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T. H. (Timothy Horton) Ball.

The lake of the red cedars ; or, will it live? Thirty years in Lake online

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The Lake of the Red Cedars ;



OR,



WILL IT LIVE?



THIRTY YEARS IN LAKE.



A RECORD OF THE FIRST THIRTY YEARS OF BAPTIST LABORS
IN THE COUNTY OF LAKE, STATE OF INDIANA.



By Y. N. L.



"Other men labored and ye have entered into their labors."

He who ploughed and who sowed is not missed by the reaper.
He is only remembered by what he has lone."



CROWN POINT, IND.
T. H. BALL, PUBLISHER

1880.



Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1880.

By T. H. BALL,

in the office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington.



KNIGHT Sc LEONARD . I



1245135

CONTENTS.

CHAPTER I.
Lake County and Cedar Lake, 11

CHAPTER II.
Baptist Settlement, 15

CHAPTER III.
The Cedar Lake Church, - - - 26

CHAPTER IV.
Glances into the Cedar Lake Home, - - 47

CHAPTER V.
Church Progress, 62

CHAPTER VI.
The Third Pastor, 77

CHAPTER VII.
The Fourth Pastor, - - - 86

CHAPTER VIII.

The Fifth Pastor — Marriages and Death,

Removals and Dissolution, 99

CHAPTER IX.
The New Centers, 117



4 CONTENTS.

CHAPTER X.

Other Laborers, 137

CHAPTER XL

The Return, - - ... . - 152

CHAPTER XII.
brief memorials.

Hobart Church, 191

Eagle Creek Church, 192

Lewis F. Warriner, 194

Ann Belshaw, 196

Mrs. S. Farwell, 201

Rev. Thomas L. Hunt, 203

Heman Ball, - - 206

Henrietta Ball, 224

Lieutenant Charles Ball, .... 230

Mary Fuller, 254

Lewis Warriner, - - - - - 257

Richard Church, - - - 260

APPENDIX.

The North Street Church, .... 263

The Nineteenth Anniversary, - - - 265

'RlNA VlNNEDGE, 285

Julia B. Summers, 289

Juno Henderson, - 297

Friends and Families, 303



INTRODUCTION.



The author presents this little volume to the
reading public, especially to those into whose
hands it may chance to come of the religious
world, fully aware that it lacks that charm which
fiction possesses to attract and to interest a large
class of readers. He has himself read too much
of the best literary and religious fiction in our
language not to know the fascination and the
power which that species of writing justly claims ;
yet he believes also in the power of truth, and he
thinks there are some, like himself, who will
sometimes read with proper relish unvarnished
truth.

He offers no apology for the biographical cast
of this work, believing that biographical or even
autobiographical writing, when candid, fair, just,
and truthful, may be read with profit.

Neither has he any apology to make for the
small number of families entering, to much ex-
tent, into the narrative, feeling sure that if, in
this respect, the record is truthful, it is all that
the reader can justly require. Indeed, this vol-
ume may be considered as a memorial, to a great
extent, of Judge Hervey Ball, of Cedar Lake,
whose life-work of thirty years it especially com-
memorates ; and also of those connected for a
time with him in efforts to do good, of whom are
here named Hon. Lewis Warriner and Richard
Church.

And the question whether the lessons taught,
in regard to the success of effort, especially in



6 INTRODUCTION.

regard to the success of family religious train-
ing, are of sufficient encouragement, and weight,
and interest to justify this publication, the author
leaves to the judgment of an unprejudiced, intel-
ligent, and fair-minded public.



So far as is at present known by geographers,
the grandest lake region of the world is in North
America. From Erie and Ontario, advancing in
a northwesterly direction across Huron, Michigan,
and Superior ; across the Lake of the Woods,
Winnepeg, and Winnipegosis ; across Deer Lake,
Wollaston, and Athabasca ; across Great Slave
Lake to the Great Bear Lake of the North ; a
chain of lakes is found unequalled elsewhere in
the world. The next approach to such a region
seems to be the cluster of lakes in Africa near the
head waters of the Nile.

The five Great Lakes, Superior, Michigan,
Huron, Erie, and Ontario, are well known as the
largest connected bodies of fresh water upon the
surface of our earth. Around these magnificent
reservoirs of pure and crystal water are many
smaller basins, in British America and the United
States, that may well be called picturesque, or
beautiful, or lovely. Among the uncounted thou-
sands of these lakes and pools, some in their
woodland solitude, some in their sunny, prairie
beauty, a few are known to every general reader.

The Lake of the Red Cedars is small compared
with even the Lake of the Woods, the winding
shores of the latter making a circuit of three
hundred miles. This is only eighteen miles from
the southern bend of Lake Michigan, and its



INTRODUCTION. i

entire circuit is about eight miles. In size it
compares rather with the English than the Amer-
ican lakes. It lies in that broad prairie region
southwest of Lake Michigan, and is itself a mirror
of beauty on the edge of one of the most beauti-
ful prairies east of the Mississippi.

Here center, at least for some time, the events
on these pages to be recorded ; because here lived
that family largely instrumental, at the first, in
connection with two other New England and
Cedar Lake households, in building up the re-
ligious and educational interests, the spread of
which characterizes New Englanders.



Thomas H. Benton, once a United States Sen-
ator, gave to the reading public, especially to the
political world, an account of the thirty years
during which his place was in the senate cham-
ber. Such a narrative of political events and
such^a review of the distinguished actors in those
events might be expected to interest the present
and future statesmen of the land. Thirty years
is quite a space in the life of a nation p so young
as ours. And the events on the arena of m public
life, which aid in making up a nation's history,
are often brilliant, always of interest. And the
Congress of the United States is a place to which
we may reasonably look for great men and worthy
deeds.

But the religious world may well claim events
equalling in interest, excelling in importance,
those in which politicians figure and which their
historians record ; — events which form a part of
the unfolding of the great plan of Providence in



8 INTRODUCTION.

respect to the Messianic kingdom and interests,
subordinate to which kingdom, subsidiary to which
interests, are the events concerning the rise, the
progress, and the fall of nations. The long lines
of recorded history that come down to us from
Assyria and Egypt, from Persia and Palestine ;
through Babylon, Jerusalem, Athens, and Rome ;
given by Herodotus, Xenophon, Thucydides,
Tacitus, by Menes and by the Medes ; filled with
the exploits of the great, brilliant with many
deeds of earthly honors ; all show, when read
aright, preparation for the world's last Monarch;
all point more or less directly to him whom Paul
announced when standing on Mars' Hill as the
man ordained to be earth's last Judge.

As it is considered in the theories of the re-
ligious world, — although denied in practice by
some religious teachers in the great cities, — that
no great difference exists in the value of human
souls ; as it is considered that every spot upon
this earth where human beings dwell, whether
noted or unrenowned, is included in those author-
itative words that were spoken on the Mount of
Olives by that man into whose hands the power
of the -universe was committed, Go ye into all the
world and preach the Gospel to every creature ;
and as the field is one, the vineyard one, the
laborers employed, fitted, overlooked, rewarded
by One ; all common members of one body, the
eye not saying to the hand, I have no need of
thee, nor the head to the feet I have no need of
you; therefore on these pages the author pro-
poses to record some facts concerning the work
performed by the Baptist laborers in a single
county of a single state lying near the great



INTRODUCTION. 9

center of inland commerce, trade, and enterprise.
He does this remembering that of about the same
thirty years, from 1837 to 1867, William Garrett,
of Alabama, has compiled a large volume of polit-
ical facts and narratives for that great state.

And now as he commences this unassuming
little work, in such marked contrast with the two
great works named, in reference to this labor per-
formed by this generation of Baptists in this little
portion of the Lord's vineyard, he asks the ques-
tion,

Will it live ?

The state of Indiana has as yet no enviable
reputation religiously among her sisters. It has
been said, and probably with truth, that there is
more unconsecrated wealth in Indiana than in
any other state of this Union. — It has a public
school fund of twenty and a half millions. — It has
been said that for no state is there so much need
of prayer. And the county of Lake has not yet
become noted for large benefactions or extensive
revivals. As was said of old, so of its laborers
may well now be said, What do these feeble Jews ?
Nevertheless, Will not their work live ? If Words-
worth had any right to say of his literary labor, I
perform it in the full consciousness that it will be
immortal, much more fully may it be said of this
vineyard labor, "It will not, cannot die." Its
results must live, if Christianity is truth, when
the names and deeds of Benton and Calhoun, of
Webster and Clay, the four great compeers once
in the halls of Congress, cease to be spoken by
men or to be renowned upon the earth. The
Baptist churches in Lake may go down, the Bap-
tist cause in the county may die out, but the des-
2



10 INTRODUCTION.

tinies once shaped foi* eternity, the grain reaped
or ripened and ready for the Lord of the harvest,
will continue onward in the endless ages. One
soweth, another reapeth ; both will yet rejoice
together.

"He that goeth forth and weepeth, bearing
precious seed, shall doubtless come again with
rejoicing, bringing his sheaves with him."

" The angel reapers shall descend,
And heaven shout, Harvest home."



THE LAKE OF THE RED CEDARS.



. CHAPTER I.

LAKE COUNTY AND CEDAR LAKE.

The northwestern corner of the state of In-
diana bordering upon Lake Michigan on the
north, upon Illinois on the west, upon the Kan-
kakee river on the south, is known as the
county of Lake. Its central length is thirty-
one miles, its breadth from east to west is six-
teen miles. Five hundred square miles of sur-
face constitute its area ; and that surface is con-
siderably diversified. Along Lake Michigan is
a range of sand hills and sand ridges where
some pines and cedars grow, and then ridges
and wet land with scrubby oaks and shrubs sucr
ceed. But prairie, lowland, and woodland,
comprise the larger portion of the county.
Some of the prairie land, all of the lowland,
may be called very fertile ; the prairies in their
natural condition having been covered with
grass and flowers in their season, forming then
a landscape view of exceeding beauty. The



12 THE LAKE OF THE RED CEDARS.

lowlands, which comprise many thousand acres
bordering the Kankakee river, are covered
with tall grass or trees, the trees being tall,
straight, and slim, of the varieties growing in
Northern swamps. A few miles southwest of
the center of the county is the

LAKE OF THE RED CEDARS.

Westward and southward as far as from the
lake shores the eye can see, extends a beautiful
stretch of level and then rolling land known as
Lake Prairie. Parts of it are as beautiful, as
gently undulating, and as fertile, as can be
found in any of the Western States. It has
become the home of a number of New England
families.

The little lake, from which the prairie takes
its name, as viewed on a summer day, from
some prairie height, with the blue sky above,
is beautiful beyond the art of painters to rep-
resent, because nature in sunny loveliness re-
flects light from the crystal water, and varying
hues from the trees that skirt the bank, and
from the green herbage, and from the sun-lit
sky. The glory of such a scene, in "the leafy
month of June," the blue dome above, the
sparkling, cooling water, the green-robed oaks,
and the flowery meads, and above all the sun-
shine, painters may in colors bright and in



LAKE COUNTY AND CEDAR LAKE. 13

fair outline represent, but cannot equal. There
are many lakes, in this great lake region of
America, with grander outlines and with more
majestic surroundings. There can be none in
June more sunny, there can be few more lovely.
A railroad track along the western bank has
now spoiled some of the original beauty.

The whole county lies very much in the track
of travel; for every eastern and southeastern
road that enters Chicago, with, at this date,
a single exception, crosses its borders. And
nearly all of that mighty tide of emigration,
immigration, and migration, which for forty
years has been flowing, mainly westward, in
covered wagons and on rail cars, populating
Iowa, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Kansas, Nebraska,
and the Far West, has crossed the county of
Lake. It would be difficult to find in all the
United States many such narrow strips of land
along which so many great lines of railroad
pass, and over which so much freight and so
many passengers are carried, as the few miles
which lie between the Lake of the Red Cedars
and Lake Michigan.

There is more than one beautiful American
lake that has its Indian legends, and around
which thrilling deeds have been performed.
Indian dwellers were lately here, but of their
real experiences and of the actual life here



ltt THE LAKE OF THE EED CEDARS.

before 1834, there is now no record. One
canoe they left, and it came into the posses-
sion of the family on the west side, where
the cedars did not grow. Their foot-path re-
mained and is visible still, but of reliable
legends there are none. And so this pellucid
pool, where in 1837 the fish large and small
were in luxuriant abundance, where the musk-
rats and the minks seemed to have undisturbed
possession, where thousands upon thousands of
different varieties of water fowls found their,
spring and autumn home, instead of being sur-
rounded and commemorated in written annals
by the traditions of the red children, like many
American lakes, is to be known in the little
world of readers, which this volume will reach,
simply as the home of a Christian household,
in connection with the spread of the teachings
of Him who once walked on the surface of the
lake of Gennesaret, and as consecrated by the
administration of that ordinance which was ad-
ministered at first in the waters of the Jordan.



CHAPTEK II.



BAPTIST SETTLEMENT.



Indiana Territory was organized in 1800.
Indiana was admitted as a state into the Union
in 1816. Yincennes had been settled by the
French in the old colonial times ; and many
spots along the Ohio were settled in those
early days of western migration when the
parents of Abraham Lincoln came from what
was called the Dark and Bloody Ground and
built their log cabin in an Indiana forest. But
the northwestern part of the state remained
without inhabitants, except the Indians and a
few Indian traders and French missionaries,
until about 1834.

Lake county was organized in 1837. For
two years pioneers had been penetrating the
wilds of this region and locating their claims
upon the borders of the prairies, where native
oaks and hickory trees could shelter their
cabins ; among them some professed sceptics
or infidels, some Quakers, some Methodists,
two or three Presbyterian families, and others
with the usual pioneer irreligion and general
unbelief.



16 THE LAKE OF THE RED CEDARS.

But in the early summer of 1837 a party of
men might have been seen, starting on horse-
back from a little town on Lake Michigan now
no longer in existence, to explore the new
county of Lake. Some of these had come in
the early spring time from the state of Massa-
chusetts, and had fixed their abode for a sum-
mer home ten miles west of Michigan City, on
the bank of a great lake. The band of horse-
men found trails and pathways, they crossed
swollen, bridgeless streams, and penetrated the
apparently illimitable wilds as far as Bed Cedar
Lake. Pleased with that region, delighted with
the native beauty of that little lake and the
surrounding prairie, they determined there to
pitch their tents and took possession of claims
on Government lands in accordance with the
self-imposed squatter laws. Among these New
Englanders, men then in the prime of life,
were Amasa Ains worth, Lewis Warriner, Nor-
man Warriner, and Hervey Ball, and a young
man Job Worthington, to which number, if not
among them then, was soon added Charles B.
Ball, a young man, all from the old town of
West Springfield, Massachusetts. The first of
these, making a claim, settled afterward at
Michigan City. Job Worthington returned in
the course of a few months to New England.
Charles B. Ball, remaining for a time at Cedar



BAPTIST SETTLEMENT. 17

Lake, settled at length near Chicago, where he
still resides. There remain then, for the Mas-
sachusetts Baptist pioneers, Norman Warriner,
Lewis Warriner, and Hervey Ball. Their tem-
porary houses were soon erected, and their
families settled around the lake.

As the family of the one last named will,
from the circumstances which existed, be prom-
inent in this narrative as peculiarly the Cedar
Lake family of the west side, we may go back
to their Eastern home and journey with them
from the bank of the Connecticut to the Lake
of the Ked Cedars.

Hervey Ball, born in West Springfield, now
Holyoke, Massachusetts, Oct. 16, 1794, a de-
scendant of Francis Ball who settled on the
Connecticut river in 1640, had married Jane
Ayrault Horton, only daughter of Dr. Horton
of Agawam, also a member of an old Puritan
family, and a descendant in her mother's line
through the Hanmer family of Wethersfield,
Connecticut, of Dr. Ayrault, a French Hugue-
not. Dr. Ayrault had married Mary Ann
Bretoun, of France, daughter of a Huguenot
merchant. These left France soon after the
revocation of the Edict of Nantes, in 1685,
when seven hundred thousand of the most
industrious and virtuous portions of the cit-
izens left that unhappy country. The Ayrault



18 THE LAKE OF THE BED CEDARS.

wedding ring and a large chest in which some
of their goods were brought across the ocean
were taken as heirlooms to Cedar Lake.

The Ball family of 1837 therefore represented
stanch descendants of the English Puritans and
the French Huguenots. Hervey Ball was the
first of his line to become a Baptist, but they
had been Baptists for generations back in the
Huguenot line.

In the early spring of 1837 this family, then
residing at Dr. Horton's, in Agawam, were
making preparations to remove to the West.
Death had taken away, that winter, the head
of the household. So all the members con-
cluded to remove. It was the breaking up of
an old New England family. Generation after
generation that spot had been held by those of
the Horton line. Many and dear associations
clustered around it. It had been a home of
great abundance, of every comfort that New
England knew, situated on a choice spot, nine
miles south of Mount Tom, near the Westfield
and also near the Connecticut river. Besides
the homestead, on which were orchards, a tine
garden, pasture land, a pine grove of consid-
erable extent, a number of large productive
chestnut trees, there were rich meadow lands,
grain lands, and other pasture lands, making
in all a choice river valley country-seat. All



BAPTIST SETTLEMENT. 19

now went to strangers. On the morning fixed
for the departure an extra stage coach came
over from Springfield to convey the members
of that household to Hartford. A few neigh-
bors came in, the pastor of their church was
present and commended them all in earnest
prayer to God. Then the five children, four
sons and one daughter, the oldest eleven years
of age, and their father and mother, their
Grandmother Horton and their great aunt, and
their aged Great-grandmother Hanmer, took
their places in the coach. The domestics were
dismissed. The parting words were spoken,
the last looks, by several of that number, were
taken of the well loved and for long years
happy home, and then old age and thoughtful
manhood and womanhood and gay and careless
childhood, started for new homes. Down the
main street of the village, past the homes of
friends and kindred, by the village church
where at least four generations had been accus-
tomed to worship God, the well loaded stage,
on that spring morning, passed rapidly along.
Stopping and resting the horses for a short
time at Windsor, a large wagon conveying the
baggage, the nightfall found the travellers at
the Dodd mansion in the city of Hartford, a
home of kindred where were then residing in
ease and luxury, Mary Ann Dodd, whose name



20 THE LAKE OF THE RED CEDARS.

as a writer may be found among the "Poets
of Connecticut," her gifted brothers, and their
father and mother. Here a visit was made.
Some of the children went out and viewed the
Charter Oak. Some of the Agawam household
remained with the Goodrich and Hanmer fam-
ilies of Hartford. After that separation the
ten never met again. The Ball family went to
New York city, the children visiting their city
cousins there of the Horton and Hanmer lines,
took a steamer for Albany, enjoying the trip
up the Hudson, changed over to a canal boat
bound for Buffalo, and were at length fairly on
the way for the mighty West. The Ainsworth
family, the father and mother and a daughter,
little Julia, with eyes dark like a raven's wing,
had now joined them ; and day by day the
horses jogged on along the tow-path and the
loaded boat followed. Many pleasant incidents
took place. It was rather funny to be cooped
up in a little cabin with several other families
by night, to sit on the deck in the day time
and watch the scenes along the banks of the
canal, to step off sometimes and run along the
tow-path, and to watch the filling up of the
locks and the ascent of the boat.

Buffalo was reached, and the blowing of
trumpets announced the entrance into that
young city. It was now April, but the harbor



BAPTIST SETTLEMENT. 21

was blocked up with ice. On board a steamer,
that proposed to force a way through a large
field of floating ice, the two families with hun-
dreds of others hastening westward that spring,
found passage.

Loaded already so that the boat sank below
its usual water-mark, the captain gave orders to
push off. It was the first boat of the season.
Snow and ice the past winter had been abun-
dant. Successfully the heavily loaded steamer
plowed its way through the ice, the open water
was reached, a heavy gale was encountered,
many were sea-sick, but the steamer landed in
safety at Toledo. Here leading out for a few
miles was a horse rail-road, but other public
conveyance for the great tidal wave of migration
in the year of 1837 here ceased. The house-
hold goods had been shipped to go round the
lakes to Michigan City, in a sailing vessel, where
sometime in the summer they arrived ; but the
Ball and Ainsworth families, resting and re-
freshing themselves at the last home of Massa-
chusetts kindred on the route, near the city of
Toledo, like other pioneers, bought a team,
fitted up a large wagon with a good cloth cover,
and started again westward for City West, on
Lake Michigan. Their rate of travel was less
than twenty miles a day. There were six chil-
dren, two women, and three men ; as an Irish



22 THE LAKE OF THE RED CEDARS.

adventurer had been picked up on the canal
route, who now became the teamster for the
party. The mud in some places was deep. Such
crowds were on the way that pfo visions through
Michigan became very scarce, and the water
was not like the cool clear springs and wells of
New England. The children were taking their
first lessons in privations, but they learned to
endure. When Sunday came they rested. On
the first of May they saw a prairie, and the scene
to them was charming. They passed Michigan
City and ten miles further west they found a
summer home. They there formed their first
acquaintance with Indians, enjoyed the wild
magnificence of that part of Lake Michigan as
then it was, found abundance of excellent wild


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