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NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE




SUMMER 1957



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THE GLEANER



,^\S^r




M NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE

DOYLESTOWN, BUCKS COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA



Vol. LIV



SUMMER, 1957



No. 4



Lei the farmer for evermore he honored in his calling, for they who
labor in the earth are the chosen people of God.

Thomas Jefferson
CONTENTS
REGULAR FEATURES Page

Consider That Farm Woodland 8-9

Editorial 5

Students from Foreign Land 13

Hijacked Humor 14-15

SPECIAL FEATURES

Exodus 4

Roses 6

New Faces on Campus 7

Consider That Farm Woodland 8-9

The Battle Against Brucellous 10-11

What is Landscape Design 12

Farming as a Way of Life 16

A Short, Short Story 17

Agriculture as a Way of Life 17

ON THE COVER

Farm Number Three, the Scene of Great Activity
for the Animal Husbandry Men



Staff

CHARLES KLEIN EDITORS-IX-CHIEF FRANK WOJTOWICZ, JR.

Associate Editors — Hunt Ashbv and Joe Shinn

Sports — Walt Kendzierski, Tom Watson

Business Staff —

Business Manager . . Philip Winkie

Ad\ertising . . . . Al Dolinskv, Malcolmn McCarty, William Orem.

Typing Dick Salisbury, Norman Dornsin, Joseph R. Kuhta.

Art Lew Seidenberg, Walt Kiendzienski.

Contributing Staff — Ben Sna\ ely, Alan Carp, Gil Finkel, Tom Dall, Hunt Ashby, Richard Schadt, Joe Siat -
kowski, Joe Sardone, Da\e Bogwoky, Da\ id Kantner.

Photo Staff — Santiago Fonseca, Tom Brennan, Alan Dolinsky.

Photo Credits — Maddox Studio, John Lawrence & U.S.D.A.

Facult\ Ad\isors — R. D. Forbes, Daniel Miller, Donald M. Meyer.

The Gleaner is published drroughout the school year by the student body of the National Agricultural College.
Entered as second class matter at the Post Office at Doylestown, Pa. Subscription rate — $1.50 per year.



SUMMER 1957



PAGE THREE



EXODUS



1 was ne\ er really able to figure my
mother s moods out. She's from north-
ern Europe— Lithuania— and this would
explain a lot to anybody that is a stu-
dent of the immigrants from northern
Europe. Unfortunately, I am no such
student, and as I said, I have never
been able to figure her moods out. Oh,
1 knew that certain things would make
her mad; like pushing the sofa up
against the li\ing room wall, so that
when my uncle came in and sat down,
and on getting bored of the conversa-
tion allowed his head to bob back,
asleep, leaving when he arose, a small
dark spot on the wallpaper. There
were many such spots on the living
room wall, for inevitably, the sofa
wovmd up at the end of the evening
against the wall. There was no rug un-
der it, and whenever anybody dropped
down into it, it slid back an inch. And
so an inch at a time, it meandered
restlessly to its place by the wall.

I know that made her mad, and I
know several things that made her
glad. That isn't what I mean, there
was a certain mood she had, wherein
she would tell us ( my older brother
and myself) about her life in Europe.
I liked to hear those stories; about my
Grand parents, and how they lived.
Never a bonus for being a "good
boy;" never because an old friend
dropped in for a visit, or died; they
just seemed to come out, never fre-
quently enough it seemed to me. Yet
there was nothing we could ever do
to increase the periodicity. We never
paid attention more closely; no
preacher ever had a more mindful
audience, no professor more ardent
students than my mother had in us.

I liked best the story of the E.xodus,
or perhaps more correctly the escape,
from the small town a few miles from
Vilna, the Capital.

My Uncle, the one whose head-
spots dot out living room walls, has
been in America for several years,
having been preceded by three broth-
ers, and a sister, all older than him-
self. The next in line to come across
was his little sister, sixteen year old
Gittle— the closest American equiva-
lent would probably be Gertrude. My
Uncle took his savings of about $400,
and decided to go after her, rather
than have her come over by herself.
My mother knew nothing of this; she
knew only that someday she would
get to America. How, and when, she



never bothered to think about— she
knew only that one da\' she would
be here.

Comunications across the Atlantic,
in those days, were slow, and at best,
very uncertain. My uncle couldn't be
bothered. After he had decided to go,
he took the first ship to Europe, tour-
ist class. The time he chose to go was
a fortunate one; there was a lull in
the skirmishes between the Russians
and the Gennans, and the Gennans
and the Poles. Passage in those days
was rough even for the rich; for the
tourist it was miserable. The cabins
were large, resembling airplane hang-
ers. The tourist slept dormitory style.
There were always too many people
for a given area of deck space, the
bunks were too low and too high,
depending on whether you slept on
top or bottom, the food too cold, and
never enough for a working man, used
to European farm-type cooking. In
three weeks, he arrived at Le Ha\ re.

The farmers in the villages around
Vilna were restless. It was already a
year since the Gennans had liberated
them, and their livestock from the
Russians. In truth, they were liber-
ated, and welcomed the German
soldiers. The Germans are a clean peo-
ple, and the German soldier brought
with him his traditional cleanliness.
Toilet facilities were built, and the
fanners forced to Tise them. The town
baths were opened weekl) , rather
monthly. Anny medical facilities were
at the public service. All of this was
too good to be true. My mother de-
cided to leave, while she was still able,
and before the Poles decided that the
Germans had been there long enough.

She had some money, very little,
sa\ed from before the liberation. Her
father had gi\ en her a few coins ever\-
week to give to the girl who milked
the cows on the sabbath. The girl
came from a less religious family, and
one day realized that surely if she
didn't milk the cows, the cows wouldn't
be milked. She demanded the money,
and also part of the milk. She should
have known my mother better. She
got neither. My mother milked the
cows while my Grandfather prayed,
and saved the pennies, she knew not
for what. Now the time for leaving
home was at hand, and so she left. To
go where? Since the Germans were in
occupation, there was really only one
place to go.



A gregarious type, as the Northern
European farmer is, it was only a short
time before almost everyone on the
train knew her, and only a very short
time later that they knew where she
was from, where she was going, and
how she intended to get there. The
listeners were sincerely interested,
and would have helped, if they could.
They too, however, were going, or
coming from someplace worse, trying
to get to someplace better. Besides,
they would ask, what could a farmer
do? A farmer could only wait and see.
And so, they all listened, and then
told their story, and then waited.

The line ended at a small town on
the border. Another train was sup-
posed to be there to met them. Train
connections in those days were even
worse than they are today; it would
not be there for several days perhaps
a week. It had developed engine
trouble when a bomb exploded in the
fire box. These things were more or
less common, and almost expected at
an international border. There being
no other choice, they settled down, to
wait for the connecting train.

In the wanderings about the small
rail-road town, my mother chanced to
talk with a woman who made it a
practice to meet the trains as thev
arrived, perhaps hoping that a rela-
tive would someday come to visit her.
She talked to the passengers, and got
her news in that fashion, in the United
States she would perhaps be called a
gossip. I would prefer to call her
"interested." She certainly shared her
news, with anyone that would listen.
My mother listened.

She talked of many things; of the
Germans, the Poles, and people on the
train. She talked of a young man,
spending American money, who un-
doubtedly came by it dishonestly be-
cause he bore no American accent.
She talked of how he spent his monev-
( "as if it were homemade " ) and where
he was going. He was on his way to
\'ilna to see his sister. Vly mother
pressed the story— she knew most of
the people in her locale, and could
think of no one who had a crook for a
brother. It was my Uncle, gone to
Vilna the same day that my mother
had arrived, and indeed on the same
train.

There was no telegraph: it had long

since been torn down in the fighting.

(continued on page 18)



THE GLEANER



EDITORIAL



COMMENTS. . . .



1 HE SUMMER months are upon us as
the last issue of the Gleaner goes to
press for the college year 1956-57.
Looking back we find that the maga-
zine has had a rather tiying time in
relation to meeting publication dates.
Usually, the summer issue is pub-
lished before the end of classes in May.
but due to circumstances be\ond the
student control, we are a little late
this year. Howo\er, the entire staff
working on the magazine hopes that
the enjoyment obtained from this
issue will be as great, and perha^^s
greater than from past issues.

While planning the fourth issue, a
question was raised b\' one of the staff
members as to how much the average
student at N. A. C. knows about the
workings of the Gleaner. For instance,
how do we obtain and develop arti-
cles; who checks and criticizes the
issue layout before it is sent to the
printers; and lastly, how is the maga-
zine paid for, and does it pa\' for it-
self?

Each issue that comes out has a for-
mat; by a format is meant a planned
set of articles that will appear in the
issue. The format is determined by the
editorial board of the magazine with
recommendations heard from the en-
tire staff of the Gleaner. Once the for-
mat has been determined, assignments
are drawn up and handed to students
willing to do the work.

Here is where our trouble begins.
There are generalh' two types of stu-
dents that \^'ill write and \\'ork for the
magazine.

The first student is the credit-getter;
he wants to make up his electixe cred-
its. Sometimes, it is fair to say this
individual is a \'ery conscientious
worker, loyal to the magazine.

The second person is a fellow who
works on the magazine just because he
likes to write; call this person what
you like, but he is the backbone of the
magazine. He is the t\'pe of guy that
one can call on to write a "rush"
article, and know that the manuscript



will be faithfulh" deli\ ered. He can be
confronted an\ time of the day to do
a reasonable task, and no "Hard-Luck
stories will be heard. Without these
fellows on the staff, N. A. C. would
not see four issues of the Gleaner pub-
lished a year.

Once the articles are written, the
most time-consuming job in the entire
publication process, the\ are proof-
read b\ the editors and members of
the staff. Mistakes are brought to
light, paragraphs rearranged, commas
taken out. and triteness side-tracked.
After they ha\e been proof-read, the
articles are sent to the t\pists, who
produce the "finished" product. Here
again, precious time is absorbed, be-
cause the scholastic load carried by
the a\erage student does not permit
him to spend as much time on an
e.xtra-curricular acti^■itv as he would
like.

After perhaps a week's time, the
newh-typed manuscripts are in the
hands of the editors, who give them a
second check for correctness and clar-
ity.

The next step in the e\olution of an
issue is to ha\e the articles reviewed
by Mr. Forbes, who is one of the
Gleaner faculty advisors.

Of the facult)' ad\"isors. he carries
the most important job. for he criti-



calh' appraises our English. The assis-
tance that Mr. Forbes has gi\en the
magazine is not generally known to
the student on campus. He has devot-
ed much time to it, and has been in-
strumental in bringing the Gleaner
up to the le\el that it commands today.

Dean Meyer is next in line to e.\-
amine the articles. He makes sure that
the manuscripts are written in a fash-
ion that will not bring dishonor or
criticism upon the college, or any in-
dividual in it. He must see that a high
standard is maintained by all articles
appearing in each issue.

As editors, we now get the articles
bearing red pencil marks; signatures
of various officials of the college; and
bent corner pages! After we unsnarl
the red-tape that encircles the articles,
the printers receive the manuscripts
and initiate the process which will
terminate in the published magazine
being deli\ ered to you, the student.

This, basically, is the way each issue
you get is put together. The Gleaner
is paid for by the money obtained
from "ads" placed in the magazine,
and publication fees paid by the stu-
dent. Any deficit by the college.

A lot of comments ha\'e been made

on the Gleaner. Some commentators

ha\e said that the "management is

(continued on jxij^e 16)



SC ENTIFIC


AGRICULTURE


Demands


ACCURATE


INSTRUMENTS


Farm Levels


Gurley Transits


Rods Rar


ige Poles Tapes


Polylog Slide Rules |


J. H. WEIL 6l CO.


4. 1332 Cherry S/.


Philadelphia 7, Pa.


LOcust 7-4900



SUMMER 1957



ROSES



R



OSES are one of the most favored
and popular flowers in America today.
They \\a\e been rightly named the
"Queen of Flowers" — the Number 1
flower grown today. The\' enjoy wide
popularity because there is consider-
able di^elsity and contrast among the
species. Theie is a foim to suit e\en'
Uaiden and e\ei\ <i<udenei



by Tom Ball '58




Charlotte Armstrong,
a red-ilowered hybrid tea.

The most popular species grown to-
day is the Hybrid Tea. The flowers
of the Hybrid Teas vary from thin,
few-petaled forms to large, full flow-
ers with symetrical centers. Some have
the "old fashioned" fragrance, some
have tea and fruit-like scents, while
others are practically without per-
fume. All colors exist e.vcept the true
blues and violets.

The outstanding merits of the H. T.
are that they combine the ever-bloom-
ing quality of the Teas with the hard-
iness of the Hybrid Perpetuals, and
have added to the color range of both.



Some of the outstanding Hybrid
Teas include Peace (yellow with pink-
blush ) , Chrysler Imperial ( dark red ) .
Mojave (orange), and Tiffany (clear
pink ) .

The Floribundas are a relativeh-
new class of roses which were first in-
troduced less than 20 years ago. This
class exhibits highly desirable garden
qualities including hardiness, compact
shrubby growth, long blooming per-
iod, and the production of thick clus-
ters of moderately to quite double
blossoms of Hybrid Tea size. The
plants are vigorous and easy to grow,
the flowers look well on them and are
also good for cutting, and the color
range thus far available is generous
and beautiful. Among the outstand-
ing Floribundas are Jiminy Cricket
(tangerine-red). Ma Perkins (pink).
Fashion (red), and the Pinocchio ser-
ies (wide color range).

In addition to the two foregoing
there are also numerous other classes
such as the "old-fashioned" roses, ram-
blers, climbers, and the new Grandi-
flora class, which all enjoy consider-
able popularity and are of use by the
landscapist.

The culture of roses is relativeh"
simple. They should be given the best
soil possible (for good roses cannot be
produced on poor soil). A good rule
to go by: "Any soil which will produce
good vegetables will produce good
roses." They need an abundance of
water, but the ground must not be
soggy. They like plent\- of fresh air
and regular feeding with any good
rose food. Chose a location which gets
a minimum of 6 hours of sun daily and
has some protection from strong win-
ter winds.

Seasonal care consists mainly of
keeping the beds cultivated at all
times. Water when the weather is dry,
soaking the ground deeply and culti-
vating the surface as soon as it dries.
Roses should be pruned annually,
preferably in the early spring to check
canker infections. Roses may bv
pruned lightly one year ( remove weak
canes and cut main canes back to 18
inches) and pruned heavily (remove



all secondar\- growth and cut per-
manent canes back to 6 inches) the
succeeding \ear. This system will pro-
duce an abundance of roses one year
and fewer, but larger blooms the next
year. This method would also pro-
duce an excellent branching system.

There are several insects and dis-
eases which attack roses, but if a reg-
ular control program is followed, there
should be little trouble. The only thing
to remember is to care for them regu-
larly, not spasmodically.




Black spot disease on rose leaflets. As these
spots increase m size they often run together
and cover the entire leaflet. Severely infect-
ed leaves fall from the plant. When black
spot is unchecked it may almost defoliate
the rose plant.



Black spot of roses is perhaps the
most widely distributed of all rose dis-
eases, practically all varieties being

(continued on -page 18)



THE GLEANER



NEW FACES ON CAMPUS



by Hunt Ashby '58
Richard Scheldt 58



T
1 h



HE Gleaner spotlight proudly fo-
cuses on one of the latest comers to
the N. A. C. campus — Mr. Richard
Bateman, friendly and popular instruc-
tor in Ornamental Horticultiue.

Mr. Bateman, who is a native of




MR. RICHARD BATEMAN

Pennsyhania, was born on Februar\-
23, 1928, near Abington. Throughout
his early bo\hood, Mr. Bateman tra-
\eled a great deal with his parents
along the eastern seaboard, and li\ed
in many interesting cities, including
Washington, D. C. The Bateman fam-
ily finally terminated its travels and
returned to Philadelphia, Pa. There
Richard began his high school days
by attending Central High. In his
sophomore \ear his parents mo\ed
once again and he was transferred to
Whitpain High School, near Ambler,
Pa. Mr. Bateman remained at Whit-
pain until his graduation, after which
he enrolled in Pennsyhania State Uni-
\ ersity, and majored in ornamental
horticulture under Professor Meale.
After attending Penn State for one and
one-half )'ears, he was called to acti\e
duty in the United States Marine
Corps. In the Corps, Mr. Bateman was
advanced to the position of Non-Com-
missioned Officer in charge of the For-
estry Department at the Cherrypoint
Naval Air Station, North Carolina.



Once out of the Corps with an hon-
orable discharge, he found a position
at the Southampton Nurseries in the
retail and design departments. Al-
though he remained at the nursery for
two and one-half years, he did not
particularly care for this type of work
and consequently chose Washington
Crossing State Park as his ne.xt posi-
tion. There he was named assistant
superintendent o\'er forestry and
water at the park.

Soon after his discharge from the
Marine Corps in 19.53, Mr. Bateman
acquired another interesting position
— head of a household, for he married
at that time.

Meanwhile, in the midst of all these
endea\ors, he bought a fifty-four acre
farm in New Britain, Pa. Using the
land that he acquired through this
purchase, he and his father-in-law.
Mr. Melvin Whitworth, went into a
nursery business partnership that is
presently still in existence.

In the summer of '56, Mr. Bateman
was offered a job at N. A. C. which he
immediately accepted. Today, when
asked what his plans for the N. A. C.
campus are, he described them as
"improving the ornamental depart-
ment and also completely landscap-
ing the campus."

Looking into the future, we under-
stand that he definitely intends to
continue his education and ultimately
recei\e his degree. At the New Brit-
ain Nursery he would like to develop
a flourishing wholesale business.

N. A. C. welcomes you, Mr. R.
Bateman, and would like to wish you
the best of luck in all your future
plans.



h.



lXOther new face to the N.A.C.
ciimpus this >"ear is that of Dr. Jonas
\\'. Bucher. Dr. Bucher, who was born
and spent his boyhood in the rich agri-
cultural Lancaster County, Pennsyl-
\ania, comes to us from Temple Uni-
\ersity.

Dr. Bucher first attended Millers-
\ ille State Teachers College where he
was president of his senior class, and
a member of the Rex Club. This was



a club of the past presidents of the
various societies.

Later he attended Ursinus College.
From there he went to the University
of Pennsylvania where he received his
Ph. D. in 1939. There he was a mem-
ber of the Kappa Phi Kappa, and Phi
Delta Kappa fraternities.

Dr. Bucher then taught and did ad-
ministrative work at Temple Uni^■er-
sity. He is a member of the Temple
Uni\ersity Chapter of American As-
sociation of University Professors.

Dr. and Mrs. Bucher reside in Glen-
olden, a Philadelphia suburb. He has
three sons: Dr. Robert Bucher, who is
a member of the faculty of the Tem-
ple University Medical School and is
on the surgical staff of the hospital;
Dr. John H. Bucher, a psychiatrist,
who is medical director of the Blue
Hill Retreat Sanitarium at Sunburv,




DR. JONAS W. BUCHER

Pennsyhania; and Mr. William R.
Bucher, an insurance undei writer for
the Insurance Company of American
at its Detroit office.

In speaking of N.A.C, Dr. Bucher
says, "I began work here in October
of last year, and I am impressed with
possible future de\elopment of the
college."



SUMMER 1957



PAGE SEVEN



Consider That Farm Woodland



by R D. Foiha



o.



'f the million acres which the 1950
Census of Agriculture reported were
in farms in the six New England
States, and in Delaware, Maryland,
New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and West
Virginia, 34 percent were wooded. In
these States 470,000 farmers, or 61 per-
cent of all farmers, were owners of
commercially valuable woodland, ac-
cording to the Timber Resources
Review of the Forest Service, United
States Department of Agriculture,
published in 1955.

Any crop occupying V.-; of the land
owned by farmers in the northeastern
United States is worthy of considera-
tion here at National Agricultural Col-
lege. Today, largely because it is near-
ly 100 percent a "volunteer" crop —
sprung up without any "by-your-
lea\'e" of the farmer, and maturing
with scarcely more attention than pj-o-
tection against fires and grazing —




^W!'«f :il*^C^. "^^'^^^'v S'-V?"^'''^





A 21-inch (diameter at breast height) black oak seed
tree. The two beeches left standing behind it protect it
from windfall.



A seedling at b'ack cak ccmes up in an opening created
by cutting the rr.ature trees.



it is an unappreciated crop. So let's
take a look at it. The same advances
in technolog)' which in the last 50
years have raised agriculture from an
art to a science, and incidentally have
developed a school into a college on
our campus, ha\e combined with eco-
nomic changes to increase its poten-
tialities.

I believe that no crop on American
farms has risen more rapidly, or more
permanently, in value than sawtim-
ber. When I graduated from the Yale
forest school less than .50 years ago, if
a forest owner could obtain SIO per
1000 boai-d feet on the stump for any
species of tree, e.xcept perhaps white
oak, he was fortunate. Fi\e dollars
per 1000 feet would have been nearer
the average value in the Northeast. In
the last 15 years, as an consulting for-
ester, I have sold for my forest-owning
clients oak, ash, and yellow (tulip)



THE GLEANER



poplar stumpage at $.30 to 840 per
1000 board feet, and no species of
native trees at less than $11.

Note that these figures are for
stumage, that is, for trees as they stand
in the owner's woods. Raising them
did not cost the farmer-owner a cent.
He had not plo\\'ed or harrowed the
ground; he hadn't remo\ed a rock or
boulder from it. He had not seeded or
planted the trees. He had applied ne\ -


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