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feel quite at home. When he was ready, in ihe moi-ning, to
start, he asked what his bill was, when Gen. ])otige i-ei»lied
iu the same kind tone, "'not anything, my son; we do not
keep people here for money.""

1 hav'e a remai'kable instance of his Ivind and consich^-at
nature; of my own case. When 1 joined his si^uadron in the
l)lack Hawk war, 1 was a mere hoy, and quite a stranger to
all that were in it. He took me into his own, and
cared for me. and lo(>ked after me with the kindness of a

Heroism, however, I always regarded as Gen. Doilge's
most prominent trait of character. This was uni\ersally
accorded to liim, by both fi-ientl and U^n^.. 1 neN>r heard
anyone question, iu the least, his claim to lu;i'oism. .Alost
ani/ man can he a gootl citizen, ;ind nmnij men can be wise
statesmen, hut feiv men can be Itrrucs. Heroism is a rare
qualification, and l)ut f(nv men possess it. The world's his-
tory does not furnish us with an account of many heroes.

(hiu Dodge's entire nnlitary course partakes largel}' of the
heroic character. There is a heroic tinge ahout all his mil-

:l\-l Wisconsin Stati; JIistokicaj. yot'iKTV.

itary acbicvcinciits. Takiivt^ into custody the live Winne-
ha^^o cliieCs at tlic l>liu; I'dound.-, diuiii'-;' the lUack }[a\vl:
AVar, was, r.ndt r the cireurii^iaiK-es, a bold and dj,rH)<^- act:
and recjiiirt'd the iiei've and holdiiess of a liero to liave
lunlei-taken and acconipHsh.'d it. There were al)out as
many Indians on tlie gi-ound as there were of hod-e's men,
and their main army of warriors woj'e c](^se at hand, and
they were just ready and j.;reatl} IneHm'd to sei/e upon any
pretext for an exeuse ti) join Idack ihiwk in his war witii
the whites.

llisndhtary expeditions to, and throuj^h the Kocky ,Aloun-
tains for tliree years, amoni;- the nunierous and hostile tribes
of Indians in those regions, was characterized by the same
bold and heroic movements, that all his military operations
^vure — so n)uch so, that upon its completion, and his re-
turn to Washin(^ti)a, both houses of C!ono-ress unanimously
passed the most complimentary resolutions, expressive of
their hi>^h admiratit)n. and approbation of the lieroic and
satisfactory manner in wdiich he had dischargeil the high
and important trust confided to him.

Tliese are only a few of the heroic acts of (Jen. Dodge,
which so justly stamp lum with the appellation of hero.

As a statesman, the occasion will not allow me to go into
a very exteiuled review of his course. Suflice it to say, he
was in his public career, honest, frank and sincere, ami ex-
pressed his views on all matters, of state, in a clear, concise
and convincing style. There s^'cnu'd to be electricity in his
voice, and magnetism in his manner, when addressing the
Senate of the L'nited States, in wddch august body he served
twelve years, and ranked as one of its most lionored and m-
iluential members.

As Executive of the Teriitory of Wisconsin, he was de-
servedly i.opular. His messages and other State papers, took
high rank with similar documents for tlndr sound, judicious,
ami statesmandike views. From the Executive othce of the
Territory, he was chosen one of the first Senators of the
State, a coavhicinr proof of the high estimate which his fel-
low citizens placed upon his abilities as a statesman.



TliL'se rfniinisc.'nCL'.s of L\)\. .Sliaw, like his I'^r.soiial yannftci', whicli
appeared iu tiic sccuirl voliiim- of lliis sorirs, Wi'ie dictaiL'd liy liiiii in
is:),-) — he was tiu'ij hiiiiil — ami iiult'd down hy llic .Si'CT(>lary of tlie So-
ciety. Other luutter.s i)iechided its nu' iicatioii at the time with iiis Aiir-
ratice. Cul. bhaw (Kissed away, as recorded in our sixth volimie, iu lo71.
He possessed a line memory of liistorical events. Tlie Indians conferred
on ium the name of Es-sap-iKin, or 77/l' /.'arcoo/i — perhaps expressive ef
his cunninj^ and s;i^acity. ^- ^ ■ ^■

Treaty of Portcujc Dc Sioux.— Ai this treaty, held a little
above the inouth of the Missouri, in isia, the United Slates,
I understood, acquired a title to the Lead Jve^noji. l>iit the
Sauks and Foxt's generally repudiated the authority of the
chiefs and head men who ceded that territory, as hunting-
had bec-ome so poor, that they relied much on digging lead
mineral ant! smelting it, and selling it to procure such nec-
essaries and comforts as they desired.

Col. Robert Dickson obtained an unbounded influence
over the Indians of the North-West. He established a law,
that no Indians shoidd engage in war with each other within
twenty-five leagues of Prairie du Chien — that wide belt of
country should be strictly neutral ground. I think he nmst
have made Prairie du (Uiien his summer home for some
thirty years prior to the final i)aciiication in isla. When
l)eace was proclaimed, he spoke to a large assemblage of his
red children, and informed them that the treaty rendered it
necessary for him to retire to the Ped River of the North.
and Hudson's J^ay; that it caused the deepest gloom in his
mind to be compelled to leave his much-loved children, and
that he could never recover from this sorrow. The Indians
by their tears and grief for many days evinced their strong
attachment for their father and friend.

-14 Wisconsin Sta'I'io ilisruuicAL ISucietv.

The Sioux ChitM' I.a Fniillr, oi- The Leaf.— Wnnxi isiy'
sdiiit' ot !h(i inhabitants of I'rairio, (hi Ciiion woru killed hy
tlic \Viiinfha'4(>.'s. The Sioiix ucio the iKHticiilai- i'licuds
of the Fj-oiich, and La Feiiillc, or 'rin' Leu/, was their head
cliief of thf sevc iiti'i'ii bands of the Sioux, residin;^- sonlh uf
the i\liinu'sola or St.i'eters, sonitj four or hve Imndrctl nnles
from Prairio du Chien, as the Indians tiieu estiniatt-d dis-

i^a Feuille, ac;coni!» mi.' I bv al);)at dfty warriors, made
his ai)[)earanee at Pjairje du C'hien, in resjionse to an invi-
tation fi-om the Fremdi j)eo])le of that place, who receiwHl
the chief and his iiaiU' with hearty \seleome.

J^a Keuille was then apparently about twenty-eiglit years
of a.^e,- and vaay nearly seven feet hi^h, of gre'at museuiar
frame, though not overbiu-diae-d with llesh, with coarse
features and h;>ni; visage. He was majestic in his appi.-ar-
ance, with a firm stej), and coimnandini;- mien. Ife called a
council of the \Vinnel)agoes, and when assembled in a
bovvery, in Prairie du Chien, constructed for such ]iurj)oses,
he thus substantiaUy addre.^sed them:

" Vou ^VTnnebu,^•o.■s! the enemy of the white man and of
all Indians, but to.j insigni-ficant to be w^)rthy of my notice.
Haa it not been for the call of my white brethren here, in-
forming me that you have been repeating your murderous
deeds by killing some of my esteemed friends, I should not
be here in council with you toaUiy. lji)on this call, 1 could
hardly make up my mind to any othe-r course than your
total extermination; ami you coald not have exi)ected any-

' It was iiK)i\' likely prior to the eataljlisliuirnt of l-'ort Crawfiird iu
1»1<''- L. U. D.

-' VVaba-shaw, or The Leaf, the pensoti iii-iv referivd to, signeil tlie tr. aty
at Prairie du Chieii ia lSi5, aud wa.s i)r()l),ibly older tliuii ('.>!. Shaw huj)-
posed. He Jiad fuuyht for f e iiriti h diiriiiK tiie war of 1S1:2 1.'). as meu-
tioned in a m.tu on ]j;ige I'Jt, ii, II /\s. lliiit. L'ulls., and was perhaps (piite
youug at that time. Whe t there ar.-! successive chiefs of the same name,
it i- sometimes diliicult to determine wliich one is referred to in our va^ue
accounts of Indian history. The • great \Va-l)a-sliaw,' who figured duriog
the f eriod of the Revolutionary war, and is l.rietlv noticed iu Ne'll'B Min-
tu'sota, pp. 228-30, was probably the father of this chief of tlie same name
mentioned by Col. Shaw. L. U. D.

Indian Ciiii:ks and Pionkkiis or the Xokth-West. -JL")

thing less, fvoin my dtM-lai-atioii on tlio last occasion when I
met you here to elude you for a similar act of perfidy.

" You ^Villneha,L;•oos! I will now ^pi'ak to you in words
that cannot he misundorslood. If i am ever called ujton
again to take you to tadc for kiding my white t)i-ethreu
here, I will come down I'rom tlie inl('ri(jr v/ildcrnc^ss with
my leaves [ warriors |, ami will annihilate you;"' and ])idling
out a hail" from his hi'ad, and hlowing it from liis hand,
added: " I will tlius l;low you away, so you sliall n^^ver
again make water in the streams fiosving into the miglity
Mississippi. Jh) ijDti lunlcrsUiiid iiw/"

The Winnchagoes gav^(! a hideous grunt, acknowledging
that they fully compi'ehended it, and soon sutaked olf. ]iut
thoy stealthily kept ui) their depredations.

About IS.*-.', f.a Fouille again visiti'd Prairie du Chien,
with some tivc hun(hed ot his people, and in council' spoke
of his nation having formerly been the fast fricuuls of the
French — tlunr first love of white folks; the traditions of
which woukl. h(» said, be handed dovvn to the late^st genera-
tions of the Sioux; that their associations with the French
were more congenial to them than witli any other people;
but the French as a naticm were weak and imbecile. The
next friends we had, he said, were the (jlreat Lion, the Saga-
nash, or Fnglish, and being warriors, the alliance was
agi'eeable; and for the British representative, Col. Robert
Dickson, with whom they were so long on terms of intimacy,
they cherished feelings such as words could never express.
Now it was projjosed to him anil his people to make a treaty
of friendship with the Che-muck-omins or i^ong tvnives,
who had now become tlieir neighbors, and they had consid-
ered the matter well. "It is our interest," continueil La
Feuille, "to form the new association, as our Ametican
Father has furnished us with so bountiful a sui)[dy of arti-
cles that we need — and this is the best evidence we can

'The treaty at Prairie du Chien, in 18:2"), is doubtless referred to, where
the name of Wa-lm-shaw, or Tlie Leaf, lieads the list of signers on the part
of the Sioux Indians. He is uncjuestionably the chief mentioned on page
414. Vol. 2d, Wis. Hist. Colls., who aided in bringing tlie Sauk war of 1632
to a close. L. C. D.

JilO \Visc'(»\siN State Hisiokical SoOikty.

liavc why wu should funu sucli ati alliaiiCL'. Sl'c a
hirgc number of jji-cscnts our .\iiioric;iu Fallicr- has s<'iit nsl
Sec ilic t:lolhitu'; for oursrlves, siiuaws Jind cliildrrn; si'c I lie
guns and the wanijiuni; and, ahovc all the rest, and what is
most conclusive, se(? Ihc in ill: of Ihr naiion, so kiu.lly slMiI us
by our Great Fatijor"" — ])ointing to a row of liftecn l)arrids
of whisky. A treaty of friendshif) was formed: aiel J.a
Feuille continued amicable

'I'onmli. — The ."\lL'n<)m«.)nt'(j chirf Tomah dcsc^'jnk'd the
river fi-om Prairie tlu C'liien to St. Louis, in Jsi;, in comjjany
with me. ilo could sjti'ak some words in l''r< ueh, and was
<iuite companionable, fre([Uently invlulging in jilcasantry
and drollery. He was then quite advancod in ycai's. but
was very active, and matle cam)) on shore, of nights, fur us

Ued r>ud Di.slnibniice, 18-.*:. —lied I'.ird did not dii; till
after his trial — not, as ( ien. Smith stales in liis JJi.slori/ of
\[^/.s(:o}isiii, before his trial. He \\'as tried and convicted,
togetner with Chickdnnig-iric, or T/ie Litlle Steer, and \Vi-
na-ga, t)r 7'Ac *S'////; but the sentence was deferred till the
last day of that term of the court, and then, from sonuj cause,
was not pronounced. J)uring the trial, lied iJird repeatcxily
protested against the whole proceedings as, in his estijna-
tion, cowardJy and unworthy a great mition. He was re-
.manded to prison to await his sentence, and there died. }Ie
ai)peared to me to be about fifty years of age, and there was
nothing very remarkable in his a})pearance. His fellow
culi)rits, Little Steer and The Sun, subsequent!}^ received
their sentence, but were ultimately pardoned by the ]*resi-
dent. I think there were eight WinnebagO(,'s, instead of six
as (ien. Smitli states, wdio v(duntarily surrendered them-
selves as prisoners, in order to relieve their nation from the
disastrous effects of a war with the •s\'hites. The others
were finally discharged without trial.

Black Hani:, l.s;i;.\— Not long after Black Hawk's capture
I descended the river on a steamboat with him from (iaiena,
and having been a number of years acquainted with him,
he appeared glad to see nie, and talked freely about the re-
cent war. He said he had been in irons, but he was then

I; ■ . lii'V

.:•' ' ' .1' ;'M"

)J:.V' .](.';'

Indian CiiiKrs and Pionfehs ok thi-: Xoktii-West. -217

unshackled; sevei-al other Indians were also prisoners with
him, one of whom was Wan-pel la.' Dlack Hawk had an
inter])reter, ])resent. a Frenchman, so wo could converse.
He said he was ^lad to meet wiih one who could c(iiiii)re-
hend his grievances, and spoke of the misfoi'tunv that re-
sulted from the misai)prehension on the part of the white
people of the object he luid in view. 'J'liat lu^ had long
been in (lie liabit of visiting the British post at Maiden, gen-
erally yearly, and received with his i)eople liberal presents.
Tluit eaidy in is;j:i, thinking it was a tedious undertaking,
to make that long jounu^y so fre(pjently, and that the
wliites were then over-running and gaining j'ossession by
pretended ti'eaties, of all their fine country, and but little
game remaining, he started for Caiuida, with such of his
people as might choose to follow him, with the design of re-
maining tlierer that he Imd been forewarned by Keokuck
and other chiefs, that in going in the direct route he
proposed thi-ough. tlie settled i)ortions of the • country,
he and his party would be regarded by the inhabi-
tants as making a hostile movement; but that he, Black
Hawk, thought it belter that his people should keep
embodied ralher than get scattered. That after they
had pi-ogressed a few days in upper Illinois, he found
he was pui-.sued by the whites. He said he was still in
hopes, if he could have an opportunity, to be able to explain
satisfactorily the reason of the embodied movement of his
people, but, he said, he had been grieviously disappointed in
the hope of a peaceful r(!tirem(!nt to Canada. He was set
upon by armed men,' which he supposed was only the ad-
vance detachment, and now concluded that war was inev-
Black Hawk related, that he tlu-n said to his young men,

' Wau-pel-Ia, or IIe-]V}iu-is-raiute(i]\'Iutt; a Fox chi.f, was signer of
the treat es of IS-JL', 1830, isa:3 ami lS;5li. L. C. D.

' This ylury ( f Hk^ck Hawk's design of retiring to C.inail i, as rolateil to
Col. Siiaw, in Sej)teiiiber, 1S;!2, is singularly at vaiiance with I he reasons
and purposes of his uiovemeuts as dictatt-d in his auto-biOjiraphy the fol-
lowing ycin; and appears uoL su->eeptible of reconciliation. L. C. D.

■' Col. !• tihuaii's pursuit.
If) -II. C.

218 Wisconsin State ITistojucal Society.

tjiat iiiasiniicli as tho whites liad coiii'iK'Hced niakiiu; war
upon ttu'iu, they sliould uiake ihc hest ilet'enso the}- coukh
lie expressed his suri)iis(.' that the Americans could, in so
brief a i)eri(.)<], have asseiid)leil so lar^e a force, and still
iiioro sui]irised to lin<l soiik; Indians aniony them. That he
and his party endured great fati;i;ue and sulTering- in their
inarch, with their won)en, children and l)a<i:ga[^e, and dis-
covering that the whites and tlieii- Indian associates were
feieadily gaining on him, he sought an o}){>ortunity of speak-
ing with the Indians wlu) were aeconi])anying the Ameri-
cans; but finding none, he went back some distance^ the
night after tho battle of Wisconsin Ueiglits, and asc('nded
a ti-ee, as near the American encam[)ment as he thought it
lirudent to venture, and spoke in as loud a voice as he })Osi-
bly could, desiring the American Inriians to infoian the
wliitcs that he was not for war; that he was only endeavor-
ing to leave the country, and hoped he would be permitted
to do so in peace.

Ihit luj said, he. knew by tlie removed pursuit of the
w))ites the next morning, that further conilict was inevita-
ble, and lui felt convinced, that in the then enfeebled condi-
tion of his people, that he had nothing favorable to hope for
in the result, lie now changed his route, and directed his
coarse towards the Mississii)pi; and to facilitate the more
rapid move) .'s of himself and i)eople, they wei-e com-
pelled to tlr'V/ away all their heavy and most cumbei-some
articles. 'I'iie whites also increased their s]»eed, and he and
his jaded f( llowers were overtaken at the l-5ad Axe river —
an indisciiminate massacre took place — many were killed
and drowned; and lilack Hawk and his people believing that
no quarter would be shown them, escaped as best they could,
and dispersed. As he spoke of the slaughter of his people
at the Bad Axe, in their helpless and forlorn condition, tears
coursed down his aged cheeks. The old chief added, that he
was soon captured and put in irons; but linding that he
would not attempt to escape, the irons were taken otf; but
he did not know what the Americans would do with him.
This is substantially the story Black Hawk related to me.
I never saw him afterwards. In conversation with him at

1 1-.. ■■.,;

V -.-'r,


Indian Chikrs and Pionkkijs ok the North- West. ■■ll'J

the treaty of Portage des Sioux in ISla, he said that he had
seen me on llie i\libSouri frontier many times during the war
of lSl:v'-15 — 1 think he said ho saw mo when 1 escaped in
the canoe at tht." mouth of C'uivre river.' I saw liim se\('ral
times hefore the Indian troubles of Is.i-j, at Pi'aii'ii' du ('hien
and elsewhere, and he liad stopped at m}' house and en j(jyed
my liospitality. lie consecpiently seemed to rehearse to me
his griefs and misfortunes with the freedom of an old liicnd.
Of his sons 1 ha\e no kiiowled^ji;.

JCe-<)-kucL\ — At the time of wiiieh 1 am now speaking, IS'.V^ ,
there was no settlement at what is now called K'e-o-kuck, ex-
cept StillwelTs cahiiis. Not long after J Mack Hawk's decent
of the river as a prisoner, the remnant of his band arrived
at that pi)int, gene'rally in canoes; warriois, women and
children, numbering }) M-liaps two hun.lre 1 altogether, dis-
enib irked, and sat down aloa^ the bdach. Ke(^kuck, at the
head of a few followers, n:)\v m i I-.; his ai)p;'arance — Iiis
first meeting with them since tln'ir d(.j)arture on their ad-
venturous and disastrous hegii-a. lie appeared to be some
thirty years of age; and as h'^ approacht^d, and beheld his
surviving countrymen and associates, some wounded, and
all haggard, and in a jnost j>itable condition, now returning,
and looking to him as the most intluencial chief of the
Sauk and Fos. nations, for friends!ii[> and protection, ir
was dee[)ly moved at the sight, lie walked along theit- liii
forward and backward, for som(3 minutes, the working of
the muscles of his face, and even his brawny limbs,
ing the strong agitation of his mind at beholding sucii a
scene. He burst into a flood of tears as he said touchingly:

"My mothers, my sisters, my brothers ! I forewarned yoii
of what I believed was inevitable — that should you
persist in marching oil" in a body, your attitude would
he regarded as a hostile one, and you would be destioyed.
The d(;struction of that i)ortion of our nation, of which you
are the remnant, lias be'en nearly etfected. Your leader is
gone — he is in the keeping of the whites — we know not
what will be his fate. But you must submit to your condi-

' Col. Shaw's Narratiw, ii, Wis. Hist. Colls., pp. 207-208. L. C. D.

d \': ■■• ]i,i\

:l-li) Wisconsin State IIistokii.'ai. SocTm'Y.

tioi), and must now fully ideutiiy yourselves with us, tho
peaceful ])ortiou of the nation, and \vc; will, to the utmost of
oui- ahility, alleviate y(jur sulferin^s, and su])i)ly your wants.
You kiu)w me well, and know that 1 never had a desire to
goto war, eitluu- a>;-ainst the white or the red man, and al-
ways endeavored to inculcate by my own exam[)le, that i»i'ace
was oni- true policy. Now my advice to you, youny men.
llu! remi.ant of a nohh^ band, is to pursue the game in the
torest, and not seek tlu^ destruction of }'our felKtwmen,
while your women cultivate tic soil at S(jme place cdiusen
for the ])ur])ose, and there livc^ in i»,,'ace and harmony
'with all."

All were deeidy affected, and wept like children, and
seemed like so many returning prodigals. 1 was })resent at
this scene, and had my feelings as deeply stirred wiihin me
as tlie rest. ( Jathering up what little they had, they now
followed Ke-o-kuck a few miles up the ])es Moines, where he
and liis i)eople resided.

Kc-o-kuck was a noble man, and a good friend of the white's.
His father's name was also Keokuck, and was the head
])eace chief of the Sauks and Foxes at their old town, about
two miles above the mouth of liock river, between the llock
and ]\lississi])pi, while a small portion were located on the
oi)p3site or southern bank of R )ck river. There must have
been five thousand a(;res in their fields, and they had every
api)earance of long occupancy and cultivation, and the soil
was exceedingly good. There doubtless young Ke-o-kuck
was born. His father must have been living at least as late
as Ls:.'(); I know not when he passed away- — but some time
between IS'iO and l.s:j-.*.'

Black Thunder was a noted chief and counsellor, and a
very remarkable orator of his day. He was considered the
ablest spciaker of the Sauks and Foxes (^f his time. I heard
him speak when I went uj) Fevre river in Ksiii, and several
times afterwards; antl can testify to his great ability as an
orator. He was of medium size, of strong expressive fea-

'Prol-ably prior to 182 1, as tlie uame of Iveokuck, or Tlie Watchful Fu.c
doubtless llif son, ai»p-ars appended to tliu treaty of that year, as well as
to tlie sub.eipient treaties of lS2o, 1S30, 1S;]2, and ls;jU. L. C. D.

Indian CiukI'S and PionI':ei;s (;f the Noutu-Wilst. ■>■!]

tures, with a bvilliant eye, pi.'culiarly jjiorcin;^ wlmn ani-
mated with his subject while a'hh-essiu^ an audience. His
energy was uii[),iralhdi.'d, and he look i.i dec;) intcrc.-t in
whatever i)ertaiiie'd in the v^cifar(; of his j)eo;»k\ 1 do not
know ol: his liavin.^ talceu any [Kirt in tlie troubles ot ls:;:i,
nor wliat became of him.'

Of tile Proj)het, Xah-o-ic)]).', and Wisii-eet, I know nolli-
ing worth cojiniumicating.

One l<"^yed De-Kau-ry was, I think, a Sauk, but was always
identilietl with the Winneba;^oes, perhaps by marriage; his
home was near what is now Portage Oity. I havo seen him
at Prairie du Chien. He was called by the French LeBorgne,
or The One-Kijed. lie was something over the medium size.

Yellow Thunder, a Winnebago chief, whom I fre([uenll}'
met, was a man of great respr-ctibility among his people,
and an able counsellor in all their })iiblic atfairs. He was a
zealous Catholic. The last time I saw him was at the Indian
payment in IStS, at L ike Powakanna, in Winnebago county.
His old encam})ment, called the Yellow Banks, was about
hve miles below B.irlin, on Fox River.'

DiibKi/nc's Tinnb. — Jalien Dubuque was buried on a very
high promontory on the western shore of the ]Mississii)[>i. at
some ])eriod prior to 1815, aboat a mile below the present
city of Dabmpie. A tomb was erected over the grave, cov-
ered with tin, and on a bright day when tlie sun's rays would
reflect from it, it couKl be seen for a distance of a dozen
miles below. So great was the veneration of the Indians
for Diibucpic's memory, that they constantly kept vigil for
years over his tomb, till the whites became (juite thickly set-
tled in the country. The tomb has since gone to decay.

Tlie Wiscon.^iii I\)rt(i(ie.— \ always understood, that when
the trade bf^ween :\Iackinaw and the Wisconsin ami Upper

' Mil k-ka-tan-a-na-ina-kee, or Black Thnadcr, was a Fox chii'f, and a
sig'-er of the treaty at Portage Dt'S Sioux, in SepteiiibiT, IS!'). As his
name iloi'S not .-ippear to any subrieiiuent treaties, lie proba )ly .lit'l nul
very long a ter Col. Shaw last saw him. L- <^- 1^-

■ He was a s gner of the treaty -f 1«-21), ami his village is mentioned in
Col. Cliarli's Wliiltl-^sey's Recollections of Wl<c}risiti in \b?>l, p. 71, vol. I,
Trt.s-. Illst. Colts. I- ^'- !>•

:3-2'2 Wisconsin State IIistoimcai. Society.

^lississi]*!)! luul Ih'coiiu! imp >rlant, tlu; early Fi'ciich ailvi'ii-

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