Theophilus Parsons.

Laws of business for all the states of the Union : with forms and directions for all transactions. And abstracts of the laws of all the states and territories on the various topics online

. (page 11 of 70)
Online LibraryTheophilus ParsonsLaws of business for all the states of the Union : with forms and directions for all transactions. And abstracts of the laws of all the states and territories on the various topics → online text (page 11 of 70)
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closed with 12 inch brick walls resting on the copings of the several bank- walls,
above which level (taken to be the front-yard level of the block), said walls are to
be ten feet high. Said Avails are to have in connection therewith buttresses of 8 by
16 inches each, from inside face of each wall ; and the walls and the buttresses are
to be capped with granite coping of 2 inches more width than the buttresses and
walls, 4 inches thickness at the edges, and 9 inches in centre, and to be straight
and well tooled, and cramped on unuer side, each piece to the other all which
cramps are to pass down into the walls and buttresses. Said coping is to be wholly
set in cement, and the whole of the joints flushed with same material. All
yard paving is to be wholly in cement, and grouted and bedded in same manner as
cellar paving aforesaid.

First Story. Brickwork. The four exterior walls of this story are each
to be 12 inches thick, and the two main, cross, party, subdivision-walls to be
of corresponding thickness with the outside walls. The two main corridor walls
and those around stairways (three stairways) in this story are to be each 8 inches
thick the entire length of the building, reaching fully in all cases to the top of
flooring-planks of the second story. The twelve stacks of chimneys indicated
on plans of this story are to be built in connection with and made part of the
several walls, as shown. Said chimneys are to be commenced as floor-levels of the
basement story, upon stOi...e-platform foundations to be made part of the other wall
foundations, and built throughout said story with two piers of 20 by 20 inches each,
to be covered with a semicircular arch tied with an iron beam bar, and the whole
levelled up solid to first floor, with a flue in each chimney of 8 by 1 2 inches clear,
square, and true, and plastered honorably over every square inch of inside surface,
thick and heavy. No hearths or open fire-places are intended in chimneys. Water-
closet flues, and the single flue of each room in which a chimney exists, is to be
fitted with a 7 inch cast iron funnel-piece and stopper of heavy and durable make ;
but no veutilating-flue is to be provided separate from the single smoke-flue of each
apartment. All the said brickwork of the first story is to be laid in lime-mortar of
first quality, Eastern stock, using sharp sea-sand only for same. All chimneys to
have 8 inch backs and 4 inch withes.

Second and Third Stories. The exterior walls are all to be continued 12
inches thick, and the chimneys built up in connection therewith in the same man
ner as before described for first story, with an additional flue of the second and


third stories. The two interior, cross, division-walls will be carried through both
these stories, but need be only eight inches thick. The two enclosing walls of each
of the two end stair-flights in both these stories are to be continued of brick, and
of 8 inch thick each. The several window and door openings in all the walls of
the three stories above the basement story are to be formed with reliable, arched
heads on wooden lintels, and the exterior wall-windows to have full and square re-
turns for window-frames. All frames are to be fitted in solid, and plastered in con-
nection with brickwork. None of the walls are to be recessed beneath the windows.
Every floor-plank is to be accurately levelled up, and the brickwork filled solid
around it, and the roof-planks also at bottom. The fourth or French-roof story will
have the four exterior walls built to top of plates of frame of roof, say 2 feet above
its flooring ; and besides this the brickwork of the said four walls is to be continued
up entirely to the roof-boarding under the gutter-flashing. The several corner
quoins of the front side of the four corner pilasters of the side and the dentil course
over the third-story windows of this side are ail to be formed of brick ; and all of
them are to be made outside of the faces of the wall, thereby increasing hi thickness
as much more than 12 inches as the several matters project.

All chimneys are to be topped out, of one uniform height and one pattern ; and
this pattern is to be precisely like the detailed drawing to be given.

Memo. The enclosing walls of the two end staircases are to be carried to roof-
boar Jing of 8 inches thickness each.

Memo. The 9 nine cesspools hereinbefore referred to are to be 36 inches square
in clear of walls ; which walls shall be 8 inches thick, with an 8 inch bottom to
same, and a four inch cut-off wall -on iron bars, across the same. The whole inside
to be rendered in hydraulic cement ; and the curb and iron-trap strainer aforesaid
to be set complete. The whole of the drains and aqueducts are to be most thor-
oughly rendered in hydraulic cement. The aqueducts may have 4 inch walls ; but
all the remaining drains shall have 8 inch walls, and shall be Gothic shaped at bot-
tom ; and the stone covering of said drains shall not be less than 2 inches thick,
with full and square joints : the whole set in hydraulic cement. The walls of the
drains shall be laid wholly in hydraulic cement. The contractor shall use all rea-
sonable care that the grounds on which the drains, aqueducts and cesspools to
be built, is properly prepared to prevent settlement or start of said works ; and, if
the superintendent elects on account of the instability of the soil to substitute drain-
pipe or plank drains for the brick ones hereinbefore stipulated, the contractor is to
make the changes as directed ; and all such difference of cost (more or less) as the
superintendent elects to be just, shall be accepted by said contractor, and settle-
ment made accordingly. Turn arches over all openings between cellar-piers, and
level up to floors. The bricks to be supplied by the contractor are to be as follows,
in quality : those for backing exterior walls, and for all interior walls and chimneys,
may be of the Boston Brick Co.'s most costly cull ; those for the drains and paving
and other underground shall be Pilastow's Eastern or Charlestown clay brick, hand-
made ; the outside courses of the two end-walls and of the rear wall and of the
chimney-tops shall be of same hand-made, even-colored, darkened, hard brick of


uniform size, straight and true, and jointed-laid ; the outside courses of the front
wall shall be of a quality of face-brick as good and as fair a quality of Danvers
face-brick, to be laid plumb-bond, and properly jointed off. All bricks shall be wet
immediately previous to laying same. The contractor assumes all cost of supplying
himself with Cochituate for use. The exterior cornices, brackets beneath, and small
band mouldings beneath brackets, are all to be of wood, to be constructed and put
up by carpenter ; but the mason is to build in all brackets, and assist carpenter to
space off and lay out same.

Slating. The two upright sides of the roof are to be covered with 16 inch
slates, Welsh ; the whole to be of first quality, and agreeable to a sample which the
superintendent will select, and submit to bidders before estimating. Said slates are
to be put on with 2^ inch lap (full), and to be truly bonded, to break joints in centres
to be put on with the heaviest quality of composition (not galvanized) nails. The
chimney-tops; sides, tops, and sills of luthern windows; angle-corners of roof; top
of upper wood-finish of roof; skylights ; scuttle ; scuttle over centre staircase, or
near it; as also all other required places, are to be flashed with 10 oz. zinc and
4 Ib. lead where the superintendent calls for the same ; and the contractor for the
slating is to be held responsible that furnishes and applies flashing-stock amply suffi-
cient to insure an extra, first-class, tight, and permanent job, with every piece of
stock cut and fitted and secured of such sizes and shapes as the superintendent, if
he elects so to do, may direct.

Memo. The slates of the front side of roof to have semicircular ends.

Gutters and Conductors. The front and rear walls of the block, includ-
ing the four heads or returns on the two ends of the block, are to be fitted with 20
oz., best-quality sheet-copper to be of cima recta pattern, and made exactly in ac-
cordance with a full-size drawing to be given. This gutter is to be seated on to
wood coving or casing of main cornice ; and there is to be a back flashing from the
inner edge of said gutter, on its top, of same quality and 1 6 oz. weight of copper,
passing up beneath slating 8 inches, and passing under sills of each luthern window,
and up to inside face to its top, and there turned on and secured with all suitable
bends and heads of copper on each side of the lutherns, as well as over their entire
top-surface or roof. The sky light- hatches, and that of the scuttle in flat of main
roof, must be covered with 16 oz. copper also, and the whole made everywhere
tight and secure and workmanlike. There are to be eight conductors of cold and
rolled copper, of 16 oz. to the foot, put up, and firmly secured to the outside faces
of the four exterior walls. Said conductors are to be connected with the gutters
above by massive goose-necks most substantially soldered and secured, and of prop-
er diameter ; and the fifteen feet of said conductor, together with the shoes and un-
derground lengths necessary for reaching and fully entering the aqueduct of brick,
are to be made of the heaviest pattern of cast-iron, to be strongly connected with
the four exterior walls, as to resist the most possible abuse that boy? can bring to
bear on the said pipes.


Plastering. The walls, ceilings, and partitions of each of the four finished
stories of the building, throughout every apartment, passageway, stairway, corridor,
and hall, and including all closets and water-closets, are to be lathed on wood fur-
ring for five nailings, with sound, dry, pine-laths, free from sap and other defects,
and secured with heavy 3d penny nails. The laths to be universally a full quarter
of an inch apart. The ceilings of the cellar to be lathed for plastering throughout.
Each floor of the four finished stories is to be plastered between upper and under
with a heavy coat, ^ inch thick, of lime and hair mortar. All other plastering is
to be done two coats, one of lime and hair mortar, and the second a skim coat
of lime and sand putty. All other plastering is to be done two coats, one of
lime and hair mortar, and the second a skim coat of lime and sand putty ; forming
the first quality of two-coat work, as usually understood in best houses, as the walls
are not to be papered. The ceilings and walls both are to be finished of entire
uniform shade of plastering, without staging-streaks, or break-offs in any place.
No cornices or centre-pieces are required. The contractor shall do the usual and
fau- amount of patching after carpenters have finished, without charge to owner of
the building. The risk of the plastering being touched by frost, if work of build-
ing is delayed, rests with the plasterer wholly.

Miscellaneous. Mason. In both parlor and kitchen of each tenement, there
is to be a red slate-stone mantel, to be supported by two iron bronzed brackets of
some neat pattern, the whole to be selected and approved by the superintendent.
The mason is to include the paving of the whole area of the yard in front of the
block up to the rear line of the contemplated front block of houses ; and said pav-
ing is to be done in cement, like that hereinbefore required.

Carpentry. The carpenter is to be equally responsible with the mason that
all parts of the building are correctly laid out, from the several plans by the archi-
tect ; and he is, in consultation with the superintendent and mason, to arrange all
details and portions of construction in ample season for them all to be applied cor-
rectly to the buildings. He is also at his own cost to prepare all centres, not only
for windows and openings, but also for drains. He is also to make all necessary
poles and rods as guides for laying out all works. He is to make skeleton frames,
and set the same, for all openings in walls. He is to cover all freestone and granite
projections, including doorways, and water-table of underpinning. He is to safely
shore all floors, under all such points as the superintendent directs, while the skele-
ton of the structure is in progress. He is to make one set of patterns from the full-
size drawings of all freestone, moulded, and arch work. His works are to embrace
all branches of trades hereinbefore stipulated under the head of work and labor
and materials, it being understood that La connection with the contractor for the
masonry, the buildings are to be left in a completed state, ready for occupancy, ex-
cepting only metal-works of the plumbing. No furnaces, fireplaces, grates, stoves,
or heating-apparatus of any kind, being intended to be required of the contractors,
saving only chimneys, funnel pieces, and stoppers.


No papering is to be required of contractors ; and no gas piping or fixtures is to
be embraced in the estimates of contractors. Such of the water-closet ventilators
as are required of wood are to be constructed and topped out, and otherwise fully
put up and completed, precisely as superintendent says.

Framing. To provide the first marketable quality of Eastern spruce stock,
and frame, put on, and otherwise fully complete, the floors of the first, second,
third, and fourth stories, with planks of 2 by 1 2 inches, to be placed as indicated by
flooring-plans; spanning in all cases from the front and rear exterior walls on to the
corridor-walls, which run through the centre of the length of the entire building.
Each floor is to contain headers and trimmers of 4 by 12 inches wherever indi-
cated by the plans, excepting those for enclosing staircases, which are, hi all the
floors, to be 6 by 1 2 inches. The planks in all the floors over the centre corridor
may be 2 by 9 inches only. The first floor will contain girders of 7 by 10 inches,
to be located in the position indicated by the flooring-plan of that story. These
girders are to be of the soundest white pine, of last year's growth, and last year's
delivery in Boston, and not in water for the last six months at least. These gird-
ers are to be worked square and true, and are to rest on the exterior walls and in-
terior piers. Each flooring is to have four full rows of diagonal bridging of inch-board
pieces 3 inches in width and 1 inch thick, to be accurately cut in, and nailed with
twelvepennies. The whole of the flooring-planks are to rest just one full half-
brick in length of bearing on walls, and four inches full on the corridor walls and
partitions ; and the same of the headers and trimmers in each floor. All headers
and trimmers are to be mortised and tenoned and oak-pinned, and those of the
stairways are to have wrought-iron stirrup-straps of 2 by -| inch iron. The upper
and under edges of every flooring-plank is to be worked by a plane to a regular
crown of % of an inch in their length. There shall be twelve wrought-iron ties
attached to the trimmers of each floor in the position the superintendent shall say ;
and all these ties are to go to, and be " upset " in, the exterior walls to within 4
inches of the outer face of each wall. Each tie to be 3 feet long, of inch round
iron, in addition to the length required for " upsetting " the two ends.

The roof to be framed with its two upright, angular sides of plank 3 by 9 inches,
to be placed only 18 inches apart on centres. Said planks are to be footed, and
securely spiked to wall-plates of 8 by 10 inches; which plates are to be bedded on
and bolted to the exterior walls by bolts being built in for the height of 5 feet in
said walls once in every 15 feet length thereof. The tops of the aforesaid rafters
are to be headed into a border-stick, which is to extend the entire length of the
two sides of the block, and is to measure 5 by 9 inches ; being properly framed (not
merely spiked) on to the rafters. This border-piece and the heads of the two main
corridor-partitions are to form supports for the two ends of the planks designed to
form the top or flat portion of the roof. Said planks are to be fully 3 by 12 inches,
to be placed only 8 inches apart on centres, and bridged precisely like the floors
aforesaid by with one row only on each side of the corridor-partitions. The roof-
stock is all to be as dry and as perfect as that for the floors aforesaid ; and the up-


per edges on outer edges of all the planks are to be worked true with plane, and
those in the flat to be crowned regular 1 inch in their length. Every part of
the framing of floors and roof is to be so mortised, tenoned, spiked, nailed, stayed,
and otherwise finished and secured, as to make, np'j only a first-class, workmanlike
job, but one to be warranted free from start or tremble, and permanently so to
remain. On each side of each luthern window, there is to be a stud of 3 by 6 inches,
with a head-piece of same size at top of window ; and these six studs are designed
to go perpendicularly down to the top of the roof-story flooring, just down the exte-
rior walls, and there to foot on a plank which is to run the whole length of the
building; which plank, as well as the side-studs and head-piece, are all to be firmly
spiked and secured.

Purring and Partitions. The brick walls, ceilings, and stairway through-
out the four finished stories, are to be furred with 3 by 1 inch dry spruce furrings,
set to give five nailings to a lath. They are to be put on the walls with twelvepenny
nails, and on the ceilings with tenpennies. Grounds ^ of an inch thick are to be
put up for all finish, and % inch beads for the angles of the walls and stairways.

The partitions, except those which are brick, are to be framed with sound, sea-
soned spruce lumber ; the studs to be 2 by 4 inches ; door studs and girths, and
window studs and girths, 3 by 4 inches ; plates 3 by 4 ; and sills 2 by 4 inches : all
to be thoroughly bridged with cross bridging, and to be braced over the doors and

All of the above work is to be done in the most thorough manner, and, when
ready for the plastering, is to be plumb, square, and straight.

Memo. The caps and sills of every partition in every story are to be seasoned
Southern pine, properly fitted and secured.

Tinning. The dormer-window roofs, and the upper portion or flat of the main
roof, are to be covered with best quality of charcoal-leaded, of first quality MP
brand roofing-tin ; to be laid, lapped, soldered, and secured in the most thorough
manner, and warranted a first-class and permanently-tight job throughout.

Hough Boarding. The roofs are to be boarded, and the under-floors to be
laid with sound, seasoned white-pine boards, matched and mill-planed ; laid close,
and thoroughly nailed ; and those to the slated portion of the roof are to be cov-
ered with the best quality of tarred sheathing-paper.

Outside Finish. The dormer-windows, cornices, brackets, and small band-
mouldings beneath them, are to be wrought of thoroughly-seasoned, clear, white-
pine stock, in the forms shown by the drawings ; and they are to be thoroughly
secured to the brickwork where they come hi contact with it.

The doorway is to be framed with 2 by 4 inch studs, and 2 by 6 inch rafters,
and is to be boarded with matched and mill-planed pine covering-boards, and cov-
ered with tin, like the roof. It is to have a rebated plank door-jamb, 4 inch out


eid-.' and irisiJo casings, and a white-pine door with four plain panels. The door is
to be */ Inchfcs thick, hung with stout, loose butt-hinges, and fitted with a good lock,
inside bolts, and neat and durable trimmings.

Windows. All the windows inside and out, excepting those in the cellar, are
to have box-frames with' 2 inch sills and yokes, and 1 inch inside, outside, and back
casings ; and staff-beads of white pine for those in the brick walls ; but no back cas-
ings or staff-beads for those in the wooden partitions. They are to have 1 inch
pulley-stiles, inch inside, and | inch parting beads of hard pine.

Each of the above windows is to be fitted with two If inch white-pine sashes,
moulded and coped. The lower sasheu in the inside of partition-windows are to be
firmly secured to the frames ; the upper sashes in the said windows, and both sashes
in each of the other windows, are to be Lung with best flax sash-lines, steel axle-
pulleys, and round iron counter-weights, and fitted with bronze sash-fastenings, to
cost $7 per dozen. They are to have pockets neatly cut into the pulley-stiles,
and secured by brass screws. Each window is to be cased as shown by the draw-
ings, and finished with moulded stools and moulded architraves, as therein repre-
sented. The upper sash of each and every window in all the halls and staircases is
invariably to be hung and fastened.

The cellar-windows are to have white-pine rebated plank frames, and a single sash
each. The sashes to be hung with stout iron hinges, and fitted with neat and dura-
ble buttons and catches.

The skylight frames are to be of thoroughly-seasoned, clear, white-pine stock,'
rebated for the sashes, put together with white lead, and finished off in a neat and
d-trable manner.

Doors. All the doors are to be made of thoroughly-seasoned, clear, white-pine
stock ; the outside doors to both front and rear being 2 inches thick, the principal
doors in the rooms and entries If, and the closet doors 1^ inches thick. The out-
side doors are to be made in the forms shown on the drawings ; are to be hung with
three sets of 5 inch, ornamental, bronzed, loose, butt-hinges, and fitted with locks,
bolts, and trimmings, to be selected by the superintendent, and to cost for such
locks, bolts, and trimmings, the sum of $6 exclusive of the cost of putting on. The
basement doors are to have locks, trimmings, bolts, and loose butt-hinges, to cost
$5 to each door. The doors to the entries, rooms, and closets, are to have four
moulded panels to each, and are to be of the sizes marked on the plans. All are
to be hung with stout, iron, loose butt-hinges. Those for the storerooms, pantries
between the different rooms, and the entry doors, are to have locks and trimmings
to cost $5 to each door, on the average. The doors to the bedrooms, closets
and to the water-closets, are to have mortised spring-latches with knobs, &c., to
correspond to those to the other doors ; and each water-closet is to be fitted with
an inside brass bolt, neat and durable. The doors to the coal-bins are to be made
of matched and mill-planed white-pine stock, battened ; are to be hung with stout
strap-hinges ; and each is to be fitted with a


The fly-doors of tlic vestibule are to be l\ inches thick, -with plain panels. They
are to be hung with loose butts, double-action springs of a satisfactory quality; brass
bolts to the top and bottom of one half, and a lock to the other half. This door, or
the outside door, at the option of the superintendent, is to have a lever night-lock
of good quality, with fifty (50) keys.

The inside doors are to be finished with hard-pine thresholds, 2 inch rebated
and beaded frames of white pine, and architraves to correspond with the window-
finish in the various parts of the building.

The outside doors are to be hung to 3 inch plank frames, properly dogged to
the thresholds ; and jambs finished inside like the inside door, and outside with

Blinds. Each window (excepting those in the basement and French roof) on
the exterior of the building is to have a pair of 1 \ inch mortised slat-blinds, made
with rebated and beaded stiles, and three rails to each. They are to be hung with
the best quality of blind-hinges, and fitted with satisfactory fastenings.

Stairs. The stairs are to be framed with deep spruce-plank stringers and
handings and winders, as shown on the drawings. They are to have white-pine
string and gallery finish, hard-pine risers, treads, and balusters. The balusters to
be round, and l\ inches in diameter. The posts are to be 10 inches square, and
the newels 5 inches. They are to be moulded and capped, and the post panelled
as per drawings. The rail is to be 3^ inches in width, and of a satisfactory pat-
tern. The posts, rails, and newels are to be of thoroughly-seasoned black walnut ;
and the rails are to be not less than 3 feet high. The stairs to the cellar are to be
framed with plank stringers, and to be finished with planed pine-plank risers, and

Online LibraryTheophilus ParsonsLaws of business for all the states of the Union : with forms and directions for all transactions. And abstracts of the laws of all the states and territories on the various topics → online text (page 11 of 70)