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lections to his worthy son, Judi^e T. Stiuiforl U.iilles, of
that city.

XIX. — Col. C'. C. JoN'Ks' second set conbists (jf tiiirty-ono
A. L. S. ; iiartlett, 'riu^rnton, Hopkins, Slierniin, Williiinis,
Floyd, Stockton, Clark, Ta-ylur, lujss, liivul, Wythe, twelve
A. 1^. S.; Livin-^-ston anil 11. 11. I,ee, L. S.; Paine L. .Morris,
Ifart, j\lorto2), Stone, l\mn, Ileyu'urd, .ALiddleton, Gwinnett
and Hall, ten, I). S.; and Lyncb, si .^nature, 'i'his st^t is de-
sii^ned for his s)n; and is also inlaid on VVhalmin paper,
and illustrated witli the best eng-raved portraits extant, ami
views of residtinees, etc. Ot" the letters, ^ix were written
durinj^the Ivevolutionary period — Whipple in 17;o, Smith
in 177»J, llewes in 1777, Nelsi>n in ]7:^1, Harrison in 17SJ, and
Paca in 17S i.

XX. — Dk. Emmet's third set. Though the nundjer of full
letters is not so large as some other collections, yet tliey
present a valuable historical series. Th(iy n.umber twenty-
eight A. L. S.; Bartlett, Wtiipple, Hancock, Paine, Sherman,
AViUiams, Floyd, lij wis, Ijivingston, Lewis Morris, Clark,
Stockton, Witherspoon, Clymer, j\[oi-ton, Ptush, Taylor, Wil-
son, AIcKean, Read, Wythe, Hoo};er, Heyward, Midilleton,
(jwinnettand Hall, A. D. S.; Hart D. S.; and Lynch cut
signature. Fifteen of the fidl letters were wi-itten during
the Revolutionary period; that of Ross bears dalt? July :i,
17 ?0. while EUery, R. Morris, Rodney, R. H. Lee and Hewes
were written during the Dcclaivition year. This sec is used
to illustrate Sanderson's JjIoch o/ ///ri 6'/;/, it^/'.s', eight volumes,
uncut, with just enough raie prints and engraved likenesses
to render the volumes of conv* iiien'/ .-,ize.

XXt. John i\I. ll.u.i:, atturney atlaw, Philipsburg, Pa., has
recently^ completed his .-^ut of the Signers. H.j was born in
Lewistown, Pa., Febiaiary is, l^;]',), and graduated from the
University of Pennsylvania in isii.;. He comnieJici'd the
collection of autogra})hs in 185), first finding rare letters and
documents amoiig some old papers he had occasion to ex-
amine; and commenced by exchanging duplicates, and



4:2i:' Wisconsin State IIistokical Society.

since has purchased many autographs from various auctions
and other i~ources, securin^^ his T^} nch and Gwinnett at the
recent Cist sahi.

His coUection of the Signers consists of twenty five
A. L. S.,l>artlett; \vl1ih3 Thornton, Wiiiijplr, Hancock, Paino,
Sherman, AVilliams, Wolcott, Levv^is ?ilorris, Clark, Hopkin-
son, Stockton, CMyrner, T\I(n-ton, Ross, AVytlie, ?ilid(llcton,
and lUitlcdge arc A. 1). S.; S. Adams, llo^jkins and l.iv-
ing-ston, L. S.; Snuth, Tayh)r, Read, (Iwinm^tt, Hall and
Walton, 1). S.; Hart, Penn, Hey ward and T.ynch, signatures.
Twelve are Revolutionary letters —Stone and Hewes, i::(;;
R. H. Lee, 1?<7; Lewis, LiS; Witherspoon, i:?'.); John
Adams and HariLson, 17.^0; ]\IcKean and Nelson, \:^l; RLud-
ney, 1?8.*; and Paca and Rraxton, 17S:i.

Mr. Hale has nearly ct^niplete several other Feries— Presi-
dents of the Continental Congress, and Presidents of the
United States; Signers of the Confederation, and of many
other memhers of the Continental Congress; Chief Justices
and Associates of the Supreme Court; otlicers of the Revcdu
tionary war; Episcopal Bishops of the United States; Gover-
nors of Pennsylvania; also a set of the Signers of the Con-
stitution, save John Rutledge, only.

XXH.— Hon. :\1ki.li:n Ciiami;eklain, Boston. Though not
the oldest in years, ]\lr. Chamherlain has heen the longest
engaged in making autograph collections of any of his sur-
viving fellow collectors of sets of the Signers. He was horn
in Pemhroke, N. II., June ilh, ISM; graduated at Dart-
mouth in IS 11, and from the Dane Law School in 1S4S; and^
in IS.^f), had conferred on him by Dartmouth the degree of
LL. D. He b(!gan to collect autographs as early as is.Jii.

His set of the Signers is unique in its character and ar
rangement. It is made U() of the genuiiu; signatures,
pasted on a line copy of the O^'ckiration in fac .simile, of fidl
size, on parchnuMit colori.-d papin*. Tlie document was
glazed and framed. It thus rt;presents the great Declai'ation,
and is infinitely more pleasant to look at than the misused
and time-worn original at Washington. This set Avas com-
pleted about isof).

His Signers of tlie Constitution, completed about ISOU; of



AUTO(iRAPirs OF THE SIGNERS. 435

the confederation; also an address of tlie Continental Con-
gress of tile Kin^^ of Great l>ritain in 1711, are all represented
in the same way. These ^li\ Ciiaberlain calls Tahlet.s; and,
it must be confessed, that they present a very attractive ap-
pearance,

Mr. Chamberlain's jjjeneral collection, Ani(;rican and
European, will, whi;n bound with portraits iind otiier illus-
trations and lctl(.'r pi't'-;s, make soiik^, two hundred volumes.
He has made a si> "i-i.ilty of illustrating^ books, such as
Duyckinck's C{jcU>i)i'(Ua of Ainouciii Litci-alnre, wliich has
grown to about sixty vc)luui(^s, ready for binding.

AVhether expressed or otherwise, the autograph of Charles
Thomson, the faithful Secretary of Congress, may always
be regarded as hudingan appro})riatti j)lace in every collec-
tion of the Signers of the Declaration of Independence.

Inco.mpletk Sets of the Suixeks.

Concise notices will now be given of the incomplete col-
lections extant of the Signers, so far as we have been able
to obtain any knowledge of them — giving their strength so
far as known. These representations tend to show the
scarcity of certain autographs, and the ditliculty — nay, al-
most impossibility — of securing them.

1, llENitv A. Wii.LAKi), Washington, D. C. This set of
the Signers numbers fifty two, and its strength consists in
the fact that it possesses both of the rare signatures of
Lynch and (jvvinnett, thus rendeiing it comparatively easy
to complete it. There are in the collection twenty-three
A, L. S.; Clymer, Stone and jNIiddleton, A. D. S.; S. Adams,
L. S.; Paine, Bartlett, Thornton, Whipple, Hopkins, Wil-
liams, Lewis, Hart, Hopkinson, Cl;nk, AVilson, liodney, Mc-
Kean, Harrison and Smitb, 1). S ; Sherman, Morton, Wytiie,
Hewes, Hey ward. Lynch and (isvinnett sigiuitures; K. ^lor-
ris, Taylor and Jetlei'son are in the collection, but their
character is not specified; while tin; set lacks only Lewis
Morris, Hooper, Penn, and Hall.

As Mr. Willard's collection possesses the rare Lynch and
Gwinnett signatures, with many other rarities, no effort
should be wanting to secure its early completion.



430 Wisconsin State Historical Society.

2. Simon Gi;atz's second set, consists of fifty-five Signers
—of which fifty oneare A. L. S.; Hopkins and Gwinnett, L. S.;
I\[orton and .ALi.ldieton, 1). S., lackini,- i.ynch oidy.

;i Cor>. Fkank M. KrriN;;, Concordville. Pa., has fifty-
five Signers in his collection, wanting- only Lyncli; hfty are
A. L. S.; Hart and ]Morton, A. 1). S.; Hopkins, Smith, and
Gwinnett, 1). S. Once -Mr. 'IVlVt olTercd Cul. Ktlini^ a Lynch
Bignatare, which he (leclhusl, sayini^- hi had never admitted
such into his culk-ction. Gol. Ellin - has, hesides his two
collections of the Signers of the Constitution, ahnost a com-
plete set of the Uenerals of the Hevolution.

■1. D. I\IoN. Staltfkkk, of New York, having fifty-five,
lacks only Lynch of a full set; of which forty-three are A. L.
S.. the rarity of a full .Alorton letter anion^ them; Thorn-
ton, Wolcott, Clark, Read and Hey ward, A. D. S.; Hopkins,
Livingston, Hooper and Mi<idleton, L. S.; Lewis Morris,
Hart and Gwinnett, 1). S.; linely illustrated.

5. CuAKLEs Uonh:iirs, of Pliiladelphia, has lifty-four
Signers, lacking Lynch and Gwinnett; forty-three are A.
L.°S.; AVilliams, Hart, Stockton, Morton, Read and Wythe
are A. D. S.; Hopkins, Livingston and Hall, L. S.; Heysvard
and Mi.idleton, D. S.; fully illustrated.

iAlr. iioberts, bL-sides a full set of the Signers of the Con-
stitution, has eiglity-one of tlie eighty-six Generals of the
Revolution, and otln r series in a well advanced stale.

(j. HiUA-M HiTtMioocK, of New \^3rk, has lifty-four Sign-
ers, needing Lynch and Gwinnett to complete the set; of
wliich John Adams, Gerry, Paine, ICdery, Huntingt.ni,
Lewis, Witherspoon, Franklin, R. IVIorris, Ru^,h, Wilson,
■Rodney, Carrol, Chase, Ih-axton, Jelferson, one of the Lees,
Kelson, H'.op' r and Walton, twenty in number, are A. L. S ;
while the others are A. D. S., or IX S.

r. The foarlh collection of the signers of J)r. T. A. K.M-
MET, of N>;w York, yet lacks Lynch and i\ winnett. it must
necessarily h.j made up of less desirable specimens than
those coniprising his three full sets; it is, however, above
the average, and it is a matter of no small marvel that ho
should have so nearly completed a fourth collection in any
form.



AUTOCiliAPlH OF THE SiCiNERS. 437

S. Tlie second set of Miis. D. J. CoirioNr, of Baltimofo,
gatliered by the late Dr. C )heii, lacked only two of comple-
tion in 1870 — apparently Lyjich and (Jwinnett; and, it is
believed, lias not rec.nved any a Idilion or iniproveni int
since that time.

[). CiiAKLES F. GuNTiiEii, of Cliica-iV), has fifty-foiir of
the fifty six Signers, lackin;^ Lynch and (I'-vijin* tt. Of their
strengtli and condition, we have no information.

10. Ja:»ii<:s H. EociKuiA', of Great Falls, N. 11., needs only
Lynch and Gsvinnett to complete his set. We only learn
that it is not strong in fall autograph letters.

IJ. Thti second collection of Prof. K. H. I^eefin(;\vell, of
New Haven, has fifty-two Signers; it lacks Taylor, Lynch,
Middleton and G\vinne;tt of completion. Of the fifty two
autographs of the Signers, forty si\ nw A, L. S.: with n:irt-
lett, Hopkins and Jl(^y\v.ii\l, L. S.; ll;irt and Li\ ingsiou
1). S., and Morton, a signature to a Continental bill. Un-
bound, and copiously illustrated.

12. Tiie second set of Tvlr. R. C. Daves, of Philad(dphia,
numbers fifty one; of whicli thirty-five are A. 1^. S.; AValton,
A. D. S.; S. Adams, Ho})kins, Livingston, Harrison, Nelson,
Heyward, Ifiddleton and Itutledge, L. S.; Thornton, Whip-
ple, Paine, AVilliams, Hart, 3lorton, and Walton, D. S.; and
lacking L. Morris, Hooper, Penn, Lynch, and Gsvi)inett.
Fully illustrated.

13. HowAKD K. Sandehsox, of Lynn, ]\Iass., probably
the youngest collector of a set of the Signers, is only twenty
two years of age and commenced his collection in lS8f. His
set numbers lifty one; of which twenty four are A. L. S.,and
twelve of them of the Revolutionary period. Chase and Penn
being 177G letter^; Bartlett, Thornton, Sherman, Williams,
Wolcott, Floyd, Stockton, Read, Hooper and Rutleflge, A. D.
S.; Livingston, L. jMorris, Lewis, Smith, Taylor, |{ irrison,
and Ileyward, L. S,; Hancock, S. Adams, Hopkins, Hart,
Hopkinson, AVitherspoon, Franklin, ]\[orton, Wythe, and
Walton, D. S.; lacking, F. L. Lee, Middleton, Lynch, Gwin-
nett and Hall.

Mr. Sanderson has also several series, well advanced, of the



43S Wisconsin State Histuuioal Society.

Presidents, Governors of Masoaclmsetts, and of the Kings
and Queens of l^^nj^land.

U. Col. Wim.ako T. I'.lock, recently of Des ?iloines,
now of Pittsburgh, e-oninienced autograph collecting when
a boy of twelve, and prosecuted it diligently for tun years;
but has latterly ceased making any special efforts tu increase
his collections. His set of the Signers numbers fifty om-, of
which twenty-two are A.L. S.— J.Adams,( ^erry, Ellery, Hunt-
ington, Floyd, Lewis, Hopkinson, Stockton, Ciymer, Franklin,
K. Morris, Paish, Wilson, Carroll, Chas(% Paca, Jefferson,
F. L. Pee, K. li. Lee, Nelson, Ilewes, and Walton; twenty-six
A. J). S. and ]). S., and three signatures — Hart and Morton
to Colonial currency, and Livingston a signature only.
Smith, Hooper, L} nch, G winnett, antl llaH are lacking. Col.
Plock has also quite a collection of American autographs,
including a complete set of the Presidents of the Old Con-
gress, save Henry .Middleton; and all the Presidents of the
United States.

15. Rev. Dr. Jos. H. Dui;i5S, of Lancaster, Pa., has fifty
of the Signers, made up, as a rule, of letters or fine A. I). S.,
and not including any cut signatures; the lacking auto-
graphs are Penn, Heyward, Lynch, ^[iddleton, Gwinnett,
and Hall.

])r. ])ubbs has also a nearly complete set of the Signers
of the Constitution; and other series, yet incomplete, of the
Generals of the Revolution, Presidents, Vice Pr(;sidents,
and Cabinet members; Judges of the Supreme Court; naval
ollicers, American authors, and American divines, including
more than a Inindred Episcopal 13ishops; together with
series of Pennsylvania members of tlie (Jontinental Con-
gress and since. Governors, Senators, and Attorney Generals.
Dr. Dubbs commenced making his collections in LSOO, and
]ias been very successful; giving, however, but little atten-
tion to them of late years.

10. Geo. ]\L (JoNAKiLOE, attorney at law, Philadelphia,
commenced his collections about J.SJO, and gathered the
most of them during the ensuing ten years. His set of the
Signers numbers forty-eight, of which tliirty-three are
A. L. S.; Paine, Witlierspoon, Morton, Ross, Smith, Taylor,



Autographs of the Sioneks. 439

and McKeaii, A. D. S.; ITarrisun, I.. S.; J. Adams, a noto
sii^ned with initials; Bartlett, Thointon, Hopkins, Stone,
Midtlleton, and Guinnett, 1). S.; lacking W_) thn, licvves.
Hooper, Tonn, Hey ward. Lynch, Gwinnett, and Hall.

Mr. Conarroe has also made incomplete series of Generals
of tlie Revolution, Presidents and Cabinet nuMnbeis; to-
^etlier with interesting collections of literary, scientific, and
legal autograph letters and documents.

17. The second set of Signers of ]Mr. F. J. Djieek, of Phil-
adelphia, numbers forty-seven; of which forty- three are
A. L. S.; jidorton, A. D. S.; Hopkins and Livingston, L. S.,
and Heyward, D. S.; lacking Thornton, Paine, Stockton,
lioss. Stone, Penn, Lynch, ]\liddleton and (iwinnett. Copi-
ously illustrated.

18. The second collection of Mi's. W. D. Lev, of Provi-
dence, R. L, made by her mother, the late Mis. Eliza H.
Allen, has forty- six of the Signers, lacking Whipple, Floyd,
L. ]\Iorris, Smith, Read, R. H. Lee, Nelson, ]\[idiileton. Lynch,
and Gwinnett.

]!J. Cjiauees P. GuEEiVOUGii, Postou, has some forty-six
of the Signers, lacking ten — utilized in a series of the mem-
bers of the Old Congress, of which he has a large majority.
He has nearly a complete set of the Signers of the Consti-
tution. For his general collection, he selected l,o(iO letti-rs
from the John Hancock papers, and :<!,UOi) from Daniel
"Webster's correspondence.

20. Nathan £KL Paine, Worcester, Mass., has forty-live
of the Signers in his collection, of which eighteen are
A. L. S.; Whipple, Sherman, Wolcott., ]\IcKean, Paca, Wythe,
and Rutledge, A. D. S.; S. Adams, Hancock, Paine, EUery,
Williams, Floyd, Livingston, L. ^lorris, Hopkinson, Wither-
spoon, jMorton, Ross, Taylor, AVilson, Chase, and Walton,
D. S.; Hart, Stockton, Harrison and Heyward, signatures;
lacking Hopkins, Clark, Read, Stone, Hewes, Hooper, Penn,
Lynch, Middleton, Gwinnett, and Hall.

]\Ir. Paine's coUectioa of the Signers is bound up in two
volumes, in half red crushed levant morocco, with illumin-
ated titles especially prepared for them. The first volume
contains an historical monograph, handsomely printed, with



440 Wisconsin State IIlstouical Society.

fourteen engravings of tlie Signers mentioned in that col-
lection; a brief history of tlio thirteen original States, and
lives of the Signers pr()[)erly illustratfMl; two fin(dy printed
copies of tlio Denlaration, with an early broad^ido of tliat
document; then Brotherhead's /ar.' siiii/les from his HooI: of
tJie Signers, with portraits, and b(;fore each fac .si mile is
i)lac(^d the (original autograph, or the sjtace left vacant for
the dt'ficiency. This volume embraces the New England
States and New York, with an illuminated coat of arms of
each of those States. The second vohirne onbraces th(i re-
maining States with autographs and ilhistrations similarly
arranged, together with /ac similes of ilm original Declara-
tion and signatures, and chronological tables of the princi-
pal events of the c-ountry from 1770 to l.S7ii.

;.'!. The second set of Mr. i). ]\[cN. STAUFPiHiR, of New
York, numbyrs fort3'-one, v/hich goes towai'ds forming a
collection of the mi-mbtn-s of the Old Congress — some three
hundred and eighty in all — of whicli he lacks but tv/ei>ty-
three.

^■•i. ]\[r. F. J. Ditio.'Cii's third set numbers forty, of wliich
thirty-fiv^e are A. L. S.; S. Adams, Livdngston, Saiith and
Paca, L. S., and Morton, D. S; whilesixteen are lacking, viz.:
Thornton, Paine, Hopkins, Williams, Hart, Stockton, Ross,
Stone, Hewes, Hooper, Pena, lliyward, Lynoh, Middlbton,
Gwinnett, and Hall.

23. The late John CAriTEii Brown, of Providence, pur-
chased the set of the Signers, quite incomplete, mide by
the late Hon. Henry C. Murphy, of Brooklyn. Particulars
of its strength and character are not now attainable.

2t, Gordon L. Ford, of Brooklyn, has about forty of the
Signers. It was commenced in is;j:)~at wliich time Mv.
Ford states, that he knew of but four other collectors in this
country, namely: Dr. Si)rague, Mv. Tefft, Mr. Gilnior and
Mv. Cist. His aim wa^ not so much to form any complete
series, as to secure letters of historic iut(;rest and value.
Of his incomplete set of the Signers, about three-fourths
are full letters, alphabetically arranged, illustrated with
portraits, views and short sketches^ but not bound. His en-



Autographs of the Signers. 441

tire autograph collection is very large, reaching, probably
one hundred thousand letters and documents.

5^5. Hon. iMellen Chamberlain, of Boston, besides his
set of mounted signatures ot" the Signers, has some thirty
letters and documents towards a second collection, of
which we have no classification.

X*G. Tlie Pennsylvania Historical Society have about
one-half of the Signers in separate letter form, which tliey de-
sign utiHzing, at some future time, in improving their set,
whicti came from the collections of the late Dr. Sprague.

27. ]\Iiss Mary D. HAT1IA^\■AV, of New Bedford, Mass.,
inherited from her mother, Mrs. AVilliam Hathaway, several
years since, an incomplete collection of the Signers; of its
comi)t)sition wc^ hav^e no information.

^*s. Charles S. OoDEN, of Philadelphia, is mentioned as
an autograph collector as early as is:).}. Some twenty
years or more ago, writes J I. (-. Davis, ]Mr. Ogden had the
nucleus of a nice collection of the Signers, which was given
to his son, Henry Curbit Ogden, of New Vork. We have no
knowledge of its strength or classihoation.

29. Henry C. A^an Schaack, of jManlias, N. Y., has ar-
ranged in three volumes, a fine collection of autographs,
among which he enumerates eigliteen of the. Signers.

'60. CoL. F. M. KiTiNci, of Philadelphia, in addition to his
regular set of the Signers, lacking only Tiynch, has nearly a
full collection of the signatures of the Signers, mounted and
framed, with likenesses — of their exact number, and de-
ficiencies, we are without information.

31. The late William Faxon, of Hartford, Conn., at one
time Assistant Secretary of the Navy, formed an incom-
plete set of the Signers.

As the imperfect set of the Signers of the late ]\Iaj. Ben.
Perley Poore, is soon to bo dispersed, together with his
several thousand American autographs, it is unnecessary to
further refer to his collection, of ^^hich we have no specific
account.

The incomplete set of Signers made by Dr. Lewis Roper,
of Philadelphia, was purchased at his death, by the late Jos.
T. MicKLEY', of that city, at a sale in Feb., 1851, which took

29-H. C.



442 Wisconsin State Historical Society.

place on a wet night when there were but few or no com-
petitors; and after much improving, and comj^lotion prior to
ISfJU, it was finally dispersed at auction, after i\fr. jMickley's
death, in Nov., 1878 — many of the specimens l>ringinggood
prices for that day — Gwinnett, L. S., ^110; Lynch signa-
ture, $95; Hall, A. L. S., 8'JO; Hewes, A. L. S., -$-]?', 5U; Hooper,
A. L. S., 6^^.^; iMiddleton, L. S., i^VJ; Penn, A. L. S., .s-.';'.r;0;

F. L. Lee, A. L. S., $21; Hey ward, D. S , $15.

Lewis J. Cist, of Cincinnati, who was horn in Pennsylvania
in 1818, was an early collector, commencing in 18;j5, but did not
complete his set of the Signers until ISaO, when he received
a Lynch signature from Mv. Telf t. His collection seems to
have been the fifth completed set — Sprague, 1 tallies, "relit
and Gilmor preceding him in this honor, ^tr. Cist, ipiite a
poet and litterateur, spent his life mainly in the employ of
banks and insurance companies. His death at Cincinnati,
March ;{1, 1885, caused the dispersion, separately, of his large
collection of autograplis at auction.

The collections of Henrv C. Bairo, of Philadelphia, com-
menced in ISf'i, and described in the Bizarre magazine,
April, 185;j, included a goodly portion of the Signers, which
have been dispersed. Dr. C. (I. Pai;.\b:v, of Richmond, Va.,
made a fine collection of the Signers, containing many val-
uable historical letters, and lacking only Lynch and di win-
nett; but desparing of securing these, ho sold his autographs
separately to other collectors. Col. Bkantz Mayer, of
Baltimore, a literary min of much repute, made a collection
of the Signers, which lacked Taylor, Lynch, IMiddleton,
Gwinnett, and Hall; he dying in February, 187!i, his auto-
graphs were dispersed at auction in November following.
The late Hon. Henry S. Randall, of Courtland, N. Y., also
made a collection of the Signers, which needed only ( J svin-
nett of completion, which since his death, August 11, J 870,
passed, with his other autograph groups, which he had
been some thirty years gathering, into the hands of Mr.
C. De F. Burns, and have been dispersed. Other collections —
notably those of B. B. Thatcher, of Boston, Charles H.
Morse, of Newburyport, Mass., Alfred B. Taylor, John

G. Howard, and Edward Herrick, of Pennsylvania, John



Autographs of hie Signers. 413

R. Tiio-MPSON, of Richmond, Va., and Joseph B. Boyd, of
^^raysvillo, Ky., have been disposed of, and served to
strengthen other sets of autographs.

The autographs of extreme rarity, of some of the Sign-
ers, are steadily but surely enhancing in value. The Lynch
signature, which, in IS 15, had no pecuniary value, brought
$05 in 1878; subsequently $1 ia; $150 in 1881, and s-Mo at the
recent Cist sale. The Gwinnett, in document form, which
brought Alio in 1878, and the same in 1881, commanded 6185-
at the Cist sale; and at this sale also a Lewis IMorris letter
brought $85, while a Stockton letter netted $50. Mr. Staulfer
has refused $:j00 for his full letter of John Morton, of which
only one other is known to be in existence.

Still other autograph collectors have been in the tield.
Col. rETEii Fouoi<J, of AVasliington, gathered many manu-
scripts and documents, which since his death, have passed
into the library of Congress. In the J>izarre magazine,
Philadelphia, Oct. 29, 185:3, (piite a list of other known auto-
graph collectors of that period, is given: Ja.mi^s T. Fields,
of Boston, chielly of literary characters; J. B. Moreau, of
New York; Capt. Fur^an Seymour, U. S. A., West Point
Dr. Tufa). L. Cuyler, Trenton, N. J.; Dr. L. B. Koeckek,
E. D. Ingraham, Wm. Schott, Jos. H. Hedges, and Dr. S. A.
Allibone, all of Philadelphia — the latter since of the Astor
Library, New York; James C. McGuirk, Washington, in-
cluding many papers of Uen. Knox, of the Revolution, and
President I^fadison; Henry T. Gates, Charleston, S. C;
Oscar F. Keeler, Columbus, Miss., and AVm. L. Mackenzie,
Toronto. It is not probable that any of these collections em-
braced any considerable number of the Signers, nor have
we any definite information whether any of these auio-
graph garnerings, save those of Colonel Force, are still pre-
served intact, or have been dispersed. Such manuscrii)t
collections as those of Jared Sparks, Geoiuje Banchoft,
Peter Force, Francis Parkman, and the writer of this es-
say, as well as those of the Historical Societies of our coun-
try, do not properly come within the scope of this paper, as
they were gathered, not for any autographic display and



44-i: Wisconsin State PIistoricai. Society.

embellishment, but for the sole object of subserving the
purposes of bistoi'}'.

Sets ok SiiiNEKS of the Constitution.

Besides the tlnrty-niao Sij-^tiers of th'j (:!,)nstitution, there
were twenty-six others chos'.ni, somo of whom faib-'.;! t<j at-
tend the Convention, and others of tiiwm who ilid attend,



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