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than in 1949, when it took up 8% of
the orange crop. Retail prices of most
canned fruit and fruit juices will be
lower. In 1949, the total fresh and pro-
cessed fruit consumption per person
was 210 pounds.



Livestock

In 1950 the outlook for meat animals
indicates that more hogs will be raised
and therefore, more pork produced.
There will be more cattle on farms and
a reversal of the decline in numbers of
sheep and lambs. Meat production is
likely to set a peacetime record and meat
consumption per person may rise from
147 pounds estimated for 1949 to 150
pounds next year.

Dairy

Prices for dairy products will be lower
unless government purchases are in-
creased. Domestic supplies will be
greater than this year, while total de-
mand probably will be down somewhat.
Net income of dairy farmers is declin-
ing at a much more rapid rate than cash
receipts, since many costs have not ap-
preciably declined.

Poultry

Prices that farmers will receive for
eggs and chicks, including broilers, are
(continued on page 15)



There Ought To Be a Law

By John Toor '52



We realize that monthly exams are
almost as necessary a part of our college
education as are dances. In fact, most
of us would have a tough time deciding
which were more important. Of course
we would all prefer the exams, but in
order to become well rounded agricul-
turalists, we feel it is our duty to partici-
pate in the social phase of college life
as well. After all, what kind of farmers
would we be if we didn't know how to
swing our partners and do-si-do?

However, this ambivalence sometimes
creates a problem. That is, what happens
when we have a dance on Saturday and
an exam on Monday.' "What should the
conscientious student do? You are right,
but he can't do justice to the dance with
the exam on his mind, nor can he do
justice to his preparation for the exam
with the dance occupying the same
weekend.

For example, we can cite our recent
experience with one of these double
barreled weekends. A square dance was
scheduled for Saturday night and a
biochemistry exam for Monday. Realiz-

7



ing chemistry was our weak subject, we
started cramming Friday night and in
between classes Saturday morning. Un-
appropriately, the NAC — Glassboro
basketball game was played Saturday
afternoon and we couldn't let studying
interfere with school spirit. Dutifully,
we also attended the square dance and
had a very enjoyable Saturday evening.

"With the dance off our mind, we re-
turned to the joys of cramming biochem-
istry and took the exam Monday with
only fourteen hours preparation. (Not
enough for biochemistry. ) "When we
awoke Tuesday, we yelled for "Pinky"
and found that our temperature was
103^ F. At the present time we are tak-
ing penicillin and gathering strength
for a Forage Crops exam next week.

Now, we don't contend that the "Virus-
X had anything to do with the biochem-
istry exam or dance either, for that
matter. However, we do feel that there
ought to be a law against an exam on a
Monday following a dance weekend.
"We miss so many classes recuperating.



MARRIAGE AND COLLEGE



By Jay Herose '50



Here it is, only fifty days until gradu-
ation and we've started to look back
upon our past four years of college life.

For most of us, the days were contin-
ual hours of carefree enjoyment, with a
little study scattered throughout. College
life was merely a routine mastered in
short order, consisting mainly of eating
and sleeping.

■While the majority of us frittered
away those eight semesters, a few started
building toward the future. Perhaps
they took a more realistic attitude than
the rest of us; perhaps they were more
mature, but they started on the road to-
ward the ultimate goal in life — marriage
and a family. These added responsibil-
ities necessitated, in a number of cases,
outside work to augment the G.I. Bill.

As you can well realize, it's tough
enough to go through college if you've
got to live on the "Bill" alone, without
keeping up a home. One of the married
men, Dick Reeves, played varsity basket-
ball and football and worked on a farm
in his spare time. ""What spare time?" —
This could well be the question to ask
ourselves.

Getting down to cases, six of the
fifty-six members of the Senior class are
married, two of them, only recently.

Twenty-seven year old, Russell
Mease, a dairy husbandry major who
transferred here two years ago from
Penn State, is the man with the most
family experience. He has been married
for four and one-half years, and is the
father of two boys, Ronnie and Allen.
He manages Ballymartin Farms in
Pleasant "Valley, Pa., a 250 acre general
farm. Russ, who put in three and one-
half years in the A A F, serving in the
E T O for a good part of the time, finds
that he doesn't have enough time to get
both his studies and work done to his
satisfaction, but we think that it's just
a bit of modesty since Russ is a good
student here at the college.

Richard Reeves, twenty-three, stel-
lar center for the Aggie cagemen for the
past four seasons, has been married for
three years, and already has someone to
carry on the family name in Richard Jr.
Dick finds it hard to get along on the
G.l. Bill alone, and works whenever he
has spare time. He's a good farmer, too.



John Reed and Joe Fulcoly, two
poultry majors, run White Eagle Farm,
taking care of 1300 birds for Hugo
Bezdek, former athletic director here. In
addition, John is a flock supervisor for
the "Wallace Hy-cross Hatcheries, at
Cross Keys. He keeps tabs on the man-
agement of the Hy-cross chicks. Both
men have been on the Poultry Judging
team, and are active in the Poultry So-
ciety. Joe is a varsity football and
baseball player. John has already started
his family with a bouncing lil' fella,
"Willie by name.

Don Burgoon, the only ornamental
major in this group, a twenty-seven year
old A A F man who served in India,
Burma and Africa, is next on our list.
He has been married for two years, and
is now working for the Harness Con-
struction Company at "Warrington. Don
helps out on a poultry farm on weekends
and in his spare time.



Jeff Steinman and Sid Rothman
are the remaining two married seniors.
Both got "hitched" within six days of
one another during the past Christmas
vacation. Jeff, a former marine with
service in the South Pacific, now works
on a hog farm near Chalfont, where he
lives. Sid is living in Philly, and com-
mutes daily.

As a group, these men are getting
better than average grades, with the
mean on a "B" level. They are more than
holding their own as far as scholarship
is concerned, and each one of them is
active within his own major.

We congratulate these men who have
taken on simultaneous responsibilities of
marriage and college. Apparently mar-
ried life seems to have stimulated these
men, because all are well satisfied that
they are on the right road toward future
happiness.



WHAT AFTER JUNE?

(continued from page 4)

Self boss — owning own farm or busi-
ness 12

Selling — salesman of feed, machinery,
chemicals, etc 8

Agricultural Workers — dairy, beef, other
farms, greenhouses 6

Teaching — vocational agriculture . . 4

Inspection service — food products . . 3

Government workers — soil conservation-
ists 2

Undecided 2

Breaking down the employment
classifications further, we found that
nineteen men would be actively engaged
in farming, either as farm owners or
tenant farmers. Fourteen of the nineteen
expect to buy land to start off. Ten of
the nineteen said that they expected to
receive monetary assistance from their
families.

Hitting a little closer to home, fifty of
the class were evenly divided between
"much " and "some" as to the extent that
8



their college education has prepared
them for their respective vocation. Only
three men said that their education here
prepared them little for their vocations.

Thirty of the fifty-three men ques-
tioned regarding the items of most
value to them during their four year
course, answered that the proper com-
bination of theory and practice, coupled
with field trips, the summer employment
practicum and extra curricular activities
were the things that helped them most.

Some of the men expressed the need
for someone in an advisory capacity to
guide those who might have been un-
decided during the course of their ed-
ucation. Others felt that a lack of lab-
oratory facilities and instructors slowed
down the educative processes. A few
men indicated the need for general
improvement, but on the whole, it
seemed to us that general satisfaction
was the rule, rather than the exception.

The survey indicated to us that the
members of the class of '50 had some
definite ideas concerning their future,
and that most had taken some steps to
prepare themselves to face the world
after graduation in June.



WHO'S WHO ON THE FACULTY

PAUL R. BOWEN, HEAD OF BIOLOGY DEPARTMENT, A.B., M.S., Ph.D.



By Jack Peknatin '50



Bi)rn, reared, and liaving received his
early education in the agricultural sec-
tion of central Indiana, Dr. Paul R.
Bowen, Head of the Biology Depart-
ment and Dean of the future Gradu-
ate School, has become an integral part
of the college having had a hand in its
start as a college and having been with
it since its transformation from a
junior college into a senior college.

After graduating from Thorntown
(Indiana) High School, Paul Bowen,
in the year 1920, matriculated at De-
Pauw University, Greencastle, Indiana.
At DePauw he majored in biology and
minored in science and French. His
undergraduate work was so outstanding
that Dr. Bowen obtained nearly twice
the number of points required for grad-
uation, and was laboratory assistant in
the Biology Department during his
senior year.

During the summer of 1922, and
while he was still enrolled at DePauw,
Bowen attended Central Normal College
of Indiana, where he obtained the
necessary credits to teach in the public
schools of Indiana.

Although it may not seem so, his
career at DePauw University was not
one of continuous study, for he inter-
ested himself in many extra-curricular
activities. These included Lambda Chi
Alpha, one of the twelve national
fraternities on the campus, the Univer-
sity Biology Club, Glee Club, DePauw
Magazine staff, and the Y. M. C. A.

Graduating with an A. B. degree in
1925, Dr. Bowen accepted a position as
head of the biology department in the
public school at Newport, Washington.
Always taking advantage of every
opportunity to further his knowledge of
nature, Dr. Bowen often took trips into
the more remote regions of this North-
west country to observe the activity of
wild life.

Feeling the need for more information
on the more practical aspects of botany,
he spent a summer working on a large
fruit ranch located along the Snake
River in Southern Idaho.

Dr. Bowen spent two years at New-
port before he left to head the biology



department of Fergus High School,
Lewistown, Montana. This area afforded
our adventurous instructor an excellent
opportunity to observe first hand the
operation of some of the largest copper
and sapphire mines in the world.

Realizing the values of an even
higher education. Dr. Bowen applied for
fellowships at some of the most famous
universities in the country, receiving
offers from Iowa, Nebraska, Illinois,
Chicago, Pennsylvania, Syracuse and
Yale. He chose to do his graduate work
at Yale, entering in the autumn of 1928
and receiving his master's degree in
the spring of 1929-

The thesis which enabled him to
obtain this degree was entitled, "A
Maple Leaf Disease Caused by Crist-
ulariella depraedaus." The work done
on this project was of such a high
caliber that it was not only published as
a bulletin by the Connecticut Agricul-
tural Experiment Station, but was also
published in various American and
European scientific journals.

Our biology professor then re-entered
Yale to study for his doctorate. To help
him gain this goal, he was awarded the
Eaton Scholarship by Yale and held an
assistantship in the Department.

While studying for this degree, Pro-
fessor Bowen did research on fungi oc-
curring on pines, under Dr. J. S. Boyce.

Since these fungi were comparatively
new, his work was published in English
and then translated into German, Dutch,
Danish, Norwegian, and Swedish. As
a result he came into contact with, and
corresponded with many famous Euro-
pean pathologists.

At Yale, Dr. Bowen received the
quadruple honor of being elected to
Sigma Xi, the National Scientific Frater-
nity and to Gamma Alpha; becoming a
fellow of the university for one year,
and being awarded a Sterling Research
Fellowship.

With his Ph.D. behind him, Dr.
Bowen accepted a position as Professor
of Biology at High Point College, High
Point, North Carolina. He remained
there for five years, from 1932 until
1937. During the summers he was a
9



visiting professor at AshviUe Teachers
College.

Professor Bowen's first teaching posi-
tion in this section of the country was
at Beaver College, Jenkintown, Pa. He
headed the Biology Department there for
five years, then, in 1942, he obtained a
teaching position at Valley Forge Mili-
tary Academy.

In April of 1946, at the request of
President Work, Dr. Bowen accepted
the position as Head of the Science
Departments here. At that time the
National Farm School was about to be-
come a Junior College. Dr. Bowen was
influential in obtaining this transforma-
tion. He also acted as chairman of the
faculty.

During his industrious career as stu-
dent and teacher. Professor Bowen man-
aged to visit Mexico, Canada, Europe,
and every state in the union except
Maine to round out his wide spread in-
terests.

In 1944 he married the former Miss
Helene Baurele. They established their
residence at Wyncote in a home appro-
priately named "Dunn Roamin."

Among Dr. Bowen's numerous in-
terests and hobbies are: horseback rid-
ing, color photography, gardening,
landscaping, piano playing and the rais-
ing of English Springer Spaniels for
show. The latter hobby is the one that
the students here at the college are most
familiar with, because "EstreUita" and
"Honey" are such familiar figures on the
campus. Recently a third canine "Mel-
ody," has been added to this rapidly
growing family.

In addition Dr. Bowen still finds time
to write articles for Science Magazine
and the Journal of Botany, deliver talks
CO the Pennsylvania Academy of
Science and various garden clubs; be a
member of the Yale Club of Philadel-
phia, and Botanical Society of America;
and sponsor the Kennel Club here on
campus.

With ail this wealth of background
in one individual it is plainly evident
that we here at the college have an ex-
ceptionally fine opportunity to learn a
great deal from such a person.



"A'' DAY MAY 6th

Qreatest Agricultural Show in Bucks County Planned



A few more weeks, and the greatest agricultural show in Bucks County will

take place when the student body of the National Agricultural College present the

second edition of their annual "A" Day program on May 6th at the college campus.

The first show, staged last spring, was ^



a hugh success as over 1000 visitors
flocked to the school to see the colorful
displays and exhibits. What has now be-
come an annual event is expected to
triple the attendance of last year as
visitors from Pennsylvania, New Jersey,
and New York are expected at this
year's exhibition at which time over
$600 in cash and prizes as well as rib-
bons will be awarded to the winners of
the various contests.

The 1950 show is sponsored by a com-
mittee representing every student or-
ganization on the campus and has been
dedicated to the class of '50. The entire
coordination of this affair comes under
the able guidance of Charles Martin, a
senior major in Agricultural Education.
The faculty advisor to "A" Day is Pro-
fessor Plevan, advisor of all agricultural
organizations at N A C.

Work on "A" Day began last Sep-
tember when plans were drawn up and
the machinery set into motion for a
bigger and better show. To bring out
this huge crowd, a gigantic publicity
campaign is now underway over the
major radio networks in Philadelphia
and vicinity, together with stories in
the two major Philadelphia papers and
rhe Bucks County publications to appear
in a few days. Five thousand circulars
are now being distributed in this area
and the individual college clubs are
sending out special invitations to various
outside groups.

The departments represented in this
year's "A" Day will be Dairy, Animal
Husbandry, Poultry, Horticulture, Ag-
ronomy, Photography, Art, Engineering
and Education. This year, local machin-
ery dealers are being invited to set up
displays of their equipment lines. Re-
freshment booths will be set up to pro-
vide the visitors with soft drinks and
snacks. Adequate parking will be avail-
able, and an information booth will be
set up to guide visitors and answer
questions.

Only weeks away, "A" Day — May 6th
is expected to be this year's Red Letter
Day for Bucks County Agriculturists.



INDIVIDUAL CLUBS
PARTICIPATE

"A" Day is the one extensive com-
bination of all the college organizations
in their efforts to put forth their best
talent, skill and education.

Animal Husbandry

The Animal Husbandry Club com-
prises such auxiliary organizations as
the Dairy Goat Society and the Kennel
Club. Together with the other groups,
they will exhibit and show horses, steers,
hogs, goats, and dogs in an arena set up
on the main field opposite the Adminis-
tration building. ( An added feature will
be a competitive class of jumpers in ac-
tion as a part of the horse exhibit. ) Mr.
Hopkms, international livestock show
exhibitor, will be one of the judges.
Dairy Husbandry

Another big exhibit is planned this
year by the Dairy Husbandry Club as
five classes of six animals each will be
judged: five year olds; four year olds;
senior yearlings; junior yearlings; and
senior calves. These animals will be
selected from the college herd and ex-
hibited by those students interested in
dairy husbandry. Mr. Adams, a prom-
inent Guernsey breeder, will be the head
judge. A group of F. F. A. boys from
neighboring high schools will judge two
of the classes. The winning team and
individuals will be awarded prizes and
trophies. The man exhibiting the Grand
Champion animal will be awarded a
registered calf from the college herd, and
reserve champion showman receiving a
pair of heavy duty clippers. The total
amount of prizes and cash to be awarded
by this club will be over S200.
Horticulture

"Horticulture Hall" is the theme of
the exhibit in the gym under the aus-
pices of the Horticultural Society. A
landscaped arrangement with spring as
its theme will be the center attraction.
The main exhibits to be featured are;
Orchid Exhibit; the reproduction of the
N A C Philadelphia Flower Show First
prize terrace garden; a Marketing Show;
a Floral Arrangement and Landscape
10



Model Plot Contests; and a "Little Hort"
theater showing movies and giving lec-
tures and demonstrations.

Outsiders will compete in the Floral
Arrangement Contest. Judges for the
show will include Mr. Blau, Head of
Ornamental Horticultural Department;
Mr. Schmieder, Professor of plant ma-
terials and plant sciences; Miss Ainmer-
man. Ambler School of Horticulture;
Mr. Strang, Philadelphia School of Floral
Design; and Miss Lintleman, Burpee's
Fordhook Farms.

Some of the awards will be plants,
fruit trees, soil testing kit, cash awards,
garden equipment and magazine sub-
scriptions totaling over §200 for partici-
pants in the horticultural exhibits.
Poultry

The Agricultural Engineering build-
ing will echo forth with the sound of
peeps and clucks as the Poultry Science
Club goes all out to bring another big
entry into this year's "A" Day Show.

The primary attraction will feature a
poultry judging contest with high school
students from Pennsylvania and New
Jersey entering into the judging.
Trophies and prizes will be awarded to
the winners. Judges for this event will
be Nate Sandler, Norm Schayer, and
Professor Lanson. Other interesting ex-
hibits will be; Pullorum Testing; Incu-
bation and Embryodic Development;
and a Brooding Exhibit. Over $150 in
prizes and cash awards will be distri-
buted by the Poultry Club to the winners
in the various exhibits and contests.
Other Organizations

The Art and Photography Groups will
use the student lounge to house their ex-
hibits in the form of a salon. The Pho-
tography Club is offering over $40 in
cash and prizes to the winners in the
various photography contests.

The Agricultural Education Group
will have various visual aids coupled
with demonstrations as their part in "A"
Day.

Refreshments will be handled by the
varsity club in booths set up along the
main drive.

With all these organizations uniting
their efforts for "A" Day, another great
show will have been given by the Na-
tional Agricultural College.



THE STUDENT BODY OF N A C

presents

_Xr oDai^ .... 11 11 Iciu Gth



f



At the National Agricultural College Campus, Form School, Bucks County, Pa.

GROUPS PARTICIPATING

Animal Husbandry Horticulture

Dairy Husbandry Poultry

Agricultural Engineering Photography and Art

Agronomy Agricultural Education

Large commercial equipment and machinery displays by local dealers.




Two of the highlights of last year's "A" Day



SCHEDULE OF EVENTS PRIZES

o Tn in nn A /I/ r^ r- O^er $600 in cash and prizes

y;JU-IU:UU A.M Opening Ceremonies ^^ be awarded

10:00-12:00 Noon Dairy, Horticulture, Photography and Ribbons

r^ I Trophies

Art Judging Magazine Subscriptions

1 :00- 4:00 P M Judging of Other Animals Registered Calf

^ ^ Cash

4:00- 5:00 P.M Log Sawing Contest Garden Equipment

Poultry Equipment

5:00- 6:00 P.M Milking Contest- Dairy Equipment

11



IN DEFENSE OF LAZINESS



By Erwin Goldstein '51



This article iirst appeared in the
Reader's Guide to Contemporary Litera-
ture of South 'West Afghanistan. Soon
after the Guide's publication, it pro-
duced a violent reaction in the philoso-
phical world. In speaking of it, Marini,
world reknown authoritj' on Medieval
Tasmanian literature said "Great!" 'Wil-
liam B. Shearer, author of the Philoso-
phical History of the Javanese Shadow
Play and Its Effect on Latvian Foreign
Policy, has this to say: "Swell." Algie,
famous genetisist, and widely known for
his work on the breeding of tropical
spiders in Central Asia exclaimed.
'"Wonderful." The Gleaner, in keep-
ing with its fearless crusading policy of
championing little known, obscure, lost
causes, now presents what other larger
publications have snickered at or entirely
ignored.

Laziness a Virtue

Laziness is a virtue! Now don't get
indignant, all you hard working individ-
uals. If you busy little bees will just re-
lax, lean back, and take time out from
your labors, I'll explain myself.

'Where would civilization be if it were
not for the lazy person? I'll tell you
where we would be. People would still
be living in trees and caves, and howling
at the moon. Men would go plodding
their way through life, doing things the
hard way, breaking their backs in toil
and moving at the same snail's pace of
their fathers before them. In many re-
spects, laziness is synonomous with pro-
gress. If you will just think about it for
a while, I'm sure you'll agree with me.

The energetic man is content to labor
long and hard; in fact, he works so hard
that he seldom thinks of how to get the
work done more easily. Not so with
those who dread hard work! The lazy
man hates work and thrives on comfort;
therefore he tends to use his head to
save his heels. Rather than work hard,
he sits down and figures out ways to
make his work easier. From thoughts
such as these, progress has developed.
You can thank the lazy individual for
nearly every technological advancement
in history. Perhaps the reason our first
high civilizations arose in warm regions
was that people didn't feel like working
because of the climate.



A Look at Agriculture

Take a look at agriculture. 'Who first
had the idea of domesticating the horse.'
■Was it the fellow who staggered through
life dragging huge loads behind him,
smug and self satisfied ( a human ox ) .-'
No! It was the guy who was too lazy to
carry the load or pull the plow. He
objected to all this drudgery. So he
trained the horse to pull his burdens.
Today's farmer would be in a fine fix if
he still harvested grain with a sythe or


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