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111., for valuable suggestions in relation to some of the preceding instruments. The
Form of contract between teachers and directors is taken, by permission, without ma-
terial change, from the admirable series of school blanks, etc., published by Messrs.
Adams, Blackmer and Lyon. All the gentlemen named will please accept the author's
sincere acknowledgments.]



INDEX



TO



DISCUSSION OF AMENDMENTS, AND OFFICIAL AND JUDI-
CIAL DECISIONS.



PAGE.
ADJOtrKSTMENT OF ELECTIONS 206

Appoetionment : of funds by connty super-
intendent 112

basis of, by county superintendent 112

basis of, by township trustees 127

day of 132

grounds of claim to 127

how and when to be made 137

of proceeds of school property 162

on census 214

Bond: of county superiatendent Ill

of township treasurer 141

form of 141

county superiatendent to examine 49, 112

must be executed before funds are paid 50, 141
to be filed with county superintendent... 112
validity of, to be ascertained 51

Books and blanks — how provided 215

Calendar of school elections and duties 223

Cebtifioates, teachers', not to be granted

by letter 88

old, of no avaU 88

only two grades of 88

third grade of, abolished 89

fees for, abolished 99

state, how gTanted 95

revocation of 113

Children under age 172

Cities and incorporated towns 215

Claims in favor of the school fund 215

Colored children and the public schools 201

Commissions : of county superintendent. . . 106

how computed 119

and pay of township treasurer 108

of county treasurer 213

on delinquent taxes 221

on railroad taxes 221

Compensation : of superiatendent 116

of treasurer 150

Controversies 114

Corporate liability of directors 172

Costs of suit 212

CoTTNTY Teeasiteeii : commissions of. 213

not entitled to commissions 109

CoTJNTT AND Township Fund 105

permanent principal of. 105, 219

allinterest, etc., to be distributed 105

CoTTNTT Stjpeeintendent: action under

section twenty-one .. 125

appeals from decision of 218

apportionment of funds by 112

not to apportion till bond is filed 50

basis of apportionment by 112

bond of Ill

books, blanks, etc., to be provided by. ... 215
commissions of 106



PAGE.
COTTNTy StrPEKINTENDENT :

commissions of— how computed 119

commissions on sale of school land 115

compensation of 106, 116

county authorities may increase 108

controversies to be heard by 59, 114

day's service of 107

deputies of 117

educational duties of. 54

election of 45

extension of oiiicial term 45

benefits of increased tenure 46

entitled to full amount of auditor's war-
rant 121

examination of teachers by.. 85, 97, 112

modes of examination 89

must hold four annually 97

and more if necessary 98

to consult public convenience in 97

private examinations by 98

notices of examinations 99

examination of treasm-er'sbond by 4P, 51, 112

failure to record proceedings of sale 116

fees for certificates 99, 113

fines, forfeitures, etc., to be paid to 109,117,123

justices and clerks to report to 110, 125

liable for loss of funds 121

liability upon retiring from oflce 217

maybe teacher 126

may procure and furnish ofiice 100, 126

name of, why changed 45

not to grant certificates by letter 88

not to grant certificates to Immoral per-
sons 94

may appoint examiners 85

may examine in higher branches 96

not to charge for certificates 99, 113

office of— how provided 100, 126

omission to take mortgage by 116

per diem of 107

per diem account — how collected 120

penalty for failure to render report 53

reports of— annual 52, 114

reports of justices and clerks to 110, 125

revocation of teachers' certificates 113

residence of 212

sale of school lands by 115

security for school moneys loaned 122

should not serve as treasurer 123

successor to commissioner 45

supervision by 55

teachers' certificates granted SB, 113

to hold public examinations 97

to determine controversies and forward

appeals &9, 114

to examine and correct school laud re-
cords 124

to hold over, in certain cases 124



II



INDEX.



PAGE.

County Sitpeeintendent :

to loan cotmty fund — rate of interest 50

to negotiate loans in certain cases 123

to order elections 62, 124

duty in respect to elections 63

to visit schools 5T, 83, 114

manner of visitation by 5S

vfliat fines are to be paid to 117

when a purchaser of school land borrows

his bid 119

whole amount of fines to be paid to 123

Debts due school fund— priority of. 214

Debts of districts 183

Deeds to be made to trustees 1S6

Delinquent district taxes 213

Deputies , 117

DiEECTOKS : and people 169

acts are not invalidated— M'hen 173

are limited to amount voted 185

as witnesses 179

cannot be employed as teachers 175

cannot be sued by teachers — when 174

cannot borrow money to pay teachers 175

cannot delegate control 171

cannot loan district funds 17^

certificate of to union district 74

of union districts to draw lots 75

old boards dissolved 74

certificates of taxation to be filed by.. ..78, 166
must be filed by time fixed by law. .... 78

claims must be made— when 162

continuance of schools by 177

contracts binding on successors 175

dismissal of teachers by 175

election of 77

who may order election of. 77

forcible ejection of a pupil by 188

have control of school houses 187

have control of special district taxes 173

insm-ance of school houses by 187

judgments against— how paid 174

may acquke and hold real estate 179

may be elected trustee 184

may borrow five per cent, of property. ... 79

may tax three per cent 79

may borrow and tax same year 81

may consolidate districts 163

may lease school houses 168

may prescribe to which school pupils

shall go 186

may resign 169

may return incomplete schedule — when. 186

may use house in another district 189

not personally liable for corporate acts... 172
number of schools to be established by 177

orders in favor of. 186

orders on treasurer — how dravrai 173

powers conferred by section 43 189

residence of 212

to adopt and enforce rules, etc 83, 176

to build school houses 166

to demand semi-annual statement 168

to designate treasurer to receive taxes... . 188

to detennine questions of residence 168

to direct what branches may be taught 84, 176

to draw lots 75

to file schedules with treasurer 174

to grant permits of transfer 162

to levy tax for incidental expenses 170

to levy tax for six months school 188

to levy tax to pay balances due teachers. 167

to levy taxes uniformly 180

to locate school site— when 84, 167

to apply for sale of school property 166

to receipt for schedules 101, 167

to reject children under age 172

to return list ot tax-payers 79

to provide books and blanks 215



PAGE.
DiEECTOEB :

to provide suitable school houses 82

to provide enough school houses 82

two a quorum for business 171

two may act isi

use of district tax funds by 178

use of schedules 179

use of school houses by 178

when house is too small 216

when mandamus will lie against 191

DisTEioTs : books, etc., by whom pur-
chased 140, 215

change of boundaries of 131

claims barred in three months 70

created by special acts 182

debts of 183

delinquent taxes of 213

divided by township lines 184

division of funds and property of 69, 129

elections in 206

elections in new 208

forfeiture of schedule by 214

formation of. 131

funds to be withheld 158

funds to be held by treasurer 143

funds loaned by treasurer 171

grounds of claim to apportionment by. . . 127

how to report in certain cases 160

name and style of 218

new— how formed 69

arbitration in case of 70

may waive claim 71

number of schools in 82, 177

overpayment of 158

special taxes of 135, 173

surplus funds of. 128

taxes to be uniform 180

to own school site 181

union— how formed 73, 163

dkectors ot, to draw lots 75

may be formed at any time 75

unorganized- pupils of. 217

use of tax funds of 178

when divided, pending collection of tax. . 183

Elections: adjournment of 206

ballots should specify 209

blank ballots — how counted 209

calendar of 22B

day of, for trustees, unchanged 208

duty of CO. superintendent in respect to... 63

eligibility of voters 207

evidence of 208

failure to call, or issue notices for 77, 205

failure to hold 62, 205

first— how held 207

for school sites— how often 210

for trustees — when held 208

for trustee— how ordered 62

held on wrong days, or informally 205

in districts, for other purposes 206

in new districts 208

in townships divided by county lines 124

judges of 206

loss of poll book of 210

manner of contesting 207

notices tor 205

of directors— not to holdover. 210

province of county superintendent ia 210

qualification of voters 210

registry law of 204

rejection of votes by judges of 209

Eligibility of voters and officers 207

Entitled to interest 197

Examination of treasurer's bond 112

Examination of Tkaohbrb 85,97, 112

as to moral character 94

consequences of neglect of 86



INDEX.



Ill



PAGE.

Examination ov Tbaohbes :

discrimination necessary 87

flsecl rules for not practicable 93

lor first grade— how conducted 90

for second grade 92

four to be held annually 97

illustrative examples 91, 92

much time required 87

modes of 86

not limited to four 98

private, not forbidden 98

private, not recommended 98

public convenience to be consulted in .... 97

pwblic — notices of. 99

record of 94

responsibility of 85

to be conscientiously conducted 94

Exclusion from school in certain cases 199

Expulsion of pupils 193

Failure to organize in ten days 139

Failure to record proceedings 116

Failure to turn over fimds to successors . . . 154

Fees for certificates 113

Fines and Fobpeittiees :

to whom paid 109,117, 123

to be collected by State's attorney 109

to be reported under oath 110

penalty for default 110

Forcible ejection of a pupil 188

Foreign languages in the public schools. . . 221

Forfeiture of schedule 214

Formation and alteration of districts. 65, 181, 163

Form of bond 143

FoEMS OF Scnooi. Inbtetiments 224

account of county superintendent 228

certiticate in appeals 22S

certificate of township map 231

certiflcate of union district 234

directors' bond 231

district election notice 232

election returns 230

mortgage to county superintendent 226

mortgage to trustees 228

note to county superintendent. 225

noie to township treasurer 231

order on township treasurer 232

permit of transfer 232

poU book 230

receipt for schedule 233

receipt to county superintendent. 225

receipt to township treasurer 229

renewal of teacher's certificate 226

report of clerks and magistrates 227

revocation of certificate 226

semi-annual exhibit to directors 229

semi-annual statement to trustees 231

tally list 230

tax certificate of directors 232

teacher's contract 233

township election notice 230

township treasurer's bond 229

Funds of townships lying partly in two

counties — 128

Garnishee 151

Grounds of claim to school funds 127

Holidays 198

How to report districts 160

Illegal schedules 157

Incidental exjienses 170

Incomplete schedules 186

Incorporated towms and cities 215

Insurance of school houses. 187

Inteeest : computation of 159

on balances due teachers 149,167, 197

Irregularities of form do not vitiate 172



PAGE.

Judges of School Elections 206

rejection of votes by 209

Judgments against directors— how paid 174

Liability for loss' of funds 121

Liability of retiring school ofiicers 217

Loaning district funds l7o

Mandamus 208

Monday— election to be held on 191

MoETGAGE— how Cancelled 156

does not lose priority 214

Name and style of districts. 218

No distinction to be made in funds 147

No petition necessary 136

Not school ofiicers 194

Number of schools in a district 177

Official papers cannot be returned 219

Omission to take mortgage 116

Orders in favor of directors— when allow-
able 186

Ord ers on township treasurer 173

Other districts— admission to 200

Overpayment of a district 158

Payment of township treasurers ... 134, 150

Per diem account— how collected 120

Permits of transfer 151, 192

Personal property— where taxable 220

Powers conferred by section forty-three 189

Principal of township fund. 219

Priority of debts due school fund 214

Peivate Schools 161

in public school houses 187

Punishment — corporal 197

Pupils: admission to other districts 202

children under age . . 81, 172

colored children as 202

discrimination in favor of soldiers as 201

exclusion from school in certain cases... . 199

from unorganized districts 217

minimum age increased to six years 80

importance of the change 81

overage 201

permits of transfer of 192

residence of 198

right of choice in studies 200

suspension or expulsion of 193

under six, not to be admitted 81

who are eligible as 198

Purchaser of school land as treasurer 155

Questions of residence • 168

Quorum for business 171

Registry law 204

Kejection of votes 209

Removal from office 162

Renewal of notes 155

Report of districts 160

Reports 114, 125

Residence: of school officers 212

of pupils 1S8

Revocation of certificates 113, 192

Right of choice in studies 200

Rules and regulations 193

Sale: of school lands 115

of school property 166

of school section in full township 215

SoHEDin.Es: 132) 191

forfeiture of 214

illegal •• lol

separate 162, 163

to be filed and preserved 154

use of 1'9

when left incomplete 186



IT



INDEX.



PAGE.

School HoirsES: buildiug of ]C6

insarance of 187

lease or reut of 168

use of '. 178

School month and day 196

School officers and road taxes 223

School Peopeety : when exempt from tax 220

title to 134

sale of 166

School Site: district to own 181

directors to choose— when 167

location of 167

Schools: continuance of. 177

duration of 82

English, only, contemplated T)y law 95

German language may he taught in 96

German schools not allowed 96

higher branches may be taught in 96

law encourages extension of 82

number in a district 177

private 161

visitation of 114

School taxes collected from persons of color 216

Section forty-five— last line 18S

Security for school moneys loaned 122

Soldiers— discrimination in favor of 201

Special acts 182

Special district taxes 135, 173

Subscription papers 219

Substitutes 197

Suits against dieectoes 192

costs of 212

Surplus district funds.: 128

Taxation— certificate of. 166

Taxes to be uniform 189

Tax for six months school, 183

Teacheks: amenable to directors 195

amount due — mode of determining 73

certificates of 113, 194

corporal punishment by 197

dismissal of 192

entitled to interest iOl, 149, 167, 197

fees for certificates 113

garnishee of money due on schedules of. 151

holidays 198

not school officers 194

permits of transfer to be exhibited to 192

protected by contracts 196

revocation of certificates of 192

rules and regulations 193

schedules of 191

school month and day 196

should make written contracts 194

should reject ctiildren under age 192

substitutes for 197

suits against directors 192

to keep separate schedules 163

to take receipt for schedule 102

Title to school property 134

Township fund 105

Township map— change of 152

Township reports 152

TowNiuip Tebasiteee : bond of 141

action on bond of— how and where bro't 218

form of bond 142

bond must be executed— when 142

but one bond required 212

books etc. to be provided by 215

cannot borrow township funds 144

commissions of 108, 157

computation of interest by 159

is legal custodian of all district funds 143

liable for loss of funds 146

liability of upon reth'ing from office 217

may loan funds to school directors 104, 144

mode of determining amount due teacher 73

no distinction to be made in funds by 147

not authorized to invest in bonds andstocksl04



Township Teeabtteee :

overpayment of a district by 155

pay for clerical services of 150

permits of transfer to be filed vdth '. 72

purchaser of school land may be ap-
pointed f_ J55

removal from office of '.'."".'..' i62

return and payment of teachers' schedule's 7"

schools to be reported by— how 161

tax certificate to be returned to 78

to call for funds " 218

to cancel mortgages—how 156

to change map .'. xq-2

to deliver certificates to county clerk...'.'.! 153

to demand and keep funds 143

to distribute interest 147

to file and preserve schedules 1.54

to file permits of transfer 151

to institute suit 149

to inspect records '." 154

to keep funds at interest 143

to loan funds 103 143

to loan funds received from school lands'. 147

to make semi-annual statement 105

to make township reports 152

to order elections ...'. 153

to pay interest on balances due teachers.. 149

to pay on order of directors 106, 148

to pay separate schedules 152

to reject fraudulent schedules 151

to report districts in certain cases— how.. 160

to require notes to be renewed 155

to settle with directors 150

to turn over funds upon removal 154

to withhold funds 15s

Township Tktjstees : appraisal of school

property by 69, 138

apportionment of funds by 137

apportionment on census by 214

apportionment when funds are not in

hand 214

basis of apportionment 127

basis of distribution unchanged 71

cannot borrow township funds 129

cannot loan distributable funds 140

cannot release security on treasurer's

bond 136

cannot withdi-aw funds from treasurer.... 136

changes in section thirty-niue 70

concurrence only, required 68

county superintendent to order election of 62

day of apportionment by 132

deeds should be made to 186

division of district fimds and property

by 129, 162

duty of supt. in respect to election of 63

failure to order election of. 62

failure to organize in ten days 139

formation of districts by 131

may form large districts 66

to exercise discretion prudently 66

advantages of large districts 67

have no control over district taxes 71, 135

liabilities of 141

may remove treasurer 141

may sell land without petition, in certain

cases 136

may teach in township 138

not to distribute funds — when 69

one to be chosen annually 60

payment of treasurers as clerks by 134

penalty for failure to render report 76

powers of, compared with directors 75

president of board to serve one year 63

prompt distribution to be made 70

residence of 212

resignation of 135

term of office of 60

title to school property vests in 134



INDEX.



PAGE.

TowmsHip Tkttstees :

to apportion on schedules 132

to cliange map 68

to divide school funds and property— when 162

to draw lots— how 61

to pay over funds 135

to provide books for treasurer 65

to purchase books, etc., for districts 140

to recofimize union districts 74

to re-sell forfeited school lands 133

to sell and convey school property 134

to sell lands by public auction 135

to take census of children 135

to vrithhokl funds— when 127

two constitute a quorum 141

when but two are present at first meeting. 61

when township lies in two counties 128

when two townships are concerned 68

whole townships as districts 67

who should be chosen for president and
clerk 64

Transfer of pupils 162



PAGE.

Two du-ectors may act 181

Two members a quorum I4i

Untos DiSTEicTS : how formed 73, 163

appraisal of property of 69

distribution of property 6!»

directors to draw lots 75

maybe formed at any time 75

Unorganized districts — pupils of 217

Use of district tax funds < 178

Use of house in another district 189

Use of schedules 179

Use ol school houses 178

What fines, etc., go to the school fund 117

When a purchaser of land borrows his bid.. 119

Whena writ of mandamus will lie 191

When there are two or more school houses 186

Who may sell and convey 134

Withholding funds 158

Written contracts 194, 196



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Online Librarystatutes Illinois. LawsSchool laws of Illinois → online text (page 26 of 26)