Theodore Parker.

Genealogy and biographical notes of John Parker of Lexington and his descendants: Showing his earlier ancestry in America from Dea. Thomas Parker of Reading, Mass., from 1635 to 1893 online

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Online LibraryTheodore ParkerGenealogy and biographical notes of John Parker of Lexington and his descendants: Showing his earlier ancestry in America from Dea. Thomas Parker of Reading, Mass., from 1635 to 1893 → online text (page 4 of 47)
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shall come to full age —

I do give and bequeath unto my son Ebenezer Parker all my
housing and Lands where I now dwell together with that thi'ee acres
of meadow called the Wiggwam meadow together also with all the
Rest of my Estate whatsoever or wheresoever it may be found that
is not herein willed or otherwise before this legally conveyed : more-
over I do herein Nominate and Appoint, Constitute and ordain my
s*^ son Ebenezer Parker to be sole Executour of this my last will and
Testament and to see it fulfilled in every part according to my true
Intent therein : and if my said Executour fail or ixfuse to pay to my
wife Mary according to this my Will, Then my Will is that my
brother Nathaniel Parker shall have full power to make Sale of any
part of my lands for payment of the Same —

And I do hereby utterly revoke, make Null and void all and every
other former W^ill or Wills by me heretofore made and do own
allow, Ratifie and Confirm This to be my Will and my last Will and
Testament —

In Witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and Seal the day
and year first above written.

^Ur\ cx/n a(^ ^Pa/^/i^i^h,

Their children were :
3. John Parker, b. Aug. 3, 1664; m. Deliverance Dodge of

Samuel Parker, b. Oct. 24, 1666 ; m. Martha Brown of Cambridge.

See Appendix.
Elizabeth Parker, b. June, 1668; m. Nov. 17, 1685, Samuel

Cowdrey, son of Nathaniel Cowdrey of Reading. See Appendix.


Mary Parker, m. Samuel Poole of Boston.

Sarah Parker, b. Feb. 20, 1672 ; d. Oct. 2, 1673.

Hananiah Parker, b. Nov. 2, 1674; d. Jan. 3, 1677.

Ebenezer Parker, b. Feb. 13, 1676; m. Rebecca Newhall of

Reading. See Appendix.
Hananiah Parker, b. April 30, and d. Aug. 7, 16S1.

Of the above children only one is taken up in full in this
genealogy, that is the eldest, John Parker, who removed to
Lexington, and was the ancestor of all the Lexington Parkers.
This volume was originally designed for the posterity of John
Parker only, but much relating to other branches has been
added as an Appendix. In the Appendix can be found a
brief history of the other children of Lt. Hananiah Parker.

3. John Parker (Hananiah,'^ Thomas^), son of Lt. Hana-
niah and Elizabeth (Browne) Parker, was b. in Reading, Aug.
3, 1664. His life covered the period of the earl}^ growth of the
colonies, the hardships, wars and rugged life of the times.
A preserved record, now at Lexington, is in his own hand-
writing and reads: "John Parker and his wife Deliverance
were Married the 2 : of October 1689." She was Deliverance
Dodge of Beverly, dau. of John and Sarah, and b. 10 or 15
March, 1661.* The}'- settled soon after marriage on a part of
the original Dea. Thomas Parker place in the centre of the
town, which farm adjoined that of Lt. Hananiah Parker.
Three of John Parker's deeds made at this period are pre-
served at Lexington. In 1699 he purchased of John Poole
land on the north end of the Great Pond, "Lake Quana-
powit." In 1705 he added 21 acres to his estate by a purchase
of Mr. Francis Smith "for a valuable sum of money." This
land lay upon the bounds of Lynn and Reading. He sold to
his cousin "Nathaniel Parker of Redding Jr. Cooper," 11

*The grandfather, Richard Dodge, must have been well known bv Dea.
Thomas Parker. He was in Salem in 1638, removed to Beverly, where he
was one of the founders of the Beverly Church. He had son John, b. in Eng-
land, who by wife Edith had children Deliverance, i66i,John, 1662, Josiah,
1665, Sarah, 1667, Ebenezer, 1670, Mary, 1672, and Andrew, 1676. This
accounts for the introduction of the names Andrew, Josiah and others into the
Parker family,— from the brotherly affection which the wife Deliverance
Parker cherished.


acres, "which land was laid out to Dea. Thomas Parker of
Redding and now in possession of John Parker." We observe
by the deed that it was "in the fourth year of the Reign of our
Soveraign Lady Queen Anne."

John Parker was constable of Reading.* The following is
a copy of one of his preserved receipts. In these olden times
the constable was a prominent factor, holding the same posi-
tion of power as the deputy sheriff of to-day, except that his
powers were confined to his own town. The people were
very careful whom they chose for this honorable position, and
the fact that John Parker was constable of Reading is a strong
voucher for his integrity, force of character and popularity :

"Charles Towne. y^ ii May, 1693.
"Then Reed, of Mr. John Parker, Constable of Reading, the
sums of Fifty Nine pounds Twelve shillings in full of s*^ Townes
Last Assessments. I say Received

by me Hump^ Parsons."

It must have been a hard blow to the family to learn of the
death of the son Hananiah, who, a promising lad of 18, was
in the Annapolis expedition of 1710, and died of the prevailing

* Before removing to Lexington he sold his homestead estate to his neighbor
and friend, Jonathan Poole. The record is at Lexington in the form of a
simple agreement, as follows : —

"This draft of bargaine made this twentieth day of May Ano. Dom. 1712
betwene John Parker of Reding in the County of Midd'^. in New England.
Joyner on the one part and Jonathan Poole of y" same towne yeoman on the
other part witnesseth that y" s'' John Parker hath sold and doth promas to
make alination of to s'' Poole all his whomsted with building on it consisting
of 23 acres more or less of upland and medo land bound west by y" land of
Capt. Herbert decesed, northardly by Thomas Weston, southardly by s'' Capt.
Herbert decesed and e s'' Jonathan Poole, estardly by Timothy Willard, s''
Poole and also 3 acres of medo joining to y-' south side of s'' Jonathan Pooles
and called y" cranbery meddo. — And the s'' Jonathan Poole doth ablidg him-
self to pay for s' Land two hundred and ninety five pounds in mony or bills
of credit of this province."

This record is very valuable in more than one way. It shows to us where
John Parker lived in Reading, which proves the location of the first Parker
homestead, that of Dea. Thomas Parker — see Hananiah Parker's will. Capt.
Herbert lived on the spot where now stands the Wakefield Town Hall, where
Rev. Samuel Haugh and Rev. John Brock preceded him. Jonathan Poole's
house was where is now the Wakefield Rattan Factory. Thus we find the
true location of our Reading ancestors, and from the above record we know
into whose hands the homestead passed.


sickness 171 1. But with the remaining three sons, Andrew,
Josiah and John, Jr., the parents removed to Lexington (then
called Cambridge Farms) in the spring of 17 12. He settled
upon the same homestead still occupied by his descendants.
The history of the town of Lexington makes mention of him
by saying :—

"John Parker was chosen fence viewer in 1714 and tythingman in
1715 and '21. He must have been a man of dignity of character, for
in seating the meeting-house, 1731, where they had reference to age,
honor and property, they placed him in the second seat below with
Ensign John Mason, Thomas Mead and other highly respectable

The following is the copy of a precept used by John Parker
and is still preserved among the old family papers at Lexing-
ton : —

" To the Constable of Redding which was in the yeare 1692.
Whearas James Ribboe and Samuel Merrow do refuse or neglect to
pay their proportion of the Rate Committed unto you which was
made the 25 Novem : 1692 which was the first part of the thirty
thousand pounds. Therefore, this is in the Majestys names to re-
quire you to make Distrese upon the goods of James Ribboe for his
refusing or neglecting to pay his proportion of the above s'' Rate
which is twenty shillings, and of the goods of Samuell Merrow for
his refusing or neglecting to pay his proportion of the above s*^ Rate,
which is ten shillings, which goods are to be apprized as the law
directs and to be Sould, and to return the overplus to the owner if
there any be, and if goods cannot be found to pay the above s** sums,
then you are to seize the body of James Ribboe, and the body of
Samuell Merrow, and commit them to the County Goal there so to
be kept without bail or mainprize until payment shall be made with
all due charges

Witnesseth our hands and seals in Redding
this first of March, 1693/4

John Browne j selectmen"
John Bacheller )

The ancient deeds of purchase, still preserved at the Lexing-
ton homestead, show that "John Parker, Sen% Joiner, of
Redding, purchased in Cambridge Farms" one small mansion
house and sixty acres of land, bounded southerly on Water-
town line, elsewhere by Daniel White, John Stone and Thomas


Cutler, and of Thomas Cutler he bought "a certain messuage
or Tenement lying and being scituate in Cambridge, In the
Farms, containing one mansion house, barn and about one
hundred and ninety acres of land." These aggregated 250
acres, and the total cost was four hundred and sixty pounds.*

Mrs. Deliverance Parker died in Lexington March 10,
1 7 18. The records concerning his second marriage have not
been found, but we know her name was Sarah. All the
children were by the first wife.

John Parker was a joiner. He built a shop in which he
made from wood necessary farm implements, furniture and
useful things. This trade he taught his sons, and they in
turn from generation to generation. The Parkers in Lexing-
ton were all skilful woodworkers.

John Parker made the following agreements with his sons in place of a will :

" Know all men bj these presents, that we John Parker and Andrew Parker
Do fully & freely Consent and agree that Josiah & John Parker Jr. or their
heirs or assigns shall have full Right and Lawfull authority to Take, Emproove
& Enjoy for Ever all y"' Moovable Estate Belonging to John Parker my Hon"''''
father of what kind or nature soever it may be and we likewise promise that
we will not either directly or indirectly keep or Conseal a.ny thing or things
that shall or may at any time appear to be y" s'' John Parkers movable Estate
upon Penalty of Paying all Damages that may arise by our withholding any
of y" Goods ofy* nature above s''.

"Except all such movables as are needed for house keeping which at y«
Decease of our Hon""^"' : Parents : John Parker & Sarah his wife are to be
Equally Divided Betwen Andrew: Josiah & John Parker or their heirs.

" as Witness our Hands and Seals this fourth Day of January 1739-40
David Mead John Parker

Jabez Kendall Andrew Parker."

"Know all men by these Presents that I John Parker of Lexington In the
County of Middlesex in his Majesties Province of y Massachusetts Bay in
New England Joyner Have assigned, ordained & made & in my stead and
place have put & Constituted my dutifuU Sons Josiah Parker of said Lexing-
ton yeoman & John Parker of Framingham in the County & Province afores'*
yeoman to be my true & Lawfull attorneys for me & in my name & to my use,
to all, sue, fee, levey, require, recover, & receive of all & every person or
persons whatsoever, all & every such debts, rents & sums of money as are
now due unto me or which at any day or days, time or times hereafter shall

* In 1728, however, John Parker sold a farm of one mansion house, one barn,
two outhouses and 100 acres of land to Mr. Joseph Brooks of Weston. Amount
paid, 600 pounds. It bordered the Watertown line and was in part the land
formerly bought from the Cutlers.


John Parker died Jan. 22, 1741, aged 78. The record of
the death of Mrs. Sarah Parker has not been found. All the
children were born in Reading, although their record of birth
is found upon the town records of both Reading and Lexington.

Their children were :

Sarah Parker, b. July 5, and d. July 9, 1690.

Hananiah Parker, b. Oct. 10, 1691 ; d. 171 1, on service of Qtieen

Anne's War, while in the Annapolis, N. S., Expedition. See his

letter, page 40.

4. Andrew Parker, b. Feb. 14, 1693 ; m. Sarah Whitney of Lex-

5. JosiAH Parker, b. April 11, 1694; nri. Anna Stone of Lexington.
Mary Parker, b. Dec. 4, 1695 ; d. 1709, aged 14.

John Parker, b. and d. 1696.

Edie Parker, b. Aug. 19, 1697 ; d. 1709, aged 12.

6. John Parker, b. Nov. 8, 1703 ; m. Experience Clayes of Fram-

The following letter, well written, is among the family
papers at Lexington. Hananiah was but eighteen when he
wrote this letter. It shows his sturdy bringing up, and we
can well imagine the parents anxiously awaiting the return of

be due owing, belonging or appertaining unto me by any manner of ways or
means whatsoever : Giving and Granting unto my said attorneys, by the
tenner of these presents, my full & whole power, strength & authority in &
about the premises & upon the receipt of any such debts rents & sums of
money afore S' acquittances, or other discharges for me & in my name to
make, seal & deliver, and all & every other act & acts, thing & things, dence
& dences in the Law whatsoever, needful & necessary to be done, in or about
the premises, for the recovery of any such debts, rents & sums of money
goods or chattels, for me and in my name, to do execute & perform as fully,
largely, and amply in every respect, to all Intents, Constructions & Purposes
as I myself might or could do if I were pei'sonally present ratifying allowing
and holding firm & stable all & whatsoever my said attorneys shall lawfully
do, or cause to be done in or about the execution of the same by virtue of
these presents thereby Revoking all former powers by me given to any person
or persons whatsoever. In Wittness whereof I have hereunto sett my hand &
seal the sixth day of August Anno Domini 1740
"Signed Sealed & Delivered

In Presence of A P ^ f a ,,n,

James Clayes* /j h'Tl ^ (^ l\ ^^

John Jones " -^

*John Parker of Framingham had married Experience Clayes, niece of
James Clayes of Framingham, whose signature appears on the deed.


their strong and promising son, and with him to remove to
Lexington. But their hopes were never realized, for he died
of the prevailing sickness sometime in 171 1, having been kept
in garrison after the capitulation.

" From Annapolis Royal March y^ S'** 1710.

" Ever Honored father and mother after my Deuty Remembered
to you and to my Grandfather and Grandmother : and my Love to
all my brothers and all my friends — Hoping theas few lines of my
Love Will find you in as Good health as I am at this present Writt-
ing, Blessed be God for it. And this is to let you understand that I
Recived youer Second Letter, and that is a verey sickly time with us
and we have Lost above Three Scor men that belong to New Eng-
land and thear is above fifty men sick. Barnabas Cook is sick ;
Daniel Dove is sick ; William Hopkins is sick ; Benjamin Johnson
is amost well of his wounds but he has had a verey bad sweling upon
his thigh above his wounds but we hope he will doe well.

S'' Charles* has lost 11 men out of his Redgement. Coronal
Whiting has lost 16 or 17 and he has 24 men sick'. One man Dyed
out of our company : he belonged to Wobone, his name was Robert

Johnathan Eaton is verey sick. But we hope to see you in a little
time, they that are living, but if we stay hear much Longer their will
but few of us see New England, but S' Charles sales he will carrey
us home as soon as y^ govenur corns : we hope to see you in a month
or six weaks If we Live — for Sir Charles is a wearey of this place
and amost Discouraged and wants to get hom as much as we do.

Out of all New England men thair is but 40 men fit for Deuty, and
thair is hardly men Enough to berrey y^ dead and look after y* sick
for we berrey 2 or 3 men Everey Night : for we berrey them in
Night becaus y* french Should not know how many men we loos and
we berrey them out of y^ buring place down by y* water side below
y* fort and spread y"^ ground leavel over them that they might not be
seen. I have had a verey Easey time this winter for I have been
freed from Deuty to Look after Benjamin Johnson and I have had
my health as well as ever I had in my life for which I have caus to
be thankfull.

I would not have you be Discouraged nor Discontented nor think
y^ time Long for I hope to see you Quick, for as soon as the Govenur
coms hear S"" Chas'les sayes he will carrey us home. We hear that
thair is men a coming from New York to Releave us.

* Four regiments were raised in New England, two of which were com-
manded by Sir Charles Hobby and Colonel Tailer of Massachusetts.


But No mor at Present for I have No News to send you.
So I Remain Youer Deutyfull Son

Hananiah Parker.

But I desier youer prayers for me that I may be kept from sin &
sicknes beeing in a dangerous place for them both: for thair is
nothing but wickedness carried on hear, cursing and swearing in
everey mans mouth."

4. Andrew 'P2iT\iQV ( yohn^^ Hananiah,^ Thomas^), son of
John and Deliverance (Dodge) Parker, was b. in Reading,
Feb. 14, 1693 ; was at the age of 19 when he removed with his
parents and brothers to Lexington in 17 12. He was favored
with a sound and vigorous training in his youth. He was well
bestowed physically for the mammoth task of the early pio-
neer, and he entered into the work heartily. He married in
Lexington at the age of 27, Aug. 2, 1720, Sarah, bap. April
22, 1703, dau. of Isaiah and Sarah Whitney of Lexington.*
She was third in order in a family of seven children. Nov. 4,
1724, they made their peace with the Church, when three of
their children were bap. They were admitted to the Church
in 1728.

He was a husbandman and woodworker, thus succeeding
his father in the occupation which soon became well known
as a characteristic talent of the Lexington Parkers. He was
energetic and industrious. He was a man ot strong physique,

*The grandfather, Eleazer Whitney, was settled at Cambridge Farms in
1693, where he d. in 1697. The Whitneys, however, did not long remain in

"Although the Whitney name has become common in almost every town
in the country, most of this family are descended from John and Elinor
Whitney of Watertown. The children of this ancestor, though eight in num-
ber, were all sons, six of whom had families of their own. Five of the children
were b. in England before he, John Whitney, aged 30, embarked from Lon-
don, in April, 1635, for N. E. in the ships Elizabeth and Ann, Roger
Cooper master. His early admission as a freeman, his early elections as a
selectman by the town, and constable of Watertown by the court, show that
he occupied a respectable social position." — ,lVaferfo-,.vn Genealogies.

Our Eleazer Whitney, father of Isaiah, was doubtless the one given in
Watertown Genealogies as son of Thomas Whitney of Watertown, and b.
April 7, 1662, twin brother of Elnathan (as recorded on page 643). This
Thomas was son of John and Elinor Whitney and was b. in England 1629,
and m. in Watertown, Mary Kedall (or Kettle), dau. of John of Watertown.
Therefore Sarah Whitney's ancestry ran thus : Sarah,'' Isaiah,* Eleazer,^
Thomas,^ John."


as tradition claims that he was of very large size and power-
fully built. He was a kind father and was attentive to the
physical and spiritual needs of his large family.

Andrew Parker was chosen fence viewer of the town at
"the meeting of y'' freeholders and other inhabitants orderly
convened on y"" 9th of March 1725," as the Lexington records
attest. Soon after this he was honored with the rank of con-
stable. He thus rendered his town the same public service
which his father had served in Reading. It was a position of
much higher dignity and social standing then than now. His
wife Sarah died Dec. 18, 1774, ^g^d 70. She was the mother
of 12 children. He survived her.

Andrew Parker lived in the reigns of five English sover-
eigns, was seven years of age when the year 1700 came, and
yet lived to see the first armed expedition of British soldiers
against the colonists put to rout at Concord and Lexington,
June 17, 1775, and this accomplished partly by his own family.
As he on occasion gathered his children, his ever increasing
grandchildren and inquisitive great-grandchildren at the old
homestead around that open fireplace filled with blazing logs,
what a story he must have oft related concerning the hard
struggle for existence, but final development of the colonies
together with that of their own allied families ! He must have
remembered events before 1700, knew all about Queen Anne's
War against the French and Indians, 1702 to 17 13, and the
capture of Port Royal, N. S., from the French, in which war
his brother Hananiah served and died. It was in his time that
the devout colonists were obliged to carry their guns to Church
and into the fields when at work, and have them ever ready
to fight off" the prowling savage. He could tell all about the
Georges, the Louisburg expedition of 1744-48, and the last
great French and Indian war of 1754 ^^ '63. At the time of
his death, which occurred April 8, 1776, his great-grand-
children numbered over a. score. He thus died at the age of 83.

G^njrc^ jai7t^^

Their children were :
7. Sarah Parker, b. Feb. 9, 1721 ; m. June 21, 1739, Jabez
Kendall of Woburn.



8. Jonas Parker, b. Feb. 6, 1722; m. 1745, Lucy Monroe of

9. Amos Parker, b. July 27, 1723 ; m. 1745, Anna Curwen Stone
of Lexington.

Elizabeth Parker, bap. Aug. 22, 1725 ; d. young.

10. Thomas Parker, bap. Dec. 24, 1727; m. March 8, 1750,
Jane Parrot, then of Chelmsford.

Abigail Parker, bap. July 27, 1729.

11. Lucy Parker, bap. April 4, 1731 ; m. May 24, 1750, Joshua
Mead of Lexington.

Elizabeth Parker, bap. June 22, 1735.

12. Andrew Parker, bap. April 16, 173S ; m. Nov. 29, 1759,
Abigail Jennison of Weston.

13. Keziah Parker, bap. June i, 1740; m. June i, 1759, Joseph
Wyman of Lunenburg.

Ebenezer Parker, bap. Feb. 28, 1742 ; probably d. 1743.
Mary Parker, bap. Oct. 21, 1744.

By a deed from father to son, dated 30th April, 1728, it is
evident the Lexington estate was then located as the following
plan shows :

' JoHNPAfiKcirs Land

•^ A





Josi«H PiRHEB's Law)


"?v.s^t'"«is VMa^ — \4o\a U\e 'VycoA .













1, 1, ,



5. Lt. Josiah 'Pdct^^r (John,^ Hananiah,^ Thomas^), b.
in Reading, April 11, 1694, son of John and Deliverance
(Dodge) Parker. He seems to have inherited the sturdy
qualities and industry of his father, the assessor, constable,



joiner and farmer of Reading. He was i8 when his parents
and three brothers removed with him from his native town to
Lexington in 1712. He worked with his brothers upon the
new farm, also in his father's shop, where the latter taught
his sons in making all kinds of wooden implements, wagons
and furniture. He was of use to his father in many ways,
notably in surveying and proving the bounds of his estate,
and in the same manner to his neighbors and townsmen,
who needed such service. When he had been but two years
in Lexington he was one of the three chosen by "y^ free-
holders" of the town to "estimate and fix the boundary line"
between Lexington and her mother town, Cambridge.

He of course belonged to the military company, in the days
when soldiers were scarce and the Indians and French some-
times too common for the comfort of the English settlers.
Hananiah Parker, his brother, of much promise, had already
perished in the Port Royal Expedition. Loving memories of
him doubtless inspired the three remaining brothers to more
active training and in anticipation of coming troubles. Josiah
Parker soon became "dark" of the company. His duties
were to call together the soldiers, keep the attendance and
"fine" records and post notices of the coming drill day.*

Among the preserved records we find such slips as the fol-
lowing, which were required to be published in a public place
a certain time before the occurrence of the event named
therein :

" Lexington Sep'™ : y^ 16"" : 1729 : Was Appointed & Observed as
a training Day By Cap' : Joseph Bowman & y* Major Part of his
Company : & Before s*^ Captain Dismised his Company he ordered

*An authority writing upon this subject says :

"The 'clarke' of each company knew everybody, and was an important

Online LibraryTheodore ParkerGenealogy and biographical notes of John Parker of Lexington and his descendants: Showing his earlier ancestry in America from Dea. Thomas Parker of Reading, Mass., from 1635 to 1893 → online text (page 4 of 47)