T. Lauder (Thomas Lauder) Brunton.

A text-book of pharmacology, therapeutics and materia medica online

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chemistry of, 995 ; general action of,
995 ; special action of, on the muscles,
nervous system, and spinal cord, 995 ;
on the brain, respiration, and blood-
pressure, 996; on the heart and arteri-
oles, 996 ; diagram of a pulse-wave
before and after injection of, in a dog,
997 ; on the vagus-roots and ends, 996 ;
peculiar action of, on the frog's heart,
996 ; on the digestive organs and the
urine, 997: effect of temperature on the
action of, 998 ; diagram showing effects
of rise of temperature alone, 998 ; ditto,
showing effects of rise, after injection
of, 998 ; ditto, showing action of, after
temperature, 999 ; action of different
preparations of, 999; uses of, 1000;

• precautions, 1001 ; treatment of poison-

. ing by, 1001

Digitalimrm, 994

Digitalis, effect of varied quantities of, on
the pulse, 37 ; cumulative action of, 42;



has sometimes no action on the pulse in
pneumonia, 47; acts differently on the
heart of a frog from that of mammals,
54 ; action of, on oxidation, 70 ; on
mollusca, 114; action of, on the brain,
198 ; as a cardiac tonic, 249 ; as a vas-
cular tonic, 254 ; diagram showing the
blood-pressure and form of the pulse-
wave before and after the injection of,
in the dog, 276 ; on the vagus centre,
317; on the cardiac muscle, 316; on
the capillaries, 318 ; on the heart, as a
cardiac tonic, 331, 333 ; the question of
the use of, in aortic regurgitation con-
sidered, 333 ; caution to be observed in
the use of, as a cardiac tonic, 335 ; as a
vascular tonic, 336 ; as a sedative, 339 ;
as a s'yptic acting on the blood-vessels,
350 ; has the power of lessening or ar-
resting hscmorrhage, 351; as a general
emetic, 373 ; experiment with, on blood-
pressure, 430 ; as a hydragogue diu-
retic, 432; as ananaphrodisiac,451; asa
direct emmenagogue, 453 ; as a poison,
with its antidotes, 489 ; antagonism of,
to other drugs, 494, 495

Digitalis (foxglove), characters, &c, of,
994

Leaf, 994

Digitin, composition of, 995

Digitonin, composition of, 995

Digitoxin, composition of, 995 ; action
of, on the cardiac muscle, 316 ; as a
cardiac tonic, 331. See Digitalis

Dilatation of the pupil of the eye, origin
and nature of, 219-222

Dilator muscle of the iris, nature and
functions of, 217

Dill, as a stimulant diuretic, 433

Dill and oil, as a carminative, 379

Dill, fruit, characters and use of, as a
carminative, 936
Oil of, 936

Dimethylamine, 100

Dimethyl-coniine, 932

Diosmese, 882

Diseases caused by mould-fungi, 82 ; by
bacteria, 82

Disinfectants, Koch's experiments on bac-
teria with, 92-96 ; nature and action of ,
103, 106 ; superheated steam the best
disinfectant under ordinary circum-.
stances, 1 06 ; borax as a disinfectant,
625; carbolic acid as a, 813; thymol
as, 1006

Distilled water, action of, on bacteria,
93 ; and calcium salts, on the frog's
heart, 306 ; as a lithontriptic, 436

Diuretics nature and mode of action of,
431 ; list of refrigerant, hydragogue,
and stimulant, 432, 433 ; saline, action
of, 433; uses of, 433; adjuvants to,
434 ; alkalies as, 599 ; iodide of ethyl as
a diuretic, 790 ; caulophyllum as, 843 ;



GENERAL INDEX.



1125



caffeine as a, 872 ; tansy as, 954 ; dan-
delion root as, 957 ; uva ursa as, 962 ;
chimaphila as, 962 ; benzoic acid as,
965 ; serpentary root as, 1012 ; thuja
as, 1063 ; oil of juniper as, 1064 ; sar-
saparilla as, 1052; garlic as, 1040 j
squill as. 1041

Di-toluyl-diethyl ammonium iodide, ac-
tion on motor nerves, 150

Dogiel, references to, 287, 295

Dog-rose, fruit of the, 920

Dogs, experiments with drugs on, 54-56 ;
Majendie's series of experiments on the
action of strychnine on the reflex powers
of the spinal cord of, 177 et seq. ; easiest
way of anaesthetising, 210; diagram of
a stopcock by which air or vapour, or
two kinds of gas, may be given to, 211 ;
diagram showing the blood-pressure and
form of the pulse- wave before and after
the injection of digitalis in, 276 ; action
of the heart in, 287 ; difference be-
tween rabbits and, in this respect, 287 ;
cause of the stoppage of the heart in,
297 ; effects of large doses of opium
injected into, 384 ; diagram of a pulse-
wave before and after injection of digi-
talis in, 997 ; action of, on, 997

Dogwood, 938 ; dogwood quinine, 938
Jamaica, action and use of, 913

Donaldson, reference to, 996

Donovan's solution, 721

Dosage, the rules which affect correct,
497

Dose, nature, size, and effects of a, on the
system, 37 ; rules which regulate the
amount of a, for children and adults,
497; Dr. Young's rule, 497; Dr.
Cowling's, 497 ; the author's proposed
modification of Dr. Cowling's, 497

Douche, nasal, diagram of a, 478

Douches, cold, nature and uses of, 463 ;
the spinal, 464 ; the ascending, 464

Dover's powder, as a vascular stimulant,
330, 331 ; as a sudorific, 421 ; in com-
bination with mercury, 688 ; ten grains
of, useful when a cold is coming on,
860 ; will cause diaphoresis, 861

Dropsy, the pathology of, 336, 337 ; dia-
gram of Ranvier's experiment on, 336 ;
the principal causes of, 336 ; and drugs
that are useful in, 336, 337 ; usefulness
of upward friction in, 345

Drugs, reaction between, and the various
parts of the body, 6 ; changes under-
gone by, in the body, 5 ; physiological
action of, depends chiefly upon their
power of acting on one tissue or organ
first, 26 ; the effects produced by large
and moderate doses of veratrine on
the frog an example of this, 26 ; effect
of artificially modifying the chemical
constitution of, 32; circumstances

WHICH AFFECT THE ACTION OF, ON



the organism, 33-56 ; direct and in-
direct action of, 34 ; local and remote
action of, 33 ; relation of effect to
quantity employed, 36 ; the doctrine
of homoeopathy in, 36 ; the dose, 37 ;
size, 37 ; and mode of administration
of, 38 ; difference betwixt venous and
subcutaneous injection and absorption
by the stomach, 38-40 ; action of the
liver on, 39 ; absorption and excretion
of, 39-40; cumulative action of, 41;
effect of different preparations of, 42 ;
of fasting on the action of, 43 ; of
habit, 43 ; of temperature, 44 ; effect
of temperature on the action of, on
the spinal cord, 46 ; the proper de-
finition of the action of, is the re-
action between them and the various
parts of the body at a certain tem-
perature, 47 : effects of climate on,
48 ; time of day, 48 ; season, 48 ; and
disease, 49 ; use of experiments in the
administration of, 49 ; effects of idio-
syncrasies on the power of, 51 ; objec-
tions to experiments, 53 ; difference in
the effect of, on men and animals, and
on different animals, 53-55 ; erroneous
deductions from, 55, 56; action of,
on protoplasm, blood, and low
ORGANISMS, 57-108; on albumen, 57;
on protoplasmic movements, 59-63 ;
on infusoria, 63-65 ; relations of mo-
tion and oxidation to, 65-70 ; action
of, on oxidation, 69 ; on the blood, 70-
73 ; on enzymes, 75-79 ; on the move-
ments of bacteria, 88 ; on the repro-
duction of bacteria in general, 89 ; and
on the destruction of the germs, 89 ;
table of the comparative action of
different, on bacteria, 90, 91 ; action
of, on particular species of, 92 ; mode
of experimenting on the action of, on
the reproduction of bacteria, 92 ;
Koch's experiments with three groups
of disinfectants on bacteria, 93 ; action
of, on the development 'and growth of
bacilli, 95 ; strength of various disin -
fectants required to prevent the de-
velopment of anthrax bacilli, 95 ;
effect of, on the action of bacteria in
the animal body, 102 ; action of, on
invertebrata, 109-116; on the me-
dusae, 109-113; on mollusca, 114; on
ascidians, 114; on annulosa, 114; on
MUSCLE, 117-143 ; on voluntary
muscle, 117 ; as poisons to the muscles,
126-131 ; the action of, on muscle
is relative, not absolute, 136; on in-
voluntary muscular fibre, 137 ; hypo-
thetical considerations regarding the
action on muscles, 141 ; on nerves
144-158; on motor nerves, 146; on
motor nerve-endings, 147 ; on the
trunks of motor nerves, 154 ; on sen-



GENERAL INDEX.



>ry nerves, 155 ; on the peripheral
ids of the sensory nerves, 157 ; ON
he SPINAL coed, 159-182 ; on the
mducting power of the cord, 159 ; on
ie reflex action of the cord, 160, 163 ;
irect, indirect, and inhibitory paraly-
s of the cord by, 164-171 ; explana-
on of the action of certain drugs on a
iven hypothesis, 171-177 ; stimulating
3tipn of, on the reflex powers of
ie cord, 177-181 ; ON THE BRAIN,
33-215 ; depressant action of, on the
iot' r centres, 187; irritant action of ,
i the motor centres in the brain, 188 ;
;tion of, on the sensory and psychical
intres in the brain, 191-215; drugs
hich increase the functional activity
: the brain, 192 ; nerve stimulants,
)2 ; cerebral stimulants, 192 ; which
ssen the functional activity of the
rain, 195 ; hypnotics, or soporifics,
)6 ; narcotics, 200 ; anodynes, or
lalgesics, 201 ; anesthetics, 203-211 ;
itispasmodics, 212 ; action of drugs
i the cerebellum, 215 ; on the
kgans op special sense, 216-231 ;
i the eye, 216; on the conjunctiva,
16 ; on the lacrimal secretion, 217 ;
l the pupil, 217-223 ; on accommo-
I'ion, 225; on intra-ocular pressure,
!6 ; on the sensibility of the eye, 227 ;
. producing visions, 228 ; on hearing,
!8 ; on smell, 230 ; on taste, 230 ; ON
SSPIRATION, 232-261 ; action of, when
jected into the jugular veins, 239 ; on
ie respiratory centre, 240-244 ; on the
spiratory nerves, 244-257 ; ON THE
rculAtion, 262-339 ; method of
icertaining the action of, on the cir-
llation, 268-270 ; diagrams illustra-
ve of this, 272-276 ; investigation of
ie action of, on the arterioles, 277-
10; another method of ascertaining
e action of, on the blood-vessels,
(0-283 ; action of, on the vaso-motor
id vaso-dilating nerves, 283 ; on reflex
infraction of vessels, 286 ; as the
luse of alteration in blood-pressure
id pulse-rate, 293 ; on the pulse-rate,
)5 ; on the cardio-inhibitory functions

the vagus, 295 ; on the reflex stimu-
tion of the vagus, 296 ; on vagus-
ots, 297 ; on the heart of the frog,
19-305; on the muscular substance

the heart, 305-310; on the vagus in
e frog, 310 ; on inhibition of the
>art, 310-312 ; theories regarding the
ode of action of, upon the heart, 312-
5; diagram to illustrate the action
, on the various parts of the cir-
latory apparatus, 315; on the vagus-
ntre, 317 ; on the acce'erating and
so-motor centres, 318, 319 ; on the
gus-ends in the heart, 317; on the



inhibitory and motor ganglia, 316,
317; on the cardiac muscle, 316; on
the vaso-motor nerves, 318 ; on the
capillaries, 318 ; various experiments
with, on the heart of a frog, 319-328 ;
therapeutic use of, acting on the circu-
lation, 328-339 ; as cardiac stimulants,
328 ; as vascular stimulants, 330 ; as
cardiac tonics, 331-335 ; as vascular
tonics, 335 ; as cardiac sedatives, 338 ;
as vascular sedatives, 339 ; action of,

ACTING ON THE SURFACE OF THE

body, 340-351 ; as irritants and coun-
ter-irritants, 340-347 ; as rubefacients,
344, 345 ; as vesicants ; 344, 345 ; as
pustulants and caustics, 344, 346 ; as
emollients and demulcents, 347-348 ;
as astringents, 349-350 ; as styptics, 350,
351 ; ACTION OF, ON THE DIGESTIVE

system, 352-409 ; on the teeth, 352 ,
as sialagogues, 353-359 ; as refri-
gerants, 360; as antisialics, 360; as
gastric tonics, 361 ; on the secretion
of the stomach, 363 ; on the move-
ments of the stomach, 365 ; as antacids,
369 ; as emetics, 370-376 ; as gastric
sedatives and anti-emetics, 376 ; as
carminatives, 378, 379 ; action of, on
the intestines, 379-409 ; on absorption
from the intestines, 386 ; as intestinal
astringents, 387; as purgatives, 388-
395 ; as irritant poisons, 395-399 ;
action of, on the liver, 399 ; as hepatic
stimulants, 402 ; as cholagogues, 404-
407 ; as hepatic depressants, 407 ;
action of, on the pancreas, 407; as
anthelmintics, 408 ; ON TISSUE-
CHANGE, 410-421 ; as tonics, 410 ; ON
excretion, 422-445, on the kidneys,
422 et set/. ; as diuretics, 431-434; in
albuminuria, 434; as lithontriptics,
436 ; on the skin as diaphoretics and
sudorifics, 437-441 ; as antihidrotics or
anhidroses, 441-443 ; on the bladder,

443-446; ON THE GENERATIVE SYS-
TEM, 447-456 ; as aphrodisiacs and
anaphrodisiacs, 447-453 ; as emmena-
gogues and ecbolics, 452-455; upon
milk, 455, 456 ; METHODS OF ADMINIS-
TERING, 457-485 ; by the skin, 457 et
seq.; as baths, 459; cold baths, 460-
466; warm baths, 466; medicated
baths, 469 ; vapour baths, 470; air
baths, 471 ; friction and inunction,
472; endermic application of, 474;
hypodermic administration of, 474;
application of, to the eye, 477 ; to the
ear, 477; to the nose, 478; to the
larynx, 479 ; to the lungs, 481 ; to the
digestive tract, 482; to the urethra,
484 ; to the vagina and uterus, 485 ;
as antidotes, 486-491; antagonistic
action of, 492-496 ; table showing the
antagonism ofj 495-496



GENEEAL INDEX.



1127



Drunkenness, general eflects of, 767 et
seq. ; causes and treatment of, 772

Duboisine, action of, as a mydriatic, 219;
on the respiratory centre, 240 ; on the
inhibitory ganglia, 317

Dujardin-Beaumetz, reference to, 1030

Dulcamara, characters, action, and uses
of, 983 ; action of, on the nervous sys-
tem, heart, respiration, and tempera-
ture, 983 ; as an alterative, 984

Dumas, M., points out a curious relation-
ship between the potassium and the
lithium group of elements, 17

Dyad metals, 644 et seq.

Dyspepsia, atonic, slight stimulants pro-
duce appetite in, 363

Dyspnoea, nature and cause of, 237-240 ;
action of aconitine on, 833

E.

Eae, various diseases of the, and their
treatment, 228. 229 ; action of salicylic
acid on tbe, 820 ; application of drugs
to the, 477; diagram of a vulcanite
syringe for injecting solutions into
the, 477 ; action of pilocarpine on the,
884

Eau de Cologne, as a cardiac stimulant,
328 ; as a general stimulant, 890 ; uses
of, in headache, fainting, &c, 773

Ecbolics, nature and action of, 452 ; list
of the chief, 464; uses of, 454; ad-
juncts to, 455

Eckhard, references to, 174, 175, 284

Egg-albumin, 1085
Yolk of, 1085

Elaterin, characters and action of, 929 ;
a powerful hydragogue cathartic, 929 ;
action of, on the nervous system, 929

Elaterinum, 505

Elaterium, as a drastic purgative, 389 ;
and a hydragogue, 390 ; characters and
composition of, 929

Elder, characters and uses of, 939
Flowers, 939

Elecampane, 959

Electricity, effects of, on the protoplasmic
movements, 60, 61 ; on the action of
infusoria, 64

Elements composing the earth, list of
the, with their symbols and atomic
weights, 9, 10; nature of the, 1 1 ;
recent spectroscopic researches prove
them to be compounds, 13; dissociation
of the, 12 ; spectrum analysis of the,
11-15 ; evolution of the, 15 ; classifica-
tion of the, 15 ; according to their
atomic weight, 16 ; in groups, 17 ; in
series, 17 ; Mendelejeff's classification,
19 ; differences between the even and
the uneven series, 18; the classification
in series not yet perfect, 20 ; general
relations of the, 20-32 ; organic radi- '



cals, 20; chemical reactions of the, 24;
physiological reactions of the, 24 ; the
latter divided into groups, 25 ; relation
between atomic weight and physio-
logical action, 28 ; between spectro-
scopic characters and physiological
action, 27 ; connection between che-
mical constitution and physiological
action, 32 ; relation between isomorph-
ism and physiological action, 26 ;
Blake's division of the, into nine
groups, according to their physiological
action, 27 ; his classification and con-
clusions cannot be accepted as final, 27

Elemi, nature and use of, 893

Elixir aurantii, 508, 889

Elixirs, 508

Elm, characters and uses of, 1025 ; as a
demulcent, astringent, and tonic,
1026
Slippery, 1025; characters of, 1025

Embrocations or liniments, 515

Emetics, aid the action of antiperiodics,
and sometimes cure ague without their
aid, 108 ; powerful adjuncts to ex-
pectorants, 255 ; nature and action of
370 ; divided into two classes, local
and general, 373 ; the various uses of,
374-376 ; in simply emptying the
stomach, 374 ; in expelling foreign
bodies from it, 374 ; in removing the
contents of it, 374 ; in removing poison
from it, 374 ; and bile, 374 ; and ob-
structions from the air-passages, 375
contra-indications of, 375 ; anti-, 376
salt as an emetic, 620 ; alum as, 655
sulphate and acetate of zinc as, 668
sulphate of copper as, 344, 675 ; sub-
sulphate of mercury as, 690 ; antimony
as, 725 ; hydrochlorate of apomorphine
as, 849 ; mustard as a prompt and
direct, 865 ; ipecacuanha as an, 950 ;
Phytolacca root as, 1009 ; iris as, 1039

Emetine* action of, on muscle, 128 ; as a
depressant expectorant, 255 ; action of,
on the cardiac muscle, 316 ; as a general
emetic, 373

Emmenagogues, nature and action of,
452 ; list of indirect and direct, 453 ;
caulophyllum as an emmenagogue,
843; oil of rue as an, 881 ; tansy as
954 ; hedeoma or pennyroyal as, 1007 ;
origanum as, 1007

Emollients, nature, action, and thera-
peutic uses of, 347, 348

Emphysema, with copious secretion of
mucus, a combination of morphine and
atropine useful in, 250

Empirical therapeutics, explanation and
example of, 3

Emplastrum ammoniaci, 508, 934

cum Hydrargyro,
508, 686, 702,
934, 966



1128



GENEEAL INDEX,



Emplastram Arnicse, 508, 958, 966
Asafoetidse, 508, 702, 933, 966
Belladonna, 508, 966, 985
Calefaciens, 508, 1016, 1061, 1090,

1091
Cantharidis, 508, 1061, 1078, 1084
Capsici, 508, 966, 984
Ferri, 508, 702, 743, 966
Galbani, 508, 702, 933, 966, 1090
Hydrargyri, 508, 686, 966
Ichthyocollae, 508, 1086
Opii, 508, 702, 844, 845, 966, 1061
Picis, 508, 966, 1016, 1057, 1061,
1062, 1090
Burgundies;, 508, 1062
Canadensis, 508, 1062
cum Cantharide. 508, 1062
Plumbi, 508, 702, 966

Iodidi, 508, 705
Kesinse, 508, 702, 96R, 1061, 1079
Saponis, 508, 578, 702, 966, 1061,
1079

Fuscum, 966, 1079, 1090
Endernric application of drugs, 474
Endocarditis, ulcerative, micrococci pre-
sent in, 99
Enema Aloes, 509, 1042, 1044
Asafoetidae, 509, 932
Magnesii sulphatis, 509, 966
Opii, 509, 844
Tabaci, 509

Terebinthinffi, 509, 1058
Enemas, injections, or clysters, 508 ; na-
ture and uses of, 484
Engelmann, reference to, 138
Enzymes, nature of, 75 ; action of drugs
on, 76 ; functions of, 76 ; list of the
chief, in the animal body, 76 ; method
of ascertaining the action of drags on,
76 ; table and diagram showing the
different action of drugs on different,
78, 79 ; methods of liberating from
zymogens, 80 ; alteratives supposed
to alter in some way the action of,
413
Epidermic application of drugs, 457
Epsom salts, 659

Erbium, symbol and atomic weight of, 10
Ergot, action of, on the vaso-motor centre,
319 ; on the motor ganglia, 316 ; as a
vascular cedative, 339 ; as a styptic
acting on the blood-vessels, 350 ; has
the power of lessening or arresting
haemorrhage, 351 ; as a direct emmena-
gogue, 453 ; one of the chief ecbolics,
454 ; as a poison, with its antidotes,
489 ; its characters, composition, and
general action, 1068, 1069 ; special
action, 1070
Ergot, characters and preparations, 1068,

1069
Ergotin, extract of, its action on the
nervous system, muscles, and sensory
nerves, 1071 j on the circulation and



heart, 1071 ; on the vaso-motor system,
respiration, and secretion, 1071 ; on
the alimentary canal and uterus, 1072 ;
therapeutics, 1072

Ergot of rye, 1068

Ergotinic acid, 1069

Ergotinin, 1069

Ergotinum, 505

Ergotism, symptoms of, 1069, 1070

Ericaceae, 961

Erysipelas, caused by micrococci, 99

Erythrophlcein, as a cardiac tonic, 331

Erythrophlceum, state of the pulse and
blood-pressure in a cat after division
of the spinal cord and injection of,
273 ; action of, on the vagus-roots,
296 ; on the cardiac muscle, 316 ; as a
cardiac tonic, 331 ; diagram showing
the effect of, upon the blood-pressure
and secretion of urine, 430 ; as a hy-
dragogue diuretic, 432

Erythroxylaceae, 877

Erythroxylon (coca), characters and com-
position of, 877 ; action of, as a power-
ful local anaesthetic, 878 ; on the nerve-
centres, respiration, pulse, and blood-
pressure, 878, 879 ; on mammals, 878 ;
on the secretion of saliva and sweat,
879; on the urine and temperature,
879 ; uses of, 879

Escharotics, acids as, 568

Esmarch, reference to, 801

Essences, 509

Essentia Anisi, 509, 935

Menthas piperita;, 509, 1004

Ether, action of, on bacteria, 93 ; on
annulosa, 115 ; on muscle, 128 et seg. ;
on psychical processes, 191; nature of
narcosis by, 204 ; first used as an an-
aesthetic in dentistry, 212 : as an anti-
spasmodic, 21 3 ; action of, on the
respiratory centre, 241 ; on the brain,
244 ; on the vaso-motor centre, 319 ;
on the motor ganglia, 316 ; as a cardiac
stimulant, 328, 329 ; as a vascular
stimulant, 330 ; as a rubefacient, 344 :
as a sialagogue, 357 ; as a local seda-
tive, 376 ; and acetic acid, as a carmi-
native, 379 ; action of, on the vascularity
of and absorption in the intestines,
386 ; as a poison, with its antidotes,
488 ; its preparation, character, and
uses, 780 ; action of, on the skin, 781 ;
mouth, stomach, and intestine, 781 ;
cerebral hemispheres, spinal cord, and
medulla oblongata, 782 ; muscles,
nerves, and blood, 782 ; and heart,
782; difference between chloroform
and, 782

Ether, simple and saline —
Acetic, 780, 783
Amyl, nitrite of, 784
Compound spirit of, 783
Nitre-glycerine (glonoine), 788



GEKEEAL INDEX.



1129



Ether, oil of, 783
Pure, 780
Spirit of, 781

Nitrous, 784
Stronger, 781

Ether spray as an anesthetic, 157

Ethereal oils, action of, on bacteria, 103

Ethyl, iodide of, preparation and charac-
ters of, 790 ; action and uses of, as an
anaesthetic, alterative, diuretic, anti-
spasmodic, 790; mode of administra-
tion, 790

Ethyl-atropine, action of, on the motor
nerves, &c, 989

Ethyl-carbamate. See Urethane

Eucalyptol, action of, on bacteria, 95 ; as
a disinfectant, 106 ; and antiperiodic,
107 ; as a vermicide, 408

Eucalyptus, character, action, and uses of,
925; oil of, 925 ; action of, as an anti-
septic, 925 ; on the blood, spleen, and
skin, 925 ; effects of, when swallowed,
925 ; action of, on the nerve-centres,
spinal cord, 925 ; brain, medulla, and
heart, 925 ; on the temperature, 925
how excreted, and uses of, 926

Eucalyptus oil, action of, on enzymes, 78
on bacteria, 91 ; use in blood-poisoning,
106, 926

Eulenberg, references to, 40, 204

Euonymin, as a cholagogue, 390; as a
hepatic stimulant, 403

Euonymus (wahoo), nature and action of,
894 ; acts as a hepatic stimulant, &c.,
895

Eupatorium, characters and use of, 956 ;
as a tonic, diaphoretic, emetic, and
cathartic, 956

Euphorbiaceae, 1022

Euphorbium, action of, on the nose, 245 ;
as a vesicant, 344

Eustachian tube, the, some diseases of,
and their treatment, 229

Evolution of species and of elements, 15

Ewald, A., reference to, 176

Ewers, references to, 245, 296

Excretion, Action of dbugs on, 422-
446

Expectorants, nature and action of, 250-
255 ; action of, on the secretions of the
air-passages and the mucous mem-
branes, 250, 251 ; on the expulsive
mechanism, 254; list of depressant,
255 ; of stimulating, 255 ; adjuncts to,
255 ; antimony as an expectorant, 726
cimicifuga (black snakeroot) as an,
838 ; senega root as a stimulating, 868
myrrh as, 893 ; balsam of Peru as, 903
balsam of Xolu as, 903 ; cheken as, 923
galbanum and ammoniacum as, 933
ipecacuanha as, 950 ; benzoic acid as,
965 ; marrubium as, 1007 ; cascarilla
bark as, 1022 ; garlic as, 1040 ; squill
as, 1041



Experiments, use of, 49 ; upon healthy
man, 51 ; fallacies, 52 ; in disease, 52 ;
objections to, answered, 53-55 ; erro-
neous deductions from, 55, 56 ; mode
of conducting, for examining the action
of drugs on infusoria, 63 ; for testing
the oxidising power of protoplasm,
68 ; the action of drugs on oxidation,
69 ; the action of drugs on alcoholic
fermentation, 81 ; on the movements
of bacteria, 88 ; on the destruction of
germs, 89 ; on the action of drugs on
the reproduction of bacilli, 92 ; and on
the development and growth of bacilli,
95 ; for testing the action of drugs on
the motor nerves, 147-149 ; on the
reflex action of the spinal cord, 163,
164 ; on the respiratory centre, 240 ; on
the action of drugs on the circulation,
262-268 ; on blood-pressure, 268-270 ;
on the action of heat and cold on the
frog's lung, 278-280 ; on the action of
the heart on blood-pressure, 292; on
the heart of the frog, 299-303 ;
Stannius's, on the action of the various



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