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ever built in Meigs county.

Ebenezer Tuttle Grant married Sarah Jones, daughter of
Philip Jones, of Middleport. They moved to Minnesota.

Lydia Grant was married to Phineas Robinson of Chester,
died many years ago, leaving two children, a son William
Fenn Robinson, and the daughter Elizabeth was married to
George Grow, grandson of Judge Grow.

John Grant married Mary Roup, both died many years ago.


Pioneer History of Meigs County 109

Eliza Grant was the wife of William Wright, of Kentucky.

Cyrus Grant married Charlotte Hebard, of Athens county.
He was known as Col. Grant, for many years identified with
the business interests of Pomeroy. Samuel Grant, Sr., and all
of his family are dead.

Mr. William Hobart came from Spencer, Tioga county,
N. Y., in 1818, to Leading creek. Mrs. Hobart, nee Hugg,
I with two children, were with him. They had five children
born in Meigs county. The older children were Isaac Hobart
and Phebe, married to Mr. Hanlin, of Middleport, O. Esther
Hobart became the wife of William Grant and reared a family
of marked intellectual force. California, a daughter, was for
years a noted teacher in the Cincinnati Conservatory of Music,
and passed away in 1906, deeply mourned. Electa Grant spent
some years teaching in the "New Church" Academy in Phila-
delphia. Julia was the wife of James Boggess, a prominent
citizen of Meigs, and has been County Treasurer. William
Grant, Jr., was a farmer in Great Bend, Kansas, a successful
man. Lucy Grant, the youngest child, is a teacher of kinder-
garten schools.

There were two children of Samuel Grant and wife born
after they came to Ohio, viz. : William Grant, who married
Esther Hobart, and lived in Middleport. He and brother,
I John Grant, were enterprising and successful millers for many
years in Middleport. They operated the roller process for
making flour, about the first of any mill in Meigs county. Mr.
William Grant was one of a company who went overland to
California in 1849.

Samuel Grant, Jr., was an invalid, and died unmarried.

Belinda, the daughter, died when quite young.

Mr. Samuel Grant, Sr., operated mills in different parts of
Meigs county. At the Higley Mills on Leading Creek soon
after his arrival ; later, he took charge of the Stedman mill on
Shade river, and built, or rebuilt, the mill at Chester. He

110 Pioneer History of Meigs County

bought land and settled on his farm below Middleport, and
spent the remainder of his life in the vicinity of Pomeroy and
Middleport, alternately with his sons. He died in 1866 at the
great age of 93 years. His wife, Mrs. Grant, lived a few years
after her husband, dying "well up in the nineties," of age.

John Grant, brother of Samuel Grant, was born on April
11th, 1789, in the State of Maine. He married Mahetible
Mahew, and they had two children when arriving at Silver
run, Meigs county.

Thompson Grant married Cynthia McNaughton.

Franklin Grant, when a small boy, was drowned in Leading

Andrew, another child, was choked to death by a grain of j
corn falling into his throat or windpipe.

Mary Grant was married to Elias Hutton, and moved to
Delphos, Kansas.

John, Jr., married Lucinda Lellan, residing in Ottumwa,

Sarah, first ; Simpson, second ; Steward Grant, living at
Greeley, Iowa.

Lydia Grant, unmarried, living with her father at Greeley,

Henry C. married Clarissa Merrill, located at fronton, Ohio.

In 1852, John Grant, Sr., moved to Greeley, Iowa, being up-
wards of ninety-three years old. Mrs. John Grant died in
1864. While John Grant, Sr., lived in Rutland, O., he en-
joyed the respect and confidence of all classes of the people.
He was Justice of the Peace in 1826, and Township Treasurer
for many years.

He died at his daughter's, Mrs. Hutton, of Delphos, Kansas,
December 16th, 1889, aged 100 years, 8 months and 5 days.

This long-lived family, as the records indicate, were of
Scotch descent, and known as far back as Peter Grant, who,
it is supposed emigrated in colonial days and settled in Maine.

Pioneer History of Meigs County 111

John Knight and his wife Agnes, nee Grant, came from
Maine in the "Grant Company" in 1817. Their children were,
viz. : Daniel, who died at the age of 18 years.

Benjamin Knight married Dolly Newell, settled in Chester,
Meigs county. Calvin Knight married Jane Barton, first wife
died. He then married Euretta Stowe. Sarah B. Knight was
married to Samuel Torrence. Samuel Knight married Eliza-
beth Mitchell, a preacher of the Christian denomination, and
moved to Kansas.

Louisa, the wife of Francis Chase, lived in Rutland. Both
are dead.

Lydia Knight was married to John Whiteside, of Long

Agnes Knight became Mrs. Alvin Rife, of Chester, long
since dead.

Rhoda Knight was never married, but cared for both of her
parents in their old age and to their death with filial devotion.
She died in 1906.

Eunice Knight was Mrs. Osborn ; moved to Davenport,
Iowa, and died.

Olive Knight, unmarried, dead many years.

Almira, wife of Oscar Newell, of Chester, left a widow, but
since dead.

Mr. John Knight moved his family six times, always in
Meigs county. He opened the first coal bank on Naylor's run,
Pomeroy, O. He died in Chester in 1875, in his 93d year.
Mrs. Knight preceding him a year, and died aged 87 years.
Pioneer sketch, by G. W. Chase, December 1st, 1882.

At the meeting of the Meigs County Pioneer Association in
August, 1882, a very interesting paper was presented by Mr.
Silas Jones of personal recollection of incidents related by
John Warth, Esq., of events and experiences of himself and
his brother, George Warth, in the early days of Indian
troubles, while his father's family were living in the stockade,
land where his brother, Robert Warth, was shot, killed and

113 Pioneer History of Meigs County

scalped by Indians. This paper by Mr. Silas Jones is repro-
duced in this history. The fact that the Warth brothers
carried the first United States mail between Marietta '
and Gallipolis, brought out the letter of Col. David Barber, of
Harmar, who was present at the reading by the secretary,
Mr. George McQuigg. Before the reading of the letter, Mrs.
E. L. Bicknell placed an "In Memoriam" in the secretary's
hands which he read as preparatory to the correspondence
with Col. Barber.

"I come today to speak of the dead, of funerals without
hearse, and burials in graves hollowed out by kindly neigh-
bors, and mourned sincerely by loving hearts. The pioneers
who died were laid in plots of ground not held by any special
tenure, often private burial places convenient of access to the j
families bereaved. In the subsequent changes of ownership
of land ; in the wide scattering of relatives ; these places have
been neglected, and graves of our ancestors have too often
been lost. Allow me to call attention to a "burying ground,"
I use the Quaker term, as most befitting, situated on the farm
of my late father, N. Bicknell, and the portion now owned by
me. It is in all respects a pioneer graveyard. There have
been no interments in it for forty years. Here are the graves
of Mrs. Abigail Lindley, who drove the first carriage froin
Athens to Great Bend ; Mr. Haviland Chase, from Otsego,
N. Y., whose tombstone is marked with the compass and
square ; Mr. Isaac Laveaux Roberts, also with compass and
square. He was grandfather of the well-known Capt. William
Roberts, steamboatman, of Letart, O. Mr. Smith and wife,
and Mrs. Smith, second, wife of John Smith, mother of Mr.
Thomas Smith, and great grandmother of Prof. Thomas S.
Carr, of Syracuse, O. Mr. Duncan, a Scotchman, and his
wife, who came from Scotland, with the famous Nahum Ward
colony. Mrs. McDaniel, of the same Scotch company, Mr.
George Warth, wife and daughter. Two children of Charles
and Lydia McClain, nee Roush, little ones — "Mary Jane and;

Pioneer History of Meigs County 113

Isabel." Mr. Artemas Johnson and his li1;tle daughter Mar-
garet, and others.

Mrs. Lindley was a sister of President Lindley, first Presi-
dent of the Ohio University at Athens, O. I well remember
his visit to his sister's grave, stopping over night at my father's
house. Mr. George Warth was the real pioneer. His grave
is known, but has never been marked by a stone. In regard
to him I wrote to Col. David Barber, of Harmar, and received
an interesting letter, which shall be read presently.

Before this letter is read, I beg to state my object in pre-
senting these names before you. It is my wish to secure the
ground where these dead are lying by a deed, in some form
claiming the oversight and guardianship of the membership
of the Meigs County Pioneer Society. It contains nearly
one-fourth of an acre, on the bank of the Ohio river, a south-
east corner lot, that might be made, with small expense, a
place fair to look upon. I ask for this old pioneer, this Indian
scout, George Warth, a stone for his grave. What more ? The
ground is grown up with brush and briars, and without a
fence. In order to deed the land a survey will be necessary,
and some expense will be incurred to clear it out, and enclose
it with a fence. Two men are lying there with the compass
and square on their headstones.

These beautiful lines,

"My flesh shall slumber in the ground,
Till the last trumpet's joyful sound.
Then burst death's chain in sweet surprise.
And in my Savior's image rise,"

are the Christian watchwords on the tombstone of Mrs. Lind-
ley. Shall the plow of any future proprietor lengthen furrows
over these graves? Will you help secure God's acre from un-
hallowed uses?

114 Pioneer History of Meigs County

Col. Barber's letter was then read, he being present, :

"Harmar, April 27th, 1881.
Mrs. E. L. Bicknell:

Your favor of the 18th inst. was duly received. In reply-
thereto I copy from Hildreth's Pioneer History. He gives the
names of families in and near Fort Harmar in the time of the
Indian hostilities. Among them, George Warth and wife and
two daughters and five sons. Catharine Warth, a daughter
of Mr. George Warth, Sr., was married to Joseph Fletcher, a
young man from New England, and settled in Gallia county.
He was a surveyor of the county, and a Judge of the Court of
Common Pleas. He died in 1844.

Pickett Marvin, a young man from the Eastern States, mar-
ried Polly Warth, a sister of Catharine Fletcher. They settled
in Gallia county, where Mr. Marvin served several years as

The sisters, Ruth and Sally Fleehart, who were married to
George and John Warth, brothers, were noted for their skill
with the rifle. It was said that Sally Fleehart could bring
down a hawk upon the wing, or a squirrel from a tree top as
readily as her husband, John Warth. These women had been
brought up on the frontier and possessed all the intrepidity
and courage of women of that class. This ends the record in
Col. Barber's letter. In regard to Mr. George Warth, he was
one of a party who accompanied Governor Return J. Meigs on
his perilous journey down the Ohio river. He was less fa-
vored by fortune than brother John ; nevertheless, services to
his country should be appreciated. Silas Jones.

At the pioneer meeting of 1883, a committee was appointed
to procure a suitable monument to be placed at the grave of
George Warth.

Pioneer History of Meigs County 115

Rutland, Ohio, August 14th, 1884.
The committee appointed to erect a monument to mark the
resting place of George Warth beg leave to report. The
amount contributed by members at the last meeting:

$8.50. Robert Combs, dime collection, $5.00. Do-
nated outside of the Society, $16.00. Donated by
L. A. Weaver, $8.00. Total $37.50

Paid for monument $35 .00

For hauling and putting it up 2 . 50

Silas Jones,
Chairman of Committee.
Thus are remembered the services of an Indian spy and
scout, who carried the U. S. mail from Marietta to Gallipolis
in a canoe, defended by his unerring rifle, and propelled by a
pole in his strong hands. S. C. L.

This pioneer graveyard was surveyed and deeded to Leb-
anon township by Mrs. Emetine L. Bicknell, and the deed was
recorded in the Recorder's office at the Court House in Pome-
roy, O., in 1883. She also paid to the wife of Uriah Sayre, for
her labor, and her boys, money for the cleaning of brush and
briars of this same pioneer graveyard in the fall of 1882.


In those primitive times the raising of flax and the manu-
facturing of the same was an important business. It could not
be exchanged for or supplied by anything else. The ground
needed for cultivation had to be good, mellow land, free from
weeds, and was sown broadcast. When grown and seed nearly
ripe, it was pulled up by the roots by hand and spread upon
the ground where it grew, and where it remained until dry.
It was then bound in small bundles, and the seed pounded ofif
with flails, after which it was taken to a meadow or pasture,
and spread evenly on the grass to lie until the rain and weather

116 Pioneer History of Meigs County

had weakened the pith or inside of the stem, or rotted it suffi-
ciently to be easily broken when dry. It was then taken up
and bound ready for the brake. The brakeman would take a
handful of flax and place it under the brake, and with his
other hand ply the brake till all the sheaves were mashed fine.
Then the ends of the handfuls were slightly combed by what
was called a hatchel, and the broken stems were thrown away
as useless. Then both ends were thoroughly combed, and the
tow saved for use. The flax that remained after these pro-
cesses was fine, smooth and glossy. The tow was carded on
hand cards into rolls, or bats, and was spun on a "big wheel"
like wool ; but the flax was spread over a distaflf and spun on a
little wheel, and operated by the foot on a treadle. This thread
made the warp, and the tow yarn made the filling when woven
into cloth, which was called "tow and linen cloth," and was
commonly worn by men for trousers in summer. The linen
warp was sometimes colored with copperas, a yellow brown,
and filled with woolen yarn colored with butternut bark, and
was called butternut jeans, and made winter clothing. For a
change, both linen chain and woolen filling were colored with
indigo and made blue jeans for men and boys, coats and

Experiments were made with other material, as of buckskin,
the hide of the deer, when properly tanned was a soft, pliable
leather, made into gloves, mittens and moccasins, very rarely
into the garments for men or boys.

Attempts were made to raise cotton, but in such small quan-
tities, and lacking proper machinery to take the seeds out of
the cotton, the effort was unsuccessful.

At a later period a few families entered into silk culture,
planted white mulberry trees, and had rooms fitted for feeding
the worms, but it was considered an unhealthy business, and
was abandoned.

Perhaps no article of household furnishings was prized more
highly than the long pendulum wall clock. The firm of Reed

Pioneer History of Meigs County IIY

and Watson, of Cleveland, Ohio, made them, and sold to farm-
ers in Rutland, on nine months' time, for twenty dollars per
clock. Abel Larkin, Esq., bought one in December, 1813, and
paid for it in flannel at one dollar a yard the next fall. This
clock of Judge Larkin's, bought in 1813, had been in constant
use, and always keeping correct time, was still running in
December, 1893, after eighty years of service.

Among the few equipments of a log cabin, and a great con-
venience for cooking over the fire, was the crane. It was a bar
of iron fastened in staples in one side of the fireplace, and
movable, hung with hooks of different lengths for the use of
the kettles in cooking. The teakettle, the pot with boiled din-
ner and the beans were easily hung over the log fire, while
with a long shovel coals were drawn out from under the fore-
stick and put on the hearth for the oven to bake the bread.

Many a family have enjoyed a supper of mush and milk,
1 sitting around the family table with bowls for the father and
mother and tin cups and iron spoons for the children. The
best mush was made from the corn, grated on a tin grater, be-
fore the corn was quite hard enough to shell. This was sifted,
and carefully dropped by one hand into the water boiling in the
I kettle over the fire, while the other hand stirred it in; it had
to be stirred all the while the meal was passing from the other
hand to avoid lumps, and the boiling continued during the
process. The salt was put in the water first.

To make bread, mills were necessary, and the pioneers used
hand-mills for crushing corn and wheat. In 1791, a floating
mill was built at Marietta. It required swift water to run this
mill, which was operated in the Ohio river not far from the
island now known as Blannerhasset, and ground wheat for the
inhabitants for many miles distant during the Indian War,
Many canoe loads of grain were brought from Graham's Sta-
tion, Point Pleasant and Gallipolis. After Indian hostilities
had ceased, the mill broke loose from its moorings and floated
down the Ohio river some sixty miles, when the chain cable

118 Pioneer History of Meigs County

got entangled in a rock and retained it. Some French settlers
from Gallipolis bought it, and it was kept at Letart Falls, as
the swift current there could run the mill. The first name we
have been able to obtain as miller at Letart was George Burns,
but it is probable he was preceded by some man whose name
is not recorded.

In 1798, a floating mill was built by Col. Devol, the second
one by Col. Devol and Mr. Greene, which was on the Mus-
kingum river several miles above Marietta, which did all the
grinding for the inhabitants on the Ohio and Muskingum rivers
for fifty miles above and below the mill. This mill is referred
to by Mr. Luther Heacox in his history of Olive township, and
also by Mrs. Dolly Knight in her paper giving a history of

In 1806, a saw and grist mill was built on Leading creek by
Brewster Higley, James E. Phelps and Joel Higley, Jr.
Asa Daine was the millwright. The mill was known after-
wards by the names of different owners, as Higley's mill, Bing-
ham's mill and others. Several miles farther up Leading creek
was the grist mill built by Samuel Dienny in 1803. A saw mill
was added subsequently, and this mill stood about twenty
years. A log mill was built on the middle fork of Shade river
by Levi Stedman about 1808, the first mill in that locality, and
he used hand millstones obtained from Mr. Trueman Heacox
until proper millstones could be provided.

In 1815, Thomas Rairdon built a grist mill at Long Bottom.
Samuel Grant took charge of the Stedman mill at Chester in
1820, and rebuilt it, although Levi Stedman had supplanted
the log mill by a frame one ; still it was a water mill, needing
new machinery.

Sloper's mill on Shade river farther down the stream than
Chester was noted for making flour that would "raise" salt-
rising bread, however dark.

H ^

Pioneer History of Meigs County 119

Cross' mill on Bowman's run was far in advance of other
mills in turning out good flour. This was a water mill, dating

Joseph D. Plummer and his wife Dorothy came from New-
buryport, Massachusetts, to Rutland, Ohio, having spent sev-
eral months at Marietta, in the spring of 1817. He bought of
Eli Stedman the southwest corner of Congress Section No. 8,
where he resided until his death, October 16th, 1852, aged 81
years and 3 months.

Mrs. Dorothy Plummer died December 9th, 1854, aged 79
years 3 months.

Their children were two sons and five daughters. The
eldest son Ebenezer took the lead in business. He was influ-
ential in the building of the Presbyterian Church, the first
church of that denomination in the township of Rutland, in
1820. Mr. Eben Plummer was a singer and led the singing in
that church. After his marriage he took care of his parents for
a few years, when he sold to his brother, Herriman Plummer,
and moved to some Western State.

Herriman Plummer married Lucinda Stout, daughter of
Benjamin Stout, who died, leaving quite a family of children,
after some years. For his second wife, Mr. Plummer married
Miss Rebecca Mauck, of Gallia county, and spent a few of his
last years in that county. Pie was a man of great industry,
and besides farming, he engaged in building boats, and in the
salt business.

Herriman Plummer was born April 6th, 1802, and died May
31st, 1894, at the age of 92 years and 25 days.

Hannah Plummer, the oldest daughter of Joseph and
Dorothy Plummer, was married to Jacob Rice, of Marietta.
They had one son, Henry Rice, who lived on a part of the "old
Plummer farm," and where he died in 1859, aged 36 years.

Melinda Plummer was married to John C. Bestow, of Ches-
ter, had two sons, Joseph and Henry. Mr. Bestow married for

120 Pioneer History of Meigs County

his first wife a daughter of Levi Stedman, who died leaving one
son, Levi S. Bestow.

The second wife died in a few years after marriage.

Harriet Plummer was married to Robert McElhenney, of
Middleport, and died November 18th, 1855.

Sarah Plummer was the wife of Lewis Nye, of Pomeroy,
where he was engaged in the milling business, but after a few
years moved to Illinois, where they both died.

Eliza Plummer, the youngest daughter, never married. She
died November 20th, 1873, aged 26 years.

John McVey died in Salem township, February 1st, 1885,
aged 94 years.

Allen Sayles came to Rutland in 1819, and died there in
1838. Mrs. Sayles died July 18th, 1851.

Mrs. Noah Smith had three daughters. Nancy, married to
Capt. Jesse Hubbell, of Rutland. Jennie became Mrs. Maples,
and Theresa Smith was married to Eliazer Barker, who was
drowned in Leading creek in June, 1813. She afterwards mar-
ried Laundres Grant.

In the fall of 1816 two brothers, Josiah and Robert Simpson,
came from Penobscot, Maine, to Rutland, Ohio. Josiah bought
the northwest corner of Section No. 8, Congress land, and
moved his family into a house on the premises. They had a
large family. Josiah Simpson, Jr., married Theresa Higley,
and had two daughters — Mary, Mrs. Thomas Kirker, and
Adaline, Mrs. Samuel Higley.

Josiah Simpson, Sr., died February 18th, 1837, in his sev-
enty-seventh year, and his wife died in 1840, aged sixty-four

Josiah Simpson, Jr., died April 12th, 1874, and his wife
Theresa died in 1862. He had married a second wife in De-

Pioneer History of Meigs County 131

cember, 1864, a widow, Mrs. Dixon, of Albany, Athens county.
Her first husband was Dr. Joseph Dixon, and they had two
daughters, one of whom died unmarried. The other is Mrs.
John Bradford. Mrs. Simpson died in 1890 (?).

Nathan Simpson was the second son of Josiah Simpson, Sr.,
born May 20th, 1812. He married Miss Liva Nye, daughter
of George Nye, of Athens county, Ohio, who died June Uth,
1845, aged thirty-three years and twenty-two days. Nathan
Simpson and his wife Liva had one son and two daughters.
The son, G. Perry Simpson, became a lawyer and married a
daughter of Mrs. Kennedy, of Salem township, and settled in
Point Pleasant, W. Va., and practiced his profession while he
lived. His daughter, Miss Liva N. Simpson, was proprietor
and editor of the Point Pleasant Gazette some years before
her marriage.

Two daughters of Nathan Simpson were Rosantha, who
died young, and Mandana, who was married to Alvin Bing-
ham, of Rutland. They lived in Middleport several years,
then moved to Missouri, and afterwards they went to Iron-
ville, near Toledo, Ohio, where two of their sons were in busi-
ness. Mrs. Mandana Bingham died there in 1896.

The daughters of Josiah Simpson, Sr., were Eliza, Mrs.
Ransom Harding; Nancy Simpson, became Mrs. Wheatley,
of Indiana; Mary Simpson, Mrs. Simms; Betsy, the second
wife of Ethan Cowdery, lived on Shade river; Ruth, Mrs. Dr.
Abel Phelps, of Pomeroy, Ohio; Lydia, Mrs. Pullens; Susan
Simpson, Mrs. Willis. There was one son, John Simpson,
vvho died in early manhood.

Nathan Simpson married for his second wife Miss Nancy
Hendry. He was an associate judge in Meigs county six
years ; later filled the office of prosecuting attorney with abil-
ity and public approval.

Robert Simpson bought the northeast corner of Congress
Section No. 26 in Rutland township, 160 acres. He sold this
farm in a few years and purchased a fine tract of land near

122 Pioneer History of Meigs County

Harrisonville, in Scipio township, where he and his wife spent
their remaining days. Robert Simpson, Jr., succeeded his j
father in the possession of the homestead. The daughters of <
Robert Simpson, Sr., were : Maria, Mrs. Ehsha Hubbell Bene-

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