (-iid of .Moiioaa oi- I'liii'd i.:',]:i'. and al< )iit oiio
mile uoitli-cast of llic pic-^ent cro^sin;^ of llu; CaLti sli or
\'aliara. Wo entered what is now ^ladisoti the iioAt nmi-n-
ini;-, between the Third and Koatth Laki-;, ei-ossin;.'; the
Cath^h ac or near where lluj hiid-(3 now spans that stroaio,
nearly south of the forniei- I'esidciue of Wan. Welcli, Iv-q.
After ci'ossiiij'; Catfish, the ln(han trail led aloni;- the bli^dit
rid^^oway het.veen .Al )aaua or T.iird L ike an I the niirshy
land on the west. Ueaehin;.^ tin; imint where the "Lake
House" hotel formerly stood, just ubinaj S. L. Sheldon's
agrieultui-al di'pcjt, a lone Indian was killod. Then turnint^-
nearly due wi^st. we pursued almost precisely over the
f4ronnd where the Capitol now stands — thence neaily due
west, leaving' the summit of University 1 1 ill slightly to the
nortli. This was my hrst visit to the site of iMadison.

During the chase of the -.Mst, occurred the incident men-
tioned by Wakefield, in his work on the l!lack Jlawk war,
of one of Dod'^o's men having- received three wounds from
one shot of a wonnded Indian. It took place about fifit-en
miles west of j\[adison, and not far from the rente of the
present road to Sank Lraii-ici. The Indian was on foot, and
a striiggler, and when discovered by our advanced n\en,
lie attempted to deceive them, by cr\ing- out, Winnebago!
AVinneliago! it was i'egard(Ml as a Aveak device — and if
really a AVinnebago. lu; was found in bad company, in the
wake of the il\ing foe, and was inunediately shot; antl while
in tho act of falling, he raised his gun, and shot a young
man of Caiit. ( 'lark's company, of Wdiitc ( )ak Springs, whose
name t havo forgotten. ] was near 1)\'. and witnessed the
incident — the soldie)- received but one i»all. and that in the

1 was not at the Had Axe battU'. I heard after\vai-<ls,
in general t( i-ms, of the dislodging ni' the Indians upon an
island. I think the statement of (U-n. Mracken is eorrect as
to the pursuit of the fugitives by the Sioux; and my recollec-
tion now is, that this pui-snit was by order of Gen. Atkinson,
and was done by the Sionx alone— how many were killed, was
never definitely staled. 1 think the slain of the Sauks and




Foxes were mostly women and chililren. IJlack Hawk did
not accompany tlie main bndy of fugitive.-, bnt ]-eliicd by
way of (Jiu[)jirwa riv^er, to the i)flls of Wisconsin, wIumh' Ikj
was captui-t;d l)y friendly Winnuljai^nK'S.

Of (V)]. ]\raivdi, who acc^iinpanitul Col. Ilanulton's ran;^crs.
I can give no account after tlie war.

( 'apt. J. P. i'>. (jiratiot, who was with ns at thi- lilue .Mounds,
at the time of the sui-ren<h r of tlif Hall girls, was on no
other occasion in service wdtli Cnl. Dodge. He was Captain
of the company stationed at l''ort (Iratiot,' and doul>ll(.'ss
had charge of the \Viniiebago hosUiges kopt there.

It may be of interest to preserve a record of such of Col.
Dodge's canii^ing places as i can recall. I joined his bat-
talion of mounted men aL Porter's (hove at noon on the :!rd
of June, the day of the surrender of the Hall girls that
night at the IMue ]\Iounds, where we camped that night.
The following two nights we made our encampment at Por-
ter's (irove on the premises of Col. James ^loriison, where
Col. Dodge and Col. Henry Cratiot held a council with the
AVinnebagoes. The night of June the (, we encamped at
Gratiot's (jlrove, having escorted the hostages there, which
the Winn(dKigoes had given as a i)le(lge of their gootl be-
havior; the next night at Kirker's farm, at the head of
Apple river, in Joe-Daviess county, Illinois; and the follow-
ing night on Pock river, where the city of Dixon now stands.

Prom this point Col. Dodge made an tixpeditioii to Ottawa,
on the Illinois river, where Gen. Atkinson then encamited
with his regulars, and ther<^ we staid one night. lieturniiig
to our respective Ports in the Alining country, we made our
camps at tiie same localities as on our outward march. We
encamped at Spafl'ord's farm, near AViota, on the night of
the massacre at that i)lact\ and tlu; following nigid also.

Ourcam[)ing-places, ^vhile on the exi)t'dilion against Plack
Hawk, in theupijer liock riser country. T will give as iieaily
as 1 can hx them. The first night at AViola; the next at
Argyle; the third at Sugar river Diggings, at or near what

'Tiie Hlntoyiea of fuwa and Lafayeitd Counties, 472, make the same state-
ment ^'- ^'- ^-


is now called Exeter; the next iu;;ht at some point in the
wilderness l)etween Kxeter and Rock river — aiip.ireiilly in
the j)resent t()\vii^lii|) of < )re<,^()n — where While Crow and his
party joined us. The next nii^ht we eneaniiied on a sandy
ridyc, about twelve or lifieen niiles in a westerly direction
from Kort Atkinson; and the next day reached (ien. Atkin-
son's cami). where the Fort iiamed alter him was located — this,
according to AVakefield, was the Oth of July.

The commands of Ciens. Henry and Alexander, and Col.
Dodge, were now onlered to Fort Winnebago for a supply of
provisions, 'i'he cju-ampments oji this route were not any
notable localities, and 1 {)resLime, are n(jt material; and 1
may say the same of lluj leti.iJi trip to the ihipids of Kock
river, wher(! we arrived tlie third day from l'\)rt \Vinu»'bago.
"We now started in hot i>ursuit of Dlack Hawk and his band
of fugitives. TIk,' iir>.t camp I need specify was that of July
•^nith, a (]uai-ter of a mile north of tlu; north-east end of
Monona <)]• Third Lake, as already described; then we camped
two nights on the Wisconsin lieights battle-groinid. 'idiis is
the extent of my i)eisonal knowledge of the matter.

I wdl cU)se my pai)er witii my estimate' of the salient
points of (Jen. Dodge's character — particularly of liis public
career. Henry Dodge was no oiilinary man, whether re-
garded as a citizen, a hero, or a statesman. But few men,
in ancient or modern times, possessed these thi-ee prouiiuent
characteristics of the great man, nujre fully than did (ien.
Dodge. As a citizen, he was just, kind and obliging. Dis-
charging with i)romptness and iidelity all the obligations
imposed ui)on him, either by the customs of society, or the
laws of his country. He lawed not. he wrangled not with
his neighbors; but lived in cordiality and friendship with
them. In his disi»osition, he was kind hearted aud generous
-in these respects he Avas not unitize the i^ld -lleri. oi the
Hernutage."" Altliough he had a "[iold and daring head,"
lie had a kind and generous heart. In these respc^cts, ho,
perhaps, was not alwa\ s understood; some supposed, because
he was a bold and daring man, he was harsh and cruel; but
such was not the case. 1 knew hiui well, and in times of
.great excitement and peri)lexity, and never knew anything

Re.mixisc'Enc'KS of the Bi.acTv Hatvr AVak. -^ii

like cruelty, or harshness in his nature. l>uL on the contrary,
knew many things whitth showed his kind aud generous

Only one of which I shall relate. It was at an eaily time
in this country, when (ien. Dodge was living with his family
in some small cabins, near the ])resent village of D.jdgeville.
When on a cold Xovemher evening, just ai night, a small
hoy with a heavy loaded ox team, was overtaken by a stoim
near the cabins. In his own language, he could hardly
make up liis mind whetliei- to go in and ask den. Dodge if
hecould stay ail night, or go on and ruo the risk of frei'zing.
He, however, adoptcMl the former, and went iu and asked
if he could stay all night. He said (ien. Dodge rejdied in
a kind tone, saying: ".My son, you can see that we can
scarcely take care of ourselves: but the best we have, you
sliall be welcome to: we can't turn you out doors." lie im-
mediately sent a nmn to assist him in taking cai'e of his
team, and when he came in. Gen. Dodge conversed with
him kindly and familiarly, making him, as the boy said,

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