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or five at most : so contagious that one caught it
from another not only by conversing with him but
from just setting eyes on him: men died without
attendants, and were buried without priests, and
each day so many that there were not enough to
bury them, and they had to make great pits in the
graveyards, and throw them in pell-mell, some dead,
some still in agony : the father deserted his child,
the child his father, the wife her husband, the hus-
band his wife, as I have said before : all charity was
dead, all hope gone. This cursed pestilence was
almost universal, and spared scarce one in four. It
* This extract from Guy de Chauliac was added in 1575.



304 Ambroise Pare



brought great disgrace and small profit to the phy-
sicians and surgeons, for they dared not visit the
sick for fear of infection : and if they had, yet all
their remedies profited nothing: for this plague
never struck without killing. In some parts of the
country, men thought the Jews had poisoned every-
thing, and ran them down and made an end of
them : others said the Beggars had done it, and
drove them out of the land : others suspected the
Seigneurs, who therefore dared not be seen in the
streets. And at last the gates of the towns were
guarded, and no man was admitted save those who
were well known. And if any one kept powders or
ointments about him, they took these to be poisons,
and made him swallow them. This plague lasted
for seven months without interruption. There you
have old Guidon's account of it: surely a most
wonderful story of the wrath of God.




INDEX.



Abbeville, 91

Albret, Jeanne d', 1 54

Alva, 64, 147

Amboise, peace of, 146

America, 72

Amiens, 95, 153

Angers, 13

Annebaut, M. d', 36, 121

Antwerp, 126

Anville, M. d', 59

" Apostles," the Emperor's, 72

Arabians, the, 2

Aristotle, 279

Armada, the, 5, 224

Arnoullet, Olive, 164

Ascot, M. le Due d', 105, 156

Astrologers, the, 235

Athanase, 293

Aufimon, gi

Aumalle, M. le Due d', 47, 133

Auret, M. le Marquis d', 106, 156

Avignon, 148



B



Barber-Surgeons, the, 23, 170
Barricades, the, 223
Basel, 4

Bassompierre, M. de, 105, 156
Baston, Maitre, 302
Bauge, M. de, 59, 88
Bayard, 5
Bayonne, lOi, 147



Beggars, the, 215, 262, 304
Benzo of Milan, 72
Biarritz, 149
Biron, M. de, 59
Bisseaux, Mme. de, 255
Bois-Dauphin, M. de, 93
Boisy, M. de, 49
Bonnivet, 59
Bons-hommes, 246
Bouchet, M. de, 86
Bouillon, M. de, 74, 80
Boulogne, 45

Bourdillon, M. de, 59, 140
Bourgeuil, 104
Bourlon, Jacques, 171
Bourg-Hersent, 11
Brandebourg, 59
Brantome, I'Abbe, 189, 197
Bressure, Mile, de, 90
Brissac, M. de, 125, 138
Brittany, 37, 122
Brussels, 116
Bussy, Amboise de, 185



Calais, 5, 139
Calvin, 9

Canappe, M. de, 47
Carloix, 182
Carouge, 59
Castellan, 102, 151
Cateau-Cambresis, peace of, 141
Celsus, 230

Cemetery of the Holy Innocents,
71



305



3o6



Ind



ex



Cenis, Mont, 120

Cerisoles, battle of, 123

Chalons, 125

Champigny, 263

Chapelain, 102, 151, 182, 211

Chapelle aux Ursins, M. dela, 59

Charles the Bold, 22

Charles IX., his friendship for

Ambroise Pare, 185-189; his

death, 196
Charron, Mme. la Marquise de,

Chartel, Captain, 47

Chartres, 153

Chateau d'Auret, 106

Chateau Beaumont, 115

Chateau le Comte, 53

Chateau Gaillard, 99

Chateau de la Motte au Bois, 88

Chateau de Pene, 2S1

Chauliac, Guy de, 2. 15, 303

Cheval, Maitre, 263

Clement VII., 187

Clement. Jacques, 199

Cleret, Etienne, 161

Cointeret, Maitre, 100, 147

CoLiGNY, at Boulogne, 126 ; at
Dreux, 145 ; wounded at Mont-
contour, 154; death, 188

Colot, Laurence, 13

Comperat of Carcasonne, 12

CoNDfi, 134, 145 ; his going to
mass, 254 ; his death, 154

Confraternity of S. Cosmo, 166-

175

Constable, THE(Anne de Mont-
morency), 121 ; at Danvilliers,
49 ; at Metz, 55 ; death, 146

Cornaton, 188

Crespy, peace of, 141

Culan, M. le Baron de, 80

D

Daigne, apothecary, 56
Danvilliers, 49, 129
D'Arcques, 216
Dativo, pedagogue, 38
De la Fontaine, Guy, 210



De la Rue, Pierre, 176, 255

De la Valletta, 216

De Paradis, Louis, 212

D'Espernon, 216, 221

Des Ursins, M. Christophe, 208

Devils, Pare's belief in, 238

Diane de Poitiers, 129, 159

Dinant, 137

Doublet, the empiric, 262

Dourlan, 95, 140

Drouet, Luys, 162

Dubois, Maitre, 103, 155

Dubois (Sylvius), 18, 158

Dupont, M., 74, 80

Duprat, Antoine, 161

Dupuys, Jacques, 205

E

Elizabeth, 141, 143, 220
Empedocles, 281
Emperor, the, 122, 128
Enghien, M. le Due d', 55, 139
English, the, 5, 37, loi
Erasmus, 9

Estampes, M. le Due d', 90
Estampes, Mme. la Duchesse d',

37, [21, 249
Estoile, Pierre de 1', 7, 215, etc.
Estres, M. d', 59, 91
Eu, M. le Comte d', loo, 147



Faculty, the, 169, 200-208
Falcon, Jehan, 16
Farges, de, 150
Ferrier, Dr., 199
Flesselles, Dr., 24, 263
Flodden Field, 5
Fontaine, M. de, 102
Fontainebleau, 128, 148
Franciscans, the, 132
Frangois I., 21, 30
Franc^ois II., marriage with
Mar}' Stuart, 141 ; death, 183



Galen, 88, 283
Gaultier, Claude, 165



Index



307



Germany, 46

Gilbert, Maitre, 97

Godlee, Mr., Preface

Goguier, M. de, 55, gi, 134

Gouast, Captain, 95

Gourmelen, Etienne, 25, 201

Grangier, M. , 213

Gueau, 178

Guillenieau, Jacques, 204

Guise, Charles de, Cardinal de
Lorraine, 184

Guise, FRANgois, Due de, 126 ;
at Boulogne, 46 ; at Danvilliers,
49 ; at Metz, 55 ; death, 146

Guise, Henri, Due de, 224

Guise, Louis de. Cardinal de Lor-
raine, 224

Guitel, 224, 256

Guyard, 213

H

Haultin, Maitre, 194

Havre, lOi

Hedelin, Claude, 195

Henri II., marriage with Cath-
erine de Medicis, 118 ; at Lan-
drecies, 44 ; at Danvilliers, 49 ;
at Aufimon, 91 ; at Bourges,
96; death, 181

Henri III., 152 ; with Pare,
198; later years. 218-225;
death, 226

Henri IV., at La Rochelle, 194 ;
marriage with Marguerite de
Valois, 154; Ivry, 225; siege
of Paris, 226

Hery, Theodoric d', 24, 243

Hesdin, 74-91, 136

Hippocrates, 79, 239, 277, 287

Hollier, Dr., 263

Horace, M. le Due, 59, 78, 136

Hotel Dieu, 18, 36

Hubert, Maitre, 100, 147, 246

Hungary, Queen of, go, 137

Hunter, John, 258



" Indians," the, 72
Ivry, battle of, 7, 226



J

Jarnac, battle of, 154
Jerusalem, 69, 120, 218
Joyeuse, 222

K

King's Evil, the, 240
Knox, 9



La F^re, 92, 140

Landrecies, 44, 124

Landreneau, 44, 124

Landry, Saint, 18

La Trousse, M. de, 86

Laval, II

Lavernot, Nicole, 42, 125

L'Ecolier, 171

Le Dain, Ollivier, 168

Lefevre, 99, 146

Le Grand, Dr,, 36, igg

Le Paulmier, Julien, 167

Le Paulmier, Dr., Preface, 24,

118, 201
Le Rat, Captain, 31
Le Roy, Jehan, 168
Levoix, 216
Ligature, the, 241
Lincester, 225
Longjumeau, peace of, 153
Lopez the Spaniard, 72
Lorraine, M. le Cardinal de, g2,

140
Louis, Maitre, 51
Louis, Saint, 21, 167
Louis XII., 5
Loyola, Ignatius, g
Lude, M. le Comte de, sg
Luther, 4
Luzarches, 172
Lyon, 252, 2gg
Lyon, the Archbishop of, 8, 227

M

Magnane, M. de, 58
Maison de la Vache, 176
Maison des Trois Maures, 178



;o8



Index



Malazieu, Andre, 201

Malgaigne, Preface, i, 14, etc.

Malines, 116

Mansfeld, M. le Comte de, 104,
156

Marguerite de Valois, 154

Marienbourg, 137

Marolles, 37, 124

Marseilles, 119

Martial, M,, Preface

Martigues, M. de, 78-86, 135

Martin, Gaspard, 12

Mary of England, 137-139

Mary Queen of Scots, 141, 219

Maurevel, 188

Mazelin, Antoine, 176

Mazelin, Jehan, 161

Mazelin, Jehanne, marriage
with Ambroise, 160 ; death, 191

Mazelin, Madelaine, 161

Mazille, Dr., 197, 257

Mercier, pedagogue, 223, 255

Merlin, 188

Metz, 55, 129

Meudon, 178

Mezieres, Dr. de la, 144

Moncontour, battle of, 103, 154

Mons, 114

Montejan, Colonel, 30, 36, 121

Montgomery, Gabriel de, 181

Montluc, 138

Montmorency, Anne de (see Con-
stable)

Montmorency, Fran9ois de, 104,
136

Montmorency, Henri de, 145

Montmorency, Mme. de, 92, 103

Montpellier, 15, 150

Montpensier, M. le Due de, 135

N

Nemours, M. le Due de, 194,
207

Nestor, Maitre, 246
Nevers, M. le Due de, 237
Nice, 122
Nicot, Jelian, 249
Nurse, the King's, 146, 197, 233,
257



O

Orbry, M. Christofle, 253
Orleans, 146, 152



Padua, 279

Palissy, Bernard, 9

Paracelsus, 3

Pare, Ambroise, boyhood, 11-
14; apprenticeship, 14-17; at
the Hotel Dieu, 18-21 ; made
barber-surgeon, 23 ; with the
army, 21-117 ; marriage with
Jehanne Mazelin, 160 ; made
surgeon, 172 ; property in
Paris, 175 ; the St. Bartholo-
mew's Massacre, 188 ; mar-
riage with Jacqueline Rousse-
let, 192 ; warfare with the
Faculty, 200-205 > works, 229-
247 ; children and grandchil-
dren, 164, 192 ; meeting with
the Archbishop of Lyon, g,
227 ; death, 9, 228

Pare, Ambroise (A. P.'s son),
194

Pare, Anne (A. P.'s daughter),
194

Pare, Bertrand (A. P.'s nephew),
12, 165

Pare, Catherine (A. P.'s sister),
II

Pare, Catherine (A. P.'s daugh-
ter, Mme. Rousselet), 164, 192

Pare, Catherine (A. P.'s daugh-
ter, Mme. Hedelin), 195

Pare, Jehan, of Vitry (A. P.'s
brother), 11, 262

Pare, Jehan, of Paris (A. P.'s
brother), 12

Pare, Jehanne (A. P.'s niece,
Mme. Viart), 12, 165, 194

Pare, Marie (A. P.'s daughter),

195
Paris, 17, 157, 218, 227, etc.
Parliament, the, 201
Pater, Mr., Preface, 153
Paul IV., 138



Index



309



Perier, Francois, 178

Perpignan, 41, 124

Philip of Spain, 137, 143

Piccart, Nicolas, 261

Pienne, M. de, 59

Pigray, Maitre, 22, 100, 147

Pirates, the, 122

Pitard, Jehan, 167

Pius v., 154

Plague, the, 265

Plessis-les-Tours, 103, 155

Poltrot, Jehan, 146

Portail, Antoine, 96, 103, 140

Pr^-aux-Clercs, 160, 219



Queen-Mother, The, marriage
with Henri II., 118 ; at Rouen,
98, 144; at Dreux, 146; at
Bayonne, 102 ; at Montcon-
tour, 103 ; with Pare, 184 ;
death, 225

Quelus, death of, 216

R

Rabelais, 176

Randan, M. de, 59

Raphael, 5

Recrod, Captain, 47

Renaudie, Sieur de la, 142

Renty, 137

Rheims, 55, 133, 156

Ringrave, Captain, 47, 105

Riviere, Etienne de la, 162, 242

Rochefoucaut, M. de, 59

Rohan, M. le Vicomte de, 37,

134
Roche-sur-Yon, M. le Prince de

la, 55, 98, 134
Rostaing de Binosc, 133
Rouen, 97, 143
Rousselet, Francois, 193
Rousselet, Jacqueline, 192
Roze, M, de, 80



St. Andre-des-Arcs, 160, 196,

251-256
St. Andre, M. de, 47, 56, 134
St. Arnoul, Abbey of, 71
St. Aubin, Captain, 95
St. Denis, battle of, ro2, 151
St. Germain, peace of, 154
St. Jehan en Dauphine, M. de,

59
St. Michel Archange, Place, 159
St. Quentin, battle of, 92, 138
St. Yrieux, battle of, 154
Sarlabous, Captain, lOI
Sedan, 49
Servetus, 9
Sforza of Milan, 119
Siret, Maitre, 103
Spaniards, the, 43, 62, 78, etc.
Spurs, battle of the, 6
Suleiman, 6, 118
Suze, pass of, 31, 120
Sylvius, 18, 158

T

Theodose, 293
Therouenne, 74, 88, 135
Thionville, 72, 130
Toul, 47, 129
Tournahan, 54
Turin, 30, 119

V

Vaucelles, treaty of, 138
Vaudeville, M. de, 86
Verdun, 56, 132
Vesalius, 9, 18, 182
Vialot, Maitre, 14
Vielleville, M. de, 50, 135
Vigo, John de, 33
Villars, M. de, 74, 80
Villeneuve, Fran9ois de, 163

W

William of Orange, 141
Wrestlers, the, 38



FRENCH HISTORY.



JEANNE D'ARC, THE MAID OF FRANCE.

By Mrs. M. O. W. Oliphant. No. 17 in the Heroes of the Nations Series.

Fully illustrated. Large 12° $1 5°

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HENRY OF NAVARRE,

And the Huguenots in France. By P. F. WiLLERT, M.A., Fellow of Exe-
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still more excellent discrimination in the dramatic representation of the central character."
— Boston Transcript.

LOUIS XIV.,

And the Zenith of the French Monarchy. By Arthur Hassall, M.A.,
Student of Christ Church College, Oxford. No. 14 in the Heroes of
the Nations Series. Fully illustrated. Large 12° . . . $l 50

" The author of this volume has well and impartially performed his task. His style is
elegant, and at the same time graphic and full of force. His book is a valuable contribu-
tion to the student of history, and it will be welcomed and valued as it deserves." — A''. Y.
Christian Work.

NAPOLEON,

Warrior and Ruler, and the Military Supremacy of Revolutionary France.

By W. O'Connor Morris. No. 8 in the Heroes of the Nations Series.

Fully illustrated. Large 12° . . . , . . . $1 50

" The book is certainly the best modern account of Napoleon in the English language"
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BERTRAND DU GUESCLIN,

Constable of France, His Life and Times. By Enoch Vine Stoddard,

M.D. Illustrated. 8° $1 75

" From the opening page to the last the story never flags. It is so intensely real and
alive, it is so full of crash and conflict, that the reader sits Tike the spectator of some great
historic drama."— A'^ Y. Mail and Express.

AMBROISE PARE,

And His Times, 1510-1590. By Stephen Paget, M.A. Illustrated. 8'.
Mr. Paget tells the story of the life of the great French surgeon of the sixteenth cen-
tury. Ambroise Park's life was so full of good works, adventure, and romance, that it
ought to be known and honored in other countries besides France.



G. P. PUTNAM'S SONS, New York and London.



FRENCH HISTORY.



OLD COURT LIFE IN FRANCE.

By Frances Elliot. Illustrated with portraits and with views of the

old chateaux. 2 vols., 8°, $4.00. Half-calf extra, gilt tops . $8 00

"Mrs. Elliot's is a 1 anecdotal history of the French Court from Francis I. to Louis
XIV. She has convej ed a vivid idea of the personalities touched upon, and her book
contains a great deal o genuine vitality." — Detroit Free Press.

WOMAN IN FRANCE DURING THE
EIGHTEENTH CENTURY.

By Julia Kavan agh, author of " Madeline," etc. Illustrated with

portraits on ste< 1. 2 vols., 8°, $4.00. Half-calf extra, gilt tops, $8 00

"Miss Kavanaghhis studied her material so carefully, and has digested it so well,
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FRANCE UNDER MAZARIN.

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Richelieu. Portraits of Mazarin, Richelieu, Louis XIII., Anne of

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A FRENCH AMBASSADOR AT THE COURT OF
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From his unpublished correspondence. Edited by J. J. Jusserand,

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his freedom of j'ccess to the archives of the French Foreign Office. . . . We get a new
and vivid pictue of his (Cominges') life at the Court of Charles II. . . . There is
not a dull page in the book." — London Times.

UNDERCURRENTS OF THE SECOND
EMPIRE.

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licized in his i itellectual atmosphere and style of thought . . . his style is flowing and
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Churchman.



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Online LibraryStephen PagetAmbroise Paré and his times, 1510-1590 → online text (page 18 of 18)