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Efje Cleaner



Vol. II



OCTOBER 1912



No. 2



Utterae

Lawrence W. Crohn, Editor.



Cfjemtetrp— STfje Jfounoation of %itt.



A few weeks ago the newspapers
contained the news that Dr. Paul
Walden, of Riga, Russia, predicted
that the next great feat of Chem-
istry would be the making of eggs
from air.

Dr. Walden, who is President-
elect of the Ninth International
Congress of Applied Chemistry, to
be held in St. Petersburg, Russia,
in 1915, further predicted that a
variety of nitrogenous foods would
be made from the air some day.
Not by sleight-of-hand, but Chem-
istry, says Dr. Walden.

" I consider it practically certain
that at no distant day we shall be
drawing food supplies from the
air," he said.

" Prof. Berthsen of Germany has
already succeeded in making the
simple compound nitrogen and
hydrogen. This shows that we
shall be able to make more complex
compounds.

" An egg is a complex compound
of nitrogen, oxygen, sulphur and
hydrogen. The chemical process
of the hen will be imitated in the



laboratory in the undertaking.
Formerly we were able to do very
little with the uncombined nitrogen
in the atmosphere. Now that we
are able to harness it, the possi-
bilities are wonderful."

While the ancient alchemist nev-
er found the fabled method of
transmuting the baser metals into
gold, the modern chemist has found
a thousand methods whereby rocks
may be turned into bread, air into
fertilizer, iron into liquid and other
things that have enriched human-
ity manifold more than the discov-
ery of transmutation could have
done. He has delved into the
mysteries of the millions of worlds
of the universe, and has found there
materials that the mineralogist
had never found, though it existed
before his own doorstep. He has
been able to do in his laboratory,
in a day, what required millions
of years in Nature's workshop.
With the knowledge he has gained
and applied, he has affected di-
rectly or indirectly the life of every
man, woman and child in the world.



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The chemist has revealed ten

thousand mysteries of Nature,
learned the lesson that each has
afforded, and then has applied
these lessons to humanity. His
science underlies every other science
in the category. Whether a man

physician, a newspaper man,
a farmer, an astronomer, an elec-
trician, or what not, back to the
chemist he traces many of the
fundamental features of his work.
Without a knowledge of Chemistry,
medicines could not be prob-
and compounded. The manu-
facture of this Gleaner, and the
ink with which it is printed, required
chemical knowledge. The farmer

; not have the advantage of
fertilizers but for Chemistry. The
electrician could never furnish light
for a city or cx;rrcnt for a telephone
but for the knowledge he or some
one before him has of Chemistry.

: we students could not have
the advantage of getting three
cartridges in our alimentary canal.
The astronomer and the geologist,
the men who give tis our great
discoveries of life-chemistry, the
men who release humanity from
the thraldom of epidemic disease,
all build upon a foundation of
Chemistry.

Without it the microscope which



reveals the mysteries of the unseen
world could not be made, and the
telescope, with which we explore
the infinite reaches of the universe
would never have been called into
use. W T hen the housewife uses a
yeast-cake to make bread, or
when the medical laboratory grows
germs to develop a toxin, they
borrow their principal operations
from the chemist. He can I
a lightning flash, and a htm
times over he has made two blades
of grass grow where one grew
before.

J \irc food can be known as such,
only by chemical analysis, as a
rule, and the modern chemists are
laboring in the direction of the
adoption of a uniform method of
food analysis to be used the world
over. Some of the methods of
analyzing foods are so simple
that a housewife may use them,
and other processes are so involved
that only the laboratory expert
can carry them out. The adoption
of standard methods of food analysis
for the whole world will make the
manufacturer in one country know
just what is necessary as a stand-
ard for his products to make it
stand the analyses of other coun-
tries.

— J. Rieur, '16




C



W$t (©leaner

JAMES WORK, Editor-in-Chief.

Lawrence W. Crohn, Literae. Martin Fereshetian, Agriculture.

Abe Witkin, Athletics. Lewis L. Redalia, Tales and Tattle.

Lewis P. Kravet, Exchange. Thaddeus Capek, Art.

BUSINESS STAFF
LOUIS I. HELFAND, Manager.

Edwin Johnson, Subscriptions. Abe Gordon, Advertisements.

Published Monthly by the Students in the Interest of the
NATIONAL FARM SCHOOL.
Address all Communications to Business Manager, Farm School,

Bucks Co., Pa.
Yearly Subscription $1.00 By Mail.

Cbttortal

Agriculture i& tfje Jf ounbattou of all
iubustrp*

"Of all paths a man could strike may they be envied. But it is

into, there is, at any given moment, not an enterprise for a false start

a best path for every man; a thing or for one of changeable mind,

which, here and now, it were of Neither is it one that requires little

all things wisest for him to do; training. "Agriculture is an art

which could he but be led or that renders those who understand

driven to do, he were then doing it rich, but leaves those who do

'like a man,' as we phrase it. not understand it, however much

His success, in such case, were they may labor in it, to live in

complete, his felicity a maximum, poverty," wrote Xenophon four

This path, to find this path, and hundred years before the coming

walk in it, is the one thing needful of Christ, and this definition still

for him." holds good. Many are the failures

Many find this path to be agri- due to inadequate knowledge of

culture ; wise are they, and well the subject, and many the successes



THE GLEANER



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due to the proper training and
experience.

There is now no doubt of the
value of college training in agri-
culture. It is absolutely needed
for one to make any marked success.
All of the agricultural colleges
have successful gradtiates. The
modern agriculture being much
more complex than that you prac-
tised years ago, the possibilities
for those who are properly trained
to make a success are far greater,
while the chance of failure is in-
creased a hundred-fold for him
who is not master of the situation.

No vocation requires more en-
thusiasm in the work than agri-
culture. Science and machinery
do not till the soil and produce
crops, that is, the kind of crops
conducive to success. It is the
man who is the ruling factor in
successful farming. The demand
for trained men has never been



greater than at present. The es-
tablishment of experiment stations
and high schools where agrieulture
is taught, and the expansion of
the colleges, opens a field wider
and more interesting than in any
other profession. Medicine, law
and engineering do not compare
with the prospects in agriculture.
But first know your path.

School Spirit. How it has
grown! After seeing the wonder-
ful fight put up on the gridiron
Saturday, against great odds, who
wouldn't have school spirit! It
is a team worth having an interest
in, and now we only hope they
will end up as they started.

The Literary Society has again
embarked on what we think will
be a good season. All those at all
interested should get in the work.
We wish it a most successfid term.



Autumn*



Yonder on the hillside the land-
scape is changing colors. The
transformation from the dark
green to the dull tinge of nakedness
is a beautiful picture. At a glance
one views here a clump of golden
shrubbery, and farther on the
faded leaves are already dried to
a crisp. All Nature is on the
wane; the sight betokens the com-
ing of Autumn.

The great lesson of this Fall
of the year is our utter dependence
upon Nature. The storing up for
the Spring of the year begins with
the first processes of decay. The
chill winds of this season and the



snow and ice of Winter overcome
all our natural conveniences and
the longing for Spring is untouched.
The dying leaves of Autumn fail
to dishearten man for he has faith
in the rejuvenation of Nature.
All turns upon our faith in Nature.
And only when man ackno vvledges
this primitive instinct will he
accomplish all that is latent in
his own nature. He must learn
that his own nature is but part of
a greater Nature. It is this rela-
tivity of all which reveals Nature
as a fact, and life a reality.

— L. W. C.



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THE GLEANER



Agriculture



Martin Fereshetian, Editor.



The city shade tree has to strug-
gle among adverse conditions and
unless our city people use more
care, it will not take many years
before the trees in the city will
be a thing of the past.

Lack of proper moisture and
aeration caused by macadamized
roads and sidewalks, gas, water,
telephone, sewers and other under-
ground systems, interfere with the
growth and health of the tree, to
say nothing of the possible local
injury to the branches by electrical
current.

The city administrators, espe-
cially those who like to see their
home town a "City Beautiful,"
should have inspectors, men who
understand the tree and its wants,
whose duty it shall be to see that the
trees are pruned properly, or, if
necessary, to bend back in the
case where the branches interfere
with buildings or wiring that the
cutting is done in such a way that
may be satisfactory for all parties
concerned, not forgetting that the
tree is also a factor in the equation.

The composition of and the
effect on the texture of pork when
fed different rations must be stud-
ied by the feeder, governed of
course by the market and demand.
The chemical nature and the texture
of fat in pigs of different stages



of growth are markedly different.
Experiments show that a grain
ration of oats, peas, barley, corn,
with dairy by-products give a
well grained and firm pork.

The time has passed when the
pig was fed anything and every-
thing; to get a good price you
must have good pork; to have
good pork you must have good,
clean feeds.

People are willing to pay enor-
mous prices for things not abso-
lutely necessary, yet, when it comes
to milk, they want it rich in butter
fat, clean, fresh, and sanitary with
a capital S. All well and good,
but why are they not willing to
pay for it? Milk is many times
cheaper than medium-priced meats
and as wholesome, if not more so.
Now, then, the question arises if the
farmer can produce milk of the
desired quality at the price he
gets at present. The consumer
must not look at the subject from
just his own standpoint, but give
the subject a thorough investi-
gation; and when once understood,
the solution of the much-heard
problem — the high cost of living —
will be solved.

Lower transportation rates in-
crease the facilities whereby the
producer and the consumer can
meet, and do you think that we



THE GLEANER



will ever hear that the nation is
on the verge of starvation?

We have as yet not reached
anywhere near the maximum rate
of production; we are not growing
a half of what can be grown in
this wide, wide country.

The silos are all full but we have
lots of husking to do. Come, fel-
lows, let us see who will find the
largest number of red ears.

As the people gaze into the
show windows of some of the
leading restaurants in Phila., they
cannot help exclaiming — "Isn't it
wonderful? Oh.glorious! Agri-
culture is the coming thing!" The
fruit-grower would be making lots
of money if he sold his apples half
of the marked price — ten cents
apiece — but he does not. What's
the use? Nobody knows, and no-
body cares. What's more, no one



wants to know, for has not some
one said that ignorance is bliss?

Friendfi of the school saw on
October 6th a display of fruit
and vegetables. The different kinds
of apples shown were worthy of
the admiration that the people
gave them; they were worthy
rivals of the much-heralded western
apples.

It will not be very long — just
as soon as the farmer appreciates
the need of proper pruning, spray-
ing, packing and advertising —
the sooner will the west look for
newer markets.

People forget one thing when
they say there is money in orchard-
ing, market gardening, nut cul-
ture; some go so far as to say
forest growing, and, wonder of
wonders! "chickens!" but no one
prefixes WORK.



ftfte €alt of a $ill.



By Jingo! but I'm feeling blue,

For I've not had a single sou
Since I escorted Dolly Bright

Unto the show the other night.
I cannot help but get a chill

Whene'er I think upon that bill.
Now here it is in black and white, —

Something fierce? "V'ou have it
right !

Taxicab and tip to driver

Got away with one whole S5 . 00
Tickets, second row (quite nifty),

Also opera glasses, 3.50

Hat checks, tips to sundry gents,

Cost the whole of .50

And then a feed at Rector's, shucks !

I wish I'd kept those 7.00



When we came out I did contrive

To slip the doorman .75

And then a small bouquet I

bought 'er —

For that I only coughed a .25
At last for starting home 'twas

time,

We took the subway train, a .10
Then, heavens ! I was in a

pickle!

I had to ask her for a .05

To get back home. That
night I swore

To be a "live one" never-
more.

Hereafter for no girl alive

Will I spend $16.95



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THE GLEANER



t&altti anb battle

Lewis L. Redalia, Editor.



"Hey for the ripple of laughing
rhymer'

Class of 1914.

With the football season in
full swing, the 1914 class is again
showing its school and class spirit.
With Captain Work, a former '14
man, and Manager Weightman
in the game, the class of 1914
is pretty well represented. Fer-
eshetian and How, guard and end,
respectively, are out for a few
weeks with injuries sustained in
scrimmage practice.

The defeat of the three-year
course hit us pretty hard, shatter-
ing our hopes of graduating the
coming spring.

— M. S.

Class of 1915.

Reorganized and preparing for
the football clash. The class will
soon pose for a "classy" class
picture. And to wind up the fall
will come our second annual ban-
quet. We regret the departure
of "Bess" Yuckman from the
school.

—A. L. K.

Class of 1916.

The football rally, an introduc-
ing event to the football season,
was successfully carried through
on Friday evening, October 11th.
It was certainly an enthusiastic
affair. The fire and refreshments
were the best ever.



Numerals for their work on
the Freshman baseball team were
awarded to Ross, George, Blume,
Light, Hornstein, Miller, Davidson
and Ulman.

The Constitutional Committee
reports progress.

"Football" is the motto of
the Freshies.

-J.B.



" My boy, what will your father
say when he kuows you were fish-
ing to-day — Sunday?"

" Oh, he'll probably say,
'Where's the fish?'"

" Aunty, did you marry an
Indian?"

" No. Why do ask such silly
questions?"

" Well, I saw some scalps on
your dressing-table."

TO BESS.
Yes, she left us, left us this noon;
Left us with laughter and merry

old tune,
With eyes that shone with Free-
dom's own light,
And with voice and spirit that

knew only fight.
We shook her hand and said

good-bye ;
We felt very sad but we knew

not w r hy.
She departed with best wishes

from all
In the Main Building, Penn, and

Segue Hall.
So let's all be quiet and think of

Bees
And the good old davs at X. F. S.



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THE GLEANER



gtljlettcs;

Abe WXTKIN, Editor.

The football season is now in backs would have surely scored,

full swing. Everything is foot- and had the ends been surer in

Ijgjj handling the forward pass, the

fcurday, October 12th, we result would have been different,

played the strong Wesley Training Out of six perfectly thrown for-

School team and held them to a ward passes, the ends did not

scoreless tie. It was a great game, handle one properly, either missing

well and hard played on both them at catch or fumbling after

sides. Wesley outweighed Farm getting the ball. It was very

School twenty pounds to the man, discouraging to see our chances

they averaging one hundred and of scoring floating away merely

seventy pounds in weight. The by means of a fumble,

previous week they had tied Beth- The team presented a bewil-

lehem Preparatory School, while dering attack and plucky defense

this was Farm School's first game, to a heavier and more experienced

Judging by the showing made team, and it was only by playing

Saturday, this will be the most a better game that they held their

successful season we have had in opponents. Three regulars —

years. The best ground gainers Fereshetian, Rosenberg and How

for Farm School were Blume and —were out of the game on account

Kahn through the line and Cap- of injuries sustained in practice,

tain Work around end. Twice while Capek played with a frac-

Work broke away for long runs tured wrist and Work with a badly

which came near being touch- sprained leg.

downs. Weigle played a star game The team from Wesley Training

at fullback, especially on the played in 1910 was the second team

defensive. He proved very effec- while the one played this year was

tive in breaking up Wesley's for- their first team.

ward passes, and did some excel- The line-up: —

lent punting. Blume and Harrison Farm School Wesley T. S.

did some fine tackling, as did Work. Friedman r. e Wells

He twice prevented, by his sure Helfand r. t Smith

tackling, what would have been Wolf r. g Johnson

sure touchdowns for Wesley, Harrison c Gotwals

while several of the forward passes Weightman 1. e Ross

which Weigle broke up would have Ulman 1. t Watts

made it hot for Farm School had Capek 1. g Eaton

they been completed. Work (Capt.) . . .q. b Hill

The main weakness of the team Kahn 1. h Plorkin

seemed to be in the forwards. Blume r. h Morris (Capt.)

Had our line been heavier, the Weigle f. b Williams



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THE GLEANER



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Referee — Rudley, '08. Umpire
— Hill. Head Linesman — Ruben-
stein, '11. Time of quarters —
10 minutes.



Last summer Doctor Foster, of
Newark, offered a silver cup to
be competed for by the school
baseball team and the campers.
We regret that we overlooked
mentioning this in the last issue,
and take this opportunity to ex-
press to Doctor Foster our appre-
ciation of his thoughtfulness.



At a meeting of the track team
" F" men, Blume, '16, was elected
captain for the coming season.
Ex-captain Work, '13, conducted
the meeting and expressed a desire
to see another winning team next
vear.



At a meeting of the baseball
"F" men, Captain Weigle, '15,
was re-elected captain for the 1913
season, showing that we will again
have a good year in baseball.



FOOTBALL RALLY.

Friday evening, October 11th,
our annual football rally was
held. The affair was a great
success, the bonfire being the
greatest ever. Great enthusiasm
was shown by everyone, from
Freshman to Senior, as many
hoarse voices the next morning
attested. Captain Work conduct-
ed the affair, naming one by one
the men chosen to play in the
first game. After the announce-
ment of each name, great was the
cheering. Every candidate chosen
made a few appropriate remarks.
Besides the men mentioned in the
account of the Wesley game, Re-
dalia, Semel, Samson and Stol-
eroff were chosen as first sub-
stitutes. Long and loud was the
cheering for the men who would
have stayed had they not been
kept out on account of injuries —
Fereshetian, Rosenberg and How.
Too much credit cannot be given
to the Freshmen for the way they
prepared everything. All in all,
the affair was a glorious success.



ALPHA DELTA FRATERNITY.

Had a great feed the Night of
the Big Day. A number of old
frat. brothers present sure brought
back fond memories. It's great
to have a past — and a good one.

We have taken into our midst
Brothers Macraken, Schuldt,
Friedman, Blume, Johnson and
Jenkins.

" Actions speak louder than
words."

Monthly question — "What is the
difference between a 'Brotherhood'
and a 'Fraternity?'"



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THE GLEANER



(Exchange

A. Li wis Kkavet, Editor.



The "luck" that 1 believe in
Is that which comes with work,
And no one ever finds it
\Vho"s content to wish and shirk.

The men the world calls "lucky"
Will tell you, every one,
That Success comes not by wishing
But by hard work bravely done.
— Honeycomb Briefs.

The Exchanges of this month
have been very few owing to the
fact that most of the high schools
are preparing their first numbers.

We wish to greet our old Ex-
change friends and extend to
them our best wishes for a success-
ful year.

"The Archive," N. E. H. S.,
is a snappy and live number. The
departments are well written up.

"The Iris" is complete and
reflects credit on its Staff. It
is as good as its namesake.

"The Indian Boys' Advocate,"
I. B. S., is quite progressive. "The
Coward" is very impressive.



Extracts from the "Rules and
Regulations" of a Large Hotel.

This hotel is located on a decided
bluff. Guests are requested not
to speak to the dumb waiter.
Guests wishing to do a little driving
can find hammer on the stand.
If you want a bell boy wring a
towel. — Ex.

A Freshman stood on the burning

deck,
But as far as I could learn,
He stood in perfect safety there,
For he was too green to burn.

—Ex.

Coastguard — " Yes, they raise
all their own vegetables at the
lighthouse."

Tripper — " How do they manage
that?"

Coastguard — "With a rope."

—Ex.

(Note) — As bad as "raising"
all those potatoes!



LITERARY SOCIETY.

The Literary Society organized
for another active season. Pro-
fessor Scott Nearing, of the U. of P.,
will speak to the Society Saturday
evening, Nov. 9th. The liveliest
subject discussed so far was,
" Is Athletics a Factor in a Success-
ful Career?" After vehement
oration on both sides, the straw vote
was taken and the majority found
to be on the affirmative. — A. L. K.



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THE GLEANER



11



Witty ®uv <§rabuateg.



"The School, the "Grads" and the Students —
When Shall We Three Meet Again?"

— Shakespeare.



It may be of interest to the
schoolmates and graduates, that
the Pennsylvania State has appro-
priated the sum of $275,000 for
the checking of the troublesome
Chestnut Tree Blight.

It is with pleasure that we were
informed that our recent graduate,
Mr. Harry L. Lubin, has satis-
factorialy passed the examinations
and is employed by the Penna.
Chestnut Tree Blight Commission.
Having completed the advance
studies of the disease in the Uni-
versity of Penna. during the last
few months, he has now been as-
signed to the Eastern part of the
State for the Inspection of Chestnut
Trees.

His friends in and outside of
the school find this encouraging,
and wish to congratulate him.
We all like to hear such reports
from those who precede us in the
agricultural pursuits.



A recent report from Mr. Ein-
stein, '11, informs us that he is
situated at Norma, N. J. He is
managing two farms there, in
which he holds shares. He finds
horticulture an enjoyable vocation
and recommends that course to
many of the boys here. His sweet
potatoes and tomatoes gave him
excellent returns this summer.

Mr. H. Rich, '01, who is in charge
of the American Sumatra Tobacco
Farm, in Conn., which is one of
the largest in that State, some
time ago made his first visit to the
school in the last seven years.
He was deeply impressed with
what the school has accomplished,
and more than pleased to see the
great improvements.

We wish to make mention of
the good work Charles Horn, Sec.
of the Alumni, has been doing for
the Gleaner. We feel greatly
indebted to him for his data about
the graduates.



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THE GLEANER



SIGMA IOTA BROTHERHOOD.

Nothing succeeds like success.
Our work progresses and we con-
timially look forward to the time
wlu-n our principles will be in-
corporated into all student organ-
izations.

On Sunday, October 6th, we
entertained Harry L. Lubin, and
the evening was greatly cheered
teaming squabs and broilers.
We are glad to report that members
of the alumni have shown interest
in our enterprise.

— C. L. W.



Prof. E — "Pat, I didn't think
you would hit a little man like
that."

Pat — "Well, suppose he called
you an Irish slob?"

Prof. E — "But I'm not an
Irish slob."

Pat — " Suppose he called you
a Dutch slob?"

Prof. E— "But I'm not a
Dutch slob."

Pat — " Well, suppose he called
you the kind of a slob you are,


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