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Please give my respects to Mr. Lawe and Mr. Jacobs.
^\ ishmg you health, J remain, dear Franks,

Yours truly,

R. DICKSON.

P. S.— Mr. Wilmot is still here. We have learned that
-'»■• -"^IcGill is inclined to make an honorable capitulation



4

98 Wisconsin State Histokical Society. ;•

i

with us. At all events, you may depend on me for coming \
to a settlement some way or other, as it is im})ossible to go |
on any longer without it. R. D. J

MR. JACOB FHAXKS,
I^a Baye.

Per Wee-nu-sate, with ^cood news.



MiCHiLi.MACKiNAC, September S, 1812.

Dear Sir — Ten days ag-o we learned by Mr. Liyingston
that Detroit had surrendered to Gen. Brock on the IGtli of
last month. Gen. Hull, after all his vaunts, was obliged to
deliver up his sword and two thousand seven hundred of
their troops to Gen. Brock. They have all left Detroit.
Gen. Procter, of the l^\irty-First Reg't commands there; and
Gen. Brock has departed in order to attack Niagara.

M. Ducharme arrived eight days ago from Montreal by
express. British troops daily arrive at Quebec, and are at
once dispatclied to the line. Thus far no fighting. The
Americans are collected, and all ready, but they do not at
all wish to fight. - i

M. Berthelot and La Croix have come from Detroit. "•' "^
* * * Pivc cnnoes on tho way from Felix.

My opinion is that peace will come very soon, and I liope
that all things will be well.

The Indians [couriers?] are in a hurry to start; but I will
write you more fully by the first opportunity.

Wishing health to you as well as to your family, I am,
my dear sir.

Your humble servant,

R. DICKSON.

Lieut. Louis Gkignon, La ]>aye.



WiNNKiiAoo Lake, November 14,1813.
Dear Sir.— This will be handed to you by ]\tr. Chandonnet,
wliom I send to La Baye in oi"der to expedite the boats,
which have been left in the small lake below this. No ex-
pense mu.st be si»areil. as without a sui)ply of provisions the



Lawe and Grtgnon Papers, 1704-1821. 90

^,'arrison at Mackinac will be out by the month of February.
I tiiink that we shall still have fine weather towards the end
of the moon. I have very little provision, but trust to a
kind Providence, I think that Jean Yieux will be the most
proper person to get down the boats. Keep a good look-out,
as some of the Michigan Fencibles are great thieves, and
have threatened to kill animals at La Baye. If they do so,
put them in irons immediately. Give Mr. Chandoniiet a
^u\de to return, when the boats are got off at Mackinac. I
am, dear sir.

Yours truly,

K, DICKSON,
Lieut. John Lawe, La Ba^'e.

Per Lieut. Chaxdonnet.



MiciiiLiMACKEXAC, December — , 1813.

Dear Sir: — We ha,ve intelligence of Gen. Proctoi-'s] defeat.
It appears that our army retreated to the river Thames
after Amherstburg and Detroit were evacuated. Tecumseh,
witli his ])arty — some Ottawas, Chippewas, Delawares,
JSauks, Folic Avoinos, and some Ilurons followed. That as
f^oon as the Americans reached Detroit, a number of Cana-
<liai)sand Indians joined the army, and pursued our people
to the river Thames, where an engagement took place one
»nile below the Moravian Yillage, which lasted for two
hours, when our army was compelled to make a precipitate
retreat towards Queenston, leaving all their baggage be-
Itind. Our loss is said to be two subaltern ofiicers and one
buFidred privates killed, two interpreters, and twenty-two In-
'lians. Capt. Muir and one hundred privates of the Forty-
^irst regiment prisoners: also one hundred and fifty Dela-
ware women and children which the enem} took. I am
^'•rry to say, that Antoine Brisbois, and Lewis Campau, in-
^^Tpreters, and Tecumseh, are among the number slain.
I be latter fought bravely to the last, sword in hand; the
*>ieniy skinned him after he was slain. Gen. Proctor and
^He remains of the armv are at St, David's. These two Folles



]00 Wisconsin State Historical Society,

Avoines wei-e in the engaft-eineiit, and will be able to give
you a circumstantial account of the affair. Sir James Yeo
has taken one of the enemy's large vessels on Lake Ontario,
and sunk another.

Provisions of every kind are scarce and dear here, corn
selling at six dollars per bushel. We expected that some of
the boats tliat took out Indian presents would have returned
long ere this with beef and flour from your place. AVe have
not more than five montlis provisions in store, I am told.
All have long faces, but when reduced to half rations they
Avill be much longer. Yours most truly,

Jxo. ASKIX, JlL

Mk. Louis Gkignox, Green Bay.
Endorsed: '•' Heceived January 4, 181-i."



MiCHiLi.MACKiNAC, 2Sth January, 181 k
Sir: — Your favor of the 10th inst. I have to acknowledge,
and am happy to find you returned fi-om the Prairie du
Chien without encountering tlie cold blasts of January on
your route.

I note what you say respecting Gen. Cass. I iiave to ob-
serve that had the enemy come to attack the place last Au-
tumn, and effected a landing, tliey could not have remained,
unless they had brought an abundant supply of provisions.
Starvation stares us in tlic face. The old residents, who
were well supplied with horned cattle, and versed in the art
of fishing, may do well enough, and all those married peo-
ple, attached to the garrison, who draw extra rations for
their wives and children; but as one ration only is allowed
me to feed my family, consisfing of six persons, 1 find it
very liard, especially as no j'rovisions, except fish, can be
purchased. The lower class of people subsist solely on the
fish tliey daily get from their nets; and when the ice goes
away, they must leave the country, or starve.

By an arrival from Saguina, I am informed by the Sa-
guina Indians, that a band of their nation went to Detroit
and made peace with Gen. Cass or Harrison.



Lawe and GniGxoN Papeks, 1794-1821,



10]



The Ottawa chiefs, Onc-gue-gand and Xay-o-ke-maw, of
thenver Au Sable, accomi)anied by their followers, went
last Fall to Detroit, and joined Gen. Harrison, as they were
avowe<l Yankees, and did not take an active part with their
brethren. Xothing- less could be expected from them

Mr. Michel Cadot left this on the 18th inst., with dis-
patches for York [Toronto], and will not be back before tlie
1st of next montl). When he arrives, we may hear of some-
tlimo- having been done near the lines, of Lower Canada
tliat being tlie quarter that was threatened by the enemy

I observe what you say respecting the different Indian
tMi)es, and am of your opinioii as far as regards the Winne-
bagoes, who will be staunch to the last.

Be pleased to inquire of the Menomonees, who had Gen
Cass-s permit, what is become of the enemy's fleet, whether
laid up at Detroit, Amherstburg, Presqu' Isle, or the river
liouge, and let me know by the first opportunity what ho
says on the subject. Also what did the enemy do with the
O-bay-nah-ga women and cliildren, taken at Es-kay-nay Se-
!<: and what became of Capt. Muir and his party, and all
tlie rest of the prisoners of war.^
Mrs. Askin joins me in best wishes, and am, dear sir.

Your most obd"t serv't,

T • , ^ J^o. Ask IX, Jk.

Jweut. Louis Grigxon,

Indian Dei)artment, La Bay.



WiNXKiJAGo LAia-:, Februarv 10, 18J-(.
,. ''"'■ ^'''- I '-^'Ceived yours last night, and have for some
^"ue past been aware of the intelligence you communicate,
'^'^'t It was one of the reasons that prevented me goim- to
-^iy^yo. Ducharme was rather late with his information.
''!{J>ough I can hardly think that the Pottawatomies will be

'K,.femug, doubtless, to the Dehnvu.e women and clnldreTci^.ti^l'
_. t"e Americans, n.eutioaed in Mr. Askin's preceding letter. 0-bav-T..ih-
l^-' s^nnns to have been t!,. Ottawa nan.e for tlie Delasvures, and Ks-kav-
'•1} -So-iie for the river Tlmme.s. L C. D.'



102 Wiscoxsix State Historical Societv.

so rash as to attempt aro'tliing against us; still, I am com-
pletely on my guard, and will take the further necessary
precautions to prevent a surprise. I would not stir a peg
from this if I was sure we should be attacked to-morrow. If
they come here with hostile intentions they may get a drub-
bing they are little awaie of.

I enclose you the letter I send Chandonnet for your per-
usal. You will please get Collish and Jean Vieux, two
brothers-in law, to go to Milwaukee with the letter; and they
will proceed to where Le Sallien is and bring him here.
They must inform the Indians that I want Le Sallien to tell
him the news to carry back to them at some time. You
will instruct the Indians to listen to all that is going on
where they pass, and bring me a faithful report. These two
Indians are related to La Farine andanother chief, and they
are the most fit to be entrusted with the commission. They
must also request a Folic Avoine Indian named O-pa-hoh
to come with them, as Thomas' wants much to see him here:
and I request that you send as many sleighs as will bring
up the wheat, as with provisions I can assemble a force, if
found requisite. If you cannot find beef when you journey
have resource to ^Mascar's oxen, which 1 wish to reserve
until Spring.

I\Ir. Brisbois will tell you all that is going on here. I have
one reason for not sending the r/c/;e//'(^ at present — it is of
no great consequeiice; but you will be satisfied with it when
I see you.

With best wishes, I remain, dear sir.

Yours truly,

R. DiCKSox.

Endeavor to get the Indians for ^Milwaukee to set out as
soon as you can.

Lieut. J<;iix Lawe, La Bayc.



WixxEi5A(;o Lake, Feb. il, ISM.
Dear Sir. — ^\\\ Grignon's man going to La l^aye, by him
I send this. I have to acquaint you with six Indian?.



' Tho/iiJis Carron, or Toiiiah, the Menomonce cliief.



Lawe and Gricnox Papers, 1:94-1821. iq-

mostly Pottawatomies, Jiaviiig arrived here yesterday I
immediately on their arrival suspected them to be spies from
tiie enemy, or the advanced party of a greater number I
asked them what tliey were; and told them in a stern man-
ner if they were Pottawatomies, they should walk ofl im-
mediately. On this they presented two letters from Mr
Chandonnet, informing me of all the traders on the south
side of the Lake [Michigan] having been taken by the
.Vmericans, and carried to Detroit. The six Indians did not
deny this, but wished and seemed anxious to have us think
that there were no Indians employed in this business.

They say John Bapt. Chandonnet, and Burnet, were the
loaders; and that there were only six Frenchmen in all who
took the traders. I suspect the truth to be that a strong
pany of Pottavvatomies were employed in this business- and
liiat the other Indians were either unable, or perhaps unwill-
ing, to prevent them. Chandonnet is alarmed, and with
much reason. I now enclose you a letter for him to come
to La Baye with the powder and ball remaining The
holies Avoines are mostly assembled here, and will not hes-
itate to give battle should a party appear. The moment we
f'nd that these six men are scouts for a partv, their accounts
^vdl be settled. After the traders having been carried ofr
^^0 must act with severity. Be on your guard at La Baye
^'Sa.nst the Milwaukee Indians. There are a great many
^c'oundrels among them, and I have heard something lately
^'•at gives mo strong susi.icions against them.

I shall detain the six Indians until after to-morrow. If
''^' party appears during that time, I shall send them off
J-J^'thed, on account of their doing mischief to Chandonnet.
i ^'annot learn what is become of Le Sallien. Chandonnet
"a^ not seen him since he came from La Bave.

I shall inform the Pottawatomies, that in^ho first place I

Ji^ve no goods for them, and forbid them coming here- and

;j they persist, I shall treat them as enemies. So much for

-^^^'se villains. Inform ^Ir. Grignon and the gentlemen of

-i luayo of v/hat has passed. I trust no time will be lost in

H-nding up the wheat, as I am of opinion that the weather



104 Wi^^coNsix State HisTorJCAL Society. c.|

will soon be soft. The roads are now fine and we must not j

lose the opportunity. . ]

James Burnet must be an infernal villain after havin- |

been commissioned as a Lieutenant, and taken the oath of |

allegiance and fidelitv. I hope that one day he mny be re- j

O - j

warded by a halter. ,^j

With best wishes for your health, ''I

I am, dear sir, - «

Yours truly, ^j

E. DiCKSOX. i

P. S. I hope that the enclosure will be in time to go by ^

■the Indians you were to send. If they are gone, send after

them with the letter.

Lieut John Lawe, La I3aye.



Winnebago Lake, February IG, ISU. j

Dear Sir. — I received vours with the express from Mack- j

inac this morning. There is nothing new, except that tw^' j

hundred Americans had gone up the river Trenche, and had 3

been cut olf by our troops. This is only Indian report; bui i

I believe it, as it was so likely they would attempt a thin:.: |

of this kind. They are not so badly olf for provisions a: j

Mackinac as we supposed, having flour enough to last until |

June. a

Depend on it, we shall have good news by :Montreal ex- |
press. Dr. Mitchell ' did not expect it before the yothof thi^

' Dr. David Mitcliell wus a native of Edinburgh, Scotland, where he w:i^
■educated, and entered tlie liritisli army as a surgeon. He married Mi>~
Elizabeth Bertraud, at I\IoutrcaI, in July, 177G. He seems to have beei;
continuously connected with the army, and when the Britisli capture'!
Mackinaw in 1812, he became a resident there with ids family; and, as we
see by Col. Dickson's letter, he had been assigned to tlie Indian service
in ISKMl, on Lake ^Viuucb;igo; and was, no doubt, at that period the only
physician between .Mackinaw and the :\Tississippi. After tlie peace of ISI'-
he retired with tlie Btiti^li troops to Drumraond's Island, leaving Mi"^
Mitchell at the homestead in Mackinaw, carrying on quite an extensiv
business in the fur trade. She was a great lover of lloricuUure, and bene



Laave and Grkixox Pateiis, 1791-1821. lOo

itiMntli. Lieut. Grigiioii will tell you what news is here; aud

■ 11 Thomas' return, I will try to i)ay you a visit for a day. as

I intend sending two Indians to Mackinac. I send you bv

Mr. Lanchevicr [I.ongevin?] a few strouds, and one pair two-

jioint blankets, havinf;;- no more unbaled, and being hurried.

1 thank you for the beef, and for the muskalonge, which is

-tij)erb. I send to La Prairie in a day or two, and remain,

>ir, Yours truly,

K. Dickson,
Lt. John I^awe, La Bay.



WiNNEiJAGO Lake, Feb. 27, ISll.
iTentlci)ie)i:—As it is very probable that we shall soon be
attacked by the Pottawatomies. I send to-morrow to secure
the ammunition at Beauprez's house. Thomas begs of you to
inform all the Lidians near La Baye, that they hold them-
-vlves ready to march, as he and the others of his nation, in
the event of hostilities, are determined to follow the Potta-
watomies to their lodges, and they hope to be able to destroy
tiio whole party. I am getting fhoes made that all may be
ready. All volunteers from the white inhabitants will be
willingly accepted, and compensation will be made them for
tlu'ir services.
I have the hojior to be, gentlemen,

Your very h'nible servant,

R. DICKSOX,
Agt. aud Sup't. ^^c'stern Xations.
LiEUTs. Lawe ct Gkignon,

La Baye.

^■'t' Indians gave hor a name which in their language signified Queen of
tl'C Flutnrs.

As the army retireil from Drummond"s Island to Penetanguishiue, Can-
•''•'!•«. lie accompanied them, aud died at that place of cholera, in 1832, aged
;«tx Hit eighty-five. lie liad quite a library, was well read, a man of iron
^'11. and so hating tlie Yankee race tliat he would not remain on their soil
^^lieii Mackinaw was surrendertd to the Americans on the peace of 1815.
Hv K'ft ;i fumily of twelve children — the late Wm. Jlitchell, of f.'reen
•''y. wjjo died tluee years since, was the youngest and last. i\Irs. Mary C.
^'lU-hrll, the widow of Wm. Mitchell, has furnished tlie data for this note
B H. C. L. C. 1 ).



lOG Wisconsin State Historical Society.



Winnebago Lake^ Feb. 2S, ISU.

IJear Sir: — I Avas glad to see Jeau Vieux, and to find that
our people at Milwaukee Avere all safe, Thej are in that
place quite ignorant of all that is passing elsewhere. It is
true, a number of the reports may be false; but you may
rest assured that the Pottawatomies do not meditate any-
thing good to us, else they would never have given hostages
to the Americans for their good behaviour, nor would they
so industriously have concealed this circumstance from the
other Indians. The general tenor of the reports circulated
are with the view of detaching the Indians from our inter-
est. I am as much as ever on my guard against them, and
my firm determination is to shew all the Indians that wc
arc not to be trifled with. The Pottawatomies b}' what I
have held out to them, will probably be prevented from go-
ing the lengths they otherwise might have gone. La Batte
is a very proper person to carr}^ the express. Tell them to
use air possible expedition. I send you some sugar, but have
not a pound of grease. Lieut. (Jrigncn can perhaps furnish
a little. I can only get one pair snow-shoes. Jean Yieuxis
in a hurry. Please inform Lieut. Grignon of the contents
of this letter, I expect ]\[essrs, Acyaster and BoiDieture to-
day. I thank you for the tol»acco. Nothing more at present.

Yours truly,

11. Dickson,

Lieut. Lawk, La Baye,
Per Jean Yieux.



^Iichilimackinac, March 3, 1814.

Dear Sir. — On the 2Uh ult., Hubert Livingston arrived

from York, and brought us the agreeable information and

official accounts of the enemy having abandoned Fort

■George on the l-.'tli of December, and Fort Niagara was

carried by storm on tlie 10th same month by the One Hun-

• dreth Keg't, part of the Forty-First and Fighth royal?-

under the connnand of Col. ]\Iurray. The enemy had sixty-

ifive killed, fifteen wounded and three hundred and fifty



I



Lawe and GRKiXOX Papkiis, 17;i4-1S21. lOT

made prisoners. During Col. ^NFurray's operations at Fort
Niagara, Gen. lliall, with some troops and about eight hun-
dred Indians crossed over to Lewiston, but the yell of the In-
dians on hearing of tlie success against Niagara, frightened
away all of the force that was at Lewiston,so that Gen-
l\iall found no resistance.

As soon as preparations could be made, Gen. Drummond
attacked the enemy at Black Kock with five hundred men
and some Indians. The enemy'siorcc was sixteen hundred,
who gave our people a warm reception for fifteen minutes
and then gave way, leaving one hundred prisoners in our
j)ossession. The Indians pursued the stragglers in the
woods, and killed about two hundred and lifty. Our people
jtursued to the village of Buffalo^ where they found great
quantities of merchandise and public stores of every descrip-
tion; and soldiers and Indians brought away as much goods as
they could carry. As the enemy had burned every house in
the town of Niagara, Gen. Drummond ordered that every
building in Buffalo, and from there to Niagara should be
burned, which was done. There were four line, large, armed
schooners at Buffalo, which shared the' fate of the town.
The public stores taken in Niagara will amount to
1-100,000.

Gen. Wilkijison, with an army of four thousand six hun-
dred men, was descending the l^ong SauU, to form a junc-
tion with Gen. Hampton on the 11th of November last, for
the purpose of invading Dower Canada: but C-ol. iNIorrison,
with a part of the Forty-Ninth Reg't and the Eighty-Ninth
I^eg't and a division of gun-boats, attacked him, killed one
hundred, took a hundred prisoners, and put one thousand
more/io/vs clu combat. Our loss was trifling. The party that
defeated Wilkinson was from Kingston, so that our Cana-
dians of Montreal, who were prepared to give the Yankees
a good dressing, were quite disappointed to find that the
Inisiness had been [accomplished] by their friends. The in-
vading aimy is gone into Winter quarters at Plattsburg,
etc.

An expedition was in agitation when Livingston'left York,



r/ ,, '/



108 Wisconsin State Histokkial Society.

fertile reduction of Detroit. The accounts of the decisive
defeat of P.onaparte, on the IGth, ISth and 10th, October last.
has come to hand: he lost in these three engagements eighty-
■^wo thousand men, and one hundred and eighty pieces of
cannon. Two large ships of thirty-five and fiftj'-six guns
are in great forwardness at Kingston, which will give Sir
T. L. Yeo tlie superiority of Lake Ontario.

The bearers, A gou-ah-beme and comrade, are sent express
for Mr. Dickson's letters, and both are required to return to
this place. I intend to send two more Indians to your quar-
ter as soon as the York courier returns, who is expected in
three or four days, with Michel Cadot, who left this the ISth
January last. I send a few newspapers, which you will
please forward to Robert Dickson, Esq.

Wishing you health and happiness, I am, dear sir.

Your most obedient servant,

Jno. Askix, Jr.

Lieut. Louis Grignon, La Baye.



Remarks on the Bad Lvtentions of the Pottawato.mies,
March '2, 1814:

1. My having been advertised by different Indians of
their bad dispositions.

2. Their having said if Tlioma.s' and his relations were
the only Indians with me, tliat they would cut us off.

3. Their manner of arriving here with a few women
and no children as usual.

4. Coming to council completely armed.

5. The Grand Puant when called to council was not to
be found, and on two young men having been sent to. look
for him, the}' returned without giving themselves any
trouble.

G. Watcho giving us no information respecting the
Main I'oque's parole, which he had lately received from
Detroit.



^ Tliomas Carron, or Old Tomah



I J.l



Lawe and Gkignox Papehs, 179^-1821. ]09

7. Watcho and tlie Grand T'uant being painted in the
manner as when going to strike their enemies.

S. The discourse of the Grand Puant to Watcho, while
I was in council with the Renards or Foxes, and which was
overheard.

0. Their requesting to dance at the house, which I re-
fused; we have since been informed that at this time they
were to strike.

10. Their never mentioning that the Pottawatomie
chiefs had gone to St. Louis, of which tliey were not
ignorant.

11. Their having promised to go to war last Fall, and put-
ting it off under different pretexts from time to time.

1'-?, The Grand Puant having asked the Indians on the
event of my death, who was to get the goods.

13. The Grand Puant havmg said to several Indians that
he would quarrel with me.

1-1. The very ungracious inanner in which they received
the presents, not returning thanks. *

15. Their not giving me the hand on leaving this.

17. The Grand Puant and Watclio surprised while whis-
pering to each other at night.

IS. The woman's report, at La Baye, of their intentioii of
Icilling me if they were refused presents.

!■'. The discourse held by Petite's son,

20. Their having held council to kill Beaubien, and to
take his goods.

21. The number of idle reports in circulation, but all with
an intention to injure our cause.

2>. Having demanded of the Grand Puant on his arrival
^vhether any of the Indians with him had been here before,
'•e denied that any had been here, and we afterwards dis-
covered five or six who had already received presents.

'-J. The Grand Puant, previous to his leaving his village,
'»ad sent tobacco to tlie young men at ]\rihvalkio inviting
'hem to come here with him. On their saying that the^'
''•^id already been here, he said let them come — it was to
*^iuice.

21. The arrival of the six Pottawatomies as spies, and



' This referit to Tieturneau — tlie I in Eloiirneau havin£^, doubtless, bcin
intended for a (, tlie cro-sin^; of which was neglected, lie was an Ottawa,
whose wife was a l'otta\vuti>niie, and he was chosen a chief in tliis latter
tribe. He resided soniewliere south-west of Chicago. Ills name was
Sig-ge-nauk, or Blackbird; but better known an)ong tlic early settler.'! of
Illinois as Lctunuau. L. C. D.



110 WiscoN.srx State Histokical Socip^ty.

their not delivering Mr. Cliandonnet's letters until threa:-
eiied.

25. Their forcibly seizing our traders and carrying them
to Detj-oit.

26. Their denying Mat-tat-tass having gone to see tlie
Main Poque at Detroit.

27. Their having made peace wiih the Americans, and
agreeing to take up the hatchet against all Indians attached
to the English, and their giving hostages in consequence.

2S. The Elourneau ' informed me that four of their chiefs,



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