Copyright
Thomas A. Smith.

Twelfth Annual Report of the Bureau of Statistics and Information of Maryland. 1903. Thomas A. Smith, Chief. (Volume 1904) online

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coal and one by coal. All used gas or electricity for lighting
purposes. The water closets of these buildings were drained
into the sewers and all the power used was electricity, gas or
steam. One of the shops worked ten and a-half hours a day,
three ten hours, and four nine and a-half hours. In all of them
a half hour was allowed for lunch and in one of the factories
fines were imposed for negligence. All goods were made on
the premises, except in one case, where some of the work was
done in private families. The means of egress in case of fire



STATISTICS AND INr'ORMATlON. I3I

were uniformly g'oocl, except in one instance. Separate wash-
rooms were provided for females in seven establishments, but
none in the other one. One building had six water closets,
three had five, two had four, one had three and one had two.
All report the water closets as being separate for sexes and
the general sanitary conditions and the conditions of the water
•closets were reported good. '

UMBRELLAS.

This industry is comparatively a new one in this city, though
•one of the factories inspected has been in existence for a num-
ber of years, but it is only within the last five years that the
business has grown to the proportions that now exist. Of the
seven factories inspected, four were owned by native Ameri-
cans, two by Germans and two by Russians. They all occupy
front buildings and the rooms are located in the front of these
buildings. Five of the rooms utilized are on the first, four on
the fourth floor, one on the second, one on the sixth and one
on the seventh floors of the respective buildings. There is
ample air space for all employed.

Three hundred and twenty-one persons are employed in
these seven factories, of which number 48 are males and 273
females, and five of the females are reported to be under six-
teen years of age. The workrooms were all clean and the
ventilation good. Six of these places were heated by coal and
one by steam. Five used gas and two electricity for lighting
purposes, and all of them had sewerage drainage, except one,
which drained into a well. Electricity was used in all the
places for machine power. Five of the factories worked nine
and a-half hours, one nine and a quarter hours and one worked
ten hours a day. All of them worked a short day on Satur-
day in the summer and from seven to eight hours on Saturday
in the winter. Six of the factories allowed a half hour for
lunch, one three-quarters of an hour and one allowed one hour.
All goods were made on the premises and the means of egress
in case of fire were plenty in all cases but one. Two of the
places provided w^ashrooms for the females and five did not.

One of the buildings had five water closets attached, two
had three, one had four, one had eight and two had two each.



132 RKl'ORT OF THE 15UREAU OF

all of them had separate closets for sexes. The general sani-
tary conditions and the condition of the closets are reported
good in all cases.

CIGARS, CIGARETTES, SMOKING TOBACCO, ETC.

This long established business in Baltimore was only in-
spected in the large establishments. These ten factories are
owned by five Germans, four Americans and one Russian.
They all occupy front buildings and the workrooms are all
located in the front of these buildings. One of the work-
rooms is in the cellar, one on the first floor, nine on the second
floor, five on the third floor, ten on the fourth floor, three on
the fifth floor, two on the sixth floor, one on the seventh floor
and one on the eighth floor of the buildings, and one of the
places is reported as having less than the required number of
cubic feet of space for the employees.

One thousand nine hundred and eighty-one persons are em-
ployed in these ten establishments, of whom 410 are males
and 1,571 are females; 18 of the males and 83 of the females
are under sixteen years of age. The workrooms are all clean
and the ventilation good. Nine of the buildings were heated
by steam, and one by coal ; six were lighted by electricity and
four by gas. In nine of them the closets drained to the sewer
and one of them into a w^ell. Steam power was used through-
out and the working hours were as follows : One establish-
ment worked eight and one-half hours, one nine hours, one
nine and one-half hours, one nine and three-quarter hours,
two ten hours, and one nine and ten hours a day. Four of
these establishments report the lunch hour as irregular, two of
them report one hour for lunch and four of them a half hour
for lunch. In one factory fines are imposed. All had suffi-
cient means of egress in case of fire and all manufactured all
goods on the premises. In five buildings separate washrooms
were provided for females and in five they were not. There
was an ample number of water closets in all cases, and all of
them provided separate closets for the sexes. The condition
of the closets and the general sanitary conditions were re-
ported good.

In one factory 25 negresses were employed as strippers.















\

I








TABLE 3-— Ladies' Skirts.




_




































In«|iecllon.


DIrlliplacc of


or P*rt'i»tly


1

h
&


1


i.

%l


Inspected.


i
-J


If

j=5




Whole
Number
Employed.


Number
l^mploycd


t


Jl


1
1


^


1


1 .


J


'^l2 .

111

||s

a"'


5
1

II


■s
1

1^


1

r


h

i

r


il

Jii


||

Is

3


2


il


.1
1


1

t
3


^DweTllni."


1


j


s


1




1


11







Juir «

July »o

July"

July «

July 10

July 1!


r.crnany

CemiBny

New Jersey..

Maryland

HiinitDry




From

I'ront


Pront

Front

Front....

I'ront

Front

Front

I!««r

Front

Rat.'.'.'.'.'
Kat. '.'.'.'.'


Third !*.'.'.'
Third....
I'ifib

Pi"!:::::

Sccon<l...

Second..
Third...

Second..
Second..
Second..,


iox63-6«S4

iox6j.6i[S4 - - -


431863

s8.7Sa
I'Ml

S.I6!)
1.647


3.4S6

'•'■'M

g6i


Om« ood mock room

Is ."i'l", "''"•"hi'iici' 'a'n'd 'axk". :;::::::::


J


1






::::::


;:::::


Yes...

yh'. : ;

Yes...

Yes...
Yes...

Yes. . .

y"'.''.

Yes- . .


Good

Fair
Good
SSSd


Coal,,..
Steam. .
Coal....

Coal....
Coal....


Gas

Gas

Electric. . .
Gas

Electric
Gas


Sewerage.
Sewerage,

Sewerage.


Gas

Electric...
Electric. . .

Electric. . .


9M


Winter 8!^ hours...
Summer y^ day....


I hour

H hour
J^ liour


Yes




Yes....

Ye.....
Yes. . . .
Yes. . . .

Ye.....


Yes....

No

Ye.....
Yes....

No

No




Yes....

No

Yes....

No


Good..

Good..
Good..
Good..


G


1. I'lcWry....




No


I'amilics.






■ 7.6x6j.6xs4

61x16.9x7.10






6 macir a 2 labia and stock


;










Good..
Good..


1, ruiory,...
















j,r«toty....


Ladles; Skffls and Chll-
Ladles' Skirls and KI-


0X38.6x1?


a tables. I stove, shelves and «»tk




;::.::






Winter 8 hours

Summer y^ day....

Wittier gyi hours..
Summer 'A day....








Yes

No


Priv.ite


tH..,o„....


s;i-,',",'.j.v.v.v.-.-.-.-


14 machines, 4 tables, chairs and stock

8 machines. 4 tables, 8 chairs, rack

,1 tables, 1 desk, 8 boxes and stock


'•














i. Pwlory....


\ '










Well


Electric


Fair


























i..,x. 1,10x10





!■ I'"*Hlng..,
I l>«tUina.,,



Germany. .
llUnoii....



It



CorMls and Duitlea.



.Corsets, Shin Waliti



je«ond.
rhSd..'.


II.IOXIB.9X33.8
ti.8XiniS.9...

lafctiyxiS*...


Second.


^fi.o.,«»..


Second.




Flr«...


ts.7x>i.ioxn.3



nil



TABLE 4.— Corsets.



i sbelvt






' 3 tobies



e and stock. .



I machines, s lal

t machines, i tabtv, $ chairs, t cupboard

I machines, 3 tables and 5 chairs

S mtcbincs, 3 ubies, s chain and stock. .



Whole
Employed.



Well,
Well.



Irregular



1=




lABLb 1.— Coat Fad Manufacturing.




-"• -


1!


or PirliBlly


1

6 _
1=


i


1


'Its-


=1
-1


■"^s

m


'"'"""::::::.''"'"


ElXo'd


£E;i


Hmploycd


6

So 3


j


^


^


1

1


1


Ill

i


i


1


= 1




is
II


1

i


i
11


i
6

1


1


„.„„..


,|




1




1


1






J*=»

J"i> J


Maryland,

Maryland .




p„„,..




is;;

Second.

&3:


■■




is;


="-■"■•''*-"'=•'-' - .




.0






:::::




1


11;^


s......







.0,™..





'


- '


la...


Hardly. .


^.







CO....


Good




zo mathincs. .„ tables^, tl.iir., 34 boxes..






























■-—'-—■■■


'






^' ""■■""*'"' """"■'"


Y„..


Go.d.












V,Sr<". ■:::.■.■.■:
























":";;;; ::::::■;






3 machinw slock






;::;:


:::::






F,rM ,. ■


""'""' s° ='""■•" '»"■


Coo.d..




S;;L, , ; :<?;H


.so machmcs, 4 lollcs. so boxes


■so-
























'





TABLE 2. — Ladies' Wrappers.





■r.;:;!.


"^2-"'


'~"


8
■3 .


^1

•si




'— "


Il

li


1


- — - "-


Number


Employed


Employed


1


1


1


a


^


1
1


ill


1


|l


II

Si


. 1

If




it


1?


1

1


1
II


1
1

3


1








1


1


1


1


1


1




P«lo,


6


"""'■"'




From....


fS:;;


::?•■


.-•.i>,.s„s.,


■8.74.


4-6as


3 mac


qg-pS^I^Soo;;:


:;


-.r










iS::::!::!-::::


S.oon,


Cos


Sewerofre


"■■"


9W hours,


Ltll-


■^ '""' "°


''""" '•"""■■


Va....


Yo,....


*


Yos....


Good..


Good..


0.=«i..


















"■"'°"'"




.r«.r.


y^l?i;:h:












•"■»>-.











Yti...


Fair





Table 5.— Ladies' Waists.





In.pLtJo>i.


£>nhpliLce


^1?"'


1


s


1?
1


-'.,iA-


i


is
III


-" - -""■'"


Employed.


gsr;«


UnSc^/ia


1






J


1


S


ill

=1:
III


s

i


■s

1




1
11

"a
V'




Si


ii


1


1

II
1-


§

•s


1


Dwellmg.


si I


4


1


■g


1


1


1


1 1


p


I.CIOf


^"'^'^




W....C,....


IP


B-






4.ao8


...'■°.°.'.








;'::;


■I;









Go d Coal


'^"*











IZ


Vf.


IZ


?SK5J..


i::.


v::.:


,„




C..d..














Good


cam..


Sewerage


GuEnn


s™«d...






™,°d.'v


„,„„






.; SSfel.,";rb«'i""-.hi": ::::::::;:::
















i???-" - -


?; sr/i '.S;rVss:.'"i/'S::::::






















6? SSii° '{StaTiok;;: ::::::;:;::::


...'...


;. 1






SSS::::::-.-.








1 1 ij










S I'aclor?




,S laM... ,. b.,„^ „..htojry^.„d »od.


s


:;;::fe:
















i6,„.„


TM„ hma =nd =ud<


,.






.0.,..


S;:






ii














(. I'flclory


gs;j:::::::::


Boxes.'slodc nnd utiea. ..!!!"!!!!!! !1 !! !


:;;:;;








4M Udur.




















J, ,:,„„,,,


SIS^IJ;:::::::


T,bta. ma=Jin..,b.x». ..jd,


"






Mr >s


,!S^5!"S!iir'^i!if ■■■■■■■■■'■■'






«. Dwelling...


;::::::::.•;


c..,,..


.


G^























Table No 6— Boys


and Children


s Wear




































r..i.r,,


' —




1


1

o

j!


h

U
is


" - ""


l5

1


ii


"'""r^r /"'""•


EmXVd.


Emnloycd


^


It
1


s
1
1




1

2


1

5


i
.1


1

=1!


1

If

1^


1


SiS




1^


ill
i


i

Si:




5

1

1


1
1






1


1


>


1


1


1


1


1 ro 10


, 1


M 1 i]


B • n nlr


E=::


::


'SIS:';:::;


.,j6o' -".


,S „.ol,io... ^0 Mte, 6 oM„. , Jo.k, ,.


'













iz...


as


coo,....


Gm


Sewerage.
Sewerage.


0......


..




M lour
Si hoor


::::;•




"


'




.ood..














■ lordly.


Va...




, V.«o,




«™.«.o..J_o,,.,,..30^b.„..3,ob,„..,.oW














'*"""■




;>i




3 Factory


rrmTr^-ir""


t bl b d t k












,^


Good






S.v.Ul,.
















« doy

y. doy




. F.o,o„










Maryland


ass'';;w!?;''«^:i" -


!Zi' £;E? - ::-:J


" ffiS TboS'? d'^o'i


V


\
















J. r.c.o.y


, ubio. , n,„M„o ood ..otk




I.






flood








' miibm^""'' ' "!;'■"■ " " d ■ V "i[






P,„o,oF..I,roo






nj.al s.sso


- toblo. 3 oU.i,, 4 bo„.








Ixl^^S




" iibk'rr'br""' rr"' ''°"'




Good. .




3 toblos sholvos a d SI ok






7. D»clliTiB....


bl d k I •


''


...:..










S. Dwollina....


My^.^




SJS-ss^,?'


,.,o„.


H„,....




..,..


'..,


.-„,-,.. d„k, 3 ™b,.„, „„„.,, „V.„0..









,■"•■■■■


No....


Good..



w























Table


7-—


Overalls


, Shirts and


Drawers


































,....,


f


1


lij P


lli '


Emp^ycd.


"if^


UnSL^'is


1


i
1




J


1


J


1


1


1
<


i


1

is


";5;sv^?AS"


ill

.s5


Ii

i


Is

i


5
1

II


1

1
1




'^Uw'jriing'''


■fflS^'


.........


1




1


1


1


i


1




Augiut j8..
Aususi 38..

AugUlt 37. .

AUBUM37..
Au8U«a4-.
Au(ru.l«..







I:




g;;


S|.;:;;:-;


ill




lsl;p|.'^^'Ss,v'i:;?yiin;


J


'






z:




s


gs:l


-;::


Gas


S;-


a'lir.'.'.'.'




K J'J


«,»...


v„.


......




U.r.ll,


Zz


'


v>...


H:


l°l.


1. Paclorjr..








■:?''''''.,''V:^''|^;:::-:::








« to




3 y


"''^'''"*'


No


„ . „ ,..


* n 7


ry n


o..„„..s,„„.„a ■=,„„,.




o!:.':.':.'::


;;° ;;;;:;;;° ;-;;;;:;;


t V '


M "^ a






- , ;.;,.■ S^5„S^.i..:::;


..."..






OicrMf, Shirts and Drawers.











i::.


.,...«„,...




AuMria, Maryland.








S:


r 1 .■ 1


■Hi


''i


r II k 1




«:■•


■;~; - '






32 macl.incs. "j^'^''=|j-s. ^^^^"


I






Factory


:::::::: :::::r:.:r':":::::::


ir ?


II. rwtory..


Maryland, Gennany
PcDtuylrania


Good.


i;


Cl


IS. FncloiT..


1J:1;;";1SI;|::::






'






4 , , . . J


t 1











































































Table 8.— Shirts.






.X'






^win



P





























TABLE


9-


-Shoes.






































.....


:S^.


=s—


r^


1

Is


1

s


1


-L-r


ii

=5


■5-B


'"'""r;:.n"""'


EmpTy'd'


51^


^


ill


1


^




■|


.i


1

-If
111


1

II


1
1


S


1
'1
1 =


si


|S


as
Is


"Ji


J


1


Dwollms-


^


1


1


1


1


1


j!


.;!


J


1 Pactary


September 4..
September g..


Maryland

Maryland


■•"


:.i:::::


■"-■•


"°°'"


tS':


,,,„,.„„,


'"■"::


s.SSs


6 ma h- .5 box<:s . blc


■;


::











vi::


eS::::


'^&i.


^


Sewerage


L...




Irrc ula.


H 1,0....
M bou...




-■■■


=


Yes.....


-■


'


-■••


Good.


- Faclo


.6 mackints. 3 aWa, 2 ...v., .nd s.ock..










Good.


Facor •









fv=',|'dSr:;::


r.ofl


4. Faaory




Good












feVLSf;;;;.




S. Factory




Good.




;tS!:S.";:::;






j










6 Factory


»l SSS": 8",3f ."bil,"™;;::::::




J. Factory


fi hours


IZ"


:::::::::::


Good.


E. Factory












Good.




ib.„,. I „ck,














'







TABLE 10.— Umbrellas.



Fartory,


Inipeclion.


"^£ -


or Partially


y

!i


li"
ft


i

Si


- ""


li


i


'"'"t;:.:::.^"'""


rr„


Number


Employed


il


1


,




f



j


111

Ji


s


1


•s

ll

Si


11

^i1


il
1


1

li

P


f
1

11


i

6


i


Dwdlins.


1


1


1


1


1


i








-"•■


:::::.


:E;


- -w*^


iii




h' S boxes 35 ha- s




::











-■■■■


cUd '

Good....


Coal


C.


S.«.„.e


Ele.«e..


.0


S^omme, M d.y^.. ,^ ^^


I:


Ve....







Ve...


Goad






Seplcmber 18.


















^






i SESS: ,^,,te"» d,.iS*'-i,,..;::







:;;:::




?v"£Sr.=b'=::;


:::::;::






SJISJ;;.!::::::::


Scwcrage|Elcclric. .












::!"::.: r!ir>::i::::r




"::::


Eleelrie
























::;:::"::::::::












::i::;'i;;;"!r














S;,T5 Sr-.-.










































7 Factorr































\























TABLE n.— Cigars, Cigarettes and Smoliing Tobacco.


1
































Inspection.


-as.-'


^sxr


p


1

y


3.d

si
1^


-■'.."i?tT


li


ii


'-■'z:::::r''"


nSVd


^


sxfi'


if


1
1


I
1^


J


1




I


g
1


1


i


1^

<•


i


1


8 ii


J f


....


1


1


1


1


1


1




.1 :j




S.plcmb« ...
Stplcmbcr i..
Seplcmbcr i..
Sepi™b« =..

Sepltmbcr s -
SepWmber B.


r:::


-—


-"-


lii;.


fUtV


S8:S:.',:!SH;S;;::


11

89, too

IS


3.B:
1


t bl b U




1










g:::.


§S:::
Sol:::.

a;3::::


S,oa„.


Ga,


;z:




!.S4


^


— -1




....


I:




I::


L






« tobt... a. b.,0., , tttocbtno, ,. dtatro.


'8




























V...






























llill;;::;;::

ISS:::::;:-.
3JSjg;;:::;::::

S6,3„„


,ro..,rtabl,,.^t_d.*. 6 b.,0,


■..,»..












SlrippinBandCiEarillw....


























4. Factory








Maryland




sZ"








S Facto


.^iSbiS; ',5 bS'rt-S; ;i SV- ::::::::




« Factory










"■""■""■■■■"




^' ''°"''






; Factory


liiiii;!


';




T








Sto.™...






.SSS;!:::;::::::






Smoking Tobacco






1










,. Factor,


ii.m'''


iSiii


,; SIsj'tM'il? Sk'r!": :::::■:




T.










Snud































STATISTICS AND INFORMATION. I33



Biiead— pifodacisioq and Distribution.



At the suggestion of Professor Jacob H. Hollander, of
Johns Hopkins University, we took up the question of mak-
ing an investigation into the food supply of the City of Bal-
timore. An investigation such as was really desired and con-
templated should have embraced the source of supply, quan-
tity, weight, price, labor and wages; and should have extended,
to make it complete, into the three principal food products,
bread, milk and meat. This, however, was entirelj' out of
the question, owing to the limited means at the command of
the Bureau, and the fact that so many of our business men,
merchants and manufacturers do not seem to realize that the
information sought by the agents of this Bureau is for the
enlightenment and benefit of themselves and the people at
large.

These business men and manufacturers, to a large extent,
refuse to furnish figures and facts about their business, fear-
ing that it may result in having their tax assessment raised
by the tax officers, or in exposing their private aff"airs to
'their competitors. Of course this is not the fact, as all the
information secured is of a purely confidential character, and
at no time is it published in such shape that the individual
business of any manufacturer may be discovered.

Then again there are those who refuse to furnish informa-
tion because there is no authority vested in the Bureau to
demand answers, and these seem to think that the investi-
gators are simply prying into their private business for the
purpose of furnishing information to labor organizations or
their employees.

With these almost insurmountable obstacles in the way,
we have been able to gather statistics of the Bread-Making
Industry only to the extent of about one-half of the manu-
facturers of the city, and in the following tables we present
these facts just as we f^ad them by establishments.



134 REPORT OF THE BUREAU OF

There are probably 450 baking establishments of all
sizes and character in the City of Baltimore.
Many of these, however, do not bake anything but
pies and cakes, and these in such small quantities and
under such circumstances as preclude the possibility of
securing an}^ data from them as to their daily production.
Then, again, many of these 450 establishments use their
materials indiscriminately in the production of bread, pies
and cakes, keeping no separate account of how much of each
article is produced, or how much of the raw material goes
into the production of each article.

In nearly every case it was found impossible to secure cor-
rect information as to the amount of material other than
flour used in the industry. However, we give the figures
we have gathered, with these explanations, in the hope that,
in future attempts at securing correct information as to these
industries we may be backed up by something stronger than
the mere request of a State department.

In the 147 establishments visited we probably reached the
greatest producers of bread, pies and cakes in the commu-
nity, and from this basis we may be safe in saying that we
have at least one-half of the total product of the city; and if
this be so, it will not be hard to make an estimate of the total
production of bread and its distribution by the bakeries and
manufacturers of Baltimore.

In the table that follows we give the number of establish-
ments, the character of the concern and the amount of cap-
ital invested; whether the property occupied is owned or
rented; the monthly rental of the property, and the assessed
value of the same when owned. The table shows a total of
140 establishments owned by individuals, 5 by partnerships
and 2 by corporations, with a total invested capital of
$210,090. Of these establishments 52 rented the property
which they occupied, and 95 owned the same, while the
assessed value of the property thus owned amounted to
$241,675.



STATISTICS AND INFORMATION.



135



CHARACTER OF CONCERNS, CAPITAL INVESTED, ETC.



is



w



3
4
5
6

7
8

9

10
II
12
13
14
15
16

17
18

19
20



23
24

25
26

27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42

43
44
45
46

47



Individual,
Partnership

or
Corporation.



Individual.

Individual.

Individual. '

Individual.

Individual.

Individual.

Individual.

Individual.

Individual.

Individual.

Partnership.

Individual.

Individual.

Individual.

Individual.

Individual.

Individual.

Individual.

Individual

Corporation.

Individual.

Individual.

Individual.

Individual.

Individual.

Individual.

Individual.

Individual.

Individual.

Individual.

Individual.

Individual.

Individual.

Individual.

Individual.

Individual.

Individual.

Individual.

Individual.

Individual.

Individual.

Individual.

Individual.

Individual.

Individual.

Individual.

Individual.

Individual.



Capital
Invested.



$ 300
100
500
3.500
150
200
300
'400

2CO
ICO
300
500
200
100
100
100
100
100
500
25,000
500
100
200
ICO
TOO
1,000
1,000
500
400
300
500
IOC

200

500

200

500

400
1,000

100
1,000
1,000

40
300

200

300

1,000
1,000

300



Property

Occupied,

Owned

or
Rented.



Rented.

Rented.

Owned.

Owned.

Owned.

Owned.

Owned.

Owned.

Owned.

Owned.

Owned.

Owned.

Owned.

Owned.

Ownied.

Owned.

Owned.

Owned.

Rented.

Rented.

Owned.

Owned.

Owned.

Owned.

Owned.

Rented.

Rented.

Owned.

Rented.

Rented.

Owned.

Owned.

Owned.

Rented.

Owned.

Owned.

Rented.

Rented.

Rented.

Owned.

Owned.

Owned.

Rented.

Owned.

Owned.

Rented.

Owned.

Rented.




25 00
166 50



25 00
40 00

35 00
30 00



30 00



35 00
35 00
18 00



25 00

35 00
25 00



I, goo
2,500
1,000
1,500
2,000
1,200
1,900
1,700
1,000
2,000
1,000
1,000
1,800
1,000
l,ooO

1,500



3,000

1,500

2,000
2,000

500



2,500



2,000
1,000
1,800

2,000
1,000



3,000

3.500

2,200

2,000
1,800

10,000



136



REPORT OF THE BUREAU OF



Character of Concerns, Capital Invested, Etc. — Coniinued.



49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58

59
60
61
62

63
64

65
66

67
68
69
70

71
72

73

74
75
76

77
78

79
80
81
82

83
84

85
86

87



90

91
92

93

94
95
96

97



Individual
Partnership

or
Corporation.



Individual.

Individual.

Individual.

Individual.

Individual.

Individual.

Individual.

Individual.

Partnership.

Individual.

Individual.

Individual.

Individual.

Individual.

Individual.

Individual.

Individual.

Individual.

Individual.



Online LibraryThomas A. SmithTwelfth Annual Report of the Bureau of Statistics and Information of Maryland. 1903. Thomas A. Smith, Chief. (Volume 1904) → online text (page 13 of 30)