Thomas A. Smith.

Twelfth Annual Report of the Bureau of Statistics and Information of Maryland. 1903. Thomas A. Smith, Chief. (Volume 1904) online

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and fruit.

The county lies high and is healthy, the annual death rate, being
about 9 to the 1,000. The land is rolling, and is well watered by nu-
merous streams, which also furnish excellent water power for mills
and manufactories. Good land ranges in value from $25 to $100 per
acre and ordinary from $10 to $20. Farm labor is from $10 to $15 per
month, with board.


There is a variety of soils. In Taneytown district the red lands
are found ; in Uniontown district, limestone, slate and flint ; in Myers'
district, gray rock, flint and, loam; in Manchester district, limestone,
yellow slate and rotten rock ; in Middleburg district, red land and
gravel soil; in New Windsor district, slate and limestone; in Union
Bridge district, gray rock and blue and yellow slate. These districts
are all in the northern section of the county. In Woolery's district,
the land is gray rock, flint and loam ; in Freedom district, gray stone,
slate and rotten rock ; in Westminster district, limestone and yellow
and blue slate; in Hampstead, clay and some slate; in Franklin, slate
and clay; in Mt. Airy, gray rock and blue and yellow slate. The upper
part of the county is more hilly than the lower and is more highly
improved. The lower part has much highly improved land also, and
all of it is susceptible of high cultivation.


Iron ore, copper, lead, gold, marble, soapstone, brown stone, blue
and gray limestone are found in the county, and there is much fine
timber of all varieties, principally oak, hickory, chestnut and locust.


Westminster, the county seat, is located centrally in the county, and
has a population of 3,496. The other incorporated towns are Taney-
town,* population 665; Union Bridge, 663; New Windsor, 430; Man-
chester, 609; Hampstead, 480; Mt. Airy, 532. The unincorporated
villages, ranging in population from 75 to 300, are Sykesville, Union-
town, Union Mills, Silver Run, Frizzellburg, Patapsco, Camber, Finks-
burg, Harney, Melrose, Warfieldsburg and Greenmount.



The railroad facilities of Carroll are good. The Western Maryland
Railroad, now a part of the Wabash system, crosses the centre of the
county from east to west; the Baltimore & Ohio cro.sses the extreme
lower part of the county; the Baltimore & Hanover branch of the
Western Maryland runs along the eastern border and the Frederick
branch of the Pennsylvania Railroad runs a'long the western border,
while the Bachman Valley Railroad extends into Carroll about five
miles to the Chestnut Hill iron ore mines, which furnishes the most of
its trafific. Surveys have been made for the Washington, Westminster
and Gettysburg Railroad, from Washington, via Westminster, to Get-
tysburg, and it will cross the centre of the county, from north to south.


The administration of county affairs, by a board of three County
Commissioners, is most excellent. The tax rate is 45 cents on the $ioc
for county purposes, and a special rate of from 8 to 18 cents for roads
and bridges, fixed by district road commissioners. The tax rate is the
lowest in the State and has been for years. Last year $21,134.79 were
spent on roads and small bridges ; $1,660 for outdoor pensioners, and
an excellent home and farm is maintained for the poor. The county
debt is but $8,175.


The people of Carroll are generally moral and upright, and a
majority are religious. Churches are numerous, many of them being
large and of handsome architecture. All the leading denominations
are represented — Episcopal, Roman Catholic, Lutheran, Reformed,
Methodist Protestant, Methodist Episcopal and Presbyterian. There
are also German Baptists, United Brethren and Church of God houses
of worship.


Carrroll County has fine educational facilities, ranging from the
primary school of the strictly rural district to Western Maryland Col-
lege, where the county has twenty-six pupils in addition to the two
State pupils. There are 140 public schools in the county and 180
teachers, and the county owns 130 schoolhouses. The Westminster
High School is at the head of the public school system. To this
school some scholars outside of the school district are admitted. In
addition there is a manual training school in Westminster, and there
are graded schools at Manchester, Hampstead and Union Bridge ; West-
ern Maryland College ; at New Windsor is New Windsor College, the


successor of Calvert College; Maryland Collegiate Institute, at Union
Bridge; Warfield College, near New Freedom; the Westminster Theo-
logical Seminary, at Westminster, and 140 public schools, a high school,
three graded schools, a manual training school and four colleges
shows that Carroll is well supplied with educational facilities.


No community anywhere is better supplied with banking facilities.
There are three national banks, a savings bank and a trust company
bank in Westminster, a national bank in New Windsor, and two State
banks in Taneytown, one each in Uniontown, Union Bridge, Manches-
ter, Hampstead, Union Mills and Sykesville, besides a private bank in
Westminster and one in Mount Airy. The combined capital of the
banks is $583,000; surplus and undivided profits, $382,606; deposits,
$2,904,968. The deposits with the private bankers would probably
bring the total deposits up to $3,000,000.


While Carroll is generally known as an agricultural section, numer-
ous industries are carried on and the output is over $2,000,000 in value,
not counting two whiskey distilleries, one of small and the other of large
capacity, and about fifty mills which make flour, cornmeal and feed;
nor the product of saw mills, which turn out lumber and railroad ties
in large quantities ; nor canning establishments. The canning indus-
try in Carroll is getting quite large, and this year a new one has been
established and two that have been idle several years have been put
in operation. The capital invested in plants is probably $225,000, and
the output is about $275,000. The canning season is short and about
1,000 persons are employed in the busy season. About $145,000 are
paid in salaries and wages.

The largest factory in the county is the Oakland Woolen Mills, in
Freedom district, which employs 154 men, twent}'-six women and
thirty-two children, a total of 212 persons, with an annual pay roll of
$70,000. Next comes the railroad shops of the Western Maryland
Railroad, at Union Bridge, with 150 employees and a pay roll of
$156,000. The tannery of England & Bryan, three miles east of
Westminster, comes next in importance. The employees number fifty
men; the capital invested is $200,000, the output is large and the annual
wages $25,000.

Seven steam flour mills have an invested capital of $108,000, employ
fifty-seven men, pay $24,410 in wages, and the value of their products is
$172,500. There are probably fifty more grist mills in the county, in
value $100,000, and whose products perhaps reach $200,000. Butter
and ice cream factories are numerous. Some establishments make both


butter and ice cream and others butter alone, while there are numerous
small ice cream factories. Reports from twelve of the larger factories
show a combined capital of $37,600, an output of $97,136, twenty-seven
employees and an annual pay roll of $7,530.

In the .three large fertili/cer factories $51,000 are invested. The
value of the output is $108,000, the employees number eighteen and
$4,240 are paid in wages annually.

The cigar making industry is an extensive one, and the factories
are mostly located in the upper districts. In fourteen of the more
important ones the capital invested is $47,000, the value of the product
is $278,000, and they employ 143 men, eighty-three women and twenty-
nine children, a total of 254, whose wages amount to $47,000. There are
a number of small factories, located in villages or on farms, which
would make the whole number of persons engaged in the business
about 274, and show an additional capital of $3,000 and an output of

Ladies' wrappers are made at Union Bridge and men's shirts at
Westminster. The capital of these establishments is about $18,000, the
■employees number 113, $15,800 are paid out in wages, and the value
of the product is $182,300.

There are lime kilns, stone quarries, harness factories, confectioneries,
bakeries, marble yards, broom factories, brick yards and a great variety
of small industries, and room for many more. The various streams of
the county are capable of turning the wheels of great factories, in addi-
tion to furnishing power to many mills now located on them, and it
is a wonder that the excellent and never-failing power afforded has not
been availed of. There are numerous eligible sites for large mills
on the banks of Patapsco Falls, along which runs the Western Maryland
Railroad, which is now a part of the great Wabash system, and which
will afford excellent shipping facilities.

Among the other industries of Carroll County may be inclbded the
following :

Flour and Feed — C. A. Runkles & Company, Mount Airy; Rein-
dollar & Company, Taneytown ; Roberts, Roop & Company, Nathan G.
Gorsuch, Son & Company, Milling Ice and Cold Storage Company,
Westminster; D. H. Millinder, Hampstead; R. B. Myers, Union
Bridge — Number of employees, 61 ; value of total product, $270,391 ;
capital invested, $96,000; amount paid annually in wages, $21,250.

Ice and Water — Ice and Cold Storage Company, Citizens' Water
Company, Westminster — Number of employes, 7; capital invested,
$57,000; amount paid annually in wages, $3,341.

Canned Goods — Smith, Yingling & Company, B. F. Shriver &
Company, Westminster ; B. F. Shriver & Company, Union Mills ; B. F.
Shriver & Company, New Windsor; Spencer & Baldwin, Hampstead;
Elias B. Arnold, Smallwood ; Lewis Shipley, Gamber ; Miller & Moore,


New Windsor — Number of employees, 900 ; value of total product,
$338,000; capital invested, $227,000; amount paid annually in wages,

Ice Cream and Butter — Pleasant Valley Creamery Company, Pleas-
ant Valley; Lantz Brothers, New Windsor; I. David Crowl, Westmin-
ster; Ivaii H. Sayers, Smallwood; J. U. Beacham, Avondale — Number
of employees, 15; value of total product, $46,000; capital invested,
$10,100; amount paid annually in wages, $3,568.

Butter, Milk and Eggs — Spring Lake Dairy Farm, Greenmount;
Myers & Arthur, Frizzellburg ; Wakefield Creamery, Wakefield Station ;
Clay & Clary, Mt. Airy; C. M. Murray, Hampstead; R. N. Fleagle,
Melrose and Cranberry — Number of employees, 16; value of total
product, $108,000; capital invested, $26,500; amount paid annually
in wages, $3,310.

Cigars — Geo. A. Bixler, Harvey W. Stein, John Leffert, Westminster;
John Esteline, W. H. Shoemaker, Heineman Brothers, Hampstead ;
E. C. Sauerhammer, F. S. Staley, Taneytown; W. D. Hanson, C. E-
Bette & Company, Chas. Brilhart, C. M. Masenheimer, W. L. Hoffman,
W. N. Gettier, Manchester — Number of employees, 254; value of total pro-
duct, $278,050; capital invested, $47,900; amount paid annually in
wages, 146,990.

Carriages and Wagons — J. E. Eckenrode, Herr & Babylon, J. H.
Sullivan, Westminster; Chas. G. Sprecker, Mount Airy; Maisenheimer
& Burgman, G. L. Manrath, Manchester; J. H. Reindollar, Taneyiown;
R. C. Snell, Hampstead — Number of employees, 52 ; value of total
product, $94,500; capital invested, $53,000; amount paid annually in
wages, $21,570.

Tombstones — Amos R. Schultz, Hampstead; John Beaver, Westmift-
ster — Number of employees, 4; value of total product, $28,500; capital
invested, $2,500; amount paid annually in wages, $1,500.

Ladies' Wrappers — L Walderman, Union Bridge; Strauss, Eiseman
& Company, Westminster — Number of employees, 115; value of total
product, $182,300; capital invested, $14,500; amount paid annually in
wages, $15,300.

Bricks — Oursler, Mount Airy; Robt. E. Frizzell, Chas. Graft, West-
minster — Number of employees, 11; value of total product, $4,825;
capital invested, $2,500.

Fertilizers — Farmers' Fertilizer Company, Chas. Schaeffer, Westmin-
ster; Fred. Mering, Bruceville — Number of employees, 17; value of total
product, $107,000; capital invested, $51,000; amount paid annually in
wages, $3,200.

Oakland Manufacturing Company, woolen goods and kerseys, Oakland;
England & Bryan, sole and belting leather; Westminster Hat Com-
pany, hats; Goodwin Lime Company, lime; Westminster Abattoir Com-


pany, meat; L. A. llallcr, macliim: repair slio[)s ; Atlantic Machine Com-
pany, can labeling? macliinc; Carroll County Electric Light and Power
Company, Westminster Gas Light Company, Westminster; W. H.
Shower, threshers, Manchester; Wakefield Mills and Lime Company,
lime and crushed stone, Wakefield vStation ; W. E. T. Smith & Son,
John H. Klees, harness. Mount Airy — Number of employees, 307;
value of total product, $627,500; capital invested, $641,000; amount
paid annually in wages, $107,350.

Furnishing Water — Westminster Water Company, Westminster.

Plumbing— Heating and Plumbing Company, Westminster.

Freight Cars and Repair Shops, W. M. R. R. Shops, Union Bridge.

Cigar Boxes — Chas. F. Myers, Union Bridge.

Bread and Other Bakery Products — J. T. Koontz, Mrs. Clarinda
Shoemaker, Taneytown ; Morris Mitten, John B. Saylor, J. P. Wohlege-
muth, Westminster.

Lime and Cement — Edwin G. Gilbert, Joseph L- Haines, Linwood ;
Edward Roop, Medford ; Myers Lime Kiln. New Windsor ; E. E.
Roop, Wakefield.

Rag Carpet — H. Faud Lynch, Patapsco.

Whiskey — A. S. Burkholder, Westminster ; Meginnis & Company,
Carrollton Station.

Carriages and Wagons— Elmer S. Koontz, Middleburg; Chas. E.
Simpson, Mount Airy; Edward H. Humbert, Pleasant Valley; Frank
E. Michaels, Union Bridge ; Levi Pliffer, Preston Waltz, Westminster.

Butter, etc. — Basil Gardner, C. C. Wooden, Hampstead ; Walnut
Grove Creamery; Hood's Mills Creamery Company, Hood's Mills;
John M. Nelson, .Mount Airy; Taneytown Creamery Company, Taney-
tOMHi ; Banner & Frizzella, Thomas H. Garther, Union Bridge ; Crouse
& Smeak, Jos. Yingling, Howard Zile, Westminster.

Confectioner}' —Orlando Reese, Westminster.

Fertilizers — Englar & Rhinehardt, Linwood ; David Englar, Medford ;
Jos. A. Stouffer, New Windsor.

Foundry and Machine Shops — John J. Fleming, Geo. Driver, Waters-
ville ; E. H. Sharretts & Brothers, York Road.

Oak Tanning — Schlosser Oak Tanning Company, Westminster.

Flour and Grist Mill Products— Devilbliss & Myerly, S. P. Englar
& Sons, Chas. J. Hibberd, Beard & Shimmel, Campers' Chopping Mill,
New Windsor ; Jas. F. Tracey, Patapsco ; Bradenburg Grist Mill,
Springfield Roller Mills, Sj'kesville; Noah H. Arters, Malvern Mills,
Monocacy Mills, Andrew Stonereifer, Tanej-town; Bollinger Mills,
Jeremiah W. Etzler. L. F. Miller & Sons, Shrinerea Mills, Milton O.
Valentine, John W. Spahr, Union Bridge ; Edward E. Roop, Wake-
field; Wm. Bachman, Elias Bollinger, Cedar Grove Mills, Milton Chew.


Josiah Crowl, Wesley J. Hahn, Noah Hollinger, Klee Milling Company,
Levi F. Lee, John H. Leister, William Lucabaugh, Mrs. Jennie
McKinstry, Meyer's Mill, Pipe Creek Mills, Theo. F. Shearer, B. F.
Shriver, Smith, Yingling & Company, Walnut Grove Mills, Wentz's
Flour and Grist Mill, Pius C. Wolf, Joseph Yingling, John W. Edmond-
son, Joseph Fornwalt, Fridinger Roller Mill, Westminster ; Buckman
Mill, Lewis T. Fout, Woodbine ; Spring Grove Mills, York Road ;
Warren L- Shipley, Deep Run Mill, Abraham Lohn, Wm. E. McKelvey,
Meadows Lawn Mill, Jacob Richards, Hampstead; Drechler's Grist
Mill, Carrollton; Comet Flouring Mill, Finksburg; George Grose,
Greenmount; Hood's Mills Milling Company, Hood's Mills; Big Pipe
Creek Mills, Kump ; John W. Tracey, Linesboro ; John W. Few,
Samuel E. Harris, South Branch Mill, Trevanion Mill, Lucy Weigle,
Linwood ; Oscar Wagner, Medford ; Wilson L. Crouse, New Rochester
Mills, Middleburg; L. H. Gosnell, Morgan; Vernon W. Nicodemus,
Mount Airy.

Lumber and Timber Products — Chas. E. Wamfer, Finksburg; Ben-
jamin F. Bosley, Greenmount; Chas. Ed. MuUinix, Rumpkells & Com-
pany, Mount Airy; H. B. Jones, A. M. Kalbach, New Windsor; Jonas
M. Wagner, Wakefield; Jacob J. Edmondson, Klee & Edmondson
Lumber Company, Edgar McQuay, Ben. F. Poole, Franklin T. Welk,
Westminster; Fleming Brothers, Edgar M. Powers, Woodbine.

Mineral and Soda Waters — C. H. Brown, Westminster.

Monuments and Tombstones — Geo. W. Slonaker, Linwood; Corne-
lius Miller, Westminster.

Paper and Wood Pulp — Gunpowder Mill, Rockdale Mill, Westmin-

Photography — Theodore J. Myers, Pleasant Valley; J. H. Kuchton,
Westminster; J. A. Haugh, York Road.

Printing and Publishing — Enterprise, Hampstead; Carroll Record,
Taneytown; Banner of Liberty; Union Bridge Pilot, Union Bridge;
American Sentinel, Democratic Advocate, Westminster.

Pumps — Frank Palmer, Linwood.

Saddlery and Harness — G. W. Harbaugh, Linwood; Wm. E. T.
Smith, Mount Airy; Milton D. Reid, New Windsor; John Deckebaugh,
John Harris, Sykesville; Harry A. Heck, Stanley C. Reaver, Taney-
town; Chas. E. H. Schrivner, Daniel C. Derr, C. L Lindsey, Union
Bridge ; J. Walter Shunk, Harry M. Smith, Wm. H. H. Zepp, Westmin-

Shirts — Strauss, Eiseman & Company, Westminster.

Tinsmithing, Coppersmithing and Sheef Iron Working — John McNeal,
Hampstead; Charles E. Myers, Linwood; L. P. Schultz, Sykesville;
Pius J. Fink, Harry S. Koons & Company, Taneytown; Henry S.
Wagner, Union Bridge; Otto Elder, Gilbert & Gehr, Wm. H. Grum-
bine, Wm. H. Myers, Westminster Hardware Company, Westminster.


Tobacco, Cigars and Cigarettes— vSnyderburK Ci^ar Manufacturing
Company, J. T. Uttcrmahlen, C. V. Wantz, S. J. Wareheim, G. A.
Bixley, J. W. Cunningham, C. C. Dudrcar, A. P. Helwig, Westminster;
William E. Rupp, Greenmount ; Grogg & Crampton, G. W. Ilauck &
Company, Hampstead ; Clara V. Miller, Miller's; J. V. Eckenrode,
Jacob Newcomer, Taneytown ; Progress Cigar Factory, Union Bridge;
Samuel Meant, York Road.

Vinegar and Cider — James C. Hoffman, Hampstead ; Jos. R. Lind,
Mount Airy; T. S. B. Fridinger, Levi T. Lee, Westminster.

Slaughtering and Meat Packing — Isaac M. Stover, Medford.


Charles County forms the southwestern portion of the western shore
of the State, and is bounded on the west and partly on the south by
the Potomac river, on the east, in part, by the Wicomico and the
Patuxent rivers.

Charles County was one of the earliest settled counties of the State,
being organized in 1658, and given its name by the second Lord Pro-
prieta^J^ Its area is 460 square miles, and it has most important
resources in oysters, fish and water fowl.

It is traversed by the Wicomico river, Nanjemoy, Port Tobacco
and Mattawoman creeks. The county has probably as much, if not
more, water front than any other county in the State.

Historically, Charles County is one of the most important. Port
Tobacco, from colonial times the county seat, is noted in the history
of the Revolution, and Marshall Hall, opposite Mt. Vernon, is closely
connected with the memory of Washington, though it is now an excur-
sion resort. The grave of General William Smallwood on the ances-
tral estate was marked on July 4, 1898, by the Maryland
Society of the Sons of the American Revolution with a massive monu-
ment. The county was also the home of Thomas Stone, a signer of the
Declaration of Independence, and of other distinguished men.

The population of Charles County is 18,316, according to the last
census, and the total value of lands is estimated at $2,775,240, and the
improvements at $1,216,610. The tax rate of the county for 1903 is

The soil is loam, highly productive under cultivation, the land being
mostly favorable to farming, and generally level in the centre of the
county, while on feither side there are small hills and valleys. In
some sections of the county marl is found.



There are 1,900 farms, with an acreage of 263,255 acres in the
county, and the important agricuUural productions are tobacco, corn,
wheat, oats, rye, fruits and grasses.

The scarcity of farm labor, the sparse settlement, and the suscepti-
bility of the land to intensive cultivation make Charles a desirable
county for immigrants to settle in.


Nearly all the steamboat lines that run out of Baltimore and Wash-
ington stop at some pointin Charles County, in addition to which water
transportation facilities the middle section of the county is traversed
by the Pope's Creek branch of the P. B. & VV. R. R., while the eastern
section is traversed by a short line of railroad under the management
of the Washington and Point Lookout Company.

These manifest shipping advantages and numerous water products
make Charles Count}^ a most desirable location for thrifty settlers.


The oyster and fish industries of Charles County furnish occupation
for about one-tenth of the laboring people. Large quantities of fish
and oysters are annually shipped from the waters of the Potomac,
Wicomico and Patuxent rivers, there being nearly 200 vessels and boats
engaged in this industry, with upwards of 450 people employed therein.


The only incorporated town in Charles County is La Plata, now the
county seat, the change having been made some time since, when La Plata
succeeded Port Tobacco. It has a population of 450, and is the busi-
ness centre of the county.

The Government Naval Proving Ground and Powder Factory furnish
employment for about 350 laborers and mechanics and twenty clerks,
and necessitates an annual expenditure by the Government in this
county of upwards of $140,000.

The Government Reservation at Indian Head aggregates 2,200 acres.


Charles County is manifestly not a manufacturing county, there
being only forty such in the county, with an invested capital of $105,000.

The principal business interests of the county are represented in the
following lists, which includes manufacturing, financial and other
institutions :


Bread and Other Bakery Products — Luther Dement, La Plata.

Flour and Grist Mill Products— Chapel Point Flour Mill, Charles
F. Hayden, Bel Alton; La Plata Milling Company, La Plata; Hancock
& Cooksey, Dentsville; Adrian Posey, Faulkner; Lemuel B. Owen,
McConchie; Edward E. Milliard, Mason Springs; Geo. T. C. Gray,
Nanjemoy; Pomonkey Milling Company, Pomonkey; C. A. Wright,
Wayside; Bryantown Flour Mills, Bryantown; Hughesville Milling
Company, Hughesville; A. M. Gates, Waldorf.

Lumber and Timber Products — Chas. T. Hayden, Bel Alton ; Fred-
erick Croft, Cross Roads ; Marcellus Bowie, Pisgah ; J. Preston Tip-
pett, Newport; Hawkins & Digges, C. Malcolm Berry, J. Benj. Mat-
tingly. La Plata; Pomonkey Milling Company, Pomonkey; C. A.
Wright, Wayside ; Bryantown Flour Mills, Bryantown ; A. M. Gates,
Waldorf; Charles M. Phillips, Nanjemoy; Jabez Wright, Cross Roads;
Thos. L. Twiford, Port Tobacco.

Printing and Publishing — Maryland Independent, The Times-
Crescent, La Plata.

Tinsmithing, Coppersmithing and Sheet Iron Working — John S.
Button & Company, J. R. Nevitt, La Plata.

Tobacco Packing and Rehandling — J. W. Albrittain, T. R. Farrall,
La Plata; H. M. Thomas, J. W. Waring, Pomonkey; G. E. Lyon,
McConchie; Robt. D. Wills, Bel Alton; Hamilton Brothers, Port To-
bacco; Geo. W. Carroll, Gallant Green; C. Posey Herbert, Hughesville;
J. L Naylor, Waldorf.

Banking and Financial— Southern Maryland Savings Bank, La

Canning and Packing — R. H. Pollock, La Plata ; Roberts, Moore &
Company, Benedict.

Oyster Shucking and Shipping — Benj. F. Henderson, Benedict.

Painters and Paperhangers — Wm. T. Maurice, La Plata; Downs
Brothers, Pomonkey.


Cecil County, the most northeastern county in the State, was first
settled in 1658, near the mouth of Principio creek, and the county was
organized in 1674. Capt. John Smith and his companions were the
first white men to visit the territory. Capt. William Clayborne erected

Online LibraryThomas A. SmithTwelfth Annual Report of the Bureau of Statistics and Information of Maryland. 1903. Thomas A. Smith, Chief. (Volume 1904) → online text (page 18 of 30)