Theodore Frelinghuysen Chambers.

The early Germans of New Jersey : their history, churches, and genealogies. online

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History, Churches and G EN£ alogies


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History, Churches and Genealogies



This work is the result of an attempt to discover the exact
time of the first settlement of New Jersey by people of the
German race. It is believed that this fact has been ascertained
with sufficient certainty. Between 1710 and 17 13 nearly all
palatines, who have left any trace of their presence, began to
arrive in the State and to fulfill their important part in the
upbuilding of this commonwealth.

In the course of this investigation extending, as it needs
must do, in so many directions and having to do with so many
records, a large amount of valuable material would naturally
accumulate. This has appeared to the author to be worth pre-
serving, even though the labor and expense and risk of so large
a book would be required for that purpose.

In tracing the families of the early settlers resort has been
had to the records at Newton, Belvidere, Flemington, Somer-
ville and Morristown. Every one of the 62 books of wills at
Trenton was examined separately. The church records of
Stillwater, German Valley, New Germantown, Lebanon and
Mount Pleasant, were carefully compiled. To gather addi-
tional data the inscriptions in 31 cemeteries from Newton to
Flemington, including those of Lamington, Bedminster and
Somerville, were copied. Every county, church and family
history procurable was consulted, and on this account the
writer feels warranted in saying that the genealogies are as
complete and accurate as they can be made.

The families represented in the genealogies are more or less
complete according to the circumstances of the case, but all the
information has been given with regard to each family that

vi Preface.

could be found by careful and continued inquiry.

All wbo have ever attempted genealogical researches will
readily understand how impossible it is to ever attain either
perfect completeness or perfect accuracy.

The map of Washing-ton township, the author's own handi-
work, is believed to be substantially accurate. Of course, as
every surveyor knows, hardly any of the early surveys will
bear mapping without alterations, such as actual surveys show
to be necessary.

The illustrations are in every case the best that could be
procured. The work of the Central Bureau of Engraving has
been surprisingly excellent. In some cases the photographs,
from which the photo-engravings were made, were either very
poor when originally taken, or discolored and marred by age.

Mr. E. W. Rush, of Glen Gardner, is the engraver of the
following cuts : The churches of New Germantown, Fair-
mount, Lower Valley, Califon and Mount Olive.

In common with every one who undertakes to investigate
the history of Morris county, the writer owes more than he can
adequately express to the two gentlemen of Morristown who
have been frequently associated in the preparation and publi-
cation of valuable historical records. Of course I refer to the
Hon. E. D. Halsey and Mr. William Ogden Wheeler, of Mor-
ristown. The very large and most complete collection of
material for the history not only of the county but also of the
State, which they have so kindly placed at the author's com-
mand, has been of the very greatest value to the writer.

All who are at all interested in the history of the palatine
emigration either into New York or New Jersey, owe a debt
of gratitude to Mr. Samuel Burhans, of New York City, for
rendering accessible the large number of German church
records, especially those belonging to the valleys of the Hud-
son and Mohawk.

Dr. Henry Race, of Pittstown, N. J., has most kindly granted
the aid of his skill and experience in historical work. Mr. B.
Van Doren Fisher, of New York, has enabled the writer to use
the results of his invaluable labors, especially in the matter of
family genealogies and the copying of archives.

Preface. vii

Mr. E. Y. Taylor, of Philadelphia, formerly of German Val-
ley, kindly loaned the field books, maps and other papers of the
surveyor, John Rockhill, who lived one hundred and thirty
years ago. By the aid of these certain important facts were
established, which would otherwise have remained in complete

Mr. Augustus Dellicker, of Hackettstown, allowed the use
of Caleb Valentine's papers, containing maps and surveys
which could be procured no where else. The late Theodore
Naughright and William S. Cary and son, Lewis, have taken
the most generous interest in the writer's labors and have given
him the full benefit of their extensive experience as surveyors.

Mr. Frank E. Everett, the capable editor of the Dover
Iron Era, from whose office the present work is issued, has
given to this book the benefit of his excellent taste and matured

The delay in publication may be easily explained to those
who understand the unexpected difficulties involved in the verv
nature of genealogical work.

The German edition of the Hallesche Nachrichten, (Allen-
town, Pa., 1883), is the principal authority for the early history
of the Lutheran churches in New Jersey.

To the Presbyterian congregation, of German Valley, of
which the author has the honor to be the pastor, is due un-
stinted praise for their intelligent co-operation in an undertak-
ing, which, without their help and approval, could not have
been prosecuted to a successful issue.



Chapter I. The Celebration i

II. Our German Forefathers a

III. The Moravians 16

IV. The German Emigration 25

V. The German Immigrants 34

VI. Early Church History 45

VII. Rev.' Carl Rudolph 58

VIII. Rev. John Albert Weygand 63

IX. Rev. Ludolph Heinrich Schrenck 72

X. The Muhlenbergs 74

XI. New Germantown and German Valley 82

XII. The German Reformed 95

XIII. Fairmount Presbyterian Church 126

XIV. Reformed Church of Lebanon 137

XV. Settlers of Upper German Valley 141

XVI. Settlers of German Valley 146

XVII. Settlers of Lower Valley 158

XVIII. Settlers of Unionville 165

XIX. Settlers of Schooley's Mountain 169

XX. Schooley's Mountain Presbyterian Church.... 181

XXI. Presbyterian Church of Pleasant Grove 185

XXII. Settlers of Tewksbury Township 194

XXIII. Settlers from Southold and Southampton 199

XXIV. Chester Congregational Church 209

XXV. Chester Presbyterian Church 214

XXVI. Spruce Run— " Swake "— Clarksville Lutheran

Churches 221



Abel 227; Adams 229; Aller 230; Alpock 231; Ammerman
234 ; Anthony 235 ; Apgar 236 ; Appelman 243 ; Aree 243 ;
Ayres 244 ; Axford 248.

Baldwin 249 ; Bale 250 ; Banghart 250 ; Barkman 251 ; Bartles
252 ; Bartley 254 ; Batson 255 ; Beam 256 ; Beatty 258 ;
Beavers 260 ; Bell 261 ; Bellis or Bellowsfelt 262 ; Bernhard
264 ; Berger 264 ; Bird 265 ; Bloom 266 ; Bodine 267 ; Bow-
man 269 ; Brown 273 ; Buchanan 273 ; Budd 274 ; Bulmer
377 ; Bunn 278 ; Busenberry 280.

Carhart 280 ; Carlisle 283 ; Case 284 ; Castner 288 ; Chambers
290; Coleman 294; Colver 297; Condict 299; Cool 299;
Cooner too; Corwin %o% ; Cosad 308 ; Couse 310 ; Craig 311;

Cramer 312 ; v^i<* jij , wcjm ji« , v^ummms" j*/.
Dallicker 320 ; Davis 321 ; Deats or Teats 322 ; DeCue 323 ;

DeCamp 326 ; DeRose 327 ; Dickerson 328; Dierdorff 331 ;

Dilts 332 ; Dorland 335 ; Drake 335 ; Dufford 342.
Eckel 345 ; Ege 345 ; Eich 348 ; Emmons 350 ; Engell 351 ;

Faircloe 352 ; Farley 352 ; Farrow 357 ; Feit 358 ; Felmley 358;

Fields 359; Fisher 360 ; Fleming 371 ; Flock 372 ; Flumer-

velt 374 ; Folk 375 ; Force 375 ; Fox 376 ; Frace 377; Frel-

inghuysen 378 ; Frey 385 ; Fritts 385 ; Frone 386.
Gray ; Griffiths 387 ; Gulick 387.
Hager 388 ; Haines 394 ; Hance 395 ; Hann 397 ; Hartram 398 ;

Heath 398 ; Heaton 400 ; Hedges 400 ; Hendershot 401 ;

Henderson 402 ; Henry 403 ; Hildebrant 404 ; Hiler 405 ;
Hilts 405 ; Hockenbury 406 ; Hoffman 406 ; Honness 416 ;

Hoppock 416 ; Horton 417 ; Howell 421 ; Hummer 425 ; Hunt

Iliff 426.
Kelsey 427 ; Kemple 427 ; Kern 429 ; Kester 429 ; Kice 430 ;

King 431 ; Kinnan 432 ; Kline 432.
LaGrange 434; Lake 435 ; Lance 436 ; Larason 437; Lawrence

439; Leek 442 ; Lerch 442 ; Lindabury 443 ; Lomerson 445 ;

Lucas 446 ; Luse 447.

Martinus 447; Messlar 447; Mettler 448 ; Miller 448 ; Ming 449;
Moore 449.

Neighbor 450 ; Neitser 452 ; Nicholas 454 ; Nurm 455.

Ogden 455 ; Ort 458 ; Overton 458.

Pace 459 ; Parker 460 ; Pew 460 ; Philhower 460 ; Pickle 46s ;
Pool 464 ; Potter 464.

Race 465 ; Rarick 466 ; Raub 467 ; Rawling 467 ; Read 467 ;
Reed 468 ; Reeves 468 ; Reger 469 ; Rhinehart 470 ; Ritten-
house 471 ; Roberts 471 ; Robertson 472 ; Rockafellow 472 ;
Roelofson 473 ; Runyon 474 ; Rusling 476.

Salmon 476 ; Salter 477 ; Schenkel 478 ; Schleicher 479 ;
Schooler 480 ; Schuyler 482 ; Swartzwelder 483 ; Seals 484 ;
Seifers 485 ; Seward 485 ; Shafer 486 ; Sharp or Sharpenstine
486 ; Sherwood 492 ; Shipman 492 ; Shirts 493 ; Shultz 494 ;
Silverthorn 494 , Skellenger 494 ; Skinner 496 ; Slaght 497 ;
Smith 498 ; Snook 502 ; Snyder 503 ; Sovereen 504 ; Stark
505 ; Stein 505 ; Stephens 505 ; Stiger 507; Streit 508; Struble
508; Stryker 510; Sutphin 511; Sutton 512; Swackhamer
517; Swarts5i9; Swazey5i9.

Teel 524; Teeple 524; Terry 525 ; Terryberry 526; Thomas
527; Tiger 528; Titman 528; Todd 530; Topping 532; Trim-
mer 533.

Van Atta 539 ; Van Buskirk 541 ; Van Fleet 541 ; Van Home
544 ; Van Nest 545 ; Van Pelt 546 ; Van Sickle 547 ; Van
Vechten 548 ; Vernoy 550 ; Vescelius 551 ; Vogt 552 ; Vosler

Wack 553 ; Waldorf 554 ; Walters 555 ; Ward 556 ; Waer 556 ;
Weise 557 ; Welsch 558 ; Weller 560 ; Werts 561 ; Wildrick
567 ; Wiley 567 ; Willett 568 ; Wills 569 ; Wintermute 570 ;
Wire 571 ; Wolf 572 ; Woodhull 573 ; Wortman 574.

Yawger 576 ; Youngs 576.



Corrections and Additions to Genealogies.

Apgar, Bodine, Crater, Cregar, Dallicker 583 ; Eich, Fisher,

Hager, Hann, Martinus, McLean 584; Mellick 585 ; Muehlen-

ber £ S 8 7 ; Naughright 590 ; Runkle 591.

Contents. xi


Blauvelt, Bolton, Campbell, Chambers, 597; Clark, Collins
(B. B.), Collins (G. S.), Davis, 598; Davison, Delp, Denton,
Depue, Deyo, Diener, 599 ; Duy, Fox, Gibson, Glen, 600; Harker,
Hendricks, Hiller, 601 ; Hunt, Husted, Hutton, 602 ; Mulford,
Keiser, 603 ; Klink, Knox, Krechting, Lane, Linnell, Long, 604 ;
McClenaghan, McConnell, Megie, Mewhinney, 605 ; Mills, Nich-
olson, Pohlman, Roe, Ruston, 606 ; Sawyer, Scofield, 607 ;
Schultz, Scott, Smith (B.), 608; Smith (G. W.), Smythe, 609;
Steele, Stephens, Travers, Van Benschoten, Vandervoort, 610;
Vermilye, Voorhees, Wack, Wood, 611.

Mount Olive Churches 612

Churches of Flanders 619

The "Old Straw" Lutheran Church at Phillipsburg 625


The German Reformed.

Ringoes, Mt. Pleasant, Knowlton, Stillwater 627

Lists of Names.
Persons Naturalized, Settlers on " Society Lands," Signers
to Weygand's Call, Customers of German Valley store-
keeper, 1763 632

Public Institutions and Improvements 638


Vmw of German Valley Frontispiece.


Rev. Henry Melchior Muhlenberg, D. D *

Old Union Church of German Valley 5

Rev. E. B. England and Rev. T. F. White, D D 10

Rev. T. W. Chambers, D. D., L.L.D., and Henry Race, M. D 15

New Germantown Lutheran Church 2°

Rev. E. M. Muhlenberg, D. D. (2) and Rev. Major Gen. J. P. G. Muh-


Rev. E. L. Hazeltos, D. D., and Rev. G. H. E. Muhlenberg, D. D 30

Rev. Alfred Hiller, D. D., and Rev. H. N. Pohlman, D. D 35

Rev. J. C. Dut and Rev. J. F. Diener *°

.Rev. James R. Keiser and Rev. Valentine F. Bolton 45

The Lutheran Church of German Valley 5°

Rev. B. B. Collins and Rev. Ephraim Deyo 5 s

Rev. W. B. Delp and Rev. J. P. Krechting 6°

The Presbyterian Church of German Valley 95

Rev. John C. Vandervoort and Rev. Chalmers D. Chapman 100

Rev. James Scott, D. D., and Rev. William R. Glen 105

Rev. Robert G. Vebmilye, D. D., and Rev. Mancius S. Hutton, D. D.. 110

Rev. I. Alsttne Blauvelt and Rev. E. P. Linnell 115

Rev. James H. M. Knox, D. D., and Rev. H. M. Voorhees 120

Rev. Theodore Freltnghuysen Chambers I* 2

The Fairmount Presbyterian Church ""*

Rev. John R. Willox and Rev. Nathaniel B. Kline 130

Rev. Titus E. Davts and Rev. William O. Ruston, D. D 135

Rev. Charles Wood, D. D., and Rev. Edwin W. Long 1*0

The Lebanon Reformed Chubch 145

Illustrations. xiii

Rev. Robert Van Amburgh and Rev. W. E. Davis 150

The Presbyterian Church of LowerValley 15J

Rev. John Reed, D. D., and Rev. w! J. Henderson 160

Rev. James R Gibson and Rev. Alfred Nicholson 165

The M. E. Church of Califon 167

The Schoolet's Mountain Church 170

Rev. William J. Gill, D. D., and Rev. C. S. Osborn 175

Rev. Hdqh Smythe and Rev. William J. Mewhinney 180

Pleasant Grove Presbyterian Church 185

Rev. Joseph Campbell, D. D., and Rev. Burtis C. Meole, D. D 188

Rev. H. W. Hunt and Rev. Samuel Sawyer 191

Rev. Samuel J. McClenaqhan and Rev. James H. Clark 194

Rev. Moses A. Depue and Rev. Gilbert Lane 198

The Congregational Church of Chester 200

Rev. Abner Morse and Rev. Luke I. Stoutenburgh 205

Rev. B. P. Bradford and Rev. P. A. Johnson 209

The Presbyterian Church of Chester 213

Rev. G. M. S. Blauvelt , 217

Rev. James Brewster and Rev. Frank M. Kerr 220

The Spruce Run Lutheran Church 225

Rev. Chester H. Travers and Rev. David Kline 230

The Glen Gardner Lutheran Church 235

Levi Farrow, M. D., and Rev. G. W. Smith 357

Gen. Fred. Frelinghuysen and Gov. George T. Werts 380

Hon. Theo. Frelinghuysen and Hon. Fred. Frelinghuysen 385

Jacob W. Miller 448

Mount Olive Presbyterian Church 612

Rev. John H. Scofteld and Rev. David James 615

Rev. 0. H. Perry Deyo and Rev. Daniel W. Fox 620

Flanders Presbyterian Church 625

Rev. John N. Husted and Rev. Baker Smith 630

Rev. Thornton A. Mills and Rev. G. H. Stephens 635

The M. E. Church of Flanders 640

Rev. Manning Force and Rev. William Stout 645


Washington Township, opposite page uq

Allen and Turner Tract " " 162

New Germantown in 1755 " " 194








OCTOBER 3ist, 1893









'i HE Centennial Celebration held at German

Valley upon October 31st, 1893, was of
such peculiar interest and attended with
such notable success, that it may well
deserve special notice in any history of
the events which it was held to com-

The day selected was Reformation Day, the anniversary of
the nailing of the theses by Luther upon the church door at

We quote from the local press the following account of the
events of the day and the impression they produced upon those
who were present.

The Iron Era, of Dover, had the following :
" The little village of German Valley was alive with life and
energy on Tuesday when a representative of the Era arrived
there, and the latch strings of every house hung out to those
sturdy, intelligent and prosperous descendants of the first
Teutons who came to this fertile and beautiful valley nearly two
centuries ago, and who had come to celebrate the one hundred
and eightieth anniversary of the arrival of the first wanderers
from Fatherland. The weather was perfect. It was one of
those charming October days that make the month one of the
most delightful of the year. The carpeting of the valley was
still green, the touch of the frost not having yet turned it to
gray, and the hills were bright in their clothing of red and rus-
set and yellow, relieving the cold dead drab of the rocks and

2 Early Germans of New Jersey

stones. The visitors began arriving early and every available
tie post in the village was needed for their teams, and the trains
brought many more. It was a success. In fact it could hardly
be anything else. With the evident care and labor exercised
with regard to the music and the selection of speakers, one
could be at no loss to explain the great pleasure afforded to
the large and intelligent audiences which assembled at both
afternoon and evening services.

" It was half -past three when the afternoon proceedings
began in the Presbyterian Church. The church was tastefully
decorated. In front of the pulpit the altar was banked with
chrysanthemums and the red, white and black of the fatherland
was draped gracefully over the desk. From the arch of the
pulpit recess the national colors were prettily hung, and all
around the room groups of the American flag were placed.
From the centre of the pulpit arch a floral bell was suspended
with the date 1743 in green figures, flanked on either side by the
dates 1 7 13 and 1893. Tropical plants lent the beauty of their
green luxuriance in contrast to the bright colors of the bunting,
and the committee who had charge of the decorations are to be
comr" ended for their taste.

" It was expected that Hon. Jonathan W. Roberts, President
of the Washington Association of New Jersey, would preside,
but he was detained by business from being present, and Rev.
T. F. Chambers took his place. After an anthem by the choir
Rev. V. F. Bolton, of Glen Gardner, invoked the divine blessing.
The orator of the afternoon was Rev. E. B. England, of Chester,
whose eloquence and ability are so well known to readers of
the Era that the announcement that he will deliver an address
carries with it a desire to hear him. His theme was " Chris-
topher Columbus, the First Emigrant," and he spoke with his
usual grace of oratory and charm of rhetoric. " The Obliga-
tions of Protestantism to Martin Luther," was the subject of a
well written paper by Rev. Dr. Theo. F. White, of Summit,
Chairman of the Committee on History of the Presbytery of
Morris and Orange, and the ripe scholarship of the distinguished
divine was shown in the preparation of this paper. An address
on " Our German Forefathers " by Rev. Talbot W. Chambers,

The Celebration 3

D. D., LL. D., ended the literary part of the afternoon proceed-
ings. It was one of those charming little talks that " come like
the benediction that follows after prayer." Dr. Chambers is a
man of profound learning, and yet has the happy faculty of
getting in touch with his hearers. There is nothing of the
pedant about him, and the simplicity of his address was as
charming as its matter was interesting.

" In the evening the proceedings were in the Lutheran
Church and opened with an anthem by the choir. The decora-
tions were very neat and appropriate. The church itself is a
model of neatness and its pure white wall sets off very
effectively the simplest decorations. It was a happy idea to
present a Bible chained to a table as a forcible suggestion of the
vast changes in religious opportunity which have taken place
since ancient days. It would have been a great mistake to omit
from the proceedings some account of the interesting community
who once formed a most unique settlement at Hope, WaiTen
County. Dr. Race's paper upon Greenland in New Jersey, or
the Moravians, was carefully prepared and most complete and
reliable. This is true of all the work of this gentleman, whose
kindness in so ably representing the Historical Societies of the
State and Hunterdon County, was fully appreciated.

"The Rev. Dr. Hiller, professor of theology at Hartwick
Seminary, in New York State, gave an extended account of the
Lutheran Church in New Jersey in its threefold character, as
constituted of Swedes in South Jersey, Low Dutch in Bergen
County and High Dutch or Germans in Western New Jersey.
His address was delivered in a forcible and lively manner and
was interspersed with amusing anecdotes and interesting inci-

" Rev. William E. Davis spoke briefly but to the point, and
in a very happy way presented the relations of the Germans to
the Reformed Dutch Church, to which he himself belonged.

"The last subject of a program remarkable for its complete-
ness, was the German Reformed Church which was to be pre-
sented by Rev. T. F. Chambers. He excused himself from
entering upon his theme at so late an hour.

"The whole proceedings were worthy of the occasion and

4 Early Germans of New Jersey

add new laurels to the well-earned reputation for historic zeal
of Morris County. The careful preparations for the complete
presentation of the history of the German part of our population
demonstrate a high degree of intelligence on the part of the
village of German Valley.

" The Secretary of the Committee and the Committee, under
whose authority he acted, and by whom he was so heartily
supported, the speakers, whose careful preparation and unques-
tioned ability were so fully displayed ; the ladies of the decora-
tion committee, whose refinement of taste was to be seen on all
sides, and the inhabitants in general, whose cordial hospitality
was enjoyed by the visitors, may all alike rejoice in the success
of an occasion which will mark an era in the history of the

" It was a very gratifying feature of the occasion to find the
two churches of the village co-operating apparently without the
slightest hitch or jar in the services of the day. We were
informed that the expenses of the occasion were met by private
subscription, and one could not but wonder how so large and
representative a celebration could be conceived and successfully
carried out by a rural village with limited facilities for travel
and for entertainment. The Washington Association of New
Jersey are a most respectable body to whom the whole county
are deeply indebted for their patriotic work with reference to
the admirably arranged Headquarters at our county town, but
we venture to affirm that they honored themselves not less than
the people of German Valley, by being so well represented upon
this occasion.

" We only voice the sentiment of every visitor, when we say
that for once at least one of the smallest of our country villages
has " set the pace" in celebrations for the rest of the county.
The tasteful decorations of the Stephens Steam Heater Company
and of the store of Lyman Kice are worthy of special notice.
The colored lights on Mr. Naughright's residence produced a
very pretty effect at night. We noticed the presence of the
Hon. H. O. Marsh, President of the National Iron Bank, of
Morristown, of the Rev. Wynant Vanderpool, rector of St.
Peter's Episcopal Church at Morristown, also of G. G. Kip, Mr.

The Celebration 5

Ford, P. H. Hoffman and W. Ogden Wheeler of the same place.
Mr. Fred. H. Beach and Mr. Fred. A. Canfield, of Dover, were
also present. Rev. William M. Wells and his elder Hiram
Fisher, from the United First Church, of Amwell ; Rev. B. V.
D. Wyckoff and Mr. Schomp from Readington ; Rev. T. E.
Davis, of Bound Brook ; Rev. I. Alstyne Blauvelt, of Roselle ;
Rev. J. H. Scofield, of Mt. Olive ; Rev. James R. Gibson, of
Califon ; Rev. William Stout, of Flanders, and many others we
noticed among the visitors. The special train from Rockaway
brought many visitors among whom were Edmund D. Halsey
and Rev. Dr. Stoddard."

The Morris County Journal and The Jerseyman both had
very flattering notices of the Celebration, and all accounts
seemed to agree in pronouncing the occasion one of great inter-
est and a most successful commemoration of truly memorable

A most pleasing feature of the occasion was a very beautiful
souvenir, containing photo-engravings of some of the former
pastors of both churches, and also of the old Union Church,
which was erected more than one hundred years ago. It also
contained a brief but comprehensive account of the early emi-
gration from Germany into New Jersey and the character of
the settlers, who thus added a new element to the already
cosmopolitan population of the State.

Invitations had been sent to officers of the Historical Socie-
ties, to ministers, editors and many others. These invitations
were neatly printed on card board and enclosed in envelopes to
match. The names of the committee being found on the
reverse side.

Online LibraryTheodore Frelinghuysen ChambersThe early Germans of New Jersey : their history, churches, and genealogies. → online text (page 1 of 69)