Theodore Parker.

Genealogy and biographical notes of John Parker of Lexington and his descendants: Showing his earlier ancestry in America from Dea. Thomas Parker of Reading, Mass., from 1635 to 1893 online

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Online LibraryTheodore ParkerGenealogy and biographical notes of John Parker of Lexington and his descendants: Showing his earlier ancestry in America from Dea. Thomas Parker of Reading, Mass., from 1635 to 1893 → online text (page 1 of 47)
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Brigham Young University






Showing his earlier ancestry in America from



From 1635 to 1893.



A descendant in the ninth generation from Dea. Thomas Parker.







Ever feeling an interest to know more regarding my ances-
tors and their connection with the progress of the times in
which they lived, I undertook during the summer of 1888 to
prepare a small pamphlet publication sfiowing the genealogy,
if possible, of my own immediate relatives. This attempt
only brought to view the necessity of a wider scope and a
more complete work. Encouraged at this stage by the interest
and entreaties of relatives to extend the work, and feeling the
great need of preserving in printed form the historical and
genealogical records, which might otherwise be lost forever
in the course of time, I finally determined to procure the gene-
alogy of the Lexington branch of the Parker family.

The compiler realizes the fact that no genealogy is complete
or perfect, and the present volume doubtless has its share of
errors, although accuracy has been the watchword. It is not
laid in the critics' path with any idea of rhetorical excellence
or fine writing ; neither is such a work a pecuniary advantage,
as its completion requires years of deep research, correspond-
ence and expense, but it is given to the family with the com-
pliments of the author for what use and service it may be to
those of the living and future generations whom it does and
will concern'.

May it ever serve to help us cherish the memory of those
devout, sturdy and industrious generations to whom we are
indebted for our progress, our freedom, and our very existence.

T. p.

"Children's children are the crown of old men ; and the

GLORY OF children ARE THEIR FATHERS." ProVerbs^ Xvii., 6.

"If any one OF us could trace our ancestral stock back

TWO hundred years we should FIND THE PROXIMATE CAUSE

OF THE DISPOSITION BORN IN US." — Rev. Theodorc Parker.


The Lexington Parker Homestead, - - faces title page

Col. Amos Andrew Parker, - - - faces page 195

The Princeton Parker Homestead, - - faces page 219

Columbus Greene, . . _ - - faces page 241

Mr. and Mrs. Isaac Parker, - - - faces page 243

Rev. Theodore Parker, . - - - faces page 245

Dea. John Parker, . _ - _ _ faces page 295

Mrs. Mary C. (Brown) Parker, - - faces page 376

Edward H. Parker, - - - faces page 377

Charles W. Parker, - - - faces page 409

Edgar Parker, - - - faces page 410

Walter E. Parker, faces page 440

Family Group: Arthur A., Clarence E.,

Edward H. and Theodore Parker, - faces page 441



Even farther back than the commencement of English
history we can trace the origin of the Parker name. It is as
old as parcarius, park keeper or shepherd, and from which
employment it was derived, thus extending back through the
ages unbroken to the origin of the Roman language. It is a
name not made from location or invented by lord or knight
for himself and descendants, but is one of the names of occupa-
tion, of active out-door life, that life which made useful, inde-
pendent, hearty men, w^ho caused the name of Parker to
multiply, making it one of the common names of to-day.

The Danes, Saxons and Normans had their representatives
of the name ; they were men of hardy and strong physique,
were hunters and warriors as well as tillers of the soil, and
romance made up a part of their pastime. A keeper of the
king's hunting grounds must necessarily be active and enter-
prising. He must be a good hunter and as well informed as
the civilization allowed, — a typical man of the early ages.
The name is well associated with the history of England, a
general usefulness, good social standing and spiritual progress
have been the characteristics of this ancient family name.
From its great age the name is necessarily a common one in
England, ranking eleventh in the kingdom in point of numbers.

The word Parcus meant a picketed enclosure for domestic
animals and also a preserve for game. Parcus and DeParco
are mentioned in the Doomsday Book. They are found in
Liber Feudorum and one Geoffrey Parker is noted in the
reign of Edward I., who ruled from 901 to 925. He lived at
Bexley on the eastern coast of England. From him there
probably descended a numerous posterity. We afterward
hear from Johannes le Parker, a Norman, who followed
William the Conqueror (1066-1087), and was the keeper of


the Royul Parks. ^ The Taxicio Ecclesiastica yields the name,
and we find the following in mediaeval Latinity of 1205 :
"Johannes le Parker tenet dimid,hidam terrae per servantium
costodiendi Parcum Domini Regis et Riesam forinsicum et
valet hoc annus dimidiam marcam." "John the Parker holds
half a hide of land for the service (sergeantry) of keeping the _
King's park and pasture ground and receives this year half a
mark." Fifty acres and 6s. 8d. per annum for folding the
royal sheep and driving them to pasture.

James le Parker turns up in Norwich in 1261, and one
Samuel Parker is noted in the reigns of Henry III. and Edward
I., which would place it at about 1275. It would be ditficult
to ascertain from which of the foregoing Reginald le Parker
was descended. He accompanied Edward I. to the Holy
Land and received a royal grant of land for his efficient
services. A ver^" ancient family record which was at Park
Hall, Stafl^ordshire, but which was, many generations since,
destroyed by fire, accredited Reginald le Parker as the
common ancestor of the Norton Lees branch, and in turn
of the Park Hall, the Earl of Macclesfield line. The reign
of Edward I. embracing from 1272 to 1307, it follows that
Reginald le Parker was necessarily ancestor of the Lan-
cashire Parkers, whose descendants were the founders ot the
Browsholme and Norton branches. The family was early
located in Lancashire and it is in this part of the kingdom
where we find their records connected from generation to
generation, and the mystery so characteristic of the mediaeval
ages here gives way for fact. \ Yilliam le Parker was seated
in Extwistle, Lancashire, in the time of Richard II. The
land which he purchased has a history also. Its first recorded
owner was Adam de Preston, who conveyed in the reign of
King John (at about 1200), and again in that of Henry III.,
the lands which he held in Extwistle to the monks of St.
Mary of Kirkestall. In the reign of Richard II. John De
Bardesay, Abbot of the Monaster}' of the Blessed Mary of
Kirkestall, conveyed these lands by a deed dated 13 of that
reign (1398) to William le Parker, a monk, who at the time

' His name was spelled many ways in English records, varying from Parker
to Parchour, Parkre, Parkerre.


of Henry IV. (1399-1413) is styled " de Monk Hall in

He had four sons. The eldest was Lawrence Parker. He
heired the estate, and from him in direct descent is pre-
served in Burke's Landed Gentry the male line almost com-
plete from William le Parker to the living Parker families of
Extwistle and Cuerden, which places are side by side. It
comprises about twenty generations of father and son. The
Lancashire branch has an interesting history, and they appear
to have flourished from its earliest time. Emigration becoming
necessary the sons helped settle the surrounding counties, and
in turn added honor to the name. Browsholme is located just
across the county line from Cuerden. The family here
appear respectable and flourishing early in the sixteenth cen-
tury. It is here we find at about 1470 Robert Parker, a name
common among the descendants of William and who, in Eng-
lish records, is styled Robert Parker, Esq., in the Forest of
Holland, Yorkshire. His daughter Elizabeth heired the estate
and by marriage became heir of Redmaine (also spelled Red-
mayn, an ancient Yorkshire family), and had an only daugh-
ter, Jennet, who was heir to both. Then Edmund Parker,
younger son of Parker of Horrockford, married Jennet and
thus continued the Parker name upon the Browsholme estate.
He was a descendant of the Lancashire family', as is shown
by this family connection and b}^ similarities in coats of
arms. They had with two daughters a son and successor,
viz. : —

Robert Parker, Esq., of Browsholme, who m. Elizabeth,
dau. of Edmund Chadderton of Nathurst, father of William
Chadderton, Lord Bishop of Lincoln, and had issue. Robert
Parker was still living in 1591.

I. Edmund, drowned at Cambridge, unm.

II. Thomas, his heir.

III. Roger, D.D., Precentor and Dean of Lincoln, and d.
29 Aug., 1629, aged 71.

IV. William, of Blisland and Warligon, in Cornwall, I
D.D., Archdeacon of Cornwall, living in 1620, and from him,
was descended in the female line John Anstis, Garter King of


The eldest surviving son, Thomas Parker of Browsholme,
Bow bearer of the forest of Holland in the Duchy of Lan-
caster, m. Bridget, dau. and co-heir of James Tempest of
Raj^ne in Craven, and had by her, who d. in 1610, a numer-
ous family of children, a son and successor.

His heir and successor, Edward Parker, Esq., of Brows-
holme, b. 3 Aug., 1602, m. 28 Jan., 1629, Mary Sunderland,
dau. of Richard Sunderland of High Sunderland in York-
shire. This Richard Sunderland for wife had Mary, sixth
dau. of Sir Richard Saltonstall, Knight. Lord Mayor of Lon-
don. This would make Mrs. Edward Parker, the niece of
young Richard Saltonstall, prominent in the early settlement
of America. The portrait of Edward Parker as Bow-bearer
of Bolland forest is preserved. It is a fac-simile of a large
rare folio etching.

Norton Lees is an attractive portion of the parish of Norton,
County Derby, which adjoins Lancashire and Yorkshire.
The first of the name which we find there is Adam Parker,
who in the year 1352, Sept. 17, was witness to a grant of land
in Norton from Sir Thomas Chaworth, knt.. to John and
Isabell Tynet. Thomas Parker appears in 1384, and in 1402
John Parker, both acting in similar positions. Thomas Parker
of Grenehill and John Parker of Norton purchased in the year
1423 of Robert and Margaret Fletcher all of the land and
tenements formerly occupied by Richard Peyne. Here their
history becomes more defined and interesting. A direct
descendant of the Little Norton and Park Hill Hnes is the
Hon. E. T. Parker Vwroig of Aston Hall, Sutton Coldfield,
Birmingham, Eng., who very kindly assisted in this English
research, and who contributes the following : '' According to
the pedigree which was at Park Hall, the Norton Lees estate
was granted to a Roger de Gotham, who attended Edward HL
at the siege of Calais and had an augmentation of arms for his
services. The above Roger had a son Thomas, who had a
son Adam. This iVdam had an only daughter, Elizabeth,
who m. Thomas Parker of Bulwell, Co. of Nottingham."
This is the first of the line that any family records mention.

In a pedigree of Moore in M. S. Gg., 3, 34, in the Cam-
bridge University Library, England, said to be written by the


hand of James Gresham of Fulham, Co. Middlesex, is the
following : " Memorand, that one Booth sometimes was Bishop
of Yorke [23 H. 6-1445] beeing before his promotion to that
See Arch Deacon there and lay at Rotheram in the same
county had two sisters. The one of them, then hee being
Archdeacon, married he unto one Mr. John Parker of Bulwell
in com. Nottingham esq're which Parker had by hir diverse
children and was of a Cli land b}^ the year or thereabouts . . .
Memorand, that the aforesaid John Parker had a sister whose
name was Elizabeth and was married to one Thomas More of
Grenhill in com. Darby, grandfather to Christopher More,
that is to say, son of John More son of the aforesaid Thomas

Thus it appears probable that the above named Thomas
Parker was son of Thomas Parker, once of Grenehill, but
then of Little Norton. The father Thomas was in all proba-
bility son of the Thomas of 1384, and he, possibly the son of
Adam. And it is certain that the progenitor of the Parkers
of Little Norton was descended from the Lancashire stock.
This is shown by marked similarities in the coats of arms of
the two families and by tradition.

This places the marriage of Thomas Parker and Elizabeth
at about the middle of the fifteenth century, providing he was
brother to the above named John. From him is traced his
son and heir, Thomas Parker of Whitley and Ecclesfield.
He was a " scithesmith" and a "yeoman." His will, as copied
from the Journal of the Derbyshire Archaeological and Natural
History Society, 15 10, August 20.


^tt the name of 6otl, %m(\\, the xx*'' day of August the yere of o,
Lorde a thousande ccccc"' and x, I Thomas Parker, of Whitley,
make and ordeyn my testament in maner and fo''me folowyng. First
I bequeth my soule to Almyghty God o"" blessed Lady seint Mary and
the copany of hevyn, my body to be buryed w'in my pish chirch of
Ecclesfeld. Itm I bequeth to my mortuary my best beest. Itm I
bequeth to the seid chirch of Ecclesfeld for my tythes necligently for-
gotten vj^ viij**. Itm I will that of all my goodes my detts be paid,
and all wrongs by me doon, and trewly proved, be resonably recom-
pensed spially in discharge of my soule. Itm I bequeth to the


making of the rode-lofte and stalles in the seid chirch, xl*" Itm to
the reparyng of Seint Mychels chapell w'in the seid pish, iij*- iiij*^-
Itm I bequeth to Elyn Parker, my doghter, xl mrc to her mariage, if
it may be born. Itm I will that Thoms Shirclift', of Ecclesfeld, John
VVilkynson, of the same, and John Grubbe, of Netherhertley, or
their heires imediatly aff my decesse surrender in to th'ands of my
lorde of Sherusbury according to his custome w'in the lordeship of
Halomeshir, all and ev such meses, landes, tents, meadowes and
pastures, w' their app''tenncs, as I have in Whitley, or in the felds of
the same, purchased of William Whete, in Woodsetts, purchasid of
William Houlle, holden of my seid lord as of his lordeship of
Halomshir, by copy of court rolle, to the use of John Parker, my
Sonne, and the heires of his body laufully begotten for ev. And for
defaute of such issew of his body laufully begoten, the remaynder
therof to Richard Parko"", his brod"", and to the heires of his body
laufully begotten for ev. And for defaute of such issew^ of his body
laufully begotten, the remander therof to the right heires of me the
forseid Thomas Pker for ev. Itm I will that the same Thoms Shir-
clift', John Wilkynson, and Robert Grubbe, their heirs or assigneis,
imediatly aff my decesse surrende into th'ands of the prior and
covent of Coventre charterhouse all such meses, lands, tents, wodds,
medows, lesues and pastures, w' their app''tenncs, as I have in
Nether Hertley, late p''chased of Thoms Barmley* holden of the seid
pV and covent by copie of co''t rolle, as of their lordeship at Eccles-
feld to the use of Richard Pker, my Sonne, and heires of his body
laufully begotten for ev. And for defaute of such isshew of his body
laufully begotten, the remand'' therof to John Parko'', his brod'", and
heires of his body laufully begotten for ev. And for defaute of such
isshew of his body laufully begotten, the remander therof to the next
heires of me the seid Thoms for ev. Itm I will that the said Thoms
Shircliff, John Wilkinson, and Robert Grubbe, or their heires,
immediatly aff they be required, surrende into the hands of the p''o''
and Covent of the Charterhouse of Coventry, according to his
custome, a mese, lands, medows, wodds, lesues and pastures, w'
their app''tenncs, as they lye in Neder Hertley, unto the use and
behove of Ric. Pko"^, my sonne, and to the heires of his body laufully
begotten ; and for defaute of his body* laufully begotten, the remander
theroffto John Parko'', his brod"", in like estate, the remander thereof
to the right heires of me the forseid Thoms Parko"" for ev. Also I

*Sic t'ti reg, forsati Barmby.

t Probably the words " such issue of" omitted; but it stands so in the copy
in the Register at York.


will that immediatly after the seid surrend"" maid unto the seid
Richarde Pko% that the seid Richard shall make to Agnes Pko% my
doghter, a sufficient surrende of a yerely rent of xx'-, to be taken and
paid out of all the landes, medows, wodds, lesues and pastures, w*
their app''tenncs in Ned' hertley aforeseid, to have and holde to the
same Agnes and hir assignes during hir liff at ij termes in the yere,
that is to say, at the feest of Penticost and Saint Martyn, by evyn
porcions, w' clause of distresse for noon payment of the same in the
aforeseid mese, lands, wodds, medows, lesues and pastures. Itm I
will that if, as God forbede, hit happen that the seid Agnes be
decrepyd, or in such case that she may not stere herselff, or come to
a grete necessite, then the seid Richard Parker, or his heires, shall
pay yerely during the lif of the seid Agnes, ov and above the seid
xx^-, vj'-, viij''-, that is to say, if the seid chaunce happen, xxvj^-, viij**-
Itm I will that Richard Parker, my sonne, shall have the takke of
my water-whels after my decesse. Also I will the seid Richard shall
have a mese in Brokehouse, w'in the pish of Laghton, w' th' app''-
tenncs. Itm I will that the seid Richard shall have an annuall rent
of ix*- lyyng in Dennaby, in the holding of Wynter. Itm that the
seid Richard shall have my right in ij closes, w' a medow called
Horbury, w' a close called Longlands, and a croft callyd Ryfarecroft.
Item that the seid Richard shall have at Neder Hertley a fournes, a
fourmelede, a wort stoon, a kneding-trough, a mulding horde, a
stepefatte, ij grete arkes, ij chayres, a mete horde, a folding borde, a
chymney, ij bedds, an arke, a long chist, a saing borde, ij bedds in
the new chambre, oon in the plo"", and an awmery in the new plo"^ at
Whitley. Itm that the same Richard shall have ij stythes, ij bare
bales, all od"' smythy gere, ij stoones troughed coultroughed (sic).
Itm I will that John Parko', my sonne, have at Whitley ij stones
troughed called coltroughes. Itm at the whele a stythy and a pair
of bellows. Itm at Whitley, a chayr, a chymney, iij mete bords in
the chechyn, a kneding trough, a moldyng bord, a fournes, a wort
stoon, a lede in a fo'"me, all the bedds in the plo"^, ij yronbonde
coffers, an arke, an awmery in the chambre, an arke and a bedde in
the new chamber, iij close bedds in the malthouse, a stepefatt, a close
bedde, and the iij close bedds to stand still for the svntes. Itm I will
that out of the meses, w' th' app''tenncs in Dalton my seid feoftes
shall suffer, aff my decesse, the profetts yerely to be taken in fo'"me
folowyng. First xiiij" vj''- to find a preist at Ecclesfeld to sing yerely
Ix messes, that is, ij tymes Seint Gregory trentall, w' svyce therto
belonging. Itm of the seid mese yerely iiij''- to the vicar of the same
chirche to pray for the soules of me, my ij wiffs, my fad' and mod',


and all myn aunceto'"s and child'' soules, on the Sonday in the chirch.
Itm for an obijt evy yere to be made for Thorns Pko% Elsabt, and
Agnes, his wiffs, his fad"" and mod"" soules, out of the seid mesa v**
yerely to be takyn and paid. Itm to the clerc for v mynnyngs yerely
to be paid v**- of the said mese. Itm that the residew of the mese,
that is ijs. iiij^', that my childer ther being shall have yerely j"*-, and
the residew to poore folkes having most nede. Itm that seint
Mychell warke if it may be shall have vj^- viij**- Itm in likecase to
the p'o"" and covent of the charterhouse, vj'- viij**- Itm I ordeyn to
be ovseers of this my last will M^ Herry Evinghm, esquier, to
whome shalbe geven xx^- Thorns Evynghm, sonne of the seid
Herry, to whome shalbe giffen x^- Sir Thorns Thorley. pson of
Thorley, to whome xx'- Robert Pko"", my sonne, Robert Gilberthorp,
Willm Crofte, to evy of the seid Robert and William for rewarde
vj'- viij''-, and the costes of all my seid ovseers wher or whed'' so ev
they be called to be borne at all tymes of my goodes. The residew
of my goods before not bequethed, I will that mv wifl' shall have hir
thirde parte therod'and the seconde pt to be disposed and spendyd at
my buriall and after warde for the well of my soule. And the thirde
pt therof I giff and bequethe to Richard Pker, my sonne. Itm T
will that Robert Pker, my sonne, shall pay unto Agnes Pker, my
witf, yerely during hir liff, xiij^- iiij*^- Itm I will that John Parker,
my Sonne, shall pay unto the same Agnes, his mod"", evy yere during
hir lift", xxvj^ viij*^-, in mony of hir thirde and dowery. Itm I will
that Richard Pker, my sonne, shall pay unto the same Agnes, his
mods every yere during hir lif xxvj* viij**' in mony for hir thirde and
dowery, if the forseid my childer may their landes peasably enjoy
w'out trouble or recovy. Also I ordeyn and make Agnes Parker,
my wift', John Pkar and Richard Pker, my sonnes, myn executo'^s of
this my psent testament.

ifn U'itnCSl Whcrof herunto I have set my seale, thes being witnesses,
sir Thoms clerc, vicar of Ecclesfeld. Thoms Robt Grubbe, and
Shircliff', John Wilkinson, od"" moo, the day and yere abovesaid.

Probatum fuit p vicariu de Shefteld, p comissionem [15 lo]. Reg.
Test. 8 fol. 55A. ^

His son Robert had a son Thomas of Little Norton, "yeo-
man." This Thomas had a son John Parker, also a "yeo-
man," and who lived in Little Norton. A deed relating to
this member of the family contains the name Ryddinge,
which is certainly interesting considering the connection this
location (Reading) has borne with the Parkers of Massachu-
setts. This is its copy :


" Deed between John Bullocke of Darley, in co. Derby, Esq., and
John Parker of Little Norton, co. Derby, yeoman. Being tenants in
common in several closes, &c., in the parish of Norton, called the
Lea Maskers, Johnsett wood field, Ryddinge, Johnsett noil, the
Mawe land, the Hie field, and Howl storthe land, a piece of wood
ground called Johnsett wood, and other lands in Little Norton mea-
dow, the yard in the holding of Wm. Mawer, Norcroft, Shipley
Lowage, and Lowage gate. Hie Storthe, Lyarde land, the Lea, being
parcel of the land of Wm. Rawly nson, they had agreed to make a
division in severalty as therein named. Witnesses, Henry Tayler,
James Bullock, Robert Boothe, Willm. Simpson, James Bayte,
William Rawlynson."

This John Parker had a son John, baptized 4 Sept., 1575,
m. 1601, Dyonysia, dau. oi Thomas Bright of Bradway, and
aunt of Sir John Bright. He m. second, 2 July, 1605, Jane,
dau. of James Bate of Jordenthorpe, Co. York, and by her
had John, his heir, 12 Aug., 1607; Thomas, baptized 31
March, 1609; William, 23 July, 1614 ; Jane. Of the children
of the above named famil}', John Parker, b. 1607, heired the
estate of Norton Lees ; WilHam, b. 161 4, m. Bridget Carrier,
granddau. of Thomas Parker, Esq., of Browsholme, Bow-
bearer of the forest of Bowland. She was also niece of
Edward Parker of Browsholme.

It is thus evident that our Puritan ancestor, Thomas Parker,
who came from London to the New World in the year 1635,
could belong to the Norton Lees branch and, through Bridget
Carrier, become well acquainted with the Browsholme branch,
and through Edward Parker's marriage connection with the
Saltonstalls. Sir Richard Saltonstall, Jr., had been to the
New World several times, had lived for years in Water-
town, and had successfully transported ship-loads of pilgrims
to their haven of refuge. In 1635 he was again raising a
company for transportation.

William, the aforesaid, removed to Park Hall, Staffordshire,
and was the ancestor of that illustrious line. He commanded
a company of exparte regis and took part in many military
actions, including Hopton Heath, Marston Moor. Naseby
and Worcester, was taken prisoner and suffered much for his
loyalty. He d. 12 May, 1703. By wife Bridget he had


tvvo daughters and three sons, the latter being : I, George
Parker. Esq., of Park Hall, who heired the estate and was
high sheriff'. II. Thomas Parker, Esq., who studied law,
removed to Leeke, was a diligent practitioner of his profession

Online LibraryTheodore ParkerGenealogy and biographical notes of John Parker of Lexington and his descendants: Showing his earlier ancestry in America from Dea. Thomas Parker of Reading, Mass., from 1635 to 1893 → online text (page 1 of 47)