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Pliny's Natural history. In thirty-seven books online

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bare hearsay, hath set down the Measure of the Island
Circeii to be eighty Stadia ; in that Book which he wrote to
IVicodorus, the chief Magistrate of the Athenians, who lived
in the 460th year after the Foundation of our City. What-
ever Land, therefore, above ten Miles' compass, lieth near
about it, hath been annexed to the Island. A year after
that another wonderful Thing fell out in It<sly : for not far
from Circeii there is a Pond called Pomptina, which Mu-
tianusy a Man who had been thrice Consul, reporteth to have
been a Place wherein stood twenty-three Cities. Then there
is the River Ufens, upon which is the Town Terracina,
called in the Volscian tongue Anxur, and where was the City
Aioycle, destroyed by Serpents. After it is the Place of a

1 Cerceia was a town of the Volsci, on whose ruins is now built the
little village Santa Felicita. Homer (" Odyssey," K. 194) represents it
as the abode of Circe, and says it was an island

" An isle encircled with the boundless flood."

But the country all around is now one vast plain, and constitutes the well-
known Pontine Marshes, which being raised but little above the level of
the sea, may not improbably have been once covered by its waves. " If
the traveller can spare a day," says Eustace in his " Classical Tour," " he
may hire a boat, and sail along the coast to the promontory of Circe,
which forms so conspicuous a figure in his prospect, and appears from
Terracina, as Homer and Virgil poetically describe it, a real island. As
he ranges over its lofty cliffs, he will recollect the splendid fictions of the
one and the harmonious lines of the other. He may traverse the un-
frequented groves ; but instead of the palace of Circe he will discover the
lonely village of Santa Felicita, a few solitary towers hanging over the
sea, and perhaps some faint traces of the ancient Cerceia, covered with
bushes and overgrown with shrubs." Wern. Club.

BOOK III.] History of Nature. 169

Cave, the Lake Fundanus, and the Port Cajeta. The Town
Formiae, named also Hormiae, the ancient Seat (as Men
thought) of the Laestrigones. Beyond it was the Town
Pyrae, the Colony Minturnae, divided by the River Liris,
called Clauius. The furthest Town in the adjoins of Latium
is Sinuessa, which, as some have said, was commonly called
Sinope. Thence cometh the pleasant Country Campania.
From this Vale begin the Hills which are full of Vineyards,
and famous for Drunkenness, proceeding of the Liquor so
celebrated, commended in all Countries : and (as they were
wont to say in old Time) there was the chief Strife between
Father Liber and Ceres. From hence the Setine and Ce-
cubine Countries spread forth : and to them join the Falern
and Calene. Then arise the Mountains Massici, Gaurani,
and Surrentim. There the Laborini Fields are spread about,
and the good Wheat harvest to make Dainties at the table.
The Sea-coasts here are watered with hot Fountains ; and
beside. other Things through all the Sea, they are famous
for the rich purple Shell-fish 1 and other excellent Fishes 2 .
In no Place is there better Oil from the Olive ; and this
contest of Human pleasure, the Osci, Grecians, Umbri,
Tusci, and Campi, have held. In the Border of this is the
River Savo ; Vulturnum, the Town, with the River; Li-
ternum, and Cumo, inhabited by Chalcidians, Misenum,
the Harbour Baiae, Baiili, the Lakes Lucrinus and Aver-
nus, near which was once the Town Cimmerium. Then
Puteoli, called also the Colony Dicaearchia : after that, the
Plains Phlegraei, and the Marsh Acherusia, near to Cumes.
And by the Shore Naples 3 , a City also of the Chalcidians;

1 The famous Tyrian dye was procured from shell-fish, but the par-
ticular species are not certainly known. Of the Purpura and Buccinum
described by Pliny in his 9th book, the former is probably the Murex
trunculus of Linnaeus, and the other the Purpura patula of Lamark.
Wern. Club.

2 The Scarus, described by Pliny, lib. ix. 29, is perhaps intended, but
it is difficult to determine what the Scarus was. Baian and Lucrine oysters
may also be referred to; these are described, lib. ix. 79. Wern. Club.

3 Livy, lib. viii. 22, says, " Naples was inhabited by a people that
came from Cumae, and the Cumans derive their origin from Chalcis, in
Euboaa." Wern. Club.

170 History of Nature. [BOOK III.

as Parthenope, so called from the Tomb of a Siren : Her-
culaneum, Pompeii : and, not far off, the Mountain
Vesuvius overlooketh, and the River Sernus runneth by
the Territory of Nuceria ; and within nine Miles of the Sea,
Nuceria itself. Surrentum, with the Promontory of Mi-
nerva, the Seat once of the Sirens. From Circeii the Navi-
gation lieth open seventy-eight Miles. This is counted the
first Region of Italy, from Tiber, according to the Descrip-
tion of Augustus. Within it are these Colonies : Capua, so
called of the Champaign Country ; Aquinum ; Suessa, Ve-
nafrum, Sora, Teanum, named also Sidicinum ; and Nola :
the Towns Abellinum, Aricia, Alba Longa, Acerrani, Allifani,
Atinates, Aletrinates, Anagnini, Atellani, Asulani, Arpinates,
Auximates, Avellani, Aifaterni ; and they who of the Latin,
Hernic, and Labicane Territories, are surnamed accordingly :
Bovillse, Calatiae, Casinum, Calenum, Capitulum, Cernetum>
Cernetani, who are called also Mariani. Corani, descended
from Dardanus the Trojan. Cubulterini, Castrimonienses,
Cingulani. Fabienses, and in the Mount Albanus, Foro-popu-
lienses. Out of the Falern Territory, Frusinates, Feren-
tinates, Freginates, Fabraterni the Old, Fabraterni the New,
Ficolenses, Fricolenses, Foro-Appi, Forentani, Gabini, In-
terramnates, Succasani, called also Lirinates, Ilionenses,
Lavinii, Norbani, Nementani Prenestini, whose City was in
Times past named Stephanus, Privernates, Setini, Signini,
Suessulani, Telini, Trebutini, surnamed Balinienses, Trebani,
Tusculani, Verulani, Veliterni, Ulubrenses, Ulvernates, and
above Rome herself: the other Name 1 whereof to utter is

1 Valentia.

In the second chapter of book xxviii., Pliny tells us, on the autho-
rity of authors adduced by Verrius Flaccus, that the Romans, when about
to commence the siege of any place, first called upon their priests to in-
voke the deity under whose protection that place was, and promised him
the same, or even a greater, degree of worship than he had previously
received. And that the enemies of Rome might not have recourse to the
same expedient, it was kept ; a strict secret under the protection of what
particular deity their own city was placed. Valentia appears to have been
the secret name, and it was never divulged till Valerius Soranus rashly
uttered it, and, as we learn from Plutarch (in " Quaest. Rom." p. 278),
uffered the punishment of his impiety. St. Paul found at Athens an

BOOK III.] History of Nature. 171

counted in the Mysteries of the Ceremonies an impious and
unlawful Thing : which, after it was abolished, for the faithful
Safety thereof, Valerius Soranus pronounced, and soon after
suffered the Penalty. I think it not amiss to insert in this
Place an Example of the ancient Religion, instituted espe-
cially for this Silence: for the Goddess Angerona, to whom
is sacrificed on the twelfth Day before the Kalends of January,
is represented by an Image having her Mouth bound and
sealed up. The City had three Gates when Romulus left it ;
or rather four (if we believe most Men that write thereof),
its Walls, when the two Vespasians, Emperors and Censors,
took the Measure, in the Year after the Foundation of it,
828, were in circuit thirteen 1 Miles and almost a quarter.
It containeth within it seven Mountains, and is divided into
fourteen Regions and 265 cross Streets, called Compita
Larium. The Measure of the same space of Ground, running
from the Milliarium, erected at the Head of the Roman
Forum, to every Gate, which are at this Day thirty-seven in
number (so ye reckon once the twelve Gates always open,
and overpass seven of the old, which no longer exist 2 ), maketh
thirty Miles, three-quarters, and a little more, in a straight
Line : but from the same Milliarium 3 , to the utmost ends of
the Houses, with the Praetorian Camps, and the clumps
(vicos) of all the Streets, it cometh to somewhat above
seventy Miles : to which if a Man put the Height of the
Houses, he may truly conceive by it a worthy Estimate of it,
and confess that the Magnitude of no City in the World

altar dedicated to the Unknown God; this had, probably, been erected
with a reference to the custom above-mentioned, as there is no reason for
supposing it confined to the Romans. Wern. Club.

1 Some read, thirty.

2 In ancient times the most frequented roads to the city of Rome had
double gates. They who came into the city passed through the left-hand
gates ; and they who went out took the right-hand gate. (Nardini,
" Roma Antica," lib. x. cap. 9.) When Pliny, speaking of the gates of
the city, says that twelve of the thirty-seven gates should only be num-
bered once, he alludes to such of them as were double in this

Note in the " Pursuits of Literature" Dia. 4th. Wern. Club.

3 For figure of the Milliarium, see the end of this book.

172 History of Nature. [BooK lit.

could be compared to it. It is enclosed on the East Side
with the Rampart of Tarquinius the Proud ; a very won-
derful piece of Work : for he raised it as high as the Walls
on that Side where the approach to it was most open. On
the other Part it was fortified with exceedingly high Walls,
or with steep Hills, except where there the Buildings lie out,
and make many Cities. In that first Region there were
besides, for Latium, these distinguished Towns : Satricum,
Pometia, Scaptia, Pitulum, Politorium, Tellene, Tifata.
Caemina, Ficana, Crustumerium, Ameriola, Medullia, Cor-
niculum, Saturnia, where now Rome standeth : Antipolis,
which now is Janiculum, in a Part of Rome : Antemnse,
Carnerium, Collatise : Amiternum, Norbe, Sulmo ; and with
these, the Alban People, who were accustomed to receive
Flesh in Mount Alban ; Albani, ^Esolani, Acienses, Aholani,
Bubetani, Bolani, Casuetani, Coriolani, Fidenates, Foretii,
Hortenses, Latinenses, Longulani, Manates, Macrales, Mu-
tucumenses, Munienses, Numinienses, OHiculani, Octulani,
Pedani, Pollustini, Querquetulani, Sicani, Sisolenses, Tole-
rienses, Tutienses, Virnitellarii, Velienses, Venetulani, Vi-
cellenses. Thus of the Old Latium there be fifty-three States
perished, without any Remains left behind. Moreover, in
the Campaign Country, the Town Stabiae continued to the
Time that Cn. Pompeius and L. Carbo were Consuls, the
last Day of April ; upon which Day L. Sylla, Legate in the
Social War, destroyed it utterly : which now is turned into
Farm-houses. There is decayed also there Taurania. There
be also some little Relics left of the dying Casilinum.
Moreover, Antias writeth, that Apiolae, a Town of the
Latins, was taken by L. Tarquinius^ the King ; with the
Pillage whereof he founded the Capitol. From Surrentum
to the River Silarus was the Picentine Country, for the
space of thirty Miles, renowned for the Tuscan's Temple
built by Jason in honour of Juno Argiva. Within it stood
the Towns Salernum and Picentia. At Silarus, the third
Region beginneth, together with the Lucan and Brutian
Countries : and there also the Inhabitants changed not a
few times. For it was possessed by the Pelasgi, (Enotri,

BOOK III.] History of Nature. 173

I tali, Morgetes, Siculi, People for the most part of Greece :
and last of all by the Lucani, descended from the Samnites,
under their Leader Lucius. In which standeth the Town
Paestum, called by the Greeks Posidonia: the Bay Psestanus,
the Town Helia, now Velia. The Promontory Palinurum,
Creek receding, from which there is a Passage to the Column
Rhegia, 100 Miles over. Next to this, the River Melphes :
the Town Buxentum, in Greek Pyxus; the River Laiis ;
and a Town there was likewise of the same Name. From
thence the Sea-coast of Brutium, the Town Blanda, the
River Batnm, the Haven Parthenius belonging to the
Phocaeans : the Bay Vibonensis ; the Grove Clampetia, the
Town Ternsa, called by the Greeks Temese : and Terina of
the Crotonians, and the very large Bay Terinseus : the Town
Consentia. Within, in a Peninsula, the River Acheron,
from which the Townsmen are called Acherontini. Hippo,
which now we call Vibovalentia ; the Port of Hercules, the
River Metaurus, the Town Tauroentum, the Port of Orestes,
and Medua : the Town Scylleum, the River Cratais, Mother
(as they say) to Scylla. Then the Column Rhegia : the
Sicilian Straits, and two Capes, one over against the other ;
namely, Caenis from Italy, and Pelorum from Sicily, a Mile
and half asunder : from whence to Rhegium is twelve Miles
and a half: and so forward to a Wood in the Apennine
called Sila ; and the Promontory called Leucopetra, twelve
Miles. Beyond which, Locri (carrying the Name also of the
Promontory Zephyrium) is from Silarus distant 303 Miles.
Here is included the first Gulf of Europe, wherein are named
these Seas : first, Atlanticum (from which the Ocean breaketh
in), called of some Magnum : the Passage through which it
entereth is by the Greeks called Porthmos; by us FretumGadi-
tanum ; when it hath entered the Spanish Sea, so far it washeth
the Coasts of Spain, Freturn Hispanum : of others, Ibericum,
or Balearicum : and presently it taketh the Name of Gallicum,
before the Province Narbonensis : and after that, Ligusticum :
from whence, to the Island Sicily, it is called Tuscum ; which
some of the Grecians term Notium, others Tyrrhenum, but
most of our Countrymen Inferum. Beyond Sicily to the

174 History of Nature. [BooK III.

Salentini, Polybius calleth it Ausonium : but Eratosthenes
naraeth all the Sea Sardonuin, that is, between the Mouth of
the Ocean and Sardinia : and from thence to Sicily, Tyr-
rhenum : and from it to Greta, Siculum : beyond which it is
called Creticum. The Islands along these Seas are these :
the first of all, those by the Greeks named Pityusae, of the
Pine plant ; but now, Ebusus : they are both a City con-
federate, and a narrow Arm of the Sea runneth between
them : they are forty-two Miles apart. From Dianeum they
are distant seventy Stadia : and so many are there between
Dianeum and New Carthage, by the main Land : and as far
from Pityusse into the main Ocean, lie the two Baleares ;
and toward Sucro, Colubraria. These Baleares, in War,
use much the Sling ; and the Greeks name them Gymnesiae.
The greater of them is 100 Miles in Length, and in Circuit
380. It hath Towns of Roman Citizens, Palma and Pol-
lentia : of Latins, Cinium and Cunici : and Bochri was a
Town confederate. From it the lesser is 30 Miles off,
being in Length 60 Miles, and in Compass 150. Cities
in it are Jamno, Sanisera, and Mago. From the greater,
12 Miles in the Sea, lieth the Isle Capraria, dangerous for
Shipwrecks : and opposite the City Palma, Menariae, and
Tiquadra, and little Annibalis. The Soil of Ebusus chaseth
Serpents away, but that of Colubraria breedeth them ; and
therefore it is Dangerous for all that come into it, unless they
bring with them some of the Ebusian earth. The Greeks
call this Island, Ophiusa. Neither doth Ebusus produce
any Rabbits ; which are so common in the Baleares, that
they eat up the Corn. There be about twenty more little
ones in the shallow Part of the Sea. But in the Coast of
Gallia, in the Mouth of Rhodanus, there is Metina ; and
soon after, that which is called Blascon ; and the. three
Stoechades, called so by their Neighbours the Massilians, for
their Order ; and they give each one a several Name, as
Prote, Mes (which also is called Pornponiana), and the
third, Hypea. After them, are Sturium, Phrenice, Phila,
Lero, and Lerina, over against Antipolis; wherein is a
Memorial of the Town Vergaonum.

BOOK III.] History of Nature. 1 75


Of Corsica.

IN the Ligurian Sea is Corsica, which the Greeks called
Cyrnos, but it is nearer to the Tuscan Sea, stretching out
from the North into the South, and in Length is 150 Miles :
in Breadth, for the more Part, 50: in Circuit, 322: it is
distant from the Shallows of Volaterrae 62 Miles. It hath
35 Cities : and the Colonies, Mariana, planted by C. Marius;
Aleria, by the Dictator Sylla. On this Side of it is Oglasa ;
but within 60 Miles of Corsica is Planaria ; so called of its
Form, which is level with the Sea; and, therefore, deceiveth
Ships. Bigger than it are Urgo and Capraria, which the
Greeks called .ZEgilos. Also, ^Egilium and Danium, the
same as Artemisia ; both lying over against the Coast of
Cosanum. Other small ones, also, as Maenaria, Columbraria,
Venaria, Ilua, with the Iron Mines, in Circuit 100 Miles,
10 Miles from Populonia, called by the Greeks, .ZEthalia :
from it is Planasia, 39 Miles off. After them, beyond the
Mouths of Tiber in the Antian (Creek), is Astura; and close
by Palmaria, Sinonia ; and just against, Formias, Pontiae.
But in the Bay of Puteolanum, Pantadaria and Prochyta, so
called, not of jEneass Nurse, but because of the gushing of
the Sea from JEnaria. ^Enaria itself took its Name from the
Station of the Ships of uEneas ; called by Homer Inarime, by
the Greeks, Pithecusa; not for the Number of Apes there, as
some have thought, but of the Work-houses of those that
made earthen Vessels. Between Pausilipus and Naples, Me-
garis ; and soon after, eight Miles from Surrentum, Capreae,
renowned for the Castle of the Prince Tiberius ; in Circum-
ference 400 Miles. Next, Leucothea; and out of Sight Jieth
Sardinia, close upon the African Sea, but less than nine Miles
from the Coast of Corsica : and still those Straits are made
more narrow by reason of the small Islands named Cunicu-
larise. Likewise Phintonis and Fossae, whereof the very
Strait itself is named Taphros.

1 76 History of Nature. [ BOOK III.

Of Sardinia.

SARDINIA, on the East Side, is in Extent 188 Miles; on
the West, 170 ; Southward, 74; and Northward, 122 : so that,
in all, it taketh up the Compass of 560 Miles. It is from the
Cape of Caralitanus to Africa 200 Miles : from Gades, 1400
Miles. It hath two Islands on that Side where the Promon-
tory Gorditanum standeth ; which be called Hercules' Is-
lands : on the Side of Sulsensis, Enosis ; of Caralitanum,
Ficaria. Some Place not far from it the Islands Belerides
and Col 1 odes : and another which they call Heras Lutra, or
Hieraca. The most celebrated People therein are the Ilienses,
Balari, and Corsi : and of the fourteen Towns, the Sul-
citana, Valentin), Neapolitan!, Bosenses, and Caralitani, who
are Roman Citizens ; arid Norenses. There is one Colony
which is called Ad Turrim Libysonis. This Island Sardinia
Timceus called (from the Shape of a Shoe) Sandaliotis : but
Myrsylus (from its Resemblance to a Footstep), Ichnusa.
Over against the Bay Psestanum is Leucasia, so called from
a Siren there buried. Opposite Vestia, lie Pontia and Issia ;
both jointly called by one Name, (Enotides ; an Argument
that Italy was possessed by the CEnotrians. And opposite
Vibo other little ones, called Ithacesise, the Watch-places of

Of Sicily.

BUT Sicily excelleth all other of these Islands. It is
named by Thucydides, Sicania ; by many, Trinacria, or Tri-
quetra, from its triangular Form. It is in Circuit (as Agrippa
saith) 198 Miles. In Times past it was joined to the Bru-
tians' Country ; but soon after, by the Rush of the Sea, it
was torn from it, and a Strait was left of 12 Miles in
Length, and one and a half in Breadth, near the Column
Rhegium. Upon this Occasion of opening, the Greeks gave
a Name to the Town Rhegiurn, situated on the Edge sf Italy.

BOOK III.] History of Nature. 177

In this Strait is the Rock called Scylla, and likewise another
named Charybdis : the Sea is full of Whirlpools, and both
those Rocks are notorious for their Rage. The utmost Cape
of this Island Triquetra (as we have said) is called Pelorus,
projecting against Scylla toward Italy. Pachynum lieth to-
ward Graecia, and from it Peloponnesus is distant 144 Miles.
Lilybaeum lieth toward Africa, and between it and the Cape
of Mercury there are 180 Miles : and from the said Lilybaeum
to the Cape of Caraleis in Sardinia, 120. Now these Pro-
montories and Sides lie one from the other at this Distance :
by Land, from Pelorus to Pachynum, 166 Miles : from thence
to Lilybaeum, 200 Miles : so forward to Pelorus, 170. In it,
of Colonies, Towns, and Cities, there are 72. Beyond
Pelorus, which looketh toward the Ionian Sea, is the Town
Messana, inhabited by Roman Citizens, which are called
Mamertini. Also the Cape Drepanum ; the Colony Tau-
rominium, formerly called Naxos; the River Asines; the
Mountain ^Etna, wonderful for its Fires in the Night ; the
Cavity (Crater) of it is in Compass two Miles and a half;
the burning Ashes thereof fly as far as to Taurominium and
Catana : but its crashing Noise may be heard as far as to
Maron, and the Hills Gemellis. There are also, the three
Rocks of the Cyclops ; the Port of Ulysses, the Colony
Catana ; the Rivers Symethum and Terias : within the Isle
the Fields Laestrigonii. The Towns Leontini and Megaris :
the River Pantagies : the Colony Syracusae, with the Foun-
tain Arethusa. Also, there are other Springs in the Territory
of Syracusa that yield Water for drink, as Temenitis, Archi-
demia, Magaea, Cyan, and Milichie. The Port Naus-
tathmos, the River Elorum, the Promontory Pachynum :
and on this Front of Sicily, the River Hirminium, the Town
Camarina, the River Helas, and Town Acragas, which our
Countrymen have named Agrigentum. The Colony Thermae :
Rivers, Atys and Hypsa : the Town Selinus : and next to it
the Promontory Lilybaeum, Drepana, the Mountain Eryx.
The Towns Panhormum, Solus, Hymetta with the River,
Cephaloedis, Aluntium, Agathirium, Tyndaris a Colony, the


178 History of Nature. [BooK III.

Town Mylse ; and, whence we began, Pelorus. Within, of
Latin condition, the Centuripines, Netini, and Segestini.
Stipendiaries, Assarini, .ZEtnenses, Agyrini, Acestaei, and
Acrenses : Bidini, Citarii, Caciritani, Drepanitani, Ergetini,
Ecestienses, Erycini, Eutellini, Etini, Enguini, Gelani, Gala-
tani, Halesini, Ennenses, Hyblenses, Herbitenses, Herbes-
senses, Herbulenses, Halicyenses, Hadranitani, Iinacarenses,
Ichanenses, Jetenses, Mutustratini, Magellini, Murgentini,
Mutyenses, Menanini, Naxii, Nooeni, Pelini, Paropini, Phin-
thienses, Semellitani, Scherrini, Selinuntii, Symaetii, Tala-
renses, Tissinenses,Triocalini, Tiracienses, Zanchaei belonging
to the Messenians in the Straits of Sicily. Islands bending
to Africa : Gaulos, Melita, from Camerina, 84 Miles ; and
from Lilybaeum, 113: Cosyra, Hieronesus, Caene, Galata,
Lopadusa, ^Ethusa, which others have written ^Egusa ; Bu-
cina, and 75 Miles from Solus, Osteodes : and opposite the
Paropini, Ustica. But on this Side Sicily, opposite the
River Metaurus, about 12 Miles from Italy, seven others
called JEoliae. The same Islands belonged to the Liparaei,
and by the Greeks were called Hephaestiades, and by our
People, Vulcaniae ; ^oliae, also, because ^Eohts reigned there
in the Time that Ilium flourished.

Of Lipara.

LIPARA, with a Town of Roman Citizens, so called from
King Liparus, who succeeded ^Eolus, but before that named
Melogonis, or Meligunis, is twelve Miles from Italy ; and is
itself somewhat less in Circuit. Between it and Sicily there
is another, formerly named Therasia, now Hiera, because it
is sacred to Vulcan, wherein there is a Hill that casteth up
Flames in the Night. A third is named Strongyl, a Mile
from Lipara, lying toward the Sun-rising, wherein JEolus
reigned ; and it differeth from Lipara only in that it sendeth
forth more lively Flames : by the Smoke thereof the People

BOOK III.] History of Nature. 179

of that Country are said to tell, three Days before-hand 1 ,
what Winds will blow : from whence it is commonly thought,
that the Winds were obedient to JEolus. A fourth is named
Didym&, less than Lipara : and a fifth, Ericusa : a sixth,
Phoenicusa, left to feed the Rest that are next to it : the last
and least is Euonymus. And thus much concerning the first
Gulf that divideth Europe.

Of Locri, the Front of Italy.

AT Locri beginneth the Front of Italy, called Magna
Graecia, retiring itself into three Bays of the Ausonian Sea ;
because the Ausones first occupied it. It extendeth eighty-
two Miles, as Varro testifieth ; but the greater Number of
Writers have made it but seventy-two. In that Coast are
Rivers without Number; but the Things which are worth
the writing of near Locri, are these : Sagra, and the Vestiges

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